Dorota Różańska, Katarzyna Mikoś, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
Background: Glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) are often used to assess diet quality in relation to the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer development. Taking into account differences in nutritional value of food products in different countries it is often suggested to used national databases to assess dietary intake in different populations. Objective: To assess the glycemic index and glycemic load of the selected groats available on the Polish food market...
2020: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Pavan K Bhatraju, Bijan J Ghassemieh, Michelle Nichols, Richard Kim, Keith R Jerome, Arun K Nalla, Alexander L Greninger, Sudhakar Pipavath, Mark M Wurfel, Laura Evans, Patricia A Kritek, T Eoin West, Andrew Luks, Anthony Gerbino, Chris R Dale, Jason D Goldman, Shane O'Mahony, Carmen Mikacenic
BACKGROUND: Community transmission of coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) was detected in the state of Washington in February 2020. METHODS: We identified patients from nine Seattle-area hospitals who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with confirmed infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Clinical data were obtained through review of medical records. The data reported here are those available through March 23, 2020. Each patient had at least 14 days of follow-up...
March 30, 2020: New England Journal of Medicine
E Jódar, M Michelsen, W H Polonsky, R Réa, A Sandberg, T Vilsbøll, M Warren, S Harring, U Ziegler, S C Bain
AIM: To assess what drives change in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in type 2 diabetes in the SUSTAIN 6 trial and identify potential mediators of the treatment effect of semaglutide on HRQoL scores. METHODS: The SF-36v2® questionnaire (comprising physical component summary [PCS] and mental component summary [MCS]) was used to assess changes in HRQoL from baseline to week 104, by treatment, in a prespecified analysis. This post hoc analysis assessed change in PCS and MCS using the following factors as parameter/covariate, using descriptive statistics and linear regressions: major adverse cardiac events, hypoglycaemia, gastrointestinal adverse events, at least one episode of nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea, and change in HbA1c , body weight, blood pressure, heart rate and estimated glomerular filtration rate...
March 30, 2020: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Kelly R Stanek, Amy E Noser, Susana R Patton, Mark A Clements, Erin M Youngkin, Shideh Majidi
OBJECTIVE: To monitor occurrence of stressful life events, assess correlations with family functioning and parental psychosocial measures, and examine the impact of stressful life events on diabetes management in the first year after diagnosis of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children using a mixed methods design. METHODS: In a prospective study of 5-9-year-olds with recent-onset T1D (mean age 7.4 ± 1.3 years, T1D duration 4.7 ± 3.3 months), we monitored glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), income, job status, family health, and marital status at baseline and every 3 months up to 1 year...
March 30, 2020: Pediatric Diabetes
Daniela S Masson-Meyers, Thiago A M Andrade, Guilherme F Caetano, Francielle R Guimaraes, Marcel N Leite, Saulo N Leite, Marco Andrey C Frade
Wound healing studies are intricate, mainly because of the multifaceted nature of the wound environment and the complexity of the healing process, which integrates a variety of cells and repair phases, including inflammation, proliferation, reepithelialization and remodelling. There are a variety of possible preclinical models, such as in mice, rabbits and pigs, which can be used to mimic acute or impaired for example, diabetic and nutrition-related wounds. These can be induced by many different techniques, with excision or incision being the most common...
March 30, 2020: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Zahra Irannejad Niri, Farzad Shidfar, Masoumeh Jabbari, Mitra Zarrati, AghaFateme Hosseini, Mojtaba Malek, Afsaneh Dehnad
We aimed to evaluate the effect of dried Ziziphus vulgaris [Z. vulgaris] consumption on liver enzymes, blood pressure, inflammatory status, glycemic control, and lipid concentrations in type 2 diabetes patients. Seventy-six diabetic participants (aged 20-65 years) randomly assigned to intervention (n = 38) and placebo (n = 38) groups. The intervention group received 30 g/day dried Z. vulgaris for 12 weeks. At the end of the study, there was a significant reduction in the percentage change of weight, body mass index [BMI], insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance [HOMA-IR], Apoprotein B100 [ApoB100], and high-sensitive c-reactive protein [hs-CRP] in the intervention group compared to the controls...
