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ethics in dentistry

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/32119653/is-clinical-simulation-an-effective-learning-tool-in-teaching-clinical-ethics
#1
José Luis Calleja, Alix Soublette Sánchez, Paola Radedek Soto
Introduction: In the teaching of clinical ethics, many traditional methods have been used that aim to develop competencies in the face of ethical challenges. Situations that can be reproduced in a standardized way through clinical simulation can be presented and evaluated in the training process of health professionals; however, its use requires evidence of effectiveness. Objective: To identify and synthesize the available evidence on the effectiveness of teaching clinical ethics using simulation as a learning tool...
February 24, 2020: Medwave
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32087260/wish-fulfilling-medicine-and-wish-fulfilling-dentistry
#2
Dick J Witter, J J Jos Kole, Wolter G Brands, Michael I MacEntee, Nico H J Creugers
OBJECTIVES: to explain the practice of wish-fulfilling medicine and how it relates to dentistry. SOURCES: Relevant papers, and reports from authoritative institutions were identified in Pubmed and Google Scholar. RESULTS: Wish-fulfilling medicine refers to services provided by professionals using medical methods in a medical setting to address non-medical wishes of patients. Care-providers, medical industries, and health-insurance companies also contribute to wish-fulfilling in medicine and dentistry...
February 19, 2020: Journal of Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32067927/-scientific-impact-and-bibliometric-contextualisation-of-paediatrics-compared-to-other-specialities
#3
Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Javier González de Dios, Cristina Calvo, Ángeles Calduch-Losa, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this paper is twofold. On the one hand, to identify and characterise the production, citation, impact and collaboration indicators of the Pediatrics area of the Journal Citation Reports, and on the other hand, to place the journal Anales de Pediatría in the context of the Spanish journals of another twenty areas and medical specialties. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The sources of information used to obtain the indicators were Science Citation Index-Expanded, Journal Citation Reports, and Scimago Journal & Country Rank...
February 14, 2020: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32046696/raising-awareness-about-microbial-antibiotic-resistance-in-undergraduate-dental-students-a-research-based-strategy-for-teaching-non-laboratory-elements-of-a-microbiology-curriculum
#4
Veronica Veses, Maria Del Mar Jovani-Sancho, Raquel González-Martínez, Isidoro Cortell-Ballester, Chirag C Sheth
BACKGROUND: Resistance to antimicrobial agents has become a problem in modern society. Antibiotic resistant bacteria undermine the prevention and treatment of infections. Undergraduate dental students in Europe are required to receive information in aspects of microbiology relevant for dental practice, including oral microbial pathogens and resistance mechanisms against antimicrobial compounds. The objective of this study was to implement a research-based strategy to aid the understanding of the increase in antimicrobial resistance in undergraduate dental student training...
February 11, 2020: BMC Medical Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32043589/a-tale-of-two-teaching-methods-students-clinical-perspectives-on-administering-dental-local-anesthetics
#5
Grace Wong, Heather C Apthorpe, Kate Ruiz, Shanika Nanayakkara
Various preclinical methodologies have been adopted by dental and oral health programs to develop student competence in administering dental local anesthetics (LA). Student-to-student practice is the most common preclinical training method. However, manikin simulation models have been introduced to avoid possible complications and ethical concerns with student-to-student injections. In 2017, the methodology was changed in the Bachelor of Oral Health program at The University of Sydney School of Dentistry in Australia from student-to-student practice to manikin simulation models...
February 2020: Journal of Dental Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32031341/dentistry-e-health-and-digitalisation-a-critical-narrative-review-of-the-dental-literature-on-digital-technologies-with-insights-from-health-and-technology-studies
#6
P Neville, M M van der Zande
To overview current developments in e-health and digitalisation in dentistry and identify gaps in the dental literature on this topic; Basic research design: a critical narrative review of published articles and relevant online materials; Results: Four themes are identified as characterising the current dental literature on e-health and digitalisation: 1) the impact of digitalisation on dental surgeries, 2) digital technology and practice management, 3) digitalisation beyond the dental surgery and in dentist-patient communication, and 4) digital technology and education...
January 15, 2020: Community Dental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31994651/social-media-and-dentistry-ethical-and-legal-aspects
#7
Alexandre Henrique de Melo Simplício
INTRODUCTION: In a saturated market with an over-supply of undergraduate and graduate programs, social media have become attractive means of advertising in Dentistry. However, posts frequently contain ethical violations and lead to service commodification, and their contents are often in disagreement with the Code of Consumer Protection. OBJECTIVE: This article, which focuses on ethical and legal developments, contributes to the discussion and elucidation of questions associated with advertising that uses clinical images and photographs of patients in social media for commercial purposes and self-promotion...
