Kavitha Sothirasan, A J Anand, Rashmi Mittal, Poh Choo Khoo, Suresh Chandran
Background: Globally, mental health disorders and behavioural problems afflict persons with Down syndrome (DS) with a high prevalence reported in some studies. However, data on behavioural and emotional disorders in DS cohort in Asian countries are lacking. Aims: To assess the mental health status of children and adults with DS, using the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and its impact on caregivers using the impact supplement. Methods: The questionnaires were administered to caregivers of eligible participants aged ≥4 years...
October 2020: Heliyon
Mirte Boelens, Hein Raat, Junwen Yang-Huang, Gea M Schouten, Amy van Grieken, Wilma Jansen
Rationale: A range of family and neighbourhood indicators of socioeconomic status and migrant status have been shown to be associated with risk of mental health l problems (MHP) in children. In this study we determined the independent contributions of these indicators. Objectives: The main objective is to examine independent associations of family and neighbourhood socioeconomic status indicators and migrant status with risk of MHP in children. Methods: We analyzed data from an anonymous public health survey among 5010 parents/caretakers of children aged 4-12 years living in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, gathered in 2018...
December 2020: SSM—Population Health
Boram Lee, Jungtae Leem, Hyunho Kim, Hee-Geun Jo, Chan-Young Kwon
Background: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness (functional outcomes and clinical symptoms) and safety (incidence of adverse events) of herbal medicine (HM) as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy to conventional treatment (CT) for traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: We comprehensively searched 14 databases from their inception until July 2019. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using HM as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy to treat TBI patients were included. The primary outcome was functional outcomes, consciousness state, morbidity, and mortality...
2020: Frontiers in Neurology
Nicole Casali, Tommaso Feraco, Marta Ghisi, Chiara Meneghetti
The Covid-19 pandemic obliged people around the world to stay home and self-isolate, with a number of negative psychological consequences. This study focuses on the protective role of character strengths in sustaining mental health and self-efficacy during lockdown. Data were collected from 944 Italian respondents (mean age = 37.24 years, SD = 14.50) by means of an online survey investigating character strengths, psychological distress and Covid-19-related self-efficacy one month after lockdown began...
October 13, 2020: Journal of Happiness Studies
Yeqing Gu, Xiaoyue Li, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Shunming Zhang, Yawen Wang, Tingjing Zhang, Xuena Wang, Xingqi Cao, Huiping Li, Yunyun Liu, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Qiyu Jia, Kun Song, Zhong Sun, Kaijun Niu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that muscle-derived cytokines (myokines) are linked with brain function. Although muscle strength measured by handgrip strength is a prognostic indicator of functional decline, epidemiological studies directly examining the association between grip strength and mental health remain scarce. The aim of this study is to clarify the association between grip strength and depressive symptoms in the general adult population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 24,109 Chinese adults (41...
August 14, 2020: Journal of Affective Disorders
Filippo Familiari, Suresh K Nayar, Raffaella Russo, Marco De Gori, Francesco Ranuccio, Valerio Mastroianni, Ermes Giuzio, Olimpio Galasso, Giorgio Gasparini, Edward G McFarland, Uma Srikumaran
PURPOSE: To investigate associations between clinical/demographic parameters and Constant-Murley (CM) scores after subacromial balloon placement for massive, irreparable rotator cuff tears (MIRCTs) and to evaluate implant survival, shoulder function, and patient satisfaction. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed patients with rotator cuff tears deemed irreparable on preoperative MRI for whom nonoperative therapy was unsuccessful and who underwent balloon placement from 2014-2017 with minimum 1-year follow-up...
October 14, 2020: Arthroscopy
Thach Tran, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Ian Shochet, Astrid Wurfl, Jayne Orr, Nga Nguyen, Nga La, Hau Nguyen, Ruby Stocker, Trang Nguyen, Minh Le, Jane Fisher
INTRODUCTION: The Resourceful Adolescent Program (RAP) is an evidence-based resilience intervention for adolescents. Operating in a strength-focused paradigm, the programme uses an integration of cognitive behavioural therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy to improve coping skills and build resilience. This study aims to establish whether a culturally and linguistically adapted intervention informed by RAP principles is effective in increasing resilience, enhancing coping skills and preventing symptoms of depression and anxiety...
