keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33836538/comprehensive-review-of-cardiovascular-involvement-in-covid-19
#1
Ruff Joseph Macale Cajanding
COVID-19 has emerged as one of the most devastating and clinically significant infectious diseases of the last decade. It has reached global pandemic status at an unprecedented pace and has placed significant demands on health care systems worldwide. Although COVID-19 primarily affects the lungs, epidemiologic reports have shown that the disease affects other vital organs of the body, including the heart, vasculature, kidneys, brain, and the hematopoietic system. Of importance is the emerging awareness of the effects of COVID-19 on the cardiovascular system...
April 15, 2021: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33836501/individualized-blood-pressure-targets-in-the-postoperative-care-of-patients-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#2
Anna Lindner, Verena Rass, Bogdan-Andrei Ianosi, Alois Josef Schiefecker, Mario Kofler, Max Gaasch, Alberto Addis, Paul Rhomberg, Bettina Pfausler, Ronny Beer, Erich Schmutzhard, Claudius Thomé, Raimund Helbok
OBJECTIVE: Recent guidelines recommend targeting a systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 140 mm Hg in the early management of patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The optimal SBP targets for ICH patients after hematoma evacuation (HE) remain unclear. Here, the authors aimed to define the optimal SBP range based on multimodal neuromonitoring data. METHODS: Forty poor-grade ICH patients who had undergone HE and then monitoring of intracerebral pressure, brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2), and cerebral metabolism (via cerebral microdialysis [CMD]) were prospectively included...
April 9, 2021: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33836442/symptom-status-questionnaire-heart-failure-brazilian-version-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-content-validation
#3
Gabriela Nunes Dos-Santos, Ana Paula da-Conceição, Seongkum Heo, Renata Eloah de-Lucena-Ferretti-Rebustini, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de-Barros, Vinicius Batista Santos, Camila Takáo-Lopes
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, there are no instruments available to measure the presence, frequency, severity and distress related to heart failure (HF) symptoms. AIMS: To adapt the Symptom Status Questionnaire - HF (SSQ-HF) into Brazilian Portuguese and to examine the content validity of the adapted version. METHODS: The instrument was translated, back-translated and evaluated by an expert committee for semantic, idiomatic, cultural, and conceptual equivalences...
April 6, 2021: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33836441/the-effects-of-maintenance-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-with-a-focus-on-sex
#4
REVIEW
Mohiul Chowdhury, Fiorella A Heald, Juan C Sanchez-Delgado, Maureen Pakosh, Adriana M Jacome-Hortua, Sherry L Grace
Phase III/IV cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended to promote maintenance of benefits achieved during Phase II; there has been no meta-analysis to test this to date. This study determined the effects of maintenance CR on any outcome, with consideration of sex. Seven databases were searched from inception-January 2020. Randomized controlled trials on the effects of maintenance CR in cardiovascular disease patients who had graduated from CR were included. Level of evidence was evaluated with GRADEPro. 819 citations were identified, with 10 trials (21 papers) included (5238 participants; 859 [16...
April 6, 2021: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33836440/copd-exacerbations-are-related-to-poor-air-quality-in-innsbruck-a-retrospective-pilot-study
#5
Anna Boehm, Magdalena Aichner, Thomas Sonnweber, Ivan Tancevski, Thomas Fischer, Sabina Sahanic, Michael Joannidis, Guenter Weiss, Alex Pizzini, Judith Loeffler-Ragg
BACKGROUND: Triggers of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are diverse, potentially including airborne pollutants. OBJECTIVES: To analyze whether daily air pollution levels correlate with AECOPD frequency. METHODS: In this retrospective pilot-study, AECOPD frequency was recorded between 2010 and 2016 at the University Hospital of Innsbruck's emergency department and correlated with daily air quality parameters...
April 6, 2021: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33836407/the-administrative-risk-analysis-index-rai-a-does-not-predict-reintervention-or-mortality-within-30-days-in-patients-who-undergo-elective-open-or-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#6
Jeanette Man, Jun Xu
OBJECTIVE: Frailty scores are increasingly utilized to predict postoperative complications. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the administrative risk analysis index (RAI-A) can be used to predict reintervention or mortality within 30 days in patients who undergo elective open or endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to query data from elective open or endovascular aortic aneurysm repairs from 2011 to 2018...
