Alexander Testa, Dylan B Jackson, Lisa Simon, Kyle T Ganson, Jason M Nagata
OBJECTIVES: Poor oral health during pregnancy poses risks to maternal and infant well-being. However, limited research has documented how proximate stressful life events (SLEs) during the prenatal period are associated with oral health and patterns of dental care utilization. METHODS: Data come from 13 states that included questions on SLEs, oral health, and dental care utilization in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System for the years 2016-2020 (n = 48,658)...
June 9, 2023: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Meital Navon-Eyal, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and anticipation of the birth of the first child is considered a happy and exciting time. However, the stress involved in pregnancy has been found to put women at greater risk of impaired psychological well-being, or higher distress. Confusion in the theoretical literature between the terms 'stress' and 'distress' makes it difficult to understand the underlying mechanism that may enhance or reduce psychological well-being. We suggest that maintaining this theoretical distinction and examining stress from different sources, may allow us to gain new knowledge regarding the psychological well-being of pregnant women...
June 9, 2023: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Daniël A Korevaar, Johanna A Damen, Pauline Heus, Maaike J Moen, René Spijker, Ilonka H van Veen, Els J Weersink, Geert-Jan van Kemenade, Peter Th W van Hal, Lotty Hooft
OBJECTIVE: Asthma control is generally monitored by assessing symptoms and lung function. However, optimal treatment is also dependent on the type and extent of airway inflammation. Fraction of exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) is a noninvasive biomarker of type 2 airway inflammation, but its effectiveness in guiding asthma treatment remains disputed. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to obtain summary estimates of the effectiveness of FeNO-guided asthma treatment. DESIGN: We updated a Cochrane systematic review from 2016...
June 9, 2023: Clinical and Experimental Allergy
Mario Valerio Tartagni, Alessandra Graziottin
BACKGROUND: Foetal PAPCs (pregnancy-associated progenitor cells) begin to cross the placenta in a scheduled manner from early pregnancy and colonise many maternal organs, both in mammals and humans, during each pregnancy. The maternal limbic system appears to be colonised with a 100% frequency when compared with other maternal organs. Once they arrive in the limbic system, foetal PAPCs differentiate into neurons and glial cells, resulting in the formation of new synapses with and among maternal neurons...
June 9, 2023: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
S Joseph Huang, Chun-Yen Huang, Yu-Hao Huang, Jai-Hong Cheng, Ya-Chun Yu, Jui-Chi Lai, Yi-Pei Hung, Chi-Chang Chang, Li-Yen Shiu
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is defined as the growth of endometrial glands and stromal cells in a heterotopic location with immune dysregulation. It usually leads to chronic pelvic pain and subfertility. Although various treatments are available, the recurrence rate remains high. Adipose tissue is an abundant source of multipotent mesenchymal adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). ADSCs display effects on not only tissue regeneration, but also immune regulation. Thus, the current study aims to test the effects of ADSCs on the growth of endometriosis...
2023: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Laura Lucaccioni, Lucia Palandri, Erica Passini, Viola Trevisani, Filippo Calandra Buonaura, Natascia Bertoncelli, Giovanna Talucci, Angela Ferrari, Eleonora Ferrari, Barbara Predieri, Fabio Facchinetti, Lorenzo Iughetti, Elena Righi
BACKGROUND: Phthalates are non-persistent chemicals largely used as plasticizers and considered ubiquitous pollutants with endocrine disrupting activity. The exposure during sensible temporal windows as pregnancy and early childhood, may influence physiological neurodevelopment. AIMS AND SCOPE: The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between the urinary levels of phthalate metabolites in newborn and infants and the global development measured by the Griffiths Scales of Children Development (GSCD) at six months...
2023: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Jean Gekas, Theresa Hopkins Boomer, Marc-André Rodrigue, Kristine N Jinnett, Sucheta Bhatt
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia (PE) is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity worldwide. However, current methods of screening are complicated and require special skill sets. In this observational study of prospectively collected samples, we wanted to evaluate if cell-free ( cf ) DNA could be an efficient biomarker for identification of at-risk patients. METHODS: One hundred patients attending a private prenatal clinic in Canada were enrolled in their first trimester of pregnancy and a blood draw was carried out at 11 + 0 to 14 + 2 weeks' (timepoint A) and 17 + 6 to 25 + 5 weeks of gestation (timepoint B)...
