Motonobu Kimizuka, Yasuyuki Tokinaga, Ryu Azumaguchi, Kosuke Hamada, Satoshi Kazuma, Michiaki Yamakage
BACKGROUND: Several anesthetic agents are used in cesarean sections for both regional and general anesthesia purposes. However, there are no data comparing the in vivo effects of propofol, sevoflurane, and dexmedetomidine on the contraction of the myometrium in pregnant rats. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of these anesthetic agents on myometrial contraction and elucidate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Contraction force and frequency changes in response to propofol, dexmedetomidine, or sevoflurane were evaluated in vivo and in vitro...
October 24, 2020: Journal of Anesthesia
Wei Zhao, Ling Ma, Jingjing Wang, Xiaoyan Shi
BACKGROUND The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that intravenous dexmedetomidine is safe and effective when administered to women before and during cesarean section. MATERIAL AND METHODS The analysis included 392 women who received spinal anesthesia and no analgesia prior to undergoing elective cesarean delivery. Of them, 115 women received dexmedetomidine before anesthesia and during delivery (DX cohort), 109 received normal saline before anesthesia and during delivery and dexmedetomidine after delivery (SC cohort), and 168 received normal saline only before anesthesia and during delivery (CN cohort)...
October 24, 2020: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Jason M Cuéllar, Willis Wagner, Alexandre Rasouli
BACKGROUND: As healthcare costs rise, attempts are being made to perform an increasing proportion of spine surgery in ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs). ASCs are more efficient, both economically and functionally. There remains uncertainty regarding the safety of performing anterior lumbar procedures requiring vascular access, as little has been published on this subset of patients. METHODS: This is a consecutive case series analysis of anterior lumbar spine surgeries that were performed in a free-standing ASC in a private-practice setting over a 1-year period, including anterior lumbar interbody fusion, artificial disc replacement, and hybrid procedures...
October 23, 2020: International Journal of Spine Surgery
Henrik C Bäcker, Christina E Freibott, Carsten Perka, Mark Weidenbaum
INTRODUCTION: A few articles on robot-assisted pedicle screw placement described the learning curve but failed to report on the overall operative time, including cases in which the robotic system malfunctioned. The purpose of this study was to identify a single surgeon's learning curve including estimated blood loss, surgery time, anesthesia time, robot time, and complications. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed between January 2016 and August 2018 for patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion using the Mazor robot...
October 23, 2020: International Journal of Spine Surgery
McKayla E Kelly, Justin J Turcotte, Jacob M Aja, James H MacDonald, Paul J King
BACKGROUND: Recent literature has suggested some benefits for neuraxial anesthesia (NA) as an alternative for general anesthesia (GA) for primary total hip arthroplasty patients. We examined the impact of NA vs GA on outcomes for patients undergoing direct anterior (DA) approach total hip arthroplasty (THA) in an institution with established rapid recovery protocols. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted for 500 consecutive THA patients from a single institution...
October 6, 2020: Journal of Arthroplasty
Bo Qu, Luying Chen, Yuling Zhang, Mengting Jiang, Caineng Wu, Wuhua Ma, Yuhui Li
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.
October 23, 2020: BMC Anesthesiology
Asensio Gonzalez, Tinen L Iles, Paul A Iaizzo, Oliver Bandschapp
BACKGROUND: Statin intake is associated with muscular side effects, among which the unmasking of latent myopathies and of malignant hyperthermia (MH) susceptibility have been reported. These findings, together with experimental data in small animals, prompt speculation that statin therapy may compromise the performance of skeletal muscle during diagnostic in vitro contracture tests (IVCT). In addition, statins might reduce triggering thresholds in susceptible individuals (MHS), or exacerbate MH progression...
