Reah Chiong, Virginia B Gray, Roudi Roy
Family-based nutrition programs have been used to support healthy eating; however, few programs emphasize parental roles in regard to food. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a family-based curriculum with a parenting focus aimed at influencing child obesity risk. Qualitative data in the pilot implementation (cohort 1, n = 6 families with elementary-aged children) suggested parent value for: positive messages, hands-on learning, and group sharing. However, Family Nutrition and Physical Activity (FNPA) scores for cohorts 2-6 (n = 18 families) did not change significantly from pre- to post-program...
September 2020: Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal
Shivani J Patel, Patrick Cafferty, Melissa Klein, Angela M Statile
PURPOSE: Physician assistants (PAs) will increasingly fill an important primary care gap in pediatrics. This study implemented a pediatric preventative care curriculum using a team-based learning (TBL) strategy and then evaluated the effect on first-year PA students' knowledge and attitudes toward TBL as a teaching method. METHODS: The curriculum was developed and implemented during a one-semester course. Students completed knowledge-based questions precourse and postcourse; the mean scores for individual students were then compared using a paired t test...
December 2020: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Kwadernica C Rhea, Morgan C Mayeux, Melissa W Cater, Imani J Carr, Georgianna Tuuri
College students are challenged to consume healthy diets, and veterinary medical students may also have difficulty achieving optimal dietary intake, yet improved well-being is associated with following healthy dietary patterns. Individuals with food literacy-the inter-related knowledge, skills, and behaviors to plan and manage, select, prepare, and eat healthy foods-are better able to meet dietary recommendations. The Eating with Ease program developed and tested a nutrition education/culinary skill-building program to build first- and second-year veterinary medicine students' food literacy and healthy behaviors toward food...
November 21, 2020: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Luis A Murillo, Emily Follo, April Smith, Julienne Balestrier, Deborah L Bevvino
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a common health concern in primary care with barriers to treatment well documented in the literature. Innovative online psychoeducational approaches to address barriers to care have been well received and can be cost effective. This pilot trial evaluated the effectiveness of an online psychoeducation curriculum intended to alleviate symptoms of depression while utilizing minimal staff resources. METHODS: A small (n = 29) randomized control pilot study was conducted...
January 2020: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Soumen Das De, Mark E Puhaindran, Sreedharan Sechachalam, Kevin Jian Hao Wong, Chew Wei Chong, Andrew Yuan Hui Chin
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted all segments of daily life, with the healthcare sector being at the forefront of this upheaval. Unprecedented efforts have been taken worldwide to curb this ongoing global catastrophe that has already resulted in many fatalities. One of the areas that has received little attention amid this turmoil is the disruption to trainee education, particularly in specialties that involve acquisition of procedural skills. Hand surgery in Singapore is a standalone combined programme that relies heavily on dedicated cross-hospital rotations, an extensive didactic curriculum and supervised hands-on training of increasing complexity...
May 2020: Bone & joint open
Aleksander Dawidziuk, Rishikesh Gandhewar, Yash Kulkarni
Uncertainty is ever-present within the medical profession. To effectively manage uncertainty, future doctors must develop key competencies including resilience, creativity and adaptability along with the capacity for collaboration and embracing multiculturalism. The authors believe that attending an overseas clinical research placement as a junior medical student can benefit medical education by offering an early opportunity to develop these qualities. These views are supported by reflections on a clinical research module and placement in Guangzhou, China completed by the authors during the second year of medical school and aims to highlight key learning opportunities...
January 2020: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
Sheldon Goldstein, Dennis E Feierman, Gabriela M Samayoa, Ram Roth, Ellise Delphin, Yuriy A Gubenko, Malka Stohl, Jyotsna Rimal, Andrei Botea, Ronit Zweig, Nikolaos J Skubas
Background: Transesophageal echocardiography can be a useful monitor during noncardiac surgery, in patients with comorbidities and/or undergoing procedures associated with substantial hemodynamic changes. The goal of this study was to investigate if transesophageal-echocardiography-related knowledge could be acquired during anesthesia residency. Methods: After institutional review board approval, a prospective observational study was performed in two anesthesiology residency programs...
