Taeho Greg Rhee, Mark Olfson, Kyaw Sint, Samuel T Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an important therapy for treatment-resistant depression and is especially effective for elderly individuals with depression. This is the first US nationally representative description of ECT in the elderly. METHODS: Using 2014-2015 Medicare claims data, we compared elderly individuals with major depressive disorder (using ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes) who received ECT with those who did not on demographic and clinical measures...
July 7, 2020: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Michael J Hernandez, Tea Reljic, Kimberly Van Trees, Sean Phillips, Jaffrey Hashimie, Laura Bajor, Jennifer Yehl, Barbara C McKenzie, Christine Burke, Gregory A Sullivan, Ambuj Kumar, Deborah L Sanchez, Glenn Catalano, F Andrew Kozel
OBJECTIVE: A recent randomized controlled trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for major depressive disorder (MDD) in veterans raised the question of whether comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) negatively impacted the outcome of TMS in veterans. To address this, a quality database was analyzed to compare outcomes of MDD treated with TMS in veterans with and without comorbid PTSD. METHODS: The clinical outcomes of all consecutive veterans with MDD treated with TMS at the James A...
July 7, 2020: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Iben E Luna, Henrik Kehlet, Rasmus M Olsen, Heidi R Wede, Susanne J Hoevsgaard, Eske K Aasvang
BACKGROUND: Postoperative hypoxemia is prevalent in hospitalized patients and may adversely affect recovery. However, little data exists on the post-discharge phase or details on duration, severity and potential risk factors. Thus, we investigated the incidence and risk factors for severe desaturation during the first postoperative week after THA/TKA by continuous nocturnal oxygen saturation monitoring. METHODS: The study was a secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study of 112 patients undergoing fast-track THA/TKA...
July 13, 2020: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Jan Löhler, Rainer Schönweiler, Peter Schlattmann
BACKGROUND:  In the second half of life, an untreated hearing impairment seems to be associated to increase the risk of dementia, depression, fall, cognitive decline, or general helpless. Most of the affected persons are not treated adequately, e. g. with hearing aids. The Mini-Audio-Test (MAT) is an evaluated inventory for detecting an unknown hearing loss. This study should investigate whether the MAT could be used in a representative sample of adults. METHODS:  In spring 2019, in total 123 subjects have been investigated on hearing loss using the MAT...
July 13, 2020: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Hiba K Anis, Jared A Warren, Alison K Klika, Suparna M Navale, Guangjin Zhou, Wael K Barsoum, Carlos A Higuera, Nicolas S Piuzzi
The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of mental health conditions among patients undergoing (1) primary total knee arthroplasty (pTKA), (2) septic revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA), and (3) aseptic revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The State Inpatient Databases were queried for all TKAs from 2005 to 2014 yielding 563,144 patients. Patients were separated into the following cohorts: primary, septic revision, and aseptic revision. Diagnoses of any mental health condition and the following specific conditions were compared between the three cohorts: schizophrenia/delusion, bipolar disorder, depression/mood disorder, personality disorder, anxiety/somatic/dissociative disorder, eating disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder /conduct/impulse control, alcohol abuse, and drug abuse...
July 13, 2020: Journal of Knee Surgery
Petra Beschoner, Zrinka Sosic-Vasic, Lucia Jerg-Bretzke
INTRODUCTION: Homesickness is a phenomenon of many cultures. International research deals with this topic, not so in Germany. The aim of this work is to bring the phenomenon of homesickness closer to the reader from a scientific and psychiatric point of view, to provide evidence and to create an awareness of its actuality. METHODOLOGY: Systematic literature research in the databases "Psyndex", "Pubmed" and "google scholar". RESULTS: Data on the incidence in different populations vary from 20 to 90 %, which is mainly due to inconsistent definitions of homesickness and the different measuring instruments...
July 13, 2020: Psychiatrische Praxis
Emilie Joly-Burra, Martial Van der Linden, Paolo Ghisletta
INTRODUCTION: Although it is well known that preference for selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC) strategies is associated with indicators of successful aging and well-being, very little is known about what predicts the use of SOC as goal management strategies in the daily lives of older adults. The present study investigates predictors of self-reported use of SOC strategies in community-dwelling adults. We expected selection and especially compensation to be higher in individuals with worse subjective health and cognitive performance...
July 13, 2020: Gerontology
Z Nobakht, M Rassafiani, S A Hosseini, S Hosseinzadeh
BACKGROUND: Mothers of moderately to severely affected children with cerebral palsy (CP) have to spend a long time to take care of their children. This time-consuming responsibility affects their physical and psychosocial health. Therefore, mothers as caregivers are required to receive special training to take care of their children. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a developed web-based intervention for daily care training of children with CP on their mothers' quality of life (QOL), anxiety, depression, stress, and their musculoskeletal pain...
July 10, 2020: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Somefun Dolapo Oluwaseyi, Arlette Simo Fotso
INTRODUCTION: Despite the prevalence of mental illness among young adults in South Africa, few studies have examined its correlation with social capital using nationally representative data. Sources of social capital are different for youth, which is why understanding the correlation between family and neighbourhood social capital and mental health outcomes is important for designing optimal interventions. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between social capital and youth mental health...
