keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32659762/radical-tonsillectomy-and-superior-pharyngeal-constrictor-anatomy-a-cadaveric-and-oncologic-specimen-assessment
#1
Julian D Amin, Michael E Kallen, Kyle M Hatten
INTRODUCTION: The rise in primary surgical management of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma has led to varying interpretations of the histopathologic evaluation following a radical tonsillectomy. The oncologic margin may be significantly influenced by the morphologic relations and anatomic dimensions of the palatine tonsil and superior pharyngeal constrictor (SPC) muscle. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize the gross and histologic anatomic features of the palatine tonsil and SPC muscle following an en bloc radical tonsillectomy...
July 13, 2020: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32659725/selection-of-the-surgical-approach-for-lesions-with-parapharyngeal-space-involvement-a-single-center-experience-on-153-cases
#2
Davide Lombardi, Marco Ferrari, Alberto Paderno, Stefano Taboni, Vittorio Rampinelli, Francesco Barbara, Alberto Schreiber, Davide Mattavelli, Michele Tomasoni, Davide Farina, Marco Ravanelli, Roberto Maroldi, Piero Nicolai
BACKGROUND: The parapharyngeal space (PPS) can harbor a variety of tumors that can be approached through a wide spectrum of surgical routes. A decisional algorithm on the surgical approach to resect PPS lesions was tested in terms of reliability by retrospectively applying it to a large series of patients. METHODS: Patients treated at the Unit of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery of the University of Brescia, Italy, for tumor or tumor-like lesions involving the PPS between October 1986 and July 2019 were included in the retrospective analysis...
July 10, 2020: Oral Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32659642/obturator-nerve-injury-in-a-chemo-and-radio-resistant-patient-with-a-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-after-two-previous-uterine-artery-embolizations-for-severe-vaginal-bleeding-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
Raffaele Tinelli, Stefano Uccella, Luigi Nappi, Giuseppe D'Amato, Ettore Cicinelli, Stefano Angioni
Chemo and radiotherapy are actually the gold standard of treatment for locally-advanced cervical cancer. We report a case report showing a repaired (video 1) right obturator nerve after an incidental injury during a right internal iliac artery closure with 10 mm titanium clip for severe pelvic bleeding in a patient with locally-advanced cervical cancer. A 52 year-old postmenopausal woman with a chemo and radio-resistant locally-advanced squamous cervical cancer was admitted at our department for severe vaginal bleeding after two previous uterine artery embolizations...
July 2, 2020: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32659438/design-considerations-for-phase-i-ii-dose-finding-clinical-trials-in-immuno-oncology-and-cell-therapy
#4
Rachael Liu, Jianchang Lin, Pin Li
Immuno-oncology (IO) and cell therapy, the frontier of cancer treatment, is a rapidly developing area that brings new opportunities to patients. In IO and cell therapy clinical trial development, it is critical to identify the right dose level in early phase of trials thus improving the probability of success in confirmatory trials to test the superiority over other therapies. Given the complex mechanism interacting with immune system for IO drugs especially cell therapy, the traditional oncology dose finding trial designs may not serve the purpose...
July 10, 2020: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32659250/the-gimbaled-head-radiotherapy-system-rise-and-downfall-of-a-dedicated-system-for-dynamic-tumour-tracking-with-real-time-monitoring-and-dynamic-wavearc
#5
REVIEW
Masahiro Hiraoka, Takashi Mizowaki, Yukinori Matsuo, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Dirk Verellen
A gimbaled-head radiotherapy device was developed by industry-academic collaborations, with a concept of robust structures whilst maintaining high flexibilities, and its clinical application started in 2008. The unique structures with multi-image guidance functions initiated 2 new treatment modalities. One is dynamic tumor tracking radiotherapy with real time monitoring (DTTRM), which enables 4-D radiotherapy without prolongation of radiotherapy treatment time. This treatment has become clinically feasible for stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) of lung cancers and liver tumors, and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for pancreatic cancers...
July 10, 2020: Radiotherapy and Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32659198/distance-based-education-for-nurses-caring-for-children-with-cancer-in-sub-saharan-africa
#6
Marilyn Hockenberry, Tadala Mulemba, Aisha Nedege, Kitsiso Madumetse, Jennifer Higgins
Nursing specialization in the care of children with cancer provides the foundation for implementing successful childhood cancer and blood disorder treatment programs throughout the world. Excellence in nursing education is at the center of all that is needed to maximize cures for children with cancer in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). While the burden of childhood cancer care is the highest in LMIC, opportunities for continuing nursing education and specialization are extremely limited. Capacity-building programs using distance-based learning opportunities have been successful in sub-Saharan Africa and provide insight into successful, continuing professional development...
July 13, 2020: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32659139/an-evaluation-of-subcutaneous-daratumumab-for-the-treatment-of-multiple-myeloma
#7
Barry Paul, Shebli Atrash, Manisha Bhutani, Peter Voorhees, Issam Hamadeh, Saad Z Usmani
INTRODUCTION: A subcutaneous formulation of daratumumab, a human immunoglobulin G1 kappa monoclonal antibody targeting CD38, recently achieved FDA approval for both newly diagnosed and relapsed refractory multiple myeloma amid promises to decrease infusion times and rates of infusion reactions in myeloma patients. AREAS COVERED: In this article the biology behind subcutaneous administration of oncologic antibody therapies is reviewed and the subcutaneous formulation of daratumumab is covered in depth...
