Miriam Urquiza, Iñaki Echeverria, Ariadna Besga, María Amasene, Idoia Labayen, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Julia Barroso, Mikel Aldamiz, Jon Irazusta
BACKGROUND: Older patients often experience a decline in physical function and cognitive status after hospitalization. Although interventions involving physical exercise are effective in improving functional performance, participation in physical exercise interventions among older individuals is low. We aimed to identify factors that contribute to exercise refusal among post-hospitalized older patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of recruitment data from a randomized controlled trial was conducted involving 495 hospitalized people ≥70 years old...
October 16, 2020: BMC Geriatrics
Marta San-Antolín, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Eva María Martínez-Jiménez, Daniel López-López, César Calvo-Lobo
San-Antolín, M, Rodríguez-Sanz, D, Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, R, Losa-Iglesias, ME, Martínez-Jiménez, EM, López-López, D, and Calvo-Lobo, C. Neuroticism traits and anxiety symptoms are exhibited in athletes with chronic gastrocnemius myofascial pain syndrome. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-Common psychological factors, such as anxiety or neurotic personality traits, seem to be associated with pain suffered by athletes. Gastrocnemius muscles present a high prevalence for injury in athletes. These muscles are a region in which myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) frequently develops...
October 15, 2020: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Rebecca B Hershow, H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Tran Viet Ha, Geetanjali Chander, Nguyen Vu Tuyet Mai, Teerada Sripaipan, Constantine Frangakis, David W Dowdy, Carl Latkin, Heidi E Hutton, Audrey Pettifor, Suzanne Maman, Vivian F Go
BACKGROUND: While the link between alcohol use and male-perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV) has been well-established, research is needed to test whether psychosocial factors interact with alcohol use to exacerbate IPV perpetration. We tested whether depressive symptoms influenced the strength and/or direction of the alcohol-IPV relationship among men with HIV in Vietnam. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis using data from a randomized controlled trial conducted in Thai Nguyen, Vietnam...
2020: PloS One
Mioni Giovanna, Martin Fischer, Samuel Shaki
There is a debate about whether and why we overestimate addition and underestimate subtraction results (Operational Momentum or OM effect). Spatial-attentional accounts of OM compete with a model which postulates that OM reflects a weighted combination of multiple arithmetic heuristics and biases (AHAB; Shaki, Pinhas, & Fischer, 2018). The present study addressed this debate with the theoretically diagnostic distinction between zero-problems (e.g., 3 + 0, 3 - 0) and non-zero problems (e.g., 2 + 1, 4 - 1) because AHAB, in contrast to all other accounts, uniquely predicts reverse OM for the latter problem type...
October 16, 2020: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
Habte Belete, Tilahun Ali, Getasew Legas
Background: Bipolar disorder is a severe mental illness and has huge morbidity and mortality. Relapse is a challenging treatment failure in patients with mental illness, especially in patients with bipolar which causes high economic and social burdens. In the mental health delivery system, relapse is common and can be defined as becoming ill again after apparent recovery and a worsening condition of psychiatric patients. Due to psychiatric patients that may stop medication on their own in contrary to the advice of mental health professionals, relapse of mood episodes, delayed remission, and residual symptoms usually leads to hospitalization, increased suicide risk, and/or impede psychosocial recover...
2020: Psychiatry Journal
Katarzyna Kisiel-Sajewicz, Jarosław Marusiak, Mónica Rojas-Martínez, Damian Janecki, Sławomir Chomiak, Łukasz Kamiński, Joanna Mencel, Miguel Ángel Mañanas, Artur Jaskólski, Anna Jaskólska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether computer-aided training (CAT) of motor tasks would increase muscle activity and change its spatial distribution in a patient with a bilateral upper-limb congenital transverse deficiency. We believe that our study makes a significant contribution to the literature because it demonstrates the usefulness of CAT in promoting the neuromuscular adaptation in people with congenital limb deficiencies and altered body image. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient with bilateral upper-limb congenital transverse deficiency and the healthy control subject performed 12 weeks of the CAT...
