Na Lin, Liping Xu, Qiaoding Dai
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS), a secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis characterized by an excessive systemic inflammatory response, is a life-threatening and rare disease. Cardiovascular damage is a common and severe complication of the disease, however, it is easily ignored and not well studied. Herein, we report two cases of patients with MAS-associated heart damage and review the clinical characteristics, mechanism, and treatment. Case 1 along with systemic lupus erythematosus and Kikuchi necrotizing lymphadenitis occurred in fatal acute heart failure, and case 2 complicated adult-onset Still's Disease began with atrial fibrillation and had some improvement with the treatment of high dose corticosteroids...
March 14, 2023: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
Hao Li, George C Tsokos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2023: Science Bulletin
Gonçalo Boleto, Jérôme Avouac, Bertrand Godeau, Yannick Allanore
Thrombocytopenia in the context of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is rare. It should primarily raise the possibility of scleroderma renal crisis. Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is another cause of low platelets that is common in systemic lupus erythematosus, but tremendously rare in patients with SSc. We herein report two cases of severe ITP in patients with SSc. The first case is a 29-year old woman with very low platelet counts (2 x 109 /L) that did not increase despite receiving corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulins (IVig), rituximab and romiplostim...
March 16, 2023: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
A R Kazim, S Shezryna, M Azdayanti, J Houssaini, D Tappe, C C Heo
We report the presence of a male Haemaphysalis semermis collected from the domestic cat, Felis catus in an aboriginal village located in Pahang, Malaysia. This paper constitutes a new host record of this tick species, and also the first documentation of the infestation of companion animals other than domestic dogs (Canis lupus) by H. semermis in Malaysia. Additionally, we have included an updated host index of the tick species in Southeast Asia.
March 18, 2023: Journal of Medical Entomology
Kathryn M van Boom, Johan P Schoeman, Johan C A Steyl, Tertius A Kohn
The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) species comprises hundreds of breeds, each differing in physical characteristics, behavior, strength, and running capability. Very little is known about the skeletal muscle composition and metabolism between the different breeds, which may explain disease susceptibility. Muscle samples from the triceps brachii (TB) and vastus lateralis (VL) were collected post mortem from 35 adult dogs, encompassing 16 breeds of varying ages and sex. Samples were analyzed for fiber type composition, fiber size, oxidative, and glycolytic metabolic capacity (citrate synthase [CS], 3-hydroxyacetyl-coA dehydrogenase [3HAD], creatine kinase [CK], and lactate dehydrogenase [LDH] enzyme activities)...
March 17, 2023: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Yuxian Wu, Mengpei Zhao, Na Gong, Feng Zhang, Wansheng Chen, Yaoyang Liu
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multi-organ autoimmune disease characterized by clinical heterogeneity, unpredictable progression, and flare ups. Due to the heterogeneous nature of lupus, it has been challenging to identify sensitive and specific biomarkers for its diagnosis and monitoring. Despite the fact that the mechanism of SLE remains unknown, impressive progress has been made over the last decade towards understanding how different immune cells contribute to its pathogenesis. Research suggests that cellular metabolic programs could affect the immune response by regulating the activation, proliferation, and differentiation of innate and adaptive immune cells...
March 15, 2023: International Immunopharmacology
Luis M Amezcua-Guerra, Luis F Pérez-García, Valentín Jiménez-Rojas, Ricardo Márquez-Velasco, Luis H Silveira
INTRODUCTION: Anti-Ro52/TRIM21 antibodies are markers for several systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARD). OBJECTIVE: To assess whether anti-Ro52/TRIM21 antibodies are related to abnormalities in inflammatory circuits. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of consecutive outpatients with SARD. Anti-Ro52/TRIM21 antibodies and serum amyloid A protein were measured by ELISA; panels for 18 cytokines and nine chemokines were analyzed on a Luminex reading platform, while high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and complement were measured by nephelometry...