October 16, 2020: BMJ Open
Iliana V Kohler, Chiwoza Bandawe, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Collin F Payne, James Mwera, James Mkandawire, Hans-Peter Kohler
PURPOSE: The Mature Adults Cohort of the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health (MLSFH-MAC) contributes to global ageing studies by providing a rare opportunity to study the processes of individual and population ageing, the public health and social challenges associated with ageing and the coincident shifts in disease burdens, in a low-income, high HIV prevalence, sub-Saharan African (SSA) context. PARTICIPANTS: The MLSFH-MAC is an open population-based cohort study of mature adults aged 45+ years living in rural communities in three districts in Malawi...
October 16, 2020: BMJ Open
Miriam Urquiza, Iñaki Echeverria, Ariadna Besga, María Amasene, Idoia Labayen, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Julia Barroso, Mikel Aldamiz, Jon Irazusta
BACKGROUND: Older patients often experience a decline in physical function and cognitive status after hospitalization. Although interventions involving physical exercise are effective in improving functional performance, participation in physical exercise interventions among older individuals is low. We aimed to identify factors that contribute to exercise refusal among post-hospitalized older patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of recruitment data from a randomized controlled trial was conducted involving 495 hospitalized people ≥70 years old...
October 16, 2020: BMC Geriatrics
Marta San-Antolín, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Eva María Martínez-Jiménez, Daniel López-López, César Calvo-Lobo
San-Antolín, M, Rodríguez-Sanz, D, Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, R, Losa-Iglesias, ME, Martínez-Jiménez, EM, López-López, D, and Calvo-Lobo, C. Neuroticism traits and anxiety symptoms are exhibited in athletes with chronic gastrocnemius myofascial pain syndrome. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-Common psychological factors, such as anxiety or neurotic personality traits, seem to be associated with pain suffered by athletes. Gastrocnemius muscles present a high prevalence for injury in athletes. These muscles are a region in which myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) frequently develops...
October 15, 2020: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Rebecca B Hershow, H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Tran Viet Ha, Geetanjali Chander, Nguyen Vu Tuyet Mai, Teerada Sripaipan, Constantine Frangakis, David W Dowdy, Carl Latkin, Heidi E Hutton, Audrey Pettifor, Suzanne Maman, Vivian F Go
BACKGROUND: While the link between alcohol use and male-perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV) has been well-established, research is needed to test whether psychosocial factors interact with alcohol use to exacerbate IPV perpetration. We tested whether depressive symptoms influenced the strength and/or direction of the alcohol-IPV relationship among men with HIV in Vietnam. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis using data from a randomized controlled trial conducted in Thai Nguyen, Vietnam...
2020: PloS One
Mioni Giovanna, Martin Fischer, Samuel Shaki
There is a debate about whether and why we overestimate addition and underestimate subtraction results (Operational Momentum or OM effect). Spatial-attentional accounts of OM compete with a model which postulates that OM reflects a weighted combination of multiple arithmetic heuristics and biases (AHAB; Shaki, Pinhas, & Fischer, 2018). The present study addressed this debate with the theoretically diagnostic distinction between zero-problems (e.g., 3 + 0, 3 - 0) and non-zero problems (e.g., 2 + 1, 4 - 1) because AHAB, in contrast to all other accounts, uniquely predicts reverse OM for the latter problem type...
October 16, 2020: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
Habte Belete, Tilahun Ali, Getasew Legas
Background: Bipolar disorder is a severe mental illness and has huge morbidity and mortality. Relapse is a challenging treatment failure in patients with mental illness, especially in patients with bipolar which causes high economic and social burdens. In the mental health delivery system, relapse is common and can be defined as becoming ill again after apparent recovery and a worsening condition of psychiatric patients. Due to psychiatric patients that may stop medication on their own in contrary to the advice of mental health professionals, relapse of mood episodes, delayed remission, and residual symptoms usually leads to hospitalization, increased suicide risk, and/or impede psychosocial recover...
