Genc Dapi, Daniel J Cleather, Maeve Murray
Purpose : The aims of the present study were to: (1) investigate the magnitude and direction of the cross-education effect in a unilateral sport skill (overhand throw) and (2) to establish which practice condition (dominant hand only or alternating hands) would yield the best results. Methods : The study involved three experimental groups of 11-year-old children ( n  = 59). The first group ( n  = 20) used only the dominant hand to throw the ball. The second group ( n  = 19) used the nondominant hand only, while the third ( n  = 20) alternated hands for each throw...
June 21, 2024: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Hugo Silva, Fábio Yuzo Nakamura, Gibson Praça, João Ribeiro, Rui Marcelino
Purpose: This longitudinal study analyzed the relationship between players' physical (sprint distances, number of high-intensity accelerations and decelerations assessed with individual and relative thresholds) and technical (retrieved from SofaScore platform) performances during competition. Methods: Twenty elite players were monitored across a full season. Physical performances were monitored with GNSS devices, retrieving time (s), velocity (km.h-1 ) and distance (m). Sprint distances were calculated as > 80% of the match peak speed registered across the season...
June 21, 2024: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Allen F Shaughnessy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2024: American Family Physician
Roope Kalske, Ali Kiadaliri, Raine Sihvonen, Martin Englund, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Mika Paavola, Antti Malmivaara, Ari Itälä, Antti Joukainen, Heikki Nurmi, Pirjo Toivonen, Simo Taimela, Teppo L N Järvinen
BACKGROUND: In patients with a degenerative tear of the medial meniscus, recent meta-analyses and systematic reviews have shown no treatment benefit of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) over conservative treatment or placebo surgery. Yet, advocates of APM still argue that APM is cost effective. Giving advocates of APM their due, we note that there is evidence from the treatment of other musculoskeletal complaints to suggest that a treatment may prove cost effective even in the absence of improvements in efficacy outcomes, as it may lead to other benefits, such as diminished productivity loss and reduced costs, and so the question of cost effectiveness needs to be answered for APM...
May 7, 2024: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Chao Lv, Fangliang Lu, Xiugeng Zhou, Xiang Li, Wenhua Yu, Chune Zhang, Kaishen Chen, Songtao Du, Chao Han, Jia Wang, Yuzhao Wang, Shaolei Li, Liang Wang, Yinan Liu, Shanyuan Zhang, Miao Huang, Dongdong Song, Dachuan Zhao, Bing Liu, Yaqi Wang, Xinrun Cui, Zhiwei Zhou, Shi Yan, Nan Wu
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy can affect patients' pulmonary function and quality of life significantly. No optimal protocol combining patient-reported outcome-based symptom management and post-discharge rehabilitation programme has yet been established. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a novel smartphone app designed for home-based symptom management and rehabilitation. METHODS: The app was developed based on three modules: a symptom reporting system with alerts, aerobic and respiratory training exercises, and educational material...
June 21, 2024: International Journal of Surgery
Dingpei Han, Xinyi Wang, Xin Sun, Yuqin Cao, Chengqiang Li, Wei Guo, Yanxia Hu, Junbiao Hang, Jian Li, Qing Xie, Hecheng Li
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is essential for airway management after thoracic surgery. Most current pulmonary rehabilitations are composed of 2-4-week exercises, which require significant consumption of medical resources and concerns about disease progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center, prospective, randomized controlled trial enrolled smoking patients with pulmonary masses or nodules suitable for lobectomy, aged 18-80, with smoking history (≥20 pack-years)...
June 21, 2024: International Journal of Surgery
Haya Almhmoud, Lara Alatassi, Mouna Baddoura, Joudy Sandouk, Mohamad Zafer Alkayali, Hasan Najjar, Basem Zaino
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder that affects approximately 8% to 13% of women of reproductive age worldwide. It is characterized by a range of symptoms, including hirsutism, acne, and menstrual irregularities, and poses a significant psychological burden, including anxiety and depression. The evolving definition of PCOS, from the 1990 NIH conference to the 2003 Rotterdam conference, highlights its multifaceted nature, encompassing metabolic, reproductive, and psychological aspects...
