Robin Pap, Craig Lockwood, Matthew Stephenson, Paul Simpson
BACKGROUND: Globally, the measurement of quality is an important process that supports the provision of high-quality and safe healthcare services. The requirement for valid quality measurement to gauge improvements and monitor performance is echoed in the Australian prehospital care setting. The aim of this study was to use an evidence-informed expert consensus process to identify valid quality indicators (QIs) for Australian prehospital care provided by ambulance services. METHODS: A modified RAND/UCLA appropriateness method was conducted with a panel of Australian prehospital care experts from February to May 2019...
July 21, 2021: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Duy P Tran, Donald H Arnold, Callie M Thompson, Neal J Richmond, Stephen Gondek, Rebecca S Kidd
Burns are routinely assessed at the scene of the incident by prehospital or emergency medical services providers. The initial management of burns is based on the calculation of the extent of the injury, reported as percent total body surface area. This study evaluates discrepancies in estimation of total body surface area (TBSA) between prehospital providers and burn team physicians over a 3-year period at an academic, university medical center serving as the regional burn center. A total of 120 adult and 27 pediatric patients (less than age 16 years) were included, with 95 (65%) male, 67 (45...
July 21, 2021: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Jan Gresil Kahambing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2021: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Mohammad Heidari, Hamid Jafari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2021: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Koji Shimizu, Masahiro Wakasugi, Toshiomi Kawagishi, Tomoya Hatano, Takamasa Fuchigami, Hiroshi Okudera
Purpose: To obtain effective systemic blood flow and coronary perfusion by chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, it is recommended that the interruption time of chest compressions be kept to a minimum, and that the chest compression fraction (CCF) should be kept high. In this study, we examined the effects of advanced airway management by paramedics in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases on CCF and on return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) before arrival at the hospital...
2021: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
Jenny Luke, Richard Franklin, Peter Aitken, Joanne Dyson
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to explore hospital socio-natural disaster resilience by identifying: studies assessing structural and non-structural aspects of building resilience; components required to maintain a safe and functional health facility; and if the checklists used were comprehensive and easily performed. METHODS: A review systemic approach using PRISMA was taken to search the literature. The search focused on articles that discuss hospital disaster resilience...
July 21, 2021: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Samuel J Stratton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2021: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Markku Kuisma, Heini Harve-Rytsälä, Jussi Pirneskoski, James Boyd, Mitja Lääperi, Ari Salo, Tuukka Puolakka
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of knowledge how patients with COVID-19 disease differ from patients with similar signs or symptoms (but who will have a diagnosis other than COVID-19) in the prehospital setting. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of these two patient groups met by the emergency medical services. METHODS: All prehospital patients after the World Health Organisation (WHO) pandemic declaration 11.3.2020 until 30.6.2020 were recruited for the study...
July 19, 2021: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Phantakan Tansuwannarat, Pongsakorn Atiksawedparit, Arrug Wibulpolprasert, Natdanai Mankasetkit
BACKGROUND: This work was to study the prehospital time among suspected stroke patients who were transported by an emergency medical service (EMS) system using a national database. METHODS: National EMS database of suspected stroke patients who were treated by EMS system across 77 provinces of Thailand between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2018, was retrospectively analyzed. Demographic data (i.e., regions, shifts, levels of ambulance, and distance to the scene) and prehospital time (i...
July 19, 2021: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ansha P Abubacker, Andrew Ndakotsu, Harsh V Chawla, Aimen Iqbal, Amit Grewal, Revathi Myneni, Govinathan Vivekanandan, Safeera Khan
Non-invasive ventilation is an important intervention in treating acute respiratory failure caused by acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE) and acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although there are studies that give evidence on the efficacy and safety of non-invasive ventilation over standard medical care for COPD and cardiogenic pulmonary edema, less are known about the form of non-invasive ventilation, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), or bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) as an effective intervention for respiratory failure and its efficacy and safety in prehospital settings...
June 2021: Curēus
Omer Perry, Eli Jaffe, Yuval Bitan
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new model to quantify information management dynamically and to identify factors that lead to information gaps. BACKGROUND: Information management is a core task for emergency medical service (EMS) team leaders during the prehospital phase of a mass-casualty incident (MCI). Lessons learned from past MCIs indicate that poor information management can lead to increased mortality. Various instruments are used to evaluate information management during MCI training simulations, but the challenge of measuring and improving team leaders' abilities to manage information remains...
July 18, 2021: Human Factors
Nicholas B Dadario, Rachel C Santana Felipes, Joseph V Cooney, Karen M Stephenson, Nicholas H Shleiwet, Timothy Liang, Farrukh N Jafri
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons Bleeding Control Course (B-Con) empowers bystanders with hemorrhage control skills to manage prehospital emergencies, but demonstrates poor skill retention. The point of care use of a free Stop the Bleed mobile phone application on the retention of hemorrhage control skills from the B-Con Course was explored. METHODS: Convenience sample of college students previously trained in B-Con were randomized into mobile application (MA) or control groups...
