Gargi Kapatia, Arvind Rajwanshi
A 28-year old female presented with complaints of abdominal pain for 2 weeks and vomiting for 1 week. Abdominal ultrasonography (USG) revealed a 3x3 cm space-occupying solid lesion with necrotic areas in the pancreas. The patient was a known case of Ewing sarcoma of the pubic bone, diagnosed one year previously. USG guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) from the pancreatic lesion was performed and smears were prepared, which were then stained with May-Grunwald-Giemsa (MGG) stain.
August 7, 2020: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
Kenji Notohara, Terumi Kamisawa, Noriyoshi Fukushima, Toru Furukawa, Takuma Tajiri, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Shinichi Aishima, Yuki Fukumura, Kenichi Hirabayashi, Eisuke Iwasaki, Atsushi Kanno, Satomi Kasashima, Atsuhiro Kawashima, Motohiro Kojima, Kensuke Kubota, Yasuhiro Kuraishi, Tomoko Mitsuhashi, Yoshiki Naito, Itaru Naitoh, Hiroshi Nakase, Takayoshi Nishino, Nobuyuki Ohike, Junichi Sakagami, Kyoko Shimizu, Masahiro Shiokawa, Takeshi Uehara, Tsukasa Ikeura, Shigeyuki Kawa, Kazuichi Okazaki
The biopsy-based diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is difficult but is becoming imperative for pathologists due to the increased amount of endoscopic ultrasound-guided biopsy tissue. To cope with this challenge, we propose guidance for the biopsy diagnosis of type 1 AIP. This guidance is for pathologists and comprises three main parts. The first part includes basic issues on tissue acquisition, staining, and final diagnosis, and is intended for gastroenterologists as well. The second part is a practical guide for diagnosing type 1 AIP based on the AIP clinical diagnostic criteria 2018...
August 6, 2020: Pathology International
Pujan Kandel, Aziza Nassar, Victoria Gomez, Massimo Raimondo, Timothy A Woodward, Julia E Crook, Natalie S Fares, Michael B Wallace
BACKGROUND:  National guidelines recommend genomic profiling of tumor tissue to guide precision therapy. We compared the specimen adequacy for genomic profiling and yield of DNA between endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine-needle biopsy (FNB) and EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA). METHODS:  In our tandem, randomized controlled trial, consecutive patients undergoing EUS for evaluation of pancreatic masses underwent both conventional EUS-FNA with a 25-gauge needle and paired EUS-FNB (19 or 22-gauge needle), with the order randomized (EUS-FNA first followed by EUS-FNB, or vice versa)...
August 6, 2020: Endoscopy
Chikanori Tsutsumi, Toshiya Abe, Yusuke Sawatsubashi, Sadafumi Tamiya, Daisuke Kakihara, Kazuyoshi Nishihara, Toru Nakano
BACKGROUND: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas is an extremely rare neoplasm with a favorable prognosis. On the other hand, pancreatic invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is known to be an aggressive malignancy. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report of SPN combined with IDC of the pancreas. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old woman presented with abnormal genital bleeding and was diagnosed with inoperable cervical cancer. During computed tomography for cancer staging, the patient was incidentally diagnosed with pancreatic cancer...
August 7, 2020: Surgical Case Reports
Ezequiel Tolosa, Maite G Fernandez-Barrena, Eriko Iguchi, Angela McCleary-Wheeler, Ryan Carr, Luciana Almada, Luis Flores, Renzo E Vera, Germine Alfonse, David Marks, Tara Hogenson, Anne Vrabel, Isaac Horn, Amanda Koenig, Stephanie Safgren, Ashley Sigafoos, Mert Erkan, Paola Romecín-Duran, Alejandro Sarabia Gonzalez, Bo Zhou, Delphine Javelaud, Veronique Marsaud, Rondell Graham, Alain Mauviel, Sherine Elsawa, Martin E Fernandez-Zapico
The Hedgehog-regulated transcription factors GLI1 and GLI2 play overlapping roles in development and disease, however, the mechanisms underlying their interplay remain elusive. We report for the first time that GLI1 and GLI2 physically and functionally interact in cancer cells. GLI1 and GLI2 were shown to co-immunoprecipitate in PANC1 pancreatic cancer cells and RMS13 rhabdomyosarcoma cells. Mapping analysis demonstrated that the zinc finger domains of both proteins are required for their heteromerization. RNAi knockdown of either GLI1 or GLI2 inhibited expression of a number of well characterized GLI target genes (BCL2, MYCN PTCH2, IL7 and CCND1) in PANC1 cells, whereas PTCH1 expression was only inhibited by GLI1 depletion...
