Randall Hough, Sylvan Charles Cox, Erica Chimelski, Fred G Mihm, Joshua M Tobin
BACKGROUND: Prehospital blood transfusion has been widely practiced in the military and is drawing renewed scrutiny after many years of civilian use. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to quantify the benefit derived from prehospital transfusion of blood products. METHODS: Deidentified data were extracted retrospectively from the flight records of a critical care transportation program between April 2018 and January 2020. Patients who were transported before a prehospital blood transfusion protocol were compared with patients after initiation of the blood transfusion protocol...
November 2023: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
Martina Valente, Maicol Zanellati, Giulia Facci, Nicola Zanna, Emilio Petrone, Erika Moretti, Francesco Barone-Adesi, Luca Ragazzoni
In May 2023, the Italian region Emilia-Romagna was hit by intense rainfall, which caused extensive floods in densely populated areas. On May 4, 2023, a 12-month state of emergency was declared in the region with the activation of response and recovery plans. This field report provides an overview of the health response to the floods, paying particular attention to the measures put in place to ensure care for displaced populations and raising interesting points of discussion regarding the role of the health system during extreme weather events (EWEs)...
September 27, 2023: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
R Myles Dickason, Attila J Hertelendy, Alexander Hart, Gregory R Ciottone
INTRODUCTION: Since 1902, disasters in the Northern Triangle of Central America, which consists of the countries Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, have caused over one-hundred-thousand deaths, affected millions of people, and caused tens of billions of dollars in damages. Understanding the nature and frequency of these events will allow stakeholders to decrease both the acute damages and the long-term deleterious consequences of disasters. STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study provides a descriptive analysis of all disasters recorded in the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT) affecting Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador from 1902-2022...
September 27, 2023: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Çağrı Safa Buyurgan, Seyran Bozkurt Babuş, Akif Yarkaç, Ataman Köse, Halil Oktay Usluer, Cüneyt Ayrık, Hüseyin Narcı, Gülhan Orekici Temel
INTRODUCTION: Earthquakes are sudden-onset natural disasters that are associated with substantial material damage, resulting in the collapse of built environment with a high rate of mortality, injury, and disability. Crush syndrome, which can be seen after devastating earthquakes, can lead to acute kidney injury (AKI) and patients may require amputation, fasciotomy, and dialysis. Supportive treatment has an important role in the prognosis of these patients. STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of traumatic earthquake survivors admitted to the emergency department (ED) of a hospital, which was close to the earthquake zone but not affected by the earthquake, after the February 6, 2023 Kahramanmaraş (Turkey) earthquakes...
September 27, 2023: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Christopher S Keller, Christopher Dilger, Shih-Chin Chou, Rasheed Lawal, Shane Jenks
INTRODUCTION: Quality improvement (QI) is a major focus of all departments and fields of health care, including emergency medical services. The chaotic and rapidly evolving atmosphere in which paramedics must practice can lead to inconsistency between what is documented and the actual events. This leads to difficulty when trying to evaluate the practitioners and when implementing a QI program. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of discrepancy between the video and written record for Rapid Sequence Intubation (RSI) performed in the field as a demonstration of the utility of video documentation in QI...
2023: HCA Healthc J Med
Colin Giovanni Mosca, Jaco P Kruger
INTRODUCTION: The phenomenon of Financial Medicine is a wide spread practice within the South African prehospital domain, which remains poorly researched. Similarly the impact of this phenomenon is not well understood, with many healthcare providers grappling with the moral dilemmas introduced into the work systems through the effects of the practice of Financial Medicine. Persisting, repetitive moral dilemmas can lead to instances of Moral Distress and Moral Injury. The practice of Financial Medicine in the South African prehospital domain proves to introduce many moral dilemmas and subsequently can serve as a source of Moral Distress and Moral Injury...
December 2023: African Journal of Emergency Medicine Revue
Brennan Gagen, Juan Duchesne, Michael Ghio, Abby Duplechain, Danielle Krakosky, John T Simpson, Danielle Tatum
BACKGROUND: Patients receiving massive transfusion protocol (MTP) are at risk for post-transfusion hypocalcemia and hyperkalemia. Previous retrospective analysis has suggested the potassium/ionized calcium (K/iCa) ratio as a prognostic indicator of mortality. This prospective study sought to validate the value of the K/iCa ratio as a predictor for mortality in patients receiving MTP. METHODS: This was a prospective analysis of adult trauma patients who underwent MTP activation from May 2019 - March 2021 at an urban Level 1 trauma center...
