Jan L Jensen, Fahd Al-Dhalaan, Jennifer Rose, Alix Carter, Jennifer McVey, Francine Butts, Terence Hawco, Peter Rose, Andrew H Travers
OBJECTIVES: In many emergency medical services (EMS) systems, a direct medical oversight physician is available to paramedics for mandatory and/or elective consultations. At the time of this study, a clinical support desk (CSD) was being implemented within the medical communications centre of a provincial EMS system in addition to the physician resource. The CSD was initially staffed with a registered nurse or an advanced care paramedic. The objective of the current study was to compare CSD "peer to peer" consults versus physician consults with regards to consultation patterns, transport dispositions, and patient safety measures...
November 28, 2022: Prehospital Emergency Care
Christopher Harrington Facem, Jimmy Bliss Facem, Leon Lam Franzcr, Christopher Partyka Facem
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of the serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) in the prehospital and retrieval environment including the ability to accurately identify those patients with thoracic trauma and clinically suspected rib fractures who would benefit from this procedure. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of all patients with thoracic trauma and clinically suspected rib fractures who received SAPB by a prehospital and retrieval medical team in New South Wales, Australia, between 2018 and 2021...
November 28, 2022: Prehospital Emergency Care
Tej D Azad, Sumil K Nair, Anita L Kalluri, Joshua Materi, A Karim Ahmed, Jawad Khalifeh, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Lisa N Sharwood, Robert C Sterner, Nathaniel P Brooks, Safwan Alomari, Farah N Musharbash, Kevin Mo, Daniel Lubelski, Timothy F Witham, Nicholas Theodore, Ali Bydon
BACKGROUND: Prompt surgical decompression after traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) may be associated with improved sensorimotor outcomes. Delays in presentation may prevent timely decompression after TSCI. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review existing studies investigating delays in presentation after TSCI in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and high-income countries (HICs). METHODS: A systematic review was conducted and studies featuring quantitative or qualitative data on prehospital delays in TSCI presentation were included...
October 28, 2022: World Neurosurgery
Joakim Agri, Carl Montán, Louise Söderin, Kristina Lennquist-Montán, Elsa Hammarberg
INTRODUCTION: Major incidents (MIs) put great demands on the medical response to effectively organize and redistribute resources and personnel, in prehospital care as well as hospital care, and coordinating functions. Studies indicate that regular training and well-established contingency plans are vital for the medical response to MIs. Previous assessments have concluded that Swedish disaster preparedness requires improved organization and coordination. There is currently no method to easily follow-up the preparedness work of the prehospital medical response organizations for MIs in Sweden...
November 28, 2022: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Esmeralda Melgoza, Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, Arturo Vargas Bustamante
INTRODUCTION: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had detrimental impacts across multiple sectors of the Mexican health care system. The prehospital care system, however, remains largely under-studied. The first objective of this study was to calculate the monthly per capita rates of injury-related 9-1-1 calls, traffic accidents, and crime at the state-level (Mexico City) during the early pandemic period (January 1 through June 30, 2020), while the second objective was to conduct these calculations at the borough-level for the same outcomes and time period...
November 28, 2022: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Zihan Gao, Qinqin Liu, Li Yang, Xuemei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Stroke has become a leading cause of mortality and adult disability in China. The key to treating acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is to open the obstructed blood vessels as soon as possible and save the ischemic penumbra. However, the thrombolytic rate in China is only 2.5%. Research has been devoted to investigating the causes of prehospital delay, but the exact controllable risk factors for prehospital delay remain uncertain, and a consensus is lacking. We aimed to develop a risk assessment tool to identify the most critical risk factors for prehospital delay for AIS patients...