2020: Psychiatry Journal
Katarzyna Kisiel-Sajewicz, Jarosław Marusiak, Mónica Rojas-Martínez, Damian Janecki, Sławomir Chomiak, Łukasz Kamiński, Joanna Mencel, Miguel Ángel Mañanas, Artur Jaskólski, Anna Jaskólska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether computer-aided training (CAT) of motor tasks would increase muscle activity and change its spatial distribution in a patient with a bilateral upper-limb congenital transverse deficiency. We believe that our study makes a significant contribution to the literature because it demonstrates the usefulness of CAT in promoting the neuromuscular adaptation in people with congenital limb deficiencies and altered body image. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient with bilateral upper-limb congenital transverse deficiency and the healthy control subject performed 12 weeks of the CAT...
October 15, 2020: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Patricia Ibeziako, Colleen Barrett, Monique Ribeiro, Kevin Tsang
OBJECTIVE: The authors describe the participant outcomes and global impact of a structured international observership program in child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) at a United States (US) pediatric academic center. METHODS: The quality improvement phase of the observership program was conducted for 2 years and included 12 participants from 9 different countries. Observers utilized a question guide to describe their clinical and academic experiences in the US in relation to their countries...
October 14, 2020: Academic Psychiatry
Rasha El-Kotob, Matteo Ponzano, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Ian Janssen, Michelle E Kho, Veronica J Poitras, Robert Ross, Amanda Ross-White, Travis J Saunders, Lora M Giangregorio
The objective of this overview of systematic reviews was to determine the benefits and harms of resistance training (RT) on health outcomes in adults aged 18 years or older, compared with not participating in RT. Four electronic databases were searched in February 2019 for systematic reviews published in the past 10 years. Eligibility criteria were determined a priori for population (community dwelling adults), intervention (exclusively RT), comparator (no RT or different doses of RT), and health outcomes (critical: mortality, physical functioning, health-related quality of life, and adverse events; important: cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, mental health, brain health, cognitive function, cancer, fall-related injuries or falls, and bone health)...
October 2020: Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism
Carlos-María Alcover, Fernando Rodríguez, Yolanda Pastor, Helena Thomas, Mayelin Rey, José Luis Del Barrio
The confinement imposed by measures to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic may in the short and medium term have psychological and psychosocial consequences affecting the well-being and mental health of individuals. This study aims to explore the role played by group membership and social and personal identities as coping resources to face the experience of the COVID-19 confinement and radical disruption of social, work, family and personal life in a sample of 421 people who have experienced a month of strict confinement in the Region of Madrid...
October 12, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Tian Tian, Jia Li, Guiling Zhang, Jian Wang, Dong Liu, Changhua Wan, Jicheng Fang, Di Wu, Yiran Zhou, Wenzhen Zhu
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism may modulate the link between childhood trauma experience and psychopathology by altering trophic signaling on neuroplasticity. However, few multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) researches have investigated this gene-environment interaction on both structural and functional plasticity, thereby advancing knowledge about the etiology, prevention, and customized therapeutic directions of mental disease in individuals with childhood trauma experience...
October 11, 2020: Behavioural Brain Research
Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Jos H Verbeek, Angela Neumeyer-Gromen, Arco C Verhoeven, Ute Bültmann, Babs Faber
BACKGROUND: Work disability such as sickness absence is common in people with depression. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing work disability in employees with depressive disorders. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO until April 4th 2020. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cluster-RCTs of work-directed and clinical interventions for depressed people that included days of sickness absence or being off work as an outcome...
October 13, 2020: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Meng-Chen Lo, Rebecca Younk, Alik S Widge
Neurostimulation therapies for psychiatric disorders often have limited clinical efficacy. The limited efficacy might arise from a mismatch between therapy and disease mechanisms. Mental disorders are believed to arise from communication breakdown in distributed brain circuits, and thus altering connectivity between brain regions might be an effective way to restore normal brain communication. Synchronized neural oscillations (coherence) and synaptic strength are two common measures of brain connectivity. In this work, we developed an electrical stimulation method for altering narrow-frequency-band (theta, 5-8 Hz) coherence and synaptic strength...
October 13, 2020: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
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