Tetsuya Fukui, Kikuko Minami, Yusuke Wakatsuki, Tadashi Matsukura
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes of thoracoscopic surgery for intractable secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) under local anesthesia in high-risk patients and report intraoperative findings useful for identifying air leakage points. METHODS: We analyzed outcomes of 14 consecutive thoracoscopic operations under local anesthesia for high-risk SSP from 2015 to 2019. Suspicious lesions were determined based on intraoperative direct or indirect detections. Direct detection involved identifying pleural fistulas or air bubbles...
March 29, 2020: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Wen-Ying Liu, Hattie Liu, Jasmin Aggarwal, Zhi-Li Huang, Richard L Horner
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is produced by the hypothalamus but most brain TRH is located elsewhere where it acts as a neuromodulator. TRH-positive neurons project to the hypoglossal motoneuron pool where TRH receptor RNA shows a high degree of differential expression compared to the rest of the brain. Strategies to modulate hypoglossal motor activity are of physiological and clinical interest given the potential for pharmacotherapy for obstructive sleep apnea, a common and serious respiratory disorder...
March 28, 2020: Sleep
Fernando Jáuregui-Huerta, Diego Redolar-Ripoll, Juan C Cupul-García, Juan P Trillo-Gómez, Yaveth Ruvalcaba-Delgadillo
General anesthetics are crucial drugs for surgical interventions, which are indicated to induce analgesia, diminish pain, and reduce anxiety in order to facilitate invasive procedures. In pediatric patients, benefits of general anesthetics also include abolishment of motility. Besides their probed benefits on surgery, the recent warning of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on the use of general anesthetics in children yielded a controversy on their potential neurotoxic effects. In this review, the main facts of the cerebral development are studied, and the available evidence concerning the use of general anesthesia on the neuropsychological development of children is analyzed...
2020: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
Francesca Sperotto, Maria C Mondardini, Clara Dell'Oste, Francesca Vitale, Stefania Ferrario, Maria Lapi, Federica Ferrero, Maria P Dusio, Emanuele Rossetti, Marco Daverio, Angela Amigoni
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate dexmedetomidine efficacy in assuring comfort and sparing conventional drugs when used for prolonged sedation (≥24 hr) in critically ill patients, by using validated clinical scores while systematically collecting drug dosages. We also evaluated the safety profile of dexmedetomidine and the risk factors associated with adverse events. DESIGN: Observational prospective study. SETTING: Nine tertiary-care PICUs...
March 12, 2020: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Olubukola O Nafiu, Aleda M Leis, Wendy Wang, Matthew Wixson, Lara Zisblatt
BACKGROUND: The critical question of racial and gender diversity in pediatric anesthesia training programs has not been previously explored. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate trends by race/ethnicity and gender in pediatric anesthesiology fellowship training programs in the United States for the years 2000 to 2018. METHODS: Demographic data on pediatric anesthesiology fellows and anesthesiology residents were obtained from the self-reported data collected for the Journal of the American Medical Association's annual report on Graduate Medical Education for the years 2000 to 2018...
March 27, 2020: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Yi Sun, Fan Ye, Jing Wang, Pan Ai, Changwei Wei, Anshi Wu, Wuxiang Xie
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium is a major debilitating complication for patients and is associated with poor outcomes. Previous studies have suggested that excessive general anesthesia may lead to postoperative delirium. Electroencephalography (EEG)-based monitors have been administered in clinical practice in an attempt to deliver appropriate anesthesia. The aim of this updated meta-analysis was to evaluate the current body of research concerning the effects of EEG-based monitor on postoperative delirium...
March 27, 2020: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jasmin Baier, Anne Rix, Natascha Ingrid Drude, Milita Darguzyte, Maike Baues, Jan-Niklas May, Sandra Schipper, Diana Möckel, Rupert Palme, René Tolba, Fabian Kiessling
OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered to be well tolerated by laboratory animals. However, no systematic study has been performed yet, proving this assumption. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the possible effects of longitudinal native and contrast-enhanced (CE) 1-T and 7-T MRI examinations on mouse welfare as well as 4T1 breast cancers progression and therapy response. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-seven healthy and 72 breast cancer-bearing mice (4T1) were investigated...