July 13, 2020: Expert Review of Hematology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32659118/the-psychological-challenges-for-oncological-patients-in-times-of-covid-19-pandemic-telemedicine-a-solution
#8
EDITORIAL
Estelle Caroline Schade, Ronaldo Elkaddoum, Hampig Raphael Kourie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2020: Future Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32659112/prognostic-factors-of-sinonasal-squamous-cell-carcinomas-arising-de-novo-and-from-inverted-papilloma
#9
Yunxia Li, Chengshuo Wang, Ru Wang, Jiamin Zhang, Honggang Liu, Qian Shi, Xiaohong Chen, Lizhen Hou, Hongzhi Ma, Qi Zhong, Pingdong Li, Ling Feng, Shizhi He, Luo Zhang, Jugao Fang
BACKGROUND: The prognostic factors and survival difference between inverted papilloma (IP)-associated sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and de novo SCC are unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the clinical features and oncologic outcomes in patients with IP-associated SCC and de novo SCC; and additionally, to analyze the prognostic factors of the two types of SCCs. METHODS: Data from 173 SCC patients treated for IP-associated SCC (n = 89) and de novo SCC (n = 84), were reviewed retrospectively for demographic features, tumor characteristics, treatment modality, and clinical outcomes...
July 12, 2020: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32658932/alignment-of-stroma-fibers-microvessel-density-and-immune-cell-populations-determine-overall-survival-in-pancreatic-cancer-an-analysis-of-stromal-morphology
#10
Louisa Bolm, Petro Zghurskyi, Hryhoriy Lapshyn, Ekaterina Petrova, Sergiy Zemskov, Yogesh K Vashist, Steffen Deichmann, Kim C Honselmann, Peter Bronsert, Tobias Keck, Ulrich F Wellner
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to define histo-morphological stroma characteristics by analyzing stromal components, and to evaluate their impact on local and systemic tumor spread and overall survival in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients who underwent oncologic resections with curative intent for PDAC were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Histological specimens were re-evaluated for morphological stroma features as stromal fibers, fibroblast morphology, stroma matrix density, microvessel density and distribution of immune cell populations...
2020: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32658845/-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-prognostic-marker-in-covid-19
#11
Luis Basbus, Martín I Lapidus, Ignacio Martingano, María Celeste Puga, Javier Pollán
In December 2019, a new coronavirus was identified as the cause of an outbreak of pneumonia and respiratory distress in Wuhan, China. It was declared pandemic in March 2020. It is important to know predictors of poor outcomes in order to optimize the strategies of care in newly diagnosed patients. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) constitutes a novel prognostic marker for oncologic, cardiovascular and infectious diseases. We aimed to assess its prognostic value in COVID-19. We evaluated a retrospective cohort of 131 patients with COVID-19 from March to May 2020...
2020: Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32658380/metro-smhop-01-metronomics-combination-with-cyclophosphamide-etoposide-and-valproic-acid-for-refractory-and-relapsing-pediatric-malignancies
#12
Maria El Kababri, Sarra Benmiloud, Siham Cherkaoui, Jamila El Houdzi, Khadija Maani, Nawal Ansari, Nissrine Khoubila, Amina Kili, Mohammed El Khorassani, Abdellah Madani, Mohammed Adnane Tazi, Samir Ahid, Laila Hessissen, Asmaa Quessar, Mhamed Harif, Mohammed Khattab, Nicolas André
BACKGROUND: In low- and middle-income countries, therapeutic options for advanced, refractory, or relapsing malignancies are limited due to local constraints such as cost of drugs, distance from oncology centers, and lack of availability of new anticancer drugs. Metronomics, which combines metronomic chemotherapy (MC) and drug repositioning, allows for the provision of new therapeutic options for patients in this setting. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the activity and toxicity of a metronomic regimen in Moroccan pediatric patients with refractory or relapsing malignancies...
July 13, 2020: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32658372/pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-neoplasms-in-children-a-pediatric-surgical-oncology-research-collaborative-study
#13
Sanjeev A Vasudevan, Tu-Anh N Ha, Huirong Zhu, Todd E Heaton, Michael P LaQuaglia, Joseph T Murphy, Wesley E Barry, Catherine Goodhue, Eugene S Kim, Jennifer H Aldrink, Stephanie F Polites, Harold J Leraas, Henry E Rice, Elisabeth T Tracy, Timothy B Lautz, Riccardo A Superina, Andrew M Davidoff, Max R Langham, Andrew J Murphy, Andreana Bütter, Jacob Davidson, Richard D Glick, James Grijalva, Kenneth W Gow, Peter F Ehrlich, Erika A Newman, Dave R Lal, Marcus M Malek, Annie Le-Nguyen, Nelson Piché, David H Rothstein, Scott S Short, Rebecka Meyers, Roshni Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: To better characterize short-term and long-term outcomes in children with pancreatic tumors treated with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: Patients 21 years of age or younger who underwent PD at Pediatric Surgical Oncology Collaborative (PSORC) hospitals between 1990 and 2017 were identified. Demographic, clinical information, and outcomes (operative complications, long-term pancreatic function, recurrence, and survival) were collected. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients from 18 institutions with a median age of 13 years (4 months-22 years) and a median (IQR) follow-up of 2...
