Ramzi Shawahna, Ahmad Batta, Mahmoud Asa'ad, Marwan Jomaah, Imad Abdelhaq
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a rapidly growing public health issue. This systematic review aimed to narrate and qualitatively synthesize evidence and recommendations of physical activity/exercise for patients with T2DM. METHODS: The databases Medline through Pubmed, Cochrane, and Scopus were systematically searched from inception to February 08, 2020 using MeSH terms related to "diabetes mellitus" and "physical activity/exercise"...
January 13, 2021: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Yasmine Hany Hegab, Ali Helmy El Shewy, Doaa Omar Refaat, Abd Elhafez Mohammad El Shewail
INTRODUCTION: Walled off necrosis (WON) is clarified according to the revised Atlanta classification, 2013, as a late phase complication of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Not all cases with WON need intervention but, if indicated both open approach and minimally invasive techniques were clarified. We are discussing here, a case presented to us with infected WON. We adopted the step up approach as the main line of treatment; the case was managed by percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) followed by retroperitoneal necrosectomy using lavage circuit...
January 2, 2021: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Pi-I D Lin, Andres Cardenas, Russ Hauser, Diane R Gold, Ken P Kleinman, Marie-France Hivert, Antonia M Calafat, Thomas F Webster, Edward S Horton, Emily Oken
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are ubiquitously detected in populations worldwide and may hinder kidney function. The objective of the study was to determine longitudinal associations of plasma PFAS concentrations with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and evaluate whether a lifestyle intervention modify the associations. We studied 875 participants initially randomized to the lifestyle or placebo arms in the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP, 1996-2002) trial and Outcomes Study (DPPOS, 2002-2014)...
January 19, 2021: Environment International
Keerat Rai Ahuja, Salik Nazir, Vardhmaan Jain, Toshiaki Isogai, Anas M Saad, Beni R Verma, Shashank Shekhar, Ravi Kumar, Ehab A Eltahawy, John E Madias
BACKGROUND: Previous small-scale studies have reported conflicting findings regarding the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its association with outcomes in patients with takotsubo syndrome (TTS) OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the prevalence of DM and its association with outcomes in TTS patients. METHODS: Nationwide inpatient sample (NIS) was queried to extract patient information from January 1, 2009 to September 30, 2015. Propensity score matching (PSM) was done to compare mortality and other in-hospital outcomes...
January 19, 2021: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Melina A Pagotto, María L Roldán, Sara M Molinas, Trinidad Raices, Gerardo B Pisani, Omar P Pignataro, Liliana A Monasterolo
Accumulating evidence indicates the association between changes in circulating sex steroid hormone levels and the development of diabetic nephropathy. However, the renal synthesis of steroid hormones during diabetes is essentially unknown. Male Wistar rats were injected with streptozotocin (STZ) or vehicle. After one week, no changes in functional or structural parameters related to kidney damage were observed in STZ group; however, a higher renal expression of proinflammatory cytokines and HSP70 was found...
January 19, 2021: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Xiankang Fang, Zhiqiang Du, Chunling Duan, Shanshan Zhan, Tian Wang, Mengyu Zhu, Jiajie Shi, Juan Meng, Xianhua Zhang, Maiyun Yang, Yajun Zuo
AIMS: Beinaglutide has been approved for glucose lowering in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in China. In addition to glycemic control, significant weight loss is observed from real world data. This study is designed to investigate the pharmacological and pharmacokinetic profiles of beinaglutide in different models. METHODS: The pharmacological efficacy of beinaglutide was evaluated in C57BL/6 and ob/ob mice after single administration. Pharmacokinetic profiles in mice were investigated after single or multiple administration...
