Jameela Al-Salman, Aysha Sanad Salem Alsabea, Safa Alkhawaja, Alia Mohammed Al Balooshi, Maryam Alalawi, Batool Abdulkarim Ebrahim, Jenan Hasan Zainaldeen, Adel Salman Al Sayyad
BACKGROUND: While most COVID-19 cases have uncomplicated infection, a small proportion has the potential to develop life-threatening disease, as such development of a prediction tool using patients baseline characteristics at the time of diagnosis should aid in early identification of high-risk groups and devise pertinent management. Hence, we set up this retrospective study to determine preadmission triaging tool to predict the development of severe COVID-19 in the Kingdom of Bahrain MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted from 1 September 2020 to 30 November 2020 with enrolment of all SARS-CoV-2 PCR-confirmed persons aged ≥ 14 years who attended Al-Shamil Field Hospital (SFH) in the Kingdom of Bahrain for triaging and assessment with recording of the following parameters: systolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, temperature, the alert, verbal, pain, unresponsive neurological score, age, oxygen saturation, comorbidities, Body Mass Index (BMI), duration of symptoms and living with immunocompromised populations to develop our local adjusted MEWS as predictor for ICU admission & for consideration of suitable isolation at home...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Lillian C Hayes, Jaclyn A Shepard, Michelle M SooHoo, Christina M Rouse, Jaclyn L Papadakis
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this topical review are to (1) increase understanding of pediatric medical traumatic stress (PMTS) in pediatric urology populations through literature review, (2) identify a theoretical model to guide prevention of PMTS in this population, and (3) provide clinical care recommendations based on the model identified. Authors introduce a new term "uropsychology" to describe psychological practice that specializes in the treatment of urology patients. METHODS: Pediatric uropsychologists from 5 pediatric medical care centers gathered to discuss their experience with treating PMTS in their settings and to review existing literature related to PMTS in pediatric urology, PMTS in other populations, and established models for prevention...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Danielle C Mountain, Syed Mustafa Ali, Daniela Ghio, Janet E McDonagh, Lis Cordingley, Rebecca R Lee
OBJECTIVE: The Common Sense Self-Regulatory Model posits that beliefs about pain influence coping behaviors and subsequent physical and mental health outcomes in children/young people with chronic musculoskeletal conditions. It was unclear how and what beliefs had been investigated in this population, and whether there were similarities and differences in beliefs held about pain by those experiencing inflammatory versus noninflammatory musculoskeletal conditions. This scoping review addressed this gap...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Christopher J Steen, Raymond J Yap, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Adam Sutton, Martin Chin, Peter Carne, Stephen W Bell, Paul J McMurrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2023: BJS Open
Emily Moore, Catherine Paré, Estelle Carde, M Gabrielle Pagé
BACKGROUND: Virtual psychotherapy for chronic pain (CP) has been shown to be feasible, efficacious and acceptable; however, little is known about how virtual delivery of group psychotherapy affects participants' experiences. This study aimed to explore the impact of a virtual medium during the COVID-19 pandemic on social interactions and therapeutic processes in the context of group psychotherapy for CP management. METHOD: This qualitative, interview-based study collected data on 18 individuals who participated in virtual group psychotherapy in a tertiary care pain management unit...
September 21, 2023: Pain Medicine
Melissa M Garrido, Aaron Legler, Kiersten Strombotne, Austin Frakt
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree to which differences in incidence of mortality and serious adverse events exist across patient race and ethnicity among Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients receiving outpatient opioid prescriptions and who have similar predicted risks of adverse outcomes. Patients were assigned scores via the VHA Stratification Tool for Opioid Risk Mitigation (STORM), a model used to predict the risk of experiencing overdose- or suicide-related health care events or death...
September 21, 2023: Pain Medicine
Cormac F Mullins, Joseph Palumbo, Stephany Harris, Omar Al-Kaisy, Sam Wesley, Thomas Yearwood, Adnan Al-Kaisy
OBJECTIVE: This case series retrospectively reviewed the outcomes in patients implanted with combined, synchronous dorsal root ganglion stimulation (DRGS) and spinal cord stimulation (SCS) connected to a single implantable pulse generator (IPG) in a tertiary referral neuromodulation centre in the United Kingdom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients underwent a trial of DRGS+SCS for treating focal neuropathic pain between January 2016 and December 2019, with a follow-up in February 2022...