2022: Frontiers in Public Health
Kyle Stupca, Nicholas Scaturo, Eileen Shomo, Tonya King, Marshall Frank
BACKGROUND: Refractory ventricular fibrillation (VF) and pulseless ventricular tachycardia (pVT) cardiac arrest describes a subset of patients who do not respond to standard Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) interventions and are associated with poor outcomes. Esmolol administration and vector change defibrillation have shown promise in improving outcomes in these patients, however evidence is limited. OBJECTIVES: This study compares clinical outcomes between patients with prehospital refractory VF/pVT who received an Emergency Medical Service (EMS) bundle, comprised of esmolol administration, vector change defibrillation, and dose-capped epinephrine at 3 mg, to patients who received standard ACLS interventions...
November 17, 2022: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Henriette Bruun, Louise Milling, Søren Mikkelsen, Lotte Huniche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2022: BMC Medical Ethics
Nicolas Py, Sandrine Pons, Matthieu Boye, Thibault Martinez, Sylvain Ausset, Christophe Martinaud, Pierre Pasquier
BACKGROUND: The French Armed Forces conduct asymmetric warfare in the Sahara-Sahel Strip. Casualties are treated with damage control resuscitation to the extent possible. Questions remain about the feasibility and sustainability of using blood for wider use in austere environments. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all French military trauma patients transfused after injury in overseas military operations in Sahel-Saharan Strip, from the point of injury, until day 7, between January 11, 2013 to December 31, 2021...
November 25, 2022: Transfusion
Yotam Deri, Baruch Berzon, Debra West, Matan Machloof, Refael Strugo, Tomer Kaplan, Shelly Soffer
Background : In recent years, several actions have been made to shorten the chain of survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). These include placing defibrillators in public places, training first responders, and providing dispatcher-assisted CPR (DA-CPR). In this work, we aimed to evaluate the impact of these changes on patients' outcomes, including achieving return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), survival to discharge, and survival with favorable neurological function. Methods : We retrospectively retrieved data of all calls to the national emergency medical service in Ashdod city, Israel, of individuals who underwent OHCA at the age of 18 and older between the years 2018 and 2021...
November 20, 2022: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Giuseppe Stirparo, Giuseppe Ristagno, Lorenzo Bellini, Rodolfo Bonora, Andrea Pagliosa, Maurizio Migliari, Aida Andreassi, Carlo Signorelli, Giuseppe Maria Sechi, Nazzareno Fagoni
OBJECTIVES: During the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, emergency medical services (EMSs) were among the most affected; in fact, there were delays in rescue and changes in time-dependent disease networks. The aim of the study is to understand the impact of COVID-19 on the time-dependent trauma network in the Lombardy region. METHODS: A retrospective analysis on major trauma was performed by analysing all records saved in the EmMa database from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019 and from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020...
November 15, 2022: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Jessica L McKee, Kyle Couperus, Christopher J Colombo
Point-of-Care ultrasound (POCUS) is an invaluable tool permitting the understanding of critical physiologic and anatomic details wherever and whenever a patient has a medical need. Thus the application of POCUS has dramatically expanded beyond hospitals to become a portable user-friendly technology in a variety of prehospital settings. Traditional thinking holds that a trained user is required to obtain images, greatly handicapping the scale of potential improvements in individual health assessments. However, as the interpretation of ultrasound images can be accomplished remotely by experts, the paradigm wherein experts guide novices to obtain meaningful images that facilitate remote care is being embraced worldwide...
November 21, 2022: Diagnostics
Sara Rahsepar, Mohammad Sadegh Sanie Jahromi, Samaneh Abiri, Reza Akhavan, Hossein Akhavan, Bita Abbasi, Fatemeh Maleki, Somayyeh Ahmadnezhad, Behrang Rezvani Kakhki, Navid Kalani, Pourya Adibi
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-Care Testing (POCT) could be helpful in clinical decisions, treatment selection, monitoring, prognostication, operational decision-making, and resource utilization. This study aimed to review the role of POCT in time metrics of performing urgent interventions in the emergency department (ED) or disposition time to proper care. METHODS: This was a systematic review of the literature based on the PRISMA statement. PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases were searched for studies reporting the application of the POCT in the ED with outcomes of the time to intervention or disposition...