April 6, 2021: Journal of Surgical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33836397/renal-replacement-therapy-modality-in-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Xiaoyang Zhou, Pingping Dong, Jianneng Pan, Hua Wang, Zhaojun Xu, Bixin Chen
PURPOSE: This network meta-analysis aims to compare the efficacy and safety of various renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the electronic databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different RRT modalities, including continuous RRT, intermittent RRT, hybrid RRT, and peritoneal dialysis (PD), in critically ill patients with AKI through July 26, 2020...
March 25, 2021: Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33836243/the-k-v-7-modulator-retigabine-is-an-efficacious-antiseizure-drug-for-delayed-treatment-of-organophosphate-induced-status-epilepticus
#8
Bryan S Barker, Jay Spampanato, Hilary S McCarren, Kyle Berger, Cecelia E Jackson, David T Yeung, F Edward Dudek, John H McDonough
Benzodiazepines are the primary treatment option for organophosphate (OP)-induced status epilepticus (SE), but these antiseizure drugs (ASDs) lose efficacy as treatment is delayed. In the event of a mass civilian or military exposure, significant treatment delays are likely. New ASDs that combat benzodiazepine-resistant, OP-induced SE are critically needed, particularly if they can be efficacious after a long treatment delay. This study evaluated the efficacy of the Kv 7 channel modulator, retigabine, as a novel therapy for OP-induced SE...
April 6, 2021: Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33836134/older-adults-in-skilled-nursing-facilities-demonstrate-low-physical-activity-during-and-after-discharge
#9
Julie A Stutzbach, Allison M Gustavson, Danielle L Derlein, Jeri E Forster, Rebecca S Boxer, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley
PURPOSE: This study sought to quantify physical activity and sedentary time among older adults during a skilled nursing facility (SNF) stay and after the transition home, a critical period when patients are at high risk for adverse events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study of physical activity and sedentary behavior during the last 3-5 days before discharge from SNF and the initial 3-5 days at home using accelerometers. Participants answered questions about perceived physical activity in the SNF and at home...
April 9, 2021: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33836045/analyzing-anatomic-pathology-on-call-summaries-to-improve-resident-education
#10
Ying Liu, Danielle Payne-Uprichard, Dorina Gui, Morgan A Darrow, Hooman H Rashidi, Karen Matsukuma
CONTEXT.—: Pathology on-call experiences help prepare trainees for successful transition from residency to independent practice, and as such are an integral component of training. However, few data exist on anatomic pathology resident on-call workload and experience. OBJECTIVE.—: To obtain an overall picture of the anatomic pathology on-call experience to inform and improve resident education. DESIGN.—: Retrospective and prospective review of the daily anatomic pathology on-call summaries from July 2016 to June 2020...
April 9, 2021: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835916/echo-syncnet-self-supervised-cardiac-view-synchronization-in-echocardiography
#11
Fatemeh Taheri Dezaki, Christina Luong, Tom Ginsberg, Robert Rohling, Ken Gin, Purang Abolmaesumi, Teresa Tsang
In echocardiography (echo), an electrocardiogram (ECG) is conventionally used to temporally align different cardiac views for assessing critical measurements. However, in emergencies or point-of-care situations, acquiring an ECG is often not an option, hence motivating the need for alternative temporal synchronization methods. Here, we propose Echo-SyncNet, a self-supervised learning framework to synchronize various cross-sectional 2D echo series without any human supervision or external inputs. The proposed framework takes advantage of two types of supervisory signals derived from the input data: spatiotemporal patterns found between the frames of a single cine (intra-view self-supervision) and interdependencies between multiple cines (inter-view self-supervision)...
April 9, 2021: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835905/update-in-covid-19
#12
Sanjay H Chotirmall, Lindsay M Leither, Başak Çoruh, Louisa L Y Chan, Anthony M Joudi, Samuel M Brown, Benjamin D Singer, Nitin Seam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835902/opioid-use-increases-the-risk-of-delirium-in-critically-ill-adults-independently-of-pain
#13
Matthew S Duprey, Sandra M A Dijkstra-Kersten, Irene J Zaal, Becky A Briesacher, Jane S Saczynski, John L Griffith, John W Devlin, Arjen J C Slooter
RATIONALE: It is unclear whether opioid use increases the risk of ICU delirium. Prior studies have not accounted for confounding including daily severity of illness, pain and competing events that may preclude delirium detection. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between ICU opioid exposure, opioid dose, and delirium occurrence. METHODS: In consecutive adults admitted >24 hours to the ICU, daily mental status was classified as awake without delirium, delirium, or unarousable...
