S Malar Kodi, Suresh K Sharma, Somprakas Basu
BACKGROUND: The role of nurse practitioner (NP) emerged in early 1965 when general practitioners began working with nurses. Evidence across the world highlights the benefits achieved by the NP role. The Indian Nursing Council (INC) implemented a country-wide NP in critical care (NPCC) program with the approval of the ministry of health and family welfare (MoHFW) in 2017. The NP role is in its infancy in India. Hence, there is a need to assess the perception among beneficiaries and healthcare personnel...
2023: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Alejandra Patino-Guerrero, Hamid Esmaeili, Raymond Q Migrino, Mehdi Nikkhah
Cardiac tissue engineering is an emerging field providing tools to treat and study cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). In the past years, the integration of stem cell technologies with micro- and nanoengineering techniques has enabled the creation of novel engineered cardiac tissues (ECTs) with potential applications in disease modeling, drug screening, and regenerative medicine. However, a major unaddressed limitation of stem cell-derived ECTs is their immature state, resembling a neonatal phenotype and genotype...
June 5, 2023: RSC Advances
Salvador Herrera-Pérez, José Antonio Lamas
Mechano-electric feedback is one of the most important subsystems operating in the cardiovascular system, but the underlying molecular mechanism remains rather unknown. Several proteins have been proposed to explain the molecular mechanism of mechano-transduction. Transient receptor potential (TRP) and Piezo channels appear to be the most important candidates to constitute the molecular mechanism behind of the inward current in response to a mechanical stimulus. However, the inhibitory/regulatory processes involving potassium channels that operate on the cardiac system are less well known...
2023: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Tanner Stokes, Haoning Howard Cen, Philipp Kapranov, Iain J Gallagher, Andrew A Pitsillides, Claude-Henry Volmar, William E Kraus, James D Johnson, Stuart M Phillips, Claes Wahlestedt, James A Timmons
Sequencing the human genome empowers translational medicine, facilitating transcriptome-wide molecular diagnosis, pathway biology, and drug repositioning. Initially, microarrays are used to study the bulk transcriptome; but now short-read RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) predominates. Positioned as a superior technology, that makes the discovery of novel transcripts routine, most RNA-seq analyses are in fact modeled on the known transcriptome. Limitations of the RNA-seq methodology have emerged, while the design of, and the analysis strategies applied to, arrays have matured...
June 2023: Advanced genetics
Jing Liu, Sha Wei, Guohong Qiu, Ni Li, Delin Wang, Xiaohou Wu, Xiangzhi Gan, Hongmei Yi
Psychological resilience helps individuals to actively respond to various emergencies, but its mediating role between the rumination and post-traumatic growth (PTG) of nurses remains unknown. Our study aimed to explore the extent to which psychological resilience mediates the association between rumination and PTG among nurses working in mobile cabin hospitals. This cross-sectional survey was conducted on 449 medical team members working in mobile cabin hospitals to support the prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019 in Shanghai, China in 2022...
August 2023: Preventive Medicine Reports
Sadettin Cagrı Eryurt, Taner Sahin, Sukru Oral
OBJECTIVE: Head trauma, a cause of serious morbidity and mortality in general, is among the most common causes of emergency department visits in geriatric patients. In this context, this study investigated the factors affecting prognosis and mortality in geriatric patients presenting with head trauma at the emergency department. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 842 patients aged 65 years and above who presented with head trauma to the emergency department between January 1, 2019, and December 31, 2019...
June 2023: Aging medicine
Yukio Suzuki, Soshi Dohmae, Kohei Ohyama, Taiga Chiba, Sachiko Nakagami, Etsuko Miyagi, Jun Shuri
BACKGROUND: Cancer incidence is expected to increase with population aging, making the availability of places for treating patients with terminal cancer a pressing issue. However, little is known about the actual state of home end-of-life care (HEC) in Japan. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the real-world state of HEC for older adults with cancer. METHODS: The Yokohama Original Medical Database was used to identify the cohort...
