keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857684/surgical-outcomes-in-paediatric-lateral-condyle-nonunion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Siyuan Zhang, Si Heng Sharon Tan, Andrew Kean Seng Lim, James Hoi Po Hui
AIMS: Nonunion is a known and much-dreaded complication of paediatric lateral condyle fractures. This systematic review aims to pool together individual studies to find out if the timing of fixation and method of fixation impacts surgical outcomes (postoperative union and elbow ROM) in paediatric lateral condyle nonunion. METHODS: A systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. All surgical studies with original data on pediatric lateral humeral condyle nonunion were included...
April 12, 2021: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857659/persistence-of-disease-flares-is-associated-to-an-inadequate-colchicine-dose-in-familial-mediterranean-fever-a-national-multicentre-longitudinal-study
#2
Marta Bustaffa, Francesca Mazza, Diana Sutera, Maria Domenica Carrabba, Maria Alessio, Luca Cantarini, Laura Obici, Donato Rigante, Maria Cristina Maggio, Antonella Insalaco, Gabriele Simonini, Marco Cattalini, Giovanni Conti, Alma Nunzia Olivieri, Patrizia Barone, Angela Miniaci, Valentina Moressa, Maria Greca Magnolia, Luciana Breda, Davide Montin, Alessandra Spagnolo, Giovanna Fabio, Francesca Orlando, Carla Gaggiano, Roberta Mussinelli, Giovanna Capozio, Camilla Celani, Edoardo Marrani, Francesca Ricci, Francesco Calzatini, Maddalena Lancieri, Nicolino Ruperto, Md Marco Gattorno, Romina Gallizzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2021: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857609/mortality-in-children-with-covid-19-lessons-learned-from-a-tertiary-referral-hospital-in-indonesia
#3
Rismala Dewi, Nastiti Kaswandani, Mulya Rahma Karyanti, Darmawan Budi Setyant, Antonius Hocky Pudjiadi, Aryono Hendarto, Mulyadi M Djer, Ari Prayitno, Irene Yuniar, Wahyuni Indawati, Yogi Prawira, Setyo Handryastuti, Hikari Ambara Sjakti, Eka Laksmi Hidayati, Dina Muktiarti, Amanda Soebadi, Niken Wahyu Puspaningtyas, Riski Muhaimin, Anisa Rahmadhany, Gilbert Sterling Octavius, Henny Adriani Puspitasari, Madeleine Ramdhani Jasin, Tartila Tartila, Nina Dwi Putri
BACKGROUND: The incidence of COVID-19 is still rapidly increasing, but little is known about the prevalence and characteristics of fatal cases in children in Indonesia. This study aims to describe the characteristics of pediatric COVID-19 cases with fatal outcomes in Indonesia's tertiary referral hospital. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with data collected from the medical records of COVID-19 patients admitted to Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia, from March to October 2020...
April 12, 2021: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857602/characteristics-of-diplopia-in-a-pediatric-population
#4
Michelle M Falcone, Carla J Osigian, Patrice J Persad, Hilda Capo, Kara M Cavuoto
PURPOSE: To evaluate the characteristics of diplopia in children at a single tertiary eye care center. METHODS: The medical records of patients with diplopia onset at age 18 years or younger presenting during the period 2015-2018 were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic information, clinical characteristics, diagnoses, treatment, and outcome data were collected. The exact χ2 test was used to compare groups and select post hoc analyses were performed using the Fisher exact or exact χ2 tests...
April 12, 2021: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857601/clinical-evidence-for-an-accessible-modification-to-the-scott-resection-recession-procedure-using-a-matching-duction-technique
#5
Sharon Armarnik, Elham Al Qahtani, Christopher J Lyons
PURPOSE: To evaluate the resection-recession procedure on a single muscle for the management of incomitant strabismus using an alternative calculation. METHODS: The medical records of adult patients undergoing combined adjustable resection-recession surgery on a single rectus muscle at one institution from 2008 to 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. Each patient had a full orthoptic evaluation before and at least 10 weeks after surgery. The main outcome measure was alignment at last follow-up examination in the primary position and eccentric gaze (field of action)...
April 12, 2021: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857542/pediatric-athletes-ecg-and-diagnostic-performance-of-contemporary-ecg-interpretation-criteria
#6
Geza Halasz, Mattia Cattaneo, Massimo Piepoli, Silvio Romano, Vincenzo Biasini, Andrea Menafoglio, Alessio Gasperetti, Matteo Badini, Michele Villa, Lorenzo Dall'Ara, Marco Roberto, Tiziano Cassina, Bruno Capelli
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic (ECG) pre-participation screening(PPS) can prevent sudden cardiac death(SCD) but the Interpretation of the athlete's ECG is based on specific criteria addressed for adult athletes while few data exist about the pediatric athlete's ECG. We aimed to assess the features of pediatric athletes' ECG and compared the diagnostic performance of 2017 International ECG recommendation, 2010 European Society of Cardiology recommendation and 2013-Seattle criteria in detecting clinical conditions at risk of SCD...
