Man Li, Qiang Wang, Jingdong Yang, Jinyang Cui, Xiaoliang Guo And Wenjun Zhou
The permeability of soil is a fundamental parameter in hydrological and geotechnical studies, nevertheless, the investigations on the silt especially the heavy mental contaminated silt have rarely been reported. The research introduces the effect of the different factors, including the osmotic pressure, curing time, the content of binders and the concentration of lead, on the permeability and microscopic properties of lead contaminated silt solidified by a novel curing agent, formed by mixing cement, fly ash and desulfurization gypsum (CFG)...
September 17, 2020: Environmental Technology
Maria Sifaki, Emily Midouhas, Efstathios Papachristou, Eirini Flouri
Research shows that paternal psychological distress is associated with child emotional and behavioural difficulties. However, little is known about the direction of this association including whether it is bidirectional. The aim of this study was to explore the reciprocal relationships between paternal psychological distress and child emotional and behavioural problems longitudinally (at ages 3, 5, 7, 11 and 14 years) in a sample of 13,105 children (49% girls) who participated in the UK's Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), a large-scale, nationally representative, longitudinal survey...
September 17, 2020: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Patrik Engdahl, Petra Svedberg, Annika Lexén, Ulrika Bejerholm
BACKGROUND: Although effective return-to-work (RTW) interventions are not widely available for individuals with common mental disorders on sick leave, there is potential for transforming such interventions into a digital solution in an effort to make them more widely available. However, little is currently known about the viewpoints of different stakeholder groups, which are critical for successful development and implementation of a digital RTW intervention in health care services. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine stakeholder groups' perspectives on the role and legitimacy of a digital RTW solution called mWorks for individuals with common mental disorders who are on sick leave...
September 16, 2020: JMIR Formative Research
Baptiste Gauthier, Lucie Bréchet, Florian Lance, Robin Mange, Bruno Herbelin, Nathan Faivre, Thomas A W Bolton, Dimitri Van De Ville, Olaf Blanke
Episodic memory (EM) is classically conceived as a memory for events, localized in space and time, and characterized by autonoetic consciousness (ANC) allowing to mentally travel back in time and subjectively relive an event. Building on recent evidence that the first-person visual co-perception of one's own body during encoding impacts EM, we used a scene recognition task in immersive virtual reality (VR) and measured how first-person body view would modulate peri-encoding resting-state fMRI, EM performance, and ANC...
September 12, 2020: NeuroImage
Joi-Sheree' Knighton, Jardin Dogan, Candice Hargons, Danelle Stevens-Watkins
Objective: Current racial mental health disparities among African American women have been attributed to chronic experiences of race-related stressors. Increased exposure to racism in predominately White spaces may increase reliance on culturally normative coping mechanisms. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological distress, perceived racial microaggressions, and an obligation to show strength/suppress emotions among educated, middle-class African American women...
September 15, 2020: Ethnicity & Health
Iline Guan, Nicole Kirwan, Michaela Beder, Matthew Levy, Samuel Law
Changes to community psychiatry during COVID-19 are unprecedented and without clear guidelines. Minimizing disruption, ensuring quality care to the already vulnerable people with serious mental illness is crucial. We describe and reflect our adaptations and innovations at one community psychiatry program, based on three key principles. In (i) Defining and maintaining essential services while limiting risk of contagion, we discuss such strategies and ways to assess risks, implement infection control, and other creative solutions...
September 15, 2020: Community Mental Health Journal
Christopher A Kearney, Ricardo Sanmartín, Carolina Gonzálvez
School climate is a multidimensional construct of the quality of a student's academic environment, often subsuming dimensions such as safety, instructional practices, social relationships, school facilities, and school connectedness. Positive school climate has beneficial effects on a wide range of adjustment variables in youth, including academic achievement, mental health, school attendance and graduation, and school-based behavior. Studies regarding school climate assessment have burgeoned in recent years but remain marked by limited sample sizes, narrow developmental levels, restricted items, unclear psychometric strength across multiple demographic groups, and lack of integration with key student education contextual factors such as academic mindset and social emotional learning...
