Hiroko Hirai, Tomomi Tanaka, Kenta Matsumura, Akiko Tsuchida, Kei Hamazaki, Yuichi Adachi, Hidekuni Inadera
BACKGROUND: It is well known that maternal diet affects the development of offspring. Herein, the relationship between maternal intake of fermented foods during pregnancy and offspring development was investigated. METHODS: The diet of 103,060 pregnant women at >4 months of gestation who were enrolled in the Japan Environment and Children's Study was analyzed. Their intake levels of fermented soybeans (miso and natto), yogurt, and cheese were investigated. The developmental status of the offspring at 3 years of age was assessed using the Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ-3)...
2024: PloS One
Shonisani Tshivhase, Ridovhona Matshusa
Among all age groups, knowledge of reproductive health can prevent unplanned pregnancy and STIs. The study assessed the status of reproductive health knowledge among secondary school girls in Limpopo Province, South Africa. A cross-sectional descriptive study design was conducted among secondary school girls between the ages of 14 and 19. A total of three hundred and forty (N=340) eligible learners were selected using stratified random sampling method. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection and data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25...
April 30, 2024: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Thomas Dobbs, Manuela Staneva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2024: JAMA health forum
Riley M Sullivan, Caroline G Lucas, Mariana Sponchiado, Emily K Eitel, Lee D Spate, Matthew C Lucy, Michael F Smith, Kevin D Wells, Randall S Prather, Rodney D Geisert
Conceptus estrogens and prostaglandins have long been considered the primary signals for maternal recognition of pregnancy (MRP) in the pig. However, loss-of-function studies targeting conceptus aromatase genes (CYP19A1 and CYP19A2) and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) indicated that conceptuses can not only signal MRP without estrogens or prostaglandins but can maintain early pregnancy. However, complete loss of estrogen production leads to abortion after day 25 of gestation. Although neither conceptus estrogens nor prostaglandins had a significant effect on early maintenance of CL function alone, the two conceptus factors have a biological relationship...
June 21, 2024: Biology of Reproduction
Yixin Li, Lin Zhou, Ling Xiao, Huiling Wang, Gaohua Wang
Despite the increase in the prevalence of postpartum depression among maternal disorder, its treatment outcomes remain suboptimal. Studies have shown that exercise can reduce postpartum depressive episodes in the mother, but the effects of exercise during pregnancy on maternal behavior and the potential mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. From the second day of pregnancy to the day of birth, dams exercised for 1 h a day by running on a controlled wheel. The maternal behaviors of the dams were assessed on postpartum day 2 to postpartum day 8...
June 21, 2024: Neurochemical Research
Rebecca Cooper, Julia Greig, Hilary Piercy, Paul Collini
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy and the postpartum period is a difficult time for women living with HIV (WLWH) and postpartum engagement with HIV care is often reduced, with implications for health and well-being. We aimed to explore the postpartum health experiences of WLWH in relation to engagement in HIV care. METHODS: The NESTOR (iNvESTigating the pregnancy and pOst-paRtum health experience of women living with HIV) study was a UK based qualitative semi-structured interview study...
June 21, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Hui Fu, Feng Wang
BACKGROUND: Early detection and intervention of hearing issues in newborns are crucial for their auditory and speech development, necessitating newborn hearing screenings. This study aimed to investigate the impact of delivery methods, specifically natural delivery and cesarean section, on newborn hearing screening outcomes. METHODS AND MATERIAL: A retrospective analysis was conducted on data from 600 newborns delivered at The First Affiliated Hospital of Shaoyang University between January 2020 and January 2023...
April 2024: Noise & Health
Liya Ye, Huichun Yang, Haihong Jin, Qiufen Guo
OBJECTIVE: In view of the hazards of occupational noise exposure, this study investigated the relationship between occupational noise exposure and gestational hypertension in Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province, China to provide inspiration and reference for reducing the occurrence of gestational hypertension. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed the clinical data of 316 pregnant women in Taizhou City admitted to Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University from May 2020 to May 2023...
April 2024: Noise & Health
Haibin Qian, Huaqin Yang
BACKGROUND: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) during pregnancy is a rare condition and has not been much studied. The study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the risk factors, complications, and treatment modalities for SSNHL in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, ProQuest, and Google Scholar were used for the literature search. The Cochrane technique for assessing risk of bias was used for the article quality appraisal, and RevMan 5...
April 2024: Noise & Health
Beibei Zhang, Qinfang Qu, Yan Shu, Yun Zhang, Jie Zhang, Jia Sun, Caixia Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of incorporating noise-canceling headphones into the delivery process for natural childbirth puerperae. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of clinical data encompassing natural childbirth puerperae in the People's Hospital of Suzhou New District from January 2021 to February 2023. The implementation of routine noise reduction management was done from January 2021 to January 2022. During this interval, 69 natural childbirth puerperae were selected as subjects, with 7 excluded, resulting in 62 participants constituting the reference group...
April 2024: Noise & Health
Yang Liu, Miao Zhou, Hao Cheng, Jing Du
OBJECTIVE: This paper was aimed at unveiling the effect of low-molecular-weight heparin calcium (LMWH) combined with magnesium sulfate and labetalol on coagulation, vascular endothelial function, and pregnancy outcome in early-onset severe preeclampsia (EOSP). METHODS: Pregnant women with EOSP were divided into the control group and the study group, each with 62 cases. Patients in the control group were treated with labetalol and magnesium sulfate, and those in the study group were treated with LMWH in combination with the control grou Blood pressure (systolic blood pressure [SBP] and diastolic blood pressure [DBP]), 24-h urine protein, coagulation indices [D-dimer (D-D), plasma fibrinogen (Fg), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and prothrombin time (TT)], endothelial function [endothelin (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO)], oxidative stress indices [oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL), lipid peroxidation (LPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA)], pregnancy outcome, and adverse effects occurred in the two groups were compared...
