keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36442216/exploratory-study-of-the-provision-of-academic-and-health-related-accommodations-to-transition-age-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-with-spina-bifida
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cecily L Betz, Sharon M Hudson, Adam L Skura, Nithya D Rajeev, Kathryn A Smith, Alexander Van Speybroeck
PURPOSE: The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate the types of academic and health-related accommodations provided to adolescents and emerging adults with spina bifida aged 9-20 years. METHODS: Data was extracted from the paper and electronic records of transition-age youth enrolled in the study. Four open ended items involved content analysis. RESULTS: The most frequently identified accommodation was enrollment in special education classes in 47...
November 21, 2022: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36442061/outpatient-treatment-of-confirmed-covid-19-living-rapid-practice-points-from-the-american-college-of-physicians-version-1
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amir Qaseem, Jennifer Yost, Matthew C Miller, Rebecca Andrews, Janet A Jokela, Mary Ann Forciea, George M Abraham, Linda L Humphrey
Description: Strategies to manage COVID-19 in the outpatient setting continue to evolve as new data emerge on SARS-CoV-2 variants and the availability of newer treatments. The Scientific Medical Policy Committee (SMPC) of the American College of Physicians (ACP) developed these living, rapid practice points to summarize the best available evidence on the treatment of adults with confirmed COVID-19 in an outpatient setting. These practice points do not evaluate COVID-19 treatments in the inpatient setting or adjunctive COVID-19 treatments in the outpatient setting...
November 29, 2022: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36442059/major-update-2-antibody-response-and-risk-for-reinfection-after-sars-cov-2-infection-final-update-of-a-living-rapid-review
#3
REVIEW
Haley K Holmer, Katherine Mackey, Celia V Fiordalisi, Mark Helfand
BACKGROUND: The durability of the antibody response after SARS-CoV-2 infection and the role of antibodies in protection against reinfection are unclear. PURPOSE: To synthesize evidence on the SARS-CoV-2 antibody response and reinfection risk with a focus on gaps identified in our prior reports. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE, CINAHL, World Health Organization Research Database, and reference lists from 16 December 2021 through 8 July 2022, with surveillance through 22 August 2022...
November 29, 2022: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36442056/outpatient-treatment-of-confirmed-covid-19-a-living-rapid-review-for-the-american-college-of-physicians
#4
REVIEW
Isolde Sommer, Andreea Dobrescu, Dominic Ledinger, Isabel Moser, Kylie Thaler, Emma Persad, Martin Fangmeyer, Robert Emprechtinger, Irma Klerings, Gerald Gartlehner
BACKGROUND: Clinicians and patients want to know the benefits and harms of outpatient treatment options for SARS-CoV-2 infection. PURPOSE: To assess the benefits and harms of 12 different COVID-19 treatments in the outpatient setting. DATA SOURCES: Epistemonikos COVID-19 L·OVE Platform, searched on 4 April 2022. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently screened abstracts and full texts against a priori-defined criteria...
November 29, 2022: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441785/tuberculosis-in-individuals-who-recovered-from-covid-19-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ayinalem Alemu, Zebenay Workneh Bitew, Getachew Seid, Getu Diriba, Emebet Gashu, Nega Berhe, Solomon H Mariam, Balako Gumi
BACKGROUND: The emergence of COVID-19 overwhelmed tuberculosis (TB) prevention and control, resulting in a decrease in TB detection rate and an increase in TB deaths. Furthermore, the temporary immunosuppressive effects, lung inflammation, and the corticosteroids used to treat COVID-19, may play a direct role in immunosuppression, leading to reactivation of either previous infection or latent TB or the development of new TB. Thus, the aim of this study was to review TB incidence in individuals who recovered from COVID-19...
2022: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441783/a-deliberative-public-engagement-study-on-heritable-human-genome-editing-among-south-africans-study-results
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Donrich Thaldar, Bonginkosi Shozi, Michaela Steytler, Gill Hendry, Marietjie Botes, Ntokozo Mnyandu, Meshandren Naidoo, Siddharthiya Pillay, Magda Slabbert, Beverley Townsend
This paper reports the results of a public engagement study on heritable human genome editing (HHGE) carried out in South Africa, which was conducted in accordance with a study protocol that was published in this journal in 2021. This study is novel as it is the first public engagement study on HHGE in Africa. It used a deliberative public engagement (DPE) methodology, entailing inter alia that measures were put in place to ensure that potential participants became informed about HHGE, and that deliberations between the participants were facilitated with the aim of seeking consensus...