September 21, 2023: Pain Medicine
Allison Hemmer, Kennedy Forest, Joseph Rath, James Bowman
Inflammatory bowel disease is a term describing a group of diseases, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, that cause chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. Both conditions tend to have episodic flares of diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, and unintentional weight loss. This analysis will discuss the etiology, pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical and histologic features, treatment, and complications of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Though there are many similarities between these two conditions it is important to recognize their differences for accurate diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance for potential long-term complications...
September 2023: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
Tory Makela
INTRODUCTION: Prescription opioid misuse and dependency has been a rising cause for concern in the United States in recent years, and many of these cases began with an initial prescription in the Emergency Department (ED). Prior studies found that patients seen by "high intensity" prescribers, who prescribe greater quantities of opioids than 75% of other ED physicians within the same hospital, are significantly more likely to suffer from long-term opioid use. Other studies have shown that educational interventions on appropriate opioid prescription in surgical settings have resulted in fewer post-operative opioid prescriptions and less variance in prescribing habits by providers...
September 2023: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
Kjerstin Hensley
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have demonstrated that the use of opioids in an Emergency Department (ED) increases the chances of a 30-day return to the ED for similar diagnoses. Super-utilizers (SUs) of the EDs tax the ED resources, resulting in sub-optimal outcomes for these patients. Most physicians receive sub-optimal formal training on pain and opioid prescribing. These facts provide an area of improvement for administering optimal patient care in the ED. Presenting a structured curriculum on how to treat patients with pain in the ED could result in a simple, cost-effective solution to decrease provider work-overload, decrease misuse of healthcare resources, and increase the well-being of opioid-addicted patients...
September 2023: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
Tommi Järvinen, Aleksi Varinen, Markku Sumanen
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to find whether Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (ÖMPSQ) predicts the severity of fibromyalgia symptoms after one year in patients with fibromyalgia. The second aim of the study was to observe how symptoms evolved during a one-year follow-up. DESIGN: Prospective cohort and observational study. Five questionnaires were sent to patients. The same questionnaires (excluding ÖMPSQ) were sent after one year...
September 22, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Avideh Maboudi, Reza Fekrazad, Atena Shiva, Negareh Salehabadi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Hodis Ehsani, Omid Yazdani
Background and objective : Some studies support the superiority of diode laser gingivectomy to scalpel surgery and nonsurgical treatments. However, a systematic review on this topic is lacking. This study aimed to compare gingivectomy with diode laser versus the conventional scalpel surgery and nonsurgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) in the treatment of orthodontic treatment-induced gingival enlargement (GE). Materials and methods : In this systematic review, an electronic search of the relevant literature was conducted in Web of Science, Medline/PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ProQuest with no language restriction...
September 2023: Photobiomodulation, photomedicine, and laser surgery
Elham Khoshbin, Leila Ghasemi, Rooholah Behroozi, Zahra Khosravi, Afsaneh Rahmati, Loghman Rezaeisoufi, Hamed Karkehabadi
Objective: In endodontic treatments, performing appropriate anesthesia in patients with irreversible pulpitis in mandibular molars may result in pain and severe problems. The irradiation of low-level lasers could be effective in this regard due to its anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties. This study aimed to assess the effect of 810 nm diode laser on the time of initiation and depth of anesthesia for endodontic treatment of mandibular first molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Materials and methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial evaluated 60 patients requiring endodontic treatment of mandibular first molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis and pain score ≥114 according to the Heft-Parker visual analog scale (HP-VAS)...
