Annette Rademacher, Niklas Joisten, Sebastian Proschinger, Jonas Hebchen, Marit Lea Schlagheck, Wilhelm Bloch, Roman Gonzenbach, Jan Kool, Jens Bansi, Philipp Zimmer
PURPOSE: Cognitive impairment is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Physical exercise represents a promising non-pharmacological therapy option, however, potential predictors for successful cognitive improvements mediated by exercise remain to be elucidated in order to optimize targeted exercise training regimens. One of the most promising exercise training regime in this context is high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Against this backdrop, this study i) analysed the effects of a three-week HIIT compared to moderate continuous exercise on cognitive performance and ii) investigated potential predictors for changes of cognitive performance following a three-week aerobic exercise intervention...
March 18, 2021: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Fatma Ayvat, Levent Özçakar, Ender Ayvat, Sibel Aksu Yıldırım, Muhammed Kılınç
BACKGROUND: Local vibration (LV) is a physiotherapy application that aims to reduce spasticity. The study aimed to compare the effects of 50 Hz vs. 100 Hz LV on mild-moderate spasticity, functional performance and muscle architecture. METHODS: Thirty-three patients were randomly divided into three groups: 50 Hz LV group, 100 Hz LV group and the control group. Physical therapy was applied for one hour a day, three days a week, for a total of eight weeks. LV was applied to the right and left medial gastrocnemius muscles for five minutes...
March 31, 2021: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Mohiul Chowdhury, Fiorella A Heald, Juan C Sanchez-Delgado, Maureen Pakosh, Adriana M Jacome-Hortua, Sherry L Grace
Phase III/IV cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended to promote maintenance of benefits achieved during Phase II; there has been no meta-analysis to test this to date. This study determined the effects of maintenance CR on any outcome, with consideration of sex. Seven databases were searched from inception-January 2020. Randomized controlled trials on the effects of maintenance CR in cardiovascular disease patients who had graduated from CR were included. Level of evidence was evaluated with GRADEPro. 819 citations were identified, with 10 trials (21 papers) included (5238 participants; 859 [16...
April 6, 2021: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Madeline Palermo, Cody Staples, Diana Rancourt
OBJECTIVE: Though exercise behaviors are typically viewed as health-promoting, certain forms of exercise (i.e., excessive exercise, unhealthy muscle-building behaviors) are considered maladaptive and are associated with negative physical and psychological outcomes. Psychosocial factors may put people at greater risk for engaging in maladaptive exercise. Based on deviance regulation theory, weight bias was examined as a potential moderator of the association between exercise identity and both excessive exercise and muscle-building behaviors...
March 29, 2021: Eating Behaviors
Robin M Daly, Jack Dalla Via, Jackson J Fyfe, Riku Nikander, Sonja Kukuljan
Progressive resistance training (PRT) combined with weight-bearing impact exercise are recommended to optimize bone health, but the optimal frequency and dose of training remains uncertain. This study, which is a secondary analysis of an 18-month intervention in men aged 50-79 years, examined the association between exercise frequency and the volume of training with changes in DXA and QCT-derived femoral neck (FN) and lumbar spine (LS) bone outcomes, respectively. Men were allocated to either thrice-weekly PRT plus impact exercise training (n = 87) or a non-exercising (n = 85) group...
April 6, 2021: Bone
Mohamed A El-Emam, Samar El Achy, Dalaal M Abdallah, Hanan S El-Abhar, Mennatallah A Gowayed
AIMS: The fact that physical activity besides central cholinergic enhancement contributes in improving neuronal function and spastic plasticity, recommends the use of the anticholinesterase and cholinergic drug galantamine with/without exercise in the management of the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sedentary and 14 days exercised male Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to EAE. Hereafter, exercised rats continued on rotarod for 30 min for 17 consecutive days...
April 6, 2021: Life Sciences
Julie A Stutzbach, Allison M Gustavson, Danielle L Derlein, Jeri E Forster, Rebecca S Boxer, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley
PURPOSE: This study sought to quantify physical activity and sedentary time among older adults during a skilled nursing facility (SNF) stay and after the transition home, a critical period when patients are at high risk for adverse events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study of physical activity and sedentary behavior during the last 3-5 days before discharge from SNF and the initial 3-5 days at home using accelerometers. Participants answered questions about perceived physical activity in the SNF and at home...
