Tianli Zhang, Xiaodong Zhang, Huisheng Sun, Feng Zhou, Shiqin Lin, Hui Sang, Nannan Zheng, Ziyi Zhao, Jing Shi, Weirong Li
OBJECTIVE: The Chinese stroke emergency map (SEM) was implemented in 2017 to reduce prehospital and hospital delays for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients suitable for intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) thrombolysis. However, data on the time delay following the implementation of an SEM in China are limited. METHODS: Data for suspected stroke patients from the SEM registry center of Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, from August 2017 to July 2019, patients' characteristics, thrombolysis rate, and functional outcome at 90 days were analyzed...
July 11, 2020: Brain and Behavior
Shiyu Li, Anxin Wang, Xiaoli Zhang, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute ischemic stroke patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) have severe symptoms and poor prognosis. Early recognition of these patients in prehospital setting contributes to rapid triage to comprehensive stroke centers with endovascular therapy conditions. We aimed to develop a simple and efficient scale to identify LVO and compare with other published scales. METHODS: Medical records of acute ischemic stroke patients within 24 h of stroke onset at Beijing Tiantan hospital were retrospectively collected...
April 4, 2020: Atherosclerosis
Thierry Secheresse, Pascal Pansu, Laurent Lima
INTRODUCTION: Using simulation to train teams in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest management is recommended to improve team effectiveness. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a specific cardiac arrest management simulation training program inspired by the principles of Kolb's learning cycle. METHOD: All the staff in a medical prehospital emergency unit participated in this program. Both individual and team levels were evaluated: on an individual level, we assessed attitudes toward training and medical knowledge of cardiac arrest management; on a team level, we assessed team behavior during simulated cardiac arrest and learning transfer in clinical practice...
July 2, 2020: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Wiphawadee Potisopha, Karen M Vuckovic, Holli A DeVon, Chang G Park, Patricia E Hershberger
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the window from symptom onset to administration of tissue plasminogen activator for acute ischemic stroke was extended from 3 to 4.5 hours. Yet no systematic review has addressed prehospital delay by sex for stroke symptoms since this change. PURPOSE: We aimed to (1) compare prehospital delay times-the time from symptom onset to hospital arrival-between women and men with acute stroke or transient ischemic attack and (2) summarize factors influencing prehospital delay by sex...
July 3, 2020: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Francisco Martín-Rodríguez, Raúl López-Izquierdo, Elena Medina-Lozano, Guillermo Ortega Rabbione, Carlos Del Pozo Vegas, Virginia Carbajosa Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel Castro Villamor, Irene Sánchez-Soberon, Ancor Sanz-García
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services (EMS) routinely face complex scenarios where decisions should be taken with limited clinical information. The development of fast, reliable, and easy to perform warning biomarkers could help in such decision-making processes. The present study aims at characterizing the validity of point-of-care lactate (pLA) during prehospital tasks for predicting in-hospital mortality within two days after the EMS assistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective, multicentric, ambulance-based and controlled observational study without intervention, including six advanced life support and five hospitals...
July 10, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Sijia Liu, Chengqi He
OBJECTIVES: To date, we have only limited evidence of the determinants of earthquake inpatient mortality-related factors. This study is among the first to explore related factors of inpatient deaths using data from multiple hospitals and multiple earthquakes. METHODS: We included and retrospectively analyzed data on 32,976 earthquake inpatients in the West China Earthquake Patients Database. Of these, we analyzed the records of 284 patients who died during hospitalization...
July 10, 2020: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Min Lou, Jing Ding, Bo Hu, Yusheng Zhang, Hao Li, ZeFeng Tan, Yan Wan, An-Ding Xu
AIM: Stroke is characterised by high morbidity, mortality and disability, which seriously affects the health and safety of the people. Stroke has become a serious public health problem in China. Organisational stroke management can significantly reduce the mortality and disability rates of patients with stroke. We provide this evidence-based guideline to present current and comprehensive recommendations for organisational stroke management. METHODS: A formal literature search of MEDLINE (1 January 1997 through 30 September 2019) was performed...
