Jakub Mlost, Magdalena Kostrzewa, Małgorzata Borczyk, Marta Bryk, Jakub Chwastek, Michał Korostyński, Katarzyna Starowicz
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The endocannabinoid system became a promising target for osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. Functional selectivity of cannabinoids may increase their beneficial properties while reducing side effects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the analgesic potential of two functionally biased CB2 agonists in different treatment regimens to propose the best pharmacological approach for OA management. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Two functionally selective CB2 agonists were administered i...
January 19, 2021: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
Tzvika Greenbaum, Zeevi Dvir, Alona Emodi-Perlman, Shoshana Reiter, Pessia Rubin, Ephraim Winocur
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Upper neck signs, symptoms and hypomobility have been shown to present with a higher prevalence in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, there is currently no evidence of an association between specific TMDs and cervicogenic headache (CGH). Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the odds ratio and the relative risk of CGH in patients with specific TMDs. METHOD: 116 participants, including 74 patients with TMD (pain-related/intraarticular/mixed TMD) and 42 healthy controls took part in this study...
January 12, 2021: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Hideki Kogo, Hideaki Takasaki, Yoshinori Sakata, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Hiroshi Yoshida
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Many cases of unresectable cancer that cause obstructive jaundice require treatment. Depending on the patient's condition in these cases, surgery may be performed to treat jaundice. The main goal of palliative surgery is to improve the quality of life. Therefore, palliative surgery for obstructive jaundice must be performed safely and quickly. CASE PRESENTATION: This case presents a 45-year-old man with fever and back pain who was diagnosed with pancreatic head cancer and multiple liver metastases...
January 15, 2021: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Yasmine Hany Hegab, Ali Helmy El Shewy, Doaa Omar Refaat, Abd Elhafez Mohammad El Shewail
INTRODUCTION: Walled off necrosis (WON) is clarified according to the revised Atlanta classification, 2013, as a late phase complication of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Not all cases with WON need intervention but, if indicated both open approach and minimally invasive techniques were clarified. We are discussing here, a case presented to us with infected WON. We adopted the step up approach as the main line of treatment; the case was managed by percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) followed by retroperitoneal necrosectomy using lavage circuit...
January 2, 2021: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
J F Goubau, B Vanmierlo, K Van Royen, C K Goorens
The trapeziometacarpal joint (TMC) is a saddle joint that is subjected to tremendous repetitive loads through our lifetime. This joint is apparently congruent, but only a small part of the articular surface is loaded during pinch grips. This design implies a perfect bony anatomy, high quality articular cartilage and no ligament laxity. Under certain circumstances, where these different anatomical variables are imperfect, symptoms and pain can start at a very early stage in life. They are mainly acquired, but can be posttraumatic in origin...
January 19, 2021: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Rebekah Patton, Robert Paval, James J McDonald, Duncan Brown, Iain J Gallagher, Richard J E Skipworth, Donald C McMillan, Ross D Dolan, Marie Fallon, Barry J A Laird
BACKGROUND: Development and spread of cancer is linked to the inflammatory response, in which cytokines serve a key role. The inflammatory response may also form the basis for symptoms of cancer. This systematic review examines the relationship between cytokines and symptoms in incurable cancer. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Web of Science and PsycINFO databases were searched for studies from January 2004 to January 2020. RESULTS: Twenty studies were selected (n = 1,806 patients, 119 controls)...
January 19, 2021: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Jean-Louis Kraus
The large families of the molecules of life are at the origin of the discovery of new compounds with which to treat disease. The arrival of artificial intelligence (AI) has considerably modified the search for innovative bioactive drugs and their therapeutic applications. Conventional approaches at different organizational research levels have emerged and, thus, AI associated with gene and cell therapies could supplant conventional pharmacotherapy and facilitate the diagnosis of pathologies. Using the examples of chronic pain and neuropathic disorders, which affect a large number of patients, I illustrate here how AI could generate new therapeutic approaches, why some compounds are seen as recreational drugs and others as medicinal drugs, and why, in some countries, psychedelic drugs are considered as potential therapeutic drugs but not in others...
January 19, 2021: Drug Discovery Today
Marcus Komann, Philipp Baumbach, Ulrike M Stamer, Claudia Weinmann, Christin Arnold, Esther Pogatzki-Zahn, Winfried Meißner
Acute postoperative pain is frequently evaluated by pain intensity scores. However, interpretation of the results is difficult and thresholds requiring treatment are not well defined. Additional patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) might be helpful to better understand individual pain experience and quality of pain management after surgery. We used data from the QUIPS pain registry for a cross-sectional study in order to investigate associations between the desire to receive more pain treatment (D2RMPT) with pain intensity ratings and other PROMs...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Pain
Maria F Ramirez, A Gorur, Juan P Cata
Pain is a common and devastating symptom among cancer patients. It can be caused by the cancer itself or by certain therapies like surgery, radiation or chemotherapy. Opioids are the first line of treatment for moderate to severe cancer-related pain. Opioids alone or in combination with non-opioid analgesics and adjuvant medications are important components for pain management during the perioperative period for cancer patients. Opioids act on the μ-opioid receptor (MOR), which is expressed in cancer cells and non-malignant cells of the tumor microenvironment...
