R Durieux, N Sakalihasan, J O Defraigne
Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a chronic degenerative disease that is usually silent until rupture occurs and this complication is still associated in contemporary era with a high rate of mortality. Screening programmes for abdominal aortic aneurysm have been shown to be effective in reducing global mortality in the screened population but these programmes are poorly implemented in the Western countries. As coronary artery disease and abdominal aorta aneurysmal disease share many risk factors, the cardiologist is centrally positioned in the screening strategy, not only to identify patients with higher risk of developing abdominal aortic aneurysm, but also to perform an opportunistic screening during echocardiography...
February 24, 2021: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
O Zahdi, Y Tijani, M Hormat-Allah, H El Bhali, S El Khloufi, Y Sefiani, A El Mesnaoui, B Lekehal
Arterial involvement in Behçet's disease is rare, the aortic localization is one of the most severe manifestations of the disease. We present an exceptional case of Behçet's disease revealed by two infrarenal abdominal aorta aneurysms, associated to a femoral artery pseudoaneurysm. The management of aneurysms in Behçet's disease is delicate, and requires the combination of surgical treatment with adjuvant medical drug therapy in order to reduce complications risk.
February 23, 2021: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Sonja Salinger-Martinovic, Vladan Cosic, Nenad Stojiljkovic, Sonja Ilic, Nikola Stojanovic, Tijana Dencic
Doxorubicin is an anticancer agent that is commonly used to treat a number of tumors and is associated with acute and chronic changes of the cardiovascular system. Ellagic acid has strong free radical scavenging capacity, neuroprotective and hepatoprotective effects, and is known to protect against changes occurring due to diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Twenty-four Wistar rats were divided in four groups: control group received saline, doxorubicin group received doxorubicin in a single dose of 20 mg/kg, ellagic acid group received ellagic acid in a dose of 4 mg/kg, and doxorubicin + ellagic acid group received doxorubicin and ellagic acid in same doses as in previous groups...
January 29, 2021: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Cem Dogan, Zubeyde Bayram, Süleyman Cagan Efe, Rezzan Deniz Acar, Ibrahim Halil Tanboga, Ali Karagoz, Nuri Havan, Tanıl Ozer, Abdulkair Uslu, Mehmet Kaan Kırali, Cihangir Kaymaz, Nihal Ozdemir
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: In this study we assessed the prognostic value of main pulmonary artery diameter and its ratio to ascending aorta diameter (P/Ao ratio) in advanced heart failure patients. METHODS: Patients with advanced heart failure who were candidates for heart transplantation were retrospectively evaluated. The clinical information, cardiac catheterisation results, and computed tomography images were gathered from institutional database system. The observed and predicted probabilities for survival were analysed in a nomogram...
January 27, 2021: Acta Cardiologica
Sonja Ilic, Nenad Stojiljkovic, Nikola Stojanovic, Milan Stoiljkovic, Katarina Mitic, Sonja Salinger-Martinovic, Pavle Randjelovic
Oleuropein (OLE) is the main bioactive ingredient in the leaves of the olive plant Olea europaea L. (Oleaceae), which has proven beneficial due to the antiinflammatory, antiatherogenic, anticancer, antimicrobial, and antiviral effects. This study aimed to investigate the antihypertensive and vasodilator potential of OLE by analyzing its acute effects on spontaneous atrial contractions and vasomotor responses of the isolated thoracic aorta in rats. We showed that the application of OLE induces negative chronotropic and inotropic effects on the heart...
January 15, 2021: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Mehmet Ali Koç, Omer Arda Cetinkaya, Evren Üstüner, A Gülsen Ceyhun Peker, Mehmet Uungan, Uğur Bengisun
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in Turkish men aged 60 years and older and the factors associated with AAA. METHODS: Through sixty-two family health centers located in the Kecioren district of Ankara, 239 male volunteers of the target age were recruited for this pilot study. The volunteers were scanned using B-mode ultrasonography. An aorta of 3 cm or larger in outer to outer diameter was accepted as having AAA...
