Keywords Remifentanil sedation intensiv...

Remifentanil sedation intensive care extubation
Ling-Shan Yu, Yu-Qing Lei, Jian-Feng Liu, Jing Wang, Hua Cao, Zeng-Chun Wang, Qiang Chen
BACKGROUND: To investigate the safety and efficacy of remifentanil combined with dexmedetomidine in fast-track cardiac anesthesia (FTCA) for transthoracic device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) in pediatric patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 61 cases of children undergoing ASD closure through a small thoracic incision from January 2018 to January 2020. According to whether FTCA was administered, they were divided into group F (fast-track anesthesia, n = 31) and group R (routine anesthesia, n = 30)...
March 4, 2021: Heart Surgery Forum
Pierre Squara, Thierry Chazot, Geoffroy Auboin, Marc Fischler, Jean-François Dreyfus, Morgan Le Guen, Ngai Liu
A dual-loop controller permits the automated titration of propofol and remifentanil during anesthesia; it has never been used in intensive care after cardiac surgery. The goal of this preliminary study was to determine the efficacy of this controller to provide postoperative sedation in 19 adult cardiac surgery patients with a Bispectral Index target of 50. Results are presented as numbers (percentages) or medians [25th-75th percentiles]. The sedation period lasted 139 min [89-205] during which the Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale was at - 5 and the Behavioral Pain Scale score at three points for all patients and observation times but one (82 out of 83 assessments)...
July 20, 2019: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Xiao-Fang Cai, Fu-Rong Zhang, Long Zhang, Ji-Min Sun, Wen-Bin Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of different analgesic and sedative treatments in children with mechanical ventilation in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: Eighty children with mechanical ventilation in the PICU who needed analgesic and sedative treatments were equally and randomly divided into midazolam group and remifentanil+midazolam group. The sedative and analgesic effects were assessed using the Ramsay Scale and the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry and Consolability (FLACC) Scale...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
James L Hungerford, Nicole O'Brien, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Eric A Sribnick, Cheryl Sargel, Mark Hall, Jeffrey R Leonard, Joseph D Tobias
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether remifentanil would provide adequate sedation while allowing frequent and reproducible neurologic assessments in children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with traumatic brain injury (TBI) during mechanical ventilation. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Tertiary care PICU. PATIENTS: Thirty-eight patients over a 30-month period. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Median age was 9 years (interquartile range [IQR] 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Jeffrey Naples, Mark W Hall, Joseph D Tobias
Sedation is generally required during endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation in infants and children. While there are many options for the provision of sedation, the most commonly used agents such as midazolam and fentanyl demonstrate a context-sensitive half-life, which may result in a prolonged effect when these agents are discontinued following a continuous infusion. We present a 20-month-old infant who required endotracheal intubation due to respiratory failure following seizures. At the referring hospital, multiple laryngoscopies were performed with the potential for airway trauma...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
Ellen H M de Kort, Lidwien M Hanff, Daniella Roofthooft, Irwin K M Reiss, Sinno H P Simons
BACKGROUND: Neonatal intubation is stressful and should be performed with premedication. In the case of an INSURE (intubation/surfactant/extubation) procedure a short duration of action of the premedication used is needed to facilitate fast extubation. Given its pharmacological profile, remifentanil seems a suitable candidate. OBJECTIVES: The aim here was to evaluate the effect and side effects of remifentanil as a premedication for preterm neonates undergoing INSURE...
2017: Neonatology
Gillian M Keating
Dexmedetomidine (Dexdor(®)) is a highly selective α2-adrenoceptor agonist. It has sedative, analgesic and opioid-sparing effects and is suitable for short- and longer-term sedation in an intensive care setting. In the randomized, double-blind, multicentre MIDEX and PRODEX trials, longer-term sedation with dexmedetomidine was noninferior to midazolam and propofol in terms of time spent at the target sedation range, as well as being associated with a shorter time to extubation than midazolam or propofol, and a shorter duration of mechanical ventilation than midazolam...
