Wendy Sullivan-Kwantes, Peter Tikuisis
A field study was conducted to examine the vulnerability of military divers to non-freezing cold injury (NFCI) during Arctic ice-diving operations. Participants were instrumented with temperature sensors on the back of their hands and on the bottom of their big toe for each dive to measure cooling of their extremities. While NFCI was not diagnosed in any of the participants during this field study, the data indicate that the feet were particularly vulnerable during the dives given that they were mostly in a temperature zone that could cause pain and performance decrements...
December 2023: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Victoria B Marshall, Savannah C Hooper, Carolyn Black Becker, Pamela K Keel, Lisa Smith Kilpela
This study examined differences in mental health in older adult women before versus during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants who were community dwelling ( N  = 227) included n  = 67 women aged 60-94 in the pre-pandemic group and n  = 160 women aged 60-85 in the peri-pandemic group who completed self-report measures assessing mental health and quality of life (QOL). We compared mental health and QOL indices across the pre- and peri-pandemic groups. Results indicated that the peri-pandemic group reported higher anxiety ( F  = 4...
March 26, 2023: Journal of Women & Aging
Luca Cevolani, Laura Campanacci, Eric Lodewijk Staals, Barbara Dozza, Giuseppe Bianchi, Francesca De Terlizzi, Davide Maria Donati
BACKGROUND: Bone metastases are frequent in patients with cancer. Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is a minimally invasive treatment based on a high-voltage electric pulse combined with an anticancer drug. Preclinical and clinical studies supported the use of ECT in patients with metastatic bone disease, demonstrating that it does not damage the mineral structure of the bone and its regenerative capacity, and that is feasible and efficient for the treatment of bone metastases. Year 2014 saw the start of a registry of patients with bone metastases treated with ECT, whose data are recorded in a shared database...
March 26, 2023: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Ayman Khoury, Gil Gannot, Amir Oron
The radial tunnel syndrome (RTS) is an entrapment of the radial nerve in the forearm. It is characterized by pain focused on the trapping area in the proximal forearm as well as pain radiated down the forearm. The syndrome is more common in men and in our estimation, there is a circumstantial connection to the continuous use of the computer keyboard. Radial tunnel syndrome is a consequence of nerve entrapment in the tunnel, which is formed from a covering consisting of the supinator muscle and the distal margins of this muscle...
March 2023: Harefuah
Nawaf Alammari, Mohammed Alshalhoub, Mohanad Aleeban
BACKGROUND Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a potentially fatal condition that occurs in 100 persons per 100 000 population, and accounts for 60 000 deaths per year in the United States, making its evaluation and diagnosis essential. Diagnosing DVT can be challenging due to symptom variations between patients. There are no previous reports of DVT patients presenting with foot drop in the literature. Therefore, the purpose of this case report is to present an unusual presentation of DVT in a middle-aged man with no clearly identifiable risk factors for DVT...
March 26, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Kentaro Amaha, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Atsushi Teramoto, Yohei Kawasaki, Yuki Shiko, Nobuto Kitamura
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to clarify the clinical outcomes of surgical treatment for end-stage ankle osteoarthritis in patients aged ≥ 75 years and compare these outcomes with those of patients aged < 75 years. METHODS: A total of 148 patients, including 65 who underwent total ankle arthroplasty and 83 who underwent ankle arthrodesis, were retrospectively surveyed. Clinical outcomes were assessed preoperatively and at the last follow-up using the Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot Hindfoot Scale and a self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire (SAFE-Q)...
March 25, 2023: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
P N d'Ailly, C Deugd, N W L Schep, T M Kuijper, M R Kok, A Willemze, J H Coert, P H P de Jong, W K Lam-Tse, A H M van der Helm-van Mil, I Tchetverikov, A E A M Weel-Koenders, R J Bisoendial
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are inflammatory diseases that often affect the wrist and, when affected, can lead to impaired wrist function and progressive joint destruction if inadequately treated. Standard care consists primarily of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), often supported by systemic corticosteroids or intra-articular corticosteroid injections (IACSI). IACSI, despite their use worldwide, show poor response in a substantial group of patients...
March 25, 2023: Trials
Shasha Liu, Shuai Fan, Guiping Li, Bin Cai, Yuan Yao, Lei Jin, Yuxin Zhang, Xinjun Zhang, Lili Xu
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus regarding the best treatment option, including physical exercise, available for temporomandibular degenerative joint disease (DJD) that affect the older patients. Herein, we aimed to study and compare the efficacy of a combined approach using injection and home physical exercise with physical therapy alone as well as explored an optimal treatment strategy for older patients with DJD. METHODS: We included 213 older patients with DJD treated at our medical centre from June 2020 to June 2021, 64 of whom were selected for analysis...
March 25, 2023: BMC Oral Health
Paula Zwicker, Marcus Freitag, Florian H Heidel, Thomas Kocher, Axel Kramer
OBJECTIVES: Oral mucositis caused by intensive cancer chemotherapy or radiotherapy frequently results in pronounced damage of the oral mucosa leading to painful oral hygiene. To support oral care, antimicrobial effective mouth rinses may be used. Thus, the efficacy of a hypochlorite-based mouth rinse (Granudacyn®), assumed to be highly biocompatible because of the compounds being part of the natural pathogen defense, as possible antiseptic agent in case of oral mucositis was compared to that of an octenidine based antiseptic mouth rinse (Octenidol® md)...
