Keywords evidence-based dentistry, evid...

evidence-based dentistry, evidence based dentistry, evidence based medicine, evidence-based medicine
Sarah F Aitken, David A Cruz Walma, Omar D Glover, Bernice D Kear, Alisa E Lee, Zachary D Michel, Tammy D Vo
This article, written by current student trainees within various intramural programs at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), describes how the NIH experience weaves world-class interdisciplinary research into the education of future oral healthcare professionals. This article highlights 4 programs and provides perspectives from current NIH student trainees on the significance of their programs to their career growth in an effort to increase program awareness for faculty and students, thus escalating participation of predental and dental students in programs at the NIH...
September 8, 2020: Journal of Dental Education
David R Cagna, Terence E Donovan, James R McKee, Frederick Eichmiller, James E Metz, Jean-Pierre Albouy, Riccardo Marzola, Kevin G Murphy, Matthias Troeltzsch
This comprehensive review of the 2019 restorative dental literature is offered to inform busy dentists regarding remarkable publications and noteworthy progress made in the profession. Developed by the Scientific Investigation Committee of the American Academy of Restorative Dentistry, each author brings discipline-specific expertise to 1 of 8 sections of the report: (1) prosthodontics; (2) periodontics, alveolar bone, and peri-implant tissues; (3) implant dentistry; (4) dental materials and therapeutics; (5) occlusion and temporomandibular disorders; (6) sleep-related breathing disorders; (7) oral medicine and oral and maxillofacial surgery; and (8) dental caries and cariology...
September 2020: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Athanasios Stamos, Steve Mills, Nikos Malliaropoulos, Sophie Cantamessa, Jean-Luc Dartevelle, Elif Gündüz, Jeffrey Laubmeier, Jeffrey Hoy, Georgios Kakavas, Sébastien Le Garrec, Jean-François Kaux, Mourad Ghrairi, Heinz Lohrer, Marc Engels-Deutsch
Sports medicine has a multidisciplinary character which allows different medical specialties to investigate the prevention, etiology and treatment of athletes' diseases. This leads to a decreased risk of injury and a faster return-to-play as well as an improvement in the overall health and wellbeing of athletes of any level and in all sports around the world. The oral health of athletes is now the subject of great attention internationally because of the increased prevalence and incidence of health issues such as dental caries and erosion, periodontal disease, defective occlusion, temporomandibular joint disorders and orofacial injuries...
August 13, 2020: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Lakshman Perera Samaranayake, Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Chamila Panduwawala
BACKGROUND: Early detection, isolation and management of COVID-19 are crucial to contain the current pandemic. US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently included 'sudden loss of taste (dysgeusia/ageusia) and smell (anosmia/hyposmia)' as symptoms of COVID-19. If indeed these symptoms are reliable and specific forerunner symptoms of COVID-19, then it may facilitate detection and containment of the disease. Hence, we systematically evaluated the contemporary evidence on dysgeusia and anosmia as trigger prodromal symptoms, and their prevalence in COVID-19 patients...
August 2020: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
S Maripuri, H Sadi, A Nevius, G Terenzi, N Mehta, I F Dragan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: There is an increased interest to incorporate interprofessional educational models in the academic dental institutions to serve both student education and patient care. The aim of this report is to integrate evidence-based dentistry (EBD) with an interprofessional approach to treat methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) patients. Current example illustrates the case of a 26-year-old man receiving MMT who presented at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine with the chief complaint of "I want to fix my teeth...
March 2020: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Laura Imorde, Andreas Möltner, Maren Runschke, Tobias Weberschock, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this pilot study was to create a valid and reliable set of assessment questions for examining Evidence-based Dentistry (EbD) knowledge. For this reason, we adapted and validated for dental students the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ), which assesses Evidence-based Medicine (EbM) abilities. METHODS: The Berlin Questionnaire was validated with medical residents. We adapted it for use in a dentistry setting. An expert panel reviewed the adapted BQ for content validity...
