Ariel Tenenbaum, Rotem Rephaeli, Malena Cohen-Cymberknoh, Diana Aberbuch, David Rekhtman
OBJECTIVES: Hydrocarbon intoxication in children still occurs, although it is preventable. It may cause a variety of clinical manifestations, involving the respiratory system and the nervous system. Our goal was to investigate all cases of hydrocarbon poisoning in children hospitalized in the Hadassah-Hebrew university hospitals in Jerusalem due to exposure to hydrocarbon in 2 decades. METHODS: We retrieved the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of all children who were admitted to our hospitals because of hydrocarbon intoxication in 2 decades...
May 15, 2020: Pediatric Emergency Care
Himan Galappaththi
Sri Lanka is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, characterized by tropical weather, with an estimated population of 21.4 million in 2017, one third of them being children. Advancing and rapidly changing technology, novel industries, consumer goods and equipment have introduced new health hazards of a chemical, biological and physical nature to future generations. The infant mortality rate has declined to around 8-9 per 100,000 since 2015. Congenital malformations were the most significant cause of neonatal death...
March 5, 2020: Reviews on Environmental Health
Surjeet Kumar, T K Kavitha, Suresh K Angurana
Kerosene poisoning is one of the most common accidental poisoning in children in developing countries due common use of kerosene in house-hold and unsafe storage practices. Aspiration pneumonitis is the most common manifestation of kerosene ingestion due to its low viscosity, high volatility, and low surface tension. The treatment of aspiration pneumonitis due to kerosene poisoning is symptomatic including oxygen support, respiratory monitoring, and careful monitoring of fluid balance. Children with severe respiratory distress and hypoxemia unresponsive to supplemental oxygen and/or severe central nervous system involvement require early intubation and mechanical ventilation...
December 2019: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Mounika V Reddy, Saptharishi L Ganesan, Karthik Narayanan, Muralidharan Jayashree, Sunit C Singhi, Karthi Nallasamy, Arun Bansal, Arun K Baranwal
OBJECTIVES: Hydrocarbons are a common cause of accidental poisoning in children, with kerosene being the most implicated agent in rural parts of India. However, lately, liquid mosquito repellent ingestion is emerging as an important cause of hydrocarbon (kerosene) poisoning in urban households. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series over a 5-y period (January 2013 - December 2017) of children with accidental liquid mosquito repellent ingestion presenting to the pediatric emergency...
January 2020: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Murilo Sérgio Valente-Aguiar, Teresa Magalhães, Ricardo Jorge Dinis-Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) is a major and ubiquitous component of fire atmospheres produced when organic matter is burned in an inadequate supply of oxygen. Accidental poisoning by CO is common in cold climates where fireplaces, a gas, electric or kerosene heaters or grills are used inside ill-ventilated buildings. In the Brazilian Amazon, with its hot and humid climate, there is no need for the use of heaters and accidents may occur in cases of residential fires or burning of the forests for land use in agriculture...
2019: Current Drug Research Reviews
Ifunanya Ikhile, Ifenyinwa Chijioke-Nwauche, Orish Ebere Orisakwe
BACKGROUND: The dearth of information on the economic cost of childhood poisoning in sub-Saharan Africa necessitated this study. OBJECTIVE: This study has investigated the prevalence of childhood drug and non-drug poisoning, treatment modalities and economic costs in Nigeria. METHOD: A retrospective study of childhood drug and non-drug poisoning cases from January 2007 to June 2014 in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), Port Harcourt, Nigeria was carried out...
July 9, 2019: Annals of Global Health
M B K C Dayasiri, S F Jayamanne, C Y Jayasinghe
BACKGROUND: The burden of poisoning among children is largely underexplored in rural Sri Lanka. This study describes the patterns of demographic characteristics, poison related factors, clinical management and outcome following acute poisoning among children (9 months- 12 years) in rural Sri Lanka. METHOD: This hospital based multi-center study included Anuradhapura Teaching hospital, Polonnaruwa District General hospital, and 34 regional hospitals within Regional Director of Health Services in North Central province of Sri Lanka...
August 18, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
B I Abhulimhen-Iyoha, Y T Israel-Aina
BACKGROUND: Accidental childhood poisoning contributes significantly to childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. A review of the agents which cause poisoning in our locality from time to time is important in planning prevention strategies and treatment modalities. OBJECTIVE: To document the pattern of accidental childhood poisoning at the Children Emergency Room (CHER) of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City, Nigeria. METHODS: A retrospective study in which records of admissions as well as case notes of patients admitted because of ingestion of poisons from October 2011 to June 2014 were obtained...
May 2018: West African Journal of Medicine
Sharda Shah Peshin, Y K Gupta
Extensive use of different chemicals in various fields and their easy availability has led to an increased incidence of accidental and intentional poisoning in developing countries including India. A diverse range of household products commonly used for domestic purposes comprise pesticides, household cleaners, thermometer mercury, antiseptics, kerosene, paint thinners etc. Any of these products, if misused or mishandled can cause poisoning. In India, the National Poisons Centre (NPIC) at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, provides information on management of poisoning to treating physicians...
