Antonella Gagliano, Alessandra Carta, Marcello G Tanca, Stefano Sotgiu
Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) features a heterogeneous constellation of acute obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), eating restriction, cognitive, behavioral and/or affective symptoms, often followed by a chronic course with cognitive deterioration. An immune-mediated etiology is advocated in which the CNS is hit by different pathogen-driven (auto)immune responses. This narrative review focused on recent clinical (ie, diagnostic criteria, pre-existing neurodevelopmental disorders, neuroimaging) and pathophysiological (ie, CSF, serum, genetic and autoimmune findings) aspects of PANS...
2023: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Sabrina Cenni, Licia Pensabene, Pasquale Dolce, Angelo Campanozzi, Silvia Salvatore, Roberta Pujia, Maria Rosaria Serra, Elena Scarpato, Erasmo Miele, Annamaria Staiano, Caterina Strisciuglio
BACKGROUND: Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGIDs) are common in pediatric age. AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of FGIDs in Italian children and evaluate the impact of diet. METHODS: Healthy children aged 4-18 years were recruited in a multicenter cross-sectional study. We evaluated their eating habits and the presence of FGIDs, using Rome IV criteria, 3-day food diaries and Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) questionnaires...
May 27, 2023: Digestive and Liver Disease
Holly A Harris, Ivonne P M Derks, Peter Prinzie, Anneke Louwerse, Manon H J Hillegers, Pauline W Jansen
Eating problems, such as food selectivity or picky eating, are thought to be an epiphenomenon of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Yet eating problems are also common in the general pediatric population and overlap with ASD symptoms. However, the temporal association between ASD symptoms and eating problems is poorly understood. This study examines the bidirectional association between ASD symptoms and eating problems across child development, and investigates whether these associations differ by child sex. Participants ( N  = 4,930) were from the population-based Generation R Study...
2023: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Sehim Kutlay, Birkan Sonel Tur, Melek Sezgin, Atilla Halil Elhan, Derya Gökmen, Alan Tennant, Ayşe Adile Küçükdeveci
OBJECTIVES: This study was planned to test the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 3.0 cerebral palsy (CP) module (parent form) in children with CP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the validation study conducted between June 2007 and June 2009, 511 children (299 normal children, 212 children with CP) were assessed by the seven scales of PedsQL [daily activities (DA), school activities (SA), movement and balance (MB), pain and hurt (PH), fatigue (F), eating activities (EA), and speech and communication (SC)]...
March 2023: Turkish journal of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Vishvanie Bernadene Stoody, Andrea Kay Garber, Catherine Anne Miller, Terrill Bravender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2023: Journal of Pediatrics
Arielle T Pearlman, Mikela A Murphy, Sorana Raiciulescu, Joshua C Gray, David A Klein, Natasha A Schvey
Among adults and adolescents, weight-based discrimination is associated with disordered eating. However, these relationships remain understudied in children. Given that weight-based discrimination is commonly reported among youth, and that childhood is a crucial developmental period for the onset of disordered eating, the current study assessed prospective associations between weight-based discrimination and eating pathology among participants in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study. At the one-year visit, children indicated whether they had experienced discrimination due to their weight within the past year...
May 10, 2023: Eating Behaviors
Ella C Perrin, Hanna L Ravi, Gagana S Borra, Andrew M South
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with certain health conditions requiring lifestyle management, such as diabetes mellitus, have higher disordered eating behavior (DEB) risk than the general adolescent population, but DEB is underdiagnosed and can lead to adverse health consequences. In youth with other conditions requiring lifestyle counseling such as hypertension (HTN), DEB prevalence and associated risk factors are unknown. We hypothesized that youth with HTN disorders would have higher DEB prevalence than the general adolescent population, and that obesity, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and less specialized lifestyle counseling would be associated with higher DEB risk...
May 17, 2023: Pediatric Nephrology
Nathan Faccioli, Christine Poitou, Karine Clément, Béatrice Dubern
Obesity derives from impaired central control of body weight, implying interaction between environment and an individual genetic predisposition. Genetic obesities, including monogenic and syndromic obesities, are rare and complex neuro-endocrine pathologies where the genetic contribution is predominant. Severe and early-onset obesity with eating disorders associated with frequent comorbidities make these diseases challenging. Their current estimated prevalence of 5-10% in severely obese children is probably underestimated due to the limited access to genetic diagnosis...
