Ania Justo-Alonso, Ana García-Dantas, Ana I González-Vázquez, Milagrosa Sánchez-Martín, Lucía Del Río-Casanova
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has highlighted the importance of studying the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. The aim of this study is to examine the role of age in the early psychological responses to the pandemic in a Spanish community sample, focusing on how different generations coped with it. METHOD: An online survey was conducted during the early stages of the quarantine. Sociodemographic, health and behavioral variables were compared for five age groups...
November 2020: Psicothema
Sergey S Berg, Parker S Rosenau, J Roxanne Prichard
To determine whether sleep quality mediates the relationship between traumatic life events and psychological wellbeing in college students. Methods: 40,646 undergraduate responses from the Spring 2017 National College Health Assessment II were evaluated for relationships between two predictor variables: satisfactory sleep and traumatic life events, and two outcome variables: psychological distress (a composite of anxiety, exhaustion, feeling overwhelmed, depression, sadness, loneliness, hopelessness, and anger) and suicidality (composite of self-harm behaviors, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts)...
October 19, 2020: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Aakash Bipin Gandhi, Julia F Slejko, Ester Villalonga-Olives, Emerson M Wickwire, Abisola Olopoenia, Eberechukwu Onukwugha
Aim: To evaluate the impact of chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) on healthcare use and costs among individuals diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Materials & methods: Using the IQVIA PharMetrics® Plus database, we identified individuals (18-64 years old) during 2007-2014, divided into two groups: OSA + CNCP versus OSA-only. Generalized linear models were used to analyze binary and count outcomes. Results: Relative to OSA-only controls, OSA + CNCP cases had increased odds for inpatient and emergency department visits and higher rates for physician office visits, non-physician outpatient visits, and prescription drug fills...
October 19, 2020: Pain Management
Kevin Mertz, Sarah E Lindsay, Arden Morris, Robin N Kamal
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the metrics used to assess outcomes after treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome. METHODS: We performed a systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines of level I and II randomized controlled trials of treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome. We searched the PubMed/MEDLINE electronic database for studies on treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome from January 2008 to January 2018...
October 19, 2020: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
G Leader, J Forde, K Naughton, L Maher, S Arndt, A Mannion
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity is the presence of at least two disorders in one person at one time. This study examined the frequency of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, sleep problems, comorbid psychopathology, challenging behaviour and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms in children and adolescents with duplication 15q syndrome (Dup15q), aged 3-17 years. This study also examined whether challenging behaviour in Dup15q is predicted by age, gender, presence of an intellectual disability, sleep problems, GI symptoms and comorbid psychopathology...
October 18, 2020: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Nattida Charadram, Sabrina Maniewicz, Stefania Maggi, Mirko Petrovic, Anastassia Kossioni, Murali Srinivasan, Martin Schimmel, Philippe Mojon, Frauke Müller
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to obtain a consensus on oral health policy, access to dental care, oral hygiene measures and training levels. BACKGROUND: Poor oral health is widespread in care-dependent older people, but no consensus for a minimum standard of oral health care exists yet. METHODS: The e-Delphi approach was applied to a selected panel of interdisciplinary experts. Data analysis was based on three measurements: (a) ≥70% of experts' opinion fall into category "agree or strongly agree," (b) median score on the 5-point Likert scale ≥4, (c) interquartile range ≤1...
October 18, 2020: Gerodontology
Ruihong Yan, Fang Yu, Kara Strandlund, Jing Han, Na Lei, Yinghong Song
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported associations between health-related quality of life(HRQOL), social support, and mental stress of patients with chronic wound, while the causal relationship is unclear and little is known about the HRQOL of hospitalized them. We therefore investigated the status of HRQOL of hospitalized patients with chronic wound and the causal relationships among social support, mental stress (anxiety and depression) and HRQOL of which. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted and the demographic and disease characteristics, HRQOL, perceived social support and mental stress of 216 hospitalized patients with chronic wound was surveyed through questionnaires collected by face to face interview...
