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Keywords selective anabolic receptor mo...

selective anabolic receptor modulator

https://read.qxmd.com/read/33148520/considerations-possible-contraindications-and-potential-mechanisms-for-deleterious-effect-in-recreational-and-athletic-use-of-selective-androgen-receptor-modulators-sarms-in-lieu-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Steven B Machek, Thomas D Cardaci, Dylan T Wilburn, Darryn S Willoughby
Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are testosterone and testosterone-derivative compounds sporadically employed by athletes and increasingly used recreationally to acquire a competitive edge or improve body composition. Nevertheless, users are subject to undesired side effects majorly associated with tissue-specific androgen receptor (AR) binding-mediated actions. More recently, selective AR modulators (SARMs) have gained popularity towards delivering androgen-associated anabolic actions with hopes of minimal androgenic effects...
December 2020: Steroids
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33001574/evaluation-of-dried-blood-spots-as-an-alternative-sample-matrix-for-equine-anti-doping-analysis
#2
Benjamin C Moeller, Zicheng Yang
Controlling the abuse of prohibited substances such as anabolic steroids, selective androgen receptor modulators, β-adrenoceptor agonists, and blood doping agents is of great interest to racing authorities. The use of Dried Blood Spots (DBS) as an alternative sampling approach may be a feasible approach for controlling the use of these agents. To assess the feasibility of using DBS in equine blood, an 11-minute liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry method was developed on a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer following extraction from Whatman 903 DBS cards...
October 1, 2020: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32688441/identification-of-s22-ostarine-in-human-nails-and-hair-using-lc-hrms-application-to-two-authentic-cases
#3
Pascal Kintz, Laurie Gheddar, Alice Ameline, Jean-Sébastien Raul
Ostarine, also known as S22 or MK2866 and enobosarm, is a selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM). It has high anabolic potency, in addition to limited androgenic effects. At this time, ostarine has no therapeutic use, but can be abused for performance-enhancing purposes using the oral route, at dosages of 10-25 mg per day. As the drug can easily be obtained via the Internet or some fitness centers, athletes and more and more amateurs can use it without undergoing the deleterious physiological side effects that are generally associated with testosterone-related compounds...
July 20, 2020: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32519780/development-of-a-multi-residue-high-throughput-uhplc-ms-ms-method-for-routine-monitoring-of-sarm-compounds-in-equine-and-bovine-blood
#4
Emiliano Ventura, Anna Gadaj, Tom Buckley, Mark H Mooney
Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) are a group of anabolic enhancer drugs posing threats to the integrity of animal sports and the safety of animal-derived foods. The current research describes for the first time the development of a semi-quantitative assay for SARM family compound monitoring in blood and establishes the relative stability of these analytes under various storage conditions prior to analysis. The presented screening method validation was performed in line with current EU legislation for the inspection of livestock and produce of animal origin, with CCβ values determined at 0...
June 10, 2020: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32476495/selective-androgen-receptor-modulators-sarms-as-pharmacological-treatment-for-muscle-wasting-in-ongoing-clinical-trials
#5
Guilherme Wesley Peixoto Da Fonseca, Elke Dworatzek, Nicole Ebner, Stephan Von Haehling
INTRODUCTION: Skeletal muscle wasting is a frequent clinical problem encountered in patients with chronic diseases. Increased levels of inflammatory markers play a role in the imbalance between muscle protein synthesis and degradation. Although testosterone has long been proposed as a treatment for patients with muscle wasting, undesirable side effects have raised concerns about prostatic hypertrophy in men as well as virilization in women. Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) have demonstrated similar results like testosterone at improving lean body mass (LBM) with less side effects on androgen-dependent tissue...
