Genevieve F Dash, Emily Carter, Sarah L Karalunas, Karen A Hudson, Damien Fair, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that caffeine use disproportionately impacts sleep functioning among youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study aimed to examine the association of caffeine use with disrupted sleep, and to test moderating effects of ADHD, by leveraging differences within twin pairs to explore potential quasi-causal (i.e., within-pair) effects. METHOD: N = 765 complete same-sex twin pairs (mean age at baseline = 10...
November 28, 2022: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Patricia Figueiredo, Eduarda Ramião, Ricardo Barroso, Fernando Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: Precursors of antisocial behavior in children may be associated with neuropsychological deficits, namely in executive functions (EF). The main objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize evidence of the relation between EF performance and early manifestations of antisocial behavior in children and adolescents. METHOD: The procedures of this systematic review and meta-analysis were based on the PRISMA recommendations. The review was based on a systematic search in the EBSCOhost and Pubmed databases...
November 28, 2022: Neuropsychology
Julia E Maietta, Brenna N Renn, Grace J Goodwin, Luke N Maietta, Sara A Moore, Nia A Hopkins, Bradley Donohue, Daniel N Allen
OBJECTIVE: Sport concussion is a common injury, and athletes with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or learning disorder (LD) are at increased risk and require specialized attention in clinical settings. Although systematic reviews of the relationship between ADHD/LD and concussion are reported in the literature, these reviews do not include quantitative syntheses. Additionally, no reviews have focused on the most commonly utilized concussion assessment, Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT)...
November 28, 2022: Neuropsychology
Sanghyun Lee, Soon-Beom Hong
Disruptions of the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical circuit has been implicated in both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and substance use disorder. Given the high prevalence of cannabis use among patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, we set out to investigate the relationship between the two in the thalamus. We analyzed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data obtained from the Addiction Connectome Preprocessed Initiative Multimodal Treatment Study of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder database...
2022: PloS One
Erin McKay, Kim Cornish, Hannah Kirk
BACKGROUND: Emotional dysregulation, poor emotion recognition and impaired response inhibition have been highlighted as potential contributors to social difficulties in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is currently unknown how these areas of impairment relate to one another; therefore, this study aims to identify the areas of emotion regulation which are associated with social difficulties in adolescents with ADHD, and determine whether emotion regulation mediates the relationship between deficits in response inhibition and emotion recognition, and social functioning, in this cohort...
November 28, 2022: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
N N Zavadenko, E V Makushkin, D D Gaynetdinova, O V Kolokolov, E V Malinina, E A Antipenko, E Sh Sagutdinova, O V Khaletskaya, A V Dmitriev, N N Maslova, V V Mashin, M V Panteleeva
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of the new drug Prospekta in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients aged 7-12 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multicenter (35 clinical centres) double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial enrolled 363 patients. The mean age was 9.3±1.7 years. Children of both sexes aged between 7 and 12 years with a diagnosis of ADHD confirmed by DSM-V diagnostic criteria were included in the study...
2022: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Brennan H Baker, Yoonjung Yoonie Joo, Junghoon Park, Jiook Cha, Andrea A Baccarelli, Jonathan Posner
BACKGROUND: Causal explanations for the association of young motherhood with increased risk for child attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remain unclear. METHODS: The ABCD Study recruited 11,878 youth from 22 sites across the United States between June 1, 2016 and October 15, 2018. This cross-sectional analysis of 8,514 children aged 8-11 years excluded 2,260 twins/triplets, 265 adopted children, and 839 younger siblings. We examined associations of maternal age with ADHD clinical range diagnoses based on the Child Behavior Checklist and NIH Toolbox Flanker Attention Scores using mixed logistic and linear regression models, respectively...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Andrew Stickley, Aya Shirama, Takuma Inagawa, Vladislav Ruchkin, Roman Koposov, Johan Isaksson, Yosuke Inoue, Tomiki Sumiyoshi
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms have been linked to suicidal behavior. However, little is known about the mechanisms involved in this association. This study examined ADHD symptoms and suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 pandemic and the role of self-perceived stress in this association. METHOD: Data were analyzed from an online sample of 1,452 Japanese individuals aged 18 to 89 obtained in February 2021. Information was collected on past-year suicidal ideation...
