Evidence bases dentistry

Syed Saad Bin Qasim, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Fayyez Hussain Niazi, Majid Alshahwan, Hanan Abdel Ks, Umer Daood
Design and development of novel therapeutic strategies to regenerate lost tissue structure and function is a serious clinical hurdle for researchers. Traditionally much of the research is dedicated in optimizing properties of scaffolds. Current synthetic biomaterials remain rudimentary in comparison to their natural counterparts. The ability to incorporate biologically inspired elements into the design of synthetic materials has advanced with time. Recent reports suggest that functionally graded material mimicking the natural tissue morphology can have a more exaggerated response on the targeted tissue...
March 23, 2020: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Hai Ming Wong, Susan Margaret Bridges, Kuen Wai Ma, Cynthia Kar Yung Yiu, Colman Patrick McGrath, Olga A Zayts
BACKGROUND: In the clinical dental consultation, multi-party configurations predominate with the presence of parents/ primary caregivers in pediatric dentistry adding another layer of complexity. In managing child oral healthcare, parents/ primary caregivers are critical, especially in dental caries prevention. This study aimed (1) to identify the structure of oral health literacy (OHL) talk in interpreter-mediated pediatric dentistry and (2) to analyze interpreter contributions to the communication strategies: patient-centered direct interpreting (PC-DI), patient-centered mediated interpreting (PC-MI), clinician-centered direct interpreting (CC-DI), and clinician-centered mediated interpreting (CC-MI)...
2020: PloS One
Anas Imran Arshad, Paras Ahmad, Paul M H Dummer, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Jawaad Ahmed Asif, Zuliani Mahmood, Normastura Abd Rahman, Noraida Mamat
OBJECTIVE:  A systematic search was performed for the identification and analysis of the 100 most often cited articles on dental caries and to highlight the changing trends in the field of dentistry over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  The search was performed without any restriction on the study design, publication year, or language using the Web of Science (WoS) group of Clarivate Analytics enabling the search through "All Databases." Based on the citation count as available in WoS, the articles were sorted in a descending manner...
February 2020: European Journal of Dentistry
Taylor Hunt, Tobie A Jones, Patricia A Carney
Little research exists on reciprocal learning, a type of peer-assisted learning in which students act concurrently as both teacher and learner in small groups. The aims of this pilot study were to assess the feasibility of using case-based reciprocal learning with dental students and to assess its impact on students' satisfaction and perceived clinical reasoning, educational value, and use of evidence-based dentistry. In this quasi-experimental mixed methods study conducted in 2018, small-group sessions led by a third-year dental student were designed to expose second-year students to clinical portfolios prior to clinical rotations, promote evidence-based dentistry, and improve students' clinical critical thinking skills by having them work in small groups to teach and learn from each other...
March 2020: Journal of Dental Education
Ali Garavand, Mahnaz Samadbeik, Hamed Nadri, Bahlol Rahimi, Heshmatollah Asadi
BACKGROUND:  Students with complex health care services process face constant challenges with regard to health education. The mobile devices are an important tool that can install various applications for using information such as clinical guidelines, drug resources, clinical calculations, and the latest scientific evidence without any time and place limitations. And this happens only when students accept and use it. OBJECTIVE:  The purpose of this article is to identify the factors influencing students in their intention to use mobile health (mHealth) by using Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model...
March 13, 2020: Methods of Information in Medicine
Clovis Mariano Faggion
Translational research, as the name suggests, "translates" research findings into clinical practice to improve the health of human beings. The translational process builds on information from experiments conducted at a basic level (i.e., in vitro and/or animal studies) and progresses over experimental human studies for efficacy, efficiency, and safety to implementation. Therefore, all steps in the process should be based on studies conducted with the highest methodological quality possible in order to provide accurate and useful information...
