Emergency medicine

Andreas Brunklaus, Dennis Lal
Genetic variants in brain-expressed voltage-gated sodium channels (SCNs) have emerged as one of the most frequent causes of Mendelian forms of epilepsy and neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). This review explores the biological concepts that underlie sodium channel NDDs, explains their phenotypic heterogeneity, and appraises how this knowledge may inform clinical practice. We observe that excitatory/inhibitory neuronal expression ratios of sodium channels are important regulatory mechanisms underlying brain development, homeostasis, and neurological diseases...
March 30, 2020: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Clare O'Callaghan, Daniel J Hubik, Justin Dwyer, Martin Williams, Margaret Ross
Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music emerged following discontinuation of psychedelic therapy research in the early 1970s, but psychedelic therapy research has since revived. Music remains a vital component. This study examined participants' experiences of music in psychedelic therapy research. A rapid review of qualitative and quantitative journal articles in four major databases was conducted in February to April, 2019, using the terms hallucinogens, psychedelic, "lysergic acid diethylamide," psilocybin, ayahuasca, music, and/or "music therapy...
March 30, 2020: Journal of Music Therapy
N Murch, C Chadwick, A Wijewardane
Editor- Thank you for giving us the opportunity to respond to the letter received regarding the Joint Royal College of Physicians Training Board (JRCPTB) curriculum for Acute Internal Medicine (AIM) that has previously been circulated for comment and consideration of implementation in August 2022. Dr Williamson is correct in asserting that the proposed curriculum hopes to produce doctors with generic professional and specialty specific capabilities needed to manage patients presenting with a wide range of medical symptoms and conditions...
2020: Acute Medicine
Adam Williamson
Editor- I note with interest that the Joint Royal College of Physicians Training Board curriculum for Acute Internal Medicine (AIM) has been reviewed and circulated for comment and consideration of implementation in August 2022. The proposed curriculum hopes to produce doctors with generic professional and specialty specific capabilities needed to manage patients presenting with a wide range of medical symptoms and conditions. It aims to produce a workforce that reflects the current trends of increasing patient attendances to both primary care and emergency departments- one that has a high level of diagnostic reasoning, the ability to manage uncertainty, deal with comorbidities and recognise when specialty input is require in a variety of settings, including ambulatory and critical care...
2020: Acute Medicine
L Lees-Deutsch, B Gough, J Yorke, A L Caress
Discharge lounges enable the swift movement of patients imminently awaiting hospital discharge, to free beds without delay. This Qualitative Yin-Style Case Study describes the patient and caregivers experience of transition from an Acute Medicine Unit (AMU) to a discharge lounge and staff perspectives, as organisers of this process. Audiorecorded, interviews and focus groups were undertaken. Data were analysed using Framework Analysis. Lack of patientcenteredness in moving patients to the discharge lounge emerged with three themes: 'moving the problem'; 'being moved' and 'feeling removed'...
2020: Acute Medicine
Phuong H-L Tran, Dongxi Xiang, Tuong N-G Nguyen, Thao T-D Tran, Qian Chen, Wang Yin, Yumei Zhang, Lingxue Kong, Andrew Duan, Kuisheng Chen, Miomio Sun, Yong Li, Yingchun Hou, Yimin Zhu, Yongchao Ma, Guoqin Jiang, Wei Duan
In the past decade, the study of exosomes, nanosized vesicles (50-150 nm) released into the extracellular space via the fusion of multivesicular bodies with the plasma membrane, has burgeoned with impressive achievements in theranostics applications. These nanosized vesicles have emerged as key players in homeostasis and in the pathogenesis of diseases owing to the variety of the cargos they can carry, the nature of the molecules packaged inside the vesicles, and the robust interactions between exosomes and target cells or tissues...
