Akihiro Yoshida, Takao Kimura, Katsuhiko Tsunekawa, Osamu Araki, Kazumi Ushiki, Hirotaka Ishigaki, Yoshifumi Shoho, Itsumi Suda, Suguru Hiramoto, Masami Murakami
OBJECTIVE: Given the association between diabetes suppression and inhibition of diet-induced elevation in glucose and insulin, we investigated the effects of adding glucomannan to rice gruel on pre- and postprandial glucose and insulin concentrations. METHODS: A total of 25 Japanese subjects without a history of diabetes or gastrointestinal disease (all males; aged 37-60 years; body mass index 20.4-31.6) participated in this study. Subjects received a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (75gOGTT) and rice gruel containing 0, 0...
July 13, 2020: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Liping Yao, Weizhang Liu
The long-term abnormal blood pressure would lead to various cardiovascular diseases, therefore it is significant to assess the blood pressure status for prevention. In this study, the proposed feature-extraction based approach is performed on the open clinical trial dataset. Firstly, CEEMDAN algorithm and wavelet threshold analysis are applied to eliminate the noise interference from original PPG signal compared to other signal filters. Considering the strong connection between the hypertension and diabetes disease, ANOVA test with a 95% confidence interval is firstly carried out to select these leading extracted morphological features, which are uniquely related to hypertension, from PPG signal and its derivatives...
July 13, 2020: Physiological Measurement
Anggi Lukman Wicaksana, Nuzul Sri Hertanti, Astri Ferdiana, Raden Bowo Pramono
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The global pandemic of coronavirus (COVID-19) affects almost all countries in the world, which potentially alter diabetes management. Many diabetes patients are experiencing barrier of care due to the policy related to COVID-19. This article aims to review the current evidence on diabetes management and specific considerations during the COVID-19 pandemic for people living with diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review in PubMed, Science Direct, DOAJ and Microsoft Academics databases from January 1 to April 17, 2020...
July 4, 2020: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Brice Canada, Antonio Terracciano
Personality traits are associated with risk of diabetes, but most research to date has relied on participants reported diagnosis rather than objective markers of glycaemia. The present study examined the association between the five major domains of personality (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness) and haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Participants (N > 26,000) were individuals aged from 16 to 104 years from six large community samples from the US, Europe, and Japan who had data on personality, demographic factors, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, and HbA1c...
June 21, 2020: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Fernanda Piculo, Gabriela Marini, Giovana Vesentini, Glilciane Morceli, Débora C Damasceno, Luis Sobrevia, Angélica M P Barbosa, Marilza V C Rudge
OBJECTIVE: To determine the occurrence and severity of pregnancy-specific urinary incontinence (PSUI) in women with gestational hyperglycaemia, and its impact on quality of life (QoL) over the first year post partum. STUDY DESIGN: Three hundred and eighty-eight pregnant women with PSUI were distributed into two groups (normoglycaemic and hyperglycaemic) and analysed at five timepoints during pregnancy and the first year post partum. Gestational hyperglycaemia was defined according to the criteria of the American Diabetes Association and the glucose profile test...
June 27, 2020: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Kalpana Thapa Bajgain, Sujan Badal, Bishnu B Bajgain, Maria J Santana
On February 11, 2020 WHO designated the name "COVID-19" for the disease caused by "severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2" (SARS-CoV-2), a novel virus that first occurred in Wuhan, China, but quickly turned into a global pandemic. As of June 29, 2020, it has claimed 502,947 lives and is present in more than 213 countries worldwide. Risks associated with acquiring the virus and with its severe outcomes have been reported in various studies, which has led health organizations and governments to develop and institute a variety of preventative and control measures...
July 10, 2020: American Journal of Infection Control
Roopal Desai, Amber John, Joshua Stott, Georgina Charlesworth
AIMS: To systematically review longitudinal studies on living alone and incident dementia, to pool the results in a meta-analysis and calculate the population risk. METHODS: Embase, Medline and PsycInfo were searched from inception to August 2019 for longitudinal cohort studies of people living alone and risk of dementia. Relative risks (RR) were extracted and effect sizes pooled, with a sensitivity analysis for risk of bias (QUIPS quality rating tool). Population Attributable Fraction (PAF) was calculated, with prevalence of living alone calculated from UK Census data...