April 12, 2021: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857522/the-pediatric-psychopharmacology-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-part-i-the-past-and-the-present
#7
REVIEW
Antonio M Persico, Arianna Ricciardello, Marco Lamberti, Laura Turriziani, Francesca Cucinotta, Claudia Brogna, Benedetto Vitiello, Celso Arango
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a severe and lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder, with high social costs and a dramatic burden on the quality of life of patients and family members. Despite its high prevalence, reaching 1/54 children and 1/45 adults in the United States, no pharmacological treatment is still directed to core symptoms of ASD, encompassing social and communication deficits, repetitive behaviors, restricted interests, and abnormal sensory processing. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the state-of-the-art of psychopharmacological therapy available today for ASD in children and adolescents, in order to foster best practices and to organize new strategies for future research...
April 12, 2021: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857468/evaluation-of-implementation-of-early-onset-sepsis-calculator-in-newborns-in-israel
#8
Arieh Riskin, Svetlana Bryskin, Hussein Zaitoon, Arina Toropine, Adir Iofe, Rasha Zoabi-Safadi, David Bader
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the recommendations based on the early-onset sepsis (EOS) calculator in the first two years of its implementation in Israel. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective two-year surveillance of a cohort of infants born at gestational age (GA) ≥34 weeks in Bnai Zion Medical Center, who were evaluated using the EOS calculator because of peripartum risk factors. RESULTS: 1146 newborns with peripartum risk factors were evaluated using the EOS calculator...
April 12, 2021: Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857467/umbilical-cord-ulcerations-with-naked-umbilical-artery
#9
Yuto Otsubo, Yoshiyuki Watabe, Takeshi Yamaguchi, Shigemi Yoshihara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2021: Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857466/cerebral-oxygenation-and-perfusion-when-positioning-preterm-infants-clinical-implications
#10
Pranav R Jani, Krista Lowe, Aldo Perdomo, Lorraine Wakefield, Murray Hinder, Claire Galea, Traci-Anne Goyen, Robert Halliday, Karen Ann Waters, Nadia Badawi, Mark Tracy
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cerebral oxygenation (cTOI) and cerebral perfusion in preterm infants in supine versus prone positions. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty preterm infants, born before 32 weeks gestation, were enrolled; 30 had bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD, defined as the need for respiratory support and/or supplemental oxygen at 36 weeks post menstrual age). Cerebral perfusion, cTOI and polysomnography was measured in both the supine and prone position with the initial position being randomized...
April 12, 2021: Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857465/development-reliability-and-testing-of-a-new-rating-scale-for-neonatal-encephalopathy
#11
Alfredo Garcia-Alix, Juan Arnaez, Gemma Arca, Thais Agut, Ana Alarcon, Ana Martín-Ancel, Montserrat Girabent-Farres, Eva Valverde, Isabel Benavente-Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test the Neonatal Encephalopathy - Rating Scale (NE-RS), a new rating scale to grade the severity of neonatal encephalopathy (NE) within the first six hours after birth. STUDY DESIGN: A three-phase process was conducted: 1) design of a comprehensive scale that would be specific, sensitive, brief, and unsophisticated; 2) evaluation in a cohort of infants with neonatal encephalopathy and healthy controls; 3) validation with brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and outcome at two years of age...
April 12, 2021: Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857166/high-drug-resistance-levels-could-compromise-the-control-of-hiv-infection-in-paediatric-and-adolescent-population-in-kinshasa-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#12
Marina Rubio-Garrido, Gabriel Reina, Adolphe Ndarabu, Ana Rodriguez-Galet, Ana Valadés-Alcaraz, David Barquín, Silvia Carlos, África Holguín
BACKGROUND: The inadequacy of HIV viraemia and resistance monitoring in Africa leads to uncontrolled circulation of HIV strains with drug resistance mutations (DRM), compromising antiretroviral therapy (ART) effectiveness. This study describes the DRM prevalence and its therapeutic impact in HIV-infected pediatric patients from Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC). METHODS: From 2016-2018, dried blood were collected from 71 HIV-infected children and adolescents under ART in two hospitals in Kinshasa for HIV-1 DRM pol analysis, predicted ARV-susceptibility by Stanford and phylogenetic characterization...
2021: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33857007/a-hybrid-dcnn-svm-model-for-classifying-neonatal-sleep-and-wake-states-based-on-facial-expression-in-video
#13
Muhammad Awais, Xi Long, Bin Yin, Saadullah Farooq Abbasi, Saeed Akhbarzadeh, Chunmei Lu, Xinhua Wang, Laishuan Wang, Jiong Zhang, Jeroen Dudink, Wei Chen
Sleep is a natural phenomenon controlled by the central nervous system. The sleep-wake pattern, which functions as an essential indicator of neurophysiological organization in the neonatal period, has profound meaning in the prediction of cognitive diseases and brain maturity. In recent years, unobtrusive sleep monitoring and automatic sleep staging have been intensively studied for adults, but much less for neonates. This work aims to investigate a novel video-based unobtrusive method for neonatal sleep-wake classification by analyzing the behavioral changes in the neonatal facial region...
