Rachel Shi, Javier Rosario
Ultrasound with remote assistance (tele-ultrasound) may have potential to improve accessibility of ultrasound for prehospital patients. A review of recent literature on this topic has not been done before, and the feasibility of prehospital tele-ultrasound performed by non-physician personnel is unclear. In an effort to address this, the literature was qualitatively analyzed from January 1, 2010 - December 31, 2021 in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane online databases on prehospital, paramedic-acquired tele-ultrasound, and ten articles were found...
August 25, 2023: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Ryan P Strum, Fabrice I Mowbray, Manaf Zargoush, Aaron P Jones
INTRODUCTION: The closest emergency department (ED) may not always be the optimal hospital for certain stable high acuity patients if further distanced ED's can provide specialized care or are less overcrowded. Machine learning (ML) predictions may support paramedic decision-making to transport a subgroup of emergent patients to a more suitable, albeit more distanced, ED if hospital admission is unlikely. We examined whether characteristics known to paramedics in the prehospital setting were predictive of hospital admission in emergent acuity patients...
2023: PloS One
Natalie L Dyer, Ann L Baldwin, Rosemary Pharo, Feona Gray
BACKGROUND: Reiki is a biofield therapy which is based on the explanatory model that the fields of energy and information of living systems can be influenced to promote relaxation and stimulate a healing response. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pragmatic within-subject pilot trial of a remote Reiki program for frontline healthcare workers' health-related symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Healthcare professionals in the UK (eg, physicians, nurses, and paramedics) were eligible to sign up for a distance Reiki program and were also invited to participate in the research study...
2023: Glob Adv Integr Med Health
Aleksi Kasvi, Timo Iirola, Hilla Nordquist
BACKGROUND: The amount of emergency medical service missions has increased internationally in recent years, and emergency departments are overcrowded globally. Previous evidence has shown that patients arriving at the emergency department during nighttime (20 - 08) have to wait longer, are more likely to leave without being seen, and often have non-urgent conditions compared to patients arriving during the day. The objective of this pilot study was to examine what kind of patient groups are conveyed as non-urgent to the hospital by emergency medical service during nighttime and what kind of diagnostic tests and medical interventions those patients receive before morning to identify patient groups that could be non-conveyed or directed to alternative points of care...
August 23, 2023: BMC Emergency Medicine
Nour Shaheen, Ahmed Shaheen, Rehab Adel Diab, Abdelrahman Mohmmed, Abdelraouf Ramadan, Sarya Swed, Muhannad Wael, Mrinmoy Kundu, Sama Soliman, Mohamed Elmasry, Sheikh Shoib
INTRODUCTION: Basic Life Support (BLS) is a medical treatment used in life-threatening emergencies until the sufferer can be properly cared for by a team of paramedics or in a hospital. This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge regarding BLS and the contributing factors among the Arab non-medical population. METHODS: An online survey-based cross-sectional study was conducted among non-medical populations in nine Arab countries between April 13, 2022, and June 30, 2022...
2023: Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine
Mona Guterud, Helge Fagerheim Bugge, Jo Røislien, Jo Kramer-Johansen, Mathias Toft, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Kristi G Bache, Karianne Larsen, Anne-Cathrine Braarud, Else Charlotte Sandset, Maren Ranhoff Hov
BACKGROUND: Timely treatment of acute stroke depends on early identification and triage. Improved methods for recognition of stroke in the prehospital setting are needed. We aimed to assess whether use of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) by paramedics in the ambulance could improve communication with the hospital, augment triage, and enhance diagnostic accuracy of acute stroke. METHODS: The Paramedic Norwegian Acute Stroke Prehospital Project (ParaNASPP) was a stepped-wedge, single-blind, cluster-randomised controlled trial...