October 19, 2020: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Rossely Paulo, Miguel Brito, Pedro Van-Dunem, António Martins, Robert J Novak, Benjamin Jacob, David M Molyneux, Thomas R Unnasch, J Russell Stothard, Louise Kelly-Hope
The prevalence of Loa loa, Onchocerca volvulus and Wuchereria bancrofti infections in an under-surveyed area of Bengo Province, Angola, was determined by surveying 22 communities with a combination of clinical, serological and DNA diagnostics. Additional information was collected on participants' duration of residency, access to mass drug administration, knowledge of insect vectors and use of bednets. A total of 1616 individuals (38.1% male: 61.9% female), with an average age of 43 years, were examined. For L...
November 2020: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
Catarina Perpétuo, Marília Fernandes, Manuela Veríssimo
Given the impact of sleep in several domains of a child's development, the comparison between actigraphy and parental questionnaires is of great importance in preschool-aged children, an understudied group. While parental reports tend to overestimate sleep duration, actigraphy boosts the frequency of night-waking's. Our primary goal was to compare actigraphy data and parental reports ( Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire , CSHQ), regarding bedtime, wake-up time, sleep duration, and wake after sleep onset (WASO), using the Bland-Altman technique...
2020: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Léa Cailleau, Raphaël Weber, Sandie Cabon, Cyril Flamant, Jean-Michel Roué, Géraldine Favrais, Géraldine Gascoin, Aurore Thollot, Maxime Esvan, Fabienne Porée, Patrick Pladys
Background: Sleep is an important determinant of brain development in preterm infants. Its temporal organization varies with gestational age (GA) and post-menstrual age (PMA) but little is known about how sleep develops in very preterm infants. The objective was to study the correlation between the temporal organization of quiet sleep (QS) and maturation in premature infants without severe complications during their neonatal hospitalization. Methods: Percentage of time spent in QS and average duration of time intervals (ADI) spent in QS were analyzed from a cohort of newborns with no severe complications included in the Digi-NewB prospective, multicentric, observational study in 2017-19...
2020: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Melika Fallah, Gholamreza Askari, Zatollah Asemi
Background: Women's mental health is a significant health issue for pregnant women during and after pregnancy. Postpartum depression (PPD) is defined as the presence of depression in the 1st year after delivery. This study reviews the relationship between Vitamin D levels, anxiety and poor sleep quality related to pregnancy. Materials and Methods: A systematic search was conducted on documents presented in PubMed, Scopus, ProQuest, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Web of Science databases until March 2020...
2020: Advanced Biomedical Research
Sunguk Choi, Kwon Ko, Jae Bum Park, Kyung-Jong Lee, Seungho Lee, Inchul Jeong
Background: Job insecurity and emotional labor are poor job-related factors that are known to cause sleep disturbances in customer service workers. This study investigates the combined effect of emotional labor and job insecurity on sleep disturbance. Methods: This study used data from the Fifth Korean Working Condition Survey and included 15,147 paid workers who serve customers below 65 years. We re-classified into 6 groups based on whether the degree of emotional labor increased (Rarely/Sometimes/Always) or whether job insecurity (No/Yes) was present...
2020: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Désirée Larenas-Linnemann, Noel Rodríguez-Pérez, Alfredo Arias-Cruz, María Virginia Blandón-Vijil, Blanca E Del-Río-Navarro, Alan Estrada-Cardona, José E Gereda, Jorge A Luna-Pech, Elsy Maureen Navarrete-Rodríguez, Ernesto Onuma-Takane, César Fireth Pozo-Beltrán, María Isabel Rojo-Gutiérrez
Introduction: In the light of the current COVID-19 pandemic, during which the world is confronted with a new, highly contagious virus that suppresses innate immunity as one of its initial virulence mechanisms, thus escaping from the first-line human defense mechanisms, enhancing innate immunity seems a good preventive strategy. Methods: Without the intention to write an official systematic review, but more to give an overview of possible strategies, in this review article we discuss several interventions that might stimulate innate immunity and thus our defense against (viral) respiratory tract infections...