April 15, 2021: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33856656/disruption-of-pharmacotherapy-during-the-transition-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-claims-database-analysis-across-the-usa
#14
Sepehr Farahbakhshian, Rajeev Ayyagari, Daniel S Barczak, Simerpal K Gill, Wenxi Tang, Thomas Kulalert, Madeline Jenkins, William Spalding
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment rates in adults are low, possibly owing to discontinuation of pediatric care due to various circumstances (including inadequate health insurance coverage, poor disease insight, and patient/family resistance, as well as those who manage their ADHD independent of pharmacologic intervention) during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. To improve the understanding of treatment patterns during this transition, this study characterized pharmacotherapy use in patients with ADHD aged 16-21 years...
April 15, 2021: CNS Drugs
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33856513/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-children
#15
R B Nerli, Shridhar C Ghagane, Amit Mungarwadi, Shivagouda Patil
INTRODUCTION: The high success rates of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the clearance of large renal calculi has made it a primary mode of surgical management in adults. Similarly, in children too PCNL has been gaining ground and the indications for the same are on the rise. We retrospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy of this technique, in children below 18 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the inpatient, outpatient records, imaging films of all children with renal stones undergoing PCNL at our hospital...
April 15, 2021: Pediatric Surgery International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33856512/crystallized-phenol-for-treatment-of-pilonidal-sinus-disease-in-children-a-comparative-clinical-study
#16
Serkan Arslan, Mehmet Hanifi Okur, Erol Basuguy, Bahattin Aydogdu, Hikmet Zeytun, Suat Cal, Serdest Tegin, Mustafa Azizoglu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to present our experience in the use of crystallized phenol (CP) to treat pediatric patients with 'simple' and complex' Pilonidal sinus disease (PSD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent CP treatment in between January 2015 and January 2020 were evaluated retrospectively, using prospectively collected data. The patients were divided into simple and complicated groups. The groups were assigned depending on the number of sinuses and clinical presentation...
April 15, 2021: Pediatric Surgery International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33856504/strategies-to-optimize-a-pediatric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-service
#17
REVIEW
Limin Xu, Jeremy Herrington, Kellie Cahill, Seretha Risacher, Michael S Gee
A pediatric MRI service is a vital component of a successful radiology department. Building an efficient and effective pediatric MRI service is a multifaceted process that requires detailed planning for considerations related to finance, operations, quality and safety, and process improvement. These are compounded by the unique challenges of caring for pediatric patients, particularly in the setting of the recent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. In addition to material resources, a successful pediatric MRI service depends on a collaborative team consisting of radiologists, physicists, technologists, nurses and vendor specialists, among others, to identify and resolve challenges and to strive for continued improvement...
April 15, 2021: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33856503/prognostic-value-of-the-nutmeg-lung-pattern-lymphangiectasia-on-fetal-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Christian A Barrera, Ann M Johnson, Jack Rychik, David M Biko, Karl Degenhardt, Julie S Moldenhauer, Teresa Victoria
BACKGROUND: A nutmeg lung pattern on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an imaging finding associated with pulmonary lymphangiectasia. However, the prognostic value of the nutmeg lung pattern is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical associations of nutmeg lung indicating lymphangiectasia on fetal lung MRI and its relationship with early mortality in fetuses with primary and secondary lymphangiectasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified all pregnant patients with a fetal MRI performed for indication of evaluating for pulmonary lymphangiectasia from 2006 to 2019...
April 15, 2021: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33856502/basics-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-quantitative-parameters-t1-t2-t2-t1rho-and-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#19
REVIEW
Suraj D Serai
Magnetic resonance imaging is widely available and accepted as the imaging method of choice for many pediatric body imaging applications. Traditionally, it has been used in a qualitative way, where the images are reported non-numerically by radiologists. But now MRI machines have built-in post-processing software connected to the scanner and the database of MR images. This setting enables and encourages simple quantitative analysis of MR images. In this paper, the author reviews the fundamentals of MRI and discusses the most common quantitative MRI techniques for body imaging: T1, T2, T2*, T1rho and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)...
April 15, 2021: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33856501/utility-of-three-dimensional-and-reformatted-head-computed-tomography-images-in-the-evaluation-of-pediatric-abusive-head-trauma
#20
REVIEW
Rangarajan Purushothaman, Shivang Desai, Sateesh Jayappa, Arabinda K Choudhary, Raghu H Ramakrishnaiah
Skull fractures are common in the pediatric population following head trauma and are estimated to occur post head trauma in 11% of children younger than 2 years. A skull fracture indicates potential underlying intracranial injury and might also help explain the mechanism of injury. Multiple primary and accessory sutures complicate the identification of non-depressed fractures in children younger than 2 years. Detection of linear skull fractures can be difficult on two-dimensional (2-D) CT and can be missed, particularly when the fracture is along the plane of image reconstruction...
April 15, 2021: Pediatric Radiology
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