July 10, 2020: Ageing Research Reviews
Amanda K Leonberg-Yoo, David Johnson, Nicole Persun, Jehan Bahrainwala, Peter P Reese, Ali Naji, Jennifer Trofe-Clark
Dietary supplement use is high among United States adults, with the intention by users to promote overall health and wellness. Kidney donors, who are selected based on their overall good health and wellness, can have high utilization rates of dietary supplements. We provide a framework for evaluation of living kidney donors and use of dietary supplements. In this review, dietary supplements will include any orally administered dietary or complementary nutritional products, but excluding micronutrients (vitamins and minerals), food, and cannabis...
July 10, 2020: American Journal of Kidney Diseases
The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2020: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Belinda Ford, Lisa Keay, Blake Angell, Stephanie Hyams, Paul Mitchell, Gerald Liew, Andrew White
Patients with diabetes require regular examination for eye disease, usually in primary care settings. Guidelines recommend patients with at least moderate non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) be referred to an ophthalmologist for treatment; however, poorly targeted referrals lead to access blocks. The quality of new referrals associated with diabetes to a public ophthalmology service in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, were assessed for referral completeness and targeting. A cross-sectional audit of medical records for new patients referred to Westmead Hospital Eye Clinic in 2016 was completed...
July 14, 2020: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Stephen Jivraj, Alissa Goodman, Benedetta Pongiglione, George B Ploubidis
Despite improvements in life expectancy, there is uncertainty on whether the increase in years of healthy life expectancy has kept pace. In this paper we explore whether there is empirical support for the expansion of morbidity hypothesis in the population aged 25-64 living in England. Nationally representative cohorts born between 1945 and 1980 are constructed from repeated annual cross-sections of the Health Survey for England, 1991-2014. Later-born cohorts at a given age have the same or higher prevalence of self-reported bad general health and long-term illness, self-reported high blood pressure (in men), self-reported and objectively-measured diabetes, circulatory illnesses, clinical hypertension, and overweight BMI...
July 13, 2020: Population Studies
Min Sun, Tiantian Zhu, Jinzhi Tong, Rezeng Caidan, Kaijin Wang, Guiqing Kai, Wenna Zhang, Lei Ru, Jiumei Pengcuo, Li Tong
CONTEXT: Rubus species (Rosaceae) have been used in folk medicine to treat diabetes due to their hypoglycaemic activity. OBJECTIVE: To screen the active components that act as hypoglycaemic agents in Rubus amabilis Focke and the underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aqueous stem extract of R. amabilis was incubated with MIN6 β-cells, PBS was used as the blank control. Then the cells were washed, cell membrane-bound components were dissociated and identified by UPLC/MS...
December 2020: Pharmaceutical Biology
Xuancheng Du, Weijie Wang, Chun Wu, Bingqing Jia, Weifeng Li, Lin Qiu, Pengju Jiang, Jianhao Wang, Yong-Qiang Li
Sensitive diagnosis and elimination of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections at an early stage remain paramount challenges. Herein, we present a gelatinase-responsive turn-on nanoprobe for in situ near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging and localized photothermal treatment (PTT) of in vivo methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. The designed nanoprobe (named AuNS-Apt-Cy) is based on gold nanostars functionalized with MRSA-identifiable aptamer and gelatinase-responsive heptapeptide linker (CPLGVRG)-cypate complexes...