June 18, 2020: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32411230/is-there-room-for-serms-or-sarms-as-alternative-therapies-for-adult-male-hypogonadism
#6
REVIEW
Vito A Giagulli, Andrea Silvestrini, Carmine Bruno, Vincenzo Triggiani, Alvaro Mordente, Antonio Mancini
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) can be sustained by organic or functional alterations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis. Functional HH is related to systemic alterations, such as obesity or chronic inflammatory diseases, but could contribute to a negative course of the illness. For such situation, according to results obtained in infertile women, the administration of selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) has been proposed in males too, with positive results on both metabolic and sexual function...
2020: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32401172/investigation-of-stability-of-selective-androgen-receptor-modulators-in-urine
#7
Emiliano Ventura, Anna Gadaj, Tom Buckley, Mark H Mooney
Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) are a class of new emerging "designer" steroid compounds gaining popularity over more well established anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) amongst both non-professional and elite athletes. Moreover, due to their anabolic activity, SARM compounds may also potentially be abused in livestock animals to increase meat production. Consequently, SARM residues should be monitored as a part of routine testing employed within both anti-doping and drug residue laboratories...
May 13, 2020: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32351450/spinal-cord-injury-as-a-model-of-bone-muscle-interactions-therapeutic-implications-from-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#8
REVIEW
Marco Invernizzi, Alessandro de Sire, Filippo Renò, Carlo Cisari, Letterio Runza, Alessio Baricich, Stefano Carda, Nicola Fusco
Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) represent a variety of conditions related to the damage of the spinal cord with consequent musculoskeletal repercussions. The bone and muscle tissues share several catabolic pathways that lead to variable degrees of disability in SCI patients. In this review article, we provide a comprehensive characterization of the available treatment options targeting the skeleton and the bone in the setting of SCI. Among the pharmacological intervention, bisphosphonates, anti-sclerostin monoclonal antibodies, hydrogen sulfide, parathyroid hormone, and RANKL pathway inhibitors represent valuable options for treating bone alterations...
2020: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32257854/selective-androgen-receptor-modulators-the-future-of-androgen-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Andrew R Christiansen, Larry I Lipshultz, James M Hotaling, Alexander W Pastuszak
Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) are small molecule drugs that function as either androgen receptor (AR) agonists or antagonists. Variability in AR regulatory proteins in target tissues permits SARMs to selectively elicit anabolic benefits while eschewing the pitfalls of traditional androgen therapy. SARMs have few side effects and excellent oral and transdermal bioavailability and may, therefore, represent viable alternatives to current androgen therapies. SARMs have been studied as possible therapies for many conditions, including osteoporosis, Alzheimer's disease, breast cancer, stress urinary incontinence (SUI), prostate cancer (PCa), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), male contraception, hypogonadism, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), and sarcopenia/muscle wasting/cancer cachexia...
March 2020: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32140660/drug-induced-liver-injury-by-selective-androgenic-receptor-modulators
#10
Joan Ericka Flores, Shivakumar Chitturi, Sarah Walker
Selective androgenic receptor modulators (SARMs) have not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration but they are heavily promoted as alternatives to androgenic anabolic steroids. We present two cases of liver injury associated with SARMs.
March 2020: Hepatology communications
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32030892/a-selective-androgen-receptor-modulator-sarm-2f-activates-androgen-receptor-increases-lean-body-mass-and-suppresses-blood-lipid-levels-in-cynomolgus-monkeys
#11
Megumi Morimoto, Masuo Yamaoka, Takahito Hara
SARM-2f a selective androgen receptor (AR) modulator, increases skeletal muscle mass and locomotor activity in rats. This study aimed to clarify its pharmacological effects in monkeys. In reporter assays, the EC50 values of SARM-2f for rat, monkey, and human AR were 2.5, 3, and 3.6 nmol/L, respectively; those of testosterone were 12, 3.2, and 11 nmol/L, respectively. A single oral administration (10 mg/kg SARM-2f) produced a maximal plasma concentration of 3011 ng/mL, with an area under the 24 hours concentration-time curve of 8152 ng·h/mL in monkeys...
