Genevieve F Dash, Emily Carter, Sarah L Karalunas, Karen A Hudson, Damien Fair, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that caffeine use disproportionately impacts sleep functioning among youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study aimed to examine the association of caffeine use with disrupted sleep, and to test moderating effects of ADHD, by leveraging differences within twin pairs to explore potential quasi-causal (i.e., within-pair) effects. METHOD: N = 765 complete same-sex twin pairs (mean age at baseline = 10...
November 28, 2022: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Erum Mubashir Shariff, Fahd Ali Al Khmais, Saima Nazish, Noman Ishaque, Aishah Ibrahim Al Bakr, Reem S AlOmar, Danah Aljaafari, Mohammad AlShurem, Azra Zafar, Rizwana Shahid, Sari AlSuhaibani, Saeed Al-Jubran, Nehad M Soltan, Abdulaziz Mohammad Al-Sharydah, Majed Alabdali
Objective: Wake-up stroke (WUS) comprises a significant proportion of ischemic strokes. However, due to unclear onset, these patients are often not considered for reperfusion therapy. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical and imaging differences between WUS patients and those with clear-onset stroke, documenting any sex, age, or risk factor predilection for WUS. Methods: This prospective observational cohort study used an ongoing stroke registry to identify patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to a hospital in Saudi Arabia within 5 days of symptom onset from April 2018 to March 2020...
November 24, 2022: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Riku Huttunen, Timo Leppanen, Brett Duce, Erna S Arnardottir, Sami Nikkonen, Sami Myllymaa, Juha Toyras, Henri Korkalainen
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is diagnosed using the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), which is the average number of respiratory events per hour of sleep. Recently, machine learning algorithms for automatic AHI assessment have been developed, but many of them do not consider the individual sleep stages or events. In this study, we aimed to develop a deep learning model to simultaneously score both sleep stages and respiratory events. The hypothesis was that the scoring and subsequent AHI calculation could be performed utilizing pulse oximetry data only...
November 28, 2022: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Debby Syahru Romadlon, Hui-Chuan Huang, Yang-Ching Chen, Sophia H Hu, Faizul Hasan, Milton D Chiang Morales, Ollyvia Freeska Dwi Marta, Safiruddin Al Baqi, Hsiao-Yean Chiu
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often experience fatigue. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) is a valid tool for evaluating fatigue; however, its psychometric properties have not been examined in Indonesian-speaking patients with T2DM. This study assessed the psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory-20 (IMFI-20) in patients with T2DM and investigated fatigue in a health-care setting. A cross-sectional design was adopted. Two hundred patients with T2DM were interviewed in clinics...
2022: PloS One
Aurélie Baillot, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Stéphanie A Prince, Ahmed Jérôme Romain, Rachel C Colley, Justin J Lang
BACKGROUND: Data on meeting the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for adults (24-H Guidelines) and associations with health indicators by body mass index (BMI) class are needed to support public health surveillance. The aim of this study was to describe the proportion of Canadian adults meeting individual and various combinations of the 24-H Guidelines by BMI class and their association with health indicators. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the cross-sectional Canadian Health Measures Survey cycles 1 to 4 (2007 to 2015, n = 10,515 adults aged 18 to 79 years) were used...
November 16, 2022: Health Reports
Jack T Jagielski, Noor Bibi, Peter C Gay, Mithri R Junna, Diego Z Carvalho, Julie A Williams, Timothy I Morgenthaler
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether or not the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) from a peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) home sleep apnea test (HSAT) is equivalent to the AHI provided by the mean of one, three, or seven nights from the Withings Sleep Analyzer (WSA) under-mattress device. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with suspected OSA in whom a PAT-HSAT was ordered. Eligible patients used the WSA for seven to nine nights. PAT data were scored using the device's intrinsic machine learning algorithms to arrive at the AHI using both 3% and 4% desaturation criteria for hypopnea estimations (PAT3%-AHI and PAT4%-AHI, respectively)...