September 2023: Photobiomodulation, photomedicine, and laser surgery
Leonel Dos Santos Silva, Ana Filipa Domingues Sousa, Dulce Helena Ferreira de Carvalho, Luciana Puchalski Kalinke
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of nurses from a center in Portugal and two in Brazil regarding the use of non-pharmacological therapies in cancer patients. METHOD: This is a professional experience report. RESULTS: In the Portuguese institution, a group of nurses has been performing massage therapy, reflexology, postural teaching, thermotherapy, relaxation, guided imagery, Reiki, music therapy, aromatherapy, among others, for 17 years, with significant results in pain and vital signs with satisfactory perceptions...
2023: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Elizabeth Redford, Sabine Heuer
PURPOSE: People with dementia (PWD) are one of the fastest-growing clinical populations for speech-language pathologists. Self-reported quality of life (QoL) assessments are critical patient-reported outcome measures that align with person-centered care principles. However, proxy-reporting is most often used due to assumptions that PWD cannot provide reliable self-report. Visual analog scales (VASs) have been successfully used with people with expressive and cognitive deficits to measure subjective constructs such as QoL, mood, and pain...
September 22, 2023: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Ashley Kuzmik, Marie Boltz, Barbara Resnick, Brittany F Drazich, James E Galvin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify factors that are associated with physical activity after hospitalization in persons living with dementia. METHODS: Multiple linear regressions were conducted to test factors associated with objective activity levels (sedentary, low, moderate, and vigorous) among 244 patients living with dementia from a randomized controlled trial. RESULTS: Within 48 hours of hospital discharge, time in sedentary behavior was associated with increased pain (β=0...
September 20, 2023: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Katie N Dainty, M Bianca Seaton, Justin N Hall, Shawn Mondoux, Lency Abraham, Joy McCarron, Jean-Eric Tarride, Shelley L McLeod
INTRODUCTION: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ontario Ministry of Health introduced a pilot program of 14 virtual urgent care (VUC) initiatives across the province to encourage physical distancing and provision of care by telephone and video-enabled visits. The implementation of the VUC pilot is currently being evaluated by an external academic team. The objective of this study was to understand patient experiences with VUC to determine barriers and facilitators to optimal virtual care as it rapidly expands during the current pandemic and beyond...
2023: PloS One
Alexander Hicks, Anika Mazumder, Rylee Moody, Krithika Kumanan, Ramona Behshad
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common adverse events after Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). However, there is a paucity of literature characterizing gram-negative (GN) SSIs after MMS. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to depict the clinical features and risk factors of GN infections after MMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed from all postoperative wound cultures after MMS from 2017 to 2021 at Saint Louis University Medical Center...
September 18, 2023: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Ellen Marie Bardal, Louise Fleng Sandal, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Barbara I Nicholl, Paul Jarle Mork, Karen Søgaard
selfBACK is an artificial intelligence based self-management app for low back pain (LBP) recently reported to reduce LBP-related disability. The aim of this study was to examine if age, gender, or education modify the effectiveness of the selfBACK intervention using secondary analysis of the selfBACK randomized controlled trial. Persons seeking care for LBP were recruited from primary care in Denmark and Norway and an outpatient clinic (Denmark). The intervention group (n = 232) received the selfBACK app adjunct to usual care...
September 2023: PLOS Digit Health
Jane S Hankins, Donald Brambilla, Michael B Potter, Abdullah Kutlar, Robert William Gibson, Allison Ann King, Ana A Baumann, Cathy L Melvin, Victor R Gordeuk, Lewis L Hsu, Chinonyelum Nwosu, Jerlym S Porter, Nicole M Alberts, Sherif M Badawy, Jena Simon, Jeffrey Glassberg, Richard Lottenberg, Lisa DiMartino, Sara Jacobs, Maria E Fernandez, Hayden Bosworth, Lisa M Klesges, Nirmish Shah
Hydroxyurea reduces sickle cell disease (SCD) complications, but medication adherence is low. We tested two mobile health (mHealth) interventions targeting determinants of low adherence among patients (InCharge Health) and low prescribing among providers (HU Toolbox) in a multi-center non-randomized trial of individuals with SCD ages 15-45. We compared the percentage of days covered (PDC), labs, healthcare utilization, and self-reported pain over 24 weeks of intervention and 12 weeks post-study with a 24-week pre-intervention interval...
September 22, 2023: Blood Advances
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