February 2020: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31930715/overcoming-resistance-to-anabolic-sarm-therapy-in-experimental-cancer-cachexia-with-an-hdac-inhibitor
#12
Sophia G Liva, Yu-Chou Tseng, Anees M Dauki, Michael G Sovic, Trang Vu, Sally E Henderson, Yi-Chiu Kuo, Jason A Benedict, Xiaoli Zhang, Bryan C Remaily, Samuel K Kulp, Moray Campbell, Tanios Bekaii-Saab, Mitchell A Phelps, Ching-Shih Chen, Christopher C Coss
No approved therapy exists for cancer-associated cachexia. The colon-26 mouse model of cancer cachexia mimics recent late-stage clinical failures of anabolic anti-cachexia therapy and was unresponsive to anabolic doses of diverse androgens, including the selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) GTx-024. The histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) AR-42 exhibited anti-cachectic activity in this model. We explored combined SARM/AR-42 therapy as an improved anti-cachectic treatment paradigm. A reduced dose of AR-42 provided limited anti-cachectic benefits, but, in combination with GTx-024, significantly improved body weight, hindlimb muscle mass, and grip strength versus controls...
February 7, 2020: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31884045/profiling-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-and-selective-androgen-receptor-modulators-for-interference-with-adrenal-steroidogenesis
#13
Melanie Patt, Katharina R Beck, Tobias Di Marco, Marie-Christin Jäger, Victor González-Ruiz, Julien Boccard, Serge Rudaz, Rolf W Hartmann, Mohamed Salah, Chris J van Koppen, Matthias Grill, Alex Odermatt
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are testosterone derivatives developed for steroid-replacement and treatment of debilitating conditions. They are widely used by athletes in elite sports and bodybuilding due to their muscle-building and performance-enhancing properties. Excessive AAS use is associated with cardiovascular diseases, mood changes, endocrine and metabolic disorders; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) aim to reduce adverse androgenic effects, while maximizing anabolic effects...
February 2020: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31843930/oxytocin-regulates-body-composition
#14
Li Sun, Daria Lizneva, Yaoting Ji, Graziana Colaianni, Elina Hadelia, Anisa Gumerova, Kseniia Ievleva, Tan-Chun Kuo, Funda Korkmaz, Vitaly Ryu, Alina Rahimova, Sakshi Gera, Charit Taneja, Ayesha Khan, Naseer Ahmad, Roberto Tamma, Zhuan Bian, Alberta Zallone, Se-Min Kim, Maria I New, Jameel Iqbal, Tony Yuen, Mone Zaidi
The primitive neurohypophyseal nonapeptide oxytocin (OXT) has established functions in parturition, lactation, appetite, and social behavior. We have shown that OXT has direct actions on the mammalian skeleton, stimulating bone formation by osteoblasts and modulating the genesis and function of bone-resorbing osteoclasts. We deleted OXT receptors (OXTRs) selectively in osteoblasts and osteoclasts using Col2.3Cre and Acp5Cre mice, respectively. Both male and female Col2.3Cre + : Oxtr fl/fl mice recapitulate the low-bone mass phenotype of Oxtr +/- mice, suggesting that OXT has a prominent osteoblastic action in vivo...
December 16, 2019: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31768968/targeted-drug-delivery-from-titanium-implants-a-review-of-challenges-and-approaches
#15
Anwesha Barik, Nishant Chakravorty
Titanium implants are considered the gold standard of treatment for dental and orthopedic applications. Biocompatibility, low elasticity, and corrosion resistance are some of the key properties of these metallic implants. Nonetheless, a long-term clinical failure of implants may occur due to inadequate osseointegration. Poor osseointegration induces mobility, inflammation, increased bone resorption, and osteolysis; hence, it may result in painful revision surgeries. Topographical modifications, improvement in hydrophilicity, and the development of controlled-release drug-loading systems have shown to improve cellular adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation...