2022: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Osman S Ipsiroglu, Juhi Bhathella, Renee Paula Boldut, Dean Elbe, Olivia Hill, Elizabeth Keys, Scout McWilliams, Rosalia Silvestri, David F Wensley
INTRODUCTION: Motivated by challenges faced in outpatient sleep services for mental health and neurodevelopmental disorders (MHNDD) during the COVID-19 clinical shutdown, a pan-Canadian/international working group of clinicians and social scientists developed a concept for capturing challenging sleep and wake behaviours already at the referral stage in the community setting. METHODS: In a quality improvement/quality assurance (QIQA) project, a visual logic model was the framework for identifying the multiple causes and possible interventions for sleep disturbances...
2022: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Ashley Halkett, Sinclaire M O'Grady, Stephen P Hinshaw
UNLABELLED: Limited research has identified prospective risk factors for young-adult sex work or examined overlapping predictors concurrently. We investigated childhood sexual abuse (CSA), along with other theory-driven predictors of sex work, among a well-characterized sample of girls with and without childhood diagnoses of attention/deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Participants were a racially and socioeconomically diverse sample of 140 girls with rigorously diagnosed ADHD (47 Inattentive [ADHD-I], 93 Combined [ADHD-C]), and 88 age- and ethnicity-matched comparison girls, all followed longitudinally into adulthood...
December 2022: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
C A M Hartwig, R Robiyanto, S de Vos, J H J Bos, E P van Puijenbroek, E Hak, C C M Schuiling-Veninga
Recent studies have reported an association between antidepressant (AD) use during pregnancy and the risk to develop attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring. However, the association might be confounded by risk factors in the pregnant parent. To control for unmeasured factors between pregnancies carried by the same parent, we set up a case-control sibling study using the University of Groningen prescription database Children receiving medication for ADHD (cases) before the age of 16 years were matched to siblings not receiving such medication (controls)...
2022: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Yoonmi Ji, Tae Young Choi, Jonghun Lee, Seoyoung Yoon, Geun Hui Won, Hyerin Jeong, Seung Wan Kang, Jun Won Kim
PURPOSE: This study used quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) to investigate the characteristics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) subtypes in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: There were 69 subjects (42 with ADHD and 27 neurotypical (NT)) in this study. A semi-structured interview was conducted with each participant for psychiatric diagnostic evaluation. We measured the absolute and relative power in 19 channels and analyzed QEEG using the following frequency ranges: delta (1-4 Hz), theta (4-8 Hz), alpha 1 (8-10 Hz), alpha 2 (10-12 Hz), beta 1 (12-15 Hz), beta 2 (15-20 Hz), beta 3 (20-30 Hz), and gamma (30-45 Hz)...
2022: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Feng-Li Lin, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Yu-Shian Cheng, Ming Yu Wang, Weilun Chung, Ruu-Fen Tzang, Hsien-Jane Chiu, Ying-Chih Cheng, Kun-Yu Tu
To elucidate possible additive effects of electroencephalogram-based neurofeedback (EEG-NF) on medications against the core symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved from electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, ClinicalKey, Cochrane CENTRAL, ScienceDirect, and from inception to March 2022. The primary outcomes were changes in ADHD symptoms (i.e., global, inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity) assessed with validated rating scales, while secondary outcome was all-cause discontinuation rate...
November 27, 2022: Scientific Reports
Nikita van de Burgt, Willem van Doesum, Mirjam Grevink, Stephanie van Niele, Tom de Koning, Nicole Leibold, Pilar Martinez-Martinez, Therese van Amelsvoort, Danielle Cath
Inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) are characterized by deficits in metabolic enzymes as a result of an inherited disease, leading to the accumulation or decreased excretion of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids. Although IEMs are often diagnosed during childhood, adolescent and adult onset variants may be accompanied by less somatic and more psychiatric manifestations, which often hampers recognition by psychiatrists of the distinction between a primary and secondary psychiatric disorder. To help clinicians in the diagnostic process, we aimed to provide an overview of psychiatric manifestations in IEMs...
