Haoqi Sun, Aayushee Jain, Michael J Leone, Haitham S Alabsi, Laura N Brenner, Elissa Ye, Wendong Ge, Yu-Ping Shao, Christine L Boutros, Ruopeng Wang, Ryan A Tesh, Colin Magdamo, Sarah I Collens, Wolfgang Ganglberger, Ingrid V Bassett, James B Meigs, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Matthew D Li, Jacqueline T Chu, Michael L Dougan, Lawrence W Stratton, Jonathan Rosand, Bruce Fischl, Sudeshna Das, Shibani S Mukerji, Gregory K Robbins, M Brandon Westover
BACKGROUND: We sought to develop an automatable score to predict hospitalization, critical illness, or death for patients at risk for COVID-19 presenting for urgent care. METHODS: We developed the COVID-19 Acuity Score (CoVA) based on a single-center study of adult outpatients seen in respiratory illness clinics (RICs) or the emergency department (ED). Data was extracted from the Partners Enterprise Data Warehouse, and split into development (n = 9381, March 7-May 2) and prospective (n = 2205, May 3-14) cohorts...
October 24, 2020: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Bingwen Eugene Fan, Jensen Ng, Stephrene Seok Wei Chan, Dheepa Christopher, Allison Ching Yee Tso, Li Min Ling, Barnaby Edward Young, Lester Jun Long Wong, Christina Lai Lin Sum, Hwee Tat Tan, Mui Kia Ang, Gek Hsiang Lim, Kiat Hoe Ong, Ponnudurai Kuperan, Yew Woon Chia
Patients with COVID-19 are known to be at risk of developing both venous, arterial and microvascular thrombosis, due to an excessive immuno-thrombogenic response to the SARS-CoV-2 infection. Overlapping syndromes of COVID-19 associated coagulopathy with consumptive coagulopathy and microangiopathy can be seen in critically ill patients as well. Blood was collected from 12 Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients with severe COVID-19 who were on either mechanical ventilation or on high flow oxygen with a PaO2/FiO2 ratio of <300 mmHg...
October 24, 2020: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Kerri Basile, Kenneth McPhie, Ian Carter, Susan Alderson, Hossinur Rahman, Linda Donovan, Shanil Kumar, Tyna Tran, Danny Ko, Tharshini Sivaruban, Christine Ngo, Cheryl Toi, Matthew V O'Sullivan, Vitali Sintchenko, Sharon C-A Chen, Susan Maddocks, Dominic E Dwyer, Jen Kok
BACKGROUND: The detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in respiratory samples collected from persons recovered from COVID-19 does not necessarily indicate shedding of infective virions. By contrast, the isolation of SARS-CoV-2 using cell-based culture likely indicates infectivity, but there are limited data on the correlation between SARS-CoV-2 culture and PCR. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-five patients with varying severity of COVID-19 were tested (outpatients [n=178]), inpatients [n=12] and critically unwell patients admitted to the intensive care unit [ICU; n=5])...
October 24, 2020: Clinical Infectious Diseases
Humberto Bohorquez, Emily Bugeaud, Natalie Bzowej, Jennifer Scheuermann, Jonathan Hand, David Bruce, Ian Carmody, Ari Cohen, Shobha Joshi, John Seal, Dennis Sonnier, George Therapondos, Nigel Girgrah, Stephanie Anders, George E Loss
Liver transplantation (LT) using allografts from hepatitis C virus (HCV)-viremic/nucleic acid testing-positive donors' (DNAT+) organs into HCV-aviremic recipients (rHCV-) has been limited due to nearly universal HCV transmission and concerns regarding availability, safety, and efficacy post-LT with direct-acting antiviral (DAAs) therapy. We report our experience of LT using DNAT+ organs into rHCV- as a routine standard of care. Following verification of DAAs access, absence of critical drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with DAAs, and informed consent, allocated DNAT+ organs were offered to patients on the waiting list for LT irrespective of recipient HCV status...
October 24, 2020: Liver Transplantation
Stephen E Cassle, Roy P E Yanong, Deborah B Pouder, Carlos Rodriguez, Natalie Mylniczenko, Patrick M Thompson, Natalie K Stilwell, Kathy J Heym, Todd Harmon, Nicole I Stacy
Russian or Danube sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii) are an important, critically endangered roe-producing species. Despite a wealth of knowledge pertaining to other members of Acipenseridae there is very limited published information regarding baseline blood analytes in Russian sturgeon. The objectives of this study were 1) to establish reference intervals for a suite of hematological and biochemical data and 2) to compare plasma chemistry data to two point-of-care (POC) cartridges, tested on the VetScan iSTAT® 1 analyzer, that use heparinized whole blood for the assessment of clinically normal, aquacultured adult Russian sturgeon sedated with eugenol (Aqui-S® 20E) at a single institution...
