Chun-Kai Hsu, Wan-Ling Young, Shu-Yu Wu
OBJECTIVES: The aim is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of retrograde ureteral catheterization under local anesthesia in patients with urinary tract infections complicated by hydronephrosis caused by ureteral stone obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2020 to September 2021, a retrospective analysis of patients' medical records was performed. Records of past history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and imaging investigations were reviewed...
2023: Tzu chi medical journal
Irene Pastore, Elena Bedin, Giulia Marzari, Francesca Bassi, Claudio Gallo, Carla Mucignat-Caretta
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) impair many aspects of everyday life and may prevent access to dental care, often limiting it to emergencies. Impaired oral health has long-lasting negative consequences on health status and on the acquisition of oral habits (e.g., oral respiration and grinding) or competencies (e.g., proper speech production). Children with ASD may be scared in the dental setting, which is rich in sensory stimuli and requires physical contact. Due to their behavioral manifestations, they represent a challenge for dentists and hygienists...
2023: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Ioseb Begashvili, Merab Kiladze, Christina Ejibishvili, George Grigolia
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to test a safety of a fixed minimal (0.5 l/min) fresh gas flow (FGF) anesthesia as a method ensuring adequate oxygenation during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting operations. DESIGN: A randomized, prospective study. SETTING: Single-center clinical hospital affiliated with a university. PARTICIPANTS: 208 patients underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery...
November 2023: Heliyon
Sangho Lee, MinSung Kim, Hee Yong Kang, Jeong-Hyun Choi, Mi Kyeong Kim, Ann Hee You
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to evaluate the difference in intraoperative oxygen reserve index (ORi) between the sedatives remimazolam (RMMZ) and dexmedetomidine (DEX). METHODS: Seventy-eight adult patients scheduled for sedation under regional anesthesia were randomly assigned to either the DEX ( n = 39) or RMMZ ( n = 39) group. The primary outcome was the difference in perioperative ORi between the groups. The secondary outcomes included respiratory depression, hypo- or hypertension, heart rate (HR), blood pressure, respiratory rate and postoperative outcomes...
2023: Frontiers in Medicine
Leilei Huang, Yong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a postoperative complication that often occurs in the elderly. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare intravenous anesthetics (propofol) with inhalation anesthetics (sevoflurane) regarding the occurrence of POCD in the elderly who underwent non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: The investigators searched for published articles from the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane, and Clinicalkey databases...
2023: Frontiers in Medicine
LaMisha Hill Weller, Janette Tang, Rebecca Chen, Christy Boscardin, Odinakachukwu Ehie
INTRODUCTION: Graduate trainees from diverse backgrounds may experience discrimination, mistreatment, and microaggressions. While the ability to identify and respond to microaggressions is a much-needed skill for all emerging trainees, limited training workshops exist for residents, especially within perioperative medicine. To embody the principles of diversity, equity, inclusion, and anti-racism (DEIA), we aimed to empower trainees in the perioperative environment with several strategies for addressing microaggressions to bridge this training gap...
2023: MedEdPORTAL Publications
Chenghong Zhang, Changlin He, Zhengwei Chen, Xin Chen, Junjun Qin, Yuhui Xu, Jiasen Ma
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the cardioprotective effect of volatile anesthetics on cardiac troponins in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) surgery remain controversial. This current study was conducted to systematically evaluate the impact of volatile anesthetics and propofol on patients undergoing OPCAB surgery. METHODS: A computerized search of electronic databases was conducted up to July 21, 2023, to identify relevant studies using appropriate search terms...
2023: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Brandon M Togioka, Kevin A Harriman, Shangyuan Ye, Jens Berli
Introduction Gender affirmation surgery includes procedures of the face, larynx, chest, reproductive system, external genitalia, and adipose tissue performed to ameliorate incongruence between gender identity and phenotype. The annual number of gender affirmation surgeries performed in the United States has increased significantly. There have been no investigations into the frequency of peripheral neuropathy after gender affirmation surgery, which is an important topic, given transgender individuals are at increased risk for delaying necessary medical care...
October 2023: Curēus
Sergio Minei, Edoardo Auriemma, Serena Bonacini, Michael S Kent, Margherita Gracis
INTRODUCTION: The primary objective of this retrospective study was to document the normal variation of clinical mobility of the mandibular symphysis in dogs, and evaluate possible associations with breed, bodyweight, age, sex, and skull morphology. Secondarily, the radiographic appearance of the mandibular symphysis and possible associations with the analyzed data were also evaluated. METHODS: Medical records of dogs that underwent anesthetic procedures for maxillofacial, oral and dental evaluation from April 2015 to December 2021 were included...
2023: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
N Potgieter, N Noordien, R Mulder, C Peck, S Groisman
UNLABELLED: Providing dental care for children with neurological special health care needs, including Down syndrome, Cerebral palsy and Autism spectrum disorders, is challenging. They often require repeat exposure to sedation or general anaesthesia for routine dental care. 51 parents of children with special needs completed a questionnaire regarding the acceptance of Silver Fluoride as a treatment option. BACKGROUND: Silver Diamine Fluoride has become popular as a minimally invasive treatment option for providing oral health care to young or uncooperative children...
2023: Front Oral Health
Ali Keramati, Mnsour Rezaei, Mohammad Veisipour, Mojtaba Esmaeli
OBJECTIVES: Determining the level of satisfaction in each field will help to examine and eliminate the existing problems and shortcomings. Using this information, students' satisfaction can be provided as much as possible while strengthening the positive factors and correcting the negative factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Student's Satisfaction with externship Education in the Academic Departments of the Medical School of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2021...