2023: Frontiers in Medicine
Mengqing Weng, Jie Wang, Jingfeng Yin, Wenning Ren, Caiping Wei, Wenshan Yang, Huimin He
OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health threat worldwide, especially in developing countries. We aimed to investigate the impact of hepatitis B carrier on pregnancy complications in pregnant women, in China. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted by using data from the EHR system of Longhua District People's Hospital in Shenzhen, China, from January 2018 to June 2022. Binary logistic regression was used to evaluate the relationship between HBsAg carrier status and pregnancy complications and pregnancy outcomes...
2023: Frontiers in Medicine
David Lukanović, Marija Batkoska, Gorazd Kavšek, Mirjam Druškovič
Intraamniotic infection is an infection resulting in the inflammation of any combination of the amniotic fluid, the placenta, the fetus itself, the fetal membranes, umbilical cord, or the decidua. In the past, an infection of the amnion and chorion or both was dubbed chorioamnionitis . In 2015, a proposal was made by an expert panel that, instead of clinical chorioamnionitis , the name intrauterine inflammation or infection or both be used, abbreviated as Triple I or simply IAI . However, the abbreviation IAI did not gain popularity, and this article uses the term chorioamnionitis ...
2023: Frontiers in Medicine
Ping Teresa Yeh, Caitlin Elizabeth Kennedy, Dong Keun Rhee, Chloe Zera, Özge Tunçalp, Briana Lucido, Rodolfo Gomez Ponce de Leon, Manjulaa Narasimhan
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends treatment and management of gestational diabetes (GD) through lifestyle changes, including diet and exercise, and self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) to inform timely treatment decisions. To expand the evidence base of WHO's guideline on self-care interventions, we conducted a systematic review of SMBG among pregnant individuals with GD. SETTING: Following PRISMA guidelines, we searched PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS, and EMBASE for publications through November 2020 comparing SMBG with clinic-based monitoring during antenatal care (ANC) globally...
2023: Frontiers in global women's health
Jie Zhou, Li Zhang, Yang Zhang, Hui Liu, Kangli Xu, Baohu Zhang, Tianyuan Feng, Shucai Yang
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus agalactiae can produce CAMP factor, which can promote the β-hemolysin activity of Staphylococcus aureus , forming an arrow-shaped hemolysis enhancement zone at the intersection of the two bacterial species on a blood agar plate. This characteristic feature of Streptococcus agalactiae has led to the widespread use of the CAMP test as an identification method. METHODS: Vaginal/rectal swabs, collected from women at 35-37  weeks of pregnancy, were first inoculated into a selective enrichment broth media, then subcultured onto GBS chromogenic agar and 5% sheep blood agar sequentially...
2023: Frontiers in Microbiology
V Midya, J M Lane, C Gennings, L A Torres-Olascoaga, R O Wright, M Arora, M M Téllez-Rojo, S Eggers
BACKGROUND: Many analytical methods used in gut microbiome research focus on either single bacterial taxa or the whole microbiome, ignoring multi-bacteria relationships (microbial cliques). We present a novel analytical approach to identify multiple bacterial taxa within the gut microbiome of children at 9-11 years associated with prenatal Pb exposure. METHODS: Data came from a subset of participants (n=123) in the Programming Research in Obesity, Growth, Environment and Social Stressors (PROGRESS) cohort...
May 24, 2023: medRxiv
Tormod Rogne, Rong Wang, Pin Wang, Nicole C Deziel, Catherine Metayer, Joseph L Wiemels, Kai Chen, Joshua L Warren, Xiaomei Ma
BACKGROUND: High ambient temperature is increasingly common due to climate change and is associated with risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy in children, the incidence is increasing, and in the United States it disproportionately affects Latino children. We aimed to investigate the potential association between high ambient temperature in pregnancy and risk of childhood ALL. METHODS: We used data from California birth records (1982-2015) and California Cancer Registry (1988-2015) to identify ALL cases diagnosed <14 years and 50 times as many controls matched by sex, race/ethnicity, and date of last menstrual period...
May 19, 2023: medRxiv
Pooja Popli, Sangappa B Chadchan, Michelle Dias, Xinchao Deng, Stephanie J Gunderson, Patricia Jimenez, Hari Yalamanchili, Ramakrishna Kommagani
The remarkable potential of human endometrium to undergo spontaneous remodeling is shaped by controlled spatiotemporal gene expression patterns. Although hormone-driven transcription shown to govern these patterns, the post-transcriptional processing of these mRNA transcripts, including the mRNA splicing in the endometrium is not studied yet. Here, we report that the splicing factor, SF3B1 is central in driving alternative splicing (AS) events that are vital for physiological responses of the endometrium. We show that loss of SF3B1 splicing activity impairs stromal cell decidualization as well as embryo implantation...