August 7, 2020: Biochemical Journal
Mihir M Shah, Rachel E NeMoyer, Stephanie H Greco, Chunxia Chen, Dirk F Moore, Miral S Grandhi, Russell C Langan, Timothy J Kennedy, Parisa Javidian, Salma K Jabbour, H Richard Alexander, David A August, Darren R Carpizo
Purpose: According to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th edition, T1 staging of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PC) is defined as tumor limited to the pancreas, ≤2 cm. The AJCC 8th edition subcategorizes T1 staging into T1a (≤5 mm), T1b (≤1 cm), and T1c (≤2 cm) for PC despite the absence of supporting evidence. We sought to determine whether this new subcategorization has prognostic significance. Methods: A retrospective review of patients undergoing definitive surgery for PC was performed by using the National Cancer Database (NCDB) from 2004 to 2014...
2020: Journal of Pancreatic Cancer
Ann S Monardo, Akiva J Marcus, Andrew C Berry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2020: ACG Case Reports Journal
Erik Almazan, Thomas Runge, Qing Kay Li, Saowanee Ngamruengphong
Heterotopic pancreas is pancreatic tissue present outside of the normal location of the pancreas. In the presence of cystic degeneration, heterotopic pancreas is clinically significant because of the symptoms it causes and its physical resemblance to cancerous growth. A diagnosis of heterotopic pancreas is achieved with the aid of various endoscopic techniques for tissue removal. Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection has proven successful for the resection of gastric subepithelial masses. We present a 53-year-old woman undergoing submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection for the resection of a subepithelial gastric cyst caused by heterotopic pancreas with cystic degeneration...
July 2020: ACG Case Reports Journal
Zi-Shi Chen, Yi-Da Wu, Jin-Heng Hao, Yu-Jia Liu, Kang-Ping He, Wen-Hao Jiang, Mei-Jie Xiong, Yong-Si Lv, Shi-Lin Cao, Jie Zhu
This paper investigates the conformational stability of porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) in three non-aqueous organic solvents, including dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), propylene glycol (PRG), and ethanol (EtOH) through molecular dynamic (MD) simulation. The root mean square deviations (RMSDs), radius of gyration (Rg), solution accessible surface area (SASA), radial distribution function (RDF), hydrogen bond (H-bond), Ramachandran plot analysis, secondary structure, and enzyme substrate affinity of the PPL in the various organic solvents were comparatively investigated...
2020: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Shannon E Conneely, Stacy L Cooper, Rachel E Rau
An essential component of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) therapy is the prolonged maintenance phase with daily 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) as the cornerstone. While 6-MP is generally well-tolerated, some patients suffer from significant side effects such as gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity, including hepatitis, hypoglycemia, nausea, and pancreatitis, which can substantially limit the tolerated dose of 6-MP. These toxicities are thought to result from skewed metabolism of 6-MP leading to an accumulation of the 6-methylmercaptopurine (6-MMP) metabolite...
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
Concetta Sciammarella, Amalia Luce, Ferdinando Riccardi, Carmela Mocerino, Roberta Modica, Massimiliano Berretta, Gabriella Misso, Alessia Maria Cossu, Annamaria Colao, Giovanni Vitale, Alois Necas, Jan Fedacko, Marilena Galdiero, Pierpaolo Correale, Antongiulio Faggiano, Michele Caraglia, Anna Capasso, Anna Grimaldi
Somatostatin analogs mantain their major role in the treatment of patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and have multiple modulatory effects on the immune system. Here, we evaluated the effects of lanreotide treatment on expression of Th1, Th2 cytokine patterns in serum of patients with NETs and in bronchial and pancreatic NET cell lines. Our results showed that lanreotide treatment promoted a Th1 cytotoxic immune-phenotype in patients with NETs originated by intestinal sites. Similar results were obtained also in vitro where lanreotide induced expression of Th1 cytokines only in pancreatic and not in bronchial-derived NET cell lines...
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
Tao Qin, Liang Cheng, Ying Xiao, Weikun Qian, Jie Li, Zheng Wu, Zheng Wang, Qinhong Xu, Wanxing Duan, Lucas Wong, Erxi Wu, Qingyong Ma, Jiguang Ma
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenolic compound with multiple biological effects, e.g ., proliferation inhibition, anti-oxidation, and neuroprotection. Besides that, studies have shown that resveratrol inhibits tumor growth and migration, as well as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, its molecular mechanisms in tumor progression are not fully understood. Nutrient-deprivation autophagy factor-1 (NAF-1) is mainly found in the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial outer membrane. It is an important genetic locus for regulating oxidative stress and autophagy...
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
Yuchao Zhang, Gang Xu, Maozhen Chen, Qian Wei, Tengteng Zhou, Ziliang Chen, Mingyang Shen, Ping Wang
Purpose: Adjuvant chemotherapy following resection is recommended by clinical practice guidelines for all patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy among the staging groups of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) for PDAC. Patients and Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis was performed by the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) (2004-2015) database and multi-institutional dataset (2010-2018). Baseline clinicopathologic characteristics of PDAC patients, including age, gender, ethnicity, marital status, education level, county income level, county unemployed rate, insurance status, grade, stage, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, were collected...