June 21, 2024: Medicine (Baltimore)
Paolo Hagen, Davide Malatesta, Luca Calanca, Lucia Mazzolai, Stefano Lanzi
This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of a peripheral artery disease (PAD)-adapted 30-20-10 Nordic walking session in patients with symptomatic PAD and to compare the cardiovascular response of this new training session to a traditional walking (TW) and 4 × 4 minutes Nordic walking session. This is a prospective observational study. Patients with Fontaine stage II PAD were included. Patients participated in Nordic walking sessions, which were randomly assigned as TW, 4 × 4 minute intervals, and peripheral artery disease adapted 30-20-10 exercise session (PAD-adapted 30-20-10 sessions)...
June 21, 2024: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ceyda Sofuoğlu, Zehra Güçhan Topçu, Volga Bayrakcı Tunay
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of core stability training program on ball-kicking velocity, running speed, and agility in adolescent male football players. To this end, 36 male football players aged 12-14 were divided into the training group and control group. Before implementing the core stability training program, participants' ball-kicking velocity, sprint speed, and agility performance were measured with a Bushnell velocity radar gun, 20 m sprint test, and 505 agility test, respectively, in both training group and control group...
2024: PloS One
Muluken Basa, Jan De Vries, David McDonagh, Catherine Comiskey
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 and its prevention measures have had a significant impact on patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by disrupting routine healthcare service and increasing risk factors. These challenges were expected to be more severe in sub-Saharan Africa due to the lack of physical infrastructure and inadequate resources. The quantity of studies conducted was limited, and there was a lack of published systematic reviews in the specified region. This systematic review aimed to assess the indirect impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdown measures on individuals with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan African countries...
2024: PloS One
Francisco Javier Robles-Palazón, John J McMahon, Francisco Ayala, Paul Comfort
A range of field-based tests have been proposed for inclusion in physical performance assessment batteries. However, there are obvious time and human resources constraints in applied settings. The knowledge of potential relationships between tests on performance, asymmetries, as well as maturation-induced changes, may help select the most informative and least time-consuming testing battery. The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine correlations in performance between different field-based tests, in interlimb asymmetry between those unilateral tests, and between asymmetry scores and test performances, and (2) to determine the influence of players' maturity status on test performances and asymmetries...
2024: PloS One
Seyyed-Mohsen Hosseininejad, Mohammad Kazem Emami Meybodi, Mehdi Raei, Alireza Rahimnia
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is common in military setting; such an injury increase institutional costs and workforce strain, however, few studies have investigated the mechanism and associated factors of ACL tear specifically in a military setting. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and mechanisms of ACL tears in military personnel at a military referral hospital in Iran. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined 402 military personnel who presented with knee complaints at a single referral Iranian military hospital...
2024: PloS One
Linda Sandberg, Anne-Marie Boström, Maria Hagströmer, Charlotte Lindgren, Miia Kivipelto, Christina Sandlund, Anna-Karin Welmer
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate that in-hospital exercise can mitigate the risk of functional decline in acutely hospitalized older adults. However, there is a lack of studies that compare different types of exercise interventions. This feasibility study was conducted in preparation for a three-armed randomized controlled trial. The aim was to examine the process feasibility (in terms of recruitment and retention rate, intervention compliance and acceptability), and scientific feasibility (in terms of presence of adverse events, and trends with 95% confidence intervals of the outcome measures) of the trial...
