Takanori Hayashi, Nobuhiro Wada, Tetsuya Kubota, Chie Koizumi, Yoshitaka Sakurai, Masakazu Aihara, Satoshi Usami, Toshimasa Yamauchi, Naoto Kubota
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are reported to be at a high risk for sarcopenia, and are known to have a poorer sleep quality. However, the association between sleep quality and skeletal muscle in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is not yet precisely understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 110 inpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 40-90 years were enrolled. The sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)...
March 19, 2023: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Hideaki Kuno, Takuya Fujimaru, Nozomi Kadota, Kasumi Konishi, Momoko Sekiguchi, Kimio Watanabe, Yugo Ito, Masahiko Nagahama, Fumika Taki, Toru Hifumi, Norio Otani, Masaaki Nakayama
Metformin-associated lactic acidosis is a well-known metformin treatment complication; however, the development of euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (euDKA) has rarely been reported. Here we report a case of lactic acidosis and euDKA after metformin overdose. A 57-year-old female patient was transferred to our hospital with severe metabolic acidosis and acute kidney injury. She had type 2 diabetes mellitus and was on oral antidiabetic therapy of vildagliptin metformin hydrochloride daily. On the admission day, she had committed suicide by overdosing 50 tablets of vildagliptin metformin hydrochloride, which was equivalent to 25,000 mg of metformin and 2500 mg of vildagliptin...
March 19, 2023: CEN Case Reports
Zsuzsanna Cserép, Ákos Batiz, Andrea Székely
Coronary artery disease is a highly prevalent heart disease and the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. During the last decades, numerous studies have focused on the comprehension of the relationship between coronary heart disease and different psychosocial factors. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is a common treatment for coronary artery disease and is usually associated with improved clinical outcomes. Symptoms of anxiety and unipolar depression are common psychological disorders in patients awaiting coronary artery bypass graft surgery...
March 19, 2023: Orvosi Hetilap
Sharanya Venugobal, Yee Kit Tai, Jorming Goh, Sean Teh, Craig Wong, Ivan Goh, Andrea B Maier, Brian K Kennedy, Alfredo Franco-Obregón
Brief (10 min) weekly exposure to low energy pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) has been shown to improve human muscle mitochondrial bioenergetics and attenuate systemic lipotoxicity following anterior cruciate ligament surgical reconstruction. Here we present data generated from 101 participants, 62% female, aged 38-91 years, recruited from the QuantumTx Demo Centre in Singapore, wherein 87% of participants ( n = 88) presented with pre-existing mobility dysfunction and 13% ( n = 13) were healthy volunteers...
March 19, 2023: Aging
Bo-Hyung Kim, Sung-Vin Yim, Seong Deok Hwang, Yoon Soo Kim, Jeong-Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND: Increased glucose level and insulin resistance are major factors in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2M), which is chronic and debilitating disease worldwide. Submerged culture medium of Ceriporia lacerata mycelium (CLM) is known to have glucose lowering effects and improving insulin resistance in a mouse model in our previous studies. The main purpose of this clinical trial was to evaluate the functional efficacy and safety of CLM in enrolled participants with impaired fasting blood sugar or mild T2D for 12 weeks...
March 18, 2023: BMC complementary medicine and therapies
Xander Jacquemyn, Shelby Kutty, Preeta Dhanantwari, William J Ravekes, Aparna Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: A diabetic intrauterine environment has been proposed as a potential etiological mechanism for in utero programming of cardiac disease, and is associated with impaired fetal cardiac function. We aimed to assess cardiac function in offspring of mothers with diabetes mellitus (ODM) and determine whether fetal cardiac abnormalities persist during follow-up. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study to evaluate and compare myocardial function in 40 ODM to age-matched control offspring (CO)...
March 18, 2023: Pediatric Research
Gang Zhou, Hui Wu, Jian Yang, Ming Ye, Di Liu, Yunzhao Li, Dong Zhang, Jing Zhang, Qingzhuo Yang, Yanfang Liu
Necroptosis is a crucial programmed cell death that is tightly associated with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MI/RI). Liraglutide is an effective option for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and has recently been reported to exert cardioprotective effects on MI/RI. Researchers do not know whether the cardioprotective effect of liraglutide is involved in regulating necroptosis. This study aimed to explore the effect of liraglutide on MI/RI-induced necroptosis and its potential mechanisms. Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) was performed on H9c2 cells in vitro to simulate ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, and an MI/RI rat model was established in vivo by ligating the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery...
