Quinn Steiner, Andrew M Watson, Samuel J Mosiman, Andrea M Spiker
BACKGROUND: In patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), mental health has been implicated in both symptom severity and postoperative outcomes. However, there are limited data regarding the independent influences of baseline mental health and hip pathology on patient-reported outcomes over time after hip arthroscopy. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between mental health and structural hip pathology with pain, hip function, and quality of life (QOL)...
May 21, 2024: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Kathryn E L Grimes, Peter Vanes Ebasone, Anastase Dzudie, Denis Nash, Brian W Pence, Milton Wainberg, Marcel Yotebieng, Rogers Ajeh, Angela M Parcesepe
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been associated with poor mental health among people with HIV (PWH) globally. Social support may be a strategy to foster mental health among PWH. Little is known about whether the relationship between IPV and mental health differs by IPV type or level of social support. Interviews were conducted with 426 PWH initiating HIV care in Cameroon. Log binomial regression analyses were used to estimate the association between four types of IPV (controlling behavior and emotional, physical, and sexual IPV) and symptoms of depression or hazardous alcohol use, separately by IPV type and level of social support...
2024: PloS One
André Hajek, Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Yannick Stephan, Karl Peltzer, Antonio Terracciano, Hans-Helmut König
AIM: Our first aim was to present norm values for the Preference for Solitude Scale by sex, age, and other sociodemographic groups. Our second aim was to evaluate the correlates of preference for solitude. METHODS: Data were collected in August/September 2023 from a sample of individuals (N = 5000) living in Germany aged 18 to 74 years (ensuring representativeness in terms of sex, age group and federal state for the German general adult population). The established and valid Preference for Solitude Scale (range 0 to 12, with higher values reflecting a stronger preference for solitude) was used to quantify the preference for solitude...
2024: PloS One
Addison Reimer, Bonny L Specker, Christine W Hockett, Katelyn Strasser, Linda Ahrendt, Lacey A McCormack
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of breastfeeding initiation and continuation at two months postpartum in American Indian (AI) mothers in South Dakota and to identify factors associated with breastfeeding. Using logistic regression, data from the South Dakota Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System were used to investigate the relationship between binary breastfeeding initiation and continuation outcomes and maternal behaviors and experiences including access to health care, safe sleep practices, ability to handle life events, depression, and sources of breastfeeding information...
2024: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
Alison G Abraham, Weiqun Tong, Valentina Stosor, M Reuel Friedman, Roger Detels, Michael Plankey
PURPOSE: To investigate vision impairment as a barrier to engagement in medical care among aging persons living with HIV (PLWH) who experience multimorbidity and complex care needs. SETTING: Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), a prospective observational cohort of aging PLWH men. METHODS: We examined relationships of self-reported vision difficulty with indicators of care engagement: 1) adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART; defined as taking ≥95% of medications); 2) self-reported avoidance of medical care; 3) self-reported tendency to ask a doctor questions about care (>2 questions at a medical visit), as well as with quality of life...
May 21, 2024: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Lyndsay A Avalos, Nina Oberman, Lizeth Gomez, Charles P Quesenberry, Fiona Sinclair, Elaine Kurtovich, Erica P Gunderson, Monique M Hedderson, Joanna Stark
IMPORTANCE: An increasing body of evidence suggests equivalent if not improved postpartum outcomes of in-person group prenatal care compared with individual prenatal care. However, research is needed to evaluate outcomes of group multimodal prenatal care (GMPC), with groups delivered virtually in combination with individual in-person office appointments to collect vital signs and conduct other tests compared with individual multimodal prenatal care (IMPC) delivered through a combination of remotely delivered and in-person visits...
May 1, 2024: JAMA Network Open
Licia Grazzi, Danilo Antonio Montisano, Domenico D'Amico, Claudia Altamura, Alberto Raggi, Paul Rizzoli, Alessia Marcassoli
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based treatments gained popularity for migraine treatment. In this manuscript we report the results of a single-arm open pilot study that evaluated the impact of a multimodal web-based intervention combining home-based medication withdrawal, patients' education, and online mindfulness-based interventions. We aimed to address whether our program had the ability to show a change in the observed parameters and the study should therefore be intended as an early phase trial...
May 21, 2024: Neurological Sciences
Sohita Dhillon
Tegileridine () is a small molecule μ-opioid receptor biased agonist developed by Jiangsu Hengrui Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd for the treatment of postoperative pain. Tegileridine selectively activates the G-protein-coupled pathway, which mediates strong central analgesic effects and only weakly activates the β-arrestin-2 pathway implicated in adverse events like respiratory depression and gastrointestinal dysfunction. In January 2024, tegileridine received its first approval in China for the treatment of moderate to severe pain after abdominal surgery...
May 21, 2024: Drugs
Shyuan Ching Tan, Alyssa A Gamaldo, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
INTRODUCTION: While research has shown a positive association between a higher sense of purpose in life and functional health, there is a gap in understanding its benefits for racially minoritized and low SES individuals. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between purpose in life and physical functional health in a diverse sample, hypothesizing that purpose in life would be negatively associated with functional difficulties, with potentially stronger associations in White and high SES groups...
May 21, 2024: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Emma Corcoran, Amal Althobaiti, Glyn Lewis, Francesca Solmi, Tayla McCloud, Gemma Lewis
PURPOSE: Psychotic like experiences (PLEs) are relatively common during adolescence and associated with a range of negative outcomes. There is evidence that sexual minorities are at increased risk of mental health problems including depression, anxiety, self-harm and suicidality. However, no study has investigated the association between sexual orientation and psychotic experiences during adolescence. We compared trajectories of PLEs in sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents from 12 to 24 years of age...
