Jennifer L Guelfo, Stephen Korzeniowski, Marc A Mills, Janet Anderson, Richard H Anderson, Jennifer A Arblaster, Jason M Conder, Ian T Cousins, Kavitha Dasu, Barbara J Henry, Linda S Lee, Jinxia Liu, Erica R McKenzie, Janice Willey
A Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Focused Topic Meeting (FTM) on the environmental management of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) convened during August 2019 in Durham, North Carolina (US). Experts from around the globe were brought together to critically evaluate new and emerging information on PFAS including chemistry, fate, transport, exposure, and toxicity. After plenary presentations, breakout groups were established and tasked to identify and adjudicate via panel discussions overarching conclusions and relevant data gaps...
July 29, 2021: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Steve Kisely, Ratilal Lalloo
BACKGROUND: Attendances at emergency departments (EDs) for dental conditions are unnecessary and come at a significant cost to health services. METHODS: A population-based record-linkage analysis of a retrospective cohort over 2 years across state-based facilities in Queensland. This was to determine if people with mental illness were more likely than the general population to attend EDs for a range of non-traumatic or avoidable dental conditions. RESULTS: There were 1,381,428 individuals in the linked database, of whom 177,157 (13%) had a psychiatric history and 22,046 (1...
July 29, 2021: Australian Dental Journal
Gogi Kumar, Asia M Payne, Logan Mark Maag, Sarah MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a pediatric headache infusion center (HIC) in alleviating the symptoms and preventing future visits to the emergency department (ED). BACKGROUND: Headache is a common reason for visits to the pediatric ED. ED visits are associated with inordinate costs of care and are conceived by parents to be avoidable if adequate alternatives are available. An infusion center for acute treatment of intractable headache in children with chronic migraine may be an effective alternative to an ED visit...
July 29, 2021: Headache
Makobu Kimani, Eduard J Sanders, Oscar Chirro, Nana Mukuria, Shally Mahmoud, Tobias F Rinke de Wit, Susan M Graham, Don Operario, Elise M van der Elst
Transgender women (TW) and men who have sex with men (MSM) in Kenya are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and would benefit substantially from pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). We conducted focus group discussions (FGDs) with healthcare providers (HCPs) and TW/MSM leadership and in-depth interviews (IDIs) with PrEP-experienced MSM and TW to learn about perceived and actual barriers to PrEP programming. Eleven HCP and 10 TW/MSM leaders participated in FGDs before PrEP roll-out (January 2018) and 12 months later...
July 29, 2021: International Health
Leander Mancel, Kathleen Van Loon, Ana M Lopez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols and interventional locoregional anesthesia (LRA) techniques continuously evolve. This review outlines the latest recommendations for the use of regional anesthesia in ERAS protocols and emerging interventional analgesia techniques. RECENT FINDINGS: Research in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia has led to a refinement of the traditional techniques and the introduction of a number of new approaches to complement ERAS strategies...
July 27, 2021: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Levin Garip, Angela L Balocco, Sam Van Boxstael
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on pain management options with regional anesthesia for patients with hip fractures at the emergency department (ED). RECENT FINDINGS: Patients who sustain a hip fracture are typically admitted and diagnosed in the ED before being transferred to the operating room for surgery. Studies have clearly demonstrated the ability of the fascia iliaca compartment blocks (FICBs) and femoral nerve blocks (FNBs) to reduce pain and the risk of an acute confusional state...
July 27, 2021: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Amanda Quintairos, Fernando G Zampieri, Vicente Cés Souza-Dantas, Jorge I F Salluh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2021: Critical Care Medicine
Hallie C Prescott, Mitchell M Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2021: Critical Care Medicine
Christopher P Robinson, Katharina M Busl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2021: Critical Care Medicine
Roshni C Mansfield, Nandita Kaza, Anna Charalambous, Andrew C Milne, Sundar Sathiyamurthy, Jayanta Banerjee
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and meta-analyze the validity of electrical bioimpedance-based noninvasive cardiac output monitoring in pediatrics compared with standard methods such as thermodilution and echocardiography. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE (2000-2019). STUDY SELECTION: Method-comparison studies of transthoracic electrical velocimetry or whole body electrical bioimpedance versus standard cardiac output monitoring methods in children (0-18 yr old) were included...
July 29, 2021: Critical Care Medicine
Rebecca A Aslakson, Christopher E Cox, Judith G Baggs, J Randall Curtis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2021: Critical Care Medicine
Jacob D Schultz, Andrew B Rees, Lucas C Wollenman, Lydia J McKeithan, Vaibhav R Tadepalli, Bronson C Wessinger, Graham Attipoe, James C Gay, Jeffrey E Martus, Stephanie N Moore-Lotridge, Jonathan G Schoenecker
BACKGROUND: Elbow fractures are the most common pediatric fractures requiring operative treatment. To date, few studies have examined what annual factors drive pediatric elbow fracture incidence and no studies have examined which annual factors drive elbow fracture severity or resource utilization. The goal of this study was to not only document the annual patterns of pediatric elbow fracture incidence and severity but also the impact of these patterns on resource utilization in the emergency department, emergency medical service transportation, and the operating room (OR)...