January 2021: Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Jonathan N Flyer, Lynn A Sleeper, Steven D Colan, Michael N Singh, Ronald V Lacro
Bicuspid aortic valve aortopathy is defined by dilation of the aortic root (AoRt) and/or ascending aorta (AsAo), and increases risk for aortic aneurysm and dissection. The effects of medical prophylaxis on aortic growth rates in moderate to severe bicuspid aortopathy have not yet been evaluated. This was a single-center retrospective study of young patients (1 day to 29 years) with bicuspid aortopathy (AoRt or AsAo z-score ≥ 4 SD, or absolute dimension ≥ 4 cm), treated with either losartan or atenolol. Maximal diameters and BSA-adjusted z-scores obtained from serial echocardiograms were utilized in a mixed linear effects regression model...
April 1, 2021: American Journal of Cardiology
María Elena Arnaiz-Garcia, Francisco Javıer López-Rodríguez, Soraya Merchán-Gómez, Javier Arnaiz, José María González Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2020: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Barry Ibrahima Sory, Balde El Hadj Yaya, Camara Abdoulaye, Samoura Aly, Koivogui Diarra, Koivogui Kokoulo, Soumaoro Morlaye, Sylla Djibril, Bah Mamadou Bassirou, Beavogui Mariame, Balde Mamadou Dadhi, Conde Mamady
Takayasu´s disease (TD) is a chronic inflammatory arteriopathy affecting the aorta, its main branches and the pulmonary arteries. It was first described in 1908 by the Japanese ophthalmologist Mikito Takayasu. The study involved a 78-year-old patient with no known history of cardiovascular disease, admitted with abdominal pain, pain in the right lower limb when walking, insomnia. These symptoms had progressed over 1 year. Physical examination showed normal heart rate of 87 beats per minute without pathological noises, with absence of right pedal pulse, blood pressure 120/78 mmhg, free lungs, flexible abdomen, and a beating mass in the right iliac fossa whose auscultation showed continuous murmur...
2020: Pan African Medical Journal
N Wiktorczyk, J Kwiecińska-Piróg, K Skowron, A Michalska, P Zalas-Więcek, A Białucha, A Budzyńska, K Grudlewska-Buda, M Prażyńska, E Gospodarek-Komkowska
AIMS: The aim of the study was microbiological evaluation of the efficacy of cleaning and disinfection of endoscopes carried out with the use of endoscope washer-disinfector EndoCleaner and evaluation of the endoscope storage cabinet providing a controlled environment. METHODS AND RESULTS: The efficacy evaluation of endoscope cleaning and disinfection using the endoscope washer-disinfector EndoClener (AORT) was carried out in accordance with the PN-EN ISO 15883 standard, and the validity of endoscope storage cabinet (TRIBO LLC) was evaluated in accordance with the PN-EN 16442 standard...
December 19, 2019: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Şeyda Günay, N Sümeyye Güllülü
There is an increase in the number of older persons worldwide. Because of this in the future we will much more manage the diseases which are more commonly seen in elderly in daily practice. One of the mortal diseases commonly seen in elderly patients is aortic aneurysm. Aort aneurysms are vary rare in patients under 50 age. When a patient over 65 age is examined, aortic aneurysm should take place in differential diagnosis list. aneurysm may be seen at both thoracic and abdominal aorta, but abdominal aorta is a more common site...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Gökhan Lafci, Eren Gunertem, Serpil Sahin, Garip Altintas, Mahmut Ulaş
The surgical treatment of diffuse thoracic aortic pathologies remains a challenge in aortic surgery for surgeons. Traditionally, these aortic diseases are treated with a 2-step approach known as the "elephant trunk procedure." This technique gives us an opportunity for the construction of the distal anastomosis during the initial operation. However, this staged approach is associated with a substantial overall mortality and morbidity. In order to improve the outcomes, few single-stage repair methods have been tried...