April 9, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835901/are-adults-with-copd-vulnerable-to-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-risk
#14
C Arden Pope Iii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835899/update-in-interstitial-lung-disease-2020
#15
Anna J Podolanczuk, Alyson W Wong, Shigeki Saito, Joseph A Lasky, Christopher J Ryerson, Oliver Eickelberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835896/overnight-oximetry-derived-pulse-rate-variability-predicts-stroke-risk-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
AbdelKebir Sabil, Chloé Gervès-Pinquié, Margaux Blanchard, Mathieu Feuilloy, Wojciech Trzepizur, François Goupil, Thierry Pigeanne, Emmanuel Oger, Jean-Marc Girault, Frédéric Gagnadoux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2021: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835884/building-obstetric-provider-capacity-to-address-perinatal-depression-through-online-training
#17
Nancy Byatt, Grace A Masters, Janet Twyman, Anne Hunt, Charles Hamad, Melissa Maslin, Tiffany A Moore Simas
Background: Perinatal depression is common, underdiagnosed, and undertreated. Obstetric providers often do not receive training in perinatal depression, despite being the frontline providers for perinatal individuals. The objective of this study was to develop and pilot test an online training module to assess feasibility, efficacy, and acceptance in improving obstetric providers' knowledge, skills, and practices regarding perinatal depression. Materials and Methods: We designed, developed, and implemented an online, asynchronous, interactive educational module that trains obstetric providers to: (1) know the prevalence and impact of perinatal depression; (2) use validated tools for depression screening; (3) assess for depression; and (4) start and/or refer for treatment...
April 9, 2021: Journal of Women's Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835854/breastfeeding-in-incarcerated-settings-in-the-united-states-a-national-survey-of-frequency-and-policies
#18
Ifeyinwa V Asiodu, Lauren Beal, Carolyn Sufrin
Objectives : To assess the existence of prison and jail policies and practices that allow incarcerated women to breastfeed while in custody, and prevalence of women in custody who pumped human milk for their infants. Methods : We surveyed 22 state prison systems and 6 county jails from 2016 to 2017 about policies related to breastfeeding and other programs for pregnant and parenting women in custody. In addition, 11 prisons and 5 jails reported 6 months of monthly, prospective data on the number of women pumping human milk, as well as information on placement of infants born to women in custody...
April 8, 2021: Breastfeeding Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835715/an-evaluation-on-the-association-of-vancomycin-trough-concentration-with-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#19
Jiajia Ren, Yanli Hou, Jiamei Li, Ya Gao, Ruohan Li, Xuting Jin, Jingjing Zhang, Xiaochuang Wang, Gang Wang
To determine the impact of initial vancomycin trough concentration (VTC) on mortality in adult patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) undergoing vancomycin therapy. During their first ICU stay, patients with initial VTC records after vancomycin treatment were recruited from the eICU Collaborative Research Database to this multicenter retrospective cohort study, and classified into four groups according to VTC: less than 10, 10-15, 15-20, and greater than 20 mg/L. Multivariable logistic regression and sensitivity analyses were performed to explore the association of VTC, as a continuous and categorical variable, with mortality...
April 9, 2021: Clinical and Translational Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835685/classification-and-analysis-of-outcome-predictors-in-non-critically-ill-covid-19-patients
#20
Sergio Venturini, Daniele Orso, Francesco Cugini, Massimo Crapis, Sara Fossati, Astrid Callegari, Tommaso Pellis, Maurizio Tonizzo, Alessandro Grembiale, Alessia Rosso, Mario Tamburrini, Natascia D'Andrea, Luigi Vetrugno, Tiziana Bove
BACKGROUND: Early detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-infected patients who could develop a severe form of COVID-19 must be considered of great importance to carry out adequate care and optimise the use of limited resources. AIMS: To use several machine learning classification models to analyse a series of non-critically ill COVID-19 patients admitted to a general medicine ward to verify if any clinical variables recorded could predict the clinical outcome...
April 9, 2021: Internal Medicine Journal
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