July 2015: Drugs
Christian Dualé, Hugues Julien, Bruno Pereira, Bertrand Abbal, Charlotte Baud, Pierre Schoeffler
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether pupil diameter (PD) measured during scotopic conditions is influenced by pain in conscious patients in the early postoperative period. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, cohort study. SETTING: Single-center, postanesthesia care unit (PACU). PATIENTS: Patients scheduled for a surgery during general anesthesia. INTERVENTIONS: Baseline PD was measured the day before surgery...
February 2015: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Jae Bum Park, Seung Ho Bang, Hyun Keun Chee, Jun Seok Kim, Song Am Lee, Je Kyoun Shin
BACKGROUND: Delirium after cardiac surgery is associated with serious long-term negative outcomes and high costs. The aim of this study is to evaluate neurobehavioral, hemodynamic, and sedative characteristics of dexmedetomidine, compared with the current postoperative sedative protocol (remifentanil) in patients undergoing open heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: One hundred and forty two eligible patients who underwent cardiac surgery on CPB between April 2012 and March 2013 were randomly divided into two groups...
June 2014: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Daniela Avino, Wei-Hong Zhang, Andrée De Villé, Anne-Britt Johansson
OBJECTIVE: To compare remifentanil and morphine-midazolam for use in nonurgent endotracheal intubation in neonates. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective noninferiority randomized trial, newborns of gestational age ≥28 weeks admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit requiring an elective or semielective endotracheal intubation were divided into 2 groups. One group (n = 36) received remifentanil (1 μg/kg), and the other group (n = 35) received morphine (100 μg/kg) and midazolam (50 μg/kg) at a predefined time before intubation (different in each group), to optimize the peak effect of each drug...
May 2014: Journal of Pediatrics
Lars Welzing, Florian Link, Shino Junghaenel, Andre Oberthuer, Urs Harnischmacher, Hartmut Stuetzer, Bernhard Roth
BACKGROUND: Short-acting opioids like remifentanil are suspected of an increased risk for tolerance, withdrawal and opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). These potential adverse effects have never been investigated in neonates. OBJECTIVES: To compare remifentanil and fentanyl concerning the incidence of tolerance, withdrawal and OIH. METHODS: 23 mechanically ventilated infants received up to 96 h either a remifentanil- or fentanyl-based analgesia and sedation regimen with low-dose midazolam...
2013: Neonatology
Eddie Maraboto
When the clinical picture of a patient in the intensive care unit necessitates placement of an artificial airway supported by mechanical ventilation, a regimen of sedation and analgesia is initiated with the goal of providing anxiolysis and pain control to facilitate ventilation and therapeutic and diagnostic intervention. However, some of the most commonly used sedative agents, such as benzodiazepines, may have profound long-term effects on patients' health, including neuropsychological functioning. With more patients now surviving intensive care, more patients are suffering from these negative health consequences...
April 2013: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Ibrahim Abu-Kishk, Eran Kozer, Roei Hod-Feins, Yoram Anekstein, Yigal Mirovsky, Baruch Klin, Gideon Eshel
BACKGROUND: It is common practice for patients to be admitted to the intensive care unit following scoliosis surgery, because of the prolonged anesthesia, the need for efficient pain control and the known immediate postoperative complications. However, this may be unnecessary in many patients. PURPOSE: We aimed to establish possible associations between pre- and perioperative parameters and early postoperative complication rates, in particular the need for prolonged mechanical ventilation (>1 day), and the presence of major complications in children undergoing primary spinal fusion by thoracolumbar spine instrumentation...
March 2013: Paediatric Anaesthesia
S Y Kim, S Y Yang, S W Na, Y Y Jo, S O Koh
Discontinuation of sedatives for ventilator weaning and extubation can be associated with hyperdynamic responses, including hypertension and tachycardia. We examined the effects of a maintained low dose of remifentanil infusion on cardiovascular responses and coughing during extubation in postoperative intensive care unit patients sedated with propofol-remifentanil. Fifty patients who required mechanical ventilation after major abdominal surgery were randomised into remifentanil group (n=25) or control group (n=25)...
