Payal Dhar, Fahmin Basher, Zhe Ji, Lei Huang, Si Qin, Derek A Wainwright, Jerid Robinson, Shaye Hagler, Jing Zhou, Sean MacKay, Jennifer D Wu
Natural Killer (NK) cell dysfunction is associated with poorer clinical outcome in cancer patients. What regulates NK cell dysfunction in tumor microenvironment is not well understood. Here, we demonstrate that the human tumor-derived NKG2D ligand soluble MIC (sMIC) reprograms NK cell to secrete pro-tumorigenic cytokines with diminished cytotoxicity and polyfunctional potential. Antibody clearing sMIC restores NK cell to a normal cytotoxic effector functional state. We discovered that sMIC selectively activates the CBM-signalosome inflammatory pathways in NK cells...
July 22, 2021: Communications Biology
Keith P Eidell, Alenka Lovy, Nicholas R Sylvain, Frank A Scangarello, Hayley I Muendlein, Michael J Ophir, Ken Nguyen, Maria-Cristina Seminario, Stephen C Bunnell
Integrin engagement within the immune synapse enhances T cell activation, but our understanding of this process is incomplete. In response to T cell receptor (TCR) ligation, SLP-76 (LCP2), ADAP (FYB), and SKAP-55 (SKAP1) are recruited into microclusters and activate integrins via the effectors Talin-1 and Kindlin-3. We postulated that integrins influence the centripetal transport and signaling of SLP-76 microclusters via these linkages. We show that contractile myosin filaments surround and are co-transported with SLP-76 microclusters, and that TCR ligand density governs the centripetal movement of both structures...
July 19, 2021: Journal of Cell Science
Naira Samarina, George Ssebyatika, Tanvi Tikla, Ja-Yun Waldmann, Bizunesh Abere, Vittoria Nanna, Michelangelo Marasco, Teresa Carlomagno, Thomas Krey, Thomas F Schulz
Kaposi Sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) causes three human malignancies, Kaposi Sarcoma (KS), Primary Effusion Lymphoma (PEL) and the plasma cell variant of multicentric Castleman's Disease (MCD), as well as an inflammatory cytokine syndrome (KICS). Its non-structural membrane protein, pK15, is among a limited set of viral proteins expressed in KSHV-infected KS tumor cells. Following its phosphorylation by Src family tyrosine kinases, pK15 recruits phospholipase C gamma 1 (PLCγ1) to activate downstream signaling cascades such as the MEK/ERK, NFkB and PI3K pathway, and thereby contributes to the increased proliferation and migration as well as the spindle cell morphology of KSHV-infected endothelial cells...
June 18, 2021: PLoS Pathogens
Noor Kazim, Andrew Yen
Retinoic acid (RA) is a fundamental regulator of cell cycle and cell differentiation. Using a leukemic patient-derived in vitro model of a non-APL AML, we previously found that RA evokes activation of a macromolecular signaling complex, a signalosome, built of numerous MAPK-pathway-related signaling molecules; and this signaling enabled Retinoic-Acid-Response-Elements (RAREs) to regulate gene expression that results in cell differentiation/cell cycle arrest. Toward mechanistic insight into the nature of this novel signaling, we now find that the NUMB cell fate determinant protein is an apparent scaffold for the signalosome...
June 8, 2021: Oncotarget
Shiro Kanegasaki, Tomoko Tsuchiya
On the basis of our recent findings, in which multiple receptor-mediated mast cell functions are regulated via a common signaling cascade, we posit that the formation and functioning of osteoclasts are also controlled by a similar common mechanism. These cells are derived from the same granulocyte/monocyte progenitors and share multiple receptors except those that are cell-specific. In both types of cells, all known receptors reside in lipid rafts, form multiprotein complexes with recruited signaling molecules, and are internalized upon receptor engagement...