2020: Theranostics
Martina Loi, Costantino Paciolla, Antonio F Logrieco, Giuseppina Mulè
Aflatoxins (AFs) are secondary metabolites produced by Aspergillus spp., known for their hepatotoxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic activity in humans and animals. AF contamination of staple food commodities is a global concern due to their toxicity and the economic losses they cause. Different strategies have been applied to reduce fungal contamination and AF production. Among them, the use of natural, plant-derived compounds is emerging as a promising strategy to be applied to control both Aspergillus spoilage and AF contamination in food and feed commodities in an integrated pre- and postharvest management...
2020: Frontiers in Microbiology
Maria Antonietta Panaro, Addolorata Corrado, Tarek Benameur, Cantatore Francesco Paolo, Daniela Cici, Chiara Porro
Natural products have been used in medicine for thousands of years. Given their potential health benefits, they have gained significant popularity in recent times. The administration of phytochemicals existed shown to regulate differential gene expression and modulate various cellular pathways implicated in cell protection. Curcumin is a natural dietary polyphenol extracted from Curcuma Longa L inn with different biological and pharmacological effects. One of the important targets of curcumin is Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4), the receptor which plays a key role in the modulation of the immune responses and the stimulation of inflammatory chemokines and cytokines production...
March 26, 2020: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Peizhong Liu, Chuangpeng Li, Yiting Lu, Qing Liu
Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) is a common medical emergency, and this case report describes an acupuncture treatment of traditional Chinese medicine terminating PSVT. In this case report, a 67-year-old female patient diagnosed with PSVT had a recurrence in the ward; accompanying symptoms were heart palpitations and shortness of breath. Modified Valsalva maneuver, the first-line treatment, failed to convert paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. However, acupuncture at Neiguan point (P6) for about 1 min on her right hand successfully treated the patient...
March 30, 2020: Complementary Medicine Research
Leonid Prokhorenko, Daniil Klimov, Denis Mishchenkov, Yuri Poduraev
The progress of robotic medicine leads to the emergence of an increasing number of highly specialized automated systems based on specialized software. In any such system, there is the task of translating the surgeon's requests into the process of automated procedure execution. The hardware and software system that provides the translation is the interface between the surgeon and the robot. This paper proposes a generalized framework architecture for the development of such software - the surgeon-robot interface...
March 23, 2020: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Maria Mayan, Tatjana Alvadj, Salima Punja, Hsing Jou, Sarah Wildgen, Sunita Vohra
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand emerging roles of parents of hospitalized children with life threatening conditions and to explore how complementary therapies integrated into conventional pediatric care may shift and/or support these roles. DESIGN: This study is part of a larger research study that examined the introduction of a pediatric integrative medicine service at an acute care children's hospital in Canada. A qualitative descriptive study was conducted using one-on-one telephone interviews with a sample of parents of children included in the larger study...
February 29, 2020: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Faizan Abul Qais, Anam Shafiq, Iqbal Ahmad, Fohad Mabood Husain, Rais Ahmad Khan, Iftekhar Hassan
Antimicrobial resistance among pathogenic bacteria has become a global threat to human health. Due to poor progress in development of new antimicrobial drugs, there is greater need for the development of novel alternative strategies to combat problem of multidrug resistance. Moreover, there is focus on ecofriendly approach for the synthesis nanoparticles having efficient medicinal properties including antivirulence properties to tackle the emergence of multi-drug resistance. Targeting quorum sensing controlled virulence factors, and biofilms has come out to be a novel anti-infective drug target...
March 26, 2020: Microbial Pathogenesis
Hillary Spangler, Joseph Fisher
Meckel's diverticulum classically follows the rule of two's; presenting before the age of two years, found 2 ft. from the ileocecal valve, approximately 2 in. in length, and present in roughly 2% of the population. To our knowledge, there are few cases detailing emergent medicine management of hemorrhagic shock in patients with acute blood loss from a Meckel's diverticulum. We report the case of a 13-year-old male presenting in hemorrhagic shock secondary to an undifferentiated gastrointestinal bleed who was effectively resuscitated in a children's emergency department...
