Zavi Lakissian, Rami Sabouneh, Rida Zeineddine, Joe Fayad, Rim Banat, Rana Sharara-Chami
Background: COVID-19 has taken the world by surprise; even the most sophisticated healthcare systems have been unable to cope with the volume of patients and lack of resources. Yet the gradual spread of the virus in Lebanon has allowed healthcare facilities critical time to prepare. Simulation is the most practical avenue not only for preparing the staff but also for troubleshooting system's latent safety threats (LSTs) and for understanding these challenges via Hollnagel's safety I-II approaches...
2020: Advances in Simulation
Idit Shalev
Research on emotion suggests that individuals regulate their emotions to attain hedonic or instrumental goals. However, little is known of emotion regulation under low emotional clarity. The theory of motivated cue integration (MCI) suggests that emotion regulation under low emotional clarity should be understood as dissociation between a high-level individual hierarchical system of goals and low level interoceptive and exteroceptive embodied cues. MCI conceptualizes low emotional clarity as the product of low access to signals of emotion that result in prediction error associated with mismatch between the current bodily state and the predicted state...
2020: Frontiers in Psychology
Wanli Cai, Li Wu, Yibo Cui, Shunfan He
Different kinds of power quality can be sensed in a smart substation. Power quality sensing and analysis are basic functions of a smart substation for situation awareness. The uncertainty principle, which states that the time uncertainty and frequency uncertainty cannot be minimized simultaneously, is a bottleneck problem that undermines the faithfulness of sensing and confines the accuracy of analysis. This paper studies the influence of the uncertainty principle on the power quality monitoring issue in detail and solves the problem by ideal atomic decomposition (IAD)...
July 31, 2020: Sensors
Carlos Rubio-Sierra, Diego Domínguez, Jesús Gonzalo, Alberto Escapa
This paper presents a path planner solution that makes it possible to autonomously explore underground mines with aerial robots (typically multicopters). In these environments the operations may be limited by many factors like the lack of external navigation signals, the narrow passages and the absence of radio communications. The designed path planner is defined as a simple and highly computationally efficient algorithm that, only relying on a laser imaging detection and ranging (LIDAR) sensor with Simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) capability, permits the exploration of a set of single-level mining tunnels...
July 30, 2020: Sensors
Latesha Elopre, Corilyn Ott, Crystal Chapman Lambert, K Rivet Amico, P S Sullivan, J Marrazzo, Michael J Mugavero, Janet M Turan
In the United States, HIV infection rate inequities persist, with new infections highest among young, Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in the South. We conducted 23 in-depth interviews with YBMSM newly diagnosed with HIV to explore awareness of and barriers to uptake of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Participants were recruited from two university-based HIV Clinics in Alabama and were: (1) 16-29 years of age, (2) diagnosed with HIV within the prior 365 days, (3) Black race, (4) self-identified as a cis-gender male reporting sex with men AND (5) did not report prior PrEP use...
August 4, 2020: AIDS and Behavior
Ana D Jotic, Jovica P Milovanovic, Aleksandar S Trivic, Miljan M Folic, Sanja B Krejovic-Trivic, Zorana Z Radin, Marko N Buta, Biljana R Milicic
OBJECTIVE: In emergency airway management, the occurrence of surgical tracheotomy complications is increased and may be fatal for the patient. However, the factors that play a role in complication occurrence and lead to lethal outcome are not known. The objective of this study was to determine predictors associated with the occurrence of complications and mortality after emergency surgical tracheostomy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study with a systematic review of the literature...
August 4, 2020: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Yiming Wu, Omar El Farouk Bourahla, Xi Li, Fei Wu, Qi Tian, Xue Zhou
Recent years have witnessed the remarkable progress of applying deep learning models in video person re-identification (Re-ID). A key factor for video person Re-ID is to effectively construct discriminative and robust video feature representations for many complicated situations. Part-based approaches employ spatial and temporal attention to extract representative local features. While correlations between parts are ignored in the previous methods, to leverage the relations of different parts, we propose an innovative adaptive graph representation learning scheme for video person Re-ID, which enables the contextual interactions between relevant regional features...