July 14, 2021: Journal of Surgical Research
Emily Z Holding, Elise M Turner, Trevor A Hall, Skyler Leonard, Kathryn R Bradbury, Cydni N Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite one third of children with acquired brain injury (ABI) experiencing new functional impairments following critical care admission, there is limited research investigating the impact of new functional impairments on overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL) or among important HRQOL domains. We aimed to investigate the association between new functional impairments, measured by the Functional Status Scale (FSS), and HRQOL in pediatric patients with ABI after critical care...
July 16, 2021: Neurocritical Care
Pieter Francsois Fouche, Ben Meadley, Toby StClair, Alison Winnall, Christopher Stein, Paul Andrew Jennings, Stephen Bernard, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: Rapid Sequence intubation (RSI) is an airway procedure that uses sedative and paralytic drugs to facilitate endotracheal intubation. It is known that RSI could impact blood pressure in the peri-intubation period. However, little is known about blood pressure changes in longer time frames. Therefore, this analysis aims to describe the changes in systolic blood pressure in a large cohort of paramedic-led RSI cases over the whole prehospital timespan. METHODS: Intensive Care Paramedics in Victoria, Australia, are authorised to use RSI in medical or trauma patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale <10...
July 16, 2021: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Debopam Samanta
INTRODUCTION: Seizure emergencies-status epilepticus and seizure clusters-require rapid evaluation and treatment. Several consensus-based guidelines support a prompt use of intravenous benzodiazepines as the first-line therapy in seizure emergencies. However, most seizure emergencies start outside the hospital settings. Until recently, approved prehospital rescue therapies were limited to rectal diazepam and buccal midazolam (Europe only). METHODS: The author provides a narrative review of rescue therapies for seizure emergencies based on a comprehensive literature review (PubMed and OvidSP vendors with appropriate keywords to incorporate recent evidence) to highlight the changing landscape of seizure recue therapies...
July 16, 2021: Neurological Sciences
Maxwell A Braverman, Alison Smith, Douglas Pokorny, Benjamin Axtman, Charles Patrick Shahan, Lauran Barry, Hannah Corral, Rachelle Babbitt Jonas, Michael Shiels, Randall Schaefer, Eric Epley, Christopher Winckler, Elizabeth Waltman, Brian J Eastridge, Susannah E Nicholson, Ronald M Stewart, Donald H Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Low titer O+ whole blood (LTOWB) is being increasingly used for resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock in military and civilian settings. The objective of this study was to identify the impact of prehospital LTOWB on survival for patients in shock receiving prehospital LTOWB transfusion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A single institutional trauma registry was queried for patients undergoing prehospital transfusion between 2015 and 2019. Patients were stratified based on prehospital LTOWB transfusion (PHT) or no prehospital transfusion (NT)...
July 2021: Transfusion
Guy Avital, Shaul Gelikas, Irina Radomislensky, Avishai M Tsur, Alex Sorkin, Eilat Shinar, Moran Bodas, Mark H Yazer, Andrew P Cap, Jacob Chen, Elon Glassberg, Avi Benov
BACKGROUND: Several tools have been proven to predict the need for massive transfusion in trauma casualties, yet tools that are easily applicable in the prehospital setting for predicting the need for any blood product transfusion in the emergency department (ED) are lacking. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the cross-referenced Israeli Defense Forces Trauma Registry and the Israeli National Trauma Registry databases was performed to identify predictors for any blood product transfusion in the ED...
July 2021: Transfusion
Henry T Peng, Shawn G Rhind, Dana Devine, Craig Jenkins, Andrew Beckett
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is a leading cause of preventable death in civilian and military trauma. Freeze-dried plasma is promising for hemostatic resuscitation in remote prehospital settings, given its potential benefits in reducing blood loss and mortality, long storage at ambient temperatures, high portability, and rapid reconstitution for transfusion in austere environments. Here we assess the ex vivo characteristics of a novel Terumo's freeze-dried plasma product (TFDP). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) tests (INTEM, EXTEM, and FIBTEM) were conducted on plasma samples at 37°C with a ROTEM delta-machine using standard reagents and procedures...
July 2021: Transfusion
Michael Adam Meledeo, Grantham C Peltier, Colby S McIntosh, James A Bynum, Jason B Corley, Andrew P Cap
BACKGROUND: Never frozen liquid plasma (LP) has limited shelf life versus fresh frozen plasma (FFP) or plasma frozen within 24 h (PF24). Previous studies showed decreasing factor activities after Day (D)14 in thawed FFP but no differences between LP and FFP until D10. This study examined LP function through D40. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: FFP and PF24 were stored at -20°C until assaying. LP was assayed on D5 then stored (4°C) for testing through D40. A clinical coagulation analyzer measured Factor (F)V, FVIII, fibrinogen, prothrombin time (PT), and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT)...
July 2021: Transfusion
Silver M Martin, Andrew D Fisher, Michael A Meledeo, David Wampler, Susannah E Nicholson, Katherine Raczek, Michael D April, Wells L Weymouth, James Bynum, Steven G Schauer
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is the leading cause of death in trauma patients with most fatalities occurring before reaching a higher level of care-this applies to both the civilian setting and the military combat setting. Hemostatic resuscitation with increased emphasis on blood transfusion while limiting use of crystalloids has become routine in trauma care. However, the prehospital setting-especially in combat-presents unique challenges with regard to storage, transport, and administration...
July 2021: Transfusion
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