July 13, 2020: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
Sabine R Zwakenberg, Pim A de Jong, Eva J Hendriks, Jan Westerink, Wilko Spiering, Gert J de Borst, Maarten J Cramer, Jonas W Bartstra, Teddo Doesburg, Femke Rutters, Amber A van der Heijden, Casper Schalkwijk, Leon J Schurgers, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Joline W J Beulens
PURPOSE: To assess specific risk factors and biomarkers associated with intimal arterial calcification (IAC) and medial arterial calcification (MAC). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in patients with or at risk of vascular disease from the SMART study(n = 520) and the DCS cohort(n = 198). Non-contrast computed tomography scanning of the lower extremities was performed and calcification in the femoral and crural arteries was scored as absent, predominant IAC, predominant MAC or indistinguishable...
2020: PloS One
Huan Ren, Jian-Quan Luo, Yong-Chao Gao, Man-Yun Chen, Xiao-Ping Chen, Hong-Hao Zhou, Ying Jiang, Wei Zhang
Diabetes is an age-related chronic disease associated with a number of complications, emerging as one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Several studies indicated that hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A ) genetic polymorphisms may be associated with diabetes and diabetic complications. However, this association remains ambiguous. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to provide more precise conclusion on this issue. Odds ratios (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were applied to assess the strength of the relationships...
July 13, 2020: Aging
Giuseppina Salzano, Stefano Passanisi, Maria Cristina Lucanto, Stefano Costa, Giovanni Battista Pajno, Fortunato Lombardo
Objectives The diagnosis of cystic fibrosis related diabetes (CFRD) is not often easy as glucose homeostasis may be influenced by various disease-related conditions such as enteral continuous drip feeding, frequent acute illness, use of systemic corticosteroids and other concomitant medications. Other forms of diabetes should be considered in the diagnostic work-up, particularly in the first decade of life. Case presentation We hereby present the case of a cystic fibrosis 6-year-old female child diagnosed with glucokinase-maturity onset of diabetes of the young (GCK-MODY)...
July 13, 2020: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Thalia Bellali, Georgios Manomenidis, Ioanna Karamitri, Maria Malliarou, Artemis Igoumenou, Nafsika Bellali
The study explored health related quality of life of prisoners with diabetes mellitus (DM).48 male inmates incarcerated in a Greek prison, completed a demographic and clinical traits questionnaire. Prisoners with DM and those with additional health problems had worse physical, mental health and psychological well-being outcomes (p = 0.002, p < 0.001 and p = 0.014 respectively). People with DM in correctional facilities should receive specialized primary health care services either health services within the correctional institution or community liaison...
July 2020: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Lei Wang, Qiong Wu, Rui Qi Wang, Run Ze Wang, Jianwen Wang
PURPOSE: In the study, we aimed to explore the mechanism of leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) affects hyperglycaemic induced retinopathy by regulating CaMKII-CREB pathway. METHODS: Human retinal endothelial cell (HRECs) induced by high glucose to simulate one of the pathogenesis in the diabetic retinopathy (DR) model. After LIF treatment, cell viability was detected by CCK-8 and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Angiogenesis was detected by in vitro tube formation...
July 13, 2020: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Jennifer Hilger-Kolb, Adrian Loerbroks, Katharina Diehl
The transition from school to university has been found to be associated with a decline in physical activity (PA). As regular engagement in PA plays an important role in preventing obesity and various chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, a deeper understanding on barriers that hinder university students from being physically active is necessary. We therefore conducted a mixed-methods study which built, first, on conducting a quantitative online survey across Germany (n = 689; 69...
July 13, 2020: Journal of Sports Sciences
Thomas Ittoop, Kimberly Jeffrey, Chin-I Cheng, Sethu Reddy
<u>Background:</u> Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) predispose individuals to poor health outcomes as adults. Although a dose-response relationship between the number of ACEs and certain chronic illnesses has been shown, the impact of ACEs on diabetes is not thoroughly understood. <u>Objective:</u> To investigate the prevalence of ACEs in those with diabetes and the potential relationship to the severity of diabetes. <u>Methods:</u> Patients with diabetes (both Type 1 and Type 2) or obesity were surveyed from the Endocrinology & Diabetes Center at McLaren Central Michigan in Mt...
July 13, 2020: Endocrine Practice
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