June 17, 2020: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Yen Ting Lin, Jacob Neumann, Ely F Miller, Richard G Posner, Abhishek Mallela, Cosmin Stafa, Jaideep Ray, Gautam Thakur, Supriya Chinthavali, William S Hlavacek
To increase situational awareness and support evidence-based policy-making, we formulated two types of mathematical models for COVID-19 transmission within a regional population. One is a fitting function that can be calibrated to reproduce an epidemic curve with two timescales (e.g., fast growth and slow decay). The other is a compartmental model that accounts for quarantine, self-isolation, social distancing, a non-exponentially distributed incubation period, asymptomatic individuals, and mild and severe forms of symptomatic disease...
July 26, 2020: medRxiv: the preprint server for health sciences
Maurits Damoiseaux, William van Doorn, Ellen van Lochem, Jan Damoiseaux
Objective: Due to the high awareness of coeliac disease and improvement of serological tests, the number of requested laboratory tests has increased substantially over the years. In the current study we have evaluated the requesting behaviour of distinct clinical disciplines in relation to the prevalence of positive results and in the context of existing guidelines. Methods: Data were retrospectively extracted from the laboratory information system over a time-span of 5 years in a tertiary hospital and compared with the situation in a secondary hospital...
2020: Journal of translational autoimmunity
Yen Ting Lin, Jacob Neumann, Ely Miller, Richard G Posner, Abhishek Mallela, Cosmin Safta, Jaideep Ray, Gautam Thakur, Supriya Chinthavali, William S Hlavacek
To increase situational awareness and support evidence-based policy-making, we formulated two types of mathematical models for COVID-19 transmission within a regional population. One is a fitting function that can be calibrated to reproduce an epidemic curve with two timescales (e.g., fast growth and slow decay). The other is a compartmental model that accounts for quarantine, self-isolation, social distancing, a non-exponentially distributed incubation period, asymptomatic individuals, and mild and severe forms of symptomatic disease...
July 20, 2020: ArXiv
S Cong, N Wang, J Fan, B H Wang, H L Bao, X L Lyu, Y J Feng, T Yang, L H Wang, L W Fang
Objective: To understand the situation of respiratory rehabilitation and oxygen inhalation therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients aged 40 years or older in China, and provide basic information for the development of pulmonary rehabilitation. Methods: The data were from 2014-2015 COPD surveillance in China. Chinese residents aged 40 years or older were recruited through a complex multi-stage stratified cluster sampling from 125 COPD surveillance points in 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities)...
July 10, 2020: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Mathilde Horn, Thomas Fovet, Guillaume Vaiva, Pierre Thomas, Ali Amad, Fabien D'Hondt
BACKGROUND: Depersonalization is a complex phenomenological experience initially described as a psychological disturbance of self-awareness. Among the different dimensions underlying depersonalization, emotional numbing appears to be a key symptom but remains a poorly understood phenomenon. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review, following PRISMA guidelines, of studies investigating electrodermal activity, a well-documented marker of bodily arousal expression of emotion...
July 21, 2020: Journal of Affective Disorders
Abigale T Matulewicz, Victoria Hammond, Julie A Patterson, Laura Morgan Frankart, Krista L Donohoe
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Creative strategies can be employed to encourage development of affective domain skills. The purpose of this article is to describe and assess the creation of a written self-reflection assignment utilizing podcasts. Educational activity and setting: Second year pharmacy students (N = 122) in a skills laboratory course completed two written reflections that asked them to: (1) examine and reflect on personal beliefs, biases, motivations and emotions that were challenged while listening to a podcast; and (2) identify knowledge, skills, and abilities of a pharmacist that may impact the situation presented in the podcast...
October 2020: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Norma Huss, Moses N Ikiugu, Finola Hackett, Perry E Sheffield, Natasha Palipane, Jonathan Groome
A number of planetary boundaries, including climate change as a result of greenhouse gas emissions, has already been exceeded. This situation has deleterious consequences for public health. Paradoxically, 4.4% of these emissions are attributable to the healthcare sector. These problems have not been sufficiently acknowledged in health professions curricula. This paper addresses two main issues, humanistic learning and the application of knowledge acquisition to clinical practice. Humanistic learning principles can be used to emphasize learner-centered approaches, including knowledge acquisition and reflection to increase self-awareness...
