Jeffrey R Petrella, Andrew M Michael, Min Qian, Adaora Nwosu, Joel Sneed, Terry E Goldberg, Davangere P Devanand, P Murali Doraiswamy
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a high risk group for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Computerized Cognitive Games Training (CCT) is an investigational strategy to improve targeted functions in MCI through the modulation of cognitive networks. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine the effect of CCT versus a non-targeted active brain exercise on functional cognitive networks. METHODS: 107 patients with MCI were randomized to CCT or web-based crossword puzzles...
November 25, 2022: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Nicolas Larinier, Nicolas Vuillerme, Alexandre Jadaud, Solène Malherbe, Romain Balaguier
BACKGROUND: Physical activity programs at the workplace have shown positive results on physical capacities and pain for several years. Due to the duration of the training session or the need for an instructor, these supervised programs are rather difficult to implement. For this reason, numerous companies, especially companies in manual sectors, are turning to another solution, i.e. warm-up intervention before the work shift. These interventions present various advantages such as short duration and the possibility to perform exercises in working clothes...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Tuğba Arslan, Muhammet Zeki Gültekin
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the musculoskeletal system pathologies frequently encountered especially in women. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to compare the efficacy of an online exercise program with a home exercise program including the same exercises, and a control group planned for females with PFPS. METHODS: The study included 60 females with PFPS aged 33.17 ± 6.84. Participants were randomly divided into 3 groups...
November 17, 2022: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Jane Andreasen, Angela Fearon, Dylan Morissey, Laura H Hjørnholm, Jens Kristinsson, Jens Erik Jorgensen, Carsten M Mølgaard
BACKGROUND: Women experiencing greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) report high levels of pain and reduced quality of life. Exploring how they manage GTPS in a daily life context can provide important knowledge about individual coping strategies. Education, extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and exercise have good group level evidence for efficacy in clinical trials and are increasingly used in routine care for patients with GTPS. Exploring women's experiences of such treatment may help understand the mechanisms underpinning these positive results and inform treatment strategies...
2022: PloS One
Solomon Ketema Bogale, Niguss Cherie, Eyob Ketema Bogale
BACKGROUND: Father Involvement is exercising positive influences on child feeding. Mothers are usually the primary caregivers for young children. The role of fathers in the proper child feeding of young children has not been a frequent topic of study. Past research has found low rates and little is known about fathers' involvement in child feeding for children 6-23 months in Ethiopia. The aim of this study is to assess fathers' involvement in child feeding children aged 6-24 Months. OBJECTIVES: To assess fathers' involvement in child feeding and associated factors among fathers having children aged 6 to 24 months...
2022: PloS One
Gwendolyn J McGinnis, Sarah Holden, Betty Yu, Charlton Ransom, Carolyn Guidarelli, Brian De, Kevin Diao, David Boyce, Charles R Thomas, Kerri Winters-Stone, Jacob Raber
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Cancer treatment survivors often report impaired functioning and increased falls. Not all survivors experience the same symptom burden, suggesting individual susceptibilities. APOE genotype is a potential genetic risk factor for cancer treatment related side effects. Lifestyle factors such as physical activity can mitigate the effect of APOE genotype on measures of clinical interest in individuals without a history of cancer. We tested the hypothesis that APOE genotype influences cancer treatment related side effects and symptoms as well as response to exercise intervention...
November 17, 2022: Oncotarget
Adrian Jorda, Juan Campos-Campos, Constanza Aldasoro, Carlos Colmena, Martin Aldasoro, Kenia Alvarez, Soraya L Valles
It is known that exercise can be one of the causes of muscular damage. In recent times, physiotherapists and medical professionals have been employing USGET techniques to stimulate muscle recovery to improve its performance after the injury. We pretend to analyse if the Ultrasound-guided electrolysis (USGET) technique could reduce muscle damage, inflammation, and pain in the present study. Female Wistar rats were assigned to one of three different groups: control (C), notexin (NOT) and notexin with USGET (electrolysis at 6mA) (NOT+USGET)...