2020: Frontiers in Psychology
Yuehua Ding, Lijun Ji, Yue Hu
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is widely used in chemotherapy due to its minimal complications and simple wound care. This study explored the effects of tai chi on catheterrelated complications, catheter management ability, and quality of life in tumor patients with PICC at the intermission of chemotherapy. METHODS: This study was an open parallel trial. A total of 98 patients with malignant tumors who underwent long-term chemotherapy with PICC were randomly divided into an observation group (49 cases) and a control group (49 cases)...
September 2, 2020: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Viviane Kovess Masfety, Miriam J Woodward, Katherine Keyes, Adina Bitfoi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Ceren Koç, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Roy Otten, Mathilde Husky
PURPOSE: The present study seeks to examine gender differences in internalizing and externalizing problems either parent/teacher or self-reported and to investigate the influence of country-level gender gap on children's mental health problems across countries with high and low gender gap across Europe. METHODS: The School Children's Mental Health in Europe (SCMHE) survey collected data on primary school children living in six European countries, using self-reports (SR) from children (Dominic Interactive), as well as combination of parent- and teacherreports (P/T C) (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) to assess internalizing and externalizing mental health problems...
September 10, 2020: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sandra M Reyno, Maria Simmons, Jackie Kinley
Alexithymia and dissociation have been consistently linked in the literature, particularly in psychiatric populations. Both arise from a disconnection between conscious aspects of self-experiences and perceptions at both the mental self and bodily levels. This results in difficulty integrating thoughts, feelings and experiences into consciousness and memory, negatively impacting emotion awareness/regulation and reflective functioning. We conducted a meta-analysis to examine the strength of the relationship between alexithymia and dissociation in both clinical and non-clinical populations...
May 20, 2020: Research in psychotherapy: psychopathology, process, and outcome
Alicia Callejo-Black, David V Wagner, Krishnapriya Ramanujam, Ann Jeline Manabat, Sarah Mastel, Andrew R Riley
OBJECTIVE: We used the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework to conduct a systematic review of external validity reporting in integrated primary care (IPC) interventions for mental health concerns. METHODS:  We searched Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Center Register of Controlled Trials, and relevant literature to identify publications from 1998 to 2018 reporting on open, randomized, or quasi-randomized trials of IPC interventions that targeted child (ages 0-18 years) psychological symptoms...
September 10, 2020: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Chongjie Yao, Zhenrui Li, Shuaipan Zhang, Zhiwei Wu, Qingguang Zhu, Lei Fang
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the major concerns of the current health care. The guidelines for chronic LBP recommend traditional Chinese exercise as an effective treatment. As one of the representatives of traditional Chinese exercise, Wuqinxi has been famous in China for its effects on improving health and treating chronic diseases for thousands of years. The objectives of the study were to assess the effects of Wuqinxi in the patients with chronic LBP on pain intensity, trunk muscle strength, and quality of life...
2020: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Megan R Gerber, Sadie Elisseou, Zachary S Sager, Jessica A Keith
Background: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) entered the COVID-19 pandemic crisis with an existing and robust telehealth program, but it still faces a fundamental paradigm shift as most routine outpatient in-person care was converted to telehealth visits. Veterans are a highly trauma-exposed population, and VHA has long offered effective telemental health services. Natural disasters and pandemics like COVID-19 are known to be traumatic. Those with preexisting trauma exposure and mental health conditions are often at greater risk than the general population for long-term adverse health sequelae...
July 2020: Federal Practitioner
Fulvio Lauretani, Livia Ruffini, Maura Scarlattei, Marcello Maggio
BACKGROUND: The association between amyloid deposition and cognitive, behavioral and physical performance in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been poorly investigated, especially in older persons. METHODS: We studied the in vivo correlation between the amyloid deposition at Positron Emission Tomography (amyloid-PET) and the presence of memory loss, reduced executive function, neuropsychiatric symptoms and physical performance in older persons with MCI...
