Alice Norah Ladur, Edwin van Teijlingen, Vanora Hundley
BACKGROUND: Maternal health programmes that focus on the woman alone are limiting in LMICs as pregnant women often relate to maternity services through a complex social web that reflects power struggles within the kinship and the community. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to explore the rationale for male involvement in maternal health in LMICs. This review was guided by the question: What is the current state of knowledge regarding the inclusion of men in maternal health services in LMICs? The literature search was conducted using mySearch, Bournemouth University`s iteration of the EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS) tool...
July 14, 2021: Midwifery
Myron Yaster, Sean H Flack, Lynn D Martin, Philip G Morgan
Dr. Anne Marie Lynn (1949 -present), Professor Emeritus of Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine, and Pediatrics at the University of Washington, Seattle was one of the most influential women in pediatric anesthesiology of her generation. Dr. Lynn embodies the spirit of discovery and advancement that have created the practice of pediatric anesthesiology as we know it today. A pioneer in pain medicine pharmacology, particularly morphine and ketorolac, her research transformed pediatric anesthesia, pediatric pain medicine, and pediatric intensive care medicine...
July 22, 2021: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Dorthe Brogård Kristensen, Alev Pinar Kuruoglu, Signe Banke
In the past few years, self-tracking technologies have been celebrated for the possibilities they offer to 'optimize' fitness and wellbeing, yet also criticized for being rigid and isolating. In this article, we identify complex tracking arrangements that consist of a variety of data and multiple modalities of tracking emplaced within arrangements of actors and objects (digital/analog tracking devices and data output). We inquire into how these arrangements afford care. Based on our ethnographic research of gym culture in Denmark, we find that individuals make the technologies 'work' for them in ways that shield them from bodily or emotional distress...
July 22, 2021: Sociology of Health & Illness
Zaw Myo Tun, Dale A Fisher, Sharon Salmon, Clarence C Tam
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is endemic in hospitals worldwide. Intrahospital transfers may impact MRSA acquisition risk experienced by patients. In this study, we investigated ward characteristics and connectivity that are associated with MRSA acquisition. METHODS: We analysed electronic medical records on patient transfers and MRSA screening of in-patients at an acute-care tertiary hospital in Singapore to investigate whether ward characteristics and connectivity within a network of in-patient wards were associated with MRSA acquisition rates over a period of four years...
2021: PloS One
Kathrin Loosli, Alicia Davis, Adrian Muwonge, Tiziana Lembo
Universal access to healthcare, including quality medicines, is a fundamental human right but is still out of reach for many in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). An existing framework capturing variability of access to healthcare in low-resource settings includes the 5 dimensions: availability, accessibility, affordability, adequacy, and acceptability. This framework encompasses key components, including health infrastructure and means to access it as well as service organisation, costs, and factors that influence users' satisfaction...
July 2021: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Alexander P Sah
Complications such as joint infection or delayed wound healing can lead to morbidity and elevated health care costs after total joint arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of running knotless barbed suture vs standard monofilament suture wound closure with respect to wound drainage and healing complications after total joint arthroplasty. For this study, 1000 joint arthroplasty patients were prospectively randomized to have fascial, soft tissue, and skin closure with knotless barbed suture vs standard suture during the period 2016 to 2018...
July 2021: Orthopedics
Walter H Curioso, William R Peña-Ayudante, Elsa Oscuvilca-Tapia
The COVID-19 pandemic requires an urgent action to transform health-care delivery and to promote research and capacity-building nursing programs. Specifically, many countries at the global level have described nursing informatics as an essential competence for nurse professionals. In Peru, nursing personnel represents the largest health workforce group and nursing informatics is still emerging, but the field appear to hold much promise. In this sense, the Peruvian Ministry of Health (MoH) defined in 2020 the core nursing competences, which included a technology and innovation domain...
July 22, 2021: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Shuanglei Li, Jing Xiong, Zhongtao Du, Wei Lai, Xinhua Ma, Zhichun Feng, Yuan Shi, Xiaoyang Hong, Yundai Chen
PURPOSE: The role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenatio (ECMO) for rescue therapy of respiratory failure in critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients remains controversial. We aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of ECMO in the treatment of COVID-19 compared with conventional ventilation support. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, data were collected on extremely critical patients with COVID-19 from January 2020 to March 2020 in intensive care unit of a hospital in charge by national rescue team in Wuhan, China, the epicenter of pandemic...