January 19, 2021: Life Sciences
Livia Lamartina, Sophie Leboulleux, Martin Schlumberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2021: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Salvatore Vaccarella, Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Murielle Colombet, Louise Davies, Charles A Stiller, Joachim Schüz, Kayo Togawa, Freddie Bray, Silvia Franceschi, Luigino Dal Maso, Eva Steliarova-Foucher
BACKGROUND: There has been a considerable increase in thyroid cancer incidence among adults in several countries in the past three decades, attributed primarily to overdiagnosis. We aimed to assess global patterns and trends in incidence and mortality of thyroid cancer in children and adolescents, in view of the increased incidence among adults. METHODS: We did a population-based study of the observed incidence (in 49 countries and territories) and mortality (in 27 countries) of thyroid cancer in children and adolescents aged 0-19 years using data from the International Incidence of Childhood Cancer Volume 3 study database, the WHO mortality database, and the cancer incidence in five continents database (CI5plus; for adult data [age 20-74 years])...
January 19, 2021: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Mateja Lorber, Sergej Kmetec, Nataša Mlinar Reljić, Zvonka Fekonja
AIM: To examine the diabetes management of older adults in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: Diabetes is an increasing problem in nursing homes and diabetes care is defined as a neglected clinical area. METHODS: A retrospective collected data review of 166 older adults with known diabetes from four nursing homes. RESULTS: 65% older than 75 years had HbA1c levels lower than 7.5% (58 mmol/mol), 74% older than 85 years had HbA1c levels lower than 8% (64 mmol/mol)...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Nursing Management
Marco Proietti, Marco Vitolo, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: Integrated care for management of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients has been associated with a reduction in adverse events. The 'Atrial fibrillation Better Care (ABC) pathway' has been proposed to streamline such integrated management. In this paper we analysed the impact of ABC pathway adherent clinical management on outcomes in AF patients with high-risk 'metabolic' comorbidities (i.e. diabetes mellitus [DM], chronic kidney disease [CKD], metabolic syndrome [MetS]. METHODS: Patients from the SPORTIF III and V trials and with available data to evaluate ABC criteria were analysed...
January 9, 2021: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Tung-Lin Tsui, Ya-Ting Huang, Wei-Chih Kan, Mao-Sheng Huang, Min-Yu Lai, Kwo-Chang Ueng, Chih-Chung Shiao
BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) has been widely investigated as an infection biomarker. The study aimed to prove that serum PCT, combining with other relevant variables, has an even better sepsis-detecting ability in critically ill patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a regional teaching hospital enrolling eligible patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) between July 1, 2016, and December 31, 2016, and followed them until March 31, 2017...
2021: PloS One
Nathakamol Euswas, Napat Phonnopparat, Kantapat Morasert, Pongpisut Thakhampaeng, Apisit Kaewsanit, Mathirut Mungthin, Ram Rangsin, Boonsub Sakboonyarat
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most common and serious ocular complications in both developed and developing countries. To date, epidemiological data of DR and their associated factors in Southeast Asian countries especially in Thailand are scarce. We aimed to use the information from the Thailand Diabetes Mellitus/Hypertension (DM/HT) study to determine trends in DR prevalence and also risk factors among Thai patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A series of cross-sectional surveys of clinical outcomes was conducted annually in 2014, 2015 and 2018 among patients with T2D aged >18 years receiving medical care for at least 12 months...
2021: PloS One
Ketia Alexandre, Fanny Vallet, Isabelle Peytremann-Bridevaux, Olivier Desrichard
The present study describes adult diabetes self-management (DSM) profiles using self-reported outcomes associated with the engagement in diabetes care activities and psychological adjustment to the disease. We used self-reported data from a community-based cohort of adults with diabetes (N = 316) and conducted a cluster analysis of selected self-reported DSM outcomes (i.e., DSM behaviors, self-efficacy and perceived empowerment, diabetes distress and quality of life). We tested whether clusters differed according to sociodemographic, clinical, and care delivery processes variables...
2021: PloS One
Claudia Eberle, Teresa Fasig, Franziska Brüseke, Stefanie Stichling
BACKGROUND: "Stress" is an emerging problem in our society, health care system as well as patient care, worldwide. Especially by focusing on pre-gestational, gestational but also lactation phases "stress" is to be considered as an own trans-generational risk factor which is associated with adverse metabolic as well cardiovascular outcomes in mothers and their children. Hence, the maternal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenotrophic (HPA) axis may be stimulated by various "stress" mechanisms as well as risk factors leading to an adverse in utero environment, e...
