Galateia Katzouraki, Elias S Vasiliadis, Vasileios Marougklianis, Dimitrios Stergios Evangelopoulos, Spyros G Pneumaticos
The aim of this systematic review is to distinguish the clinical features of immunocompetent children with non-typhoid Salmonella spondylodiscitis and summarize the diagnosis, diagnostic tools, and treatment methods to guide clinicians. The review was conducted according to the preferred PRISMA guidelines. We conducted a literature search in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases. Article screening, data extraction, and study evaluation were performed by two independent reviewers. A total of 20 articles, published between 1977 and 2020, were selected, which included 21 patients with average age of 12...
November 29, 2022: Children
Mariana Dumitru Taliha, Eric Balti, Evelyne Maillart, Sophie Leemans, Maxime Taghavi, Sergiu-Andrei Carausu, Said Sanoussi, Bhavna Mahadeb, Philippe Clevenbergh
Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) disease is usually a self-limiting infection presenting with digestive symptoms. However, disseminated presentation with involvement of secondary infectious sites is observed. We report diagnostic specificities and challenges related to the management of three patients with invasive NTS (iNTS) and secondary infectious locations. Among the seven patients (age range 46 - 83 years), four (two with extra-digestive infectious sites) had at least one immune debilitating condition. Two patients were incidentally discovered with iNTS and deceased after developing a septic shock despite antimicrobial treatment...
2022: IDCases
Ta-Li Hsu, Chia-Jui Yang, Jwo-Luen Pao
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare but severe infection with potentially devastating consequences. Epidural abscesses caused by Salmonella serogroup C2 are even rarer and tend to be more invasive with multidrug resistance. Early diagnosis, effective use of antibiotics and surgical intervention are the mainstay strategies for managing SEA, especially for more virulent and multidrug-resistant Salmonella infections. This case report presents a rare case of an elderly and fragile woman with Salmonella spondylodiscitis and an extensive epidural abscess, which were successfully treated with intravenous antibiotics and unilateral biportal endoscopic (UBE) debridement and drainage through four small surgical incisions...
March 2022: Journal of International Medical Research
Kavitha Saravu, Shyamasunder N Bhat, Nitin Gupta
Salmonella Typhi is very rarely associated with focal bone and joint complications. Classically, they are described in patients with risk factors such as haemoglobinopathies. We report four cases of spondylodiscitis, where the aetiology was found to be Salmonella Typhi . All four cases were treated successfully with variable duration of ceftriaxone followed by cotrimoxazole. We report these cases to highlight the importance of obtaining a microbiological diagnosis and the possibility of a rare infection in endemic settings...
November 2021: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Muhammad Zaki, Mohd Hisam Muhammad Ariffin
For patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis, medical therapy with antibiotics is the first line of treatment. Response to antibiotics can be assessed by improvement of symptoms, reduction in inflammatory markers, and radiological evidence of infection resolution with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We report a case of a 60-year-old man who presented with intermittent fever and persistent back pain. He was initially treated with an intravenous antibiotic for sepsis secondary to Salmonella enteritidis bacteremia...
September 2021: Curēus
Sohini Das, Rini Bandyopadhyay, Samuel G Hansdak
Spondylodiscitis due to typhoidal Salmonella presents a therapeutic challenge for clinicians. Factors that complicate treatment include drug-resistant strains, poor antibiotic bone penetration, potential for neurological compromise and lack of established protocols and guidelines. We discuss a 57-year-old man with Salmonella paratyphi A spondylodiscitis involving lower thoracic vertebrae and discuss various aspects of management.
January 2021: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Jian Hui Ng, Kenneth Wei Jian Heng
Infected aortic aneurysm is a rare disease and is often overlooked as a source of infection in septic elderly patients. We present a case of a septic elderly man with a ruptured infected aortic aneurysm caused by Salmonella enteritidis This condition was treated non-surgically with percutaneous endovascular aneurysm repair and antibiotics. The postoperative recovery was complicated a month later by spondylodiscitis and psoas abscess. He underwent radiologically guided drainage of the psoas abscess and was placed on lifelong suppressive antibiotics...