July 22, 2021: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
Mario B Prado, Karen Joy Adiao
Current myasthenia gravis guidelines recommend intravenous immunoglobulin or plasmapheresis and discontinuation of pyridostigmine during myasthenic crisis. However, intravenous immunoglobulin or plasmapheresis is expensive and frequently not available in developing countries. This study aims to summarize the evidence of giving an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor in myasthenic crisis. Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases and references were searched for observational studies that determined the use of acetylcholinesterase inhibitor in myasthenic crisis...
July 22, 2021: Neurocritical Care
Ashkan Shoamanesh, Christy Cassarly, Andrea Morotti, Javier M Romero, Jamary Oliveira-Filho, Frieder Schlunk, Michael Jessel, Kenneth Butcher, Laura Gioia, Alison Ayres, Anastasia Vashkevich, Kristin Schwab, Mohammad Rauf Afzal, Renee H Martin, Adnan I Qureshi, Steven M Greenberg, Jonathan Rosand, Joshua N Goldstein
BACKGROUND: With the increasing use of magnetic resonance imaging in the assessment of acute intracerebral hemorrhage, diffusion-weighted imaging hyperintense lesions have been recognized to occur at sites remote to the hematoma in up to 40% of patients. We investigated whether blood pressure reduction was associated with diffusion-weighted imaging hyperintense lesions in acute intracerebral hemorrhage and whether such lesions are associated with worse clinical outcomes by analyzing imaging data from a randomized trial...
July 22, 2021: Neurocritical Care
Christina Scharf, Ines Schroeder, Michael Paal, Martin Winkels, Michael Irlbeck, Michael Zoller, Uwe Liebchen
BACKGROUND: A cytokine storm is life threatening for critically ill patients and is mainly caused by sepsis or severe trauma. In combination with supportive therapy, the cytokine adsorber Cytosorb® (CS) is increasingly used for the treatment of cytokine storm. However, it is questionable whether its use is actually beneficial in these patients. METHODS: Patients with an interleukin-6 (IL-6) > 10,000 pg/ml were retrospectively included between October 2014 and May 2020 and were divided into two groups (group 1: CS therapy; group 2: no CS therapy)...
July 22, 2021: Annals of Intensive Care
Maeva Rodriguez, Stéphanie Ragot, Rémi Coudroy, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Philippe Vignon, Jean-Marie Forel, Alexandre Demoule, Jean-Paul Mira, Jean-Damien Ricard, Saad Nseir, Gwenhael Colin, Bertrand Pons, Pierre-Eric Danin, Jérome Devaquet, Gwenael Prat, Hamid Merdji, Franck Petitpas, Emmanuel Vivier, Armand Mekontso-Dessap, Mai-Anh Nay, Pierre Asfar, Jean Dellamonica, Laurent Argaud, Stephan Ehrmann, Muriel Fartoukh, Christophe Girault, René Robert, Arnaud W Thille, Jean-Pierre Frat
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients with obesity may have an increased risk of difficult intubation and subsequent severe hypoxemia. We hypothesized that pre-oxygenation with noninvasive ventilation before intubation as compared with high-flow nasal cannula oxygen may decrease the risk of severe hypoxemia in patients with obesity. METHODS: Post hoc subgroup analysis of critically ill patients with obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg·m-2 ) from a multicenter randomized controlled trial comparing preoxygenation with noninvasive ventilation and high-flow nasal oxygen before intubation of patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (PaO2 /FiO2  < 300 mm Hg)...
July 22, 2021: Annals of Intensive Care
A Gromer, P Pflüger, M Dommasch, K-G Kanz, C Kirchhoff, P Biberthaler
The success of a surgical procedure is significantly influenced by several critical factors. The safety of the patient is the primary goal. To this end, the term surgical preparation covers a number of procedures aiming to ensure the safety for the patient and a successful surgical intervention: verifying the indications, planning the intervention, identification of potential harmful factors, risks and countermeasures, patient education and documentation. Trauma surgery poses a particular challenge to preoperative preparation, especially due to urgent surgical interventions...
