Masanao Naya, Tadao Aikawa, Osamu Manabe, Masahiko Obara, Kazuhiro Koyanagawa, Chietsugu Katoh, Nagara Tamaki
Endothelin-1 contributes to the constrictor response of the coronary arteries in patients with ischemia with normal coronary arteries. There is thus increasing evidence that endothelin-1 plays a role in coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD). We investigated whether elevated endothelin-1 is associated with CMD in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We prospectively studied 49 consecutive CAD patients with 1- or 2-vessel disease (age 71 ± 10 years, 43 males). Myocardial blood flow (MBF) was measured by 15 O-water PET/CT at rest and during stress, and the coronary flow reserve (CFR) was calculated by dividing the stress MBF by the rest MBF...
January 23, 2021: Heart and Vessels
Justine M Renauld, William Davis, Tiantian Cai, Claudia Cabrera, Martin L Basch
In the inner ear the neural crest gives rise to the glia of the VIIIth ganglion and two types of melanocytic cells: the pigmented cells of the vestibular system, and intermediate cells of the stria vascularis. We analyzed the transcriptome of neonatal intermediate cells in an effort to better understand the development of the stria vascularis. We found that expression of endothelin receptor B, which is essential for melanocyte development persists in intermediate cells long after birth. In contrast, skin melanocytes rapidly downregulate expression of EdnrB...
January 23, 2021: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
Hemavathy Nagarajan, Umashankar Vetrivel
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the world and is characterized by the loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) over a period of time, leading to complete blindness. Recently, endothelin has been identified as an important factor that influences intraocular pressure IOP, OBF, and direct RGC damage. Targeting the endothelin receptor signaling pathway in glaucoma is considered to be highly beneficial, as it can effectively modulate IOP, OBF, and RGC damage, the key factors which are essential to modulate the disease progression holistically...
January 19, 2021: Life Sciences
Ola Eiken, Antonis Elia, Håkan Sköldefors, Patrik Sundblad, Michail E Keramidas, Roger Kölegård
The aims were to study effects of iterative exposures to moderate elevations of local intravascular pressure on arterial/arteriolar stiffness and plasma levels of vasoactive substances. Pressures in the vasculature of an arm were increased by 150 mmHg in healthy men (n=11) before and after a 5-wk regimen, during which the vasculature in one arm was exposed to fifteen 40-min sessions of moderately increased transmural pressure (+65 to +105 mmHg). This vascular pressure training and the pressure-distension determinations were conducted by exposing the subjects arm versus remaining part of the body to differential ambient pressure...
January 22, 2021: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Tadakatsu Inagaki, James T Pearson, Hirotsugu Tsuchimochi, Daryl O Schwenke, Shigeyoshi Saito, Takahiro Higuchi, Takeshi Masaki, Keiji Umetani, Mikiyasu Shirai, Yoshikazu Nakaoka
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) causes cardiac hypertrophy in the right ventricle (RV), and eventually leads to RV failure due to persistently elevated ventricular afterload. We hypothesized that the mechanical stress on the RV associated with increased afterload impairs vasodilator function of the right coronary artery (RCA) in PH. METHODS AND RESULTS: Coronary vascular response was assessed using microangiography with synchrotron radiation in two well-established PH rat models, monocrotaline injection or the combined exposure to chronic hypoxia and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor blockade with Su5416 (SuHx model)...
January 22, 2021: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
James T Pearson, Hamish P Thambyah, Mark T Waddingham, Tadakatsu Inagaki, Vijayakumar Sukumaran, Jennifer P Ngo, Connie P C Ow, Takashi Sonobe, Yi Ching Chen, Amanda J Edgley, Yutaka Fujii, Cheng-Kun Du, Dong-Yun Zhan, Keiji Umetani, Darren J Kelly, Hirotsugu Tsuchimochi, Mikiyasu Shirai
A high salt intake exacerbates insulin resistance, evoking hypertension due to systemic perivascular inflammation, oxidative-nitrosative stress and endothelial dysfunction. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have been shown to abolish inflammation and redox stress but only partially restore endothelial function in mesenteric vessels. We investigated whether sympatho-adrenal overactivation evokes coronary vascular dysfunction when a high salt intake is combined with insulin resistance in male Goto-Kakizaki (GK) and Wistar rats treated with two different classes of β-blocker or vehicle, utilising synchrotron-based microangiography in vivo...
