Prachi N Patel, Matthew L Rohlfing, Jessica R Levi
Adenotonsillectomy is a common pediatric surgical procedure with a well-defined safety profile. Major complications from this procedure include bleeding/hemorrhage, infection, pain leading to dehydration, and airway obstruction or edema. Though rare, oral endotracheal intubation and oral retractor placement may result in injuries to the teeth and the surrounding soft tissue. We describe a rare case of delayed tooth decay in a 3-year-old female following an otherwise routine adenotonsillectomy.
March 31, 2021: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Jessica R Santos-Parker, Maxwell Yoshida, Alexander K Hallway, Michael J Englesbe, Kenneth J Woodside, Ryan A Howard
BACKGROUND: Larger opioid prescriptions are associated with increased consumption without improvements in pain, and the majority of opioids prescribed go unused. We examined postoperative opioid prescription and use in patients undergoing vascular access surgery, where preoperative opioid exposure is common. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted in adult CKD patients who underwent outpatient vascular access surgery. Patients were surveyed by telephone >2 weeks after surgery to assess pain level and opioid and non-opioid medication use...
April 6, 2021: Journal of Surgical Research
Esra Anuş Topdemir, Serdar Saritas
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of Acupressure and Reiki application on patient's pain and comfort level after Laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, single blinded randomized controlled trial, subjects were 132 adult patients, hospitalized in the General Surgery clinics and underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy of a Training and Research Hospital in Turkey. Subjects were then assigned including a Reiki group of 44 persons, an Acupressure group of 44 persons, and a control group of 44 persons...
April 2, 2021: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Alejandro Caña-Pino, Luís Espejo-Antúnez, Pablo Carmona Del Barco, Jesús Montanero-Fernández, Enrique Lluch-Girbés, Nathalie A Roussel, Ma Dolores Apolo-Arenas
BACKGROUND: Nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) is one of the most common and frequent health problems. OBJETIVE: to compare postural control (i.e. center of pressure (CoP) displacement and energy spectral density (ESD)) using technological devices (accelerometers and pressure platform) between subjects with NSCLBP and healthy subjects. METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control study was conducted. Observational study (STROBE). The final sample consisted of 60 subjects (30 NSCLBP subjects and 30 healthy subjects)...
March 24, 2021: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Farhad Heydari, Sanaz Khalilian, Keihan Golshani, Saeed Majidinejad, Babak Masoumi, Abaris Massoumi
AIM: Pain control is an important aspect of ED patient management, and there are many different protocols used around the world influenced by both availability of local resources as well as staff competency and experience. This study aims to evaluate the use of topical ketamine in acute pain reduction by directly comparing it to lidocaine-prilocaine (EMLA) cream. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 300 adult patients classified as level 4 or 5 by ESI triage system were enrolled...
April 3, 2021: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Liping Xu, Xinwei Song, Qiaoding Dai, Tianrong Guan, Yan Zhang, Na Lin, Ji-An Wang
Lupus cystitis (LC) is a rare manifestation of SLE, the diagnosis of LC is challenging, especially in the absence of other systemic manifestations or the obvious disease activity index of SLE, further cystoscopy and bladder biopsy are crucial. The symptoms of cystitis could be controlled with high-dose GC, but in the process of GC reduction, the condition repeated. Here we report one case of refractory LC treated with Belimumab. The case is a 45-year-old female patient who had SLE and presented with urinary urgency, frequency and pain for more than 3 years...
April 6, 2021: International Immunopharmacology
A E Bone, C J Evans, L A Henson, S N Etkind, I J Higginson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the patterns and influences on repeated emergency department attendance among frail older people with deteriorating health. STUDY DESIGN: Multicentre prospective cohort study (International Access Rights and Empowerment II study) with convergent mixed methods design. METHODS: Eligible patients were aged ≥65 years, with Clinical Frailty Score ≥5, and ≥1 hospital admission or ≥2 acute attendances in the previous 6 months...
April 6, 2021: Public Health
Nils Beisemann, Sven Yves Vetter, Holger Keil, Benedict Swartman, Marc Schnetzke, Jochen Franke, Paul Alfred Grützner, Maxim Privalov
BACKGROUND: Despite a substantial improvement in the operative treatment of tibial plateau fractures, the surgical procedure remains controversial and is generally challenging, as patients may develop postoperative arthritis and functional impairment of the knee joint. HYPOTHESIS: In the surgical treatment of tibial plateau fractures the intraoperative reposition quality has the greatest influence on the postoperative outcome, whereby misalignments of >/= 2 mm lead to a worse result...
April 6, 2021: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
M Rouveyrol, J-B de Villeneuve-Bargemon, P Levet, J-C Mattéi, R Legré, C Jaloux
Controversy persists around trapeziectomy as standard of care in thumb base osteoarthritis. The difficulty of management of failure requires the utmost caution in choice of the initial technique. We here report a retrospective series of 10 revision procedures following trapeziectomy, supported by a review of literature. The main cause of revision was collapse of the thumb column resulting in arthrogenic contact of the first metacarpal with the scaphoid. At a mean 73.3 months' follow-up, 5 patients had to undergo additional surgery...
April 6, 2021: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Fatemeh Farahani, Hossein Azizi, Mahyar Janahmadi, Vincent Seutin, Saeed Semnanian
Chronic pain is recognized as an important problem in communities. The Locus coeruleus (LC) with extensive ascending and descending projections has a critical role in modulating pain. Some studies indicate how the locus coeruleus-noradrenaline system can remain more active after nociceptive stimulation. In the present study, we examined whether formalin-induced inflammatory pain may affect the electrophysiological properties of LC neurons after 24 hours. Inflammatory pain was induced by a subcutaneous injection of 2% formalin (10 µl) into the hind paw of 2-3 week-old male Wistar rats...
