Nicolas Larinier, Nicolas Vuillerme, Alexandre Jadaud, Solène Malherbe, Romain Balaguier
BACKGROUND: Physical activity programs at the workplace have shown positive results on physical capacities and pain for several years. Due to the duration of the training session or the need for an instructor, these supervised programs are rather difficult to implement. For this reason, numerous companies, especially companies in manual sectors, are turning to another solution, i.e. warm-up intervention before the work shift. These interventions present various advantages such as short duration and the possibility to perform exercises in working clothes...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Jun-Hee Kim, Chung-Hwi Yi, Hye-Seon Jeon, Woo-Chol Joseph Choi, Jong-Hyuck Weon, Oh-Yun Kwon
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of subacromial pain syndrome (SPS) is associated with the frequent handling and lifting of heavy loads and excessive repetitive work. Thus, assembly workers have a high prevalence of SPS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in shoulder ROM, muscle strength, asymmetry ratio, function, productivity, and depression between workers with and without SPS. METHODS: Sixty-seven male workers (35 workers with SPS and 32 workers without SPS) participated in this study...
November 24, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Tuğba Arslan, Muhammet Zeki Gültekin
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the musculoskeletal system pathologies frequently encountered especially in women. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to compare the efficacy of an online exercise program with a home exercise program including the same exercises, and a control group planned for females with PFPS. METHODS: The study included 60 females with PFPS aged 33.17 ± 6.84. Participants were randomly divided into 3 groups...
November 17, 2022: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Crystal S Shin, Remya Ammassam Veettil, Tamil S Sakthivel, Aparna Adumbumkulath, Richard Lee, Mahira Zaheer, Elayaraja Kolanthai, Sudipta Seal, Ghanashyam Acharya
Diseases affecting the retina, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy, macular edema, and retinal vein occlusions, are currently treated by the intravitreal injection of drug formulations. These disease pathologies are driven by oxidative damage due to chronic high concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the retina. Intravitreal injections often induce retinal detachment, intraocular hemorrhage, and endophthalmitis. Furthermore, the severe eye pain associated with these injections lead to patient noncompliance and treatment discontinuation...
November 28, 2022: ACS Applied Bio Materials
Roshan Bootun, Mandy Burrows, Mohammed M Chowdhury, Philip W Stather, Wissam Al-Jundi
INTRODUCTION: Varicose veins (VV) negatively impact quality of life (QoL) and have risks of major complications including bleeding, ulceration and phlebitis. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the VSGBI (Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland) and GIRFT (Get It Right First Time) classified VVs as lowest priority for intervention. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine harm caused and the impact on the QoL on patients waiting for their VVs procedures for more than 1 year...
November 28, 2022: Phlebology
Jane Andreasen, Angela Fearon, Dylan Morissey, Laura H Hjørnholm, Jens Kristinsson, Jens Erik Jorgensen, Carsten M Mølgaard
BACKGROUND: Women experiencing greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) report high levels of pain and reduced quality of life. Exploring how they manage GTPS in a daily life context can provide important knowledge about individual coping strategies. Education, extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and exercise have good group level evidence for efficacy in clinical trials and are increasingly used in routine care for patients with GTPS. Exploring women's experiences of such treatment may help understand the mechanisms underpinning these positive results and inform treatment strategies...
2022: PloS One
Sarah M Hartz, Robert C Culverhouse, Carrie M Mintz, Matthew S Ellis, Zachary A Kasper, Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, Richard A Grucza, Laura J Bierut, Theodore J Cicero
Chronic pain increases risk for opioid overdose among individuals with opioid use disorder. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between recent overdose and whether or not chronic pain is active. 3,577 individuals in treatment for opioid use disorder in 2017 or 2018 were surveyed regarding recent overdoses and chronic pain. Demographics from the 2017 Treatment Episode Data Set, which includes all U.S. facilities licensed or certified to provide substance use care, were used to evaluate the generalizability of the sample...
2022: PloS One
Adrian Jorda, Juan Campos-Campos, Constanza Aldasoro, Carlos Colmena, Martin Aldasoro, Kenia Alvarez, Soraya L Valles
It is known that exercise can be one of the causes of muscular damage. In recent times, physiotherapists and medical professionals have been employing USGET techniques to stimulate muscle recovery to improve its performance after the injury. We pretend to analyse if the Ultrasound-guided electrolysis (USGET) technique could reduce muscle damage, inflammation, and pain in the present study. Female Wistar rats were assigned to one of three different groups: control (C), notexin (NOT) and notexin with USGET (electrolysis at 6mA) (NOT+USGET)...
2022: PloS One
Ameen Z Alherabi, Rehab F Simsim, Suha H Alsayed, Ahmad S Alharthi, Osama Marglani
BACKGROUND Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a rare malignant tumor that arises from the mucosal lining epithelium of the nasopharynx, most commonly at the lateral nasopharyngeal recess or fossa of Rosenmüller. According to global age-standardized incidence rates (ASIRs), in 2018 the incidence rate of nasopharyngeal carcinoma varied from 2.1 to 0.4 per 100 000 in Asia and Europe, respectively. The number of deaths exceeded 50 000. It is one of the few head and neck tumors prone to distant metastasis, most commonly to bones, lung, and liver...