March 19, 2023: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Nisha Sinha, Veena Puri, Vivek Kumar, Ritambhra Nada, Ashu Rastogi, Vivekanand Jha, Sanjeev Puri
Heterogeneity in the Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD) diagnosis makes its rational therapeutics challenging. Although albuminuria characterizes DKD, reports also indicate its prevalence among non-proteinuric. Recent understanding of disease progression has thus inclined the focus on proximal tubular cell damage besides the glomeruli. A non-invasive approach exploiting exosomal miRNA derived from human kidney proximal tubular cell line was, hence, targeted. Upon miRNA profiling, three miRNAs, namely, hsa-miR-155-5p, hsa-miR-28-3p, and hsa-miR-425-5p were found to be significantly upregulated, while hsa-miR-663a was downregulated under diabetic conditions...
March 18, 2023: Scientific Reports
Jesús Ruiz Ramos, Marc Santos Puig, Laia López Vinardell, María Pedemonte I Pons, Eduard Gil Carbo, Mireia Puig Campmany, María Antonia Mangues-Bafalluy, Ana Juanes Borrego
OBJECTIVES: To assess the usefulness of a tool based on ICD-10 diagnostic codes to identify patients who consult an emergency department for adverse drug events (ADE). METHODS: Prospective observational study, in which patients discharged from an emergency department during May to August 2022 with a diagnosis coded with one of the 27 ICD-10 diagnoses considered as triggers were included. ADE confirmation was carried out by analyzing drugs prescribed prior to admission, and through a discussion among experts and a phone interview with patients after hospital discharge...
March 16, 2023: Farmacia Hospitalaria
Chiung-Yu Huang, Chun-I Chen, Yung-Chuan Lu, Yu-Ching Lin, Chu-Yun Lu
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are more prevalent in diabetic patients than in the general population and may consequently be comorbid with hyperglycaemia. OBJECTIVE: The two study aims were to (1) verify the factors associated with sleep disturbances and glycaemic control and (2) further understand the mediation effects of coping and social support in the relationship among stress, sleep disturbances, and glycaemic control. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used...
April 2023: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Vikas Kumar, Nitin Sharma, Rakshandha Saini, Smita Mall, Gokhan Zengin, Anuradha Sourirajan, Prem Kumar Khosla, Kamal Dev, Mohamed El-Shazly
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arnot (Combretaceae) is one of the most frequently used medicinal trees in Indian traditional medicinal systems. It is used for the treatment of a variety of diseases including cardiovascular disorders. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this review was to provide a comprehensive overview of the phytochemistry, medicinal uses, toxicity, and industrial applications of T. arjuna bark (BTA), as well as to identify gaps in research and applications of this important tree...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Pei Liu, Xing Yan, Jiaying Pu, Qi Liao, Kang Wang, Jiping Lan, Rui Wang, Zhengtao Wang, Lili Ding, Li Yang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plantaginis Semen-Coptidis Rhizoma Compound(CQC) was first recorded in Shengji Zonglu. Clinical and experimental studies have reported that both of Plantaginis Semen and Coptidis Rhizoma exerted the effects of lowering blood glocose and lipid. However, the potential mechanism of CQC on type 2 diabetes (T2DM) remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: The main objective of our investigation was to explore the mechanisms of CQC on T2DM based on network pharmacology and experimental research...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Bo Kan, Jiaoyu Hou, William D Leslie, Depeng Jiang, Juan Zhang, Shuman Yang
Anti-resorptive therapy (AT) increases insulin resistance and decrease insulin secretion through reduced undercarboxylated osteocalcin in mice. However, there are inconsistent findings regarding the impact of AT use on the risk of diabetes mellitus in humans. We examined the association between AT and incident diabetes mellitus using classical and Bayesian meta-analysis. We searched Pubmed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Google Scholar for studies listed from database inception to 25 February 2022...
March 16, 2023: Bone
Silpa Arkat, Sundar Poovitha, Anupama Vijayakumar, Rohini Dhat, Sandhya L Sitasawad, Nitish R Mahapatra
Peroxiredoxin-3 (Prx-3), a thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase located exclusively in the mitochondrial matrix, catalyses peroxides/peroxinitrites. Altered levels of Prx-3 is associated with diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, molecular mechanisms of Prx-3 gene regulation remain partially understood. We undertook a systemic analysis of the Prx-3 gene to identify the key motifs and transcriptional regulatory molecules. Transfection of promoter-reporter constructs in the cultured cells identified -191/+20 bp domain as the core promoter region...
