Mingjun Wang, Xiaofeng Li, Peng Li, Hongyan Wang, Wenxiang Gao
The main aim of this article was to examine the therapeutic evaluation of our modified partial lateral facetectomy of the patella for stage III lateral patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA), which includes (1) partial lateral patella articular facet that was resected; (2) coronal Z-shaped incision to lengthen lateral retinaculum; (3) patellar perimeter electrocoagulation to denervate. Between December 2008 and January 2013, 36 knees of 32 patients with severe patellofemoral (PF) osteoarthritis (OA) were treated with our modified partial patellar lateral facetectomy...
July 13, 2020: Journal of Knee Surgery
Zhenyu Luo, Kai Zhou, Haoyang Wang, Fuxing Pei, Zongke Zhou
Single-radius (SR) prostheses and multiple-radii (MR) prostheses have different theoretical advantages; however, few comparative studies have been reported. The aim of the study was to compare mid-term clinical, radiological, and survival outcomes of SR and MR posterior-stabilized prostheses in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Two hundred consecutive patients who underwent TKA between January 2012 and July 2013 were enrolled in the SR group (100 patients) and an MR group (100 patients), with a minimum follow-up of 5 years...
July 13, 2020: Journal of Knee Surgery
Steven Madsen, Kyla N Price, Vivian Y Shi, Peter A Lio
BACKGROUND: Topical steroid-sparing agents (SSA), such as tacrolimus, pimecrolimus, and crisaborole, represent an important therapeutic option in the treatment of inflammatory dermatoses such as atopic dermatitis. While these agents lack the common side effects associated with topical corticosteroids, they all share application site pain as an important adverse effect. SUMMARY: Based on the available evidence and our experience, we suggest the following 7 practical strategies for decreasing the pain associated with SSA use...
July 13, 2020: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
Z Nobakht, M Rassafiani, S A Hosseini, S Hosseinzadeh
BACKGROUND: Mothers of moderately to severely affected children with cerebral palsy (CP) have to spend a long time to take care of their children. This time-consuming responsibility affects their physical and psychosocial health. Therefore, mothers as caregivers are required to receive special training to take care of their children. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a developed web-based intervention for daily care training of children with CP on their mothers' quality of life (QOL), anxiety, depression, stress, and their musculoskeletal pain...
July 10, 2020: Research in Developmental Disabilities
J B Sharma, Manasi Kamalakar Deoghare, Neerja Bhatla, Garima Kachhawa, Reeta Mahey, Rajesh Kumari, Amlesh Seth, Alpana Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To compare short term results of autologous rectus fascia pubovaginal sling surgery with synthetic transobturator vaginal tape procedure in treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) STUDY DESIGN: It was a comparative study on 30 women between 25-65 years of age with urodynamic proven SUI who were randomly allocated to autologous rectus fascia pubovaginal sling surgery (Group I)(15 women) and synthetic transobturator vaginal tape procedure (Group II) (15 women). Preoperative and postoperative ICIQ (International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire) score, urodynamic study and serum CRP and IL-6 were done in all cases...
July 3, 2020: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Matthew M Pier, Luke J Pasick, Daniel A Benito, Ghiath Alnouri, Robert T Sataloff
OBJECTIVE: To assess trends of Google Search queries for symptoms and complaints encountered commonly in otolaryngology practices during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic when in-person care has been limited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data on Google Search queries in the United States for 30 otolaryngology-related terms were obtained from Google Trends. The means of relative search volume from the COVID-19 period (March 29, 2020 through May 16, 2020) were compared to similar periods from 2016 to 2019 using a t-test of two independent samples...
June 19, 2020: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Manuel Martinez-Lavin, Melina Tejada-Ruiz
More than one-fourth of all Persian Gulf War coalition soldiers remain seriously ill. Several epidemiological studies suggest a link between multiple vaccinations at the time of the military operation and the illness development. Macrophagic Myofasciitis and Post-HPV Vaccination Syndrome are two newer controversial vaccine-related disabling ailments. OBJECTIVES: 1) To systematically review all original articles investigating the association of vaccines with Gulf War Illness, 2) To discuss Gulf War Illness, Macrophagic Myofasciitis, and Post-HPV Vaccination Syndrome clinical similarities, 3) To discuss emergent pathogenetic mechanisms proposed for Post-HPV Vaccination Syndrome that may be also relevant to Gulf War Illness and Macrophagic Myofasciitis...
