Anam Bashir, Nicholas Antos, Tami Miller, Sai Alekha Challa, Amy Y Pan, Memorie Gosa, Alan Silverman, Praveen S Goday
BACKGROUND: The exact prevalence of feeding problems in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) is unknown. Pediatric Feeding Disorder (PFD) encompasses poor oral intake with associated medical, nutrition, psychosocial, or feeding skill dysfunction. We hypothesized that PFD is common in CF and aimed to categorize feeding dysfunction across various domains in children with CF. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted in children with CF. Data collected included anthropometrics, nutrition data (including need for tube feeding/enteral nutrition [EN] or high-energy beverages, dietary diversity), feeding skills (Pediatric version of the Eating Assessment tool [pEAT]), and psychosocial function (About Your Child Eating questionnaire [AYCE] in children 2-17 years of age/Behavioral Pediatric Feeding Assessment Scale [BPFAS] in children 12-23 months of age)...
September 29, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Angela Alibrandi, Agata Zirilli, Federica Loschiavo, Maria Cristina Gangemi, Alessandro Sindoni, Graziella Tribulato, Roberto Lo Giudice, Fausto Famà
This paper focuses on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and food selectivity, both of which are prevalent in the pediatric population. In this context, the authors paid attention to food selectivity and its possible correlation with the atypicality of sensory processes, outlining the useful rehabilitation treatments to draw on. This research included the parents or caregivers of pediatric patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and placed within a therapeutic clinic. The sample is composed of 111 children, males and females, aged between 2 and 10 years, and includes 60 children diagnosed with autism and 51 children with normotypical development, similar in characteristics but without the disorder...
September 14, 2023: Children
Emily A Beckmann, Claire M Aarnio-Peterson, Kristen E Jastrowski Mano
The aim of this review is to heighten awareness of the association between chronic functional abdominal pain (CFAP) and restrictive eating disorders (ED) in adolescents. We describe current diagnostic practices and propose future research efforts to improve the assessment and treatment of comorbid CFAP and restrictive EDs. A narrative review of the literature on CFAP and EDs was performed using PubMed , JSTOR , ScienceDirect , and PsycINFO and the following search terms: 'restrictive eating disorders', 'chronic functional abdominal pain', 'chronic pain' 'treatment' 'diagnosis' and 'adolescents'...
September 11, 2023: Children
Nikolaus E Wolter, Patrick Scheffler, Chantal Li, Christopher End, Nicole K McKinnon, Indra Narang, Reshma Amin, Jackie Chiang, Clyde Matava, Evan J Propst
OBJECTIVES: To determine outcomes following adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the impact of motor and swallowing impairment on respiratory complications in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). METHODS: A retrospective review of children with CP and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) who underwent adenotonsillectomy (2003-2021) was performed. Children with CP were age-matched to children without CP. Motor and swallowing function was assessed using the Gross Motor Functional Classification System (GMFCS) and the Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS)...
September 21, 2023: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Sasha Gorrell, Siena S Vendlinski, Arianna S Thompson, Amanda E Downey, Rachel Kramer, Lisa Hail, Sharon Clifton, Sarah Forsberg, Erin E Reilly, Elizabeth Saunders, Sara M Buckelew, Daniel Le Grange
BACKGROUND: No guidelines currently exist that represent a standardization of care for Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) on an inpatient service. Unique features of this diagnosis (e.g., sensory sensitivity contributing to involuntary emesis) suggest that established protocols that were developed for anorexia nervosa might be less effective for adolescents with ARFID. To inform improved inpatient medical stabilization and care for these patients, we first provide an overview of clinical characteristics for patients with ARFID who presented to a pediatric hospital for inpatient eating disorder care...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Eating Disorders
Aziz Kara, Hacer Gizem Gerçek, Yekta Özkan, Çağla Çelikkol Sadıç, Serkan Bilge Koca
OBJECTIVES: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) causes psychological distress, negatively impacting normal childhood activities. Depression, anxiety disorders, and eating problems are commonly observed in this population. METHODS: The study population consisted of 40 adolescents (22 females and 18 males) who had been diagnosed with T1D and 41 healthy adolescents (21 females and 20 males). The aim of this study was to compare adolescents with T1D to healthy controls in terms of depression, anxiety, and eating problems and subsequently examine the T1D group in relation to the risk of diabetes-specific eating disorders...
September 20, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Maria Pastore, Flavia Indrio, Donjeta Bali, Mehmet Vural, Ida Giardino, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2023: Journal of Pediatrics
Whitney Linsenmeyer, Dana Stiles, Sarah Garwood, Andrea Giedinghagen, Christopher Lewis, Gretta Strand
Transgender youth experience elevated rates of eating disorders, yet few screening measures have been validated with transgender patients. The purpose of this study was to provide initial evidence for the internal consistency and convergent validity of the Sick, Control, One Stone, Fat, Food (SCOFF) in a sample of transgender youth. Two hundred eight participants completed the SCOFF as part of a routine screening protocol. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used to establish the factor structure of the SCOFF in this sample...
September 15, 2023: Clinical Pediatrics
Josephine Elia, Kathleen Pajer, Raghuram Prasad, Andres Pumariega, Mitchell Maltenfort, Levon Utidjian, Elizabeth Shenkman, Kelly Kelleher, Suchitra Rao, Peter A Margolis, Dimitri A Christakis, Antonio Y Hardan, Rachel Ballard, Christopher B Forrest
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) data provide an opportunity to collect patient information rapidly, efficiently and at scale. National collaborative research networks, such as PEDSnet, aggregate EHRs data across institutions, enabling rapid identification of pediatric disease cohorts and generating new knowledge for medical conditions. To date, aggregation of EHR data has had limited applications in advancing our understanding of mental health (MH) conditions, in part due to the limited research in clinical informatics, necessary for the translation of EHR data to child mental health research...