March 26, 2023: BMC Oral Health
Sarah Abdulaziz Mohammed Alkanan, Hadeel Saleh Alhaweri, Ghada Amin Khalifa, Shaimaa Mohamed Saeed Ata
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to determine to what extent olfactory aromatherapy reduces the intensity of dental pain and the level of dental anxiety. It also attempted to corelate between olfactory aromatherapy, stages of dental visits, and various dental procedures. METHODS: Female patients were enrolled in a randomized controlled study. Olfactory aromatherapy was performed using lavender oils. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the lavender group, in which patients inhaled 2% lavender vapors, and the control group, in which patients inhaled water vapors...
March 26, 2023: BMC Oral Health
Ilse Sarahí Márquez-Vergara, Geovanni Jassiel Ríos-Nequis, Ingrid Yazmín Pita-Ortíz, Héctor Javier Pérez-Cano, Selma Alin Somilleda-Ventura
Visual-related quality of life in retinal diseases has not been explored in the Mexican population, so the study aims to identify it in patients undergoing surgery due to advanced diabetic retinopathy, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, and other causes of vitrectomy; the Visual Function Quality-25 questionnaire was applied to 76 patients, pre-and postoperative. It was divided into 10 domains and interpreted according to the National Eye Institute scores, where the highest value was the best visual function...
March 25, 2023: Scientific Reports
A Flandroy, P Fosseprez, G R Pirson, A Berners, M Servaes, C R Deconinck
BACKGROUND: After massive weight loss (MWL), the chest in men may show significant deformities. The surgical treatment of gynecomastia after MWL remains a difficult and partially misunderstood surgery due to 4 main factors: a complex excess of skin in height and width that sometimes continues in the axilla or dorsal region, a predominantly fatty rather than glandular component, the malposition of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) that is often enlarged and an inframammary fold (IMF) that is often marked...
March 23, 2023: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Akilesh Ramasamy, Balasubramanian Madhan
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing long-term glucocorticoid therapy are administered additional glucocorticoids before minor dental procedures, although this is not supported by evidence. The authors designed this study to validate the hypothesis that routine blanket glucocorticoid supplementation is unnecessary during minor oral surgical procedures under local anesthesia. METHODS: The authors recruited 270 patients into 3 groups (1:1:1 allocation) from the dental outpatient department...
March 23, 2023: Journal of the American Dental Association
Hui-Hui Chai, Zhan-Jing Dai, Bai Xu, Qiao-Hong Hu, Hong-Feng He, Ying Xin, Wen-Wen Yue, Cheng-Zhong Peng
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical and economic effects of ultrasound (US)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with parathyroidectomy (PTX) for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From April 2014 to April 2021, 123 PHPT patients who received US-guided RFA or PTX were studied. Propensity score (PS) matching was used to balance the baseline data of the two groups. The rates of cure, recurrent and persistent PHPT, and complications were compared...
March 23, 2023: Academic Radiology
Scott N Loewenstein, Andrew Regent-Smith, Anthony LoGiudice, Gwendolyn Hoben, Arnold Lee Dellon
PURPOSE: Ulnar wrist denervation has been a successful treatment for patients with ulnar-sided wrist pain. The purpose of this study was to characterize the articular branches of the dorsal branch of the ulnar nerve (DBUN) and validate a technique for selective peripheral nerve blockade. METHODS: In cadavers, we performed simulated local anesthetic injections using 0.5 mL of 0.5% methylene into the subcutaneous tissue at a point midway between the palpable borders of the pisiform and ulnar styloid...
March 23, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Audrey A Keim, Ronna L Campbell, Aidan F Mullan, Megan L McElhinny, Jessica Monas, Alexander S Finch, Kellie L Mathis, Rachel A Lindor
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Stercoral colitis is inflammation of the bowel wall caused by fecal impaction. Despite reported high morbidity and risk of perforation, little research assessing outcomes is available. This study characterizes the presentation, management, and outcomes of emergency department patients with stercoral colitis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of ED patients with stercoral colitis identified on computed tomography (CT) scan. Of 814, 522 visits to multiple EDs across the US, 269 met the inclusion criteria...
March 23, 2023: Annals of Emergency Medicine
A Deroux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2023: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Taylor Pigott, Allison McPeak, Amanda de Chastelain, Marilena M DeMayo, Nivez Rasic, Laura Rayner, Melanie Noel, Jillian Vinall Miller, Ashley D Harris
Intensive interdisciplinary pain treatments (IIPT) have been developed to treat youth with unmanaged chronic pain and functional disability. Dysregulation of metabolites gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate are thought to play a role in the chronification of pain due to imbalances in inhibition and excitation in adults. Using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), we investigated the effect of IIPT on GABA and Glx (glutamate + glutamine) in 2 pain-related brain regions: the left posterior insula (LPI) and the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)...
March 23, 2023: Journal of Pain
Alexis Bikfalvi, Gregory Hofmann, Ahmed Bashawyah, Jean-Benoit Rossel, Erin Gonvers, Eric Albrecht
BACKGROUND: Intravenous dexamethasone prolongs duration of analgesia or sensory block after injection of local anaesthetics close to peripheral nerves by an average of 8 h. Uncertainty remains on the potential increase in the duration of sensory block after spinal anaesthesia. The objective of this randomised controlled double-blinded trial was to investigate whether dexamethasone i.v. prolongs the sensory block of spinal anaesthesia with bupivacaine when compared with a control group...
March 23, 2023: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Davis C Thomas, Junad Khan, Daniele Manfredini, Jessica Ailani
Comorbidity is a distinct additional condition that either existed or exists during the clinical course of a patient afflicted by the condition/entity in question. The clinician attempting to manage temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) and TMD pain must realize that recognition and management of the comorbidities are essential to the successful management of the same with optimal pain control. When TMD presents with multiple comorbidities, the task for the clinician becomes more complex. It is the hope of the authors that this condensed version of TMD-associated comorbidities acts as a primer for understanding the significance of the same in pain management...
April 2023: Dental Clinics of North America
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