March 30, 2020: Journal of Food Biochemistry
Li Wang, Ying Xing, Xinwen Yu, Jie Ming, Xiangyang Liu, Xiaomiao Li, Jianfang Fu, Jie Zhou, Bin Gao, Dayi Hu, Changyu Pan, Linong Ji, Qiuhe Ji
INTRODUCTION: There are substantial differences in genes, diet, culture, and environment between the Northern and Southern Chinese populations, which may influence treatment strategy and screening policy. We studied the differences in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and diabetic complications between Northern and Southern China. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional survey using data from the China Cardiometabolic Registries on blood pressure, blood lipids, and blood glucose in 25,398 Chinese T2D patients...
March 29, 2020: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Natsumi Ueda, Mayumi Yamamoto, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Yumi Motooka, Yoko Nakayama, Yukiko Nonoyama, Shino Oba, Yukio Horikawa, Chisato Nagata, Daisuke Yabe
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: While moderate alcohol consumption lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes in European populations, the same cannot be assumed for Japanese patients with diabetes related to low insulin secretion rather than resistance. We aimed to evaluate the effects of daily alcohol consumption on glucose tolerance and diabetes development risk in Japanese populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study randomly enrolled 452 men and 659 women aged 40-78 years in 2005 (Gifu, Japan)...
March 29, 2020: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Subodh Verma, Abhinav Sharma, Bernard Zinman, Anne Pernille Ofstad, David Fitchett, Martina Brueckmann, Christoph Wanner, Isabella Zwiener, Jyothis T George, Silvio E Inzucchi, Javed Butler, C David Mazer
AIM: To investigate the association of the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Risk Score for Heart Failure in Diabetes (TRS-HFDM ) with mortality using data from the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In EMPA-REG OUTCOME, patients with type 2 diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular (CV) disease (N = 7020) received the sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor, empagliflozin, 10 or 25 mg or placebo. Post hoc, patients were stratified into risk categories (low-intermediate, high, very-high risk scores) using baseline TRS-HFDM ...
March 29, 2020: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Raphael Barbosa, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares Britto Alves, Ian Nathasje, Deysianne Chagas, Vanda Ferreira Simões, Leonardo Silva
OBJECTIVE:  To determine the prevalence of inadequate birth interval and its associated factors in the BRISA study. METHODS:  Cross-sectional study using data from the BRISA cohort. Birth interval was categorized into "adequate" (≥ 2 years or < 5 years between births), "short interval" (< 2 years) and "long interval" (≥ 5 years). The analysis of the factors associated with short and long birth intervals used multinomial logistic regression...
February 2020: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Ken Lee Chin, Frisky Maulida Hidayat, Richard Ofori-Asenso, Jenni Ilomäki, J Simon Bell, Sophia Zoungas, Danny Liew
BACKGROUND: Temporal changes in the dispensing of glucose-lowering drugs (GLD) and their associated costs among elderly populations is unclear. This information is especially relevant to countries in which medications are partly or fully government subsidized. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to estimate the trends in prevalence, incidence and costs associated with GLD dispensed to older Australians. METHODS: We analysed Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme data for 76,906 people aged ≥ 65 years dispensed diabetes medications over the period 2013-2016...
March 30, 2020: Drugs & Aging
Matthew A Lee, George McMahon, Ville Karhunen, Kaitlin H Wade, Laura J Corbin, David A Hughes, George Davey Smith, Debbie A Lawlor, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Nicholas J Timpson
Glycosuria is a condition where glucose is detected in urine at higher concentrations than normal (i.e. not detectable). Glycosuria at some point during pregnancy has an estimated prevalence of 50% and is associated with adverse outcomes in both mothers and offspring. Little is currently known about the genetic contribution to this trait or the extent to which it overlaps with other seemingly related traits, e.g. diabetes. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for self-reported glycosuria in pregnant mothers from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; cases/controls = 1249/5140)...
March 30, 2020: Human Molecular Genetics
Hongjin Tang, Lin Huang, Chunyong Sun, Dongsheng Zhao
α-Glucosidase (AG) has always been an indispensable drug target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Herein, an integrated method consisting of enzyme kinetics, multi-spectroscopy assay and molecular simulations was used to investigate the structure-activity relationship and interaction mechanism of flavonoids and AG. As a result, a small amount of flavonoids was found to present excellent inhibitory activity on AG, such as 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 17, 19, 21, 22 and 34. Further analysis of the structure-activity relationship illustrated that hydroxylation at the positions C3, C6, C3' and C4' of flavonoids caused an increase in the inhibitory activity of AG, whereas the methoxylation at the corresponding positions would decrease the activity...