July 2020: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
Irvin C Lien, Randell Seaton, Aaron Szpytman, Jody Chou, Victoria Webber, Eva Waineo, DianeL Levine
Background : The opioid epidemic is a growing problem in the USA. Use of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) has been effective in treating patients with opioid use disorders (OUD) and maintaining sobriety; however, there is a significant shortage of physicians formally trained in MAT. Objective : Wayne State University School of Medicine integrated the 8-hour MAT waiver training into its Internal Medicine clerkship curriculum. The objectives of integrating this into the curriculum were to (1) introduce opioid use education during students' Internal Medicine clerkship and (2) assess whether the curriculum prepares students to feel more comfortable evaluating and treating patients with OUD...
December 2021: Medical Education Online
Fiona Naumann, Robert Mullins, Andrea Cawte, Simon Beavis, Jane Musial, Mary Hannan-Jones
Interprofessional education (IPE), as preparation for interprofessional practice (IPP), is essential for quality, coordinated, outcome-focussed patient care. To develop capacity for IPP in future healthcare practitioners, IPE needs to be developed within curriculum and applied within authentic settings. The study aims were threefold: (a) determine if an established type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) exercise and healthy lifestyle program could be replicated and delivered at a satellite health precinct; (b) report on changes in students' attitudes to IPP in response to involvement in the program; (c) explore the perceptions of students in response to participation in the program whilst on placement...
November 21, 2020: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Shari Damast, Shira Felder, Emma Fields, Lisa Singer
PURPOSE: A decline in brachytherapy (BT) use for cervical cancer has negatively affected cure rates in the United States and abroad. To improve trainee exposure to BT, a simulation-based educational curriculum incorporating a pelvic mannequin was developed and implemented at several U.S. residency programs. We sought to describe an initial experience with deployment of this curriculum to an international setting. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The setting was in Israel, a middle eastern country with cervical cancer incidence of 5-8 cases per 100,000 women...
November 18, 2020: Brachytherapy
D V Trishkin, R G Makiev, T B Sviridova, N V Khan, N N Kamynina
The efficiency of health care and the quality of medical care can be improved by implementing modern management methods and technologies. It requires modern and high-quality training of medical management personnel. Qualified personnel are the key factor in the organization and transformation of the health system. Human resources ultimately ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of the entire health sector. Requirements to economic management methods are changing and increasing, and specialists with skills in managing medical organizations at different levels of the healthcare system are becoming in demand...
October 2020: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Walter T Lee, Ryan W Hill, Joydeep Baidya, Dinesh K Choudhry, B Randall Brenn
In patients with difficult airways, there can be difficulty with advancing the endotracheal tube into the airway even with a good view of the glottis using video laryngoscopy. The purpose of this study was to determine if the time required to intubate an airway and the number of gaze changes by the laryngoscopist could be decreased by using a novel video laryngoscope technique. Sixteen experienced Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists were recruited to intubate a manikin with a normal or difficult airway using both the laryngoscope first technique and a new endotracheal tube first technique (4 intubations total) in a randomized sequence...
December 2020: AANA Journal
Jeremy B Hatcher, Oluwadamilola Oladeru, Betty Chang, Sameeksha Malhotra, Megan Mcleod, Adam Shulman, Claire Dempsey, Layth Mula-Hussain, Michael Tassoto, Peter Sandwall, Sonja Dieterich, Lina Sulieman, Dante Roa, Benjamin Li
PURPOSE: Our objective was to demonstrate the efficacy of a telehealth training course on high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy for gynecologic cancer treatment for clinicians in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: A 12-week course consisting of 16 live video sessions was offered to 10 cancer centers in the Middle East, Africa, and Nepal. A total of 46 participants joined the course, and 22 participants, on average, attended each session. Radiation oncologists and medical physicists from 11 US and international institutions prepared and provided lectures for each topic covered in the course...