May 29, 2023: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Chantal P Delaquis, Nathalie T Godart, Evhan Group, Melina Fatséas, Sylvie Berthoz
The cognitive-interpersonal model of anorexia nervosa (AN) posits that cognitive and interpersonal traits contribute to the development and maintenance of AN. We investigated cognitive and interpersonal factors put forward by the model in a sample of 145 adolescent inpatients with AN using network analysis. Our main outcomes included core eating disorder symptoms, cognitive style, socio-affective factors, and mood symptoms. We estimated a cross-sectional network using graphical LASSO. Core and bridge symptoms were identified using strength centrality...
April 15, 2023: Children
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Vasiliki Syrmou, Maria-Lydia Lioliopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Theodora Simopoulou, Christina G Katsiari, Tonia Vassilakou, Dimitrios P Bogdanos
Juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE) is an autoimmune disorder with multifaceted clinical findings in different organ systems. Neuropsychiatric manifestations affect more than half of SLE patients, and there is increasing evidence that anorexia nervosa (AN), a feeding and eating disorder (FED) characterized by significantly reduced energy intake, is among them. Herein, a review of the literature on the potential association between jSLE and AN was performed. Reported clinical cases were identified, and putative pathophysiological mechanisms were sought that could potentially explain the observed relationship between these two pathological entities...
April 7, 2023: Children
Néstor Benítez-Brito, Himar González-Pacheco, Berta Pinto-Robayna, Francisco Moreno-Redondo, Carlos Díaz-Romero, Yolanda Ramallo-Fariña
INTRODUCTION: The Spanish Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (S-YFAS-C) scale is the first tool adapted to Spanish to evaluate food addiction (FA) in the paediatric population. The aim of this study is to preliminarily evaluate the degree of FA in a non-clinical pilot paediatric population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A transversal observational study was performed on a convenience sample comprised of boys and girls aged 9 to 12 (4th to 6th year primary school). The main outcome measures were evaluation of FA (S-YFAS-C scale), child feeding attitudes (ChEAT scale) and evaluation of body image (CDRS scale)...
May 11, 2023: Journal of Eating Disorders
Kabir Ahmad, Syed Afroz Keramat, Gail M Ormsby, Enamul Kabir, Rasheda Khanam
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to identify clusters of lifestyle and health behaviours and explore their associations with health outcomes in a nationally representative sample of Australian adolescents. METHODS: The study participants were 3127 adolescents aged 14-15 years who participated in the eighth wave of the birth cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). A latent class analysis (LCA) was performed to identify clusters based on the behaviours of physical activity, alcohol consumption, smoking, diet, eating disorders, sleep problems and weight consciousness...
May 10, 2023: BMC Public Health
Alexandra E Warrick, Brandon Hassid, Brandon Coleman, Catherine Cansino, Marcia Faustin
BACKGROUND: Short and long-term health consequences surrounding Low Energy Availability can be mitigated by recognizing the risk factors and making early diagnosis of the Female Athlete Triad (Triad) and Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S). While awareness of the Triad among physicians and allied health professionals has been studied, there are very few studies that assess physician awareness of both the Triad and RED-S. METHODS: Our study assesses Low Energy Availability, the Triad, and RED-S knowledge with an electronic survey, educational handout, and follow up survey among physicians across multiple specialties at a single academic institution...
May 9, 2023: Journal of Eating Disorders
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Christina C Tortolani
Eating disorders (EDs) present high costs to the individual and society, and need for services far surpasses their availability. Caregivers are often on the "front lines" of managing their child's illness yet may have very little support to sustain them in this role. It is well-established that caregiver burden related to EDs is high, although most research has focused on caregivers of adult patients. Wilksch describes the need for additional attention to caregivers of children and adolescents with EDs, given the elevated psychological, interpersonal, and financial burden incurred on this segment of the population...