May 4, 2020: BMC Medical Education
Michael Silverman, Justin Slater, Racquel Jandoc, Sharon Koivu, Amit X Garg, Matthew A Weir
BACKGROUND: The incidence of infective endocarditis related to injection drug use is increasing. On the basis of clinical practice and epidemiological and in-vitro data, we postulated that exposure to controlled-release hydromorphone is associated with an increased risk of infective endocarditis among people who inject drugs. METHODS: We used linked health administrative databases in Ontario, Canada, to assemble a retrospective cohort of adults (aged 18-55 years) who inject drugs for the period of April 1, 2006, to Sept 30, 2015...
April 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Jacqueline Hoying, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Elizabeth Hutson, Alai Tan
BACKGROUND: Graduate and professional students are reported to have higher than average rates of depression compared to age- and gender-matched populations. Further, more than half of student health visits are due to anxiety, yet little is known about the relationships among depression, anxiety, and healthy lifestyle behaviors in this population as well as what factors predict depression and anxiety. AIMS: The purposes of this study were as follows: (a) to examine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, stress, physical health, healthy beliefs, and lifestyle behaviors in incoming first-year health sciences professional students; (b) to describe the relationships among these variables; and (c) to determine predictors of depression and anxiety...
February 2020: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Matthew Byrne, Martin Tickle
This paper sets out a conceptual framework by which quality improvement in primary dental care can be approached. We argue that seeking a unified definition for quality in dentistry is a distraction to the more important end of quality improvement. An approach to quality improvement that interfaces Donabedian's domains of structure, process and outcome with various dimensions of quality gives a rational approach by which quality can be assessed and improved. The importance of valid, evidence driven indicators and methods for their implementation in primary dental care is described...
November 2019: British Dental Journal
Basmah Safdar, Angela F Jarman, Rebecca Barron, Daniel H Gourger, Tess Wiskel, Alyson J McGregor
Background: In the last 3 years, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) declared advancement of understanding the role sex as a biological variable has in research a priority. The burden now falls on educators and clinicians to translate into clinical practice the ensuing body of evidence for sex as a biological variable that clearly shows the effect of sex/gender on disease diagnosis and management. The 2018 Sex and Gender Health Education Summit (SGHE) organized an interdisciplinary and interprofessional workshop to (1) analyze common clinical scenarios highlighting the nuances of sex- and gender-based medicine (SGBM) in presentation, diagnosis, or management of illness; (2) utilize valid educational and assessment tools for a multiprofessional audience; and (3) brainstorm standardized learning objectives that integrate both...
November 22, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
P Ahmad, M K Alam, N S Jakubovics, F Schwendicke, J A Asif
Since its inception in 1919, the Journal of Dental Research has continually published high-quality articles that span the breadth of research topics relevant to dentistry, oral surgery, and medicine. As part of the journal's centennial celebration, we conducted an electronic search on Scopus to identify and analyze the top 100 most cited articles from 1919 to 2018. Since Scopus does not capture older citations, we conducted an additional analysis by Google Scholar to identify key articles published in the first 50 y of the journal...
December 2019: Journal of Dental Research
Falk Schwendicke, Tatiana Golla, Martin Dreher, Joachim Krois
OBJECTIVES: Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are increasingly applied for medical image diagnostics. We performed a scoping review, exploring (1) use cases, (2) methodologies and (3) findings of studies applying CNN on dental image material. SOURCES: Medline via PubMed, IEEE Xplore, arXiv were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Full-text articles and conference-proceedings reporting CNN application on dental imagery were included. DATA: Thirty-six studies, published 2015-2019, were included, mainly from four countries (South Korea, United States, Japan, China)...
December 2019: Journal of Dentistry
Dominik Gross, Karin Gross, Saskia Wilhelmy
OBJECTIVE: Scientific papers and books on digital dentistry are in vogue. In most cases, these publications focus clearly on the - undoubted - potentials and possibilities offered by digitalization. The fact that digital dentistry necessarily entails risks and ethical challenges, by contrast, is rarely discussed. This paper aims to complement the discourse on digitalization in dentistry by analyzing precisely these challenges. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The study is based on an analysis of international publications and specialist writings on digitalization and its applications in the fields of dentistry and medicine, as well as on the analysis of specific contributions from the disciplines of medical ethics and medical law, and from the public media...
