Jennifer Warnick, Katherine E Darling, Lisa Swartz Topor, Elissa Jelalian
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) now exceeds that of youth without T1D. Comorbid T1D and excess adiposity are associated with multiple serious negative health outcomes. Unfortunately, youth with T1D are often excluded from and/or not referred to standard behavioral lifestyle interventions. This is often attributed to the complexities of managing T1D and an effort not to overburden persons who have T1D. Furthermore, standard behavioral weight management intervention recommendations can be perceived as contradicting T1D disease management (e...
2023: Pediatric Diabetes
Diane Merino, Alexandre Olivier Gérard, Alexandre Destere, Florence Askenazy, Emmanuelle Dor, Michel Benoit, Faredj Cherikh, Milou-Daniel Drici
Eating disorders, characterized by abnormal eating, weight control behaviors or both include anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). We investigated their potential iatrogenic triggers, using real-world data from the WHO safety database (VigiBase®). VigiBase® was queried for all AN and BN reports. The reports were classified as `pediatric' or `adult' according to age. Disproportionality analyses relied on the Information Component (IC), in which a 95% confidence interval lower-end positivity was required to suspect a signal...
August 16, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Kevin P Marks, Jori Aalders, Shengxin Liu, Melanie Broadley, Mikael Thastum, Morten B Jensen, Else Helene Ibfelt, Niels H Birkebæk, Frans Pouwer
BACKGROUND: In type 1 diabetes, disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) can adversely impact HbA1c. Diabetes-adapted DEB questionnaires assess intentional insulin omission, whereas generic questionnaires do not. Given the number of studies describing DEB-HbA1c associations published over the past decade, an updated systematic review is warranted. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the associations between disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) assessed by generic and diabetes-adapted questionnaires (and subscales) and HbA1c among young people (<29 years) with type 1 diabetes...
August 22, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Holly Cordray, Geethanjeli N Mahendran, Ching Siong Tey, John Nemeth, Nikhila Raol
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the spectrum of pediatric quality-of-life sequelae associated with ankyloglossia that may affect children who do not undergo tongue-tie release (frenotomy) during infancy. DATA SOURCES: This study contains data from PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Google Scholar (1961-January 2023). REVIEW METHOD: The review followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Scoping Reviews reporting guidelines...
August 22, 2023: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rachel Cooney, Daniel Tang, Kevin Barrett, Richard K Russell
BACKGROUND: The burden of mental health conditions in children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease remains unclear. We assessed this using a primary care database in the United Kingdom. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study compared children and young adults with incident inflammatory bowel disease 5 to 25 years of age (2010-2020) against population control subjects. Outcomes comprised incident depression, anxiety disorder, eating disorders, body image disorders, attention-deficit disorders, behavioral disorders, adjustment disorders, acute stress disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, self-harm, parasuicide (including suicide), and sleep disturbance...
August 21, 2023: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Mohsen Saidinejad, Susan Duffy, Dina Wallin, Jennifer A Hoffmann, Madeline M Joseph, Jennifer Schieferle Uhlenbrock, Kathleen Brown, Muhammad Waseem, Sally Snow, Madeline Andrew, Alice A Kuo, Carmen Sulton, Thomas Chun, Lois K Lee
Mental and behavioral health (MBH) visits of children and youth to emergency departments are increasing in the United States. Reasons for these visits range from suicidal ideation, self-harm, and eating and substance use disorders to behavioral outbursts, aggression, and psychosis. Despite the increase in prevalence of these conditions, the capacity of the health care system to screen, diagnose, and manage these patients continues to decline. Several social determinants also contribute to great disparities in child and adolescent (youth) health, which affect MBH outcomes...
August 16, 2023: Pediatrics
Mehmet Akif Akıncı, Necati Uzun, Hayrullah Alp
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis in drug-naive children with anxiety disorders using non-invasive measures and to investigate the clinical features associated with subclinical atherosclerosis. METHOD: This study included 37 drug-naive children and adolescents with anxiety disorders and 37 healthy controls. The Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T and STAI-S) were used to assess children's depression and anxiety levels...