July 13, 2020: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32658367/risk-and-associated-factors-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-results-from-a-german-multicenter-study
#14
Peter Esser, Anja Mehnert-Theuerkauf, Michael Friedrich, Christoffer Johansen, Elmar Brähler, Hermann Faller, Martin Härter, Uwe Koch, Holger Schulz, Karl Wegscheider, Joachim Weis, Katharina Kuba, Andreas Hinz, Tim Hartung
OBJECTIVE: In order to optimize psycho-oncological care, studies that quantify the extent of distress and identify certain risk groups are needed. Among patients with prostate cancer (PCa), findings on depression and anxiety are limited. METHODS: We analyzed data of PCa patients selected from a German multi-center study. Depression and anxiety were assessed with the PHQ-9 and the GAD-7 (cut-off ≥7). We provided physical symptom burden, calculated absolute and relative risk (AR and RR) of depression and anxiety across patient subsets and between patients and the general population (GP) and tested age as a moderator within the relationship of disease-specific symptoms with depression and anxiety...
July 13, 2020: Psycho-oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32658316/bridging-the-distance-continuing-psycho-oncological-care-via-video-consults-during-the-covid-19-pandemic
#15
Marije L van der Lee, Melanie P J Schellekens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2020: Psycho-oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32658211/typical-variant-of-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-in-oncological-patients-two-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Konrad Stępień, Karol Nowak, Paweł Pasieka, Konrad Warmuz, Adam Stępień, Jadwiga Nessler, Jarosław Zalewski
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) represents an acute systolic left ventricular dysfunction typically triggered by severe psychological or physical stress. Oncological patients due to emotional distress of the diagnosis, proinflammatory and prothrombotic nature of cancer and also physical stress often following complex anticancer therapies are at high-risk of TCM. Moreover, there are also few reports of TCM associated with oncological treatment, mostly chemotherapy. Recent data from large registries indicate a surprisingly high incidence of malignancy in TCM, significant differences in clinical characteristics and unfavorable short- and long-term clinical outcomes in this specific group of patients...
2020: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32658050/toxicity-of-combined-targeted-therapy-and-concurrent-radiotherapy-in-metastatic-melanoma-patients-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis
#17
Johanna S Ziegler, Stephanie Kroeze, Marie-Luise Hilbers, Laurence Imhof, Matthias Guckenberger, Mitchell P Levesque, Reinhard Dummer, Phil Cheng, Joanna Mangana
The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group consensus guidelines from 2016 recommend interruption of targeted therapy with BRAF- and MEK-inhibitors during radiotherapy with data being based mostly on BRAF monotherapy. The aim of this study is to provide data on the safety of concurrent radiotherapy and combination targeted therapy with BRAF- and MEK-inhibitors. A total of 32 patients with 51 sessions of radiotherapy from one center receiving concurrent radiotherapy and BRAF- and MEK- inhibitors were included. Radiotherapy-associated toxicities were retrospectively collected...
July 8, 2020: Melanoma Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32657935/the-surgeon-s-perceived-value-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-5-different-surgical-subspecialties
#18
Danny Mou, Rachel C Sisodia, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Keren Ladin, Regan W Bergmark, Andrea L Pusic, Marcela G Del Carmen, Marilyn Heng
OBJECTIVE: To understand the surgeon's perceived value of PROMs in 5 different surgical subspecialties. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PROMs are validated questionnaires that assess the symptoms, function, and quality of life from the patient's perspective. Despite the increasing support for use of PROMs in the literature, there is limited uptake amongst surgeons. Furthermore, there is insufficient understanding of the surgeons' perceived value of PROMs. The aim of this study is to understand how surgeons perceive value in PROMs...
July 9, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32657934/comment-on-impact-of-oral-immunonutrition-on-postoperative-morbidity-in-digestive-oncologic-surgery-a-nation-wide-cohort-study
#19
Shanjun Tan, Guohao Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32657919/the-impact-of-radiotherapy-on-patient-reported-outcomes-of-immediate-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-with-and-without-mesh
#20
Emma Sewart, Nicholas L Turner, Elizabeth J Conroy, Ramsey I Cutress, Joanna Skillman, Lisa Whisker, Steven Thrush, Nicola Barnes, Chris Holcombe, Shelley Potter
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of PMRT on PROs of IBBR performed with and without mesh. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PMRT is increasingly given to improve breast cancer outcomes but can adversely impact complications after IBBR. Little; however, is known about the impact of PMRT on the PROs of IBBR, especially when mesh is used. METHODS: The implant Breast Reconstruction evAluation prospective cohort study recruited consecutive women undergoing immediate IBBR from 81 UK breast and plastic surgical units...
July 9, 2020: Annals of Surgery
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