2023: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
Catherine W Cox, Michelle M Rumble, Angela M McNelis, Heather A Walsh
PURPOSE: Developing strategies to educate, employ, and retain newly graduated nurses in perioperative (periop) settings is paramount to addressing a succession crisis with unprecedented vacancy rates. The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of a prelicensure periop elective on the decision of participants to seek and accept a periop position upon graduation and to describe their transition to practice experience. DESIGN: This study used qualitative descriptive methodology...
November 28, 2023: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Pinar Yilmaz Eker, Ayse Topal Hançer, Meryem Yilmaz
PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop the inadvertent perioperative hypothermia knowledge test (IPH-KT) for health care professionals and examine its validity and reliability. DESIGN: The methodological and cross-sectional study design was used. METHODS: The research was carried out with 326 nursing students in Turkey. Data for the study were collected using a demographic information form and the IPH-KT. FINDINGS: The item difficulty index and item distinctiveness index of the questions included in the draft form of the 25-item test ranged from 0...
November 28, 2023: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Sara Norman, Kristin Kubel, Reed Halterman
PURPOSE: The aim of this project was to investigate whether opioid pain scores, postoperative opioid requirements, and postanesthesia care unit (PACU) length of stay were impacted when comparing a 24-hour intravenous lidocaine infusion versus postoperative discontinuation of the lidocaine infusion. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was used both before and after the discontinuation of postoperative lidocaine infusions for a quality improvement project. METHODS: The project was carried out in the adult surgery PACU setting at a level 1 trauma center between April 2021 and September 2021...
November 28, 2023: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Neslihan Aker, Sibel Arguvanli Çoban
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the effects of listening to music on preoperative anxiety levels in individuals planned for urological surgery. DESIGN: The study was a pretest-post-test randomized controlled study. METHODS: This research was conducted with 80 (intervention=40, control=40) individuals who applied to the urology clinic of a university hospital between September 2021 and February 2022 with surgery planned. The data were collected via the information form, state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI= STAI-S: state anxiety, STAI-T: trait anxiety), anxiety specific to surgery questionnaire (ASSQ)...
November 29, 2023: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Maosha Dai, Xiaoke Dou, Min Chen, Juexi Yang, Junhao Long, Yun Lin
Opioids are mainly used as adjuncts to the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia, postoperative analgesia, and treating moderate to severe cancer pain and chronic pain. However, the hazards of these drugs to various organ organs still need to be further explored. This study used the US FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database to determine whether commonly receiving opioids was higher than the baseline risk for all other medications. FAERS was asked about adverse events (AEs) for the opioids "morphine," "fentanyl," "oxycodone," "hydromorphone," "sufentanil," and "remifentanil" from the first quarter of 2004 (2004Q1) through the second quarter of 2023 (2023Q2)...
November 30, 2023: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Susana González-Suárez, Matthew Corbett, Alberto Hernández-Martínez
Cardiovascular instability is common during the reperfusion phase of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), and some patients experience a postreperfusion syndrome (PRS). However, there are no reports comparing the cardiac dysfunction between patients with PRS and those without. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate cardiac dysfunction in patients exhibiting PRS. This observational retrospective study included 34 patients who underwent OLT and were monitored with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)...
November 30, 2023: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Ana Benítez Riesco, Leticia Pérez Santiago, Julieta Puente Monserrat, David Moro Valdezate
Kerosene has been described as an uncommon burn injury agent(1). We report a case of a 47-year-old male who presented to the Emergency Department with proctalgia after self-administration of an unknown enema in the context of cocaine intoxication. Physical examination revealed severe perianal inflammation (Figure 1.A) without suppuration and computerized tomography (CT) scan showed free air in mesorectum and retroperitoneum without intraperitoneal free air or fluid (Figure 1.B and 1.C). Rigid rectoscopy demostrated erythematous rectal mucosa without perforation...
November 30, 2023: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Wen-Kao Huang, Wan-Yi Lian, Xiao-Yu Zhuo, Song-Yun Kang, Wen-Chi Luo, Yi-Shan Xie, Gui-Yang Xi, Ke-Xuan Liu, Wei-Feng Liu
BACKGROUND: Bispectral index (BIS) is a processed electroencephalography monitoring tool and is widely used in anesthetic depth monitoring. Deep anesthesia exposure may be associated with multiple adverse outcomes. However, the relationship between anesthetic depth and postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) remains unclear. We sought to determine the effect of BIS-based deep anesthesia duration on postoperative AKI following noncardiac surgery. METHODS: This retrospective study used data from the Vital Signs DataBase, including patients undergoing noncardiac surgeries with BIS monitoring...
2023: Renal Failure
Gang Mee Lim, Soo Jung Park, Sung Young Park, Ji Ho Kim, Ji Eun Kim
BACKGROUND Emergence cough during endotracheal extubation can lead to complications. This cough is triggered by the deviation of the endotracheal tube from the airway anatomy, causing pressure on the airway mucosal wall. Head elevation has the potential to align the airway passage with the tube's configuration. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of head elevation using a pillow on the prevalence and severity of emergence cough in male patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 71 male patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly assigned to either the head elevation group (n=35) or the control group (n=36)...
November 30, 2023: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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