November 28, 2022: American Journal of Case Reports
Christopher Harrington Facem, Jimmy Bliss Facem, Leon Lam Franzcr, Christopher Partyka Facem
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of the serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) in the prehospital and retrieval environment including the ability to accurately identify those patients with thoracic trauma and clinically suspected rib fractures who would benefit from this procedure. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of all patients with thoracic trauma and clinically suspected rib fractures who received SAPB by a prehospital and retrieval medical team in New South Wales, Australia, between 2018 and 2021...
November 28, 2022: Prehospital Emergency Care
Marjolein E Haveman, Rianne van Melzen, Mostafa El Moumni, Richte C L Schuurmann, Hermie J Hermens, Monique Tabak, Jean-Paul P M de Vries
BACKGROUND: Preoperative telemonitoring of vital signs, physical activity, and well-being might be able to optimize prehabilitation of the patient's physical and mental condition prior to surgery, support setting alarms during in-hospital monitoring, and allow personalization of the postoperative recovery process. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate when and how long patients awaiting major abdominal surgery should be monitored to get reliable preoperative individual baseline values of heart rate (HR), daily step count, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs)...
November 28, 2022: JMIR perioperative medicine
Eeva Aartolahti, Maarit Janhunen, Niina Katajapuu, Juha Paloneva, Konsta Pamilo, Airi Oksanen, Hannes Keemu, Mikko Karvonen, Mika Luimula, Raija Korpelainen, Timo Jämsä, Keijo Mäkelä, Ari Heinonen
BACKGROUND: Exergames can provide encouraging exercise options. Currently, there is limited evidence regarding home-based exergaming in the postoperative phase of total knee replacement (TKR). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a 4-month postoperative home-based exergame intervention with an 8-month follow-up on physical function and symptoms among older persons undergoing TKR compared with home exercise using a standard protocol. In addition, a concurrent embedded design of a mixed methods study was used by including a qualitative component within a quantitative study of exergame effects...
November 28, 2022: JMIR Research Protocols
Andrew Chan, Rachel Cohen, Katherine-Marie Robinson, Devvrat Bhardwaj, Geoffrey Gregson, Jeffrey W Jutai, Jason Millar, Adriana Ríos Rincón, Atena Roshan Fekr
BACKGROUND: Home health monitoring shows promise in improving health outcomes; however, navigating the literature remains challenging given the breadth of evidence. There is a need to summarize the effectiveness of monitoring across health domains and identify gaps in the literature. In addition, ethical and user-centered frameworks are important to maximize the acceptability of health monitoring technologies. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to summarize the clinical evidence on home-based health monitoring through a scoping review and outline ethical and user concerns and discuss the challenges of the current user-oriented conceptual frameworks...
November 28, 2022: JMIR aging
Filip Gedin, Sebastian Blomé, Moa Pontén, Maria Lalouni, Jens Fust, Andreé Raquette, Viktor Vadenmark Lundquist, William H Thompson, Karin Jensen
IMPORTANCE: Persistent pain is a common and disabling health problem that is often difficult to treat. There is an increasing interest in medicinal cannabis for treatment of persistent pain; however, the limited superiority of cannabinoids over placebo in clinical trials suggests that positive expectations may contribute to the improvements. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the size of placebo responses in randomized clinical trials in which cannabinoids were compared with placebo in the treatment of pain and to correlate these responses to objective estimates of media attention...
November 1, 2022: JAMA Network Open
Kazuki Iio, Yu Ishida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2022: JAMA
Zhiqiang Zhao, Ziheng Jia, Tong Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2022: JAMA Internal Medicine
Prasad Shirvalkar, Lawrence Poree
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2022: JAMA Neurology
Sanket S Dhruva, Jaime Murillo, Omid Ameli, Pamela E Morin, Donna L Spencer, Rita F Redberg, Ken Cohen
IMPORTANCE: Spinal cord stimulators (SCSs) are increasingly used for the treatment of chronic pain. There is a need for studies with long-term follow-up. OBJECTIVE: To determine the comparative effectiveness and costs of SCSs compared with conventional medical management (CMM) in a large cohort of patients with chronic pain. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a 1:5 propensity-matched retrospective comparative effectiveness research analysis of insured individuals from April 1, 2016, to August 31, 2018...
November 28, 2022: JAMA Neurology
Catherine Paré, Pascal Thibault, Junie S Carriere, Michael J L Sullivan
Previous research has shown that depression is associated with adverse recovery outcomes following work-related musculoskeletal injury. Treatment outcome expectancies have also been shown to predict recovery trajectories following musculoskeletal injury. The present study examined the role of positive and negative treatment outcome expectancies as mediators of the relation between depressive symptoms and treatment outcome for individuals receiving physical therapy for a musculoskeletal injury. The study sample consisted of 153 individuals who had sustained a work-related musculoskeletal injury to the back or neck within 6 months of enrolment...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Mustafa Çapraz, Muhammed Emin Düz
INTRODUCTION: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by recurrent self-limiting fever, peritonitis, arthritis, and erysipelas-like-erythema, common among ethnic groups such as Turkish, Armenian, Arab, and Jewish. The disease is caused by mutations in the MEFV gene encoding the Pyrin. This study examines the genotypes of FMF patients from Amasya, Turkey. METHOD: According to the Tel Hashomer criteria, one thousand five hundred seventy patients (871 female, 699 male, mean age 21...
November 28, 2022: Irish Journal of Medical Science
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