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
Vered Domankevich, Margalit Efrati, Michael Schmidt, Eran Glikson, Fairuz Mansour, Amit Shai, Adi Cohen, Yael Zilberstein, Elad Flaisher, Razvan Galalae, Itzhak Kelson, Yona Keisari
Diffusing alpha-emitting radiation therapy (DaRT) employs intratumoral Ra-224-coated seeds that efficiently destroy solid tumors by slowly releasing alpha-emitting atoms inside the tumor. In immunogenic tumor models, DaRT was shown to activate systemic antitumor immunity. Agonists of the membrane-bound toll-like receptors (TLRs) enhanced these effects and led to tumor rejection. Here, we examined the combination of DaRT with agents that activate a different type of pattern recognition receptors, the cytoplasmatic RIG1-like receptors (RLRs)...
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
Romil Singh, Tony Oliver, Uma Motapothula, Sawai Singh Rathore, Dhwani Kamrai
At a certain juncture, when clinicians are unable to gather information about a particular disease especially due to patient's unobtrusive findings, the presence of an aberrant connection might yield a diagnosis. Herein we present the findings of an unusual enlightening case of an 81-year-old Caucasian male with a history of bowel resection, poor appetite, generalized weakness, ptosis, and two weeks of weight loss. The computerized tomography scan revealed several sets of an abdominal intramuscular fluid collection with enhancements in the surrounding, indicative of several abscesses, and brain and spine magnetic resonance imaging indicated right-orbital metastasis in the superior rectal muscles...
July 1, 2020: Curēus
Basma Ataallah, Mustafa Abdulrahman, Rana Al-Zakhari, Barjinder S Buttar, Shaha Nabeel
Drug-induced pancreatitis is uncommon among all cases of acute pancreatitis in the general population. The majority of reported cases are mild, but severe and even fatal cases have been also reported. Management of corticosteroid-induced acute pancreatitis requires withdrawal of the offending agent and supportive care. Our case describes a young patient, who was recently diagnosed with idiopathic immune purpura and was treated with steroids. Few days later, he returned to the hospital complaining of epigastric pain with nausea and vomiting and was diagnosed with steroid-induced pancreatitis after exclusion of other causes of pancreatitis...
July 1, 2020: Curēus
Georgios Z Papadakis, George Kochiadakis, George Lazopoulos, Kostas Marias, Nikolaos Klapsinos, Fady Hannah-Shmouni, Georgia G Igoumenaki, Taxiarchis Konstantinos Nikolouzakis, Stelios Kteniadakis, Demetrios A Spandidos, Apostolos H Karantanas
Cardiovascular disease (CD) is the leading cause of death in the developed world, with major atherothrombotic events, being mainly attributed to the rupture of unstable, vulnerable atherosclerotic lesions, leading to blood flow obstruction. Since unstable atherosclerotic plaques frequently do not cause hemodynamically significant blood flow restriction, conventional stress imaging tests cannot depict the vulnerable, high-risk for rupture atherosclerotic lesions. Therefore, molecular imaging techniques targeting specific pathophysiologic features related to atherosclerotic plaque rupture mechanism, hold promise for precise and individualized treatment strategies of CD...
September 2020: Biomedical Reports
Hanlin Wang, Yingjian Jiang, Hongbo Li, Jiang Wang, Chang Li, Dianliang Zhang
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of carbachol on the intestinal tight-junction barrier in a rat model of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) without aggravating pancreatic injury, and to determine whether cell division cycle 42 (Cdc42)/F-actin could have a regulatory role. Rats were separated into a sham-operation (SO) group (n=10), SO + carbachol group (n=10), SAP group (n=60) and SAP + carbachol group (n=60). Sodium taurocholate (5%) was retrogradely injected into the biliopancreatic duct of rats to induce SAP...
September 2020: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Yuan Li, Jing Yang, Xin Zhang, Hong Liu, Jin Guo
Lysine demethylase 6A (KDM6A) is a Jumonji-C domain-containing histone demethylase that specifically catalyzes the removal of histone H3 lysine-27 trimethylation. KDM6A is a member of the KDM6 family, the biological role of which has been reported in various types of cancer, including bladder and lung cancer, as well as pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. However, the role of KDM6A in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not completely understood. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the biological function of KDM6A in HCC progression...
September 2020: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jing Ma, Siwen Sun, Chen Song, Ning Li, Na Li, Lingzhi Xu, Ting Yang, Yulong Lan, Man Li
Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the digestive tract, rendering it difficult to make an accurate diagnosis. The 5 year survival rate for pancreatic cancer is <1%, and surgical resection rarely proves to be effective. Therefore, the identification of more effective methods for the early detection of pancreatic cancer is an urgent requirement. The present study aimed to explore key genes and microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with the pathogenesis of pancreatic cancer. Public databases were searched, and the data were integrated from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Gene Expression Omnibus databases, leading to the identification of 23 differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs)...
September 2020: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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