September 19, 2019: Quintessence International
Manuel C Vallejo, Mark I Zakowski
This Pro-Con debate will provide the practitioner with an evidence-based knowledge approach to assist the clinician in determining whether to employ (Pro) or not to employ (Con) this technique in the obstetrical suite for labor analgesia. Nitrous oxide has been used safely in dentistry and medicine for many centuries. However, accumulating preclinical and clinical evidence increasingly suggests previously unrecognized adverse maternal and fetal effects of nitrous oxide, which warrants reconsideration of its use in pregnant women and a more detailed informed consent...
2019: BioMed Research International
Donald Moss, Eric Willmarth
Hypnosis has a long history of use for anesthesia and pain management, as well as in assisting patient to prepare for medical procedures. This article reviews the history of hypnosis applications in clinical medicine and dentistry. Research on hypnotic susceptibility or hypnotic ability shows that the ability to respond effectively to hypnosis is a relatively stable trait, partially heritable, and measurable by means of several standard procedures. Persons low in hypnotic ability may benefit from alternative therapeutic interventions; however, the majority of medical patients will benefit from the integration of adjunctive hypnotic therapies into their medical and dental care...
July 22, 2019: Annals of Palliative Medicine
David R Cagna, Terence E Donovan, James R McKee, Frederick Eichmiller, James E Metz, Jean-Pierre Albouy, Riccardo Marzola, Kevin R Murphy, Matthias Troeltzsch
This comprehensive review of the 2018 dental literature is provided to inform busy dentists about progress in the profession. Developed by the Committee on Scientific Investigation of the American Academy of Restorative Dentistry, each author brings discipline-specific expertise to one of the 8 sections of the report including (1) prosthodontics; (2) periodontics, alveolar bone, and peri-implant tissues; (3) implant dentistry; (4) dental materials and therapeutics; (5) occlusion and temporomandibular disorders; (6) sleep-related breathing disorders; (7) oral medicine and oral and maxillofacial surgery; and (8) dental caries and cariology...
September 2019: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Max W Seitz, Stefan Listl, Petra Knaup
The treatment of multimorbid patients confronts physicians with special challenges. Complex disease correlations, insufficient evidence, lack of interdisciplinary guidelines, limited communication between physicians of different specialties, etc. complicate the treatment. To improve the present care situation for multimorbid patients we describe a development approach for an interdisciplinary Electronic Health Record (EHR). As part of the Dent@Prevent project, which aims to improve the intersectoral care of patients with correlating dental and chronic systemic diseases, the proposed EHR will first be tested in the field of dentistry and general medicine...
July 4, 2019: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Marco Tatullo, Bruna Codispoti, Irina Makeeva, Salvatore Scacco, Tiziana Cocco
BACKGROUND: The regenerative medicine is a growing branch of medicine aimed to treat damaged or lost tissues, to promote tissue formation and to restore both aesthetics and function. In the last years, several scientific articles have been focused on the regenerative procedures aimed to increase the survival rate of compromised teeth; the most effective approaches have been based on molecular-based and on cellular-based protocols; however, to date, both these techniques have not been carefully analysed and discussed, to know in details the advantages of each of them...
June 26, 2019: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Henry A Adeola, Silvana Papagerakis, Petros Papagerakis
A vast majority of the pathophysiological and metabolic processes in humans are temporally controlled by a master circadian clock located centrally in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus of the brain, as well as by specialized peripheral oscillators located in other body tissues. This circadian clock system generates a rhythmical diurnal transcriptional-translational cycle in clock genes and protein expression and activities regulating numerous downstream target genes. Clock genes as key regulators of physiological function and dysfunction of the circadian clock have been linked to various diseases and multiple morbidities...
2019: Frontiers in Physiology
Francesco Chiappelli
BACKGROUND: In 1999, the American Dental Association proffered a definition of the term evidence-based dentistry, which is still very much used to this day. It stated that "… evidence-based dentistry is an approach to oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinically relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences...
March 2019: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
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