May 20, 2023: bioRxiv
Sabine Braat, Katherine Fielding, Jiru Han, Victoria E Jackson, Sophie Zaloumis, Jessica Xu Hui Xu, Gemma Moir-Meyer, Sophia M Blaauwendraad, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Romy Gaillard, Patricia C Parkin, Cornelia M Borkhoff, Charles D G Keown-Stoneman, Catherine S Birken, Jonathon L Maguire, Melanie Bahlo, Eliza Davidson, Sant-Rayn Pasricha
Detection of anaemia is critical for clinical medicine and public health. Current WHO values that define anaemia are statistical thresholds (5 th centile) set over 50 years ago, and are presently <110g/L in children 6-59 months, <115g/L in children 5-11 years, <110g/L in pregnant women, <120g/L in children 12-14 years of age, <120g/L in non-pregnant women, and <130g/L in men. Haemoglobin is sensitive to iron and other nutrient deficiencies, medical illness and inflammation, and is impacted by genetic conditions; thus, careful exclusion of these conditions is crucial to obtain a healthy reference population...
May 25, 2023: medRxiv
Mukta Agarwal, Smita Singh, Shivangni Sinha
Rupture of the uterus is a deadly obstetric complication. Its occurrence is uncommon and much less common in the second trimester. Given that the mother and fetus are in danger, it is a catastrophe for both. The incidence has increased in recent years as the cesarean section rate has increased, but in developing nations, multiparity and the inappropriate use of uterotonics are more common. This potentially disastrous event may have a vague initial presentation. Here forth, we present a case with solitary right lateral wall uterine rupture covering the entire length of the uterus, the fetus and placenta enclosed in between the broad ligament leaves, most likely due to injudicious misoprostol use at a private health care center superimposed on multiparity, and a literature review...
May 2023: Curēus
Gustavo Andrés Urriago-Osorio, Luis Álvaro Melo-Burbano, Juanita López-Van Den Berghe, Angela María Muñoz-Córdoba, Jorge Enrique Daza-Arana, Eduardo Contreras-Zúñiga
Data on the optimal diagnostic management of pregnant women with suspected pulmonary embolism are limited. Despite a lack of compelling evidence in some practices, clinical practice guidelines focus on the management of these patients. We present the case of a 24-year-old patient at 36 weeks of pregnancy in whom pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) was diagnosed in a timely manner also with hemodynamic instability and echocardiographic images with clear involvement of the right cavities. She received thrombolytic therapy with alteplase 100 mg intravenously over 2 hours, which resulted in excellent outcomes for both the pregnant woman and fetus...
2023: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
Christopher Stratman
Philosophical discussions concerning ectogestation are trending. And given that the Supreme Court of the United States overturned Roe v. Wade (1973) and Casey v. Planned Parenthood (1992), questions regarding the moral and legal status of abortion in light of the advent of ectogestation will likely continue to be of central importance in the coming years. If ectogestation can intersect with or even determine abortion policy in the future, then a new philosophical analysis of the legal status of abortion is both warranted and urgently needed...
2023: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
Lisette T Jacobson, Michael Wolfe, Rosey Zackula, Hayrettin Okut, Faith E Hampton, David A Grainger, Adrianne K Griebel-Thompson, Kai Ling Kong, Christie Befort
Underrepresentation of pregnant populations in randomized controlled trials of lifestyle change interventions is concerning due to high attrition and providers' limited clinical time. The purpose of this evaluative study was to assess intervention uptake of pregnant individuals enrolled in a three-arm feasibility randomized controlled trial, electronic Monitoring Of Mom's Schedule (eMOMSTM ), examining lifestyle changes and lactation support alone, and in combination. Measures included: (1) participation and completion rates, and characteristics of intervention completers versus other eligible participants; and (2) provider experiences with screening and enrolling pregnant participants...
August 2023: Preventive Medicine Reports
Leah M Hefelfinger, Emily A DeFranco, Christina Mendez, Katy McFarland, Elizabeth Kelly, Braxton Forde
BACKGROUND: Social determinants of health are a well-described influencer of pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality. It is unclear how societal changes secondary to the COVID-19 pandemic altered the social determinants of health among pregnant patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate differences in the social determinants of health among patients who experienced pregnancy before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. STUDY DESIGN: This was a secondary analysis of an ongoing prospective cohort study examining the social determinants of health in postpartum patients at a single inner-city academic medical center...
August 2023: AJOG global reports
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