July 8, 2020: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
Eric S Weinstein, Joseph L Cuthbertson, Luca Ragazzoni, Manuela Verde
INTRODUCTION: Emerging evidence is guiding changes in prehospital management of potential spinal injuries. The majority of settings related to current recommendations are in resource-rich environments (RREs), whereas there is a lack of guidance on the provision of spinal motion restriction (SMR) in resource-scarce environments (RSEs), such as: mass-casualty incidents (MCIs); low-middle income countries; complex humanitarian emergencies; conflict zones; and prolonged transport times. The application of Translational Science (TS) in the Disaster Medicine (DM) context was used to develop this study, leading to statements that can be used in the creation of evidence-based clinical guidelines (CGs)...
July 9, 2020: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Abdulrhman Alghamdi, Ahmed Alotaibi, Meshal Alharbi, Charles Reynard, Richard Body
INTRODUCTION: Chest pain is one of the most common reasons for 999 calls and transfers to the emergency department (ED). In these patients, acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is often the diagnosis that clinicians are seeking to exclude. However, only a minority of those patients have AMI, causing a substantial financial burden to health services. Cardiac troponin (cTn) is the reference standard biomarker for the diagnosis of AMI. Several commercially available point-of-care (POC) cTn assays are portable and could feasibly be used in an ambulance...
July 9, 2020: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Betty Y Yang, Leslie M Barnard, Jamie M Emert, Christopher Drucker, Leilani Schwarcz, Catherine R Counts, David L Murphy, Sally Guan, Kosuke Kume, Karen Rodriquez, Tracie Jacinto, Susanne May, Michael R Sayre, Thomas Rea
Importance: The ability to identify patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the prehospital emergency setting could inform strategies for infection control and use of personal protective equipment. However, little is known about the presentation of patients with COVID-19 requiring emergency care, particularly those who used 911 emergency medical services (EMS). Objective: To describe patient characteristics and prehospital presentation of patients with COVID-19 cared for by EMS...
July 1, 2020: JAMA network open
Brianna M Mills, Kelsey M Conrick, Scott Anderson, Julian Bailes, Barry P Boden, Darryl Conway, James Ellis, Francis Feld, Murphy Grant, Brian Hainline, Glenn Henry, Stanley A Herring, Wellington K Hsu, Alex Isakov, Tory Lindley, Lance McNamara, Jason P Mihalik, Timothy L Neal, Margot Putukian, Frederick P Rivara, Allen K Sills, Erik E Swartz, Monica S Vavilala, Ron Courson
INTRODUCTION: Sports participation is among the leading causes of catastrophic cervical spine injury (CSI) in the United States. Appropriate prehospital care for athletes with suspected CSIs should be available at all levels of sport. The goal of this project was to develop a set of best-practice recommendations appropriate for athletic trainers, emergency responders, sports medicine and emergency physicians, and others engaged in caring for athletes with suspected CSIs. METHODS: A consensus-driven approach (RAND/UCLA method) in combination with a systematic review of the available literature was used to identify key research questions and develop conclusions and recommendations on the prehospital care of the spine-injured athlete...
July 2020: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Jorge Rodríguez-Pardo, Sergio Secades-García, Nicolás Riera-López, María Alonso de Leciñana, Verónica Real-Martínez, Joaquín Carneado-Ruiz, Jaime Díaz-Guzmán, Exuperio Díez-Tejedor, José Egido-Herrero, Antonio Gil-Núñez, María Consuelo Matute-Lozano, Santiago Trillo, Rocío Vera-Lechuga, José Vivancos-Mora, Álvaro Ximénez-Carrillo, Blanca Fuentes
BACKGROUND: The existence of contraindications to intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) is considered a criterion for direct transfer of patients with suspected acute stroke to thrombectomy-capable centers (EVT-C) in the prehospital setting. Our aim was to assess the utility of this criterion in a setting where routing protocols are defined by the Madrid-DIRECT prehospital scale. METHODS: Post-hoc analysis of the M-DIRECT study. Reported contraindications to IVT were retrospectively collected from EMS reports and categorized into late window, anticoagulant treatment and other contraindications...
July 7, 2020: European Journal of Neurology
Matthew F Mason, Marianne Wallis, Bill Lord, Nigel Barr
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral intravenous catheters and intraosseous devices have been widely used in the prehospital setting for a considerable period. Changes in technology and guidelines have led to an increase in situations where use of these devices in a prehospital setting is recommended. Despite being commonplace they are not without risk of harm to the patient. STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine critically the research-based literature related to incidence of insertion of peripheral intravenous catheters and intraosseous devices, the use of these vascular access devices and to determine which health professionals insert them, most commonly, in the prehospital setting...