January 19, 2021: Neuroscience Letters
Junya Sugimoto, Hiroshi Satoyoshi, Kazue Takahata, Shizuko Muraoka
Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked metabolic storage disorder arising from the deficiency of lysosomal α-galactosidase A, which leads to the gradual accumulation of glycosphingolipids, mainly globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), throughout the body. Pain in the extremities is an early symptom of FD; however, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms remain unknown. α-Galactosidase A knockout animals exhibit nociceptive behaviors, with enhanced expression levels of several ion channels. These characteristics are observed in animals treated with nerve growth factor (NGF)...
January 19, 2021: European Journal of Pharmacology
Zhao Zhao, Guannan Zhang, Ping Peng, Xiaoyi Li
A 31-year-old woman with epigastric pain underwent a "pi"-shaped copper bearing intrauterine device (IUD) placement 11 years prior while lactating approximately 14 months after delivery. The patient experienced intermittent epigastric pain caused by the IUD penetrating through the gastric wall. Removal required partial gastrectomy.
January 19, 2021: Contraception
Kai Zhang, Yuexin Liu, Wenbo Yang, Jiaji Wang, Jianlin Yang, GuangYin Zhang, Wenjun Bai, Shan Chen
OBJECTIVES: To validate the efficacy and safety of Ningmitai capsule (NMT) in the patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 120 men with CP/CPPS to evaluate the efficacy and safety of NMT. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to NMT or placebo treatment for 4 weeks at three centres. The patients were evaluated by the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) at baseline, the end of 2 and 4 weeks of treatment...
January 19, 2021: Urology
Amanda X Vo, Oliver S Ko, Matthias D Hofer, Ronald J Kim, Jonas S Benson, Joshua A Halpern, Gregory B Auffenberg
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patient, provider, and facility factors associated with variation in opioid prescribing after endoscopic procedures for benign prostatic hyperplasia across a large academic health system to drive improvement efforts. METHODS: Opioids prescribed at discharge for patients who underwent an endoscopic prostate procedure 3/2018-11/2019 were analyzed. Multivariable logistic and linear regression were used to evaluate the relationship between patient, provider, and facility factors and the receipt of any opioid prescription and the quantity prescribed...
January 19, 2021: Urology
Justin Beebe, Corey Kronman, Farah Mahmud, Molly Basch, Melinda Hogan, Eileen Li, Chris Ploski, Laura Simons
OBJECTIVE: Some children with chronic pain struggle with fear of pain, avoidance behaviors, and associated disability; however, movement adaptations in the context of chronic pain in childhood is virtually unknown. Variability in adaptive movement responses previously observed between individuals might be largely explained by the presence of problematic psychological drivers (eg, fear, avoidance). The goals of this study were to (1) quantify the variability of gait and (2) examine relationships among pain, fear, avoidance, function, perceived and objective, and gait variability...
January 22, 2021: Physical Therapy
Sheera F Lerman, Scott Sylvester, C Scott Hultman, Julie A Caffrey
Burn survivors may be at increased risk for suicide due to the nature of their injury and psychiatric comorbidities. The purpose of this review is to assess the evidence as to the prevalence of suicidal ideations and behaviors (attempts and completed suicides) in burn survivors as well as evaluate risk and protective factors. PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane, PsycINFO and Web Science databases were searched using search terms regarding suicide, suicidality and burn. Fourteen full text manuscripts and two published abstracts were included in the review...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Kathleen A Sluka, Steven Z George
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2021: Physical Therapy
Stephen M Kareha, Philip W McClure, Alicia Fernandez-Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: Rating tissue irritability has been recommended to aid decision making in several recent clinical practice guidelines. An explicit method for rating tissue irritability was proposed as part of the Staged Algorithm for Rehabilitation Classification: Shoulder Disorders (STAR-Shoulder), but the reliability and validity of this classification are unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and concurrent validity of shoulder tissue irritability ratings as part of a system designed to guide appropriate treatment strategy and intensity...
January 22, 2021: Physical Therapy
Johannes M Just, Norbert Scherbaum, Michael Specka, Marie-Therese Puth, Klaus Weckbecker
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0236268.].
2021: PloS One
Kaouther Dimassi, Ahmed Halouani, Amine Kammoun, Olivier Ami, Benedicte Simon, Luka Velemir, Denis Fauck, Amel Triki
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the French AmbUlatory Cesarean Section (FAUCS) technique reduces postoperative pain and promotes maternal autonomy compared with the Misgav Ladach cesarean section (MLCS) technique in elective conditions. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred pregnant women were randomly, but in a non-blinded manner, assigned to undergo FAUCS or MLCS. The primary outcome was a postoperative mean pain score (PMPS), and secondary outcomes were a combined pain/medication score, time to regain autonomy, surgical duration, calculated blood loss, surgical complications, and neonatal outcome...
2021: PloS One
Mathieu Nacher, Audrey Valdes, Antoine Adenis, Romain Blaizot, Philippe Abboud, Magalie Demar, Félix Djossou, Loïc Epelboin, Caroline Misslin, Balthazar Ntab, Dominique Louvel, Kinan Drak Alsibai, Pierre Couppié
Disseminated histoplasmosis is one the main AIDS-defining opportunistic infections in HIV-infected patients, notably in Latin America. The non-specific and proteiform clinical presentation leads to diagnostic delays that may lead to fatal outcomes. This retrospective multicentric study aimed to describe the frequency and manifestations of gastrointestinal histoplasmosis in French Guiana, and to compare patients with disseminated histoplasmosis with or without gastrointestinal involvement. Between January 1, 1981 and October 1, 2014 co-infections with HIV and histoplasmosis were enrolled...
January 22, 2021: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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