May 10, 2021: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Enas Hallumi, Rose Shalah, Wan-Lin Lo, Jasmin Corso, Ilana Oz, Dvora Beach, Samuel Wittman, Amy Isenberg, Meirav Sela, Henning Urlaub, Arthur Weiss, Deborah Yablonski
The costimulatory receptor CD28 synergizes with the TCR to promote IL-2 production, cell survival, and proliferation; yet the obligatory interdependence of TCR and CD28 signaling is not well understood. Upon TCR stimulation, Gads, a Grb2-family adaptor, bridges the interaction of two additional adaptors, LAT and SLP-76, to form a TCR-induced effector signaling complex. SLP-76 binds the Tec-family tyrosine kinase, Itk, which phosphorylates SLP-76 Y173 and PLC-γ1 Y783. In this study, we identified TCR-inducible, Itk-mediated phosphorylation of Gads Y45 in a human T cell line and in mouse primary T cells...
May 15, 2021: Journal of Immunology
Zijun Wang, Mou Peng
Lymphocyte cytosolic protein 2 (LCP2) is one of the SLP-76 family of adapters, which are critical intermediates in signal cascades downstream of several receptors. LCP2 regulates immunoreceptor signaling (such as T-cell receptors) and is also required for integrin signaling in neutrophils and platelets. However, the role of LCP2 in the tumor microenvironment is still unknown. In this study, we found a significant increase of mRNA and protein expression of LCP2 in metastatic skin cutaneous melanoma compared to normal skin...
April 28, 2021: Scientific Reports
Mahinbanu Mammadli, Weishan Huang, Rebecca Harris, Hui Xiong, Samuel Weeks, Adriana May, Teresa Gentile, Jessica Henty-Ridilla, Adam T Waickman, Avery August, Alaji Bah, Mobin Karimi
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a curative therapy for hematological malignancies, due to graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) activity mediated by alloreactive donor T cells. However, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is also mediated by these cells. Here, we assessed the effect of attenuating TCR-mediated SLP76:ITK interaction in GVL vs. GVHD effects after allo-HSCT. CD8+ and CD4+ donor T cells from mice expressing a Y145F mutation in SLP-76 did not cause GVHD but preserved GVL effects against B-ALL cells...
April 23, 2021: IScience
Christopher E Rudd
The past 25 years have seen enormous progress in uncovering the receptors and signaling mechanisms on T-cells that activate their various effecter functions. Until the late 1980s, most studies on T-cells had focused on the influx of calcium and the levels of cAMP/GMP in T-cells. My laboratory then uncovered the interaction of CD4 and CD8 co-receptors with the protein-tyrosine kinase p56lck which are now widely accepted as the initiators of the tyrosine phosphorylation cascade leading to T-cell activation. The finding explained how immune recognition receptors expressed by many immune cells, which lack intrinsic catalytic activity, can transduce activation signals via non-covalent association with non-receptor tyrosine kinases...
2021: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Daiki Mori, Claude Grégoire, Guillaume Voisinne, Javier Celis-Gutierrez, Rudy Aussel, Laura Girard, Mylène Camus, Marlène Marcellin, Jérémy Argenty, Odile Burlet-Schiltz, Frédéric Fiore, Anne Gonzalez de Peredo, Marie Malissen, Romain Roncagalli, Bernard Malissen
To determine the respective contribution of the LAT transmembrane adaptor and CD5 and CD6 transmembrane receptors to early TCR signal propagation, diversification, and termination, we describe a CRISPR/Cas9-based platform that uses primary mouse T cells and permits establishment of the composition of their LAT, CD5, and CD6 signalosomes in only 4 mo using quantitative mass spectrometry. We confirmed that positive and negative functions can be solely assigned to the LAT and CD5 signalosomes, respectively. In contrast, the TCR-inducible CD6 signalosome comprised both positive (SLP-76, ZAP70, VAV1) and negative (UBASH3A/STS-2) regulators of T cell activation...