March 10, 2020: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Zoe Marshman, Jennifer E Kettle, Richard D Holmes, Kathryn B Cunningham, Ruth Freeman, Barry J Gibson, Elaine McColl, Anne Maguire, Gail V A Douglas, Janet E Clarkson, Nicola P T Innes
BACKGROUND: The lack of evidence for the effective management of carious lesions in children's primary teeth has caused uncertainty for the dental profession and patients. Possible approaches include conventional and biological management alongside best practice prevention, and best practice prevention alone. The FiCTION trial assessed the effectiveness of these options, and included a qualitative study exploring dental professionals' (DPs) experiences of delivering the different treatment arms...
March 4, 2020: BMC Oral Health
Scott B Schwartz, Sonya G Smith, Kelli R Johnson
Population demographic shifts in the United States and Canada have led to an increasingly diverse postsecondary student population. However, the largely homogenous dental faculty in the United States and Canada does not reflect the rapidly changing student body and the diverse patient population academic dentistry has been called to serve. Therefore, recruitment and retention of diverse dental faculty in dental education must be a priority. Substantial evidence also indicates improved outcomes for faculty, students, and institutions when faculty diversity on campus is increased...
March 2, 2020: Journal of Dental Education
P A Atkin, A Willis, C Doncahie, Roc Elledge, S J Thomas, R Ni Riordain, S Galvin, C Marney, J F Setterfield, P M Smith, D Hammond
INTRODUCTION: The United Kingdom and Ireland teachers of Human Disease/Clinical Medical Science for Dentistry (HD/CMSD) group continues to work together, and most recently collaborated to review current and future assessments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The first part of the review of assessments in HD/CMSD took place at a face-to-face meeting with presentations from delegates on assessments in their home institutions. The second, and larger part, comprised an online survey where all eighteen schools in the UK and Ireland participated...
February 27, 2020: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Stefano Cianetti, Paola Anderini, Stefano Pagano, Paolo Eusebi, Massimiliano Orso, Rosario Salvato, Guido Lombardo
Purpose: Critical care units, such as heart failure units, house inpatients with a compromised general health status that requires rigorous prevention of further complications. Oral health infections that gain access through the bloodstream or airway might represent such potential complications (eg, endocarditis pneumonia). Avoiding these critical occurrences requires that adequate oral health care be provided by nursing personnel. Here we assessed the knowledge of oral health care practices by nurses working in three Italian heart failure units in Umbria, Italy...
2020: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Amo Correia, E Bresciani, A B Borges, D M Pereira, L C Maia, Tmf Caneppele
PURPOSE: The purpose was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis based on the following research question: do tooth- and cavity-related aspects of noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) affect the retention of composite restorations? METHODS: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that evaluated the retention rate of resin restorations in NCCLs were included for the identification and comparison of their characteristics. The search was conducted in PubMed and adapted for Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database (LILACS), Brazilian Library in Dentistry (BBO), Cochrane Library, and System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe (SIGLE) without restrictions until July 2018...
February 13, 2020: Operative Dentistry
Suzane Boa Nova Brandeburski, Marina Lermenn Vidal, Kaue Collares, Yu Zhang, Alvaro Della Bona
OBJECTIVE: Literature on edge chipping test applied to dental materials and structures has been systematically reviewed with regard to the evaluation methods and parameters used. DATA: A systematic search of the literature retrieved 3484 relevant studies. After removing duplicates, 1848 records were screened by titles and abstracts and 1797 were excluded; 51 papers were assessed full text for eligibility. Twenty papers were included in this study and they were organized according to the dental materials and structures tested as follows: 2 studies on human tooth, 9 on dental ceramics, 5 on polymer-based composites, and 4 studies evaluated both ceramic and polymer-based materials...
January 27, 2020: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Michael Silverman, Justin Slater, Racquel Jandoc, Sharon Koivu, Amit X Garg, Matthew A Weir
BACKGROUND: The incidence of infective endocarditis related to injection drug use is increasing. On the basis of clinical practice and epidemiological and in-vitro data, we postulated that exposure to controlled-release hydromorphone is associated with an increased risk of infective endocarditis among people who inject drugs. METHODS: We used linked health administrative databases in Ontario, Canada, to assemble a retrospective cohort of adults (aged 18-55 years) who inject drugs for the period of April 1, 2006, to Sept 30, 2015...