September 2023: Lancet Neurology
Bina Ali, Steve Shamblen, William Scarbrough, Katharine Atwood, Ua-Aree Sangpukdee, Elise Andrews, Jan Markowitz, Amanda Wensel
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers are on the frontlines of the opioid response. This study explored the EMS training needs in Baltimore County, Maryland. An online survey conducted between January-June 2021 assessed knowledge, attitudes, awareness, and self-efficacy to use opioid overdose prevention strategies; burnout, compassion fatigue, stress, and wellness; and training needs among EMS providers (N = 256). Participants reported positive attitudes toward the use of opioid treatment guidelines and confidence in their ability to use the guidelines...
August 14, 2023: Evaluation and Program Planning
Bram Duffee, David Blake Willis
The time from when an ambulance paramedic receives the 911 alarm notification until they have determined the differential diagnosis of a patient is highly stressful. During this time, there is a high demand placed on the paramedic, and they have a low level of control. Recent advances in prehospital care that place more responsibility on paramedics have exacerbated this high-stress phenomenon. Twenty paramedics from across the United States were interviewed and evaluated using descriptive phenomenology to better understand one of the most stressful moments of high-stakes decision-making that paramedics regularly face...
September 2023: Social Science & Medicine
Angela B Clark, Alison M Coates, Tammie Choi, Ben Meadley, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Maxine P Bonham
Objectives Diet quality often changes as shift workers adjust to atypical work schedules, however, limited research exists examining the early effects of starting rotating shift work on diet and body composition. This study explored dietary behavior changes occurring in graduate paramedics during the first year of exposure to rotating shift work, and investigated dietary intake, diet quality and anthropometric changes over two years. Methods Participants from a graduate paramedic cohort in Melbourne, Australia were approached after two years of shift work for study inclusion...
August 18, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Nesrin Alharthy, Raghad Almotairy, Rahaf Aldulhum, Albatool Alghamdi, Reem Aquil, Ghada Alkharaan, Sara Alsuwais, Abdullah Alshibani
BACKGROUND: A 2017 nationwide disability survey conducted by the General Authority of Statistics in Saudi Arabia, a sample representing the whole population living in Saudi Arabia, reported that approximately 5% and 2% of the Saudi population suffers from visual or hearing impairments, respectively. Patients with these disabilities find it difficult to convey their medical history and chief complaints to paramedics, causing communication breakdowns that can lead to misinterpretation of patient history, leave medical problems unaddressed, and reduce patient engagement and autonomy...
August 17, 2023: BMC Emergency Medicine
Nikki Jamieson, Lindsay B Carey, Anthony Jamieson, Myfanwy Maple
The increasing number of suicides among military populations cannot be fully accounted for by conventional risk factors like Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). As a result, researchers and theorists propose that delving into the concept of Moral Injury could offer a more comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon of suicide. Moral Injury is not currently a recognized mental health disorder but can be associated with PTSD. Moral Injury is a multi-dimensional issue that profoundly affects emotional, psychological, behavioral, social, and spiritual well-being...
August 17, 2023: Journal of Religion and Health
Seán O'Sullivan, Henning Schneider
Telemedicine as a technology can support processes in the field of emergency medicine (EM) including therapies and diagnostics, but technically is often based on hardware solutions for local EM structures, especially when involving the field of pre-hospital EM. By developing an open-source, data protection compliant solution (EU GDPR and HIPAA) as well as using standardized web and open-source based technology the Emergency Talk Application (ETA) can be used as a technology that can connect emergency medical providers and include already available regional structures...
August 16, 2023: Scientific Reports
Matthew Brazel, Stephen Allison, Tarun Bastiampillai, Stephen R Kisely, Jeffrey Cl Looi
OBJECTIVE: In the context of concerns regarding hospital access block, this paper provides a descriptive longitudinal analysis of mental health-related ED episodes in Australian public hospitals between 2016-17 and 2020-21. METHOD: We descriptively analysed Australian Institute of Health and Welfare data for mental health-related ED presentations, outcomes and 5-year trends for Australian public hospitals. RESULTS: There were more than 300,000 Australian mental health-related ED presentations in 2020-21...