2023: Gaceta Médica de México
M Demirel, M Ersin, M Ekinci, L Mert, D Koyuncu, Ö I Kılıçoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Although the therapeutic efficacy of conventional core decompression (CD) for the early-stage osteonecrosis (ON) has been widely investigated in the literature, no study to date has specifically focused on its therapeutic effect on the long-term outcome of ON of the femoral head (ONFH) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aimed to provide a long-term survival analysis of all hips that underwent conventional CD for the management of ONFH in a consecutive case series of patients with SLE...
March 2023: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Yang Meng, Liao Chifeng, Zhu Qinghuan, Huang Zichan, Li Jianmin, Deng Danqi
BACKGROUND: To systematically evaluate the clinical risk factors of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated with invasive fungal infection (IFI) among patients. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed of all the literatures germane to estimate the clinical risk factors of patients with SLE complicated with IFI from published clinical trials from 1990 to April 2022. Mean differences, odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and the meta-analysis was conducted with Stata 12...
March 17, 2023: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ning Chen, Yijun Dai, Juanjuan He, Meng Zhou, Hong Sun, Ling Lin, Fei Gao, He Lin, Qing Yan
BACKGROUND: The relationship between transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF- β1) gene polymorphisms and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been reported in many studies, but there were still controversies with regard to their conclusions. METHODS: Relevant documents were retrieved from 5 electronic databases such as PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, and China national knowledge infrastructure. Odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the relationship between TGF-β1 genetic variation and SLE...
March 17, 2023: Medicine (Baltimore)
Filippo Fagni, Alessandra Bettiol, Elena Silvestri, Roberto Fedi, Adalgisa Palermo, Maria Letizia Urban, Ruggero Mazzotta, Danilo Malandrino, Federica Bello, Irene Mattioli, David Simon, Gerardo Di Scala, Georg Schett, Domenico Prisco, Giacomo Emmi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of ultrasound (US)-confirmed enthesitis in a cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to analyze the clinical associations to enthesitis during the course of SLE. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of the SLE cohort of the Lupus Unit of the Careggi University Hospital, US examinations of SLE patients presenting with tender and/or swollen joints were retrieved to assess the presence of enthesitis. Patients with US-proven enthesitis were compared with SLE controls with tender and/or swollen joints who showed no US-evidence of enthesitis...
March 17, 2023: Rheumatology
Mahdi Malekpour, Seyed Reza Salarikia, Mohammad Kashkooli, Ali A Asadi-Pooya
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the underlying pathomechanisms of the comorbidity between three common systemic autoimmune disorders (SADs) [i.e., insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA)] and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), using bioinformatics tools. We hypothesized that there are shared genetic variations among these four conditions. METHODS: Different databases (DisGeNET, Harmonizome, and Enrichr) were searched to find TLE-associated genes with variants; their single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were gathered from the literature...
March 17, 2023: Epilepsia Open
Yohko Murakawa, Hiroaki Dobashi, Masahiro Kondo, Susumu Nishiyama, Ryota Okazaki, Yasuyuki Hasegawa, Mayuko Moriyama, Tomoko Sugiura, Ikuko Onishi, Manabu Honda, Norihiro Nagamura, Yuki Yoshioka, Toshiko Minamoto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevention and development of cervical cancer in SLE patients in Japan and its background based on a questionnaire survey. METHODS: The questionnaire was handed to 460 adult female SLE patients at 12 medical institutions. The participants were grouped by age, and data related to their HPV vaccination status, age at first coitus, cervical cancer screening, and diagnosis of cervical cancer were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 320 responses were received...
March 16, 2023: Modern Rheumatology
Tomonori Kimura, Hidekazu Ikeuchi, Mitsuaki Yoshino, Ryuichi Sakate, Shoichi Maruyama, Ichiei Narita, Keiju Hiromura
BACKGROUND: Kidney involvement frequently occurs in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and its clinical manifestations are complicated. We profiled kidney involvement in SLE patients using deep learning based on data from the National Database of Designated Incurable Diseases of Japan. METHODS: We analyzed the cross-sectional data of 1655 patients with SLE whose Personal Clinical Records were newly registered between 2015 and 2017. We trained an artificial neural network using clinical data, and the extracted characteristics were evaluated using an autoencoder...
