Aditya Bhat, Gary C H Gan, Henry H L Chen, Shaun Khanna, Vipul Mahajan, Arnav Gupta, Camelia Burdusel, Nigel Wolfe, Lina Lee, Maria Carmo P Nunes, Cesar Augusto Taconeli, José Luiz Padilha da Silva, Timothy C Tan
AIMS: Echocardiographic measures of left heart size and function have long been associated with cardioembolic mechanisms of stroke development, however, the diagnostic performance and comparison of measures of atrial function in this context has not been well studied. We sought to evaluate the diagnostic performance of left atrial reservoir strain (LASr) in identification of cardioembolism in the ischaemic stroke population relative to traditional measures of left heart size and function...
January 2024: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Malgorzata Wamil, Marcos Goncalves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2024: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Matteo Mazzola, Cristina Giannini, Alessandro Sticchi, Paolo Spontoni, Nicola Riccardo Pugliese, Luna Gargani, Marco De Carlo
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) carries an unfavourable prognosis and often leads to progressive right ventricular (RV) failure. Secondary TR accounts for over 90% of cases and is caused by RV and/or tricuspid annulus dilation, in the setting of left heart disease or pulmonary hypertension. Surgical treatment for isolated TR entails a high operative risk and is seldom performed. Recently, transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) has emerged as a low-risk alternative treatment in selected patients. Although the experience gained from mitral TEER has paved the way for the technique's adaptation to the tricuspid valve (TV), its anatomical complexity necessitates precise imaging...
January 2024: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Carmela Tarsia, Carlo Gaspardone, Antonella De Santis, Emanuela D'Ascoli, Fabiana Piccioni, Gregory Angelo Sgueglia, Maria Iamele, Stefania Leonetti, Maria Benedetta Giannico, Achille Gaspardone
AIMS: Suture-mediated patent fossa ovalis (PFO) closure is a recent technique, achieving closure by means of a simple suture. The differences between traditional occluders and suture might have different impacts on atrial function. The aim of this study was to evaluate atrial function after PFO closure by direct suture and traditional occluders. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied 40 patients, 20 undergoing PFO closure by occluder and 20 by suture. Trans-thoracic echocardiography was carried out the day before and 1 year after the procedure...
January 2024: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Yannan Pan, Jiandan Qian, Guiqiang Wang, Hong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis caused by Streptococcus sinensis is exceedingly rare, with only limited cases reported. Here, we present the first documented case of prosthetic valve endocarditis attributed to Streptococcus sinensis . CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old Chinese female was admitted with a 45-day history of intermittent fever. The presumed diagnosis was a pulmonary infection and antibiotic therapies failed to alleviate her symptoms. On admission, infective endocarditis was suspected, considering the history of aortic valve replacement and recent dental procedure without prophylactic antibiotics...
2024: Infection and Drug Resistance
Andrea Barbieri, Francesca Mantovani, Quirino Ciampi, Agata Barchitta, Giorgio Faganello, Sofia Miceli, Vito Maurizio Parato, Antonio Tota, Giuseppe Trocino, Francesco Antonini-Canterin, Scipione Carerj, Mauro Pepi
AIMS: Advanced echocardiographic imaging (AEI) techniques, such as three-dimensional (3D) and multi-chamber speckle-tracking deformation imaging (strain) analysis, have been shown to be more accurate in assessing heart chamber geometry and function when compared with conventional echocardiography providing additional prognostic value. However, incorporating AEI alongside standard examinations may be heterogeneous between echo laboratories (echo labs). Thus, our goal was to gain a better understanding of the many AEI modalities that are available and employed in Italy...
September 2023: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Daniel J Bowen, Robert M Kauling, Chiara Pelosi, Lourus van Haveren, Jackie S McGhie, Judith A A E Cuypers, Alexander Hirsch, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Annemien E van den Bosch
AIMS: Advanced transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) using volumetric and deformational indices provides detailed quantification of right ventricular (RV) function in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). Two-dimensional multi-plane echocardiography (2D-MPE) has demonstrated regional wall differences in RV longitudinal strain (LS). This study aims to evaluate the association of these parameters with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS AND RESULTS: One-hundred stable ACHD patients with primarily affected RVs were included (age 50 ± 5 years; 53% male)...