May 21, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Laura E Grover, Charlotte Williamson, Howard Burdett, Laura Palmer, Nicola T Fear
PURPOSE: Combat deployment increases exposure to potentially traumatic events. Perceived social support (PSS) may promote health and recovery from combat trauma. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize studies investigating the level of PSS and associated factors among (ex-)military personnel who served in the Iraq/Afghanistan conflicts. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched in August 2023 and searches were restricted to the beginning of the Iraq/Afghanistan conflicts in 2001...
May 21, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Brian Bauer, Raquel Norel, Alex Leow, Zad Abi Rached, Bo Wen, Guillermo Cecchi
BACKGROUND: Rates of suicide have increased by over 35% since 1999. Despite concerted efforts, our ability to predict, explain, or treat suicide risk has not significantly improved over the past 50 years. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use large language models to understand natural language use during public web-based discussions (on Reddit) around topics related to suicidality. METHODS: We used large language model-based sentence embedding to extract the latent linguistic dimensions of user postings derived from several mental health-related subreddits, with a focus on suicidality...
May 16, 2024: JMIR Mental Health
Jiaxiao M Shi, Vicki Y Chiu, Chantal C Avila, Sierra Lewis, Daniella Park, Morgan R Peltier, Darios Getahun
BACKGROUND: Mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders are chronic pediatric conditions, and their prevalence has been on the rise over recent decades. Affected children have long-term health sequelae and a decline in health-related quality of life. Due to the lack of a validated database for pharmacoepidemiological research on selected mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders, there is uncertainty in their reported prevalence in the literature. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of coding related to pediatric mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders in a large integrated health care system's electronic health records (EHRs) and compare the coding quality before and after the implementation of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) coding as well as before and after the COVID-19 pandemic...
May 14, 2024: JMIR Mental Health
Marwa M Abdel Rady, Ayman M Osman, Ghada M Abo Elfadl, Haitham M Ahmed, Sherif Sayed, Ahmed O Abdallah, Wesam N Ali
BACKGROUND: We assessed the efficiency of intravenous adjuvants in decreasing opioid intake and pain scores after spine fusion surgery. METHODS: This study included 120 patients aged 18-60 listed for spine fusion surgery under general anesthesia. Patients were randomly assigned to four groups: Group (Lidocaine): received IV lidocaine 4 mg/kg in 50 mL volume over 30 min. Group (Magnesium): received IV magnesium sulfate 30mg/kg in 50 mL volume over 30 min. Group (combined Lidocaine and Magnesium): received IV lidocaine 4 mg/kg in 50 mL volume over 30 min...
May 2024: Minerva Anestesiologica
Lingkun Ma, Wenjing Sun, Jingchao Li, Hailan Wang, Zihan Ding, Qing He, Yue Kang, Shujuan Dong, Yingjie Chu
This study aims to investigate the mechanism of platelet activation-induced thrombosis in patients with acute non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) by detecting the expression of autophagy-associated proteins in platelets of patients with NSTEMI. A prospective study was conducted on 121 patients with NSTEMI who underwent emergency coronary angiography and optical coherence tomography. The participants were divided into two groups: the ST segment un-offset group (n = 64) and the ST segment depression group (n = 57)...
May 2024: Clinical and Translational Science
Jacopo D'Andria Ursoleo, Margherita Licheri, Gaia Barucco, Rosario Losiggio, Giovanna Frau, Marina Pieri, Fabrizio Monaco
INTRODUCTION: Remimazolam, an ultra-short-acting benzodiazepine recognized and approved as an anesthetic and sedative in multiple countries, offers a distinctive pharmacokinetic profile, boasting advantages such as rapid onset, short action duration, and rapid recovery. These attributes may contribute to enhanced hemodynamic stability and a diminished risk of respiratory depression compared to other sedatives. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted the first comprehensive systematically structured narrative review to evaluate the role and potential application of remimazolam in cardiac surgery...
May 21, 2024: Minerva Anestesiologica
Thiago S Moreira, Nicholas J Burgraff, Larissa A Shimoda, Ana C Takakura, Jan-Marino Ramirez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2024: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Maciej Stolarski, Katarzyna Czajkowska-Łukasiewicz, Rafał Styła, Anna Zajenkowska
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The ability to perform mental time travels and to develop representations of the past, the present, and the future is one of the distinctive capacities of the human mind. Despite its pronounced consequences for motivation, cognition, affect, and subjective well being, time perspective (TP) has been outside mainstream psychiatry and clinical psychology. We highlight the role of psychological-temporal phenomena in various disorders and summarize the current research on TP and psychopathology...
May 17, 2024: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Jaya Prakash, Kathryn Fay, Rahul Gujrathi, Bernard Rosner, Nawal Nour, Bharti Khurana
Objectives: To explore socio-behavioral, clinical, and imaging findings associated with antepartum intimate partner violence (IPV) and aid in risk stratification of at-risk individuals. Methods: We analyzed electronic medical records during indexed pregnancies for 108 pregnant patients who self-reported antepartum IPV (cases) and 106 age-matched pregnant patients who did not self-report antepartum IPV (controls). Sociodemographic, clinical, and radiology data were analyzed via chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests with p < 0...
May 21, 2024: Journal of Women's Health
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