November 26, 2019: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31731497/androgens-and-androgen-receptor-actions-on-bone-health-and-disease-from-androgen-deficiency-to-androgen-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Jia-Feng Chen, Pei-Wen Lin, Yi-Ru Tsai, Yi-Chien Yang, Hong-Yo Kang
Androgens are not only essential for bone development but for the maintenance of bone mass. Therefore, conditions with androgen deficiency, such as male hypogonadism, androgen-insensitive syndromes, and prostate cancer with androgen deprivation therapy are strongly associated with bone loss and increased fracture risk. Here we summarize the skeletal effects of androgens-androgen receptors (AR) actions based on in vitro and in vivo studies from animals and humans, and discuss bone loss due to androgens/AR deficiency to clarify the molecular basis for the anabolic action of androgens and AR in bone homeostasis and unravel the functions of androgen/AR signaling in healthy and disease states...
October 25, 2019: Cells
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31655494/investigation-of-the-metabolism-of-the-selective-androgen-receptor-modulator-lgd-4033-in-equine-urine-plasma-and-hair-following-oral-administration
#17
Charlotte Cutler, Marjaana Viljanto, Pamela Hincks, Jocelyn Habershon-Butcher, Tessa Muir, Simon Biddle
LGD-4033 is one of a number of selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) that are being developed by the pharmaceutical industry to provide the therapeutic benefits of anabolic androgenic steroids, without the less desirable side effects. Though not available therapeutically, SARMs are available for purchase online as supplement products. The potential for performance enhancing effects associated with these products makes them a significant concern with regards to doping control in sports. The purpose of this study was to investigate the metabolism of LGD-4033 in the horse following oral administration, in order to identify the most appropriate analytical targets for doping control laboratories...
February 2020: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31347405/investigational-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-cancer-cachexia-a-focus-on-phase-i-and-phase-ii-clinical-trials
#18
REVIEW
Alessio Molfino, Maria Ida Amabile, Antonella Giorgi, Massimo Monti, Vito D'Andrea, Maurizio Muscaritoli
Introduction : Cachexia is frequent in chronic diseases and especially during cancer development. Multiple definitions of cachexia have been proposed; it may be considered a multifactorial complex syndrome that presents with progressive unintentional weight loss and wasting of muscle mass and adipose tissue. Area covered : This article covers phase-I and phase-II clinical trials of investigational drugs for cancer cachexia. We performed a search on PubMed with keywords as cancer cachexia, phase-I/phase-II trial, drug, identifying articles relevant to this review...
August 2019: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31166414/periapical-bone-response-to-bacterial-lipopolysaccharide-is-shifted-upon-cyclooxygenase-blockage
#19
Fernanda Regina Ribeiro-Santos, Geyson Galo da Silva, Igor Bassi Ferreira Petean, Maya Fernanda Manfrin Arnez, Léa Assed Bezerra da Silva, Lúcia Helena Faccioli, Francisco Wanderley Garcia Paula-Silva
OBJECTIVES: Infection, inflammation and bone resorption are closely related events in apical periodontitis development. Therefore, we sought to investigate the role of cyclooxygenase (COX) in osteoclastogenesis and bone metabolism signaling in periapical bone tissue after bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inoculation into root canals. METHODOLOGY: Seventy two C57BL/6 mice had the root canals of the first molars inoculated with a solution containing LPS from E. coli (1...
June 3, 2019: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31137666/molecular-based-treatment-strategies-for-osteoporosis-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Yuichiro Ukon, Takahiro Makino, Joe Kodama, Hiroyuki Tsukazaki, Daisuke Tateiwa, Hideki Yoshikawa, Takashi Kaito
Osteoporosis is an unavoidable public health problem in an aging or aged society. Anti-resorptive agents (calcitonin, estrogen, and selective estrogen-receptor modulators, bisphosphonates, anti-receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand antibody along with calcium and vitamin D supplementations) and anabolic agents (parathyroid hormone and related peptide analogs, sclerostin inhibitors) have major roles in current treatment regimens and are used alone or in combination based on the pathological condition...
May 24, 2019: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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