June 21, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Svetlana Frandsen, Pernille Ravn
Shoulder dystocia is a serious obstetric complication, where one or both shoulders of a child are trapped after the head is born during vaginal delivery. The situation is life-threatening for the child and requires quick management with obstetric manoeuveres for delivering the shoulders. Rarely, the abdominal approach called Zavanelli manoeuvre is used to achieve delivery after a replacement of the head back in the birth canal, prior to acute caesarean section. This is a case report of a 26-year-old woman with severe shoulder dystocia, failed Zavanelli manoeuvre and vaginal delivery of a lifeless child...
June 17, 2024: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Kara Zivin, Anna Courant
BACKGROUND: The economic cost of perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) is high and includes the cost of reduced maternal economic productivity, more preterm births, and increases in other maternal mental health expenditures. PMADs also substantially contribute the cost of maternal morbidity. This paper offers a discussion of the quality-of-care cascade model of PMADs, which outlines care pathways that people typically face as well as gaps and unmet needs that frequently happen along the way...
June 1, 2024: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
Joseph Mussa, Elham Rahme, Mourad Dahhou, Meranda Nakhla, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Gestational hypertension (GHTN) and preeclampsia are established risk indicators for chronic hypertension. While recurrence is associated with a greater risk, it is unclear whether there are differences in risk when these gestational complications occur for the first time in an earlier pregnancy versus first occurrence in a subsequent one. We hypothesized that the absence of recurrence reflects a transition toward a lower hypertension risk trajectory, whereas a new occurrence in a later pregnancy indicates a transition toward elevated risk...
June 21, 2024: Journal of the American Heart Association
Anandita Umapathy, Alys Clark, Arvind Sehgal, Vijaya Karanam, Gayathri Rajaraman, Bill Kalionis, Helen N Jones, Jo James, Padma Murthi
Placental insufficiency is one of the major causes of fetal growth restriction (FGR), a significant pregnancy disorder in which the fetus fails to achieve its full growth potential in utero. As well as the acute consequences of being born too small, affected offspring are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and other chronic diseases in later life. The placenta and heart develop concurrently, therefore placental maldevelopment and function in FGR may have profound effect on the growth and differentiation of many organ systems, including the heart...
July 3, 2024: Clinical Science (1979-)
Priyanka Tiwari, Mala Srivastava, Rohini Sehgal, Sunesh Kumar, Angamuthu Selvapandiyan, Anupma Kumari, Jagdish C Gupta, Gursaran Parshad Talwar
Objective: Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) plays a crucial role in embryo implantation and in maintenance of pregnancy. An immuno-contraceptive approach involves the use of a recombinant hCGβ-LTB vaccine formulated with adjuvant Mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP), to prevent pregnancy without disturbing ovulation, hormonal profiles, and menstrual cycles in women. The present work in mice was designed to address issues encountered in clinical trials conducted with hCGβ-LTB vaccine, with focus on two primary concerns...
June 21, 2024: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Yuan Xie, Jie Zhang, Shuang Ni, Ji Li
BACKGROUND: To the best of our knowledge, numerous observational studies have linked pregnancy complications to increased risks of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD), causal evidence remains lacking. Our aim was to estimate the association of adverse pregnancy outcomes with diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: A two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was employed, which is not subject to potential reverse causality. Data for pregnancy complications were obtained from the FinnGen consortium...
2024: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Leying Zhang, Jiabao Cai, Xinxin Wang, Zhen Yang, Haiquan Ding, Ling Yang
INTRODUCTION: Nucleotide-binding domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) are expressed in the endometrium, and involved in modulating the female innate immune responses. There are conceptus-endometrial interactions during pregnancy, which ensure immune homeostasis of the maternal-fetal interface. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of early pregnancy on NLR expression in the ovine endometrium. METHODS: Endometrial tissues were collected at day 16 of the estrous cycle, and at days 13, 16 and 25 of pregnancy ( n  = 6 for each group), and RT-qPCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis were used to analyze the expression of NLRs, including NOD1, NOD2, major histocompatibility complex class II transactivator (CIITA), neuronal apoptosis inhibitor protein (NAIP), NLR family, pyrin domain-containing 1 (NLRP1), NLRP3 and NLRP7...
2024: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Asebe Hagos, Misganaw Guadie Tiruneh, Kaleab Mesfin Abera, Yawkal Tsega, Abel Endawkie, Wubshet Debebe Negash, Amare Mesfin Workie, Lamrot Yohannes, Mihret Getnet, Nigusu Worku, Adina Yeshambel Belay, Lakew Asmare, Hiwot Tadesse Alemu, Demiss Mulatu Geberu, Kaleb Assegid Demissie, Melak Jejaw
BACKGROUND: Addressing health inequity is a top priority for achieving sustainable development goals. The existing evidences in Ethiopia have shown that there are substantial inequalities in the use of health services among various socioeconomic strata. Therefore, the present study aimed to measure socioeconomic inequalities and the contributing factors in postnatal health checks for newborns in Ethiopia. METHODS: We used a secondary data from the recent 2019 Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey dataset...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
Meredith Brockway
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life followed by complementary foods and sustained breastfeeding for at least 2 years, underscoring its pivotal role in reducing infant mortality and preventing various illnesses. This perspective delves into the intricate relationship between breastfeeding practices, early life antibiotic exposure, and infant gut microbiome development, highlighting their profound influence on child health outcomes...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
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