October 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Daniele Tibullo, Nunzia Caporarello, Cesarina Giallongo, Carmelina Daniela Anfuso, Claudia Genovese, Carmen Arlotta, Fabrizio Puglisi, Nunziatina L Parrinello, Vincenzo Bramanti, Alessandra Romano, Gabriella Lupo, Valeria Toscano, Roberto Avola, Maria Violetta Brundo, Francesco Di Raimondo, Salvatore Antonio Raccuia
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal B-cell malignancy characterized by an accumulation of clonal plasma cells (PC) in the bone marrow (BM) leading to bone destruction and BM failure. Despite recent advances in pharmacological therapy, MM remains a largely incurable pathology. Therefore, novel effective and less toxic agents are urgently necessary. In the last few years, pomegranate has been studied for its potential therapeutic properties including treatment and prevention of cancer. Pomegranate juice (PGJ) contains a number of potential active compounds including organic acids, vitamins, sugars, and phenolic components that are all responsible of the pro-apoptotic effects observed in tumor cell line...
October 1, 2016: Nutrients
Christos V Ioannou, Nikolaos Kontopodis, Efstratios Georgakarakos, Elias Kehagias, Eleni Metaxa, Stella Lioudaki, Yannis Papaharilaou, Dimitrios Tsetis
PURPOSE: To investigate if the routine use of an aortic balloon within 15-30 min after Ovation stent graft ring inflation would resolve any inflow stenosis, which may reach 60 %, at the level of the sealing rings. Moreover, we estimated the potential hemodynamic compromise in these patients during rest and exercise. METHODS: Following 3-dimensional reconstruction of AAA models, cross-sectional area of the infrarenal aorta just proximal the sealing mechanism (A aort, R aort, respectively) and internal area at the site of stenosis (A int, R int, respectively) were measured for 83...
November 2016: La Radiologia Medica
A Benyahia Mostefaoui, M Y Lamri Senhadji
OBJECTIFS: Voir si les protéines de sardine comparées à la caséine, combinées aux lipides du lait ou à l'huile de sardine peuvent moduler différemment la dyslipidémie et atténuer le stress oxydatif induit par un régime athérogène. MéTHODES: Des rats mâles (n=24) pesant 200±10g sont divisés en 4 groupes et reçoivent pendant 28 jours, 20 % de protéines de sardine ou de caséine combinées à 5 % d'huile de sardine (PsHS et casHS) ou de lipides du lait (PsLL et casLL). Les 4 régimes sont supplémentés avec 1 % de cholestérol et 0,5 % d'acide cholique...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Kazim Ergunes, Levent Yilik, Ihsan Peker, Koksal Donmez, Ali Gurbuz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2015: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Bekir Serhat Yildiz, Yusuf Izzettin Alihanoglu, Ihsan Alur, Harun Evrengul, Dayimi Kaya
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is preferred to treat high surgical risk patients with severe aort stenosis. Wrapping of a pig tail catheter with device struts during transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a very rare complication. In this report, we present the images and videos of an attempt of retrieval of an aortic valve wrapped with pig tail catheter during transcatheter aortic valve implantation in a 71-year-old man.
September 2015: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Vassilis Kontaxakis, George Konstantakopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Qing Qin, Ming Chen, Bing Yi, Xiaohua You, Ping Yang, Jianxin Sun
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) produced by vascular endothelial cells plays essential roles in the regulation of vascular tone and development of cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this study is to identify novel regulators implicated in the regulation of ET-1 expression in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). By using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we show that either ectopic expression of orphan nuclear receptor Nur77 or pharmacological activation of Nur77 by 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) substantially inhibits ET-1 expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), under both basal and thrombin-stimulated conditions...
December 2014: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Hülya Elbe, Nigar Vardı, Doğan Orman, Elif Taşlıdere, Azibe Yıldız
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus is one of the chronic metabolic diseases which is characterized by microvascular and macrovascular complications. This study was designed to investigate the improving the effects of amnioguanidine on aortic damage in a streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rat model. METHODS: Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats divided into four groups as follows: Control, Aminoguanidine, Diabetes, and Diabetes+Aminoguanidine. Experimental diabetes was induced by single dose STZ (45 mg/kg) intraperitoneally...
December 2014: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology: AKD
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