February 4, 2021: BMJ Case Reports
Weike Cheng, Kejian Lian, Deqing Luo, Dasheng Lin, Wanqiang Feng, Hang Xian, Tongtao Li
RATIONALE: Salmonella osteomyelitis is an uncommon complication of salmonella infection, especially the salmonella vertebral osteomyelitis (SVO). PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported a case of a 29-year-old female who presented with serious lower back pain and severe limitation of motion for 50 days with no obvious inducements. She once had a fever up to 39.5°C. Physical examination only revealed limited motion of lower back without neurological complications. The laboratory results revealed no specificity...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Neil Tuttle, Alexandra Brelis, Rachel Brereton, Kerrie Evans
A 54-year-old woman presented to a Sports Physician with a 4-year history of haemochromatosis, and she had a medical history that included a congenital spondylolisthesis resulting in a fusion of L4-S1 at age 16 years, episodic mechanical low back pain and an absence of other significant musculoskeletal symptoms. On presentation, she reported 18 months of severe low back pain that started after a scuba diving trip. After the onset of this low back pain, she developed gastrointestinal symptoms from Salmonella The gastrointestinal symptoms improved with a course of antibiotics, but the back pain persisted in spite of analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories and several attempts at different conservative management...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Barnini Banerjee, Mridula Madiyal, Pai K Madhava, Manali Agarwal, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay
Salmonella Typhi cause a broad spectrum of human illnesses like gastroenteritis, typhoid fever, and bacteremia. It has also been recognized as a causative organism of osteomyelitis for more than a century but the incidence appears to be uncommon. Microbiological workup plays important role in the diagnosis of Typhoid spondylodiscitis as most of the time it mimics tuberculosis and misguide the clinician, especially in the developing world. Here, we reported an uncommon case of lumbar spondylodiscitis by Salmonella Typhi in an immunocompetent teenager, with the help of clinical, microbiological and radiological evidence...
January 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Ferdhany Muhamad Effendi, Mohd Ikraam Ibrahim, Mohd Fairudz Mohd Miswan
Extraintestinal Salmonella infection involving the thoracic spine is very rare. It commonly presents with non-specific chronic back pain and can occur with no gastrointestinal manifestation. Blood test results and imaging findings are often indistinguishable from more common chronic spine infections such as spine tuberculosis. Culture studies remain the key to establishing a definitive diagnosis and subsequently successful treatment. We report a case in which a patient presented with symptoms and signs suggestive of spine tuberculosis, yet the culture examination revealed otherwise...
July 5, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Hau Wei Khoo, Ying Ying Chua, John L T Chen
Salmonella vertebral osteomyelitis is an uncommon complication of Salmonella infection. We report a case of a 57-year-old transgender male who presented with lower back pain for a period of one month following a fall. Physical examination only revealed tenderness over the lower back with no neurological deficits. MRI of the thoracic and lumbar spine revealed a spondylodiscitis at T10-T11 and T12-L1 and right posterior epidural collection at the T9-T10 level. He underwent decompression laminectomy with segmental instrumentation and fusion of T8 to L3 vertebrae...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Ebru Kurşun, Tuba Turunç, Uğur Ozkan, Yusuf Ziya Demiroğlu
The rate of non-typhoid Salmonella infections has increased remarkably in recent years. Endovascular system infection is one of the most serious forms of extraintestinal Salmonella infection. The abdominal aorta is frequently involved, while bone and joint involvement are rarely seen. We present a rare case of successful endovascular treatment of a left iliac artery rupture and pseudoaneurysm both occurring due to the direct invasion of lumbar spondylodiscitis caused by Salmonella typhimurium.