August 14, 2023: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Jocelyn Lebow, Leslie Sim, Sarah Redmond, Marcie Billings, Angela Mattke, Janna R Gewirtz O'Brien, Paige Partain, Cassandra Narr, Renee Breland, David Soma, Tammy Schmit, Saraphia Magill, Antoinette Leonard, Sarah Crane, Daniel Le Grange, Katharine Loeb, Matthew Clark, Sean Phelan, Robert M Jacobson, Felicity Enders, Laura Collins Lyster-Mensh, Aaron Leppin
Evidence-based treatments have been developed for a range of pediatric mental health conditions. These interventions have proven efficacy but require trained pediatric behavioral health specialists for their administration. Unfortunately, the widespread shortage of behavioral health specialists leaves few referral options for primary care providers. As a result, primary care providers are frequently required to support young patients during their lengthy and often fruitless search for specialty treatment. One solution to this treatment-access gap is to draw from the example of integrated behavioral health and adapt brief evidence-based treatments for intra-disciplinary delivery by primary care providers in consultation with mental health providers...
August 9, 2023: Academic Pediatrics
Ji-Cun Zhao, Heng Huang, Hong-Lei Gong, Qing-Kai Zhao, He Wu
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder involving multiple systems, with an incidence of about 1/10000-25000. Ovarian torsion (OT) is not commonly found in children. Ovarian cyst acts as one of the primary factors resulting in OT. While ovarian cyst torsion with Prader-Willi Syndrome has not been reported before. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-years old female was admitted to Emergency Department of our hospital with the chief complaint of abdominal pain...
August 8, 2023: BMC Pediatrics
Lynn B Orriëns, Dilan Eker, Hilde M H Braakman, Peter J F M Merkus, Corrie E Erasmus
AIM: Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are a rare and diverse group of treatable neuromuscular transmission disorders. Diagnosis is often substantially delayed. This study aimed to identify common symptoms of CMS in children and their manifestation to aid diagnosis and early intervention. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study, including 18 children (median age 13 years, range 9 years 5 months-18 years 0 month) with CMS...
August 8, 2023: Acta Paediatrica
Rachel Joseph, Emily Etterman
Puberty is an important marker of health and development in a child's life. Complex neuroendocrine factors contribute to the onset of puberty. While pubertal changes usually occur between the ages of 12 and 13 years, some children may attain puberty before the age of eight years for girls and nine years for boys, which is termed precocious puberty. A literature review was conducted to explore the incidence and prevalence of precocious puberty, identify contributory factors, and recognise management and preventive measures...
August 7, 2023: Nursing Children and Young People
Megan N Parker, Sarah LeMay-Russell, Lucy K Loch, Bess F Bloomer, Jennifer Te-Vazquez, Nasreen A Moursi, Ejike E Nwosu, Julia Lazareva, Natasha A Schvey, Sheila M Brady, Shanna B Yang, Sara A Turner, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Jack A Yanovski
Laboratory-based loss-of-control eating (LOC-eating; i.e., feeling like one cannot stop eating) paradigms have provided inconsistent evidence that the features of pediatric LOC-eating are consistent with those of DSM-5-TR binge-eating episodes. Thus, this study investigated whether recent LOC-eating (in the prior month) and/or greater LOC-eating severity during a meal are positively associated with faster eating rate, energy intake when adjusting for hunger, post-meal stomachache and sickness (a proxy for eating until uncomfortably full), depression, and guilt...
July 27, 2023: Eating Behaviors
Catalina Le Roy Olivos, Alicia Núñez Farías, Mauricio López Espejo, Elisa Coelho Medeiros, Alejandra Gálvez Fuenzalida, Eduardo Fuentes López, Arnoldo Riquelme Pérez
Introduction. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulties adapting to stressful situations, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective. To assess the impact of the first year of the pandemic on feeding difficulties in children with ASD. Population and methods. The caregivers of children and adolescents with non-syndromic ASD (age: 2-18 years) from a neurodevelopment unit were invited to participate. Participants completed a questionnaire and the Behavioral Pediatrics Feeding Assessment Scale (BPFAS) online before and during the first year of the pandemic...