July 29, 2021: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Benjamin O Torres Salazar, Simon Heilbronner, Andreas Peschel, Bernhard Krismer
Various Staphylococcus species colonize skin and upper airways of warm-blooded animals. They compete successfully with many other microorganisms under the hostile and nutrient-poor conditions of these habitats using mechanisms that we are only beginning to appreciate. Small-molecule mediators, whose biosynthesis requires complex enzymatic cascades, so-called secondary metabolites, have emerged as crucial components of staphylococcal microbiome interactions. Such mediators belong to a large variety of compound classes and several of them have attractive properties for future drug development...
July 29, 2021: Microbial physiology
Quan Liu, Ruolan Xu, Cuiqiang Yan, Lujia Han, Hanwu Lei, Roger Ruan, Xuesong Zhang
Fast Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) has emerged as a versatile means of converting wet biomass into bio-crude oil. This study was aimed to explore a fast hydrothermal co-liquefaction (co-HTL) platform to valorize corn stover and cow manure by evaluating several reaction parameters (i.e., residence time, reaction temperature, and feedstocks mass ratio). The highest yield (over 24 wt%) of bio-crude oil was achieved under the moderate condition (400 °C, 16 min, and the mass ratio of 1:1). The Higher heating value (HHV) of bio-crude oil was around 34 MJ/kg...
July 22, 2021: Bioresource Technology
Sunita Panda, Deirdre O'Malley, Paula Barry, Nora Vallejo, Valerie Smith
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight and understanding of women's views and experiences of maternity care during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ireland. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study using semi-structured interviews. Due to social distancing and associated COVID-19 restrictions at the time of the study, the interviews were held remotely via telephone. The interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the interview data...
July 14, 2021: Midwifery
Sridhar Pilli, Ashutosh Kumar Pandey, Vivek Pandey, Kritika Pandey, Tulasiram Muddam, Baby Keerthi Thirunagari, Sai Teja Thota, Sunita Varjani, Rajeshwar Dayal Tyagi
PFAs (poly and perfluoroalkyl compounds) are hazardous and bioaccumulative chemicals that do not readily biodegrade or neutralize under normal environmental conditions. They have various industrial, commercial, domestic and defence applications. According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, there are around 4700 PFAs registered to date. They are present in every stream of life, and they are often emerging and are even difficult to be detected by the standard chemical methods. This review aims to focus on the sources of various PFAs and the toxicities they impose on the environment and especially on humankind...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Environmental Management
Rabia Khalaila, Adi Vitman-Schorr
AIMS: To examine the link between intensity of use of formal support and loneliness among older adults, controlling for family support and covariates; and examine the moderating effect of contact frequency with family on this relationship. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from September 2016 - April 2017 through structured interviews with 360 older adults attending adult day care centers (ADCCs) and representing three different ethnic groups in Israel...
July 22, 2021: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
David Rettke, Florian Seufert, Julia Döring, Kai Ostermann, Dimitri Wilms, Stephan Schmidt, Tilo Pompe
An increasing number of reports substantiate the link between emerging estrogenic pollutants and a variety of adverse effects including developmental disorders, infertility, cancer and neurological disorders, threatening public health as well as environment. The detection of the diverse classes of estrogenic and antiestrogenic substances is still challenging due to analytics which needs to cover the whole range of compounds acting on estrogen receptors and the complex estrogen pathways. In this proof-of-concept study, we report a novel biomimetic detection scheme based on the specific recognition of estrogenic ligands by estrogen sulfotransferase 1E1 (SULT1E1), which acts as one of the key enzymes in estrogen homeostasis...
July 15, 2021: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Ziping Zhou, Tong Shu, Yafang Sun, Hongxin Si, Peiwen Peng, Lei Su, Xueji Zhang
From the difficulty of awareness of abnormal concentrations of biochemical indexes in people's daily life come wearable sensing technologies. Recently, luminescent wearable biosensors are emerging with simple fabrication, easy use, cost-effectivity and reliability. But several challenges should be taken up, such as availability of varied analytes, high sensitivity, stability of enzymes, photostability, low signal noises and recyclability of sensors. Here, the Luminescent Wearable Sweat Tape (LWST) biosensor is developed via embedding multi-component nanoprobes onto microwell-patterned paper substrates of hollowed-out double-side tapes...
July 24, 2021: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
F El Miski, A Touimi Benjelloun, M Bouab, A Lamrissi, K Fichtali, S Bouhya
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous uterine rupture in the first trimester is a redoubtable obstetric emergency that carries a high risk for both mother and fetus. CASES PRESENTATION: We present the case of a spontaneous uterine rupture in a patient with a scarred uterus at 9 weeks' gestation treated by laparotomy in emergency obstetrical department of Ibn Rochd University Hospital of Casablanca; whose histological examination of the removed material found a partial mole...
July 22, 2021: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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