March 27, 2020: Investigative Radiology
Shokrollah Zandi, Carrie Leigh Hamby Atcheson, Seyedeh Reyhaneh Yousefi, Farhad Zahedi, Sadafsadat Mirkarimi, Karim Nasseri
We present the case of a 39-year-old woman with postpartum cerebellar infarction (CI) following spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery. The patient experienced mild headache after postoperative day 1 and returned on postoperative day 6 with a severe headache. For the subsequent 3 days, she underwent conservative treatment for presumed postdural puncture headache (PDPH) before neurologic decline and diagnosis of CI on postoperative day 9. She subsequently underwent craniotomy and debridement of necrotic tissues...
April 2020: A&A Practice
Jörg Reutershan, Markus Finckh, Rainer Getto, Winfried Rauch, Sven Schimanski, Michael Vieth, Thomas Rupprecht
Caudal anesthesia is referred to as a simple and safe method to obtain analgesia in infants during various surgical procedures. Here, we present a fatal course of a premature infant that received caudal anesthesia for inguinal hernia repair. While anesthesia and surgery were uneventful, the child developed an acute bacterial meningoencephalitis within a few hours. Microbiology revealed the presence of Clostridium perfringens in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The infant died 17 days after surgery. Preoperative screening for C...
April 2020: A&A practice
Lacey E Straube, Gustaaf G de Ridder, Christopher A Huber, Samuel N Blacker
A parturient with unknown thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) received spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery with subsequent discovery of a platelet count of 7000 × 10/L. Neurologic recovery was normal. Limited data exist to determine the risk of spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) in severely thrombocytopenic patients because they often receive alternate labor analgesia or general anesthesia during cesarean delivery. There is reporting bias in the literature toward cases in which severely thrombocytopenic patients sustain complications after regional anesthesia...
April 2020: A&A Practice
Colleen M McFaul, Stefan Lombaard, Vivek Arora, William C Van Cleve, G Alec Rooke, Jordan M Prutkin
We present the case of a patient with a subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) in situ. Device interrogation and reprogramming were unsuccessful due to a software mismatch between the device and programmer. The device manufacturer recommended magnet application to suspend antitachycardia therapy. Despite using this strategy, the S-ICD discharged multiple times. The S-ICD has unique perioperative considerations for the anesthesiologist. This case provides an example of the complexity of electrophysiologic devices in current use and the necessity of the anesthesia provider to stay up to date with evolving device management strategies...
April 2020: A&A Practice
Friedrich Lersch, Pascal Jerney, Heiko Kaiser, Cédric Willi, Katharina Steck, Darren Hight, Frédéric Zubler
Motor activity during general anesthesia (GA) without neuromuscular blockade is often interpreted as reflecting insufficient anesthesia. Here we present the case of an octogenarian undergoing deep sclerectomy with opioid-sparing electroencephalography (EEG)-guided anesthesia. Periodic leg movements (PLM) appeared during ongoing surgery while the patient's raw EEG displayed a pattern of deep anesthesia, evidenced by burst suppression. Recognizing PLM in the context of opioid-sparing GA is of importance for anesthesiologists, as deep anesthesia is not necessarily associated with a decrease in motor activity...
April 2020: A&A Practice
Mary Saad, Bénédicte Le Clec'h, Gilles Dhonneur
A 69-year-old man underwent total laryngopharyngectomy with radial forearm free flap reconstruction. He had lost 15 kg over a period of 6 months and did not receive any preoperative nutritional workup or management. The patient had a general total intravenous anesthetic with ketamine, lidocaine, and propofol, which was uneventful for an 8-hour surgery. The patient remained deeply sedated for 4 hours after discontinuation of all sedative medications. Diagnostic workup only revealed hypoalbuminemia and hypoproteinemia...
April 2020: A&A Practice
Hunter B Yancey, Maxwell K Langfitt
CASE: This report describes a case of prolonged neurologic deficit of primarily the nonoperative lower extremity in a patient with sickle cell disease (SCD) who received spinal anesthesia during revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). The patient initially showed bilateral lower extremity neurologic deficits localized to the L5/S1 nerve root, with the eventual persistence of symptoms in the nonoperative extremity for >1 year. CONCLUSIONS: This report describes an unusual complication after THA and spinal anesthesia...