2014: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Michal Tomek, Nicholas J W Cheshire, Nung Rudarakanchana, Dunisha Samarasinghe, Colin D Bicknell
Non-typhoidal Salmonella infections typically cause self-limiting gastroenteritis. However, extraintestinal focal infections, including mycotic aneurysms of the aorta, can also occur. We present the case of a 71-year-old man with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and a large type V thoracoabdominal mycotic aneurysm infected with Salmonella enteritidis, complicated by thoracolumbar spondylodiscitis, paravertebral collections, and epidural abscess. This is the first report of Salmonella aortitis in the setting of CLL, and the unusual extent of local infective invasion seen here with Salmonella enteritidis infection raises a suspicion of CLL-related immunosuppression as a direct predisposing factor...
November 2013: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Davide Tassinari, Sara Forti, Michele Torella, Giovanni Tani
We describe the case of a 3-year-old girl with a 15-day clinical history of lower back pain. We diagnosed a spondylodiscitis of vertebral bodies L5-S1 caused by Salmonella species group B that totally recovered with appropriate antibiotic therapy. Spondylodiscitis in children is a rare condition and Salmonella infection is one of the rarest aetiology. A high index of suspicion is needed for prompt diagnosis to ensure better long-term outcome. Microbiological diagnosis is essential for the appropriate choice of antibiotic treatment...
2013: BMJ Case Reports
Raoul Borioni, Laura Fratticci, Mauro Di Roma, Armando Mancinelli, Barbara Zechini, Ilaria Versace, Franco Turani, Mariano Garofalo
AIM: To report surgical treatment of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) associated with spondylodiscitis due to Salmonella in emergency setting. CASE REPORT: A 69-year-old male with an history of hypertension, presented with a ruptured AAA infected by nontyphoidal Salmonella (type H), associated with spondylodiscitis. Patient underwent an emergency operation consisting in surgical debridment of infected tissue and aortic replacement with a prosthetic Dacron graft impregnated with Gentamycine...
July 2012: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Klodiana Shkurti-Leka, Dhimiter Kraja, Nikollaq Leka, Gjergji Vreto, Kastriot Melyshi, Genti Kasmi
Salmonella is a gram-negative bacillus that penetrates in human from contaminated food or water. Sallmonela spondylodiscitis is a rare condition occur secondary to hematogenous spread after bacteremia episode. We presented a successful treatment with Levofloxacin in a 26 years old immunocompetent male with a septic form of sallmonelosis complicated with lumbar spondylodiscitis without surgery. He was treated with intravenous Levofloxacin for three weeks and was discharged from the hospital with oral Levofloxacin for more than two months...
2011: Medicinski Arhiv
Rohit Amritanand, K Venkatesh, Gabriel D Sundararaj
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical features, diagnostic dilemmas and management options of 11 immunologically normal patients with salmonella spondylodiscitis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Majority of existing data on salmonella spondylodiscitis in the immunologically normal patient is from anecdotal case report. METHODS: From 1995 to 2008, 11 patients with salmonella spondylodiscitis proven by positive culture, biopsy, and Widal test were included...
November 1, 2010: Spine
Gompol Suwanpimolkul, Sumanee Nilgate, Chusana Suankratay
We describe the first case of typhoid spondylodiscitis in Southeast Asia, and the literature were also reviewed. A 57-year-old diabetic Thai man who presented with a one-month course of progressive low back pain associated with paraparesis and bowel-bladder dysfunction. Examination revealed local tenderness over T12 area, spastic paraparesis, impaired pinprick sensation up to T12 level, and loose anal sphincter tone. Magnetic resonance imaging showed spondylodiscitis of T11 and T12 and epidural abscess causing spinal cord compression...
January 2010: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand
Thomas J Learch, Brian Sakamoto, Amy C Ling, Suzanne M Donovan
Each year, 1.4 million people in the United States are infected with Salmonella (Beneson et al. [23] Am J Med, 110:60-63, 2001). The most common clinical presentation of Salmonella infection is gastroenteritis which is usually self-limited, lasting between one to four days (Black et al. [24] N Engl J Med, 261:811-816, 1960). Although most infections are mild-to-moderate, serious disease, and death does occur (Voetsch et al. [25] CID, 38:S127-S132, 2004). A rare but increasing number of patients present with Salmonellosis spondylodiscitis resulting from contiguous spread of infection from the adjacent abdominal aorta...
March 2009: Emergency Radiology
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