2022: PloS One
Aurélie Baillot, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Stéphanie A Prince, Ahmed Jérôme Romain, Rachel C Colley, Justin J Lang
BACKGROUND: Data on meeting the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for adults (24-H Guidelines) and associations with health indicators by body mass index (BMI) class are needed to support public health surveillance. The aim of this study was to describe the proportion of Canadian adults meeting individual and various combinations of the 24-H Guidelines by BMI class and their association with health indicators. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the cross-sectional Canadian Health Measures Survey cycles 1 to 4 (2007 to 2015, n = 10,515 adults aged 18 to 79 years) were used...
November 16, 2022: Health Reports
Yuki Kawai, Kayo Waki, Satoko Yamaguchi, Tomomi Shibuta, Kana Miyake, Shigeko Kimura, Tsuguyoshi Toyooka, Ryo Nakajima, Kazushi Uneda, Hiromichi Wakui, Kouichi Tamura, Masaomi Nangaku, Kazuhiko Ohe
BACKGROUND: Making lifestyle changes is an essential element of abdominal obesity (AO) reduction. To support lifestyle modification and self-management, we developed an information and communication technology-based self-management system-DialBeticsLite-with a fully automated dietary evaluation function for the treatment of AO. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and feasibility of DialBeticsLite among Japanese office workers with AO...
November 28, 2022: JMIR Diabetes
Eeva Aartolahti, Maarit Janhunen, Niina Katajapuu, Juha Paloneva, Konsta Pamilo, Airi Oksanen, Hannes Keemu, Mikko Karvonen, Mika Luimula, Raija Korpelainen, Timo Jämsä, Keijo Mäkelä, Ari Heinonen
BACKGROUND: Exergames can provide encouraging exercise options. Currently, there is limited evidence regarding home-based exergaming in the postoperative phase of total knee replacement (TKR). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a 4-month postoperative home-based exergame intervention with an 8-month follow-up on physical function and symptoms among older persons undergoing TKR compared with home exercise using a standard protocol. In addition, a concurrent embedded design of a mixed methods study was used by including a qualitative component within a quantitative study of exergame effects...
November 28, 2022: JMIR Research Protocols
Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Rafael Cabeza, Fernando Idoate, Maddi Osés, María Medrano, Arantxa Villanueva, Lide Arenaza, Aritz Sanz, Francisco B Ortega, Jonatan R Ruiz, Idoia Labayen
IMPORTANCE: Excess abdominal fat is a major determinant in the development of insulin resistance and other metabolic disorders. Increased visceral adipose tissue (VAT) seems to precede the development of insulin resistance and is therefore a prime target of childhood lifestyle interventions aimed at preventing diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of added exercise to a family-based lifestyle intervention program designed to reduce VAT plus subcutaneous (ASAT), intermuscular (IMAAT), and pancreatic (PAT) adipose tissue in children with overweight or obesity and to explore the effect of changes in VAT on insulin resistance...
November 1, 2022: JAMA Network Open
Chris Chow Li Tee, Matthew B Cooke, Mee Chee Chong, Wee Kian Yeo, Donny M Camera
Obesity is a major global health issue and a primary risk factor for metabolic-related disorders. While physical inactivity is one of the main contributors to obesity, it is a modifiable risk factor with exercise training as an established non-pharmacological treatment to prevent the onset of metabolic-related disorders, including obesity. Exposure to hypoxia via normobaric hypoxia (simulated altitude via reduced inspired oxygen fraction), termed hypoxic conditioning, in combination with exercise has been increasingly shown in the last decade to enhance blood glucose regulation and decrease the body mass index, providing a feasible strategy to treat obesity...
November 28, 2022: Sports Medicine
Nasser Sakran, Kim Soifer, Keren Hod, Shiri Sherf-Dagan, Sharon Soued, Yafit Kessler, Dana Adelson, Reut Biton, J N Buchwald, David Goitein, Asnat Raziel
BACKGROUND: Long-term laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) outcomes in patients with obesity are scarce. We aimed to examine the outcomes and subjective experience of patients who underwent primary LSG with long-term follow-up. METHODS: The study is a retrospective observational analysis of patients who underwent primary LSG in a single center with 5-15 years of follow-up. Patients' hospital chart data supplemented by a detailed follow-up online questionnaire and telephone interview were evaluated...