July 4, 2020: Australasian emergency care
Pauli Vuorinen, Joonas-Eemeli Kiili, Piritta Setälä, Antti Kämäräinen, Sanna Hoppu
BACKGROUND: Massive infusions of crystalloids into bleeding hypotensive patients can worsen the outcome. Military experience suggests avoiding crystalloids using early damage control resuscitation with blood components in out of hospital setting. Civilian emergency medical services have since followed this idea. We describe our red blood cell protocol in helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) and initial experience with prehospital blood products from the first 3 years after implementation...
July 7, 2020: BMC Emergency Medicine
Young Seok Oh, Ki Ok Ahn, Sang Do Shin, Kentaro Kagino, Tatsuya Nishiuchi, Matthew Ma, Patrick Ko, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Ng Yih Yng, Benjamin Leong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate variations in the effects of prehospital advanced airway management (AAM) on outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients according to regional emergency medical service (EMS) systems in four Asian cities. METHODS: We enrolled adult patients with EMS-treated OHCA of presumed cardiac origin between 2012 and 2014 from Osaka (Japan), Seoul (Republic of Korea), Singapore (Singapore), and Taipei (Taiwan). The main exposure variable was prehospital AAM...
June 2020: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
Matthieu Heidet, Thierry Da Cunha, Elise Brami, Eric Mermet, Michel Dru, Béatrice Simonnard, Eric Lecarpentier, Charlotte Chollet-Xémard, Corinne Bergeron, Mohamed Khalid, Brian Grunau, Jean Marty, Etienne Audureau
Increased emergency medical services (EMS) response times and areas of low socioeconomic status are both associated with poorer outcomes for several time-sensitive medical conditions attended to by medical personnel before a patient is hospitalized. We evaluated the association between EMS response times, area deprivation level, and on-scene access constraints encountered by EMS in a large urban area in France. We conducted a multicenter prospective cohort study of EMS dispatches occurring in the forty-seven cities in a region southeast of Paris...
July 2020: Health Affairs
Xiang-Min Gu, Shi-Bin Yao, Zhong-Jie He, Yong-Gang Wang, Zhi-Hui Li
BACKGROUND: Systematic evaluation of the successful heartbeat recovery rate (HRR) in patients during the platinum ten minutes after cardiac arrest. METHODS: The databases of CNKI (January 1979-March 2019), Chongqing VIP (January 1989-March 2019), Wanfang (January 1990-March 2019) and Web of Science (1900-May 2020) were searched. To collect the clinical data of patients with cardiac arrest before hospitalization and analyze the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at different times...
July 7, 2020: Military Medical Research
Rayan Jafnan Alharbi, Virginia Lewis, Ian Mosley, Charne Miller
BACKGROUND: Trauma is one of the leading causes of death worldwide with millions of people dying each year, particularly in low or middle-income countries. This paper describes and evaluates the current trauma system (TS) in Saudi Arabia (SA). METHODS: A scoping literature review was performed, incorporating an extensive search of Medline and Embase databases for refereed literature, as well as a search of grey literature to locate unpublished articles or reports in English or Arabic...
July 3, 2020: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Josefine S Baekgaard, Mohamed N Triba, Morgane Brandeis, Jacob Steinmetz, Yves Cohen, Judith Gorlicki, Lars S Rasmussen, Sandrine Deltour, Frédéric Lapostolle, Frédéric Adnet
AIM: Early-onset pneumonia (EOP) is a common in-hospital complication in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. In this substudy of the CAAM trial, we aimed to compare whether bag mask ventilation (BMV) compared to endotracheal intubation (ETI) performed during cardiopulmonary resuscitation increases the risk of developing EOP. METHODS: Adult patients from the CAAM trial that survived beyond 12 hours of hospitalization were included. Information about in-hospital management and outcome of study subjects was systematically collected...
July 3, 2020: Resuscitation
Darren Braude, Douglas Dixon, Michael Torres, John P Martinez, Sean O'Brien, Timothy Bajema
Background: Rapid Sequence Airway (RSA) describes the administration of an induction agent and paralytic followed by the intended primary placement of an extraglottic airway device rather than an endotracheal tube. The purpose of this study was to determine the success rates for prehospital RSA. The secondary goal was to determine aspiration rates among patients managed with RSA. Methods: Adult and pediatric prehospital RSA cases between 2005 and 2017 reported to an airway quality assurance registry from one ground and one air agency were reviewed...
July 6, 2020: Prehospital Emergency Care
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