September 14, 2023: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Dan M Cooper, Mark A Rothstein, Alpesh Amin, Jan D Hirsch, Emma Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
Irene Chatoor, Rebecca Begtrup, Iris Yao Cheng, Laura Vismara, Lauren E Webb, Loredana Lucarelli
BACKGROUND: Experiencing Failure to Thrive or malnutrition in early years has been associated with children later displaying low Intelligence Quotient (IQ). The current study's aim was to examine whether Failure to Thrive in Toddlers with Lack of Interest in Eating and Food, a subtype of Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder as defined by DSM-5, which has also previously been identified as Infantile Anorexia (IA), was associated with poor cognitive development outcomes during later childhood...
2023: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Eileen Chaves, D Thomas Jeffrey, Dominique R Williams
While the exact prevalence of disordered eating in youth who are overweight and have obesity has not been determined, studies show that the odds of a young adult (18-24 years) with obesity engaging in disordered eating behaviors is 2.45 times more likely to occur than in young adults with Body Mass Indexes (BMI) in the normative range. The purpose of this review is to highlight the role that disordered eating and eating disorders may play in pediatric obesity and the importance of screening for these conditions...
August 24, 2023: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anoop S Takher, Rosario M Cosme
Catatonia is a behavioral syndrome characterized by a variety of symptoms such as mutism, stupor, rigidity, negativism, and verbigeration. It can be caused by various psychiatric and general medical conditions. While the diagnosis in the pediatric population is relatively uncommon, emerging literature supports a higher prevalence of catatonia in children. We present a 12-year-old girl with a complex medical and psychosocial history, including a functional neurological disorder and concerns for child abuse and Munchausen syndrome by proxy imposed by her mother...
August 2023: Curēus
Rachel E Blaine, Kevin P Blaine, Katie Cheng, Cynthia Banuelos, Aaron Leal
INTRODUCTION: Children with autism spectrum disorder often face nutrition-related challenges, such as food selectivity, gastrointestinal issues, overweight and obesity, and inadequate nutrient intake. However, the role of routine nutrition-related screening or care by interdisciplinary health professionals is not well understood. This study aimed to compare the beliefs of health professionals with those of parents of autistic children regarding high-priority nutrition-related challenges, barriers and facilitators to care, and desired education and resources related to nutrition for autistic children...
2023: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Holly Pennick, Lesley Cousins, Dilshad Marikar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2023: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
Noha Basouny, John Spigos, Dmitri Khvolis, Yvonne McFarlane-Ferreira, Ada Lee
BACKGROUND Wernicke encephalopathy is traditionally associated with chronic alcoholism, nutritional imbalance, prolonged intravenous feeding, hyperemesis, anorexia nervosa, and malabsorption syndromes. We report a case of Wernicke's encephalopathy in a 12-year-old girl with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder. CASE REPORT The patient had lost 45.4 kg of body weight due to self-imposed changes to her diet, before presenting with decreased oral intake for 2-3 weeks, intermittent nausea, crampy epigastric pain, and post-prandial emesis...
August 26, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Andreea Teodora Constantin, Corina Delia, Lucia Maria Tudor, Ioana Rosca, Ana Daniela Irimie, Leonard Năstase, Ioan Gherghina
There is an increasing interest in dyslipidemia in adult patients since it is known to contribute to early cardiovascular disease. Often, dyslipidemia starts in childhood, and it is associated with aggravating lifestyle choices concerning eating habits, such as the tendency to consume processed food and fast food, as well as the tendency to be more and more sedentary. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study describing the prevalence of dyslipidemia in a single medical center in Romania and the associated pathology...
August 8, 2023: Medicina
Ugo Cucinotta, Claudio Romano, Valeria Dipasquale
Avoidant/Restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a feeding disorder characterized by persistent difficulty eating, such as limited choices of preferred foods, avoidance or restriction of certain foods or food groups, and negative emotions related to eating or meals. Although ARFID mainly affects children, it can also occur in adolescents and adults. ARFID can have serious physical and mental health consequences, including stunted growth, nutritional deficiencies, anxiety, and other psychiatric comorbidities...
August 10, 2023: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Julia Altoé Andrade, Luciane Bresciani Salaroli, Priscilla Rayanne E Silva Noll, Matias Noll, Sheila Oliveira Feitosa, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo, Adriana Gonçalves de Oliveira, Carolina Rodrigues Mendonça, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
Eating disorders, characterized by abnormal eating behaviors, are among a wide variety of psychiatric conditions that mainly affect children and adolescents. These disorders have a multifactorial origin and can be associated with restrictive diets, negative feelings, harmful family relationships, and post-traumatic stress. Thus, this study's objective was to evaluate the association between indicators of eating disorders and family and school contexts in Brazilian adolescents who previously experienced sexual abuse and examine the findings based on sex...
August 15, 2023: Children
Marcella Di Cara, Chiara Rizzo, Francesco Corallo, Davide Cardile, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Angelo Quartarone, Martina Buda, Francesca Cucinotta
The diagnosis of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) was added to the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5) just 10 years ago. This disorder consists of the failure to meet one's nutritional and/or energy needs, which may result in significant weight loss, significant nutritional deficit or functioning dependent on enteral nutrition or oral supplements. In children with this disorder, development is often problematic, and there is also marked interference with psychosocial functioning at all ages...
July 28, 2023: Children
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