November 28, 2022: Obesity Surgery
Muhammad Furqan, Sanchit Chawla, Muhammad Majid, Samia Mazumdar, Gauranga Mahalwar, Evan Harmon, Allan Klein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review myocarditis and pericarditis developing after COVID-19 vaccinations and identify the management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are safe and effective. Systemic side effects of the vaccines are usually mild and transient. The incidence of acute myocarditis/pericarditis following COVID-19 vaccination is extremely low and ranges 2-20 per 100,000. The absolute number of myocarditis events is 1-10 per million after COVID-19 vaccination as compared to 40 per million after a COVID-19 infection...
November 28, 2022: Current Cardiology Reports
F Will Pohlman, Daniel J Minter, Hayley E Cunningham, Katherine DiNardo, Oluwatoyosi A Onwuemene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2022: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Tina E Brinkley, Fang-Chi Hsu, Benita M Bowman, Theresa Addison, Dalane W Kitzman, Denise K Houston
PURPOSE: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs are integral in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD). However, most programs do not incorporate structured, evidence-based obesity treatment, potentially limiting efficacy for the large number of CHD patients with overweight/obesity. This pilot study determined the feasibility of adding a behavioral weight loss intervention during standard CR. METHODS: Adults aged ≥40 yr with CHD and overweight/obesity were randomized to 6 mo of CR alone or CR plus a behavioral weight loss program incorporating meal replacements and individual dietary counseling (CR + WL)...
November 25, 2022: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Isabelle Linares, Jeanne Langan, Wenyao Xu, Heamchand Subryan, Lora Anne Cavuoto
Community-dwelling individuals with chronic stroke used a novel, portable rehabilitation system, mRehab, that uses a smartphone app coupled with 3D printed objects resembling daily use items. The objectives of this study include evaluating participant's approach and nature of engagement with mRehab and identifying factors that influenced the users' engagement with mRehab. An explanatory mixed method approach was used. In the first phase, sixteen participants used mRehab at home for six weeks; six participants were recruited from the first phase for in-depth interviews...
November 28, 2022: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Musfirah Abd Aziz, Nur Azah Hamzaid, Nazirah Hasnan
Execution of Sit-to-Stand (SitTS) in incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) patients involves motor function in both upper and lower extremities. The use of arm support, in particular, is a significant assistive factor while executing SitTS movement in SCI population. In addition, the application of functional electrical stimulation (FES) onto quadriceps and gluteus maximus muscles is one of the prescribed management for incomplete SCI to improve muscle action for simple lower limb movements. However, the relative contribution of upper and lower extremities during SitTS has not been thoroughly investigated...
November 11, 2022: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
L B Zavaliy, S S Petrikov, N A Shamalov, G R Ramazanov, M V Sinkin, E G Seliverstova, E D Askerov
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the diagnosis, treatment and rehabiltation of patients with marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve (MMB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have collected 6 patients (mean age 40 [33.8; 44] years) with isolated lesion of MMB that innervates the depressor labii inferioris and chin muscle. The illness duration without any improvement was 35 [13; 44] days. Diagnosis and treatment were carried out according to the special algorithm developed and implemented at the N...
2022: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
D O Shabalina, A R Zulkaidarova, M A Khramchenko, S A Subocheva, M V Abros'kina, S V Prokopenko
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of remote rehabilitation for non-exacerbating patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 17 patients, including 12 (70.6%) women and 5 (29.4%) men, with the established diagnosis of MS according to the 2017 McDonald criteria were enrolled in the study. The age varied from 26 to 70 years, the median age was 47 [34; 53] years. Patients with mild or moderate atactic disorders, mildly or moderately manifested central paresis with gait function and fine motor skills impairment were included in the group, median EDSS in which was 4 [3; 5...
2022: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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