September 2023: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Sigbjorn Sabo, David Pasdeloup, Hakon Neergaard Pettersen, Erik Smistad, Andreas Østvik, Sindre Hellum Olaisen, Stian Bergseng Stølen, Bjørnar Leangen Grenne, Espen Holte, Lasse Lovstakken, Havard Dalen
AIMS: Impaired standardization of echocardiograms may increase inter-operator variability. This study aimed to determine whether the real-time guidance of experienced sonographers by deep learning (DL) could improve the standardization of apical recordings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients ( n = 88) in sinus rhythm referred for echocardiography were included. All participants underwent three examinations, whereof two were performed by sonographers and the third by cardiologists...
September 2023: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Ricardo Goncalves, Ruchika Meel
Infective endocarditis (IE) in the context of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an emerging clinical entity. If not identified timeously, it is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Herein, we provide an overview of the literature supported by a clinical vignette, and highlight the importance of early recognition and management of IE in the context of COVID-19 infection.
September 2023: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Xu Wang, Steele C Butcher, Rinchyenkhand Myagmardorj, Sophie I E Liem, Victoria Delgado, Jeroen J Bax, Jeska K De Vries-Bouwstra, Nina Ajmone Marsan
AIMS: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has emerged as a mediator between systemic inflammatory disorders and cardiovascular disease, and may therefore play a role in the pathophysiology of cardiac involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between EAT and left ventricular (LV) function, and to determine the prognostic value of EAT in patients with SSc. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients with SSc who underwent non-contrast thorax computed tomography and echocardiography were included...
September 2023: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Lorenzo R Sewanan, Marco R Di Tullio, Andrew F Laine, Belinda D'Souza, Jay Leb, Alexander Mironov, Ahsan Khan, Dylan E Stanger, Elisa E Konofagou, Rochelle L Goldsmith, Sachin R Jambawalikar, Cole B Hirschfeld, Michelle Castillo, Kathleen J Durkin, Stephen Dashnaw, J Thomas Vaughan, Andrew J Einstein
AIMS: Many patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), particularly from the pandemic's early phase, have been reported to have evidence of cardiac injury such as cardiac symptoms, troponinaemia, or imaging or ECG abnormalities during their acute course. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) have been widely used to assess cardiac function and structure and characterize myocardial tissue during COVID-19 with report of numerous abnormalities. Overall, findings have varied, and long-term impact of COVID-19 on the heart needs further elucidation...
September 2023: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Mark Westwood, Ana G Almeida, Emanuele Barbato, Victoria Delgado, Santo Dellegrottaglie, Kevin F Fox, Luna Gargani, Kurt Huber, Pál Maurovich-Horvat, Jose L Merino, Richard Mindham, Denisa Muraru, Lis Neubeck, Robin Nijveldt, Michael Papadakis, Gianluca Pontone, Susanna Price, Giuseppe M C Rosano, Alexia Rossi, Leyla Elif Sade, Jeanette Schulz-Menger, Franz Weidinger, Stephan Achenbach, Steffen E Petersen
Imaging plays an integral role in all aspects of managing heart disease and cardiac imaging is a core competency of cardiologists. The adequate delivery of cardiac imaging services requires expertise in both imaging methodology-with specific adaptations to imaging of the heart-as well as intricate knowledge of heart disease. The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging have developed and implemented a successful education and certification programme for all cardiac imaging modalities...
September 2023: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Nareen Kader, Liv Therese Holm-Nielsen, Bhupendar Tayal, Sam Riahi, Anders Sommer, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Mads Brix Kronborg, Charlotte Stephansen, Niels Holmark Andersen, Niels Risum, Peter Søgaard, Tomas Zaremba
AIMS: Currently, electrical rather than mechanical parameters of delayed left ventricular (LV) activation are used for patient selection for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). However, despite adhering to current guideline-based criteria, about one-third of heart failure (HF) patients fail to derive benefit from CRT. This study sought to investigate the prognostic survival significance of a recently introduced index of contractile asymmetry (ICA) based on the deformation of entire opposing LV walls in the context of selecting patients with HF and left bundle branch abnormality (LBBB) for CRT...