October 23, 2020: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Khushboo Gala, Viral Desai, Nanlong Liu, Endashaw M Omer, Stephen A McClave
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Decades of research on nutrition and exercise on athletes and bodybuilders has yielded various strategies to promote anabolism and improve muscle health and growth. We reviewed these interventions in the context of muscle loss in critically ill patients. RECENT FINDINGS: For critically ill patients, ensuring optimum protein intake is important, potentially using a whey-containing source and supplemented with vitamin D and leucine. Agents like hydroxyl β-methylbutyrate and creatine can be used to promote muscle synthesis...
October 24, 2020: Current Nutrition Reports
Maximo O Brito, Caitlin M Dugdale, Michelle Collins-Ogle, Jessica Snowden, David A Wheeler
ID/HIV physicians and other healthcare professionals advocate within the healthcare system to ensure adults and children receive effective treatment. These advocacy skills can be used to inform domestic and global infectious diseases policies to improve healthcare systems and public health. ID/HIV physicians have a unique frontline perspective to share with federal policymakers regarding how programs and policies benefit patients and public health. Providing this input is critical to the enactment of legislation that will maximize the response to infectious diseases...
October 24, 2020: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Kishan Patel, Meera Pajpani
With an abundance of published literature, it is essential that primary care practitioners have the basic skills to determine which studies should impact their clinical decisions and which ones should not. This ability comes from having the skills required to critically appraise the literature. Critical appraisal is a fundamental part of being able to practice evidence-based dentistry, which is a General Dental Council requirement. This article will aim to provide practitioners with the key concepts of critical appraisal and introduce simple methods which can be adopted to aid in the reading of a research paper from a critical viewpoint...
October 2020: British Dental Journal
Manuel Röhrich, Patrick Naumann, Frederik Lars Giesel, Peter Choyke, Fabian Staudinger, Annika Wefers, Dawn P Liew, Clemens Kratochwil, Hendrik Rathke, Jakob Liermann, Klaus Herfarth, Dirk Jäger, Jürgen Debus, Uwe A Haberkorn, Matthias Lang, Stefan A Koerber
Purpose: Pancreatic ductal carcinoma (PDAC) is a highly lethal cancer and early detection and accurate staging are critical to prolonging survival. PDAC typically has a prominent stroma including cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) that express Fibroblast Activation Protein (FAP). FAP is a new target molecule for PET imaging of various tumors. In this retrospective study we describe the clinical impact of PET/CT imaging using 68 Ga-labelled FAP-Inhibitors (68 Ga-FAPI - PET/CT) in 19 patients with PDAC (7 primary, 12 progressive/recurrent)...
October 23, 2020: Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Zihui Tan, Choo Yen Ng, David Jenkins, Linda Barrow, Kamen Valchanov
OBJECTIVE: High-dose tranexamic acid (TXA) can cause seizures in patients who have undergone pulmonary endarterectomy (PTE). Seizures secondary to TXA will resolve once the drug is excreted from the body, and the patients do not have to be on long-term anticonvulsants. The aim of the study is to find out if medication review in the hospital has led to deprescribing of anticonvulsants for TXA-associated seizures on discharge from the critical care unit (CCU) and hospital. METHODS: This is a single-centre retrospective study conducted at a tertiary cardiothoracic hospital between 2012 and 2017...
November 2020: European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. Science and Practice
Divya Lakhaney, Sumeet L Banker
OBJECTIVES: The need for high-quality discharge summaries is critical to ensure safe transitions of care. Deficits may lead to lapses in communication and poor outcomes. In this study, we sought to characterize the completeness, accuracy, and quality of pediatric discharge summaries. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 200 discharge summaries of patients discharged from the general pediatrics service from July 2016 to October 2017 was conducted. These summaries were audited for 7 elements: admission date, discharge date, discharge diagnosis, medications, immunizations, pending laboratory tests, and follow-up appointments...
October 23, 2020: Hospital Pediatrics
John M Dennis, Bilal A Mateen, Raphael Sonabend, Nicholas J Thomas, Kashyap A Patel, Andrew T Hattersley, Spiros Denaxas, Andrew P McGovern, Sebastian J Vollmer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between type 2 diabetes and all-cause mortality among adults with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the critical care setting. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a nationwide retrospective cohort study in people admitted to hospital in England with COVID-19 requiring admission to a high dependency unit (HDU) or intensive care unit (ICU) between 1 March 2020 and 27 July 2020. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate 30-day in-hospital all-cause mortality associated with type 2 diabetes, with adjustment for age, sex, ethnicity, obesity, and other major comorbidities (chronic respiratory disease, asthma, chronic heart disease, hypertension, immunosuppression, chronic neurological disease, chronic renal disease, and chronic liver disease)...