November 2019: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31971630/a-scoping-review-on-social-justice-education-in-current-undergraduate-dental-curricula
#8
REVIEW
Nioushah Noushi, Ninoska Enriquez, Shahrokh Esfandiari
BACKGROUND: A recent shift in educational components within healthcare has pushed dentistry toward a greater understanding of the role of social components on oral health. There has also been an increased awareness of inappropriate conduct among dental students. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to determine if, how, and when social-justice-oriented education has been incorporated into dental curricula worldwide. A systematic and reiterative search of articles was performed on February 22, 2018, and combined quantitative and qualitative synthesis of data...
January 23, 2020: Journal of Dental Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31845456/final-year-dental-students-self-assessed-confidence-in-general-dentistry
#9
Sadna Rajan, Yang Chen Hong, Jinxuan Chen, Samantha Chin-You, Sandra Chee, Rina Chrun, Jasper Byun, Menaka Abuzar
BACKGROUND: Self-assessment is an important introspective skill that dental professionals will utilise throughout their professional career. Its value lies in its ability to help individuals identify areas of strengths and weakness, and subsequently seek further development of professional skills where needed. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between self-assessed confidence and the assessment grade of final-year dental students based on the professional attributes and competencies of newly qualified dentists outlined by the Australian Dental Council (ADC)...
December 16, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31835922/development-and-evaluation-of-an-interprofessional-seminar-pilot-course-to-enhance-collaboration-between-health-professions-at-a-student-run-clinic-for-underserved-populations
#10
Lisa A Caratelli, Jolene R Bostwick, Thomas Templin, Mark Fitzgerald, Marilyn S Filter, Emily Ginier
This report describes the development and evaluation of an interprofessional pilot course aimed at health science students. The course was developed through collaboration of three health professions: Dentistry, Kinesiology, and Pharmacy. The coursework comprised of traditional lecture-based learning, interprofessional experiential education through four on-site visits at two area clinics that participate in team-based care, four student self-reflections following each site visit, and demonstration of interprofessional education and collaboration (IPEC) competencies through student evaluation of current interprofessional care at those existing clinics with a component for key improvement intervention...
December 13, 2019: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31818278/a-pilot-trial-on-lithium-disilicate-partial-crowns-using-a-novel-prosthodontic-functional-index-for-teeth-fit
#11
Edoardo Ferrari Cagidiaco, Simone Grandini, Cecilia Goracci, Tim Joda
BACKGROUND: Lithium disilicate is now a well accepted material for indirect restorations. The aim of this trial was to evaluate two lithium disilicate systems using a novel prosthodontic Functional Index for Teeth (FIT). METHODS: Partial adhesive crowns on natural abutment posterior teeth were made on sixty patients. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 IPS e.max press (Ivoclar-Vivadent, Schaan, Liecthestein), and Group 2 Initial LiSi press (GC Co., Tokyo, Japan)...
December 9, 2019: BMC Oral Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31811657/amalgam-phase-down-baseline-data-preceding-implementation-in-nigeria
#12
Donna C Umesi, Omotayo A Oremosu, John O Makanjuola
OBJECTIVE: The Minimata Convention on mercury includes amalgam phase-down and eventual phase-out from dentistry. To aid its subsequent evaluation it is important to have baseline data of amalgam use in a locality prior to implementing a phase-down. METHODOLOGY: Records of patients spanning 5 years from January 2011 to January 2016 were analysed to determine and the compare frequency of amalgam usage with other dental materials for carious teeth restorations in a Nigerian university teaching hospital...
December 6, 2019: International Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31803843/the-best-of-both-worlds-experiences-of-co-developing-innovative-undergraduate-health-care-programmes-in-egypt
#13
Ahmed Rashid, Deborah Gill, Lamis Ragab
As medical education has become increasingly globalised, universities across the world have sought to raise standards by partnering with well-established institutions and a number of different partnership models have emerged. This article describes an academic collaboration between University College London (UCL), UK, and Newgiza University (NGU), Egypt, to establish modern and innovative undergraduate medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy programmes delivered in Egypt. Academics from UCL and NGU co-developed programmes using established materials, assessments, and processes from the equivalent programmes at UCL...
January 2019: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31795008/aspects-of-clinical-malpractice-in-endodontics
#14
Mothanna Alrahabi, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Necdet Adanir
The clinical dentistry and endodontic procedures involve very technique-sensitive procedures, therefore exposing the operator to risks of causes not only damage to patients but also leads to malpractice. Among various disciplines of dentistry, endodontics-related cases witness the most frequently filed malpractice claims. This is due to the fact that the endodontic treatment procedures involve operative and surgical procedures, using a variety of medicaments and techniques. The endodontic procedural errors can be preoperative errors (such as incorrect diagnosis and misinterpretation), intraoperative errors including root canal and pulp chamber perforations, ledge formation leading to apical transportation or zipping, hypochlorite accidents, and fracture of instruments...