June 2023: Aging medicine
Valentina Delle Donne, Valentina Massaroni, Alberto Borghetti, Arturo Ciccullo, Alex Dusina, Francesca Lombardi, Rebecca Jo Steiner, Valentina Iannone, Pierluigi Francesco Salvo, Simona Di Giambenedetto
Evidence accumulated during past years confirm that people living with HIV (PLWH) still have to deal with comorbidities and chronic complications that can increase physical and psychological issues and can affect daily functioning, quality of life and mental health. Moreover, during the COVID-19 pandemic PLWH proved to be a population at increased risk of psychological distress. We explored the ongoing issues and the characteristics of the mental health interventions for which a cohort of Italian PLWH interacted with a psychologist over the past five years...
June 7, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Daisy Yan, Bingfang Yan
Monkeypox is a zoonotic viral disease and remains endemic in tropical regions of Central and West Africa. Since May of 2022, cases of monkeypox have soared and spread worldwide. Confirmed cases have shown no travel history to the endemic regions as seen in the past. The World Health Organization declared monkeypox a global public health emergency in July 2022, and the United States government followed suit one month later. The current outbreak, in contrast to traditional epidemics, has high coinfection rates, particularly with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), and to a lesser extent with SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), the pathogen of COVID-19...
June 7, 2023: Current Drug Metabolism
Faegheh Farhadi, Samira Eghbali Friz, Sousan Torabi Parizi, Tannaz Jamialahmadi, Eric Gumpricht, Amirhossein Sahebkar
The gradual emergence of new bacterial strains impervious to one or more antibiotics necessitates discovering and applying natural alternatives. Among natural products, various polyphenols exhibit antibacterial activity. However, polyphenols with biocompatible and potent antibacterial characteristics are limited due to low aqueous solubility and bioavailability; therefore, recent studies are considering new polyphenol formulations. Nanoformulations of polyphenols, especially metal nanoparticles, are currently being investigated for their potential antibacterial activity...
June 7, 2023: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Hani I Kuttab, Chad G Evans, Joseph D Lykins, Michelle D Hughes, Jason A Kopec, Michael A Hernandez, Michael A Ward
PURPOSE: The dose and timing of early fluid resuscitation in sepsis remains a debated topic. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of fluid timing in early sepsis management on mortality and other clinical outcomes. METHODS: Single-center, retrospective cohort study of emergency-department-treated adults (>18 years, n = 1032) presenting with severe sepsis or septic shock. Logistic regression evaluating the impact of 30 mL/kg crystalloids timing and mortality-versus-time plot controlling for mortality in emergency department sepsis score, lactate, antibiotic timing, obesity, sex, systemic inflammatory response syndrome criteria, hypotension, and heart and renal failures...
June 8, 2023: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Khalid Al Hinai, Jesse Fischer, Abdullah Al Mamari, Mike Hulme-Moir
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening was introduced in Aotearoa New Zealand at Waitematā District Health Board (WDHB) in late 2011. This study reviewed patterns of disease, treatment received, and survival of patients with national bowel screening program (NBSP)-detected CRC versus non-NBSP patients at WDHB 2012-2019. METHODS: Data collected retrospectively for all patients with adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum at WDHB 2012-2019. Patient records were manually reviewed...
June 7, 2023: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Didan Ariadapa Rahadi, Elfira Yusri, Syandrez Prima Putra, Rima Semiarty, Dian Pertiwi, Cimi Ilmiawati
OBJECTIVES: The second wave of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases in Indonesia, during which the Delta variant predominated, took place after a vaccination program had been initiated in the country. This study was conducted to assess the impact of COVID-19 vaccination on unfavorable clinical outcomes including hospitalization, severe COVID-19, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and death using a real-world model. METHODS: This single-center retrospective cohort study involved patients with COVID-19 aged ≥18 years who presented to the COVID-19 emergency room at a secondary referral teaching hospital between June 1, 2021 and August 31, 2021...