2022: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441736/investigating-the-effects-of-antipsychotics-on-brain-insulin-action-study-protocol-for-a-multi-modality-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-study-in-healthy-controls
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicolette Stogios, Laurie Hamel, Emily Smith, Marcos Sanches, Gary Remington, Aristotle Voineskos, Satya Dash, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Margaret Hahn, Sri Mahavir Agarwal
Antipsychotics (APs) are the cornerstone of treatment for schizophrenia (SCZ) but are unfortunately associated with serious metabolic adverse effects including weight gain and type 2 diabetes. The pathophysiology of AP-induced metabolic dysfunction is largely undetermined. Brain insulin resistance has been posited to be at the cross-roads of many cognitive and metabolic disorders, and disruption of central insulin action has emerged as a possible explanatory mechanism underlying AP induced metabolic dysfunction...
2022: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441734/acute-heat-stress-indued-apoptosis-in-mouse-skeletal-muscle-is-not-associated-with-alteration-of-glutamine-homeostasis
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yifan Chen, Tianzheng Yu, Patricia A Deuster
We previously demonstrated that exposing mice to heat causes functional and ultrastructural mitochondrial alterations and apoptosis in skeletal muscle. Emerging evidence indicates that glutamine (Gln) deprivation may increase cell susceptibility to apoptosis whereas Gln supplementation may protect cells against heat stress. In this study, we investigated the effect of short-term Gln treatment on heat-induced changes in mouse skeletal muscle. Male mice received vehicle, low-dose Gln (100 mg/kg/d) or high-dose Gln (300 mg/kg/d) through daily gavage for 10 days before a heat exposure test...
2022: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441713/the-effect-of-body-image-dissatisfaction-on-goal-directed-decision-making-in-a-population-marked-by-negative-appearance-beliefs-and-disordered-eating
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jakub Onysk, Peggy Seriès
Eating disorders are associated with one of the highest mortality rates among all mental disorders, yet there is very little research about them within the newly emerging and promising field of computational psychiatry. As such, we focus on investigating a previously unexplored, yet core aspect of eating disorders-body image dissatisfaction. We continue a freshly opened debate about model-based learning and its trade-off against model-free learning-a proxy for goal-directed and habitual behaviour. We perform a behavioural study that utilises a two-step decision-making task and a reinforcement learning model to understand the effect of body image dissatisfaction on model-based learning in a population characterised by high scores of disordered eating and negative appearance beliefs, as recruited using Prolific...
2022: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441698/elevated-lactate-levels-and-impaired-lactate-clearance-during-extracorporeal-life-support-ecls-are-associated-with-poor-outcome-in-cardiac-surgery-patients
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
René Rissel, Sascha Koelm, Markus Schepers, Daniel-Sebastian Dohle, Joerg Albers, Mehmet Oezkur, Marc Kriege, Marc Bodenstein
The use of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) as part of cardio-circulatory support has increased rapidly in recent years. Severe hyperlactatemia is not uncommon in this group of patients. Lactate peak concentrations and lactate clearance have already been identified as independent marker for mortality in critical ill patients without mechanical device support. The aim of this study was to determine a supposed correlation between the variables lactate peak concentration and clearance in the blood and mortality in the ECLS context...
2022: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441688/evaluation-of-emerging-inflammatory-markers-for-predicting-oxygen-support-requirement-in-covid-19-patients
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Peerapong Kamjai, Sivaporn Hemvimol, Narisa Kengtrong Bordeerat, Potjanee Srimanote, Pornpimon Angkasekwinai
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a highly contagious pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread rapidly and remains a challenge to global public health. COVID-19 patients manifest various symptoms from mild to severe cases with poor clinical outcomes. Prognostic values of novel markers, including neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and C-reactive protein to lymphocyte ratio (CLR) calculated from routine laboratory parameters have recently been reported to predict severe cases; however, whether this investigation can guide oxygen therapy in COVID-19 patients remains unclear...
2022: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441679/genetic-variation-and-microbiota-in-bumble-bees-cross-infected-by-different-strains-of-c-bombi
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seth M Barribeau, Paul Schmid-Hempel, Jean-Claude Walser, Stefan Zoller, Martina Berchtold, Regula Schmid-Hempel, Niklaus Zemp
The bumblebee Bombus terrestris is commonly infected by a trypanosomatid gut parasite Crithidia bombi. This system shows a striking degree of genetic specificity where host genotypes are susceptible to different genotypes of parasite. To a degree, variation in host gene expression underlies these differences, however, the effects of standing genetic variation has not yet been explored. Here we report on an extensive experiment where workers of twenty colonies of B. terrestris were each infected by one of twenty strains of C...
