Wendy Sullivan-Kwantes, Peter Tikuisis
A field study was conducted to examine the vulnerability of military divers to non-freezing cold injury (NFCI) during Arctic ice-diving operations. Participants were instrumented with temperature sensors on the back of their hands and on the bottom of their big toe for each dive to measure cooling of their extremities. While NFCI was not diagnosed in any of the participants during this field study, the data indicate that the feet were particularly vulnerable during the dives given that they were mostly in a temperature zone that could cause pain and performance decrements...
December 2023: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Mordechai Muszkat, Moshe Simons, Shaul Yaari, Shmuel Reis
Competence-based medical education (CBME) re-shaped medical education in North America and in Europe and is making its first steps in Israel in recent years. This article reviews the literature regarding the Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX), a tool for the evaluation of clinical competencies in CBME. The mini-CEX has been adopted by the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) and the European Federation of Internal Medicine (EFIM) and is cited in leading documents of these organizations on medical education...
March 2023: Harefuah
Amit Elbaz Braun, Ido Solt, Naama Constantini
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) decreases morbidity, improves quality of life and elongates life span. PA during pregnancy is safe and decreases complications. Physical inactivity during pregnancy is an independent risk factor for maternal weight gain and complications. Pregnancy is a golden opportunity to promote a healthy lifestyle. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to review the latest recommendations regarding PA in pregnancy. In this article we focused on the following: The joint guidelines of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada's (SOGC) and the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) committee opinion, and the ACSM's (American College of Sports Medicine) Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, the 11th Edition published in 2019, 2020 and 2022 respectively...
March 2023: Harefuah
Shasha Liu, Shuai Fan, Guiping Li, Bin Cai, Yuan Yao, Lei Jin, Yuxin Zhang, Xinjun Zhang, Lili Xu
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus regarding the best treatment option, including physical exercise, available for temporomandibular degenerative joint disease (DJD) that affect the older patients. Herein, we aimed to study and compare the efficacy of a combined approach using injection and home physical exercise with physical therapy alone as well as explored an optimal treatment strategy for older patients with DJD. METHODS: We included 213 older patients with DJD treated at our medical centre from June 2020 to June 2021, 64 of whom were selected for analysis...
March 25, 2023: BMC Oral Health
Ludovica Palladino, Ilaria Ruotolo, Anna Berardi, Alessandra Carlizza, Giovanni Galeoto
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a pathological condition that provokes the loss of one or more body functions due to an injury to the spinal cord as a result of trauma or disease. Hydrotherapy plays a key role in the rehabilitation of neurological patients due to the properties of water environments. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of hydrotherapy in patients who suffer from SCIs. METHODS: We searched 5 different databases: CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and PEDro for studies to include...
March 25, 2023: Spinal Cord
David N Borg, Adrian G Barnett, Aaron R Caldwell, Nicole M White, Ian B Stewart
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the bias for statistical significance using published confidence intervals in sport and exercise medicine research. DESIGN: Observational study. METHODS: The abstracts of 48,390 articles, published in 18 sports and exercise medicine journals between 2002 and 2022, were searched using a validated text-mining algorithm that identified and extracted ratio confidence intervals (odds, hazard, and risk ratios). The algorithm identified 1744 abstracts that included ratio confidence intervals, from which 4484 intervals were extracted...
March 7, 2023: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Valentin Femenia, Victor Pommier, Helena Huguet, Xavier Iriart, Marie-Christine Picot, Charlene Bredy, Laura Lorca, Gregoire De La Villeon, Sophie Guillaumont, Jean-Luc Pasquie, Stefan Matecki, François Roubertie, Bertrand Leobon, Jean-Benoît Thambo, Zakaria Jalal, Julie Thomas, Jean-Baptiste Mouton, Martina Avesani, Pascal Amedro
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of patients with a functional single ventricle has improved, with better cardiopulmonary fitness, health-related quality of life and survival. Conventional echocardiography remains the first-line technique in single ventricle follow-up. Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography has shown recent value in congenital cardiology, but its ability to predict functional status in patients with a single ventricle remains unknown. AIM: To evaluate, in patients with a single ventricle, the association between 3D echocardiography variables and functional status determined by cardiopulmonary fitness...