July 2019: European Journal of Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31726901/how-has-the-dental-literature-evolved-over-time-analyzing-20-years-of-journal-self-citation-rates-and-impact-factors
#15
Konstantina Delli, Christos Livas, Pieter U Dijkstra
Objective: As journal impact factors (IFs) can be artificially inflated by excessive journal self-citation practices, research quality evaluation based solely on IF ranking may be manipulated and, therefore, ethically challenged. This study aimed to analyze the longitudinal development of journal self-citation rates (SCRs) and IFs in dental literature and to determine possible confounders. Methods: Twenty-eight journals with scope within general dentistry and (sub)specialties listed in 1997-2016 Journal of Citation Reports® were scrutinized...
November 15, 2019: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31678957/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-case-management-approach-to-encourage-participation-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-for-people-with-schizophrenia-in-psychiatric-outpatient-clinics-study-protocol-for-the-j-support-1901-access-study
#16
Masaki Fujiwara, Masatoshi Inagaki, Taichi Shimazu, Masafumi Kodama, Ryuhei So, Takanori Matsushita, Yusaku Yoshimura, Shigeo Horii, Maiko Fujimori, Hirokazu Takahashi, Naoki Nakaya, Kyoko Kakeda, Tempei Miyaji, Shiro Hinotsu, Keita Harada, Hiroyuki Okada, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
INTRODUCTION: One of the reasons for the high mortality rate from cancer in people with schizophrenia is delay in diagnosis. Many studies have shown lower cancer screening rates in people with schizophrenia; however, there are no interventions for people with schizophrenia to increase cancer screening. Therefore, we developed a case management (CM) intervention to encourage participation in cancer screening. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of CM to encourage participation in cancer screening for people with schizophrenia, with particular focus on colorectal cancer screening by faecal occult blood testing, compared with usual intervention (UI), namely, municipal public education...
November 2, 2019: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31658980/a-tale-of-two-teaching-methods-students-clinical-perspectives-on-administering-dental-local-anesthetics
#17
Grace Wong, Heather C Apthorpe, Kate Ruiz, Shanika Nanayakkara
Various preclinical methodologies have been adopted by dental and oral health programs to develop student competence in administering dental local anesthetics (LA). Student-to-student practice is the most common preclinical training method. However, manikin simulation models have been introduced to avoid possible complications and ethical concerns with student-to-student injections. In 2017, the methodology was changed in the Bachelor of Oral Health program at The University of Sydney School of Dentistry in Australia from student-to-student practice to manikin simulation models...
October 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31655613/the-dental-anomaly-how-and-why-dental-caries-and-periodontitis-are-phenomenologically-atypical
#18
Dylan Rakhra
BACKGROUND: Despite their shared origins, medicine and dentistry are not always two sides of the same coin. There is a long history in medical philosophy of defining disease and various medical models have come into existence. Hitherto, little philosophical and phenomenological work has been done considering dental caries and periodontitis as examples of disease and illness. METHODS: A philosophical methodology is employed to explore how we might define dental caries and periodontitis using classical medical models of disease - the naturalistic and normativist...
October 26, 2019: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31620388/ethics-in-children-s-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-at-the-lebanese-university
#19
Nahla F Nassif
Background: In pediatric dentistry, general anesthesia is required for dental treatment. The treatment modalities are often linked to the patient's medical conditions. However, ethical values might influence the decisions of the treatment. Aims: To compare the treatment modalities under general anesthesia between healthy children and children with special needs (CSN) and to assess the ethical principles. Materials and Methods: An analytical retrospective study, approximately 64 patients including 26 CSN and 38 healthy children from 3 to 12 years of age, who underwent general anesthesia (GA) for dental treatment, was performed...
September 2019: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31617069/reasons-for-article-retraction-in-anesthesiology-a-comprehensive-analysis
#20
Singh Nair, Chetra Yean, Jennifer Yoo, Jonathan Leff, Ellise Delphin, David C Adams
BACKGROUND: Increasing awareness of scientific misconduct has prompted various fields of medicine, including orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, and dentistry to characterize the reasons for article retraction. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the reasons for and the rate of article retraction in the field of anesthesia within the last 30 years. METHODS: Based on a reproducible search strategy, two independent reviewers searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Retraction Watch website to identify retracted anesthesiology articles...
January 2020: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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