Enora Le Flao, Andrew W Pichardo, Sherwin Ganpatt, Dustin J Oranchuk
CONTEXT: Neck size and strength may be associated with head kinematics and concussion risks. However, there is a paucity of research examining neck strengthening and head kinematics in youths. In addition, neck training is likely lacking in youth sport due to a perceived inadequacy of equipment or time. OBJECTIVE: Examine neck training effects with minimal equipment on neck strength and head kinematics following chest perturbations in youth athletes. DESIGN: Single-group, pretest-posttest case series...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Zachary Spiera, Theodore Hannah, Adam Li, Nickolas Dreher, Naoum Fares Marayati, Muhammad Ali, Dhruv S Shankar, John Durbin, Alexander J Schupper, Alex Gometz, Mark Lovell, Tanvir Choudhri
OBJECTIVE: Given concerns about the potential long-term effects of concussion in young athletes, concussion prevention has become a major focus for amateur sports leagues. Athletes have been known to frequently use anti-inflammatory medications to manage injuries, expedite return to play, and treat concussion symptoms. However, the effects of baseline nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use on the susceptibility to head injury and concussion remain unclear. This study aims to assess the effects of preinjury NSAID use on concussion incidence, severity, and recovery in young athletes...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Kyle M Petit, Christopher Kuenze, Karin A Pfeiffer, Nathan Fitton, Mathew Saffarian, Tracey Covassin
CONTEXT: Previously, the most common treatment for a concussion was prolonged physical and cognitive rest. Recent research suggests that earlier physical activity (PA) may be better at promoting recovery. Research has not evaluated the relationship between free-living PA (e.g., walking) and symptom reporting or recovery duration. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between free-living physical activity (PA) participation and two recovery outcomes in college-aged adults with a concussion...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Athletic Training
Jessie R Oldham, Christina L Master, Gregory A Walker, William P Meehan, David R Howell
SIGNIFICANCE: Concussions are complex injuries that require a multifaceted testing battery. Vision impairments are common after concussion, but it is unknown exactly how eye tracking may be affected after injury and how it is associated with other clinical concussion assessments. PURPOSE: This study aimed to (1) examine the relationship between eye tracking performance (BOX score) and other common concussion evaluations, (2) identify if eye tracking adds novel information that augments baseline concussion evaluations, and (3) examine the effect of age, concussion history, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on eye tracking and other ophthalmological measures...
July 1, 2021: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Nicole Gombay, Gavin J Andrews
Based on autoethnography, this article adopts a (neuro)phenomenological lens to explore sensory experiences following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Although focussing particularly on pain, vision, hearing, and somatic experiences connected with sleep, we also touch on how these are interwoven with other symptoms associated with TBIs. We use these experiences to enliven, and thereby enrich, clinical constructions and understandings of 'sensitivity' to light and to noise, as well as 'sleep disturbance'. We conclude with a discussion of how these sensory experiences can be understood in relation to embodied dynamics of vibration, oscillation, and (stochastic) resonance...