September 26, 2023: Shock
Tanner Smida, James J Menegazzi, Remle P Crowe, David D Salcido, James Bardes, Brent Myers
Objective End tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2 ) is often used to assess ventilation and perfusion during cardiac arrest resuscitation. However, few data exist on the relationship between ETCO2 values and mortality in the context of contemporary resuscitation practices. We aimed to explore the association between ETCO2 and mortality following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Methods We used the 2018-2021 ESO annual datasets to query all non-traumatic OHCA patients with attempted resuscitation. Patients with documented DNR/POLST, EMS-witnessed arrest, ROSC after bystander CPR only, or < 2 documented ETCO2 values were excluded...
September 26, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Sang Hoon Lee, Lauren C Riney, Brant Merkt, Shawn D McDonough, Jordan Baker, Stephanie Boyd, Yin Zhang, Gary L Geis
ObjectiveEmergency medical services (EMS) clinicians are expected to provide expert care to all patients, but face obstacles in maintaining skillsets required in the care of critically ill or injured children. The objectives of this study were to describe and assess the effectiveness of a pediatric-focused, simulation-based, procedural training program for EMS clinicians, delivered on-site by a pediatric simulation education team. We also describe a novel, remote, asynchronous performance outcome measurement system using first-person-view video review...
September 26, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Gregory W J Hawryluk, Al Lulla, Randy Bell, Andy Jagoda, Halinder S Mangat, Bentley J Bobrow, Jamshid Ghajar
Prehospital care markedly influences outcome from traumatic brain injury, yet it remains highly variable. The Brain Trauma Foundation's guidelines informing prehospital care, first published in 2002, have sought to identify and disseminate best practices. Many of its recommendations relate to the management of airway, breathing and circulation, and infrastructure for this care. Compliance with the second edition of these guidelines has been associated with significantly improved survival. A working group developed evidence-based recommendations informing assessment, treatment, and transport decision-making relevant to the prehospital care of brain injured patients...
September 26, 2023: Neurosurgery
Christopher Bond, Suchisimita Datta, William K Milne
Pre-hospital care of patients with potential cervical spine injuries has evolved over time from strict spinal immobilization (SI) with a hard collar and spine board to spinal motion restriction (SMR) with more variable use of cervical collars and patient positioning. There is limited research describing how these changes have been implemented. This study describes and analyzes the practice of SI/SMR in an urban Canadian Emergency Medical Service. We provide critical analysis of the article and summarize the social media discussion and a podcast in which the authors discuss their work...
September 26, 2023: Academic Emergency Medicine
Anas Khan, Raed M Alojayri, Naif Alhoseini, Faisel AlZahrani, Saad S Dammas, Mohammed Alothmani, Mohammad Almanjomi
BACKGROUND: Despite the pivotality of emergency medical services (EMS) in prehospital care for patient stabilization, prehospital intravenous (IV) access, a standard practice, remains an ambiguity in Saudi Arabia in terms of its prevalence of placement, justification, and utilization. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aim to estimate the prevalence and utilization rate of prehospital IV access placement in patients transported to King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) Emergency Medicine Department in Riyadh by EMS and determine the relationship between the prevalence and utilization rate of prehospital IV access in Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS) levels 1 and 2 in trauma and non-trauma patients...
August 2023: Curēus
Ryo Yamamoto, Masaru Suzuki, Junichi Sasaki
Emergency department thoracotomy (EDT) was incorporated into traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (t-OHCA) resuscitation. Although current guidelines recommend EDT with survival predictors, futility following EDT has been demonstrated and the potential risks have not been thoroughly investigated. This study aimed to elucidate the benefits and harms of EDT for persistent cardiac arrest following injury until hospital arrival. This retrospective cohort study used a nationwide trauma registry (2019-2021) and included adult patients with t-OHCA both at the scene and on hospital arrival...