October 23, 2020: BMC Anesthesiology
Mascha O Fiedler, Elisabeth Schätzle, Marius Contzen, Christian Gernoth, Christel Weiß, Thomas Walter, Tim Viergutz, Armin Kalenka
Background and objectives: The laryngeal mask is the method of choice for airway management in children during minor surgical procedures. There is a paucity of data regarding optimal management of mechanical ventilation in these patients. The Supreme™ airway laryngeal mask offers the option to insert a gastric tube to empty the stomach contents of air and/or gastric juice. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the impact of positive end-expiratory positive pressure (PEEP) levels on ventilation parameters and gastric air insufflation during general anesthesia in children using pressure-controlled ventilation with laryngeal mask...
October 21, 2020: Medicina
Timothy Joseph Lane
For millennia self has been conjectured to be necessary for consciousness. But scant empirical evidence has been adduced to support this hypothesis. Inconsistent explications of "self" and failure to design apt experiments have impeded progress. Advocates of phenomenological psychiatry, however, have helped explicate "self," and employed it to explain some psychopathological symptoms. In those studies, "self" is understood in a minimalist sense, sheer "for-me-ness." Unfortunately, explication of the "minimal self" (MS) has relied on conceptual analysis, and applications to psychopathology have been hermeneutic, allowing for many degrees of interpretive latitude...
October 19, 2020: Consciousness and Cognition
C-X Yang, F Bao, J Zhong, L Zhang, L-B Deng, Q Sha, H Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Neuroinflammation in the hippocampus has been determined to contribute to postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) occurrence in elderly individuals. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) have been identified as important regulators of inflammation. However, the roles of different types of HDACs in POCD have never been fully explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: POCD mouse models were established using isoflurane and validated by the Morris water maze test. The mice were pretreated with UF010 [a Class I HDAC inhibitor (HDACi)], MC1568 (a Class II HDACi) and SAHA (a Class I and II HDACi) before POCD establishment...
October 2020: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Jeffrey W Milsom, Koianka Trencheva, Farida Gadalla, Sharon Abramovitz, Kelly A Garrett
Background: Rectal prolapse (RP) is primarily a disease of the elderly, where treatment may be associated with significant postoperative morbidity including that related to anesthesia. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a novel abdominal approach to RP repair under sedation and local anesthesia and to assess short- and long-term clinical outcomes in elderly patients (>70 years). Design Settings: This is a prospective pilot study with 10 patients using a novel RP repair...
October 21, 2020: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Arthur José Barbosa de França, Rayanna Thayse Florêncio Costa, João Luiz Gomes Carneiro Monteiro, Nelson Studart Rocha, Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos, Sandra Lúcia Dantas de Moraes
OBJECTIVES: The present systematic review aimed to evaluate whether the IANB (conventional inferior alveolar nerve block) technique is superior to the VA (Vazirani-Akinosi) or GG (Gow-Gates) techniques for anesthesia in the removal of posterior mandibular teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was structured according to the PICO strategy, adhered to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) checklist, and was recorded on the international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO-CRD42020153130)...
October 22, 2020: Clinical Oral Investigations
Serdar Demirgan, Funda Gümüş Özcan, Ezgi Kargı Gemici, Hasan Cem Güneyli, Erkan Yavuz, Osman Bilgin Gülçiçek, Ayşin Selcan
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine whether applying the reverse Trendelenburg position before pneumoperitoneum has a preventive effect on increased intracranial pressure using optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement as a noninvasive parameter. Seventy-nine patients were allocated to two groups according to whether pneumoperitoneum was applied in the supine position (group S, n = 40) or in the reverse Trendelenburg position (group RT, n = 39). The ONSD was measured at the following time points: T0: before anesthesia; T1: after endotracheal intubation; T2: after pneumoperitoneum in group S and after positioning in group RT; T3: after positioning in group S and after pneumoperitoneum in group RT; T4: 30 min after endotracheal intubation, and T5: after desufflation...
October 21, 2020: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Ling-Hao Bu, Jie Zhang, Jun-Feng Lu, Jin-Song Wu
Awake craniotomy with language mapping is being increasingly applied to avoid postoperative language dysfunctions worldwide. However, the effectiveness and reliability of this technique remain unclear due to the paucity of studies comparing the awake craniotomy with general anesthesia. To determine the benefit of awake craniotomy for language, motor, and neurological functions, as well as other clinical outcomes, we searched Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database up to December 2019...