April 9, 2021: Disability and Rehabilitation
Maria Chiara Gallotta, Valerio Bonavolontà, Laura Guidetti, Carlo Baldari, Lorenzo Innocenti, Ludovica Cardinali, Lavinia Falcioni, Selenia di Fronso, Gian Pietro Emerenziani, Giovanna Zimatore, Maurizio Bertollo
The purpose of this study was to validate the Volition in Exercise Questionnaire in Italian language (VEQ-I). The translation and cultural adaptation of the VEQ-I was conducted using the forward-backward translation method. VEQ-I eighteen items correspond to the six-factors structure of the original version. The construct validity was verified by the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) (CFI = 0.960; TLI = 0.943; RMSEA = 0.039; and SRMR = 0.040). The eighteen items were well distributed in six subscales and the six-factors structure of the questionnaire was supported...
2021: PloS One
Orsolya Kiss, Mate Babity, Attila Kovacs, Judit Skopal, Hajnalka Vago, Balint Karoly Lakatos, Csaba Bognar, Reka Rakoczi, Mark Zamodics, Lorinc Frivaldszky, Anna Menyhart-Hetenyi, Zsofia Dohy, Csilla Czimbalmos, Liliana Szabo, Bela Merkely
The significance of cardiology screening of referees is not well established. Cardiovascular risk factors and diseases were examined in asymptomatic Hungarian elite handball referees undergoing extended screening: personal/family history, physical examination, 12-lead ECG, laboratory tests, body-composition analysis, echocardiography, and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Holter-ECG (n = 8), blood pressure monitorization (n = 10), cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR; n = 27) and computer tomography (CCT; n = 4) were also carried out if needed...
2021: PloS One
Vladimir K Lyadov, Konstantin V Lyadov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2021: Pancreas
Hao Luo, Daniel A Galvão, Robert U Newton, Pedro Lopez, Colin Tang, Ciaran M Fairman, Nigel Spry, Dennis R Taaffe
The aim of this study was to examine the health-related effects of exercise in patients with pancreatic cancer (PanCa) through a systematic review of current evidence. Studies were obtained through searching PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL Plus, and Cochrane Library databases with additional hand searches. All intervention-based studies were included if it involved (1) adult patients with PanCa, (2) exercise training, and (3) findings in quality of life, cancer-related fatigue, psychological distress, and physical function...
March 1, 2021: Pancreas
Liang Zhou, Qijiu Chen, Jianyong Zhang
Background: Fatigue is a frequent debilitating symptom among patients with lung cancer. The effect of exercise on fatigue remains to be quantified. Objective: This review aimed to examine the effect of exercise on fatigue by synthesizing findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: This systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A systematic search was conducted in five electronic databases from inception to March 2020...
April 9, 2021: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Okan Avcı, Yakup İriağaç, Eyyüp Çavdar, Erdoğan Selçuk Şeber
PURPOSE: Medical oncology physicians have been identified as one of the main risk groups for the development of burnout. Mindfulness as being aware of the moment nonjudgmentally seems to be a protective factor against burnout. We aimed to reveal mindfulness levels among medical oncology doctors and the potential impact of mindfulness on burnout syndrome. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the data of 285 medical oncology doctors were analyzed. The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale was used for mindfulness evaluation, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory was used for burnout assessment...
April 9, 2021: JCO oncology practice
Casey K Gardiner, Angela D Bryan
OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of three behavioural interventions (daily monetary incentives + self-monitoring, delayed lump sum monetary incentives + self-monitoring, and self-monitoring only) on psychological constructs and fruit and vegetable consumption or physical activity behaviour change among a sample of adults with overweight or obesity. DESIGN: A pair of 3-arm longitudinal randomized controlled trials compared daily monetary incentives + self-monitoring, delayed lump sum monetary incentives + self-monitoring, and self-monitoring only interventions for either fruit and vegetable consumption or physical activity...