February 1, 2021: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Brian M Lacey, Zangwei Xu, Xiaomei Chai, Jason Laskey, Xavier Fradera, Payal Mittal, Sasmita Mishra, Jennifer Piesvaux, Peter Saradjian, Lynsey Shaffer, Galya Vassileva, Catherine Gerdt, Yun Wang, Heidi Ferguson, Dustin M Smith, Jeanine Ballard, Steven Wells, Rishabh Jain, Uwe Mueller, George Addona, Ilona Kariv, Joey L Methot, Mark Bittinger, Sheila Ranganath, Robbie Mcleod, Alexander Pasternak, J Richard Miller, Haiyan Xu
Hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 (HPK1), also referred to as mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 1 (MAP4K1), is a serine/threonine kinase that negatively regulates T-cell signaling by phosphorylating Ser376 of Src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing leukocyte protein of 76 kDa (SLP-76), a critical mediator of T-cell receptor activation. HPK1 loss of function mouse models demonstrated enhanced immune cell activation and beneficial antitumor activity. To enable discovery and functional characterization of high-affinity small-molecule HPK1 inhibitors, we have established high-throughput biochemical, cell-based, and novel pharmacodynamic (PD) assays...
January 2021: SLAS Discovery
Lamyaa Shaban, Giang T Nguyen, Benjamin D Mecsas-Faxon, Kenneth D Swanson, Shumin Tan, Joan Mecsas
Yersinia suppress neutrophil responses by using a type 3 secretion system (T3SS) to inject 6-7 Yersinia effector proteins (Yops) effectors into their cytoplasm. YopH is a tyrosine phosphatase that causes dephosphorylation of the adaptor protein SKAP2, among other targets in neutrophils. SKAP2 functions in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, phagocytosis, and integrin-mediated migration by neutrophils. Here we identify essential neutrophil functions targeted by YopH, and investigate how the interaction between YopH and SKAP2 influence Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Yptb) survival in tissues...
May 11, 2020: PLoS Pathogens
Asif Rashid, Xin Duan, Feng Gao, Mengsu Yang, Andrew Yen
Although ATRA represents a successful differentiation therapy for APL, it is largely ineffective for non-APL AMLs. Hence combination therapies using an agent targeting ATRA-regulated molecules that drive cell differentiation/arrest are of interest. Using the HL-60 human non-APL AML model where ATRA causes nuclear enrichment of c-Raf that drives differentiation/G0-arrest, we now observe that roscovitine enhanced nuclear enrichment of certain traditionally cytoplasmic signaling molecules and enhanced differentiation and cell cycle arrest...
March 24, 2020: Oncotarget
Asif Rashid, Xin Duan, Feng Gao, Mengsu Yang, Andrew Yen
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-based differentiation therapy has been unsuccessful in treating t(15;17) negative acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, motivating interest in combination therapies using ATRA plus other agents. Using the t (15, 17) negative HL-60 human myeloblastic leukemia model, we find that the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, roscovitine, augments signaling by an ATRA-induced macromolecular signalsome that propels differentiation and enhances ATRA-induced differentiation. Roscovitine co-treatment enhanced ATRA-induced expression of pS259- pS289/296/301- pS621-c-Raf, pS217/221-Mek, Src Family Kinases (SFKs) Lyn and Fgr and SFK Y416 phosphorylation, adaptor proteins c-Cbl and SLP-76, Vav, and acetylated 14-3-3 in the signalsome...
July 2020: Cellular Signalling
Yiwei Xiong, Yulan Yi, Yan Wang, Naiqi Yang, Christopher E Rudd, Hebin Liu
Although the immune adaptor SH2 domain containing leukocyte phosphoprotein of 76 kDa (SLP-76) integrates and propagates the TCR signaling, the regulation of SLP-76 during the TCR signaling is incompletely studied. In this article, we report that SLP-76 interacts with the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) E2 conjugase Ubc9 and is a substrate for Ubc9-mediated SUMOylation in human and mouse T cells. TCR stimulation promotes SLP-76-Ubc9 binding, accompanied by an increase in SLP-76 SUMOylation. Ubc9 binds to the extreme C terminus of SLP-76 spanning residues 516-533 and SUMOylates SLP-76 at two conserved residues K266 and K284...
