Stephanie Chambers-Baltz, Douglas Knutson, Kathleen Chwalisz, Amber Canby, Tyler Kane
PURPOSE: Employee turnover is a major issue for health care organizations. Burnout is a leading contributor to such turnover. Extensive research on burnout has been conducted in health care settings; however, it has primarily been focused on health care professionals ignoring other critical staff. In particular, traumatic brain injury rehabilitation is an area of health care that includes unique challenges and stressors that may contribute to burnout. Brain injury professionals report experiencing high levels of burnout that further increase as they spend more time with patients; however, little is known about the experiences of brain injury paraprofessionals...
November 28, 2022: Rehabilitation Psychology
Taro Tamakawa, Hiroshi Endoh, Natuo Kamimura, Kazuki Deuchi, Kei Nishiyama
BACKGROUND: Elevated blood lactate levels were reported as effective predictors of clinical outcome and mortality in ICU. However, there have been no studies simply comparing the timing of measuring lactates before vs. after ICU admission. METHODS: A total of 19,226 patients with transfer time ≤ 24 hr were extracted from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care IV database (MIMIC-IV). After 1:1 propensity score matching, the patients were divided into two groups: measuring lactates within 3 hr before (BICU group, n = 4,755) and measuring lactate within 3 hr after ICU admission(AICU group, n = 4,755)...
2022: PloS One
Suqing Chen, Chenxia Zhang, Wanling Li
BACKGROUND: It is necessary to evaluate the effects of competency-based training (CBT) model in the clinical training of new nurses, to provide insights to the management of nurses. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database, Wanfang and Weipu Databases for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the application effect of CBT in new nurse training up to December 15, 2021...
2022: PloS One
Daniel Skinner, Brad Wright
CONTEXT: Though community health centers (CHCs) arose in the 1960s as part of a Democratic policy push committed to social justice, subsequent support has been shaped by a paradoxical politics wherein Republican and Democratic support for CHCs continually morphed in response to changes in the health policy landscape. METHODS: Drawing on the CHC literature and empirical examples from first-hand accounts and reporting, we explain CHCs' curious historical development from 1965 to present...
November 23, 2022: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
Kirby Goidel, Timothy Callaghan, David J Washburn, Tasmiah Nuzhath, Julia Scobee, Abigail Spiegelman, Matt Motta
CONTEXT: Previous research has established the importance of primary care physicians in communicating public health directives. The implicit assumption is that, because of their expertise, doctors provide accurate and up-to-date information to their patients, independent of partisan affiliation or media trust. METHODS: Using an online survey of 625 primary care physicians, this paper tests (1) whether physicians trust media outlets consistent with their partisanship and (2) whether trust in media outlets influences (a) personal concern someone in their family will get sick; (b) perceptions about the seriousness of the pandemic as portrayed in the media; and (c) trust in federal government agencies and scientists...
November 23, 2022: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
Christopher Harrington Facem, Jimmy Bliss Facem, Leon Lam Franzcr, Christopher Partyka Facem
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of the serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) in the prehospital and retrieval environment including the ability to accurately identify those patients with thoracic trauma and clinically suspected rib fractures who would benefit from this procedure. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of all patients with thoracic trauma and clinically suspected rib fractures who received SAPB by a prehospital and retrieval medical team in New South Wales, Australia, between 2018 and 2021...
November 28, 2022: Prehospital Emergency Care
Hwa-Young Lee, Md Juel Rana, Rockli Kim, S V Subramanian
IMPORTANCE: In India, the district serves as the primary policy unit for implementing and allocating resources for various programs aimed at improving key developmental and health indicators. Recent evidence highlights that high-quality care for mothers and newborns is critical to reduce preventable mortality. However, the geographic variation in maternal and newborn health service quality has never been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To examine the variation between smaller areas within districts in the quality of maternal and newborn care in India...
November 1, 2022: JAMA Network Open
Cinnamon A Dixon, Tammara Jenkins, Valerie Maholmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2022: JAMA Pediatrics
Rodrigo A Cornejo, Jorge Montoya, Abraham I J Gajardo, Jerónimo Graf, Leyla Alegría, Romyna Baghetti, Anita Irarrázaval, César Santis, Nicolás Pavez, Sofía Leighton, Vinko Tomicic, Daniel Morales, Carolina Ruiz, Pablo Navarrete, Patricio Vargas, Roberto Gálvez, Victoria Espinosa, Marioli Lazo, Rodrigo A Pérez-Araos, Osvaldo Garay, Patrick Sepúlveda, Edgardo Martinez, Alejandro Bruhn
BACKGROUND: Prone positioning is currently applied in time-limited daily sessions up to 24 h which determines that most patients require several sessions. Although longer prone sessions have been reported, there is scarce evidence about the feasibility and safety of such approach. We analyzed feasibility and safety of a continuous prolonged prone positioning strategy implemented nationwide, in a large cohort of COVID-19 patients in Chile. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of mechanically ventilated COVID-19 patients with moderate-to-severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), conducted in 15 Intensive Care Units, which adhered to a national protocol of continuous prone sessions  ≥ 48 h and until PaO2 :FiO2 increased above 200 mm Hg...