July 15, 2021: Social Science & Medicine
Sean C Rose, Wayne Anderson, Daniel Feinberg, Aravind Ganesh, Lauren Green, Michael Jaffee, Michael Kaplen, Matthew Lorincz, Arthur De Luigi, Deepak Patel, Jack W Tsao, Erin Lee, Adam Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2021: Neurology
Melissa N Womble, Erin Reynolds, Alicia Kissinger-Knox, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos, Robin V West, Shawn Eagle, R J Elbin
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has substantially altered the delivery of healthcare for providers and their patients. Patients have been reticent to seek care for many diseases and injuries including concussion due to fears of potential exposure to COVID-19. Moreover, because of social distancing recommendations and stay-at-home orders, patient screening, evaluation, and delivery of care have become less efficient or impossible to perform via in-person clinic visits. Consequently, there was a sudden need to shift healthcare delivery from primarily in-person visits to telehealth...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
David R Howell, Danielle L Hunt, Jessie R Oldham, Stacey E Aaron, William P Meehan, Can Ozan Tan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between postconcussion exercise volume and changes in depression, anxiety, dizziness, and postural stability. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a single-site prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Cerebrovascular research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Participants completed questionnaires and underwent tests of gait and balance within 2 weeks of a concussion (mean = 11 ± 3 days postconcussion) and approximately 1 month later (mean = 41 ± 7 days postconcussion)...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Jennifer N Belding, Bilal Khokhar, Robyn Martin Englert, Shannon Fitzmaurice, Cynthia J Thomsen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the persistence of concussion-related symptoms following injury as a function of mechanism of injury (high-level blast [HLB] vs impact) and low-level blast (LLB) exposure among Marines. SETTING: Upon return from deployment and approximately 6 months later, respectively, Marines completed the Post-Deployment Health Assessment and Post-Deployment Health Re-Assessment in an operational or clinic setting. PARTICIPANTS: Data from active duty enlisted Marines who completed both assessments (n = 102 075) and who reported a potentially mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)-inducing event and completed an mTBI screen (n = 8106) were analyzed...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
R J Elbin, Katie Stephenson, Damon Lipinski, Kristin Maxey, Melissa N Womble, Erin Reynolds, Kayla Covert, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot study of caregiver ratings of therapeutic alliance and patient satisfaction outcomes between telehealth and in-person concussion clinical care in male and female adolescent athletes. SETTING: Outpatient neuropsychology concussion clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen patients (aged 15.40 ± 1.35 years; 33% female) with a concussion and their accompanying caregivers (n = 15; 87% female) were randomly assigned to an in-person clinic visit and 15 patients (aged 15...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Brian L Brooks, Jeshna Kumari, Shane Virani
OBJECTIVE: A significant minority of adolescents will have persistent postconcussion symptoms after an injury, potentially having a negative impact on family functioning. However, the reasons for a family's negative impact are not clearly understood. The objective of this study was to determine whether preinjury/demographic factors, injury characteristics, and/or worse postinjury symptoms are associated with higher levels of family stress in youth with refractory postconcussion symptoms...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Amanda Vitória Lacerda De Araújo, Renata Areza-Fegyveres, Carla Cristina Guariglia, Jéssica Natuline Ianof, Regina Maria Baratho, José Luiz Carlos Demario, Rafael Gustavo Sato Watanabe, Renato Anghinah
BACKGROUND: Brain concussion (BC) is seen as a public health priority due to its high incidence and morbidity rate, among thousands of people around the world. There are needs for fast identification, accurate diagnosis and correct management in order to reduce the short and long-term problems relating to BC. Proper knowledge of BC in the population and among clinicians is a critical factor in achieving this. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the level of self-reported BC knowledge and gaps/misconceptions, and to identify variables correlated with this level...
June 2021: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Olivia M G Aguiar, Olga Radivojevic, Brigitte M Potvin, Omid Vakili, Stephen N Robinovitch
Ice hockey is a fast-paced sport with a high incidence of collisions between players. Shoulder checks are especially common, accounting for a large portion of injuries including concussions. The forces generated during these collisions depend on the inertial and viscoelastic characteristics of the impacting bodies. Furthermore, the effect of shoulder pads in reducing peak force depends on the baseline (unpadded) properties of the shoulder. We conducted experiments with nine men's ice hockey players (aged 19-26) to measure their effective shoulder stiffness, damping and mass during the impact stage of a shoulder check...
July 28, 2021: Sports Biomechanics
Jun Maruta, Lisa A Spielman, Jamshid Ghajar
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive processes such as perception and reasoning are preceded and dependent on attention. Because of the close overlap between neural circuits of attention and eye movement, attention may be objectively quantified with recording of eye movements during an attention-dependent task. Our previous work demonstrated that performance scores on a circular visual tracking task that requires dynamic synchronization of the gaze with the target motion can be impacted by concussion, sleep deprivation, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder...