May 5, 2023: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Angela M Jaramillo-Ospina, Gabriel T Roman, Danitsa M Rodrigues, Sachin Patel, Irina Pokhvisneva, Valentina G Chakr, Robert D Levitan, Michael J Meaney, Patricia P Silveira
BACKGROUND: Alterations in eating behavior are common in infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR); omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) could provide protection. We hypothesized that those born IUGR with a genetic background associated with increased production of omega-3-PUFA will have more adaptive eating behaviors during childhood. METHODS: IUGR/non-IUGR classified infants from MAVAN and GUSTO cohorts were included at the age of 4 and 5 years, respectively...
May 4, 2023: Pediatric Research
Katelyn E Anderson, Sohyun C Han, Sarah G Kavlich, Shonda Brown, Jennifer Ho, Samantha A Everhart
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders are serious psychiatric conditions predominantly affecting children, adolescents, and young adults. While family-based treatment (FBT) is the gold standard outpatient treatment approach for adolescents with restrictive eating disorders, there is not a universally recognized best practice within higher levels of care. There is a particular dearth of literature detailing recommended psychological and behavioral interventions in the inpatient medical setting. METHOD: The present article provides an account of how FBT principles have been incorporated in Children's Hospital of Orange County at Mission's inpatient medical stabilization program for children and adolescents with restrictive eating disorders...
May 2, 2023: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Yuki Mizumoto, Yoshinori Sasaki, Hikaru Sunakawa, Shuichi Tanese, Rena Shinohara, Toshinari Kurokouchi, Kaori Sugimoto, Manao Seto, Masahiro Ishida, Kotoe Itagaki, Yukino Yoshida, Saori Namekata, Momoka Takahashi, Ikuhiro Harada, Shoko Sasaki, Kiyoshi Saito, Yusuke Toguchi, Yuki Hakosima, Kumi Inazaki, Yuta Yoshimura, Masahide Usami
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the incidence of eating disorders (ED) has increased not only in Japan but also worldwide. This online survey for pediatricians showed that caregivers tend to visit specific pediatric institutions or child psychiatry departments when children under junior high school age develop eating disorders. There are few pediatric institutions regarding treatment acceptance for children with ED. Of the 34 respondents, 16 (47.1%) answered that the number of visits for children with eating disorders had "stayed the same", one answered it had "decreased" and 17 (50...
April 30, 2023: Global health & medicine
Karyn J Roberts, Eileen Chaves
(1) Background: Obesity and eating disorders (ED) can coexist resulting in worse health outcomes. Youth with ED are more likely to have obesity relative to peers with a healthy weight. Pediatric providers deliver first-line care to children and youth of all sizes and body shapes from infancy to adolescents. As healthcare providers (HCPs), we bring biases into our practice. Learning to recognize and address these biases is needed to provide the best care for youth with obesity. (2) Purpose: This paper aims to summarize the literature regarding the prevalence of ED beyond binge eating in youth with obesity and discuss how the intersection of weight, gender, and racial biases impact the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of ED...
April 13, 2023: Nutrients
Panagiotis Plotas, Efstathia Tsekoura, Emmanouil Souris, Anastasios Kantanis, Eirini Kostopoulou, Anastasia Varvarigou, Sotirios Fouzas
Childhood obesity can affect both physical and mental health. Body-size misperception may lead to a lack of motivation to make healthy changes or to engage in unhealthy weight loss behaviors, increasing the possibility for obese children to become obese adults. To estimate the frequency of body-size misperception among children and adolescents, we conducted a cross-sectional study within another study on eating disorders in youth in Greece (National Institute of Educational Policy, act no. 04/2018). Between January and December 2019, two trained assistants visited 83 primary and secondary schools of the Region of Western Greece and interviewed 3504 children aged 10-16 years (CL 99%) and performed anthropometric measurements...
April 8, 2023: Nutrients
Melissa Butt, Alexandra Harvey, Eiman Khesroh, Andrea Rigby, Ian M Paul
BACKGROUND: Internalized weight bias (IWB) refers to an individual's belief in negative weight-related stigma. Children and adolescents are particularly vulnerable to IWB, but little is known about IWB in this population. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to (1) identify the instruments that measure IWB among children and adolescents and (2) explore comorbid variables associated with paediatric IWB. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines...
April 26, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
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