Farina Alshut, Monica Venner, Gunilla Martinsson, Ingrid Vervuert
BACKGROUND: Electrolyte supplementation may be a risk factor for gastric mucosal lesions, but relevant evidence is limited in horses. HYPOTHESIS: Investigate the effects of PO sodium chloride (NaCl) supplementation on the gastric mucosa of exercising horses. We hypothesized that NaCl supplementation would neither cause nor exacerbate existing gastric mucosal damage. ANIMALS: Fifteen 3-year-old healthy Warmblood stallions from a stud farm. METHODS: Placebo-controlled study with a crossover design...
September 30, 2023: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
C Pye, N Clark, N Bruniges, M Peffers, E Comerford
Osteoarthritis is a progressive degenerative disease process that affects a significant proportion of the canine population, impacting these animals' quality of life. Currently, there is no cure and treatment consists of managing the clinical signs of pain and reduced mobility. There are many treatments for canine osteoarthritis and in this review we discuss the evidence base behind non-pharmaceutical, non-surgical treatments of this disease. These treatments include weight management, nutraceuticals, acupuncture, physiotherapies such as therapeutic exercise, hydrotherapy as well as other therapeutic modalities including photobiomodulation therapy, electromagnetic field therapy and others...
September 29, 2023: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Gul Kahveci, Emrah Caylak, Donay Nisa Kara
The estimated prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is 1% worldwide. Autistic individuals typically have a high level of sensitivity to the various environmental stimuli (smell, noise, light). These stimuli have a positive or negative influence on the person-environment interaction, and an excess of stimuli may create inappropriate or unanticipated behavioral responses (such as a crisis) effecting their well-being. The Model of Competence, which provides an explanation of the interaction between the individual and the environment, was selected as the conceptual framework to direct this study...
September 29, 2023: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Arabella K Raupach, Daniel Faraj, Kristie-Lee Anning, Helen Willcock, Charlotte Hespe
AIM: International child sponsorship programmes comprise a considerable proportion of global aid accessible to the general population. Team Philippines (TP), a health care and welfare initiative run in association with the University of Notre Dame Sydney since 2013, leads a holistic sponsorship programme for 30 children from Calauan, Philippines. To date, empirical research has not been performed into the overall success and impact of the TP child sponsorship programme. As such, this study aims to evaluate its effectiveness in improving paediatric outcomes...
September 29, 2023: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Maciej Śliż, Wojciech Paśko, Bartosz Dziadek, Łukasz Godek, Katarzyna Bliźniak, Élvio Rúbio Gouveia, Krzysztof Przednowek
BACKGROUND: One of the most popular varieties of rugby is Rugby Union, in which a team consists of 15 players. Rugby Union is a full-contact sport, and players must demonstrate strength, endurance, speed and agility. During the match, players participate in multiple physical collisions and tackles, short-duration and high-intensity sprinting efforts. In addition, one of the elements affecting the effectiveness of the player's game can be the reaction time of the rugby player to the visual stimulus and the ability to read the game and react to the situations on the pitch...
September 29, 2023: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Steven J Keteyian, Ileana L Piña
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2023: Heart Failure Reviews
Gergő Szűcs, Márton Pipicz, Márton Richárd Szabó, Tamás Csont, László Török, Csaba Csonka
There is a growing body of evidence showing the importance of physical activity against civilization-induced metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and obesity. Eccentric contraction, when skeletal muscles generate force by lengthening, is a unique type of skeletal muscle activity. Eccentric contraction may lead to better power production characteristics of the muscle because eccentric contraction requires less energy and can result in higher tension. Therefore, it is an ideal tool in the rehabilitation program of patients...
September 29, 2023: Sports Medicine—Open
Ashish Kumar Sharma, Shivam Singh, Mehvish Bhat, Kartik Gill, Mohammad Zaid, Sachin Kumar, Anjali Shakya, Junaid Tantray, Divyamol Jose, Rashmi Gupta, Tsering Yangzom, Rajesh Kumar Sharma, Sanjay Kumar Sahu, Gulshan Rathore, Priyanka Chandolia, Mithilesh Singh, Anurag Mishra, Shobhit Raj, Archita Gupta, Mohit Agarwal, Sumaiya Kifayat, Anamika Gupta, Prashant Gupta, Ankit Vashist, Parth Vaibhav, Nancy Kathuria, Vipin Yadav, Ravindra Pal Singh, Arun Garg
Cardiac rhythm regulated by micro-macroscopic structures of heart. Pacemaker abnormalities or disruptions in electrical conduction, lead to arrhythmic disorders may be benign, typical, threatening, ultimately fatal, occurs in clinical practice, patients on digitalis, anaesthesia or acute myocardial infarction. Both traditional and genetic animal models are: In-vitro: Isolated ventricular Myocytes, Guinea pig papillary muscles, Patch-Clamp Experiments, Porcine Atrial Myocytes, Guinea pig ventricular myocytes, Guinea pig papillary muscle: action potential and refractory period, Langendorff technique, Arrhythmia by acetylcholine or potassium...