October 30, 2019: Journal of Immunology
Danielle J Clark, Laura E McMillan, Sin Lih Tan, Gaia Bellomo, Clementine Massoue, Harry Thompson, Lidiya Mykhaylechko, Dominic Alibhai, Xiongtao Ruan, Kentner L Singleton, Minna Du, Alan Hedges, Pamela L Schwartzberg, Paul Verkade, Robert F Murphy, Christoph Wülfing
Supramolecular signaling assemblies are of interest for their unique signaling properties. A µm scale signaling assembly, the central supramolecular signaling cluster (cSMAC), forms at the center of the interface of T cells activated by antigen-presenting cells. We have determined that it is composed of multiple complexes of a supramolecular volume of up to 0.5 µm3 and associated with extensive membrane undulations. To determine cSMAC function, we have systematically manipulated the localization of three adaptor proteins, LAT, SLP-76, and Grb2...
October 30, 2019: ELife
Seyyed Shamsadin Athari
Asthma is chronic inflammation of the airways characterized by airway hyper-responsiveness, wheezing, cough, and dyspnea. Asthma affects >350 million people worldwide. The Th2 immune response is a major contributor to the pathophysiology of asthma. Targeted therapy modulating cell signaling pathways can be a powerful strategy to design new drugs to treat asthma. The potential molecular pathways that can be targeted include IL-4-IL-13-JAK-STAT-MAP kinases, adiponectin-iNOS-NF-κB, PGD2-CRTH2, IFNs-RIG, Wnt/β-catenin-FAM13A, FOXC1-miR-PI3K/AKT, JNK-Gal-7, Nrf2-ROS, Foxp3-RORγt, CysLTR, AMP, Fas-FasL, PTHrP/PPARγ, PAI-1, FcɛRI-LAT-SLP-76, Tim-3-Gal-9, TLRs-MyD88, PAR2, and Keap1/Nrf2/ARE...
2019: Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy
Deborah Yablonski
Antigen receptor signaling pathways are organized by adaptor proteins. Three adaptors, LAT, Gads, and SLP-76, form a heterotrimeric complex that mediates signaling by the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) and by the mast cell high affinity receptor for IgE (FcεRI). In both pathways, antigen recognition triggers tyrosine phosphorylation of LAT and SLP-76. The recruitment of SLP-76 to phospho-LAT is bridged by Gads, a Grb2 family adaptor composed of two SH3 domains flanking a central SH2 domain and an unstructured linker region...
2019: Frontiers in Immunology
Joan Mecsas
The human and animal pathogens Yersinia pestis , which causes bubonic and pneumonic plague, and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia enterocolitica , which cause gastroenteritis, share a type 3 secretion system which injects effector proteins, Yops, into host cells. This system is critical for virulence of all three pathogens in tissue infection. Neutrophils are rapidly recruited to infected sites and all three pathogens frequently interact with and inject Yops into these cells during tissue infection. Host receptors, serum factors, and bacterial adhesins appear to collaborate to promote neutrophil- Yersinia interactions in tissues...
2019: F1000Research
Evelyn Gerth, Jochen Mattner
Adaptor proteins contribute to the selection, differentiation and activation of natural killer T (NKT) cells, an innate(-like) lymphocyte population endowed with powerful immunomodulatory properties. Distinct from conventional T lymphocytes NKT cells preferentially home to the liver, undergo a thymic maturation and differentiation process and recognize glycolipid antigens presented by the MHC class I-like molecule CD1d on antigen presenting cells. NKT cells express a semi-invariant T cell receptor (TCR), which combines the Vα14-Jα18 chain with a Vβ2, Vβ7, or Vβ8 chain in mice and the Vα24 chain with the Vβ11 chain in humans...
2019: Frontiers in Immunology
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