October 9, 2020: World Allergy Organization Journal
Marietou Daou, Irene Telias, Magdy Younes, Laurent Brochard, M Elizabeth Wilcox
Delirium is a syndrome characterized by acute brain failure resulting in neurocognitive disturbances affecting attention, awareness, and cognition. It is highly prevalent among critically ill patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. A core domain of delirium is represented by behavioral disturbances in sleep-wake cycle probably related to circadian rhythm disruption. The relationship between sleep, circadian rhythm and intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired delirium is complex and likely bidirectional...
2020: Frontiers in Neurology
Bethany J Jones, Sukhmanjit Kaur, Michele Miller, Rebecca M C Spencer
Factors such as psychological well-being, sleep quality, and athletic coping skills can influence athletic performance. Mindfulness-based interventions, including mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), have been shown to benefit these factors, suggesting they may, at least indirectly, benefit athletic performance. Moreover, while mindfulness training has been linked to better accuracy in some high-precision sports, whether it can improve non-precision elements of athletic performance is unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of MBSR on psychological well-being, sleep, athletic coping skills, and rowing performance in collegiate rowers in a controlled experimental design...
2020: Frontiers in Psychology
Roy David Samuel, Gershon Tenenbaum, Yair Galily
The Coronavirus experience (CE) presents a highly challenging period for sport performers (e.g., athletes, coaches, referees), with potential effects on their lives and career trajectories. In this article, we initially conceptualize the CE using the scheme of change for sport psychology practice (Samuel and Tenenbaum, 2011a). Within this framework, the CE is understood as a longitudinal, multifaceted, unpredicted, non-controlled change-event, with four distinct stages: (a) a pre-Coronavirus stage with unique career contextual conditions (i...
2020: Frontiers in Psychology
Sujin Kim, Yunkwon Nam, Soo Jung Shin, Yong Ho Park, Seong Gak Jeon, Jin-Il Kim, Min-Jeong Kim, Minho Moon
Although the major causative factors of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are the accumulation of amyloid β and hyperphosphorylated tau, AD can also be caused by metabolic dysfunction. The major clinical symptom of AD is cognitive dysfunction. However, AD is also accompanied by various secondary symptoms such as depression, sleep-wake disturbances, and abnormal eating behaviors. Interestingly, the orexigenic hormone ghrelin has been suggested to have beneficial effects on AD-related metabolic syndrome and secondary symptoms...
2020: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Bryce A Mander
Even prior to the onset of the prodromal stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a constellation of sleep disturbances are apparent. A series of epidemiological studies indicate that multiple forms of these sleep disturbances are associated with increased risk for developing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD, even triggering disease onset at an earlier age. Through the combination of causal manipulation studies in humans and rodents, as well as targeted examination of sleep disturbance with respect to AD biomarkers, mechanisms linking sleep disturbance to AD are beginning to emerge...
2020: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Laura Basso, Benjamin Boecking, Petra Brueggemann, Nancy L Pedersen, Barbara Canlon, Christopher R Cederroth, Birgit Mazurek
Objective: This study aims to identify gender-specific risk factors associated with the presence of bothersome tinnitus (compared with non-bothersome tinnitus), including sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, tinnitus-associated phenomena (hearing loss, traumatic experiences, sleep disturbances), and physical as well as mental comorbidities. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using survey data from the Swedish LifeGene cohort containing information on self-reported tinnitus ( N = 7615)...
2020: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Sharanbasappa R Japatti, Namrata Chourasia, Chidambar Y Siddegowda, Prashant Shriram, Rashmi Yajurvedi, Tasneem Beawerwala
Introduction: The chin is a reflection of the entire face and, along with the nose, is one of the major determinants of facial profile balance. When it is appropriate in size, shape and position, the chin can enhance the normal harmony and symmetry of the face, even camouflaging less than ideal jaw relationships. Failure to perform a needed genioplasty can jeopardise the end product of many hours of otherwise successful major orthognathic or cosmetic surgery. Genioplasty procedure has been used for many years and has been modified in various ways, despite its original description by Trauner and Obwegeser...
December 2020: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
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