October 21, 2020: Neurosurgical Review
Dong Soo Lee, Minseok Suh, Azmal Sarker, Yoori Choi
Since glymphatic was proposed and meningeal lymphatic was discovered, MRI and even PET were introduced to investigate brain parenchymal interstitial fluid (ISF), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and lymphatic outflow in rodents and humans. Previous findings by ex vivo fluorescent microscopic, and in vivo two-photon imaging in rodents were reproduced using intrathecal contrast (gadobutrol and the similar)-enhanced MRI in rodents and further in humans. On dynamic MRI of meningeal lymphatics, in contrast to rodents, humans use mainly dorsal meningeal lymphatic pathways of ISF-CSF-lymphatic efflux...
October 2020: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Hamidreza Shetabi, Seyed Jalal Hashemi, Fariba Haghi, Dariush Moradi Farsani
Background: The study was aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of fentanyl and pethidine on the sedative quality of patients who underwent phacoemulsification cataract surgery with Propofol. Materials and Methods: In this double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial, patients who were candidates for elective phacoemulsification surgery with topical anesthesia were enrolled. The selected patients were randomly allocated into the two groups for receiving sedation with Propofol-Pethidine (PP) or propofol-fentanyl (PF) combinations...
2020: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Meghana Illendula, Hari Prasad Osuru, Bianca Ferrarese, Navya Atluri, Elzbieta Dulko, Zhiyi Zuo, Nadia Lunardi
Objective: To establish a clinically relevant mouse model of perioperative delirium. Methods: Aged C57BL/6J mice were tested at baseline in the Y-maze novel arm preference, buried food, simple discrimination task of the attentional set-shifting test, and open field tests. They were subsequently randomized to insult (anesthesia, surgery, and Intensive Care Unit environment) or control group. Insult-exposed mice received laparotomy under sevoflurane anesthesia, propofol sedation and exposure to intermittent lights, sounds and cage shaking...
2020: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Yeoun-Hee Kim, Tae Woo Oh, Eunhee Park, Nam-Hui Yim, Won-Kyung Cho, Jin-Yeul Ma
Purpose: The present study aimed to determine whether the administration of Acer palmatum thumb. leaf extract (KIOM-2015E) protects against the degeneration of rat retinal ganglion cells after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induced by midbrain cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 90 min of MCAO, which produces transient ischemia in both the retina and brain due to the use of an intraluminal filament that blocks the ophthalmic and middle cerebral arteries...
2020: Molecular Vision
Harifetra M R Randriamizao, Aurélia Rakotondrainibe, Lova D E Razafindrabekoto, Prisca F Ravoaviarivelo, Andriambelo T Rajaonera, Mamy L Andriamanarivo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present the first cases of spinal anesthesia, in newborns and infants, preterm/ex-prematures, in order to determine its feasibility and its potential harmlessness, in Antananarivo-Madagascar. Indeed, spinal anesthesia is a low cost technique and can limit respiratory complications, postoperative apnea a contrario with pediatric general anesthesia which can lead to perioperative risks. RESULTS: In a retrospective, descriptive, 7-year (2013 to 2019) period study, conducted in the University Hospital Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona, 69 patients' data files planned to have spinal anesthesia were recorded...
October 21, 2020: BMC Research Notes
D Wu, Y F Xia, X M Yang, H M Wang, J Qian, Y Liu
Objective: To observe the analgesic effect, complication and patient satisfaction of Acute Pain Service (APS) after thoracic surgery. Methods: The clinical data were collected from 264 patients who underwent different thoracic surgery from January 2017 until December 2019 retrospectively. They were divided into thoracotomy group (group O) and thoracoscopy surgery group (group T). There were 90 cases in group O and 174 cases in group T. According to the use of APS, the group O is divided into the no-APS group (group O1) and the APS group (group O2), the group T is divided into the no-APS group (group T1) and the APS group (group T2)...
October 20, 2020: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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