Maj Vinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2020: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Drozdstoy Stoyanov, Paolo Brambilla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2020: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Wei-Chen Huang, Tzung-Hai Yen, Long Lin, Chemin Lin, Yeong-Yuh Juang, Bi-Hwa Wang, Shwu-Hua Lee
Purpose: Previous suicide behavior predicts future suicide risk. Studies of suicide repetition are important for suicide prevention. This study examined the clinical characteristics and psychiatric comorbidities of pesticide self-harm as associated with suicide attempt repetition status. Patients and Methods: This retrospective, observational study included patients admitted to a medical center in northern Taiwan between 2000 and 2015 following suicide attempts by pesticide...
2020: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Ida-Marie Mølstrøm, Mads Gram Henriksen, Julie Nordgaard
In everyday clinical work, psychiatrists encounter patients who present with symptoms spanning several diagnostic categories, e.g., showing signs of a psychosis, depression, and anxiety. This raises the critical question of which symptoms hold precedence over other and, by extension, which diagnosis is the right diagnosis. ICD-10 and DSM-5 do not provide unambiguous answers to this question and therefore psychiatry remains exposed to diagnostic disagreement with consequences for treatment and research. We explored symptom distribution in a sample of 98 first-admission psychiatric patients...
July 13, 2020: Psychiatry Research
Samuel Dotson, Samantha Ciarocco, Katherine A Koh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2020: Lancet Psychiatry
Aishah Snoek, Aartjan T F Beekman, Jack Dekker, Inga Aarts, Gerard van Grootheest, Matthijs Blankers, Chris Vriend, Odile van den Heuvel, Kathleen Thomaes
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is high. There is growing motivation among clinicians to offer PTSD treatments - such as Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) - to patients with PTSD and comorbid BPD. However, a large subgroup with comorbid BPD does not sufficiently respond to PTSD treatment and is more likely to be excluded or to dropout from treatment. Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) for BPD is well established and although there is some evidence that DBT combined with DBT Prolonged Exposure (DBT + DBT PE) is twice as effective in reducing PTSD symptoms than DBT alone, the comparative efficacy of integrated PTSD-DBT and PTSD-only treatment has not been investigated yet...
August 6, 2020: BMC Psychiatry
Rémy Potier
A new method of observation is currently emerging in psychiatry, based on data collection and behavioral profiling of smartphone users. Numerical phenotyping is a paradigmatic example. This behavioral investigation method uses computerized measurement tools in order to collect characteristics of different psychiatric disorders. First, it is necessary to contextualize the emergence of these new methods and to question their promises and expectations. The international mental health research framework invites us to reflect on methodological issues and to draw conclusions from certain impasses related to the clinical complexity of this field...
2020: Frontiers in Psychology
Yu-Tao Xiang, Na Zhao, Yan-Jie Zhao, Zihan Liu, Qinge Zhang, Yuan Feng, Xiao-Na Yan, Teris Cheung, Chee H Ng
The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic in China has presented substantial challenges to traditional forms of mental health service delivery. This review summarizes the expert consensus on the mental health treatment and services for severe psychiatric disorders during the COVID-19 outbreak developed by the Chinese Society of Psychiatry and other academic associations. The Expert Recommendations on Managing Patients with Mental Disorders during a Serious Infectious Disease Outbreak (COVID-19) outline the appropriate measures for psychiatric hospitals or psychiatric units in general hospitals, including the delivery of outpatient, inpatient, and community mental health services...
2020: International Journal of Biological Sciences
C Carey, E Doody, R McCafferty, M Madden, N Clendennen, D Lyons
OBJECTIVES.: Patients with psychiatric illness are at increased risk of developing non-psychiatric medical illnesses. There have been positive reports regarding the integration of primary care services into mental health facilities. Here, we evaluate the appropriateness of psychiatry non-consultant hospital doctors (NCHD) transfers to the local emergency department (ED) in the context of an in-house primary care service. METHODS.: We reviewed the inpatient transfers from St Patrick's University Hospital (SPUH) to the local ED at St James' Hospital (SJH) from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2017...
August 6, 2020: Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine
Sarah Holder
Personality disorders (PDs) have a prevalence of approximately 9% in the United States. Patients with these disorders frequently are encountered in the family medicine setting. It is thought that a combination of unknown genetic factors and life experiences, particularly adverse childhood experiences, contribute to PD development. The diagnosis of patients with PD is complex and should be performed by a psychiatry or psychology subspecialist. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) ( DSM-5 ) divides the 10 PDs into three clusters based on descriptive commonalities...
August 2020: FP Essentials
Kelsey Isbester, Samuel Boas, Lesley Summerville, Corinne Wee, Anand Kumar
In 2014, payments to medical providers from drug/device manufacturers were made public through the Open Payments Database. Although previous studies have used the Open Payments Database to describe relationships between specialties and industry, few have evaluated specific companies and the effect of their contributions. As a large contributor to industry payments in plastic surgery, Allergan, Inc represents a significant source of potential financial conflicts of interest in the field. In this study, we aimed to describe the quantity, type, and specific products associated with Allergan's payments to both plastic surgeons and physicians of other specialties...
July 27, 2020: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Ryo Iketani, Daisuke Furushima, Shinobu Imai, Hiroshi Yamada
INTRODUCTION: We performed a systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis to clarify the relative efficacy and safety of pimavanserin compared to atypical antipsychotics for psychosis in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Japana Centra Revuo Medicina Web were searched for relevant articles until October 31, 2019. Eligible randomized controlled trials were synthesized for efficacy (Brief Psychiatry Rating Scale [BPRS] and Clinical Global Impression Scale [CGI-S]) and safety (Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part III [UPDRS-III] and dropouts due to adverse events)...
