fetal cardiac disease | Page 11

Neil Patel, Anna Claudia Massolo, Anshuman Paria, Emily J Stenhouse, Lindsey Hunter, Emma Finlay, Carl F Davis
OBJECTIVE: To assess patterns of postnatal ventricular function and their relationship to prenatal and postnatal markers of disease severity in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). STUDY DESIGN: In this observational case-control study of cardiac function in infants with CDH in the first 5 days of life, systolic and diastolic function in the right ventricle (RV) and left ventricle (LV) were assessed using speckle tracking echocardiography-derived global strain and tissue Doppler imaging...
December 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Scott A Booth, Glenn D Wadley, Francine Z Marques, Mary E Wlodek, Fadi J Charchar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fetal and postnatal growth restriction predispose to cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adulthood. Telomeres are repetitive DNA-protein structures that protect chromosome ends, and the loss of these repeats (a reduction in telomere length) is associated with CVD. As exercise preserves telomere length and cardiovascular health, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of growth restriction and exercise training on cardiac telomere length and telomeric genes...
September 7, 2018: Physiological Genomics
Marcello Niceta, Sabina Barresi, Francesca Pantaleoni, Rossella Capolino, Maria Lisa Dentici, Andrea Ciolfi, Simone Pizzi, Andrea Bartuli, Bruno Dallapiccola, Marco Tartaglia, Maria Cristina Digilio
TARP syndrome (TARPS) is an X-linked syndromic condition including Robin sequence, congenital heart defects, developmental delay, feeding difficulties and talipes equinovarus, as major features. The disease is caused by inactivating mutations in RBM10 which encodes for a RNA binding motif protein involved in transcript processing. We herein report a male born from healthy and non-consanguineous parents, presenting prenatal record of intrauterine fetal growth retardation, and postnatal features including growth and developmental delays, CNS abnormalities, facial dysmorphisms, bilateral syndactyly at the hands, talipes equinovarus and congenital heart defects...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Anna Walch, Madeline Duke, Travis Auty, Audris Wong
We present a case of a 39-year-old G8P6 Pacific Islander woman who at 15+5 weeks' gestation had an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest secondary to profound hypokalaemia which was associated with severe hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). Her clinical course after arrest was complicated by a second 5-minute cardiac arrest in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) (pre-arrest potassium 1.8), anuric renal failure requiring dialysis, ischaemic hepatitis, and encephalopathy and unfortunately fetal demise and a spontaneous miscarriage on day 2 of admission...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
S Yousuf, N Akhter, S Arzoo, B Ferdous
Misoprostol has been widely used in Obstetrics and Gynecology for cervical priming, medical abortion and induction of labour. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravaginal misoprostol in mid-trimester medical termination of pregnancy. This non-randomized clinical trial was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2007 to June 2008 for a period of one year. Primi- or multigravid women with 13 to 28 weeks of singleton pregnancy, fetal congenital malformation and missed abortion who were selected for medical termination of pregnancy were included in this study...
July 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Shiyu Luo, Dahua Meng, Qifei Li, Xuehua Hu, Yuhua Chen, Chun He, Bobo Xie, Shangyang She, Yingfeng Li, Chunyun Fu
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHD), as the most common congenital anomaly, have been reported to be associated with chromosomal abnormalities. Currently, patients with CHD are routinely offered karyotyping and chromosomal microarray (CMA) testing, but the genotype-phenotype relationship has not yet been fully established. OBJECTIVE: To determine the type and frequency of chromosomal abnormalities in fetuses with CHD and to analyze pregnancy outcomes of fetuses with heart abnormalities caused by different genetic factors...