October 23, 2020: Diabetes Care
Youngmin Cho, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
BACKGROUND: Assessing pain of critically ill patients with brain injuries who are unable to communicate is a challenge. Current behavioral scales are limited in accurate pain assessments for this population. AIMS: This study sought to investigate the behavioral and physiological responses induced by routine painful procedures in patients with brain injuries who are unable to communicate. METHODS: Using a repeated-measure within-subject observational study design, 12 participants admitted to an intensive care unit were observed before, during, and 15 minutes after a nonnociceptive (noninvasive blood pressure measurement) procedure and three nociceptive (suctioning, turning, and trapezius pinch) procedures...
October 20, 2020: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
M Contreras-Molina, A Rueda-Núñez, M L Pérez-Collado, A García-Maestro
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of music therapy on anxiety and pain in critical polytraumatised patients admitted to the resuscitation unit of a tertiary level hospital in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Randomised clinical trial conducted in a tertiary level hospital, from June 2016 to May 2018. The study sample was 60 patients, 30 belonging to the intervention group (IG), and 30 to the control group (CG). The IG were given a 30-minute music session and heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) were measured...
October 20, 2020: Enfermería Intensiva
L V Marino, F V Valla, L N Tume, C Jotterand-Chaparro, C Moullet, L Latten, K Joosten, S C A T Verbruggen
There are reports of children COVID-19 or COVID-19 like symptoms with hyperinflammatory multisystem syndrome, ARDS, gastrointestinal and atypical Kawasaki disease presenting to PICU worldwide temporally associated with COVID-19, for which there are important nutrition support considerations. As a result, the European Society of Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care - Metabolism, Endocrine and Nutrition group (ESPNIC-MEN) and paediatric nutritionists working in PICUs are being consulted regarding nutrition management of critically ill children with COVID-19 or COVID-19 like symptoms...
October 12, 2020: Clinical Nutrition
Oluwakemi A Rotimi, Tolulope D Olawole, Opeyemi C De Campos, Isaacson B Adelani, Solomon O Rotimi
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic ubiquitous environmental toxicant present in many industrial and consumer products. BPA is recognized as an endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC), and its mechanisms of perturbation of the physiological process include interference with hormone pathways and epigenetic modifications. An increase in industrial productions and food packaging across Africa has resulted in increased utilization of BPA-containing products with a concomitant increase in environmental bioaccumulation and human exposure...
October 9, 2020: Science of the Total Environment
Kimberly D Johnson, Brittany E Punches, Carolyn R Smith
INTRODUCTION: Triage is an important process to determine severity of illness and prioritize patient emergencies while also ensuring patient safety. The emergency nurse must use critical thinking and decision-making to identify life-threatening emergencies and improve patient outcomes. However, the addition of risk screenings and quality improvement initiatives has extended the triage process time, which may increase interruptions and opportunities for errors. The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study was to determine emergency nurse perceptions of current triage processes and categorize essential and nonessential triage components...
October 20, 2020: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Connie M Ulrich, Cynda H Rushton, Christine Grady
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses are an essential workforce group across the globe. They use their expertise and skill sets every day in clinical practice to protect, promote, and advocate on behalf of patients and families under their care. PURPOSE: In this article we discuss the physical, emotional, and moral stresses that nurses are experiencing in their day-to-day practice settings created by the novel coronavirus. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: We consider the demands placed on nurses by unexpected patient surges within hospital environments and inadequate personal protective equipment and other critical resources, challenging nurses' ability to meet their professional and ethical obligations...
September 1, 2020: Nursing Outlook
Alison Moriarty Daley, Lisa Lestishock, Patience H White
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the perspectives of pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs) on the shift from pediatric to adolescent-focused health care services (HCS). This movement coincides with the early stages of the health care transition process. METHOD: Conference attendees (N = 170) participated in a discussion on the shift from pediatric to adolescent-focused HCS. A secondary analysis was conducted. Data were analyzed for themes using content analysis...
November 2020: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Shannon Page, Dana Hazen, Kristen Kelley, Ranjeet Singh, Richard B Rodgers, Brian Brewer, Joshua Sadowski, Armisha Desai, Cole Beeler, Douglas Webb, Jose Azar, Lana Dbeibo
Over diagnosis of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) contributes to unnecessary and excessive antibiotic use, selection for resistant organisms, increased risk for Clostridiodes difficile infections, as well as a false elevation in CAUTI rates. Utilizing agile implementation to implement a urine culture algorithm achieved statistically significant reduction in CAUTI rates in a critical care unit resulting in sustainment and spread throughout the system.
November 2020: American Journal of Infection Control
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