July 24, 2020: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Xavier Boland, Luiz Dratcu
Psychiatric services that provide acute inpatient care have to respond to the challenges brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic to consistently deliver high standards of treatment to patients and ensure the safety of staff. This can only be achieved by fostering a culture that rewards initiative and empowers inpatient teams to implement and comply with changes which everyone understands and benefits from. The experience of an inner London acute psychiatric unit has shown the value of combining proactive leadership, multidisciplinary decision making and good communication in adapting services to an everchanging environment...
August 5, 2020: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Michael Maes, Sunee Sirivichayakul, Andressa Keiko Matsumoto, Ana Paula Michelin, Laura de Oliveira Semeão, João Victor de Lima Pedrão, Estefania G Moreira, Decio S Barbosa, Andre F Carvalho, Marco Solmi, Buranee Kanchanatawan
There is now evidence that schizophrenia and deficit schizophrenia are neuro-immune conditions and that oxidative stress toxicity (OSTOX) may play a pathophysiological role. Aims of the study: to compare OSTOX biomarkers and antioxidant (ANTIOX) defenses in deficit versus non-deficit schizophrenia. We examined lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), malondialdehyde (MDA), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), sulfhydryl (-SH) groups, paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity and PON1 Q192R genotypes, and total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP) as well as immune biomarkers in patients with deficit (n = 40) and non-deficit (n = 40) schizophrenia and healthy controls (n = 40)...
August 5, 2020: Molecular Neurobiology
Brandon Kitay, Andrés Martin, Julie Chilton, Doron Amsalem, Robbert Duvivier, Matthew Goldenberg
OBJECTIVE: Video-based depictions of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can be useful for educational purposes, but many of the readily available resources may worsen already stigmatized views of the procedure. Educators' common reliance on such material highlights the paucity of equipoised depictions of modern ECT well suited for the training of health professionals. The authors developed and tested a new educational module enhanced by videotaped depictions of a simulated patient undergoing the consent, treatment, recovery, and follow-up phases of ECT...
August 4, 2020: Academic Psychiatry
Kartik Singhai, Navratan Suthar, Pratibha Gehlawat
The three Ds of geriatric psychiatry-delirium, dementia, and depression are common and challenging diagnoses among elderly. Delirium is often difficult to diagnose and is an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality in older adults. Dementia also affects a significant number of older adults and is associated with delirium, depression, frailty, and failure to thrive. It is well known that depression too increases with increasing age. These three syndromes can exist simultaneously in the same patient, and often confer increased risk for each other, especially in the geriatric population...
May 2020: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Erika Pahuja, Santosh Kumar, Ajay Kumar, Fareed Uzzafar, Siddharth Sarkar, Narayana Manjunatha, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, C Naveen Kumar, Suresh Bada Math
Opioid use is a major problem in India and has high morbidity and mortality with a prevalence of 2.06%. There is a huge treatment gap for opioid use disorders (OUDs). Due to limited mental health resources and limited psychiatric training of medical practitioners in OUDs, a significant proportion of patients do not receive appropriate medical intervention. This article demonstrates how a primary care doctor working in a remote opioid substitution therapy (OST) clinic received assistance from the optional opioid module of clinical schedule for primary care psychiatry (CSP) and collaborative video consultation (CVC) module to address specific difficulties of patients already on Buprenorphine OST and improve the quality of care, thereby reducing chances of relapses...
July 2020: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Gennaro Catone, Antonella Gritti, Katia Russo, Pia Santangelo, Raffaella Iuliano, Carmela Bravaccio, Simone Pisano
Background : Psychosis recognizes an interaction between biological and social environmental factors. Adversities are now recognized to be consistently associated with psychotic-like experiences (PLEs). The purpose of this study was to describe the contents of paranoid symptoms and to focus on their relationship with bullying and victimization in help-seeking adolescents. Methods : Help-seeking adolescents who screened positive for PLEs participated in the study. They performed a battery self-report questionnaire for data collection (paranoia: the Specific Psychotic Experiences Questionnaire (SPEQ); the content of paranoid thoughts: the Details of Threat (DoT); bullying victimization: the Multidimensional Peer Victimization Scale (MPVS); depression: the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI); and anxiety: the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC))...
July 29, 2020: Behavioral Sciences
Juraj Kacur, Jaroslav Polec, Eva Smolejova, Anton Heretik
Currently psychiatry is a medical field lacking an automated diagnostic process. The presence of a mental disorder is established by observing its typical symptoms. Eye-movement specifics have already been established as a "endophenotype" for schizophrenia, but an automated diagnostic process of eye-movement analysis is still lacking. This article presents several novel approaches for the automatic detection of a schizophrenic disorder based on a free-view image test using a Rorschach inkblot and an eye tracker...
June 12, 2020: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Justin A Chen, Wei-Jean Chung, Sarah K Young, Margaret C Tuttle, Michelle B Collins, Sarah L Darghouth, Regina Longley, Raymond Levy, Mahdi Razafsha, Jeffrey C Kerner, Janet Wozniak, Jeff C Huffman
The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically transformed the U.S. healthcare landscape. Within psychiatry, a sudden relaxing of insurance and regulatory barriers during the month of March 2020 enabled clinicians practicing in a wide range of settings to quickly adopt virtual care in order to provide critical ongoing mental health supports to both existing and new patients struggling with the pandemic's impact. In this article, we briefly review the extensive literature supporting the effectiveness of telepsychiatry relative to in-person mental health care, and describe how payment and regulatory challenges were the primary barriers preventing more widespread adoption of this treatment modality prior to COVID-19...
July 9, 2020: General Hospital Psychiatry
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