October 15, 2020: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Patricia Ibeziako, Colleen Barrett, Monique Ribeiro, Kevin Tsang
OBJECTIVE: The authors describe the participant outcomes and global impact of a structured international observership program in child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) at a United States (US) pediatric academic center. METHODS: The quality improvement phase of the observership program was conducted for 2 years and included 12 participants from 9 different countries. Observers utilized a question guide to describe their clinical and academic experiences in the US in relation to their countries...
October 14, 2020: Academic Psychiatry
Rasha El-Kotob, Matteo Ponzano, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Ian Janssen, Michelle E Kho, Veronica J Poitras, Robert Ross, Amanda Ross-White, Travis J Saunders, Lora M Giangregorio
The objective of this overview of systematic reviews was to determine the benefits and harms of resistance training (RT) on health outcomes in adults aged 18 years or older, compared with not participating in RT. Four electronic databases were searched in February 2019 for systematic reviews published in the past 10 years. Eligibility criteria were determined a priori for population (community dwelling adults), intervention (exclusively RT), comparator (no RT or different doses of RT), and health outcomes (critical: mortality, physical functioning, health-related quality of life, and adverse events; important: cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, mental health, brain health, cognitive function, cancer, fall-related injuries or falls, and bone health)...
October 2020: Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism
Carlos-María Alcover, Fernando Rodríguez, Yolanda Pastor, Helena Thomas, Mayelin Rey, José Luis Del Barrio
The confinement imposed by measures to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic may in the short and medium term have psychological and psychosocial consequences affecting the well-being and mental health of individuals. This study aims to explore the role played by group membership and social and personal identities as coping resources to face the experience of the COVID-19 confinement and radical disruption of social, work, family and personal life in a sample of 421 people who have experienced a month of strict confinement in the Region of Madrid...
October 12, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Tian Tian, Jia Li, Guiling Zhang, Jian Wang, Dong Liu, Changhua Wan, Jicheng Fang, Di Wu, Yiran Zhou, Wenzhen Zhu
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism may modulate the link between childhood trauma experience and psychopathology by altering trophic signaling on neuroplasticity. However, few multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) researches have investigated this gene-environment interaction on both structural and functional plasticity, thereby advancing knowledge about the etiology, prevention, and customized therapeutic directions of mental disease in individuals with childhood trauma experience...
October 11, 2020: Behavioural Brain Research
Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Jos H Verbeek, Angela Neumeyer-Gromen, Arco C Verhoeven, Ute Bültmann, Babs Faber
BACKGROUND: Work disability such as sickness absence is common in people with depression. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing work disability in employees with depressive disorders. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO until April 4th 2020. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cluster-RCTs of work-directed and clinical interventions for depressed people that included days of sickness absence or being off work as an outcome...
October 13, 2020: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Meng-Chen Lo, Rebecca Younk, Alik S Widge
Neurostimulation therapies for psychiatric disorders often have limited clinical efficacy. The limited efficacy might arise from a mismatch between therapy and disease mechanisms. Mental disorders are believed to arise from communication breakdown in distributed brain circuits, and thus altering connectivity between brain regions might be an effective way to restore normal brain communication. Synchronized neural oscillations (coherence) and synaptic strength are two common measures of brain connectivity. In this work, we developed an electrical stimulation method for altering narrow-frequency-band (theta, 5-8 Hz) coherence and synaptic strength...
October 13, 2020: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Cindy H Liu, Stephanie Pinder-Amaker, Hyeouk Chris Hahm, Justin A Chen
The COVID-19 pandemic has already produced profound impacts on college students, with unprecedented directives for student relocation from their college campuses and dormitories mid-semester and coursework that took place through virtual learning. The current disruptions and anticipated potential long-term changes call for immediate prioritization regarding next steps for addressing college mental health and well-being. This viewpoint article highlights two urgent priorities for addressing current college mental health needs: the development of strategies for ensuring mental health service access, and intentional outreach to college students with special circumstances...