November 28, 2022: Sleep & Breathing
Walter E Kaufmann, Melissa Raspa, Carla M Bann, Julia M Gable, Holly K Harris, Dejan B Budimirovic, Reymundo Lozano
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is characterized by variable neurobehavioral abnormalities, which leads to difficulties in developing and evaluating treatments and in determining accurate prognosis. We employed a pediatric cross-sectional sample (1,072 males, 338 females) from FORWARD, a clinic-based natural history study, to identify behavioral subtypes by latent class analysis. Input included co-occurring behavioral conditions, sleep and sensory problems, autistic behavior scales (SCQ, SRS-2), and the Aberrant Behavior Checklist revised for FXS (ABCFX )...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Jianghong Liu, Xiaopeng Ji, Elizabeth Rovit, Susannah Pitt, Terri Lipman
BACKGROUND: Sleep problem is a highly prevalent health issue among pediatric populations across the world. In this review, we aimed to identify risk factors contributing to sleep deficiency and poor sleep hygiene in children. Potential biological, psychosocial, and environmental mechanisms as well as research gaps in the literature are also discussed. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search for relevant English language full-text, peer-reviewed publications was performed focusing on pediatric sleep studies from prenatal to childhood and adolescence in a variety of indexes in PubMed, SCOPUS, and Psych Info...
November 28, 2022: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Stefan Neuwersch-Sommeregger, Markus Köstenberger, Wolfgang Pipam, Susanne Demschar, Brigitte Trummer, Christian Breschan, Rudolf Likar
BACKGROUND: Despite the existence of internationally consistent guidelines for the management of pain, efficient regional anesthesia techniques, safe pain medications, and organizational structures, e.g., acute pain services, various studies have shown that pain is still common among both surgical and non-surgical in-patients. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate, on a multi-center basis, the point pain prevalence of surgical and non-surgical in-patients...
November 28, 2022: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Sophie Lembacher, Sophia Gantner, Bernd Uhl, Martin Holzer, Martin Patscheider, John-Martin Hempel
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of the Ronch®AP palatal device in treating patients with moderate and severe forms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial 22 patients were examined with the Ronch®AP palatal device after 4 weeks of usage. Their results were compared to a control group of 30 patients who did not receive any treatment during this time. All patients included did not tolerate CPAP therapy...
November 28, 2022: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Anson Chun Long Wu, Bonnie Nga Kwan Choy
PURPOSE: Glaucoma has been increasing recognised to cause significant mental health burden to patients while psychological factors also play important roles in the development and progression of glaucoma. This review presents the current evidence of the impact of psychological interventions in glaucoma patients to improve their holistic care in terms of both physical and mental health by modulating psychological symptoms and supporting glaucoma control. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on PubMed for relevant studies up to February 2022...
November 28, 2022: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Lissette Cerón, Mishelle Pacheco, Andrés Delgado Gaete, Wilson Bravo Torres, Daniela Astudillo Rubio
The aim of the study was to evaluate the methodological quality and the risk of bias of systematic reviews with regard to the literature on therapies for sleep bruxism (SB) in dentistry, applying the AMSTAR 2 (A MeaSurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews) qualitative guide, as well as the effectiveness of various kinds of treatment of SB. Initially, a total of 1,499 articles were obtained from 4 databases and 2 websites. Relevant articles were obtained from the PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane, and Embase databases as well as from Google Scholar and OpenGrey...
November 28, 2022: Dental and medical problems
Michelle M Perfect, Graciela E Silva, Cindy N Chin, Mark D Wheeler, Sara S Frye, Vicky Mullins, Stuart F Quan
Sleep deficiencies amongst individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have been linked with dysregulated glycemic control and greater morbidities. Sleep extension (EXT) has been identified as a viable intervention target to improve adolescent outcomes. The intervention aims to emphasize collaborative work with families to engage in behaviors that increase the likelihood of the youth increasing their sleep duration consistently. This study will randomize up to 175 youth with T1DM and at least one caregiver to either an EXT intervention or a family routines support (FRS) consultation...
