K Pilarczyk, G Michels, S Wolfrum, G Trummer, N Haake
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (eCPR) is the implementation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in selected patients with cardiac arrest and may be considered when conventional CPR efforts fail, as written in the latest international guidelines. eCPR is a complex intervention that requires a highly trained team, specialized equipment, and multidisciplinary support within a healthcare system and it has the risk of several life-threatening complications. However, there are no randomized, controlled studies on eCPR, and valid predictors of benefit and outcome are lacking...
April 9, 2021: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Sang-Hun Lee, You Ho Mun, Hyun Wook Ryoo, Sang-Chan Jin, Jung Ho Kim, Jae Yun Ahn, Tae Chang Jang, Sungbae Moon, Dong Eun Lee, Hyungjong Park
Background: Timely treatment is important for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak may have caused delays in patient management. Therefore, we analyzed the prognosis and the time spent at the prehospital and hospital stages in managing patients diagnosed with AIS during the COVID-19 outbreak. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated patients diagnosed with AIS in the emergency department (ED) at five medical centers in Daegu city between February 18 and April 17 each year from 2018 to 2020...
2021: Emergency Medicine International
Karl Charlton, Matthew Limmer, Hayley Moore
BACKGROUND: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, a national lockdown was introduced on 23 March 2020. In the following weeks, emergency departments in the UK reported a reduction in attendances. We aimed to explore the incidence of emergency calls across North East England, as well as the number of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) deaths. METHODS: Data were collected for all patients who contacted North East Ambulance Service between 4 March 2019-2 June 2019 and 2 March 2020-31 May 2020 suffering stroke, ST elevation myocardial infarction, allergy, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, falls, intoxication, seizure, sepsis, acute coronary syndrome and OHCA...
April 8, 2021: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Tom Wells
A 49-year-old consultant medical oncologist, with a medical history of complete T5 spinal cord injury (March 1992) and long-term paralysis from the chest down, presented with shingles affecting the T7 dermatome. He also had a dull frontal headache, a feeling of agitation and increased blood pressure of 135/90 on a home blood pressure machine (higher than his usual blood pressure of 90/70). Having been taught about autonomic dysreflexia at the time of his initial spinal cord injury, he self-diagnosed autonomic dysreflexia caused by the noxious stimulus of shingles below his level of spinal cord injury...
April 7, 2021: BMJ Case Reports
Wesley D Jetten, Jeroen Seesink, Markus Klimek
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study is to review the available tools for prehospital triage in case of mass casualty incidents and secondly, to develop a tool which enables lay person first responders (LPFRs) to perform triage and start basic life support in mass casualty incidents. METHODS: In July 2019, online databases were consulted. Studies addressing prehospital triage methods for lay people were analyzed. Secondly, a new prehospital triage tool for LPFRs was developed...
April 8, 2021: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Veronica Vicente, Anders Johansson, Magnus Selling, Johnny Johansson, Sebastian Möller, Lizbet Todorova
INTRODUCTION: When in need of emergency care and ambulance services, the ambulance nurse is often the first point of contact for the patient with healthcare. This role requires comprehensive knowledge of the ambulance nurse to be able to assign the right level of care and, if necessary, to provide self-care advice for patients with no further conveyance to hospital. Recently, an application was developed for transmitting real-time video to facilitate consultation between ambulance nurses and prehospital physicians in the role of regional medical support (RMS) for ambulance care...
April 7, 2021: BMC Emergency Medicine
Eric Leslie, Eric Pittman, Brendon Drew, Benjamin Walrath
INTRODUCTION: Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic increasingly used in the prehospital and battlefield environment. As an analgesic, it has been shown to have comparable effects to opioids. In 2012, the Defense Health Board advised the Joint Trauma System to update the Tactical Combat Casualty Care Guidelines to include ketamine as an acceptable first line agent for pain control on the battlefield. The goal of this study was to investigate trends in the use of ketamine during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (OFS) during the years 2011-2016...
April 7, 2021: Military Medicine
Karen Lind, Amy Do-Nguyen
Neck trauma is an uncommon but serious presenting complaint in the emergency department. Many vital structures may be affected in a patient with a traumatic neck injury, including the airway, digestive tract, and carotid and vertebral arteries. Emergency clinicians must also be prepared to diagnose and manage occult and delayed presentations of injury related to neck trauma. This supplement reviews advances and best practices in the evaluation and management of patients with neck trauma, with a focus on evidence-based guidelines...
April 15, 2021: Emergency Medicine Practice
Michael Neeki, Stephen DuMontier, Jake Toy, Benjamin Archambeau, Eric Goralnick, Troy Pennington, Kenji Inaba, Rick Hammesfahr, David Wong, David S Plurad
Current mass casualty incident (MCI) response in the United States calls for rapid deployment of first responders, such as law enforcement, fire, and emergency medical services personnel, to the incident and simultaneous activation of trauma center disaster protocols. Past investigations demonstrated that the incorporation of advanced trauma-trained physicians and paramedics into prehospital teams resulted in improved mortality during routine emergency medical care in Europe and in the combat setting. To date, limited research exists on the incorporation of advanced trauma-trained physicians and paramedics into prehospital teams for civilian MCIs...
March 2, 2021: Curēus
Romeo R Fairley, Sophia Ahmed, Steven G Schauer, David A Wampler, Kaori Tanaka, Bryan Everitt, Mark K Sparkman, Ramon Casanova, Justin Sifuentes, Christopher J Winckler
BACKGROUND: Cricothyrotomy and chest needle decompression (NDC) have a high failure and complication rate. This article sought to determine whether paramedics can correctly identify the anatomical landmarks for cricothyrotomy and chest NDC. METHODS: A prospective study using human models was performed. Paramedics were partnered and requested to identify the location for cricothyrotomy and chest NDC (both mid-clavicular and anterior axillary sites) on each other...