January 2020: JBJS Case Connector
Duriye Damla Sevgi, Faruk H Orge
PURPOSE: To investigate the contraction mechanism of morning glory disk anomaly using computer-assisted analysis of the cyclic contractions frame by frame and to review the literature on contractile morning glory disk anomaly cases. METHODS: The fundus video of the patient under anesthesia was recorded using RetCam C300 lens. Frames at 1 second intervals were extracted to quality-preserving TIFF images and manually selected areas of cup, disk, and pigmented ring were measured with image analysis software...
March 26, 2020: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Simla Su Akkan, Vecihe Nimet İzgüt-Uysal, Tuğrul Çakır, Özlem Özbey, İsmail Üstünel
Varicocele, which is one of the causes of infertility in men, can be defined as the expansion of spermatic cord veins. The presence of apelin and apelin receptor (APJ) in many tissues and the effects of apelin have been reported in several studies. There is no study showing apelin and APJ protein expressions in normal and varicocele-induced testicular tissues. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate varicocele-induced changes in apelin and APJ expressions in testicular tissue by immunohistochemical and western blotting techniques...
April 2020: Tissue & Cell
Renata S Costa, Amanda L Abelson, Jane C Lindsey, Lois A Wetmore
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether implementation of a standardized perianesthetic protocol was associated with reduced incidence of postoperative regurgitation, pneumonia, and respiratory distress in brachycephalic dogs undergoing general anesthesia for airway surgery. ANIMALS: 84 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES: A perianesthetic protocol that included preoperative administration of metoclopramide and famotidine, restrictive use of opioids, and recovery of patients in the intensive care unit was fully implemented for brachycephalic dogs in July 2014...
April 15, 2020: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Giuseppe Tarantini, Chiara Fraccaro, Alaide Chieffo, Alfredo Marchese, Fabio Felice Tarantino, Stefano Rigattieri, Ugo Limbruno, Ciro Mauro, Alessio La Manna, Battistina Castiglioni, Matteo Longoni, Sergio Berti, Francesco Greco, Giuseppe Musumeci, Giovanni Esposito
COVID-19 pandemic raised the issue to guarantee the proper level of care to patients with acute cardiovascular diseases and concomitant suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and, in the meantime safety and protection of healthcare providers. The aim of this position paper is to provide standards to healthcare facilities and healthcare providers on infection prevention and control measures during the management of suspected and confirmed cases of 2019-nCoV infection accessing in cath-lab. The document represents the view of the Italian Society of Interventional Cardiology (GISE), and it is based on recommendations from the main World and European Health Organizations (WHO, and ECDC) as well as from the Italian Society of Anesthesia, Analgesia, Resuscitation and Intensive Care (SIAARTI)...
March 29, 2020: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Ahmad Abdel Hamid Elheeny
BACKGROUND: Pain control is a mandatory aspect in pediatric dentistry office through local anesthesia AIM: To assess the safety and efficacy of 4% articaine local anesthetic in young children below four-years-old. DESIGN: An equivalent randomized control trial with two parallel arms included 184 young children (92 per group) aged from 36 to 47 months seeking pulpotomy of mandibular primary molars which performed after buccal infiltration injection. The control group has received lidocaine hydrochloride 2% with epinephrine 1:100000...
March 29, 2020: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Saeyoung Kim, Chae-Min Bae, Young Woo Do, Suyoung Moon, Seung Ik Baek, Deok Heon Lee
BACKGROUND:  This study aimed to compare the postoperative analgesic effect between ultrasound-guided serratus anterior plane block (Group S, SAPB) and intercostal nerve block (Group I, ICNB) after single port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (S-VATS) in primary spontaneous pneumothorax. METHODS:  In this prospective randomized controlled study, 54 patients were randomly assigned to two groups. Patients in Group S underwent the SAPB before the surgical drape by an anesthesiologist, and in Group I, ICNBs were performed just before the wound closure after S-VATS by an attending thoracic surgeon...
March 29, 2020: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
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