July 10, 2020: Autoimmunity Reviews
Jennifer J Bagwell, Nicholas Reynolds, Michelle Walaszek, Hannah Runez, Kristina Lam, Jo Armour Smith, Dimitrios Katsavelis
BACKGROUND: Low back, pelvic, and lower extremity pain are common during and after pregnancy. Understanding differences in mechanics between pregnant and non-pregnant females is a first step toward identifying potential pathological mechanisms. The primary purpose of this study was to compare joint kinetics and muscle activation during gait between females during and after pregnancy to nulliparous females. METHODS: Twenty pregnant females completed testing on three occasions (second trimester, third trimester, and post-partum), while 20 matched, nulliparous controls were tested once...
July 6, 2020: Gait & Posture
Anand Brahmandam, Navid Gholitabar, Jonathan Cardella, Naiem Nassiri, Alan Dardik, Marc Georgi, Cassius Iyad Ochoa Chaar
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia (CLTI) manifests as tissue loss (TL) and rest pain (RP). Outcomes of lower extremity revascularization (LER) for CLTI have traditionally been evaluated as a single entity and compared with claudication. We hypothesize that patients presenting with TL have worse short-term outcomes after LER, compared to patients with RP. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) was reviewed between 2009-2013. All patients undergoing LER for TL and RP were identified...
July 10, 2020: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Hiroyuki Arakawa
Restraint is a widely used experimental stress manipulation in animal models. It is still unclear, however, whether restraint is associated with physical fatigue leading to overall behavioral inhibition, or if it induces activation of defensive behaviors and strategies to protect against subsequent challenges. The aim of this study was to systematically investigate restraint effects in rats based on housing condition (isolation- vs. pair-housed) and age at the time of testing, both of which are relevant to the expression of defensive strategies...
July 10, 2020: Physiology & Behavior
F Smeraglia, M A Basso, G Famiglietti, R Eckersley, A Bernasconi, G Balato
The aim of this systematic review was to understand which procedure-total or partial wrist denervation-provides better results in terms of pain relief and function. This review was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42018088856). We searched the Medline (PubMed), Web of Science and Scopus databases. Twenty-one studies were included in this review. We assessed the quality of the studies using the Coleman Methodological Score. Data on demographics, surgical indications, diagnostic methods, follow-up periods, type and rates of complications, survivorship of the procedure, return to work, and outcome measures were recorded...
July 10, 2020: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Sam Grinberg, Rachel Beth Simon, Christina Dowe, Antonio T Brecevich, Frank P Cammisa, Celeste Abjornson
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The number of complex fusions performed on Medicare beneficiaries, defined as ≥ age 65, with lumbar spinal stenosis with or without spondylolisthesis has been increasing. Typically, these procedures are longer, more invasive and pose a greater risk for complications. Interlaminar stabilization (ILS) serves as an intermediary between decompression alone and decompression with fusion. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively examine the efficacy of ILS in patients ≥ age 65 through comparison to fusion in the same age group and ILS in younger patients...
July 10, 2020: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Naohisa Miyakoshi, Michio Hongo, Yuji Kasukawa, Yoshinori Ishikawa, Daisuke Kudo, Yoichi Shimada
BACKGROUND: For the surgical treatment of spinal malignant tumor, spinal reconstruction with bone graft and instrumentation is necessary after tumor resection, but postoperative complications including grafted bone resorption may arise. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 42-year-old Asian woman presented with neck pain, tumorous masses on the neck, and left arm pain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography of the cervical spine showed extensive malignant spinal tumor...