September 29, 2023: Scientific Reports
Amy Li, Gerald J Shami, Lisa Griffiths, Sean Lal, Helen Irving, Filip Braet
Giant mitochondria are frequently observed in different disease models within the brain, kidney, and liver. In cardiac muscle, these enlarged organelles are present across diverse physiological and pathophysiological conditions including in ageing and exercise, and clinically in alcohol-induced heart disease and various cardiomyopathies. This mitochondrial aberration is widely considered an early structural hallmark of disease leading to adverse organ function. In this thematic paper, we discuss the current state-of-knowledge on the presence, structure and functional implications of giant mitochondria in heart muscle...
September 29, 2023: Basic Research in Cardiology
Melker S Johansson, Anton Pottegård, Jens Søndergaard, Martin Englund, Dorte T Grønne, Søren T Skou, Ewa M Roos, Jonas B Thorlund
The aim of this study was to investigate utilisation patterns of prescribed analgesics before, during, and after an exercise therapy and patient education program among patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. This cohort study is based on data from the nationwide Good Life with osteoarthritis in Denmark (GLA:D® ) patient-register linked with national health registries including data on prescribed analgesics. GLA:D® consists of 8-12 weeks of exercise and patient education. We included 35,549 knee/hip osteoarthritis patients starting the intervention between January 2013 and November 2018...
September 29, 2023: Rheumatology International
Desmond C Buhagar
This paper introduces the Attachment Mapping Protocol (AMP), which is an assessment and treatment tool for use in individual psychotherapy, systemic family therapy and multifaith spiritual care, using a bio-psycho-social-spiritual model of care. Attachment theory has a long and significant history in psychology, with an evolving relationship within the above clinical domains. A central aim of this paper will be to recognize and affirm the extension of attachment theory beyond the traditional parameters of nascent parental, guardianship bonds and individual, developmental psychology, to reveal a much broader spectrum of valid attachment considerations for mental health and spiritual well-being...
September 29, 2023: Journal of Religion and Health
Enrico Tam, Mauro Nardon, Matteo Bertucco, Carlo Capelli
PURPOSE: When exercising above the lactic threshold (LT), the slow component of oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) appears, mainly ascribed to the progressive recruitment of Type II fibers. However, also the progressive decay of the economy of contraction may contribute to it. We investigated oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) during isometric contractions clamping torque (T) or muscular activation to quantify the contributions of the two mechanisms. METHODS: We assessed for 7 min T of the leg extensors, net oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) and root mean square (RMS) from vastus lateralis (VL) in 11 volunteers (21 ± 2 yy; 1...
September 29, 2023: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Si Xu Liu, Sheng Qin Yu, Kai Jing Yang, Ji Yi Liu, Fan Yang, Ye Li, Chang Li Yao, Guang Sheng Zhao, Feng Zhi Sun
To establish a pre-test probability model of coronary heart disease (CHD) combined with cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) indexes and to compare the clinical effectiveness with Duke clinical score (DCS) and updated Diamond-Forrester model (UDFM), thus further explore the predictive value. 342 cases were used to establish the prediction model equation and another 80 cases were used to verify the effectiveness. The patients were divided into CHD group (n = 157) and non-CHD group (n = 185) according to coronary artery stenosis degree >50% or not...
September 29, 2023: Scientific Reports
Luca Cavaggioni, Luisa Gilardini, Marina Croci, Damiano Formenti, Giampiero Merati, Simona Bertoli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The association between physical activity and diet has a valuable impact in weight status management to counteract obesity. In this context, within different training strategies (i.e., endurance, resistance training, concurrent training, agility training) the Integrative Neuromuscular Training (INT) represents a structured training mode focused on global human movement pattern development with the aim to enhance motor control, mobility and stability. In this narrative review we aimed to discuss the feasibility of INT interventions on physical fitness and body composition outcomes in individuals with obesity...
September 30, 2023: International Journal of Obesity
Yijian Ding, Xi Xu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the dose-response relationship between leisure-time physical activity and biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in overweight/obese populations and provide exercise recommendations to regulate inflammation and oxidative stress and reduce the risk of developing obesity-related diseases. DESIGN: Second analysis of a cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total number of 4978 overweight/obese adults were included from the 2015-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
September 19, 2023: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Camille S L Galloway, Deana Simonetto, Robert Shave, Ryan Wilson, Laura L Struik, Colin Wallace, John R Vyselaar, Jordan Webber, Kathy L Rush
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates that chronic high-intensity endurance exercise predisposes male, middle-aged athletes to increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). The aetiology of AF in endurance athletes is multifactorial and remains incompletely understood. Despite their unique training demands, AF care in athletes remains largely based on evidence derived from the general population. Understanding the experiences of athletes with AF provides a necessary foundation for addressing challenges in managing their condition and identifying gaps in care...
September 27, 2023: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Loubna Belaid, Ivàn Sarmiento, Anna Dion, Juan Pablo Pimentel, Andrés Rojas-Cárdenas, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
INTRODUCTION: Participatory research science deals with partnerships underlying research, governance and ownership of research products. It is concerned with relationships behind research objectives and methods. Participatory research has gained significant traction in design of health interventions, contextualising these to local settings and stakeholder groups. Despite a massive increase in participatory research exercises, the field remains undertheorised, and the mechanisms for improving health outcomes remain unclear...
September 29, 2023: BMJ Open
Matteo Ponzano, Lora Giangregorio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2023: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2023: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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