August 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Debasis Das Adhikari, Saibal Das, Blessed Winston A, Kaysina Vazhudhi, Aniket Kumar, Margaret Shanthi Fx, Indira Agarwal
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study was performed to determine the incidence, demographic distribution, types and outcomes across various non-drug related poisonings among children attending a tertiary care center in south India. METHODS: All children from 0-16 years who presented to the Paediatric Emergency Department, Christian Medical College, Vellore with non-drug related poisoning from October 2004 to September 2013 were included. RESULTS: Out of the total 997 cases of poisoning, 629 (63...
April 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Utsav Parekh, Sanjay Gupta
Acute kerosene poisoning is a preventable health problem in children perceived mainly in developing countries. It influences socioeconomic and cultural status of country due to its contribution in morbidity and mortality. As kerosene is widely used as household energy source in India at rural areas as well as urban, it accounts for significant number of poisoning cases mainly accidental in manner. As there are only handful studies from India on kerosene poisoning in children, we planned this study to evaluate incidence of kerosene poisoning in Western Indian population and its clinico-epidemiotoxicological profile...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Manas Pratim Roy, Ratan Gupta, Meenakshi Bhatt, Kailash Chander Aggarwal
195 cases of acute poisoning among children (age<12 y) in a tertiary hospital were identified over a period of one year. Two-thirds (63%) of them were males and 75% were below five years of age. Poisoning by medicines was most common (17%) followed by ingestion of corrosives/detergents (16%) and kerosene (14%).
March 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
M N Hasan, S R Sutradhar, S M Ahmed, I H Chowdhury
Kerosene belongs to the hydrocarbon group of compounds, used as a fuel for lamps, as well as heating and cooking in developing countries. Accidental kerosene poisoning and intoxication usually occur by inhalation or by occupational percutaneous absorption. Adults usually ingest kerosene for the purpose of self-harm, and children may ingest accidentally. Suicidal attempt using intravenous kerosene is an extra ordinary and very rare occurrence. A very few data are available regarding effects of intravenous administration of kerosene and its management...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
B O Edelu, O I Odetunde, C B Eke, N A Uwaezuoke, T Oguonu
BACKGROUND: Accidental childhood poisoning is one of the recognized causes of morbidity and mortality in children under the age of 5 years worldwide. The prevalence and type of substance ingested vary from place to place and over time. AIM: This study was conducted with the aim of ascertaining the frequency and pattern of accidental childhood poisoning in Enugu. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Emergency Paediatric Unit of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, South-East, Nigeria from January 2003 to December 2012 (10 years)...
May 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Rahul Bhamkar, Bageshree Seth, Maninder Singh Setia
OBJECTIVE: To study the profile and various risk factors associated with unintentional injuries in children. METHODS: The study is a cross sectional analysis of data collected from 351 children presenting with unintentional injury to a tertiary care hospital in Navi Mumbai, India. Data were collected about variables based on Haddon Phase Factor Matrix - host, environment and agent factors. Proportions for categorical variables across various groups were compared using Chi square test or Fisher's exact test...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Kate H Balme, Heather Zar, Donne K Swift, Michael D Mann
CONTEXT: Hydrocarbons, especially kerosene (paraffin), are the most common agents causing childhood poisoning in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Aspiration of kerosene causes an inflammatory sterile chemical pneumonitis, which may increase susceptibility to secondary lower respiratory tract bacterial infection. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics in the management of kerosene-associated pneumonitis in children and to identify risk factors associated with severity or outcome...
2015: Clinical Toxicology
Eman A Abahussain, Douglas E Ball
UNLABELLED: Past studies of pediatric poisoning in Kuwait have suggested differences at hospital level which could impact on the implementation of public health interventions. The objective was to compare pediatric poisoning admissions at general hospitals in Kuwait. METHODS: Retrospective survey of all pediatric poisoning cases at the six general hospitals from January 2004 to December 2005. Case data were documented using ICD-10 criteria and the poisoning severity score...
January 2010: Pharmacy Practice
Raed Alazab
OBJECTIVES: To identify the incidence rate and determinants of acute poisoning among children (1-60 months old) of employed mothers. METHOD: A study was conducted at the poisoning unit of a university hospital. The studied children were from both rural and urban areas, were a mix of boys and girls, did not suffer from any mental disabilities, were aged between 1 month old to 60 months old, and were of Egyptian nationality. Data was collected by using a clinical examination form and a questionnaire...
June 2014: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Pradhum Ram, Tanuj Kanchan, B Unnikrishnan
Acute poisoning in children is a problem ubiquitous in distribution and is an important paediatric emergency. The present research was aimed to study the pattern and outcome of childhood poisoning under the age of 15 years at a tertiary care centre in South India to characterize the problem of acute paediatric poisoning among the children in different age group in the region. Medical records of all poisoning patients admitted during 2010 and 2011 were reviewed, and the information relating to the sociodemographic and clinical profile of the patients was recorded...
July 2014: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Shyam Chand Chaudhary, Kamal Kumar Sawlani, B E Yathish, Ambukeshwar Singh, Suresh Kumar, Anit Parihar
Kerosene poisoning is a common poisoning in India especially in childhood, and clinical spectrum can range from meager chemical pneumonitis to grave complications such as hypoxia, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and emphysema. Pyopneumothorax that may require aggressive management in the form of thoracotomy has not been reported in literature. We hereby report a 22-year young female who had developed series of respiratory complications including pyopneumothorax following ingestion of kerosene with suicidal intent and was treated successfully...
January 2014: Toxicology International
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