2022: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441674/multicenter-evaluation-of-the-genomera-sars-cov-2-assay-kit
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mika Lång, Annika Allard, Soile Blomqvist, Irmeli Iranto, Tytti Vuorinen, Antti-Heikki Tapio, Jiri Vainio
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) first emerged in late 2019, and quickly spread to every continent causing the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Fast propagation of the disease presented numerous challenges to the health care industry in general and especially placed enormous pressure on laboratory testing. Throughout the pandemic, reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR)-based nucleic acid amplification tests have been the primary technique to identify acute infections caused by SARS-CoV-2...
2022: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441609/serratus-anterior-plane-block-for-clinically-suspected-rib-fractures-in-prehospital-and-retrieval-medicine
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christopher Harrington Facem, Jimmy Bliss Facem, Leon Lam Franzcr, Christopher Partyka Facem
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of the serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) in the prehospital and retrieval environment including the ability to accurately identify those patients with thoracic trauma and clinically suspected rib fractures who would benefit from this procedure. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of all patients with thoracic trauma and clinically suspected rib fractures who received SAPB by a prehospital and retrieval medical team in New South Wales, Australia, between 2018 and 2021...
November 28, 2022: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441546/in-utero-exposure-to-maternal-injury-and-the-associated-risk-of-cerebral-palsy
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Asma Ahmed, Laura C Rosella, Maryam Oskoui, Tristan Watson, Seungmi Yang
IMPORTANCE: Although maternal unintentional injury during pregnancy has shown negative impacts on the mother and fetus, the evidence on its long-term associations with children's neurodevelopment is limited. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal unintentional injury and cerebral palsy (CP) in offspring. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a population-based, longitudinal, cohort study of all in-hospital live births born between April 1, 2002, and March 31, 2017, in a publicly funded health care system setting of Ontario, Canada...
November 28, 2022: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441365/the-association-of-teamlets-and-teams-with-physician-burnout-and-patient-outcomes
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lawrence P Casalino, Hye-Young Jung, Thomas Bodenheimer, Ivan Diaz, Melinda A Chen, Rachel Willard-Grace, Manyao Zhang, Phyllis Johnson, Yuting Qian, Eloise M O'Donnell, Mark A Unruh
BACKGROUND: Primary care "teamlets" in which a staff member and physician consistently work together might provide a simple, cost-effective way to improve care, with or without insertion within a team. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and performance of teamlets and teams. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study linking survey responses to Medicare claims. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred eighty-eight general internists and family physicians...
November 28, 2022: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441338/impact-of-noninvasive-ventilation-at-a%C3%A2-municipal-emergency-department-on-icu-admissions
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yannic-Tomas Abulesz, Moritz Haugk
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the emergency department of a municipal hospital in Vienna began to perform noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on patients admitted for acute respiratory failure, given no intubation criteria were met. The intention of this study was to show to which type of hospital unit patients were transferred after undergoing NIV in the emergency department. Additionally, the impact of the underlying disease, a patient's sex and age and the year of intervention were analyzed...
November 28, 2022: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441109/treatment-of-patients-with-waldenstr%C3%A3-m-macroglobulinaemia-clinical-practice-update-from-the-myeloma-foundation-of-australia-medical-and-scientific-advisory-group
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dipti Talaulikar, D Joshua, P J Ho, J Gibson, H Quach, S Gibbs, S Ling, C Ward, B Augustson, Judith Trotman, S J Harrison, Constantine S Tam
Waldenström Macroglobulinaemia (WM) is an indolent B-cell malignancy characterised by the presence of IgM paraprotein, bone marrow infiltration by clonal small B lymphocytes with plasmacytic differentiation, and the MYD88 L265P mutation in >90% of cases. Traditionally, WM has been treated with chemoimmunotherapy. Recent trials have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase inhibitors (BTKi) in WM, both as monotherapy and in combination with other drugs. There is emerging evidence on use of other agents including BCL2 inhibitors and on treatment of rare presentations of WM...
November 28, 2022: Internal Medicine Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441016/hot-off-the-press-sedation-or-analgesia-methods-for-reduction-of-anterior-shoulder-dislocation
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Justin Morgenstern, Lauren Westafer, Corey Heitz, William K Milne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2022: Academic Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36440988/characteristics-of-pediatric-patient-transfers-from-general-emergency-departments-in-california-from-2005-to-2018
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Moon O Lee, Jessica Wall, Olga Saynina, Carlos A Camargo, N Ewen Wang
OBJECTIVE: Each year, approximately 300,000 pediatric patients are transferred out of emergency departments (EDs). Emergency department transfers may not only provide a higher level of care but also incur increased resource use and cost. Our objective was to identify hospital characteristics and patient demographics and conditions associated with ED transfer as well as the trend of transfers over time. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of pediatric visits to EDs in California using the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development ED data set (2005-2018)...
November 28, 2022: Pediatric Emergency Care
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