September 9, 2020: BMC Geriatrics
Jae Wan Yoo, Bo Young Hong, Leechan Jo, Joon-Sung Kim, Jung Geun Park, Bo Kyung Shin, Seong Hoon Lim
Background and objectives: Age might be a determinant that limits functional recovery in patients with stroke. Here, we investigated the effect of age on functional recovery within 30 months after stroke onset. Materials and Methods: This retrospective longitudinal study enrolled 111 patients with first-ever stroke. Functional recovery was assessed at 2 weeks and at 1, 6, and 30 months after stroke onset using the modified Barthel Index (MBI), modified Rankin Score (mRS), functional ambulation category (FAC), muscle strength, and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
September 7, 2020: Medicina
Dagmar Giese, Jörg Blau, Walter Knüppel, Aggi Neumann-Schiebener, Andreas Günther, Christian Reinhardt, Wolfram Windisch, Stefan Andreas
INTRODUCTION:  In recent years, the number of patients requiring mechanical ventilation has increased steadily. In some cases, weaning is not successful. These patients depend on home mechanical ventilation and intensive outpatient care. Surprisingly, most of these patients were never treated in a weaning center. Thus, weaning might still be possible in at least some of them. Health insurance companies have recognized this problem. METHODS:  AOK Hessen, a major health insurance company in the German federal state of Hesse, identified some starting points for improvement after having surveyed their patients in ambulant intensive care...
September 9, 2020: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Frank Petzke, Frietjof Bock, Michael Hüppe, Monika Nothacker, Heike Norda, Lukas Radbruch, Marcus Schiltenwolf, Matthias Schuler, Thomas Tölle, Anika Viniol, Winfried Häuser
The opioid epidemic in North America challenges national guidelines worldwide to define the importance of opioids for the management of chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). Methods: The second update of the German guidelines on long-term opioid therapy for CNCP was developed by 26 scientific associations and 2 patient self-help organizations. A systematic literature search in CENTRAL, Medline, and Scopus (to May 2019) was performed. Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials and open-label extension studies with opioids for CNCP were conducted...
September 2020: Pain Reports
D Brock Hewitt, Ryan J Ellis, Yue-Yung Hu, Elaine O Cheung, Judith T Moskowitz, Gaurava Agarwal, Karl Y Bilimoria
Importance: Physician burnout is a serious issue, given its associations with physician attrition, mental and physical health, and self-reported medical errors. Burnout is typically measured in health care by assessing the frequency of symptoms in 2 domains, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. However, the lack of a clinically diagnostic threshold to define burnout has led to considerable variability in reported burnout rates. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of burnout using a range of definitions (ie, requiring symptoms in both domains or just 1) and thresholds (ie, requiring symptoms to occur weekly vs a few times per year) and examine the strength of the association of various definitions of burnout with suicidal thoughts and thoughts of attrition among general surgery residents...
September 9, 2020: JAMA Surgery
Samuele Cortese, Marco Solmi, Gonzalo Arrondo, Andrea Cipriani, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Henrik Larsson, Christoph Correll
INTRODUCTION: Although several systematic reviews (SRs)/meta-analyses (MAs) on the association between specific mental disorders and specific somatic conditions are available, an overarching evidence synthesis across mental disorders and somatic conditions is currently lacking. We will conduct an umbrella review of SRs/MAs to test: 1) the strength of the association between individual mental disorders and individual somatic conditions in children/adolescents and adults; 2) to which extent associations are specific to individual mental and somatic conditions ...
September 8, 2020: Evidence-based Mental Health
Masayuki Ichinohe, Kanichiro Wada, Gentaro Kumagai, Sunao Tanaka, Toru Asari, On Takeda, Seiya Ota, Kazushige Koyama, Kazushige Ihara, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Yasuyuki Ishibashi
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic fractures constitute a major health concern in both women and men, particularly with the aging population. Many potential risk factors of vertebral fractures (VFx) have been identified in women, but not in men. Several reports have focused on the quality of life (QOL) of clinically diagnosed VFx, but not much has been reported on quantified QOL scores of incidental radiographic VFx in men. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the associated factors and the influence of incident radiographic VFx on QOL of men...
September 5, 2020: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
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