March 24, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Colin F Mackenzie, Eric A Elster, Mark W Bowyer, Nick Sevdalis
OBJECTIVE: Scope evidence on technical performance metrics for open emergency surgery. Identify surgical performance metrics and procedures used in trauma training courses. DESIGN: Structured literature searches of electronic databases were conducted from January 2010 to December 2019 to identify systematic reviews of tools to measure surgical skills employed in vascular or trauma surgery evaluation and training. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Faculty of Shock Trauma Anesthesiology Research Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland and Implementation Science, King's College, London...
March 26, 2020: Journal of Surgical Education
Magali J Fontaine, Eileen Selogie, David Stroncek, David McKenna, Zbigniew M Szczepiorkowski, Minoko Takanashi, Henk Garritsen, John Girdlestone, Jo-Anna Reems
BACKGROUND AIMS: At the frontier of transfusion medicine and transplantation, the field of cellular therapy is emerging. Most novel cellular therapy products are produced under investigational protocols with no clear standardization across cell processing centers. Thus, the purpose of this study was to uncover any variations in manufacturing practices for similar cellular therapy products across different cell processing laboratories worldwide. METHODS: An exploratory survey that was designed to identify variations in manufacturing practices in novel cellular therapy products was sent to cell processing laboratory directors worldwide...
March 26, 2020: Cytotherapy
Erwan L'Her, Thomas Geeraerts, Jean-Philippe Desclefs, Dan Benhamou, Antonia Blanié, Charles Cerf, Véronique Delmas, Mercedes Jourdain, François Lecomte, Islem Ouanes, Marc Garnier, Chirine Mossadegh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2020: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
W Guo, H L Weng, H Bai, J Liu, X N Wei, K Zhou, A Sande
Objective: To collect the current status and healthcare needs of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in China during the COVID-19 outbreak to inform quick response from government and communities. Methods: During February 5(th) to 10(th) , 2020, a national anonymous survey was conducted using an online questionnaire among PLHIV at least 18 years of age and had started antiretroviral treatment (ART) to collect the information on COVID-19 prevention, HIV-related health services and the needs on psychosocial support...
March 30, 2020: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Federica Capanna, Ahmad Haydar, Catherine McCarey, Enrico Bernini Carri, Jose' Bartha Rasero, Valentina Tsibizova, Hanns Helmer, Alexander Makatsarya, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
COVID-19 is placing considerable strain on healthcare systems. Disaster and military medicine specialists were involved in the outbreak in Italy, after many units were overwhelmed.Health providers were caught off guard and personnel was unprepared to face this unprecedented threat. Local decisions accelerated the rate of the spread. Many countries declared a state of emergency and lockdown to contain the exponential transmission of the disease.The purpose of this review is to suggest quick key points of strategies to implement in obstetric units without delay to respond to the oncoming wave, based on experience and feedback from the field...
March 29, 2020: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Nico van Zandwijk, Glen Reid, Arthur L Frank
Introduction : Asbestos, the most frequent cause of occupational cancer, continues to be consumed on a massive scale, with millions of people exposed on a daily basis. This review explains why we have failed in curtailing the silent epidemic of asbestos-related disease and why the numbers of asbestos victims are likely to remain high. Emerging and developed countries have to be reminded that asbestos exposure has yet to become a problem of the past. The worldwide spread of asbestos, followed by the surge of asbestos-related cancers, resembles the lung cancer epidemic caused by smoking and stimulated by manufacturers...
March 29, 2020: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
Kelvin H Wan, Suber S Huang, Alvin Young, Dennis Shun Chiu Lam
The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in December 2019 in Wuhan, China has spread to over 113 countries with 118,326 infected and 4,292 died as of 11 March 2020 and the World Health Organization (WHO) has just announced COVID-19 a global pandemic. A person under investigation (PUI) for COVID-19 is less likely to present initially to the ophthalmologists compared to emergency care or internal medicine physicians...
March 29, 2020: Acta Ophthalmologica
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