July 28, 2021: Military Medicine
Silje Christine Reistad Fure, Emilie Isager Howe, Øystein Spjelkavik, Cecilie Røe, Per-Ola Rike, Alexander Olsen, Jennie Ponsford, Nada Andelic, Marianne Løvstad
Objective : To present pre-injury, injury-related, work-related and post-injury characteristics, and to compare patients with and without traumatic intracranial abnormalities, in a treatment-seeking sample with persistent post-concussion symptoms (PPCS) after mild-to-moderate TBI. Methods : Cross-sectional design in the context of a specialized TBI outpatient clinic. Eligible patients were aged 18-60 years, employed ≥ 50% at time of injury, and sick listed ≥ 50% at inclusion due to PPCS. Data were collected 8-12 weeks after injury through review of medical records, semi-structured interviews, questionnaires, and neuropsychological screening...
July 27, 2021: Brain Injury: [BI]
Nathan Churchill, Michael Hutchison, Simon Graham, Tom A Schweizer
Concussion is a major health concern, making it critical to identify factors that influence risk and resilience. The salience network (SN) likely plays a key role in concussion risk, given its roles in orienting attention, functional adaptability and interoceptive awareness. The SN's functions are thought to be mediated through causal control of other networks, including the default mode network (DMN) and executive control network (ECN). It was therefore hypothesized that the SN of at-risk individuals would have altered functional and structural connectivity with the DMN and ECN...
July 27, 2021: Journal of Neurotrauma
Camilla H Hume, Bradley J Wright, Glynda J Kinsella
OBJECTIVE: Older age is often identified as a risk factor for poor outcome from traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, this relates predominantly to mortality following moderate-severe TBI. It remains unclear whether increasing age exerts risk on the expected recovery from mild TBI (mTBI). In this systematic review of mTBI in older age (60+ years), a focus was to identify outcome through several domains - cognition, psychological health, and life participation. METHODS: Fourteen studies were identified for review, using PRISMA guidelines...
July 27, 2021: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Henry W Mahncke, Joseph DeGutis, Harvey Levin, Mary R Newsome, Morris D Bell, Chad Grills, Louis M French, Katherine W Sullivan, Sarah-Jane Kim, Annika Rose, Catherine Stasio, Michael M Merzenich
Clinical practice guidelines support cognitive rehabilitation for people with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and cognitive impairment, but no class I randomized clinical trials have evaluated the efficacy of self-administered computerized cognitive training. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a self-administered computerized plasticity-based cognitive training programmes in primarily military/veteran participants with a history of mTBI and cognitive impairment. A multisite randomized double-blind clinical trial of a behavioural intervention with an active control was conducted from September 2013 to February 2017 including assessments at baseline, post-training, and after a 3-month follow-up period...
July 27, 2021: Brain
Megan M Gardner, Jaclyn A Stephens, Bradley T Conner
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to address a gap in concussion literature by investigating the relation between personality and return-to-play. It is important to know that earlier return-to-play places individuals at higher risk of sustaining a new concussion after an initial concussion. DESIGN: Participants were undergraduate students recruited from psychology courses in 2019 who reported medically confirmed sports-related concussion and medically advised return-to-play (N = 202)...
July 23, 2021: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Briana Lees, Nicola E Earls, Susanne Meares, Jennifer Batchelor, Vincent Oxenham, Caroline D Rae, Lauriane Juge, Lucette A Cysique
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of brain white matter (WM) may be useful for characterizing the nature and degree of brain injury following sport-related concussion (SRC) and assist in establishing objective diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review using an a priori quality rating strategy to determine the most consistent DTI WM changes following SRC. Articles published in English (until June 2020) were retrieved via standard research engine and grey literature searches (N=4932), using PRISMA guidelines...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Neurotrauma
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"