March 16, 2023: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular Basis of Disease
Peng Wang, Wan-Jun Yin, Ying Zhang, Xiao-Min Jiang, Xiao-Guang Yin, Yu-Bo Ma, Fang-Biao Tao, Rui-Xue Tao, Peng Zhu
Inflammatory responses have been demonstrated to link air pollution with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in adults. However, few studies have focused on the relationship between prenatal air pollution and fetal β-cell function and the mediating effect of systematic inflammation remains elusive. Whether the anti-inflammatory effect of vitamin D could attenuate the β-cell dysfunction in early life warrants further investigations. We aimed to determine whether maternal blood 25(OH)D attenuates the associations of ambient air pollution during pregnancy with fetal hyperinsulinism mediated by maternal inflammatory response...
March 16, 2023: Chemosphere
Sunyoung Kim, So Young Park, Bongseong Kim, Chanyang Min, Wonyoung Cho, Dong Keon Yon, Joo Young Kim, Kyung-Do Han, Eun-Jung Rhee, Won-Young Lee, Sang Youl Rhee
BACKGROUND: Although diabetes is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF), studies on the AF risk according to the antidiabetic drugs are lacking. This study evaluated the effects of antidiabetic drugs on AF incidence in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We included 2,515,468 patients with type 2 diabetes from the Korean National Insurance Service database without a history of AF who underwent health check-ups between 2009 and 2012. Newly diagnosed AF incidence was recorded until December 2018 according to the main antidiabetic drug combinations used in the real world...
March 16, 2023: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Emma K Sterling, Ethan A Litman, Wayde D H Dazelle, Homa K Ahmadzia
BACKGROUND: Results from the 2017 World Maternal Antifibrinolytic (WOMAN) trial found that patients who received tranexamic acid (TXA) during delivery had significantly lower rates of death and hysterectomy. Several months after the WOMAN trial publication, ACOG endorsed the consideration of TXA usage when traditional uterotonics fail during postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). Since then, TXA usage has become more mainstream for the treatment of PPH. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate TXA trends in obstetrics both temporally and geographically within the United States (US)...
March 16, 2023: American journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM
Md Yousof Ali, Se Eun Park, Su Hui Seong, Gerald W Zamponi, Hyun Ah Jung, Jae Sue Choi
Artemisia is one of the largest genera in the plant family Asteraceae and has long been used in traditional medicine for its antitussive, analgesic, antihypertensive, antitoxic, antiviral, antimalarial, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the anti-diabetic activity of Artemisia montana has not been broadly studied. The goal of this study was to determine whether extracts of the aerial parts of A. montana and its main constituents inhibit protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) and α-glucosidase activities...
March 16, 2023: Chemico-biological Interactions
Jennifer L Bacci, Zachary A Marcum, Patricia Rodriguez, Ryan N Hansen, Aasthaa Bansal, Tara Pfund, Jenny J Kim, Peggy Odegard
BACKGROUND: Statin use in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) reduces cardiovascular events, yet adherence remains suboptimal. OBJECTIVE(S): This study evaluated the impact of a community pharmacist intervention on statin adherence in new users with T2D. METHODS: As part of a quasi-experimental study, community pharmacy staff proactively identified adult patients with T2D who were not prescribed a statin. When appropriate, the pharmacist prescribed a statin via a collaborative practice agreement or facilitated acquisition of a prescription from another prescriber...
March 16, 2023: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
William M Mihalko, Karen C Johnson, Rebecca H Neiberg, Judy L Bahnson, Kunal Singhal, Phyllis A Richey
BACKGROUND: Patients who have obesity seldom lose weight after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The Look AHEAD trial randomized patients with type 2 diabetes who had overweight or obesity to a 10-year intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) or diabetes support and education (DSE). METHODS: Of the total 5,145 participants enrolled who had a median 14-year follow-up, a subset of 4,624 met inclusion criteria. The ILI aimed at achieving and maintaining a 7% weight loss and included weekly counseling the first 6 months, with decreasing frequency thereafter...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Arthroplasty
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