March 30, 2020: Food & Function
Jin-Ying Fang, Yue Yang, Zheng Zhang, Shi-Min Jiang, Tian-Yu Yu, Wen-Ge Li
Introduction: Tripterygium glycosides (TGs) have been widely used in China to treat diabetic nephropathy (DN); however, proof of their use is scarce. The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of adding TGs to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Methods: By searching Embase, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, SINOMED, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP Information/Chinese Scientific Journals, and WANFANG databases, we identified previous studies that met the specific selection criteria and included them in the meta-analysis...
March 2020: Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine
Zhikun Zhan, Hongyu Zhang, Xuanyu Niu, Xiaodong Yu, Hui Sun, Xiaopeng Sha, Yuliang Zhao, Ying Wang, Wen Jung Li
The monitoring of insulin, which is the only hormone that helps regulate blood glucose levels in the body, plays a key role in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes. However, most techniques today involve complicated electrode fabrication and testing processes, which are time-consuming and costly, and require a relatively large volume of sample. To overcome these drawbacks, we present here a low-cost insulin detection method based on a screen-printed electrode (SPE) modified by nickel hydroxide (Ni(OH)2 )...
March 24, 2020: ACS Omega
Taiju Miyagami, Hirohide Yokokawa, Kazutoshi Fujibayashi, Hiroshi Fukuda, Teruhiko Hisaoka, Toshio Naito
Objectives: To investigate the correlation between imbalance of muscle mass to body weight and lifestyle-related diseases using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) among Japanese population. Methods: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study conducted at Juntendo University Hospital in Tokyo, Japan, from May 2015 to November 2017. Their muscle-to-weight ratio were stratified into "muscle-to-weight ratio" quartiles as follows: men, Q1 (≥0.79), Q2 (0...
March 2020: Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia
Julia H Chariker, Morgan Sharp, Sujata Saraswat Ohri, Cynthia Gomes, Fiona Brabazon, Kathryn A Harman, Scott R Whittemore, Jeffrey C Petruska, David Sk Magnuson, Eric C Rouchka
Reduced muscle mass and increased fatiguability are major complications after spinal cord injury (SCI), and often hinder the rehabilitation efforts of patients. Such detriments to the musculoskeletal system, and the concomitant reduction in level of activity, contribute to secondary complications such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, bladder dysfunction and liver damage. As a result of decreased weight-bearing capacity after SCI, muscles undergo morphological, metabolic, and contractile changes. Recent studies have shown that exercise after SCI decreases muscle wasting and reduces the burden of secondary complications...
February 2020: Data in Brief
Hee-Seong Jang, Mi Ra Noh, Jinu Kim, Babu J Padanilam
The kidney is a highly metabolic organ and uses high levels of ATP to maintain electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis and reabsorb nutrients. Energy depletion is a critical factor in development and progression of various kidney diseases including acute kidney injury (AKI), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and diabetic and glomerular nephropathy. Mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation (FAO) serves as the preferred source of ATP in the kidney and its dysfunction results in ATP depletion and lipotoxicity to elicit tubular injury and inflammation and subsequent fibrosis progression...
2020: Frontiers in Medicine
Ban Liu, Xin Shi, Keke Ding, Mengwei Lv, Yongjun Qian, Shijie Zhu, Changfa Guo, Yangyang Zhang
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most prevalent heart rhythm disorder. The causes of AF include age, male sex, diabetes, hypertension, valve disease, and systolic/diastolic dysfunction. But on molecular level, its mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we collected 10 patients with persistent atrial fibrillation, 10 patients with paroxymal atrial fibrillation and 10 healthy individuals and did Methylation EPICBead Chip and RNA sequencing. By analyzing the methylation and gene expression data using machine learning based feature selection method Boruta, we identified the key genes that were strongly associated with AF and found their interconnections...
2020: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Manar Hasabullah, Fatamah Kahtani, Tasneem Balkhoyor, Lama Al-Harbi, Abdulhalim J Kinsara
Introduction Several cardiovascular risk calculators are available online to measure the probability of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) without defining the appropriate population. In the current study, four risk assessment instruments were investigated with Saudi Arabian patients with CVD to identify the instrument with the best predictability. The chosen instruments were the Framingham Risk Score (FRS), Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE), American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Estimator, and the United Kingdom score which is called QRISK® ...
February 24, 2020: Curēus
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