August 10, 2023: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Elizabeth C Quon, Brynn M Kelly
BACKGROUND: Although over one-third of adolescents presenting with restrictive eating disorders have a history of being overweight, there is no evidence-based treatment for atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN). Family-Based Treatment (FBT) is a feasible treatment and is routinely applied to treat atypical anorexia nervosa in adolescents; however, identifying a treatment target weight within FBT for these patients is a challenge. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to 1) increase understanding regarding recommendations for weight gain versus weight stabilization in FBT for adolescents with AAN and 2) examine treatment outcomes in FBT for adolescents with AAN...
August 2023: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Megan N Carey, Lindsay H Cameron, Nicholas L Rider, Albert Hergenroeder, Adam Cohen
A 20-year-old female with depression presented to the emergency department with chronic weight loss, weakness, fatigue, hair loss, rash, palpitations, and 2 weeks of cough. Initial history revealed that she had disordered eating habits with dietary restriction, experienced a 50-pound unintentional weight loss over 2 years despite reported adherence to nutritional supplementation, and had a normal gastrointestinal workup. On examination, she was markedly cachectic with a BMI of 10.3kg/m2 and hypotensive (84/69 mmHg)...
August 1, 2023: Pediatrics
Christopher Robertson, Thomas Dunn
BACKGROUND: Cotard's Syndrome (CS) is a rare clinical entity where patients can report nihilistic, delusional beliefs that they are already dead. Curiously, while weight loss, dehydration, and metabolic derangements have been described as discussed above, a review of the literature revealed neither a single case of a severely underweight patient nor a serious metabolic complication such as Diabetic Ketoacidosis. Further, a search on PubMed revealed no articles discussing the co-occurrence of Cotard's Delusion and eating disorders or comorbid metabolic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus...
July 31, 2023: BMC Psychiatry
Carrie Morgan Eaton
OBJECTIVE: To describe the infant feeding experiences of women who recovered from anorexia nervosa (AN). DESIGN: Descriptive phenomenology. SETTING: Personal interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen women with histories of AN. METHODS: I used Colaizzi's descriptive phenomenological method. In individual audio-recorded interviews, I asked participants to describe their experiences of being mothers who recovered from AN and how this affected feeding their infants...
July 28, 2023: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Sarah D Haney, Vivian F Ibañez, Caitlin A Kirkwood, Cathleen C Piazza
Self-feeding with utensils represents an important step in a child's progression toward age-typical eating and emerges in the absence of intervention for most children. In contrast, children with feeding disorders may lack the skill or motivation to self-feed, which impedes progress toward age-typical eating. In the current study, experimenters used a multielement design to evaluate negative reinforcement in the form of meal termination to transition six participants with a feeding disorder from caregiver-fed to self-fed bites and drinks...
July 31, 2023: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Janna R Adkins, Christina M Mulé, Deborah E Linder, Aviva Must, Sean B Cash, Sara C Folta
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often presents a unique set of risk factors that impact healthy eating and physical activity. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) are a promising approach for autistic children. There is growing evidence for the positive impact of AAIs on self-regulation, which is necessary for initiating and maintaining behavioral changes. Pet dogs offer several potential advantages as a vehicle for an AAI focused on health behaviors. However, little is known about the experiences of autistic children and their families with respect to dog ownership and the mechanisms through which such an AAI might operate...
2023: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Peet Brecht, James Curtis Dring, Felipe Yanez, Agnieszka Styczeń, Paulina Mertowska, Sebastian Mertowski, Ewelina Grywalska
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide, far ahead of cancer. Epidemiological data emphasize the participation of many risk factors that increase the incidence of CVDs, including genetic factors, age, and sex, but also lifestyle, mainly nutritional irregularities and, connected with them, overweight and obesity, as well as metabolic diseases. Despite the importance of cardiovascular problems in the whole society, the principles of prevention of CVDs are not widely disseminated, especially among the youngest...
July 24, 2023: Nutrients
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