July 10, 2020: World Neurosurgery
Luis Cabezón-Gutiérrez, Sara Custodio-Cabello, Magda Palka-Kotlowska, Parham Khosravi-Shahi
INTRODUCTION: This is a review of the evidence from studies of the efficacy and tolerability of topically applied, high-concentration (8%) capsaicin in Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). METHODS: For this review, we searched EMBASE and MEDLINE to 14 April 2020. The terms used in the search included capsaicin patch, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, cancer pain or malignant pain. RESULTS: A total of 69 studies were obtained but only 5 were selected for the final analysis...
July 10, 2020: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Rafidah Abdullah, Ping Guo, Richard Harding
BACKGROUND: Care for people with progressive illness should be person-centred and account for their cultural values and spiritual beliefs. There are an estimated 1.7 billion Muslims worldwide, largely living in low-and middle-income countries. AIMS: This study aimed to identify, appraise, and integrate the evidence for the experiences and preferences of Muslim patients/families for end-of-life care in Muslim-majority countries DESIGN: Systematic review DATA SOURCES: PsychoINFO, MEDLINE, Embase, Global Health, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and Registry of Clinical Trials Trial, Pubmed, ASSIA, Social Services Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, Social Policy & Practice, and Scopus were searched until December 2018...
July 10, 2020: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Giulia Magni, Silvia Pedretti, Matteo Audano, Donatella Caruso, Nico Mitro, Stefania Ceruti
Trigeminal neuralgia is often an early symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), and it generally does not correlate with the severity of the disease. Thus, whether it is triggered simply by demyelination in specific central nervous system areas is currently questioned. Our aims were to monitor the development of spontaneous trigeminal pain in an animal model of MS, and to analyze: i) glial cells, namely astrocytes and microglia in the central nervous system and satellite glial cells in the trigeminal ganglion, and ii) metabolic changes in the trigeminal system...
July 10, 2020: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Lin Yuan, Limin Luo, Xiaqing Ma, Wenying Wang, Kangkang Yu, Haibo Shi, Jian Chen, Dake Chen, Tao Xu
Chronic morphine exposure persistently activates Gαi/o protein-coupled receptors and enhances adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity, which can increase cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production. Direct binding of cAMP to the cytoplasmic site on hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels increases the probability of channel opening. HCN channels play a prominent role in chronic pain the disease that shares some common mechanisms with opioid tolerance. This compensatory AC activation may be responsible for the induction of morphine-induced analgesic tolerance...
July 10, 2020: Neuropharmacology
Kate M Nicholson, Deborah Hellman
Doctors have two ethical duties: to cure disease or ease suffering and, also, to do no harm. The ethical duty to "Do No Harm" has been used to justify two sides of a pendulum swing in the philosophy of opioid prescribing for pain. In the 1990s, it was invoked to expand prescribing, and more recently to justify dramatic reductions in prescription opioid use. In this Article, we explore whether prescribing opioids for pain presents challenges that differ from the ordinary mandate physicians face as they balance the call for action with the imperative to do no harm [DNH]...
May 2020: American Journal of Law & Medicine
Anuj Shukla, Priyanka Gaur
Here, we report a family with two children (the elder son and younger daughter) diagnosed with juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the father diagnosed with hereditary angioedema. Serum C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) levels were low, and clinical exome next-generation sequencing detected a frameshift mutation in the SERPING-1 gene in all three patients. The mother had neither of the clinical phenotypes. The son had cutaneous symptoms, fever and polyarthralgia, along with lupus nephritis, and thus required rituximab therapy as well as mycophenolate mofetil and low-dose steroids to control disease activity...
July 12, 2020: Lupus
Elena Dellepiane, Francesco Pera, Paola Zunino, Maria Grazia Mugno, Paolo Pesce, Maria Menini
The aim of this study was to assess oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) of patients before, during and after completion of implant-supported full-arch immediate loading rehabilitation according to the Columbus Bridge Protocol (CBP). 25 patients with compromised dentition were rehabilitated according to the CBP and were assessed for OHRQoL using 4 questionnaires specifically realized for this study and inspired to the OHIP (Oral Health Impact Profile) questionnaire. Patients assessed themselves before surgery, during the healing period (1 week and 2 months after surgery) and after definitive prosthodontic treatment (4 months after surgery)...
July 13, 2020: Journal of Oral Implantology
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