March 16, 2023: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Neetu Tyagi, Kusum Mehla, Dinesh Gupta
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) are the two highly prevalent debilitating and sometimes life-threatening systemic inflammatory autoimmune diseases. The etiology and pathogenesis of RA and SLE are interconnected in several ways, with limited knowledge about the underlying molecular mechanisms. With the motivation to better understand shared biological mechanisms and determine novel therapeutic targets, we explored common molecular disease signatures by performing a meta-analysis of publicly available microarray gene expression datasets of RA and SLE...
2023: PloS One
Keenan A Lacey, Lee Serpas, Sohei Makita, Yueyang Wang, Ali Rashidfarrokhi, Chetna Soni, Sandra Gonzalez, Andre Moreira, Victor J Torres, Boris Reizis
Extracellular DNase DNASE1L3 maintains tolerance to self-DNA in humans and mice, whereas the role of its homolog DNASE1 remains controversial, and the overall function of secreted DNases in immunity is unclear. We report that deletion of murine DNASE1 neither caused autoreactivity in isolation nor exacerbated lupus-like disease in DNASE1L3-deficient mice. However, combined deficiency of DNASE1 and DNASE1L3 rendered mice susceptible to bloodstream infection with Staphylococcus aureus. DNASE1/DNASE1L3 double-deficient mice mounted a normal innate response to S...
June 5, 2023: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Xiaoqing Yi, Cancan Huang, Chuyi Huang, Ming Zhao, Qianjin Lu
BACKGROUND: The roles of gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of SLE have been receiving much attention during recent years. However, it remains unknown how fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) and microbial metabolites affect immune responses and lupus progression. METHODS: We transferred fecal microbiota from MRL/lpr (Lpr) mice and MRL/Mpj (Mpj) mice or PBS to pristane-induced lupus mice and observed disease development. We also screened gut microbiota and metabolite spectrums of pristane-induced lupus mice with FMT via 16S rRNA sequencing, metagenomic sequencing, and metabolomics, followed by correlation analysis...
March 16, 2023: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Amanda M Eudy, Jennifer L Rogers, Amy Corneli, Kevin McKenna, Mithu Maheswaranathan, David S Pisetsky, Lisa G Criscione-Schreiber, Jayanth Doss, Rebecca E Sadun, Kai Sun, Megan E B Clowse
OBJECTIVE: We have developed a new conceptual model to characterise the signs and symptoms of SLE: the Type 1 and 2 SLE Model. Within the original model, Type 1 SLE consists of inflammatory manifestations like arthritis, nephritis and rashes; Type 2 SLE includes symptoms of fatigue, myalgia, mood disturbance and cognitive dysfunction. Through in-depth interviews, we explored how the Type 1 and 2 SLE Model fits within the lived experience of patients with SLE, with a focus on the connection between Type 1 and Type 2 SLE symptoms...
August 2022: Lupus Science & Medicine
Tianyu Zhang, Zhongxun Yu, Sihao Gao, Yuelun Zhang, Changyan Wang, Shan Jian, Lin Wang, Lijuan Gou, Ji Li, Mingsheng Ma, Hongmei Song
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, it is not clear whether the anti-CMV treatment has an impact on the prognosis of SLE patients with CMV infection. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of CMV infection in pediatric SLE (pSLE) and to evaluate the effect of anti-CMV treatment on pSLE outcome. METHODS: A retrospective study including 146 pSLE from 2012 to 2021 was conducted...
March 16, 2023: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Chi Chiu Mok
INTRODUCTION: There is an unmet need to improve the efficacy of therapeutic regimens in lupus nephritis (LN). Cocktail immunosuppressive therapy for a synergistic effect of individual drugs may enhance the efficacy and enable dosage reduction. However, the potential increase in the risk of serious and opportunistic infections is a concern. Moreover, the timing of combination therapy, adoption of a step-up or step-down approach, and the choice of drugs is still controversial, partly related to the cost-effectiveness issue...
March 16, 2023: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
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