November 2020: JCO global oncology
Sarah M Dixon, Michael M Binkley, Sidney M Gospe, Réjean M Guerriero
BACKGROUND: Medical education, residency training, and the structure of child neurology residency training programs are evolving. We sought to evaluate how training program selection priorities of child neurology residency applicants have changed over time. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to child neurology residents and practicing child neurologists via the Professors of Child Neurology distribution list in the summer of 2018. It was requested that the survey be disseminated to current trainees and alumni of the programs...
September 30, 2020: Pediatric Neurology
Carmen Kessel, Michael John Atkinson, Thomas E Schmid, Klaus Trott, Jan J Wilkens, Natasa Anastasov, Michael Rosemann, Omid Azimzadeh, Soile Tapio, S Moertl, Ulrike Marianne Kulka, M Abend, Matthias Port, Christina Beinke, Mona Mustafa, Frauke Neff, Daniela Pfeiffer, Pascal Berberat, Stephanie E Combs
PURPOSE: The MSc Radiation Biology course is a highly interdisciplinary degree program placing radiation biology at the interface between biology, medicine, and physics, as well as their associated technologies. The goal was to establish an internationally acknowledged program with diverse and heterogeneous student cohorts, who benefit from each other academically as well as culturally. We have completed a Five-Year evaluation of the program to assess our qualification profile and the further direction we want to take...
November 19, 2020: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Charles J Goodacre, Brian J Goodacre, Nadim Z Baba
Digital complete dentures should be incorporated into a contemporary dental school education due to factors that include the substantial increase in the number of scientific publications devoted to digital dentures, the increased number of companies producing these prostheses, and the expanded use by practitioners. These factors increased recently due to multiple advantages of digital dentures that are described. Based on positive clinical experiences with such prostheses, preclinical curriculum changes were made with examples presented of both didactic and laboratory courses that now include digital dentures...
November 19, 2020: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
R B Hays, S Ramani, A Hassell
Health professions education is that part of the education system which applies educational philosophy, theory, principles and practice in a complex relationship with busy clinical services, where education is not the primary role. While the goals are clear-to produce the health workforce that society needs to improve health outcomes-both education and healthcare systems continue to evolve concurrently amidst changes in knowledge, skills, population demographics and social contracts. In observing a significant anniversary of this journal, which sits at the junction of education and healthcare systems, it is appropriate to reflect on how the relationship is evolving...
November 18, 2020: Advances in Health Sciences Education
Seema Jain, Robert Feldman, Andrew D Althouse, Carla Spagnoletti, Siobhan Proksell
Introduction: Primary care providers play a critical role in reducing patients' risk for cardiovascular disease, including providing dietary counseling. However, few physicians feel adequately trained to provide this counseling, and most internal medicine (IM) residencies do not offer nutrition education. Methods: We created an interactive, case-based activity for IM residents to improve the delivery of nutrition counseling to patients with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, overweight, and obesity...
November 11, 2020: MedEdPORTAL Publications
Lauren T Roth, Suzanne Friedman, Rachel Gordon, Marina Catallozzi
Introduction: To provide appropriate and sensitive care for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth, providers must learn specific skills and guidelines. Most medical schools lack formal education on LGBTQ health, particularly for adolescent patients. Methods: We developed an Introduction to LGBTQ Health course for fourth-year medical students as part of a monthlong Ready for Residency curriculum in March and April of their graduating year...
November 4, 2020: MedEdPORTAL Publications
John G Spangler, Catherine N Shull, Carol A Hildebrandt, Keli Beck Jones, Andrew L Brewer, Mark P Knudson, Gail S Marion, Julienne K Kirk
Introduction: In light of the opioid overdose epidemic in the US and the necessity of developing training to conduct difficult conversations around opioid dependence, three case-based videos were created to demonstrate providers using motivational interviewing (MI) with patients who have opioid use disorder (OUD). These vignettes displayed a primary care provider interacting with a patient seeking opioids. Methods: Learners-including third-year medical and physician assistant (PA) students, and family medicine residents-viewed three videos set in a family medicine clinic and assessed clinician use of MI when interacting with patients with OUD...
November 12, 2020: MedEdPORTAL Publications
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