2022: Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine
Timothy Edwards, Paul Rees
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to establish epidemiology, clinical management and outcomes in cases of adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest complicated by hyperthermia attended by the London Ambulance Service NHS Trust between January 2018 and December 2019. Where evidence is available in relation to this sub-set of cardiac arrest patients it is generally limited to small case series and we therefore we sought to improve knowledge and target therapeutic interventions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospective analysis of 253 cases was undertaken following abstraction from an established cardiac arrest database...
December 2022: Resuscitation plus
Sean M Stuart, Megan L Bohan, Emily E Friedrich
INTRODUCTION: Tactical Combat Casualty Care guidelines recommend packing junctional wounds with gauze, applying direct pressure for 3 minutes, and then securing with an external pressure dressing. This method is time-consuming, which can be problematic in a combat environment. Alternatively, the iTClamp has documented efficacy and rapid application. However, no studies have evaluated device application by military prehospital medical providers, such as Navy corpsmen, or their user experience with the device...
November 25, 2022: Military Medicine
Travis M Sullivan, Zachary P Milestone, Cindy D Colson, Peyton E Tempel, Waverly V Gestrich-Thompson, Randall S Burd
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital vital signs and the Glasgow Coma Scale score are often missing in clinical practice and not recorded in trauma databases. Our study aimed to identify factors associated with missing prehospital physiological values, including systolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, peripheral oxygen saturation, and Glasgow Coma Scale. METHODS: We used our hospital trauma registry to obtain patient, injury, resuscitation, and transportation characteristics for injured children and adolescents (age <15 y)...
November 21, 2022: Journal of Surgical Research
Jonathan Mitchell, Ahmad Zeineddin, LaDonna Kearse, Katherine D Downton, Adam L Kushner, Shailvi Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Humanitarian surgery is essential to surgical care in limited resource settings. The difficulties associated with resource constraints necessitate special training for civilian surgeons to provide care in these situations. Specific training or curricula for humanitarian surgeons are not well described in the literature. This scoping review summarizes the existing literature and identifies areas for potential improvement. METHODS: A review of articles describing established courses for civilian surgeons interested in humanitarian surgery, as well as those describing training of civilian surgeons in conflict zones, was performed...
November 21, 2022: Journal of Surgical Research
Tesfaye Abebe, Yared Boru, Ermiyas Belay, Asmamaw Abebe, Merahi Kefyalew, Fitsum Kifle
INTRODUCTION: The term traumatic injury refers to physical injuries that present quickly and with a great deal of severity. These injuries can result from blunt, penetrating, and other causes. The best patients' outcomes are achieved when all parts of a trauma care system are in place. In low-resource settings, these facilities are scarce and their requirements high. Identifying patient profiles and evaluating these in relation to patient outcomes will help to guide interventions and monitor progress...
December 2022: African Journal of Emergency Medicine Revue
Chao Liu, Xu-Ping Zhu, Xiao-Wei Zhu, Yan-Min Jiang, Guang-Jun Xi, Lan Xu
Acute hyperglycemia is a powerful indicator of the severity of acute ischemic stroke (AIS); however, the relationship between these two factors is not very clear in patients with diabetes. We aimed to retrospectively evaluate data from 335 consecutive patients who experienced AIS from November 2015 to November 2016 to investigate whether a comprehensive assessment of blood glucose levels is a more valuable indicator of the severity of AIS or the presence of acute hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes. We collected demographic data, clinical manifestation information, clinical scores, and laboratory data [including fasting blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels]...
2022: Frontiers in Neurology
Ulrika Margareta Wallgren, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson, Jan Sjölin, Lisa Kurland
BACKGROUND: Patients presenting with infection to the ambulance are common, but risk factors for poor outcome are not known. The primary aim of the current study was to study the association between variables measured in the ambulance and mortality among adult patients with and without infection. The secondary aim was to study the association between these variables and mortality in a subgroup of patients who developed sepsis within 36 h. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 553 ambulance patients with, and 318 patients without infection, performed in Stockholm during 2017-2018...
November 23, 2022: BMC Emergency Medicine
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