March 9, 2023: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Christopher R J Fennell, Alexis Mauger, James G Hopker
INTRODUCTION: In-vivo techniques using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) have been developed to assess skeletal muscle mitochondrial oxidative capacity. However, the test-retest and day-to-day reliability of NIRS-derived mitochondrial oxidative capacity has yet to be established in older individuals. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to determine the day-to-day and test-retest reliability of NIRS-derived mitochondrial oxidative capacity in older adults. The secondary aim was to examine the relationship between NIRS-derived mitochondrial capacity and whole-body aerobic fitness...
March 23, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Yufan Wang, Alexandra L McCarthy, Sandra C Hayes, Louisa G Gordon, Vivian Chiu, Tom G Bailey, Elizabeth Stewart, Haitham Tuffaha
While there is good evidence that exercise is an effective adjunct therapy to cancer care, little is known about its value for money. The aim of this systematic review is to explore the available evidence pertaining to the cost-effectiveness of exercise interventions following cancer. A search of eight online databases (CINAHL, the Cochrane Library (NHSEED), Econlit, Embase, PsycInfo, PubMed, Scopus, Web of science) was first conducted on 26 March 2021 and updated on 8 March 2022. Only economic evaluations with results in the form of incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) were included...
March 23, 2023: Preventive Medicine
Ann M Essay, Michaela A Schenkelberg, Mary J Von Seggern, Marisa S Rosen, Chelsey R Schlechter, Richard R Rosenkranz, David A Dzewaltowski
BACKGROUND: Communities are wellness landscapes of geospatially and temporally bound settings where children spend their time. Improving population physical activity (PA) requires investigating available community settings for children, such as classrooms and sport teams, and the dynamic social interactions producing PA. This protocol describes a multiscale community wellness landscape monitoring and feedback system of adult-led organized group settings and PA outcomes for children. METHODS: The data system assessed organized groups for third- through sixth-grade children in 2 rural communities within seasons (fall 2018-2019)...
March 25, 2023: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Andrea Eaton, Geoff D C Ball, Yeongho Hwang, Valerie Carson, Rebecca Gokiert, Liz Dennett, Hasu Rajani, Mona Zhang, Michele P Dyson
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this systematic review were to synthesize qualitative evidence on the impacts of COVID-19 restrictions on physical activity (PA) for children and youth, and explore factors perceived to influence those impacts. METHODS: Five databases (MEDLINE, Embase, SPORTDiscus, ERIC, and CINAHL) were searched initially in June 2021 and updated in December 2021 to locate qualitative articles considering COVID-19 restrictions and PA for children and youth (≤18 y old), in any setting...
March 25, 2023: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Bastien Krumm, Frédéric Luisier, Arnaud Rapillard, Raphael Faiss
PURPOSE: To optimize the recovery phase between heats in ski-mountaineering sprint competitions, this study investigated whether an active recovery protocol on an ergocycle could improve subsequent performance compared with a self-selected recovery strategy. METHODS: Thirteen elite ski mountaineers (9 men and 4 women) performed 3 sprints with 2 different recovery conditions (Ergo vs Free) in a randomized order. The Ergo condition involved a 10-minute constant-intensity exercise on an ergocycle performed at 70% of maximum heart rate...
March 25, 2023: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Daniel G Ellis, John Speakman, Catherine Hambly, James P Morton, Graeme L Close, Tim F Donovan
PURPOSE: An understanding of an athlete's total daily energy expenditure (TEE) is necessary to inform nutritional strategies, particularly where daily training and competitive demands are highly variable. This observational case series assessed the TEE of elite tennis players during high-level competition. METHODS: Senior female singles participants (FS: n = 3; 21 [1] y; ranked  Women's Tennis Association [WTA] top 125-375), an FS junior (n = 1; 16 y; ranked WTA top 350), and a men's doubles player (n = 1; 26 y; ranked Association of Tennis Professionals [ATP] top 5) were assessed for TEE (using the doubly labeled water method) during a 9- to 14-day period, which included training, Wimbledon Championships, WTA/ATP International Tournaments, Junior/Senior International Tennis Federation, and Wimbledon Junior Championships...