October 13, 2020: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Lindsey S Maeshima, Mike C Parent
To examine the relationship between stigma and mental health help-seeking among Asian American and Asian international college students. Participants: Asian American college students (401 men, 858 women) and Asian international college students (384 men, 428 women). Methods: Data from the 2018-2019 Healthy Minds Study were used to assess perceived stigma, personal stigma, and help-seeking behaviors of college students. Results: Personal stigma mediated the relationship between perceived stigma and professional help-seeking intentions...
October 13, 2020: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Junichi Yokota, Ren Takahashi, Yuuko Matsukawa, Keisuke Mtsushima
BACKGROUND: Increasing acute heart failure (HF) population is very common. Discharge disposition is one of the major cardiac rehabilitation (CR) outcomes. However, there were few data exist on home discharge criteria in acute phase HF patients who were underwent CR. AIM: To clarify the predictors of home discharge in acute phase hospitalized HF patients who were underwent guideline-based CR. DESIGN: Intervention study. SETTING: Acute hospital...
October 13, 2020: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Dorota Weziak-Bialowolska, Piotr Bialowolski, Tyler J VanderWeele, Eileen McNeely
PURPOSE: We examined the impact of an orientation to promote good-one aspect of strengths of character, understood as having consistent thoughts and taking actions that contribute to the good of oneself and others-on flourishing outcomes. DESIGN: We used data from 2 longitudinal observational studies. The primary study used 2 waves of data collected in June 2018 and July 2019. The secondary study used 3 waves of data collected in February 2017, March 2018, and March 2019...
October 13, 2020: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Eric Tc Lai, Daniela K Schlüter, Theis Lange, Viviane Straatmann, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, David Taylor-Robinson
OBJECTIVES: We assessed social inequalities in child mental health problems (MHPs) and how they are mediated by perinatal factors, childhood illness and maternal mental health in two national birth cohorts. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study SETTING: We used data from the UK Millennium Cohort Study and the Danish National Birth Cohort. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: We applied causal mediation analysis to longitudinal cohort data. Socioeconomic conditions (SECs) at birth were measured by maternal education...
October 12, 2020: BMJ Open
Marjan Drukker, Jill C H Peters, Lisa Vork, Zlatan Mujagic, Bart P F Rutten, Jim van Os, Ad A M Masclee, Joanna W Kruimel, Carsten Leue
OBJECTIVE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has a high comorbidity with mental disorders. The present paper aims to visualise the interplay between IBS and affect (anxiety and mood) in daily life. Furthermore, this interplay may be different depending on risk factors such as childhood trauma. METHODS: Using momentary assessment (Experience Sampling Method), data of 24 individuals diagnosed with both IBS and panic disorder were analysed (15 non-trauma and 9 low-trauma-score patients)...
October 2, 2020: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
John F M Gleeson, Dina Eleftheriadis, Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Peter Koval, Brock Bastian, David L Penn, Michelle H Lim, Richard M Ryan, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: First-episode psychosis typically has its onset during adolescence. Prolonged deficits in social functioning are common in FEP and yet often variance in functioning remains unexplained. Developmental psychology frameworks may be useful for understanding these deficits. Eudaimonic well-being (EWB), or positive self-development, is a developmental psychology construct that has been shown to predict mental health outcomes across multiple populations but has not been systematically reviewed in FEP...
October 10, 2020: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Lourdes Ezpeleta, José Blas Navarro, Núria de la Osa, Esther Trepat, Eva Penelo
Spanish children were locked down for 72 days due to COVID-19, causing severe disruption to their normal life. The threat posed by COVID-19 continues and clinicians, administrators, and families need to know the life conditions associated with more psychological problems to modify them and minimize their effect on mental health. The goal was to study the life conditions of adolescents during lockdown and their association with psychological problems. A total of 226 parents of 117 girls and 109 boys (mean age: 13...
October 7, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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