2021: PloS One
Jean Claude Mutabazi, Pascal Roland Enok Bonong, Helen Trottier, Lisa Jayne Ware, Shane A Norris, Katherine Murphy, Naomi Levitt, Christina Zarowsky
BACKGROUND: Implementation of the programmes for the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) into antenatal care over the last three decades could inform implementation of interventions for other health challenges such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study assessed PMTCT outcomes, and how GDM screening, care, and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) prevention were integrated into PMTCT in Western Cape (WC), South Africa. METHODS: A convergent mixed methods and triangulation design were used...
2021: PloS One
Franck Maunoury, Anaïs Oury, Sophie Fortin, Laetitia Thomassin, Serge Bohbot
This study assesses the cost-effectiveness of Technology Lipido-Colloid with Nano Oligo Saccharide Factor (TLC-NOSF) wound dressings versus neutral dressings in the management of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) from a French collective perspective. We used a Markov microsimulation cohort model to simulate the DFU monthly progression over the lifetime horizon. Our study employed a mixed method design with model inputs including data from interventional and observational studies, French databases and expert opinion...
2021: PloS One
Paola Rios, David Baidal, Joana Lemos, Stephanie S Camhi, Marco Infante, Nathalia Padilla, Ana M Alvarez Gil, Virginia Fuenmayor, Jonathan Ambut, Fatima A Qasmi, Alejandro M Mantero, Shari Messinger Cayetano, Phillip Ruiz, Camillo Ricordi, Rodolfo Alejandro
BACKGROUND: Allosensitization has been reported after discontinuation of immunosuppression following graft failure in islet transplantation (ITx) recipients, though duration of its persistence is unknown. METHODS: We evaluated 35 patients with type 1 diabetes who received ITx, including 17 who developed graft failure (ITx alone, n=13; ITx plus bone marrow-derived hematopoietic stem cells, n=4) and 18 with persistent graft function. Panel reactive antibody (PRA) was measured yearly for the duration of graft function within 1 year after graft failure at enrollment and yearly thereafter...
January 20, 2021: Transplantation
(no author information available yet)
Breastfeeding is associated with a decrease in a woman's risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, diabetes mellitus, and hypertensive heart disease. Breastfeeding initiation rates in the United States are increasing, and many women are aware of the maternal and infant health benefits of breastfeeding. However, problems may arise that can keep women from achieving their breastfeeding goals, and only 25% of women in the United States are breastfeeding exclusively at 6 months. Many women experience early and undesired weaning because of persistent pain or nipple injury...
February 1, 2021: Obstetrics and Gynecology
(no author information available yet)
Breastfeeding is associated with a decrease in a woman's risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, diabetes mellitus, and hypertensive heart disease. Breastfeeding initiation rates in the United States are increasing, and many women are aware of the maternal and infant health benefits of breastfeeding. However, problems may arise that can keep women from achieving their breastfeeding goals, and only 25% of women in the United States are breastfeeding exclusively at 6 months. Many women experience early and undesired weaning because of persistent pain or nipple injury...
February 1, 2021: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Chloé Galmiche, Bertrand Moal, Gaultier Marnat, Sharmila Sagnier, Cédric Schweitzer, Vincent Dousset, Igor Sibon, Thomas Tourdias
BACKGROUND: Gadolinium leakage in ocular structures (GLOS) was recently observed in fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images obtained the day after an initial gadolinium injection in stroke patients. The specificity of GLOS to stroke and its mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the factors associated with GLOS in a cohort of patients presenting with acute neurological deficits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included consecutive patients admitted to our stroke unit for acute neurological deficit between July 2017 and August 2018 who underwent baseline brain magnetic resonance imaging with the injection of a macrocyclic gadolinium agent and another scan without injection within 72 hours...
January 19, 2021: Investigative Radiology
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