October 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Stephanie Brun, Emilie L'Ecuyer, Annie Dore, François-Pierre Mongeon, Aude-Christine Guedon, Line Leduc
RATIONALE: It is known that fetal growth is usually proportional to left-sided cardiac output (CO) which parallels the right-sided CO and that congenital right-sided lesions are usually associated with better perinatal outcomes than left-sided lesions. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to document whether newborns from mothers with severe residual pulmonary valve insufficiency (PI) after surgical tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) or pulmonary stenosis (PS) correction have lower birth weight (BW) than newborns from mothers with absent, mild or moderate PI...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Hong-Yu Duan, Kai-Yu Zhou, Tao Wang, Yi Zhang, Yi-Fei Li, Yi-Min Hua, Chuan Wang
Background: Valproic acid (VPA) exposure during pregnancy has been proven to contribute to congenital heart disease (CHD). Our previous findings implied that disruption of planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathway in cardiomyocytes might be a factor for the cardiac teratogenesis of VPA. In addition, the teratogenic ability of VPA is positively correlated to its histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition activity. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the VPA on cardiac morphogenesis, HDAC1/2/3, and PCP key genes (Vangl2/Scrib/Rac1), subsequently screening out the specific HDACs regulating PCP pathway...
September 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Mitsuhiro Tsuritani, Yoshiaki Morita, Takekazu Miyoshi, Kenichi Kurosaki, Jun Yoshimatsu
OBJECTIVE: We attempted to evaluate fetal cardiac activity of congenital heart disease (CHD) and normal heart fetuses by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We evaluated the fetal cardiac functional assessment and the blood flow of descending aorta at 34 weeks' gestation or more by MRI and compared the results with ultrasonography findings. We measured 6 normal heart fetuses and 14 CHD fetuses. RESULTS: The ejection fraction (EF) and descending aorta blood flow in the CHD group were 76...
January 2019: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Jennifer Webb, Meghan Delaney
Alloimmunization to red blood cell (RBC) antigens represents a challenge for physicians caring for women of child bearing potential. Exposure to non-self RBC antigens may occur during transfusion or pregnancy leading to the development of antibodies. If a subsequent fetus bears that antigen, maternal antibodies may attack the fetal red blood cells causing red cell destruction and clinically significant hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). In the most severe cases, HDFN may result in intrauterine fetal demise due to high output cardiac failure, effusions and ascites, known as "hydrops fetalis"...
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Sonnet S Jonker, Samantha Louey, Charles E Roselli
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a complex and common disorder in women, and those affected experience an increased burden of cardiovascular disease. It is an intergenerational syndrome, as affected women with high androgen levels during pregnancy "program" fetal development, leading to a similar phenotype in their female offspring. The effect of excess maternal testosterone exposure on fetal cardiomyocyte growth and maturation is unknown. Pregnant ewes received biweekly injections of vehicle (control) or 100 mg testosterone propionate between 30 and 59 days of gestation (early T) or between 60 and 90 days of gestation (late T)...
November 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Bob Smit, Yvo M Smulders, Etto C Eringa, Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten, Armand R J Girbes, Kimberley E Wever, Carlijn R Hooijmans, Angelique M E Spoelstra-de Man
BACKGROUND: Arterial hyperoxia may induce vasoconstriction and reduce cardiac output, which is particularly undesirable in patients who already have compromised perfusion of vital organs. Due to the inaccessibility of vital organs in humans, vasoconstrictive effects of hyperoxia have primarily been studied in animal models. However, the results of these studies vary substantially. Here, we investigate the variation in magnitude of the hyperoxia effect among studies and explore possible sources of heterogeneity, such as vascular region and animal species...
August 4, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Erica Schindewolf, Nahla Khalek, Mark P Johnson, Juliana Gebb, Beverly Coleman, Terrence Blaine Crowley, Elaine H Zackai, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, Julie S Moldenhauer
22q deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is most often correlated prenatally with congenital heart disease and or cleft palate. The extracardiac fetal phenotype associated with 22q11.2DS is not well described. We sought to review both the fetal cardiac and extracardiac findings associated with a cohort of cases ascertained prenatally, confirmed or suspected to have 22q11.2DS, born and cared for in one center. A retrospective chart review was performed on a total of 42 cases with confirmed 22q11.2DS to obtain prenatal findings, perinatal outcomes and diagnostic confirmation...