September 19, 2022: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Jasmin Honkamäki, Pinja Ilmarinen, Hanna Hisinger-Mölkänen, Leena E Tuomisto, Heidi Andersén, Heini Huhtala, Anssi Sovijärvi, Ari Lindqvist, Helena Backman, Bright I Nwaru, Eva Rönmark, Lauri Lehtimäki, Paula Pallasaho, Päivi Piirilä, Hannu Kankaanranta
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonrespiratory diseases are seemingly more prevalent in subjects with than without asthma, and asthma seems to differentiate by age of onset. However, studies with comparison of nonrespiratory diseases in subjects with and without asthma, considering asthma age of onset, are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To compare the quantity and type of chronic nonrespiratory diseases in adults with and without asthma considering age at asthma diagnosis. METHODS: In 2016, a FinEsS questionnaire was sent to 16,000 20- to 69-year-old adults randomly selected in Helsinki and Western Finland populations...
November 2, 2022: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
N N Zavadenko, E V Makushkin, D D Gaynetdinova, O V Kolokolov, E V Malinina, E A Antipenko, E Sh Sagutdinova, O V Khaletskaya, A V Dmitriev, N N Maslova, V V Mashin, M V Panteleeva
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of the new drug Prospekta in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients aged 7-12 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multicenter (35 clinical centres) double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial enrolled 363 patients. The mean age was 9.3±1.7 years. Children of both sexes aged between 7 and 12 years with a diagnosis of ADHD confirmed by DSM-V diagnostic criteria were included in the study...
2022: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
M V Putilina
The sharp increase in cardiovascular disease is associated not only with known risk factors, but also with a massive increase in sleep disorders. with insomnia, it triggers a pathogenic vicious circle: insomnia-inflammation-disturbance of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis-neurodegeneration-cognitive dysfunction. Currently, a number of pharmacological modulators have been described that can activate the cell survival system. A special role is given to peptide preparations. They have a unique ability to create new conformations with the body's own peptides without causing adverse effects, without entering into antagonistic relationships with other drugs, without affecting systemic hemodynamics...
2022: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Han Xie, Xinmei Wang, Min Xue, Yudong Qiu, Weihong Ge
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: As the incidence of postoperative pain in patients with biliary and pancreatic diseases has gradually increased, how to control postoperative pain has received increasing research attention. By reading pain management guidelines and multidisciplinary communication and cooperation, clinical pharmacists designed multi-mode analgesia regimens based on surgical types, in order to provide strong evidence for the effectiveness and safety of postoperative analgesia regimens and better serve patients...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Nurcan Kirca, Şadiye Özcan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of nursing care based on the Levine's Conservation Model on depression caused by infertility, fatigue, perceived social support, and sleep quality levels. METHODS: This study includes randomized controlled trial that was conducted from July 2019 to April 2020, with 65 Turkish women with infertility (experimental group: 34, control group: 31). We collected data using the Visual Similarity Scale for Fatigue, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Beck's Depression Inventory, and the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale...
November 28, 2022: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
Eleanor L McGlinchey, Priscilla Rigos, Josephine S Kim, Josefina Muñoz Nogales, Madeline Valentine, Jinu Kim, Carol H Ripple, Amy R Wolfson, Candice A Alfano
OBJECTIVE: The disparity of problems, impairments, and disorders among children in foster care is well-documented and spans virtually every domain of functioning. Sleep, however, has received minimal attention among this vulnerable group, which is concerning given the multitude of ways sleep affects children's development, health, and behavior. METHODS: A total of 485 foster caregivers from across the United States completed a survey including quantitative items and qualitative, open-ended questions about sleep and related health and behavior for one child (M = 6...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Xianrui Chen, Ping Xu, Yanhui Chen, Shan Chen, Yonghua Yao, Xiaoxia Lin
UNLABELLED: The sleep disturbance scale for children (SDSC) has been validated in the population of Chinese children (aged 5-16 years) and has good psychometric properties. However, valid assessment tools for sleep problems in the population of infants and young children from mainland China are relatively scarce, and rates of screening and management for pediatric sleep problems are low. OBJECTIVE: This study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of SDSC among infants (aged 6-36 months), and to provide a reference for expanding the application of the SDSC for Chinese infants (SDSC-I)...
2022: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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