January 22, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Jonas Winkler, Nikolaos Gkantidis
Intraoral three-dimensional imaging has gained great interest in dentistry as a mean to generate risk-free imprints of the oral cavity. Accurate intraoral models facilitate proper diagnosis, growth assessment, outcome evaluation, and 3D printing applications. Here, in an actual clinical setup on 12 subjects, we evaluate the trueness and precision of two widely used intraoral scanners (TRIOS 3, 3Shape and CS 3600, Carestream), using an industrial scanner (Artec Space Spider) as a reference. Surface based matching was implemented using the iterative closest point algorithm (ICP)...
January 24, 2020: Scientific Reports
Monique C Cheung, Matthew S Hopcraft, Ivan B Darby
INTRODUCTION: Implant treatments and peri-implant maintenance continue apace while the evidence for implant maintenance and home hygiene continues to be developed. Information sources for dental practitioners and patients in peri-implant health maintenance and disease management are generally not known. This study investigated the implant maintenance topics taught, the discipline backgrounds of convenors and presenters, and information delivery methods within implant dentistry teaching in Australia...
January 24, 2020: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Glenn Canares, Vineet Dhar
Residency programs are increasingly using social media for a variety of purposes. The aim of this study was to assess the views of U.S. pediatric dental residency program directors on their programs' participation in social media and use of social media in resident selection and education. This cross-sectional study used an electronic survey sent to all 89 U.S. program directors in 2018 to assess the use of social media and obtain demographic information. Forty-six surveys were completed, for a 52% response rate...
January 2020: Journal of Dental Education
Taiseer A Sulaiman
OBJECTIVE: To review materials available in computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM), their various properties and accuracy are compared to conventional materials/methods when available. OVERVIEW: CAD/CAM in dentistry is constantly growing and becoming a user- and patient-friendly technology and service using intraoral scanners and laboratory/chairside milling units to manufacture dental restorations and appliances from multiple materials including wax, metals, composite resins, and ceramics...
January 13, 2020: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
George Alexander, Matthew S Hopcraft, Martin J Tyas, Rebecca Hk Wong
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain dental educators' attitudes toward the teaching of dental amalgam at dental schools in Australia, and identify preferred curricular approaches in a potentially 'amalgamless' profession. METHODS: A mixed methods analysis was employed based on an open-ended response survey followed by a closed-ended questionnaire. Identification of key issues from the survey helped frame the questionnaire. Participants included those with expertise in operative and restorative dentistry, with direct involvement in curriculum development or delivery, at Australian dental schools...
January 10, 2020: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Waleed Daifallah ALmalki, Navin Ingle, Mansour Assery, Jamal Alsanea
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the existing level knowledge and the use of evidence-based dentistry among dental clinicians. Methods and Materials: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted among 400 male and female dental practitioner's working in academic, governmental, and private sectors in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Results: In this study, a total of 400 subjects were recruited of whom 253 (63.3%) were male dental practitioners and 147 (36...
November 2019: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Jacqueline Hoying, Bernadette M Melnyk, Elizabeth Hutson, Alai Tan
BACKGROUND: Graduate and professional students are reported to have higher than average rates of depression compared to age- and gender-matched populations. Further, more than half of student health visits are due to anxiety, yet little is known about the relationships among depression, anxiety, and healthy lifestyle behaviors in this population as well as what factors predict depression and anxiety. AIMS: The purposes of this study were as follows: (a) to examine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, stress, physical health, healthy beliefs, and lifestyle behaviors in incoming first-year health sciences professional students; (b) to describe the relationships among these variables; and (c) to determine predictors of depression and anxiety...
January 8, 2020: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"