April 7, 2021: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Alexander Olaussen, Bronwyn Beovich, Brett Williams
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the impact different journal articles have in any academic field is important - particularly in emerging professions. A bibliometric analysis like this does not yet exist for paramedicine, despite the rapid increase in its primary literature. The objective of the present study was to identify and analyse the 100 top-cited articles about paramedicine. METHODS: We searched the Scopus database in August 2020 for studies relating to paramedicine...
April 5, 2021: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Samuel J Stratton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2021: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Jennifer A Newberry, Marc Gautreau, Katherine Staats, Eli Carrillo, William Mulkerin, Samuel Yang, Michael A Kohn, Loretta Matheson, Scott D Boyd, Benjamin A Pinsky, Andra L Blomkalns, Matthew C Strehlow, Peter A D'Souza
Objective: Firefighter first responders and other emergency medical services (EMS) personnel have been among the highest risk healthcare workers for illness during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. We sought to determine the rate of seropositivity for SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies and of acute asymptomatic infection among firefighter first responders in a single county with early exposure in the pandemic. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of clinically active firefighters cross-trained as paramedics or EMTs in the fire departments of Santa Clara County, California...
April 5, 2021: Prehospital Emergency Care
Ruo S Chen, Laurel O'Connor, Matthew R Rebesco, Kara L LaBarge, Edgar J Remotti, Joseph C Tennyson
INTRODUCTION: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers are trained to place endotracheal tubes (ETTs) in the prehospital setting when indicated. Endotracheal tube cuffs are traditionally inflated with 10cc of air to provide adequate seal against the tracheal lumen. There is literature suggesting that many ETTs are inflated well beyond the accepted safe pressures of 20-30cmH2O, leading to potential complications including ischemia, necrosis, scarring, and stenosis of the tracheal wall...
April 5, 2021: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Hasan Idil, Turgay Yilmaz Kilic
OBJECTIVES: Central venous catheter (CVC) placement is an important procedure which is frequently performed in the emergency department (ED) and can cause serious complications. The aim of this study is to introduce a simulation-based tissue model for ultrasound (US)-guided central venous access practices and to compare the effectiveness of static and dynamic US techniques through this model. METHODS: This was a prospective study on US-guided CVC placement techniques simulated with a chicken tissue model...
April 5, 2021: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Sheila Turris, Haddon Rabb, Elizabeth Chasmar, Matthew Brendan Munn, Christopher W Callaghan, Alison Hutton, Jamie Ranse, Adam Lund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2021: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Graham Newton, Gudrun Reay, Catherine M Laing, Kathryn King-Shier
OBJECTIVE: Needle thoracostomy (NT) can be a life-saving procedure when used to treat tension pneumothorax. However, there is some question regarding the efficacy of NT in the prehospital setting. Failure to treat tension pneumothorax in a helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) setting may prove especially deleterious to the patient due to gas expansion with increasing altitude. This study's objective was to identify the characteristics of patients treated with NT in a Canadian HEMS setting and the factors that may influence outcomes following NT use...
April 5, 2021: Prehospital Emergency Care
James R Langabeer, Tiffany Champagne-Langabeer, Andrea J Yatsco, Meredith M O'Neal, Marylou Cardenas-Turanzas, Samuel Prater, Samuel Luber, Angela Stotts, Tom Fadial, Gina Khraish, Henry Wang, Bentley J Bobrow, Kimberly A Chambers
Objective: With a significant proportion of individuals with opioid use disorder not currently receiving treatment, it is critical to find novel ways to engage and retain patients in treatment. Our objective is to describe the feasibility and preliminary outcomes of a program that used emergency physicians to initiate a bridge treatment, followed by peer support services, behavioral counseling, and ongoing treatment and follow-up. Methods: We developed a program called the Houston Emergency Opioid Engagement System (HEROES) that provides rapid access to board-certified emergency physicians for initiation of buprenorphine, plus at least 1 behavioral counseling session and 4 weekly peer support sessions over the course of 30 days...
April 2021: Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians open
Abdullah Alshibani, Jay Banerjee, Fiona Lecky, Timothy J Coats, Meshal Alharbi, Simon Conroy
Caring for older people is an important part of prehospital practice, including appropriate triage and transportation decisions. However, prehospital triage criteria are designed to predominantly assess injury severity or high-energy mechanism which is not the case for older people who often have injuries compounded by multimorbidity and frailty. This has led to high rates of under-triage in this population. This narrative review aimed to assess aspects other than triage criteria to better understand and improve prehospital triage decisions for older trauma patients...
2021: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
Matthew Warren-James, Julie Hanson, Belinda Flanagan, Mary Katsikitis, Bill Lord
Work integrated learning (WIL) in the ambulance setting is an essential part of the paramedic curriculum. However, qualified ambulance personnel are reported to experience higher suicide rates and mental stress disorders due to high pressure work environments, and there is growing concern for the wellbeing of students entering this setting. The aim of this integrative review was to explore how studies have reported paramedic students' experience of stress whilst undertaking WIL. Five studies met the inclusion criteria and were evaluated for quality according to validated tools from the Critical Appraisal Skills Program, then ranked on the level of evidence used...
April 1, 2021: Australasian emergency care
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