August 15, 2023: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Priya Agarahari, Ankita Jain, Souvir Mohan Pandey, Ajay Kumar Agrahari, Jagriti Yadav, Rangoli Srivastava, Sasmita Dalai, Tannu Kumari, Ashutosh K Singh, Yashi Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Oral health is often viewed as a significant component for an indication of good general health or for good well-being together with a decent quality of life. Health literacy is considered a crucial factor in improvising a good life or excellent health. Oral health literacy (OHL) is the ability necessary for people to identify the factors that lead to poor oral health, learn and put into practice the essentials of effective oral self-care behaviors, and communicate with oral healthcare professionals in order to schedule appointments, put their names on waiting lists for dental care, and locate the dentist's office...
July 2023: Curēus
Julia Micallef, Dale Button, Alvaro Uribe Quevedo, Christopher McClatchey, Lindsey King, Adam Dubrowski
In the field of health professions education, acquiring technical skills involves three stages: 1) receiving instructions, 2) engaging in practice, and 3) receiving feedback. Simulation serves as a valuable tool that encompasses all three stages, enhancing the effectiveness of health professions education. This work focuses on feedback, which can be categorized as intrinsic (perceived by the learner through their senses) or augmented (provided by an external perspective). Augmented feedback can take the form of knowledge of results (information regarding the outcome) or knowledge of performance (information about the actions leading to the outcome)...
July 2023: Curēus
Katie Pettit, Chelsea Harris, Kathryn Smeltzer, Elisa J Sarmiento, John T Hall, Cody Howell, Mark Liao, Joseph Turner
Objective Gender bias against female physicians has been frequently demonstrated and associated with negative feelings toward their careers. Gender bias has also been demonstrated in prehospital clinical care. However, potential gender bias during paramedic-physician handoffs has not been studied. This study aimed to identify gender bias during interactions between prehospital personnel and emergency physicians at the time of patient handoff. Methods An observational study was conducted at an urban academic emergency department...
July 2023: Curēus
Michael Dinh, Hardeep Singh, Colin Deans, Grant Pople, Jason Bendall, Pooria Sarrami
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital trauma systems are designed to ensure optimal survival from critical injuries by triaging and transporting such patients to the most appropriate hospital in a timely manner. OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether prehospital time and location (metropolitan versus non-metropolitan) were associated with 30-day mortality in a cohort of patients transported by road ambulance using a trauma transport protocol. METHODS: Data linkage analysis of routinely collected ambulance and hospital data across all public hospitals in New South Wales (NSW)...
August 7, 2023: Injury
Sarah Petschack, Robert Lasslett, Linda Ross
BACKGROUND: Health services internationally are implementing programs that increase working ties between paramedics and general practitioners (GPs) to reduce unnecessary transport to emergency departments (EDs) and improve access to primary health care. As paramedic involvement in primary health care develops, there is increasing focus on the GP-paramedic collaborative relationship. Resulting issues regarding professional boundaries may occur, as paramedics practice in fields that were previously solely in the GP scope...
August 14, 2023: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Evelien Spelten, Brodie Thomas, Julia van Vuuren, Ruth Hardman, David Burns, Peter O'Meara, Louise Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Community Paramedicine is a model of care which is effective and accepted by health professionals and the community. Community paramedicine delivers low acuity primary care to disadvantaged communities and addresses service gaps. We aimed to identify successful implementation of community paramedicine models and signalled opportunities and challenges. METHODS: A narrative review was conducted. We identified 14 literature reviews from four databases EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, Cochrane...
August 9, 2023: Australasian emergency care
Satvinder Singh Bakshi, Vinoth Kumar Kalidoss, Seepana Ramesh, Soumyajit Das
Introduction  Tinnitus is one of the most common otological complaints encountered. Patients often use the internet, especially YouTube videos, as a source of information regarding their health condition. There is a need to analyze the standard and quality of information in these videos so that the patients receive correct information. Objective  The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the reliability and utility of YouTube videos on tinnitus. Methods  The first 100 videos on YouTube using the search terms tinnitus and ringing in the ear were identified...
July 2023: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
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