July 31, 2020: Medical Teacher
Eduardo Reis, Patrícia Arriaga, Carla Moleiro, Xavier Hospital
Men who are victimized in their intimate different-sex (DS) and same-sex (SS) relationships often report not having information to help them escape their abusive situations. To overcome this lack of information, public awareness campaigns have been created. But thus far, there is no clear understanding of how these campaigns reflect theoretical principles central to improve message effectiveness and avoid undesired negative effects. This study aims to review the content of intimate partner violence (IPV) pictorial campaigns focusing on victimized men in DS and SS relationships...
2020: Frontiers in Psychology
Viviana Davalos-Batallas, Ana-Magdalena Vargas-Martínez, Patricia Bonilla-Sierra, Fatima Leon-Larios, Maria-de-Las-Mercedes Lomas-Campos, Silvia-Libertad Vaca-Gallegos, Rocio de Diego-Cordero
Objective: This study aimed at exploring the compassion attitudes and needs for awareness and training related to a compassionate approach for Medicine, Nursing, and Psychology students, as well as for the academic and administration personnel from the Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL, Ecuador) Health Sciences area. Methods : A cross-sectional observational study, based on a self-administered questionnaire through a sample of 788 UPTL students. STROBE guidelines were followed and applied. Results: A positive correlation was found between life engagement and compassion for others, from others, and self-compassion...
July 28, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Alessandro Bosco, Justine Schneider, Claudio Di Lorito, Emma Broome, Donna Maria Coleston-Shields, Martin Orrell
Dementia leads to progressive critical situations that can escalate to a crisis episode if not adequately managed. A crisis may also resolve spontaneously, or not resolve after receiving professional support. Because of the intensity of the crisis, the extent to which the person engages in decision making for their own care is often decreased. In UK mental health services, 'crisis teams' work to avert the breakdown of support arrangements and to avoid admissions to hospital or long-term care where possible...
July 28, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ariel R Green, Cynthia M Boyd, Kathy S Gleason, Leslie Wright, Courtney R Kraus, Ruth Bedoy, Bianca Sanchez, Jonathan Norton, Orla C Sheehan, Jennifer L Wolff, Emily Reeve, Matthew L Maciejewski, Linda A Weffald, Elizabeth A Bayliss
BACKGROUND: Patients with dementia and multiple chronic conditions (MCC) frequently experience polypharmacy, increasing their risk of adverse drug events. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate patient, family, and physician perspectives on medication discontinuation and recommended language for deprescribing discussions in order to inform an intervention to increase awareness of deprescribing among individuals with dementia and MCC, family caregivers and primary care physicians...
July 29, 2020: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Omid Dadras, Fateme Dadras, Ziba Taghizade, Seyedahmad Seyedalinaghi, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara, Takeo Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Almost a third of Afghan women living in Iran are at childbearing age. Antenatal care (ANC) is an inextricable part of healthy pregnancy and could prevent the adverse birth outcomes. Almost 97% of Iranian expectant women are receiving adequate ANC (4 or more visits). However, the situation for pregnant Afghan women is unclear. Some studies indicated low access to ANC among Afghan women. In the present study, we aimed to explore the sociodemographic factors and potential barriers associated with adequate ANC among Afghan women in Iran...
July 28, 2020: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Gianluca Tamagno, Anna Bennett, Ivan Ivanovski
INTRODUCTION: Neuroendocrine tumors of the appendix are a relatively frequent type of neuroendocrine tumor, usually detected incidentally after appendectomy. Almost all small slow-growing G1 tumors with no risk factors are cured with appendectomy while the rare and aggressive G3 carcinomas may represent a challenge in terms of management and often lead to a poor outcome. In the middle of the spectrum, a number of tumors present with in-between features and sometimes no clear-cut guidance emerges from the literature for directing the management and follow-up of these patients...
July 23, 2020: Minerva Endocrinologica
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