November 28, 2022: Annals of Intensive Care
Yannic-Tomas Abulesz, Moritz Haugk
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the emergency department of a municipal hospital in Vienna began to perform noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on patients admitted for acute respiratory failure, given no intubation criteria were met. The intention of this study was to show to which type of hospital unit patients were transferred after undergoing NIV in the emergency department. Additionally, the impact of the underlying disease, a patient's sex and age and the year of intervention were analyzed...
November 28, 2022: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2022: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Alasdair M J MacLullich, Annmarie Hosie, Zoë Tieges, Daniel H J Davis
Delirium presents formidable challenges: it affects one in four of older hospitalised adults, greatly elevates the risk of multiple short- and long-term complications including dementia and causes significant distress. Delirium care remains generally poor. Yet, there are clear grounds for optimism; the last decade has seen impactful policy advances and a tripling of research output. Here, we highlight three linked areas which have strong potential to transform delirium practice and knowledge in the near term...
November 2, 2022: Age and Ageing
Gabriele Caggianelli, Silvia Sferrazza, Kusumam Pampoorickal, Roberto Accettone, Marco Di Nitto, Dhurata Ivziku, Jacopo Fiorini, Daniela D'Angelo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to evaluate the effectiveness of transitional care interventions for seriously ill patients and their caregivers. INTRODUCTION: Seriously ill patients and their caregivers may have complex health and social care needs that require services from numerous providers across multiple sectors. Transitional care interventions have been designed to enhance a collaborative approach among providers to facilitate the care transition process...
November 29, 2022: JBI evidence synthesis
Yael Sela, Keren Grinberg, Dan Nemet
We examined how well-baby care nurses perceive communication with parents regarding their children's obesity and identified main communication barriers. Pediatric obesity is a significant public health concern, and health care personnel are among the first to detect overweight and the first to offer assistance to parents. Yet, research suggests that when nurses identify a weight problem in children, they may have trouble initiating this discussion. This qualitative study, using semi-structured interviews with 20 public health nurses, addressed potential obstacles nurses face when discussing young children's weight...
December 2022: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
Hila Ariela Dafny, Stephanie Champion, Vincent Pearson, Shannon Brown
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to investigate the experience of workplace violence against nursing students on clinical placement. INTRODUCTION: Workplace violence affects nursing students during clinical placements in hospitals and other health care settings. Nursing students are uniquely vulnerable to workplace violence due to their limited experience and skills in challenging abusive behavior. Up to half of nursing students have reported experiencing horizontal or lateral physical or verbal violence during clinical placement, both from colleagues and patients...
November 29, 2022: JBI evidence synthesis
Manel Abid, Isabelle Demers, Catherine Mercier, Désirée B Maltais
BACKGROUND: The Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) is the most widely used questionnaire for the assessment of children participation. While several cultural adaptations and translations exist, the quality of the methods used to produce them, as well as their psychometric properties, remains unclear. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the different translated and/or culturally adapted versions of the CAPE for children and youth with and without disabilities...
November 28, 2022: Child: Care, Health and Development
Annika Reintam Blaser, Jean-Charles Preiser, Alastair Forbes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Biomarkers proposed to provide prognosis or to determine the response to enteral nutrition have been assessed in a number of experimental and clinical studies which are summarized in the current review. RECENT FINDINGS: There are several pathophysiological mechanisms identified which could provide biomarkers to determine response to enteral nutrition. Several biomarkers have been studied, most of them insufficiently and none of them has made its way to clinical practice...
November 25, 2022: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Doris Gebhard, Michael Herz
Making home care a healthy workplace is a societal concern but research on specific interventions is still scarce. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an initial overview of interventions addressing home care workers' health. All (quasi-) experimental studies, presenting any intervention among home care employees, and reporting any outcome related to occupational health, safety, or well-being were included. PsycArticles, Medline, PubMed, and Web of Science were searched from January 2000 to February 2022...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Evy Nazon, Isabelle St-Pierre, Denise Pangop
AIM: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the perception of nurses about their roles in medical-surgical units. BACKGROUND: As a result of ever-changing work environments, medical-surgical nurses find it difficult to know and practice according to the full scope of their roles. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study. METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with 21 nurses on three campuses of a large tertiary care hospital located in Quebec, Canada...
November 28, 2022: Nursing Open
Benjamin Shickel, Brandon Silva, Tezcan Ozrazgat-Baslanti, Yuanfang Ren, Kia Khezeli, Ziyuan Guan, Patrick J Tighe, Azra Bihorac, Parisa Rashidi
Transformer model architectures have revolutionized the natural language processing (NLP) domain and continue to produce state-of-the-art results in text-based applications. Prior to the emergence of transformers, traditional NLP models such as recurrent and convolutional neural networks demonstrated promising utility for patient-level predictions and health forecasting from longitudinal datasets. However, to our knowledge only few studies have explored transformers for predicting clinical outcomes from electronic health record (EHR) data, and in our estimation, none have adequately derived a health-specific tokenization scheme to fully capture the heterogeneity of EHR systems...
2022: Frontiers in digital health
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