November 24, 2022: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Pei-Yun Lin, Yi-Lung Chen, Ray C Hsiao, Hsiu-Lin Chen, Cheng-Fang Yen
This population-based study investigated the risks of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and intellectual disabilities among children delivered by Cesarean section (CS) in comparison with those who were delivered by vaginal delivery (VD). The Taiwan Maternal and Child Health Database from 2004 to 2016 registered 675,718 and 1,208,983 children delivered by CS and by VD, respectively. The results of Cox proportional hazards regression model demonstrated that children delivered by CS had significantly higher risks of ADHD, ASD, and intellectual disability than those delivered by VD after the confounding effects of maternal and child factors were controlled for...
November 15, 2022: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Rebecca J Levy, Katherine W Timothy, Jack F G Underwood, Jeremy Hall, Jonathan A Bernstein, Sergiu P Pașca
BACKGROUND: CACNA1C encodes the voltage-gated L-type calcium channel CaV 1.2. A specific gain-of-function pathogenic variant in CACNA1C causes Timothy syndrome type 1 (TS1) with cardiac long QT syndrome, syndactyly, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Our previous work found that the TS1 mutation alters neuronal activity-dependent signaling and interneuron migration. Recent case series highlighted a broader spectrum of CACNA1C-related disorder (CRD) that includes isolated cardiac disease, isolated neurologic deficits, and TS, but it is unknown how the clinical presentation of other CRD variants relates to neural defects...
November 2, 2022: Pediatric Neurology
Christina Masklavanou, Kalliopi Triantafyllou, Thomas Paparrigopoulos, Vana Sypsa, Artemios Pehlivanidis
One of the issues that have risen the past few decades due to excessive use of technological advances is internet gaming disorder (IGD). Past research has concluded that there is a negative association between IGD and exercise as well as a positive association between IGD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the existing studies on these subjects are scarce. Furthermore, researchers have showcased that symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress are positively associated with IGD and ADHD but negatively associated with exercise...
November 24, 2022: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Françoise Karibwende, Japhet Niyonsenga, Emmanuel Biracyaza, Serge Nyirinkwaya, Innocent Hitayezu, Gitimbwa Simeon Sebatukura, Jeanne Marie Ntete, Jean Mutabaruka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although narrative therapy (NT) is globally practiced for alleviating psychological disorders, studies of its efficacy for vulnerable children are still scarce, especially in African post-conflict settings. Thus, this study was aimed at assessing the efficacy of NT for Rwandan Orphans and abandoned children (OAC) with ADHD and anxiety disorders. METHOD: This study was a parallel randomized controlled trial in which participants (n = 72) were recruited from SOS Children's Villages...
March 2023: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Tess Levy, Paige M Siper, Bonnie Lerman, Danielle Halpern, Jessica Zweifach, Puneet Belani, Audrey Thurm, Tjitske Kleefstra, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis, Joseph D Buxbaum, Dorothy E Grice
DDX3X syndrome is a surprisingly common newly discovered genetic neurodevelopmental disorder associated with intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, language delays, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and medical comorbidities. Two hundred individuals with DDX3X syndrome have been described in the literature to date, with varied levels of detail. Individuals with DDX3X syndrome often have complex presentations including symptoms in the neurological, psychiatric/psychological, ophthalmologic, and gastrointestinal domains...
October 27, 2022: Pediatric Neurology
Anthony Gagnon, Maxime Descoteaux, Christian Bocti, Larissa Takser
The apparent increase in the prevalence of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis raises many questions regarding the variability of the subjective diagnostic method. This comprehensive review reports findings in studies assessing white matter (WM) bundles in diffusion MRI and symptom severity in children with ADHD. These studies suggested the involvement of the connections between the frontal, parietal, and basal ganglia regions. This review discusses the limitations surrounding diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and suggests novel imaging techniques allowing for a more reliable representation of the underlying biology...
November 21, 2022: Psychiatry Research. Neuroimaging
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