July 2012: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
C J Prieto Vera, E del Cojo Peces, J P Macías Pingarrón, A Asencio Moreno, B Andújar Quirós, I Gragera Collado
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of using the Anesthetic Conserving Device (AnaConDa) when maintaining sedation after cardiac surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive study of 46 consecutive patients in the postoperative recovery unit after cardiac surgery between January and April 2009. The patients were under sevoflurane sedation administered with the AnaConDa placed in the inhalation tube. No exclusion criteria were established before enrollment...
August 2011: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Malcie Mesnil, Xavier Capdevila, Sophie Bringuier, Pierre-Olivier Trine, Yoan Falquet, Jonathan Charbit, Jean-Paul Roustan, Gerald Chanques, Samir Jaber
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and adverse events related to inhaled sevoflurane for long-term sedation compared with standard intravenous (i.v.) sedation with propofol or midazolam. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial. Sixty intensive care unit (ICU) patients expected to require more than 24 h sedation were randomly assigned to one of three groups: group S, inhaled sevoflurane; group P, i.v. propofol; group M, i.v. midazolam. All patients also received i.v. remifentanil for goal-directed sedation (Ramsay scale and pain score) until extubation or for a maximum of 96 h...
June 2011: Intensive Care Medicine
Laura Ruggeri, Giovanni Landoni, Fabio Guarracino, Sabino Scolletta, Elena Bignami, Alberto Zangrillo
Remifentanil has a unique pharmacokinetic profile, with a rapid onset and offset of action and a plasmatic metabolism. Its use can be recommended even in patients with renal impairment, hepatic dysfunction or poor cardiovascular function. A potential protective cardiac preconditioning effect has been suggested. Drug-related adverse effects seem to be comparable with other opioids. In cardiac surgery, many randomized controlled trials demonstrated that the potential benefits of the use of remifentanil not only include a profound protection against intraoperative stressful stimuli, but also rapid postoperative recovery, early weaning from mechanical ventilation, and extubation...
January 2011: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Lars Welzing, Anne Vierzig, Shino Junghaenel, Frank Eifinger, Andre Oberthuer, Uwe Trieschmann, Bernhard Roth
Mechanically ventilated pediatric intensive care patients usually receive an analgesic and sedative to keep them comfortable and safe. However, common drugs like fentanyl and midazolam have a long context sensitive half time, resulting in prolonged sedation and an unpredictable extubation time. Children often awake slowly and struggle against the respirator, although their respiratory drive and their airway reflexes are not yet sufficient for extubation. In this pilot study, we replaced fentanyl and midazolam at the final phase of the weaning process with remifentanil and propofol...
April 2011: European Journal of Pediatrics
Tomohiro Suhara, Kiyoshi Moriyama, Yuki Hosokawa, Kimiaki Ai, Junzo Takeda
A 48-year-old woman was diagnosed with cavernous hemangioma of hypopharynx and larynx, which extended to the trachea and mediastinum. She was scheduled for tracheostomy and open surgical excision of hypopharynx hemangioma under general anesthesia. On induction of anesthesia, we planned awake fiberoptic intubation according to the difficult airway algorithm of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. Under continuous infusion of remifentanil at 0.1-0.2 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1), the patient became sedated while spontaneously breathing, and her pain and laryngeal reflexes were reduced...
May 2010: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Ingrid Egerod, Malene Brorsen Jensen, Suzanne Forsyth Herling, Karen-Lise Welling
INTRODUCTION: Sedation protocols are needed for neurointensive patients. The aim of this pilot study was to describe sedation practice at a neurointensive care unit and to assess the feasibility and efficacy of a new sedation protocol. The primary outcomes were a shift from sedation-based to analgesia-based sedation and improved pain management. The secondary outcomes were a reduction in unplanned extubations and duration of sedation. METHODS: This was a two-phase (before-after), prospective controlled study at a university-affiliated, 14-bed neurointensive care unit in Denmark...
2010: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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