March 25, 2023: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Jesús J Ruiz-Navarro, Abel Plaza-Florido, Juan M A Alcantara, Ana Gay, Raúl Arellano
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a 5-week training cessation on the cardiac autonomic response after a 50-m swimming time-trial test. METHODS: Twenty trained and highly trained adolescent swimmers (17.1 [2.7] y) performed a 50-m front-crawl all-out test before (visit 1) and after a 5-week training cessation (visit 2). After the warm-up, heart-rate variability (HRV) was recorded in a seated position using a Polar RS800CX heart-rate monitor during the 10 minutes before (preexercise) and immediately after the 50-m front-crawl all-out test (postexercise)...
March 25, 2023: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Cameron Armstrong, Machar Reid, Callum Beale, Olivier Girard
PURPOSE: To quantify match load associated with padel and compare responses with both singles and doubles tennis. METHODS: On separate days, 12 participants (7 men and 5 women) played 60-minute padel (PADEL), singles tennis (SINGLES), and doubles tennis (DOUBLES) simulated games. Participants wore a 10-Hz GPS/100-Hz triaxial accelerometer unit and heart-rate monitor. Exercise-related sensations and blood lactate concentration were monitored every 20 minutes...
March 25, 2023: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Lubo Zhai, Min Xu
UNLABELLED: A growing body of literature has demonstrated the preventive role of physical activity in depression, and relevant research is rapidly on the rise. The aim of this study was to conduct a bibliometric analysis of the 50 most-cited review papers on physical activity and depression, thus identifying important research topics and future research directions. METHODS: The 50 most-cited review articles were identified and extracted from the Web of Science Core Collection database (on 31st October 2022), and a bibliometric citation analysis was performed using the Microsoft Excel and VOSviewer software (Version 1...
March 7, 2023: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Mariana Carregã, Patrícia Sousa, Gustavo Rocha, Manuel Ferreira-Magalhães, Inês Azevedo
BACKGROUND: There is lack of evidence synthesis on the global consequences of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in adolescence. AIM: Assess the impact of bronchopulmonary dysplasia on respiratory and non-respiratory outcomes in adolescents. METHODS: A systematic review of studies assessing the outcomes of adolescents aged 10 to 19 years-old with BPD was conducted. We independently screened studies published until 6th March 2023 in PubMed® and Scopus® databases...
March 21, 2023: Early Human Development
Daniel D Cohen, Gustavo Aroca-Martinez, Javier Carreño-Robayo, Alvaro Castañeda-Hernández, Yaneth Herazo-Beltran, Paul A Camacho, Johanna Otero, Daniel Martinez-Bello, Jose P Lopez-Lopez, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Isometric handgrip or (wall) squat exercise performed three times per week produces reductions in systolic blood pressure (SBP) in adults with hypertension. We aimed to compare these interventions and the potential to retain benefits with one exercise session per week. We compared blood pressure changes following handgrip and squat isometric training interventions with controls in a randomized controlled multicentre trial in 77 unmedicated hypertensive (SBP ≥ 130 mmHg) adults. Exercise sessions were performed in the workplace and consisted of four repetitions-three sessions per week for the first 12 weeks (phase 1), and one session per week for the subsequent 12 weeks (phase 2)...
March 25, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Morten Hostrup, Erik S Hansen, Søren M Rasmussen, Søren Jessen, Vibeke Backer
Athletes often experience lower airway dysfunction, such as asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), which affects more than half the athletes in some sports, not least in endurance sports. Symptoms include coughing, wheezing, and breathlessness, alongside airway narrowing, hyperresponsiveness, and inflammation. Early diagnosis and management are essential. Not only because untreated or poorly managed asthma and EIB potentially affects competition performance and training, but also because untreated airway inflammation can result in airway epithelial damage, remodeling, and fibrosis...
March 25, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Daniel J Green, Lauren C Chasland, Louise H Naylor, Bu B Yeap
Middle-aged and older men have typically accumulated comorbidities, are increasingly sedentary, and have lower testosterone concentrations (T) compared to younger men. Both reduced physical activity (PA) and lower T are associated with, and may predispose to, metabolically adverse changes in body composition, which contribute to higher risks of cardiometabolic disease. Exercise improves cardiometabolic health, but sustained participation is problematic. By contrast, rates of T prescription have increased, particularly in middle-aged and older men without organic diseases of the hypothalamus, pituitary or testes, reflecting the unproven concept of a restorative hormone that preserves health...
March 25, 2023: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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