April 6, 2021: Brain Research Bulletin
Petar Zlatanovic, Marko Dragas, Slobodan Cvetkovic, Andreja Dimic, Aleksandar Mitrovic, Aleksandra Vujcic, Ranko Trailovic, Ksenija Stevanovic, Lazar Davidovic
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to report our single-center experience in the open surgical treatment of acute spontaneous infrarenal isolated abdominal aortic dissection (siIAAD). METHODS AND PATIENTS: This was a single center retrospective study. Between January 2015 and 2020 ten patients were treated due to acute siIAAD with open surgery. There were no patients treated for chronic siIAAD in this time period. Patients who had concomitant thoracic aortic involvement were excluded from this report...
April 6, 2021: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Camila Rigobello, Rodrigo Moreno Klein, Juliana Diosti Debiasi, Luis Guilherme Ursini, Ana Paula Michelin, Andressa Keiko Matsumoto, Décio Sabbatini Barbosa, Estefânia Gastaldello Moreira
Paracetamol (PAR) has been employed worldwide for pain and fever treatment during pregnancy and lactation. Epidemiologic studies have shown that exposure to PAR can increase the risk for developmental disorders, such as attention-deficit hyperactive disorder and autism spectrum disorder. This study aimed to investigate if gestational and lactational exposure to human-relevant doses of PAR could alter behavioural and brain oxidative stress parameters in the rat`s offspring. Wistar dams were gavaged daily with water or PAR (35 mg/kg/ or 350 mg/kg) during gestational day 6 to weaning (postnatal day 21)...
April 6, 2021: Behavioural Brain Research
Jashmitha Rammanohar, Chen Zhang, Arlsan A Sidhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2021: Rheumatology
Samuel Han, Augustin R Attwell, Philip Tatman, Steven A Edmundowicz, Hazem T Hammad, Mihir S Wagh, Sachin Wani, Raj J Shah
OBJECTIVES: Data regarding the safety of endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) are limited compared with biliary endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. The aim of this study was to determine adverse events (AEs) associated with therapeutic ERP. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study examined consecutive therapeutic ERPs with the primary intention of cannulating the pancreatic duct. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors for AEs...
March 1, 2021: Pancreas
Hasani W Swindell, David P Trofa, Frank J Alexander, Julian J Sonnenfeld, Bryan M Saltzman, Christopher S Ahmad
Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries are a common source of pain and disability in the overhead athlete and often result in notable loss of time from competition. Over the past 10 to 15 years, the prevalence of UCL injury and reconstruction has undergone a dramatic increase, making it imperative to determine which patients may benefit from a nonsurgical regimen. Nonsurgical treatment involves a multidisciplinary approach of rehabilitation with tailored physical therapy programs and, in certain cases, biologic adjuncts...
April 9, 2021: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Global Research & Reviews
Toshiaki Haraguchi, Shinichiro Kume, Kotaro Jimbo, Masafumi Gotoh, Naoto Shiba, Takahiro Okawa
CASE: A 43-year-old man who underwent intramedullary nailing for a closed tibial fracture developed saphenous nerve entrapment neuropathy. He developed severe medial leg pain, which was worse on walking or standing, 2 years postoperatively. Surgical neurolysis resulted in complete pain relief and functional recovery of the limb without recurrence of symptoms. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should consider several etiologies in the diagnostic evaluation of a patient with chronic pain after limb trauma...
April 9, 2021: JBJS Case Connector
Matthew S Duprey, Sandra M A Dijkstra-Kersten, Irene J Zaal, Becky A Briesacher, Jane S Saczynski, John L Griffith, John W Devlin, Arjen J C Slooter
RATIONALE: It is unclear whether opioid use increases the risk of ICU delirium. Prior studies have not accounted for confounding including daily severity of illness, pain and competing events that may preclude delirium detection. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between ICU opioid exposure, opioid dose, and delirium occurrence. METHODS: In consecutive adults admitted >24 hours to the ICU, daily mental status was classified as awake without delirium, delirium, or unarousable...
April 9, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Pil Wook Chung, Byung Su Kim, Jeong Wook Park, Jong Hee Sohn, Mi Ji Lee, Byung Kun Kim, Min Kyung Chu, Jin Young Ahn, Yun Ju Choi, Tae Jin Song, Dae Woong Bae, Daeyoung Kim, Jae Moon Kim, Soo Kyoung Kim, Kwang Yeol Park, Jae Myun Chung, Heui Soo Moon, Kyungmi Oh, Chin Sang Chung, Soo Jin Cho
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Epidemiologic data suggest that cluster headache (CH) is significantly associated with cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to determine differences in features between patients with a smoking history and those who are never-smokers, using data from a prospective multicenter registry. METHODS: Data used in this study were obtained from the Korean Cluster Headache Registry that collected data from consecutive patients diagnosed with CH...
April 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Matteo Paolucci, Claudia Altamura, Fabrizio Vernieri
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Migraine is a complex neurovascular disorder whose triggers are not entirely understood. Endothelial dysfunction might play a role in migraine, and there have been numerous reports on endothelium dysfunction and migraine pathophysiology, but their reciprocal cause-effect relationship remains unclear. This review reports the current evidence on endothelium dysfunction, its link with migraine, and its possible consequences for cerebral hemodynamics. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search of PubMed up to March 2020...
April 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
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March 2021: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
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