September 25, 2023: Scientific Reports
Ryuichi Nakayama, Naofumi Bunya, Shuji Uemura, Keigo Sawamoto, Eichi Narimatsu
BackgroundThe relationship among advanced airway management (AAM), ventilation, and oxygenation in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) who achieve prehospital return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) has not been validated. This study was designed to evaluate ventilation and oxygenation for each AAM technique (supraglottic devices [SGA] or endotracheal intubation [ETI]) using arterial blood gas (ABG) results immediately after hospital arrival.MethodsThis observational cohort study, using data from the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine OHCA Registry, included patients with OHCA with prehospital and hospital arrival ROSC between July 1, 2014, and December 31, 2019...
September 25, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Sylvia Owusu-Ansah, Remle P Crowe, Sriram Ramgopal
Objective . Asthma represents one of the most common medical conditions among children encountered by emergency medical services (EMS). While care disparities for children with asthma have been observed in other healthcare settings, limited data exist characterizing disparities in prehospital care. We sought to characterize differences in prehospital treatment and transport of children with suspected asthma exacerbations by race and ethnicity, within the context of community socioeconomic status. Methods . We conducted a multi-agency retrospective study of EMS encounters in 2019 for children (2-17 years) with asthma and wheezing using a national prehospital database...
September 25, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Andrew J Benjamin, Andrew J Young, John B Holcomb, Erin E Fox, Charles E Wade, Chris Meador, Jeremy W Cannon
OBJECTIVE: Develop a novel machine learning (ML) model to rapidly identify trauma patients with severe hemorrhage at risk of early mortality. BACKGROUND: The critical administration threshold (CAT, 3 or more units of red blood cells in a 60-minute period) indicates severe hemorrhage and predicts mortality, whereas early identification of such patients improves survival. METHODS: Patients from the PRospective, Observational, Multicenter, Major Trauma Transfusion and Pragmatic, Randomized Optimal Platelet, and Plasma Ratio studies were identified as either CAT+ or CAT-...
September 2023: Annals of surgery open: perspectives of surgical history, education, and clinical approaches
Isabella Metelmann, Matthes Nagel, Bastian Schneider, Bernd Krämer, Sebastian Kraemer
PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic confronted prehospital emergency medical services (PHEMS) with immense challenges. This study aimed to investigate the development of PHEMS mission numbers and times in the COVID-affected region of Southwest Saxony (SWS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of PHEMS in SWS during lockdown periods and equal time spans in the previous and following years. Differences were tested for statistical significance using the chi-squared test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
2023: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
Alexandre Moser, Sarah Wagner, Katrin Habegger, Luca Cioccari, Sylvain Tosetti
Caving accidents are rare, but when they occur, they represent a unique logistical and medical challenge. Retrieving the patient to the surface often means navigating stretchers through narrow corridors with limited options for monitoring and interventions. Because the patient is usually not fasting, opioids and sedatives should be used with extreme caution. Therefore, alternative analgesic techniques such as locoregional nerve blocks are a promising strategy to improve patient comfort and safety during cave rescues...
September 21, 2023: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Benedikt Schick, Benjamin Mayer, Constanze Hensel, Sebastian Schmid, Bettina Jungwirth, Eberhard Barth, Claus-Martin Muth, Stephan Katzenschlager, Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona
BACKGROUND: Prehospital care of psychiatric patients often relies on the medical experience of prehospital emergency physicians (PHEPs). The psychiatrists (PSs) involved in the further treatment of psychiatric patients also often rely on their experience. Furthermore, the interaction between PHEPs and PSs is characterized by interaction problems and different approaches in the prehospital care of the psychiatric emergency. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the phenomenon of "medical experience" as a cause of possible interaction-related problems and assess its impact on the prehospital decision-making process between prehospital emergency physicians and psychiatrists...
September 23, 2023: BMC Emergency Medicine
Signe Amalie Wolthers, Stig Nikolaj Fasmer Blomberg, Niklas Breindahl, Sair Anjum, Daniel Hägi-Pedersen, Annette Ersbøll, Lars Bredevang Andersen, Helle Collatz Christensen
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare hospital admission and 30-day mortality between patients assessed by the prehospital assessment unit (PAU) and patients not assessed by the PAU. DESIGN: This was a matched cohort study. SETTING: This study was conducted between November 2021 and October 2022 in Region Zealand, Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: 989 patients aged >18, assessed by the PAU, were identified, and 9860 patients not assessed by the PAU were selected from the emergency calls using exposure density sampling...
September 22, 2023: BMJ Open
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