May 2023: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Kyu-Tae Han, Jae Kwan Jun, Jeong-Soo Im
Cancer management has become a major policy goal for the government of the Korea. As such, the government introduced the National Cancer Control Plan (NCCP) to reduce the individual and social burdens caused by cancer and to promote national health. During the past 25 years, 3 phases of the NCCP have been completed. During this time, the NCCP has changed significantly in all aspects of cancer control from prevention to survival. The targets for cancer control are increasing, and although some blind spots remain, new demands are emerging...
May 2023: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Eiad AlFaris, Farhana Irfan, Noura Abouammoh, Nasriah Zakaria, Abdullah Ma Ahmed, Omar Kasule, Dina M Aldosari, Nora A AlSahli, Mohammed Ghatar Alshibani, Gominda Ponnamperuma
INTRODUCTION: Professionalism is a crucial component of medical practice. It is a culturally sensitive notion that generally consists of behaviors, values, communication, and relationships. This study is a qualitative study exploring physician professionalism from the patients' perspective. METHODS: Focus group discussions with patients attending a family medicine center attached to a tertiary care hospital were carried out using the four gates model of Arabian medical professionalism that is appropriate to Arab culture...
June 7, 2023: BMC Medical Ethics
Ema Karmelić, Henrik Lindlöf, Jamie Linnea Luckhaus, Moa Malmqvist Castillo, Veronica Vicente, Karin Pukk Härenstam, Carl Savage
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital Emergency Medical Services (OHEMS) require fast and accurate assessment of patients and efficient clinical judgment in the face of uncertainty and ambiguity. Guidelines and protocols can support staff in these situations, but there is significant variability in their use. Therefore, the aim of this study was to increase our understanding of physician decision-making in OHEMS, in particular, to characterize the types of decisions made and to explore potential facilitating and hindering factors...
June 7, 2023: BMC Emergency Medicine
Marco T Sabatini, Mark Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Clinical development paradigms for cell and gene therapies appear to be different to those of more conventional treatments: therefore, it is informative to explore this from the perspective of investments required to bring a new cell and/or gene therapy to the market. While there are a number of studies in the literature analyzing clinical-stage R&D costs for novel therapeutics, these are 'modality-agnostic' and thus do not elucidate costs specifically for the emerging class of cell and gene therapies...
June 7, 2023: Pharmaceutical Medicine
Hallie C Prescott, Marlies Ostermann
The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) International Guidelines for the Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock provide recommendations on the care of hospitalized adult patients with (or at risk for) sepsis. This review discusses what is new or different in the 2021 SSC adult sepsis guidelines compared to 2016. The guidelines include new weak recommendations for use of balanced fluid over saline 0.9%, use of intravenous corticosteroids for septic shock when there is ongoing vasopressor requirement, and peripheral initiation of intravenous vasopressors over delaying initiation in order to obtain central venous access...
June 7, 2023: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Takashi Watari, Ashwin Gupta, Yu Amano, Yasuharu Tokuda
Background The etiologies of diagnostic errors among internal medicine physicians are unclear. Aims To understand the causes and characteristics of diagnostic errors through reflection by those involved in them. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study using a web-based questionnaire in Japan in January 2019. Over a 10-day period, a total of 2,220 participants agreed to participate in the study, of whom 687 internists were included in the final analysis. Participants were asked about their most memorable diagnostic error cases, in which the time course, situational factors, and psychosocial context could be most vividly recalled and where the participant provided care...
June 7, 2023: Internal Medicine
Kimiko Tomioka, Kenji Uno, Masahiro Yamada
BACKGROUND: Many previous studies have reported that COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness decreased over time and declined with newly emerging variants. However, there are few such studies in Japan. Using data from a community-based retrospective study, we aimed to assess the association between vaccination status and severe COVID-19 outcomes caused by the Omicron variant, considering the length of time since the last vaccination dose. METHODS: We included all persons aged ≥12 diagnosed with COVID-19 by a doctor and notified to the Chuwa Public Health Center of Nara Prefectural Government during the Omicron BA...
2023: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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