September 2023: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
S A van Blydenstein, S Omar, B Jacobson, C N Menezes, R Meel
AIMS: The right ventricle is affected by Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) via multiple mechanisms, which can result in right ventricular dysfunction (RVD). This study aimed to provide an assessment of right heart function using conventional echocardiography and advanced strain imaging, in patients with hypoxic pneumonia during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was an observational, prospective, single-centre study, including adults with hypoxic pneumonia, in two groups: COVID-19 pneumonia; and non-COVID-19 pneumonia...
September 2023: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
YuZhi Phuah, Ying Xin Tan, Sheref Zaghloul, Sharmaine Sim, Joshua Wong, Saba Usmani, Lily Snell, Karish Thavabalan, Carmen Lucia García-Pérez, Niraj S Kumar, Hannah Glatzel, Reubeen Rashid Ahmad, Luciano Candilio, Jonathan J H Bray, Mahmood Ahmed, Rui Providencia
Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the most commonly used imaging modality to diagnose left ventricular thrombus (LVT), however, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) remains the gold standard investigation. A comparison of the diagnostic performance between two modalities is needed to inform guidelines on a diagnostic approach towards LVT. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the diagnostic performance of three methods of TTE (non-contrast, contrast, and apical wall motion scoring) for the detection of LVT compared to CMR as a reference test...
September 2023: Eur Heart J Imaging Methods Pract
Ryoji Kinoshita, Taiju Watanabe, Ryumon Matsumoto, Kazunobu Hirooka
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are widely used in cardiovascular medicine. Although rivaroxaban has potential benefits for anticoagulation in certain contexts, DOACs remain contraindicated in patients with mechanical heart valves. This case report highlights the life-threatening risks of rivaroxaban use in patients with mechanical aortic valves, underscoring the lack of proven efficacy and the necessity of adhering to established anticoagulation protocols with warfarin for this patient population. Here, we report a case of a 65-year-old man who had previously undergone aortic valve replacement and developed a thrombus in the mechanical aortic valve six months after switching from warfarin to rivaroxaban...
July 2024: Curēus
Juan Liu, Yixuan Wang, Jun Zhang, Xin Li, Lin Tan, Haiyun Huang, Yang Dai, Yongning Shang, Ying Shen
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fcvm.2023.1109946.].
2024: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Satoshi Aihara, Yoshinobu Nakayama, Yasufumi Nakajima, Takatoshi Tsujimoto, Koichi Akiyama
The treatment for ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) involves a combination of medical management and, in certain cases, surgical intervention. The approach depends on the severity of the condition, underlying causes, and the patient's overall health. A 76-year-old male with heart failure refractory to medical management because of ischemic MR was considered for a mitral valve repair surgery with a posterior mitral leaflet augmentation technique. Following the repair of the mitral valve and the cessation of the initial cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), a prolapse of the posterior mitral leaflet, which had not been detected before the surgery, was revealed by intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)...
June 2024: Curēus
Hiroki Shibata, Akiko Noda, Yuji Nishizawa, Atsuki Ito, Takahiro Okumura, Katsunori Hashimoto, Kozue Takeda, Kimiaki Katanosaka, Fumihiko Yasuma, Shiyong Wu
Insufficient exposure to sunlight increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Hypertensive left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy exacerbates the risks of myocardial ischemia, ventricular arrhythmias, sudden cardiac death, and heart failure. This study aimed to determine the effects of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation on LV hypertrophy and mitochondrial morphology. Eighteen 7-week-old Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rats were categorized into three groups (n = 6 each) and fed sodium chloride (NaCl) diets, as follows: UV-irradiated [UVB+A (+), 8% NaCl], non-UV-irradiated [UV (-), 8% NaCl], and control [UV (-), 0...
July 23, 2024: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Carlos Rodríguez-López, Jorge Balaguer Germán, Ana Venegas Rodríguez, Rocío Carda Barrio, Hans Paul Gaebelt Slocker, Ana María Pello Lázaro, Marta López Castillo, Bárbara Soler Bonafont, Mónica Recio Vázquez, Mikel Taibo Urquía, María González Piña, Emilio González Parra, José Tuñón, Álvaro Aceña
AIMS: Heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) is an entity with poor prognosis characterized by decompensations. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is used to assess volume overload (VO) and may be useful to identify apparently stable HF outpatients at risk of decompensation. The aim of this study is to analyse whether VO assessed by BIA is associated with worsening heart failure (WHF) in stable outpatients with HF and reduced LVEF (HFrEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a prospective single-centre observational study...
July 23, 2024: ESC Heart Failure
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