2024: PloS One
Shiqian Xiao, Shan Zhu, Binggang Guan, Jianlan Zhao
BACKGROUND Functional evaluation after therapeutic selective nerve root block (SNRB) has been rarely reported. We explored functional outcomes of SNRB for single-segment lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS Data for 117 patients with single-segment LSS who underwent single therapeutic SNRB were retrospectively collected between January 2019 and December 2021. Functional outcomes were assessed using Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores preoperatively, and 3 days, and 3, 6, and 12 months after SNRB, which were compared in subgroups stratified by age, sex, BMI, sedentary time, hypertension, diabetes, affected side, pathology level, intervertebral disk...
June 21, 2024: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Roberta A Alves, Thaísa A Penna, Michel O Silva, Bruno R R Oliveira, Aldair J Oliveira
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic had major impacts on the physical lives of individuals, especially on home office workers. In this way, the practice of physical activity has been identified as an ally in the reduction and prevention of musculoskeletal pain. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between leisure-time physical activity and musculoskeletal pain in adult workers before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 374 workers of both sexes (age = 46...
June 18, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Monika Figura, Agnieszka Mrozowicz, Łukasz Milanowski, Stanisław Szlufik, Emilia Raćkowska, Hanna Lypkan, Andrzej Friedman, Dariusz Koziorowski, Joanna Giebułtowicz
BACKGROUND: Levodopa is the gold standard of treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD). Its clinical effect changes as the disease progresses. Wearing off is a frequent first manifestation of motor fluctuations. Some patients with advanced PD report faster wearing off after physical exercise. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess if pharmacokinetics of levodopa is influenced by physical exercise in patients with different disease advancement. METHODS: 22 patients with PD (12 untreated with levodopa and 10 with motor fluctuations) and 7 healthy controls (HC) were included...
June 16, 2024: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Yu Kondo, Daisuke Higuchi, Takahiro Miki, Yuta Watanabe, Tsuneo Takebayashi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on physical activity and its effects in patients after cervical spine surgery. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between physical activity and disability in patients after cervical spine surgery while also considering age, sex, pain, and central sensitization (CS)-related symptoms. METHODS: Participants included individuals with a cervical degenerative condition who had undergone surgery...
June 8, 2024: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Huma Ashraf, Muhammad Sarwar, Mazhar Mushtaq, Syed Imran Shah, Rukhshan Khurshid
Age is a known determinant of reproductive health and fertility in both genders. The present work aims to assess the reproductive hormone profile of a middle-aged and elderly man. For this descriptive cross-sectional study, healthy male subjects (n=77) were recruited from the valley. Any individual suffering from any acute or chronic diseases and on drugs was ruled out from the study. Group A consisted of 40 elderly men between 60-70 years of age, and Group B comprised 37 men between 35-46 years of age. Blood samples were taken to estimate the reproductive hormone profile...
April 30, 2024: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Shih-Ying Chien, Alice Mk Wong, Ching-Yi Wu, Sara L Beckman
BACKGROUND: Strokes pose a substantial health burden, impacting 1 in 6 people globally. One-tenth of patients will endure a second, often more severe, stroke within a year. Alarmingly, a younger demographic is being affected due to recent lifestyle changes. As fine motor and cognitive issues arise, patient disability as well as the strain on caregivers and health care resources is exacerbated. Contemporary occupational therapy assesses manual dexterity and cognitive functions through object manipulation and pen-and-paper recordings...
June 21, 2024: JMIR Human Factors
Manal Elkareem, Houda Dguimi, Samia Ahmed, Rayan Khalid, Imad Fadl-Elmula
Given the scarce data on DSD in Sudan, we aimed to characterize DSD's clinical and genetic profile in Sudanese patients. We studied 60 patients with DSD using clinical data, cytogenetics, and PCR for the SRY gene. The results showed that 65% grew up as females and 35% as males. There was a high percentage of consanguineous parents (85%). Female genital mutilation (FGM) was performed in 75% of females. Patients who presented after pubertal age were 63%, with ambiguous genitalia in 61.7%, followed by primary amenorrhea (PA) in 30%...
April 30, 2024: African Journal of Reproductive Health
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