January 29, 2021: Clinical Science (1979-)
Maísa Maria Spagnol Trento, Ari Ojeda Ocampo Moré, Elisa Cristiana Winkelmann Duarte, Daniel Fernandes Martins
The present study aims to describe state-of-the-art of preclinical studies that have investigated peripheral receptors and neuromediators involved in the antihyperalgesic effects of acupuncture. The PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched using the integrative review method. Preclinical articles that involved the study of peripheral receptors and neuromediators on the pain control effects of acupuncture in rats or mice were selected using a predefined search strategy. From this search, 456 articles were found, and 29 of them met the inclusion criteria of the study...
January 20, 2021: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
C Stadlbauer, S Golovchenko, L Englert, M Spaeth, M Hoenicka, H-S Hofmann, M Ried
Various vasodilator medications are used in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), such as endothelin receptor antagonists (ERA) or phosphodiesterase-5-(PDE-5-)inhibitors. In a human ex vivo model, we investigated whether the combination of two substance classes could achieve a higher effect or - without loss of vasodilatation - a lower dosage of the individual substances might be sufficient. We established an ex vivo organ bath model to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of ERA and PDE-5-inhibitors on pulmonary vessels harvested from patients who underwent surgery (lung resection/transplantation)...
January 20, 2021: Pneumologie
P Vishnyakova, A Poltavets, M Nikitina, K Muminova, A Potapova, V Vtorushina, N Loginova, K Midiber, L Mikhaleva, A Lokhonina, Z Khodzhaeva, A Pyregov, A Elchaninov, T Fatkhudinov, G Sukhikh
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific complication characterized by hypertension in combination with proteinuria and/or various manifestations of multiple organ failure. It is believed that etiology of preeclampsia lies in dysfunction of the placenta and disorder of the maternal-fetal interactions. In preeclampsia decidual membrane, the maternal part of the placenta which normally supports immunological tolerance of the maternal organism to the semi-allogeneic fetus, becomes a site of inflammation...
January 12, 2021: Placenta
Shun Zhou, Chengyi Huang, Wei Wang, Juan Liu
BACKGROUND: MiR-370-3p has been demonstrated to be downregulated in patients with endometriosis (EM). However, its role and molecular mechanisms in the progression of EM remain unclear. METHODS: Real-time PCR was used to measure the expression of miR-370-3p and EDN1 in patients with or without EM. After miR-370-3p overexpression or knockdown in ectopic endometrial hEM15A cells, the changes in the proliferation, apoptosis, and migration and invasion capacities were detected by using CCK-8, flow cytometry, and transwell methods...
January 20, 2021: Cell Biology International
Karin Jandeleit-Dahm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2021: Cardiovascular Research
Xin Zhang, Can Hu, Yu-Pei Yuan, Peng Song, Chun-Yan Kong, Hai-Ming Wu, Si-Chi Xu, Zhen-Guo Ma, Qi-Zhu Tang
Cardiac endothelium communicates closely with adjacent cardiac cells by multiple cytokines and plays critical roles in regulating fibroblasts proliferation, activation, and collagen synthesis during cardiac fibrosis. E26 transformation-specific (ETS)-related gene (ERG) belongs to the ETS transcriptional factor family and is required for endothelial cells (ECs) homeostasis and cardiac development. This study aims at investigating the potential role and molecular basis of ERG in fibrotic remodeling within the adult heart...
January 20, 2021: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Katarzyna Powierza, Jolanta Sawicka-Powierza, Beata Urban, Beata Żelazowska-Rutkowska, Bogdan Cylwik, Bożena Mikołuć, Olga Kowalewska, Alina Bakunowicz-Łazarczyk
Purpose: The aim of our study was to determine endothelin-1 (ET-1) concentration in chronic idiopathic uveitis in children and adolescents depending on anatomical location and grade of inflammation. Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted among 17 patients with chronic idiopathic uveitis and 22 healthy controls. Concentration of ET-1 in serum was determined using a commercially available ELISA kit. The concentration of C reactive protein (CRP) in serum was determined by immunoturbidimetric method using CRP4 reagent kit (Roche Diagnostics GmbH, Mannheim, Germany)...
2021: Clinical Ophthalmology
Marie Piollet, Adrian Sturza, Stéphanie Chadet, Claudie Gabillard-Lefort, Lauriane Benoist, Danina-Mirela Muntean, Oana-Maria Aburel, Denis Angoulvant, Fabrice Ivanes
Vascular dysfunction in cardiovascular diseases includes vasomotor response impairments, endothelial cells (ECs) activation, and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) proliferation and migration to the intima. This results in intimal hyperplasia and vessel failure. We previously reported that activation of the P2Y11 receptor (P2Y11R) in human dendritic cells, cardiofibroblasts and cardiomyocytes was protective against hypoxia/reoxygenation (HR) lesions. In this study, we investigated the role of P2Y11R signaling in vascular dysfunction...