April 9, 2021: British Journal of Health Psychology
Sabrina Ravaglia, Lorenzo Maggi, Antonio Zito, Sebastiano Arceri, Pietro Gallotti, Concetta Altamura, Jean Francois Desaphy, Pia Bernasconi, Enrico Alfonsi
INTRODUCTION/AIMS: Paramyotonia congenita (PMC) is a skeletal muscle sodium channelopathy characterized by paradoxical myotonia, cold sensitivity, exercise/cold induced paralysis. Treatment with sodium channel-blocking anti-arrhythmics may expose the patients to a risk of arrhythmia or may be poorly tolerated or ineffective. We explored the effectiveness of non-anti-arrhythmic sodium channel blockers in two patients with PMC. METHODS: Previous treatment with mexiletine was discontinued for gastrointestinal side effects in one patient and lack of clinical benefit in the other...
April 9, 2021: Muscle & Nerve
Utkarsh Kohli, Hemal M Nayak, Angela G Romme, Hoang H Nguyen
AIMS: Exercise-induced repolarization changes have not been systematically evaluated in children and young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). We carried out this study to assess the QTc responses during exercise in children and young adults (≤ 21 years) with CHD with comparison to those with structurally normal hearts. METHODS: Baseline QRS duration, calculated baseline QTc, QTc at 4 minutes of recovery and delta QTc was measured in 360 exercise stress tests which were performed in 360 subjects (137 stress tests in patients with CHD [CHD group] and 223 stress tests in patients with structurally normal hearts)...
April 9, 2021: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Ali A Al-Mubarak, Peter van der Meer, Nils Bomer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: (Mal-)nutrition of micronutrients, like selenium, has great impact on the human heart and improper micronutrient intake was observed in 30-50% of patients with heart failure. Low selenium levels have been reported in Europe and Asia and thought to be causal for Keshan disease. Selenium is an essential micronutrient that is needed for enzymatic activity of the 25 so-called selenoproteins, which have a broad range of activities. In this review, we aim to summarize the current evidence about selenium in heart failure and to provide insights about the potential mechanisms that can be modulated by selenoproteins...
April 9, 2021: Current Heart Failure Reports
David Michael Langelier, Colleen Jackson, William Bridel, Christopher Grant, S Nicole Culos-Reed
PURPOSE: Prostate cancer can result in a shift in the way men perceive their masculinity. Despite the interest in exercise as a treatment strategy to address masculinity concerns, there is insufficient information about how perceptions may differ in active and inactive men. The aim of this study was to explore how exercise might influence self-perceptions of masculinity in men across the exercise continuum (from active to inactive) and in men receiving different forms of treatment for their prostate cancer, including androgen deprivation therapy...
April 9, 2021: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Sonu S Varghese, Cameron R Eekhoudt, Davinder S Jassal
While anthracyclines (ACs) are a class of chemotherapeutic agents that have improved the prognosis of many women with breast cancer, it is one of the most cardiotoxic agents used to treat cancer. Despite their reported dose-dependent cardiotoxicity, AC-based chemotherapy has become the mainstay of breast cancer therapy due to its efficacy. Elucidating the mechanisms of anthracycline-mediated cardiotoxicity and associated therapeutic interventions continue to be the main focus in the field of cardio-oncology...
April 9, 2021: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Judith K Ockene, Lori Pbert, Sybil Crawford, Christine F Frisard, Jyothi A Pendharkar, Rajani S Sadasivam, Jamie Faro, Cathy Okuliar, Cassie Eno, Katherine Margo, Monica Ann Shaw, Taraneh Soleymani, Diane D Stadler, Sarita Warrier, Katie White, Alan C Geller
BACKGROUND: Given the rising rates of obesity there is a pressing need for medical schools to better prepare students for intervening with patients who have overweight or obesity and for prevention efforts. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a multi-modal weight management curriculum on counseling skills for health behavior change. DESIGN: A pair-matched, group-randomized controlled trial (2015-2020) included students enrolled in eight U.S...
April 9, 2021: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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