July 22, 2021: Der Unfallchirurg
Robert Klitzman
Studies of rapidly advancing biomedical and electronic technologies, ongoing needs to address health disparities, and new online educational modalities are vital to ensure that medical education meets the changing needs of trainees and the public. As medical education continues to evolve, research is increasingly critical to help improve it, but medical education research can pose unique ethical challenges. As research participants, medical trainees may face several risks, and in many ways constitute a vulnerable group...
July 20, 2021: Academic Medicine
Jayakumar Sreenivasan, Sagar Ranka, Shubham Lahan, Ahmed Abu-Haniyeh, Heyi Li, Risheek Kaul, Aaqib Malik, Wilbert S Aronow, William H Frishman, Steven Lansman
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is characterized by a clinical spectrum of diseases ranging from asymptomatic or mild cases to severe pneumonia with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) requiring mechanical ventilation. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used as rescue therapy in appropriate patients with COVID-19 complicated by ARDS refractory to mechanical ventilation. In this study, we review the indications, challenges, complications and clinical outcomes of ECMO utilization in critically ill patients with COVID-19 related ARDS...
July 20, 2021: Cardiology in Review
Fernando Jose da Silva Ramos, Flávio Geraldo Rezende de Freitas, Flavia Ribeiro Machado
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss why severe COVID-19 should be considered sepsis and how co-infection and secondary infection can aggravate this condition and perpetuate organ dysfunction leading to high mortality rates. RECENT FINDINGS: In severe COVID-19, there is both direct viral toxicity and dysregulated host response to infection. Although both coinfection and/or secondary infection are present, the latest is of greater concern mainly in resource-poor settings...
July 20, 2021: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Anthea Jeftha, Tina Roberts, Faheema Kimmie-Dhansay
BACKGROUND: The increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its associated complications is burdensome to the South African health system. Understanding the role of comorbid diseases, such as periodontal disease (PD), and their effect on metabolic control in patients with DM in South Africa will raise awareness about the importance of periodontal interventions among patients with DM in South Africa. OBJECTIVE: The review will aim to determine the effect of PD on the metabolic control of T2DM in a South African population...
July 22, 2021: JMIR Research Protocols
Kristin Litzelman, Hyojin Choi, Molly Maher, Autumn Harnish
OBJECTIVE: To better understand how cancer caregivers engage with mental healthcare, this exploratory study sought to assess the distribution and correlates of visit characteristics for mental health-related medical care among spouses of cancer survivors. METHODS: Using nationally representative data from the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey, we assessed the proportion of caregivers who received a mental health-related prescription or psychotherapy visit across care settings (office based, outpatient hospital, emergency room, or inpatient visit), provider type (psychiatric, primary care, other specialty, or other), and visit purpose (regular checkup, diagnosis and treatment, follow-up, psychotherapy, other), and the health condition(s) associated with the visit...
July 22, 2021: Psycho-oncology
Matthias Peter Hilty, André Moser, Sascha David, Pedro David Wendel Garcia, Giuliana Capaldo, Stefanie Keiser, Thierry Fumeaux, Philippe Guerci, Jonathan Montomoli, Thomas P Van Boeckel, Marie-Madlen Jeitziner, Yok-Ai Que, Stefan Jakob, Reto Andreas Schüpbach, Risc-Icu Investigators For Switzerland
AIMS OF THE STUDY: During the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the launch of a large-scale vaccination campaign and virus mutations have hinted at possible changes in transmissibility and the virulence affecting disease progression up to critical illness, and carry potential for future vaccination failure. To monitor disease development over time with respect to critically ill COVID-19 patients, we report near real-time prospective observational data from the RISC-19-ICU registry that indicate changed characteristics of critically ill patients admitted to Swiss intensive care units (ICUs) at the onset of a third pandemic wave...
July 19, 2021: Swiss Medical Weekly
Kimberly D Lomis, George C Mejicano, Kelly J Caverzagie, Seetha U Monrad, Martin Pusic, Karen E Hauer
In 2010, several key works in medical education predicted the changes necessary to train modern physicians to meet current and future challenges in health care, including the standardization of learning outcomes paired with individualized learning processes. The reframing of a medical expert as a flexible, adaptive team member and change agent, effective within a larger system and responsive to the community's needs, requires a new approach to education: competency-based medical education (CBME). CBME is an outcomes-based developmental approach to ensuring each trainee's readiness to advance through stages of training and continue to grow in unsupervised practice...
July 2021: Medical Teacher
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