January 16, 2021: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Marko Žarak, Antonija Perović, Marina Njire Bratičević, Sandra Šupraha Goreta, Jerka Dumić
It has been shown that one recreational SCUBA (rSCUBA) diving session is sufficient to cause changes in plasma level of cardiovascular (CV) and muscular biomarkers. To explore whether repetitive rSCUBA diving triggers an adaptive response of the CV, muscular, and immune system, we measured the cardiac damage (NT-proBNP, hs-TnI, and CK-MB), muscle damage (myoglobin (Mb), galectin-3, CK, and LDH), vascular endothelial activation (ET-1 and VEGF), and inflammatory (leukocyte count (Lkc), CRP, and IL-6) biomarkers...
January 2021: Physiological Reports
L A Lomba, M C G Leite-Avalca, A R Zampronio
Previous studies have demonstrated that endothelin-1 (ET-1) is involved in the febrile response induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in male and female rats. This peptide induces fever acting on ETB receptors in the central nervous system. However, during sepsis, endothelinergic ETA receptors in the brain also exert an important role reducing the mortality of the animals. The present study evaluated the participation of ETA receptors in the febrile response induced by different doses LPS in rats. Male Wistar rats were treated with the ETA receptor antagonist BQ123 before or after the injection of a low dose (10 μg/kg) or a high dose (200 μg/kg) of LPS intraperitoneally...
January 2021: Journal of Thermal Biology
Cherry Wongtrakool, Junsuk Ko, Andrew J Jang, Kora Grooms, Sarah Chang, Cory Sylber, Beata Kosmider, Karim Bahmed, Michael R Blackburn, Roy L Sutliff, C Michael Hart, Changwon Park, Toru Nyunoya, Michael J Passineau, Qing Lu, Bum-Yong Kang
Evolving evidence suggests that nicotine may contribute to impaired asthma control by stimulating expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), a neurotrophin associated with airway remodeling and airway hyperresponsiveness. We explored the hypothesis that nicotine increases NGF by reducing lung fibroblast (LF) microRNA-98 (miR-98) and PPARγ levels, thus promoting airway remodeling. Levels of NGF, miR-98, PPARγ, fibronectin 1 (FN1), endothelin-1 (EDN1, herein referred to as ET-1), and collagen (COL1A1 and COL3A1) were measured in human LFs isolated from smoking donors, in mouse primary LFs exposed to nicotine (50 μg/ml), and in whole lung homogenates from mice chronically exposed to nicotine (100 μg/ml) in the drinking water...
December 25, 2020: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yumna El-Hakim, Kathiresh Kumar Mani, Amir Eldouh, Sivani Pandey, Maria T Grimaldo, Alan Dabney, Rachel Pilla, Farida Sohrabji
BACKGROUND: Sex differences in experimental stroke outcomes are well documented, such that adult males have a greater infarct volume, increased stroke-induced mortality, and more severe sensory-motor impairment. Based on recent evidence that the gut is an early responder to stroke, the present study tested the hypothesis that sex differences in stroke severity will be accompanied by rapid and greater permeability of the gut-blood barrier and gut dysbiosis in males as compared to females...
January 15, 2021: Biology of Sex Differences
John G Kingma, Ismail Laher
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sex dependent differences in coronary artery vasoregulation may be due to variations in responses to endogenous vasoactive compounds including endothelin (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO). METHODS: Septal coronary arteries (<200 μm) from healthy, sexually mature male, female and ovariectomized (i.e. surgical menopause) Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Myogenic tone, measured by pressure myography, was initially determined for all vessel segments studied before and after exposure to the nonselective ETA /ETB receptor blocker, bosentan (1 μM)...
January 11, 2021: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Navin Suthahar, Laura M G Meems, Dion Groothof, Stephan J L Bakker, Ron T Gansevoort, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Rudolf A de Boer
BACKGROUND: There are limited data examining whether body-mass index (BMI) influences the association between cardiovascular biomarkers and incident heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirteen biomarkers representing key HF domains were measured: N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), mid-regional-pro-A-type natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), cardiac troponin-T (cTnT), C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, galectin-3, C-terminal pro-endothelin-1 (CT-pro-ET-1), mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, copeptin, renin, aldosterone and cystatin-C...
January 14, 2021: European Journal of Heart Failure
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