August 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Kunal Sarin, Sandeep Chauhan, Akshay Kumar Bisoi, Anjali Hazarika, Neena Malhotra, Pratik Manek
Background: Blood transfusion requirement during neonatal open heart surgeries is universal. Homologous blood transfusion (HBT) in pediatric cardiac surgery is used most commonly for priming of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) system and for postoperative transfusion. To avoid the risks associated with HBT in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery, use of autologous umbilical cord blood (AUCB) transfusion has been described. We present our experience with the use of AUCB for neonatal cardiac surgery...
July 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Rajiv A Mohan, Mathilda T M Mommersteeg, Jorge N Domínguez, Caroline Choquet, Vincent Wakker, Corrie de Gier-de Vries, Gerard J J Boink, Bastiaan J Boukens, Lucile Miquerol, Arie O Verkerk, Vincent M Christoffels
A small network of spontaneously active Tbx3+ cardiomyocytes forms the cardiac conduction system (CCS) in adults. Understanding the origin and mechanism of development of the CCS network are important steps towards disease modeling and the development of biological pacemakers to treat arrhythmias. We found that Tbx3 expression in the embryonic mouse heart is associated with automaticity. Genetic inducible fate mapping revealed that Tbx3+ cells in the early heart tube are fated to form the definitive CCS components, except the Purkinje fiber network...
September 3, 2018: Development
Bingbing Ke, Yujie Zeng, Zhihong Zhao, Fusheng Han, Taoyan Liu, Jingyi Wang, Anila Khalique, Wen-Jing Lu, James Chong, Feng Lan, Hua He
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of congenital anomaly and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Generation of cardiomyoctyes derived from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) has opened new avenues for investigation of human cardiac development. Here we report that uric acid (UA), a physiologically abundant compound during embryonic development, can consistently and robustly enhance cardiac differentiation of human PSCs including hESCs and hiPSCs, in replacement of ascorbic acid (AA)...
May 2019: Cell Death and Differentiation
Heather Y Sun, James A Proudfoot, Rachel T McCandless
BACKGROUND: Fetal echocardiography can accurately diagnose critical congenital heart disease prenatally, but relies on referrals from abnormalities identified on routine obstetrical ultrasounds. Critical congenital heart disease that is frequently missed due to inadequate outflow tract imaging includes anomalies such as truncus arteriosus, double outlet right ventricle, transposition of the great arteries, tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary stenosis, and aortic stenosis. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the prenatal detection rate of critical outflow tract anomalies in a single urban pediatric hospital before and after "AIUM Practice Guideline for the Performance of Obstetric Ultrasound Examinations," which incorporated outflow tract imaging...
July 18, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Kate M Cohen, Rebecca D Minehart, Lisa R Leffert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the pathophysiology, peripartum treatment, and anesthetic management of parturients with cardiac disease. Valvular disease, coronary disease, and cardiomyopathy are specifically addressed in the context of the normal physiologic changes of pregnancy. We offer recommendations for anesthetic approaches, hemodynamic goals with an emphasis on interdisciplinary planning between anesthesiologists, cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, obstetricians, maternal fetal medicine specialists, and neonatologists...
July 18, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Emily J Camm, Kimberley J Botting, Amanda N Sferruzzi-Perri
The development of the fetal heart is exquisitely controlled by a multitude of factors, ranging from humoral to mechanical forces. The gatekeeper regulating many of these factors is the placenta, an external fetal organ. As such, resistance within the placental vascular bed has a direct influence on the fetal circulation and therefore, the developing heart. In addition, the placenta serves as the interface between the mother and fetus, controlling substrate exchange and release of hormones into both circulations...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Emily P Masoumy, Alexandra A Sawyer, Suash Sharma, Jenny A Patel, Paul M K Gordon, Timothy R H Regnault, Brad Matushewski, Neal L Weintraub, Bryan Richardson, Jennifer A Thompson, Brian K Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutrient restriction (MNR) is a widespread cause of fetal growth restriction (FGR), an independent predictor of heart disease and cardiovascular mortality. Our objective was to examine the developmental and long-term impact of MNR-induced FGR on cardiac structure in a model that closely mimics human development. METHODS: A reduction in total caloric intake spanning pregestation through to lactation in guinea pig sows was used to induce FGR. Proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes were assessed in late-gestation fetal, neonatal, and adult guinea pig hearts...
October 2018: Pediatric Research
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