July 10, 2020: Journal of Adolescence
Michele M Moraes, Rúbio S Bruzzi, Ygor A T Martins, Thiago T Mendes, Chams B Maluf, Roberto V P Ladeira, Cristian N Espinosa, Danusa D Soares, Samuel P Wanner, Rosa M E Arantes
We evaluated the influence of an Antarctic expedition, consisting of 26-day ship travel followed by 24-day camping in the Antarctic field during the summer season, on hormonal responses, autonomic cardiac control, and mood states in individuals that live in tropical regions. Data collection was carried out in 10 individuals on the 2nd , 16th , and 26th days aboard the ship (characterized by exposure to low-luminosity and temperature-controlled environments) and on the 4th , 11th , and 23rd days of camping in the Antarctic field (prolonged exposure to natural luminosity and cold environments)...
July 10, 2020: Physiology & Behavior
Marissa A Smail, Brittany L Smith, Nawshaba Nawreen, James P Herman
Stress exposure can produce profound change in physiology and behavior that can impair health and well-being. Of note, stress exposure is linked to anxiety disorders and depression in humans. The widespread impact of these disorders warrants investigation into treatments to mitigate the harmful effects of stress. Pharmacological treatments fail to help many with these disorders, so recent work has focused on non-pharmacological alternatives. One of the most promising of these alternatives is environmental enrichment (EE)...
July 10, 2020: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Areum Han, Hon K Yuen, Jeremy Jenkins
Acceptance and commitment therapy is an emerging evidenced-based practice, but no systematic review regarding the effects of ACT on family caregivers has been conducted. This article examined the effects of ACT on family caregivers by conducting meta-analysis with a random effects model. Twenty-four articles were identified from four electronic databases searched up to 30 March 2020. Meta-analyses found moderate effects of ACT on depressive symptoms and quality of life, small effects on anxiety, and small to moderate effects on stress...
July 10, 2020: Journal of Health Psychology
Tanvee Thakur, Jodi H Barnet, Tamara LeCaire, Andrew Bersch, Paul Peppard, Kristen Malecki, D Paul Moberg
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic is a national crisis. The objectives of this report were to describe prescription opioid use in Wisconsin from 2008 through 2016 using unique populationrepresentative data and to assess which demographic, health, and behavioral health characteristics were related to past 30-day prescribed opioid use. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin (SHOW), a statewide representative sample of 4,487 adults. Prescription medication use was ascertained via in-person interviews that included an inventory of all prescription medications used by the respondent in the past 30 days...
June 2020: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
Keiko Fukushima, Noritoshi Fukushima, Hiroki Sato, Jinko Yokota, Keiko Uchida
OBJECTIVE: Research suggests that medical students as well as women are at greater risk of depression compared to the general population and men. This suggests that female medical students are crucial targets requiring specific monitoring for mental health disorder prevention and intervention. However, little is known regarding the risk factors for poor mental health among this population. Therefore, we investigated whether menstrual symptoms and nutritional status are associated with psychological distress in Japanese female medical students...
2020: PloS One
Vincenzo Prisco, Lorenzo Prisco, Bernadette Donnarumma
CoViD-19 is a disease caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), originated from China in December 2019. In March 2020, CoViD-19 was declared a pandemic, having spread all over the word. The psychological impact of CoViD-19 disease must be recognized alongside the physical symptoms for all those affected. Furhermore quarantine for coronavirus has serious psychological side effects, such as depression and anxiety that are more likely to occur and worsen. Furhermore quarantine reduces the availability of psychiatric and psychological interventions...
July 2020: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Simone M Ormsby, Caroline A Smith, Hannah G Dahlen, Phillipa J Hay
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression is common and associated with adverse consequences for mothers, babies, and future generations. Limitations with conventional approaches has resulted in additional therapies being considered. This study examined the feasibility and effectiveness of acupuncture for improving mental health. METHODS: Fifty-seven pregnant women with depressive symptomologies were randomised to acupuncture (n=19) plus treatment as usual (TAU), progressive muscle relaxation (PMR, n=19) plus TAU or TAU (n=19)...
May 24, 2020: Journal of Affective Disorders
Tamsyn E Van Rheenen, Denny Meyer, Erica Neill, Andrea Phillipou, Eric J Tan, Wei Lin Toh, Susan L Rossell
BACKGROUND: Physical-distancing strategies during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic may be particularly detrimental to the mental health of individuals with a pre-existing mood disorder. Data on the mental health status of these individuals during the current pandemic is sparse, and their current mental health needs unclear. METHOD: We characterised COVID-19 related lifestyle changes, primary concerns and psychological distress in n=1292 respondents self-reporting a mood disorder (either bipolar disorder or depressive disorder) and n=3167 respondents without any reported mental disorder from the COLLATE (COvid-19 and you: mentaL heaLth in AusTralia now survEy) project; an Australian national survey launched on April 1st 2020...
July 2, 2020: Journal of Affective Disorders
Gonzalo Salazar de Pablo, Julio Vaquerizo-Serrano, Ana Catalan, Celso Arango, Carmen Moreno, Francisco Ferre, Jae Il Shin, Sarah Sullivan, Natascia Brondino, Marco Solmi, Paolo Fusar-Poli
BACKGROUND: Health care workers (HCW) are at high risk of developing physical/mental health outcomes related to coronavirus syndromes. Nature and frequency of these outcomes are undetermined. METHODS: PRISMA/MOOSE-compliant (PROSPERO-CRD42020180205) systematic review of Web of Science/grey literature until 15th April 2020, to identify studies reporting physical/mental health outcomes in HCW infected/exposed to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome -SARS-, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome -MERS-, Novel coronavirus -COVID-19-...
June 25, 2020: Journal of Affective Disorders
Manish K Jha, Abu Minhajuddin, Cherise Chin Fatt, Madhukar H Trivedi
BACKGROUND: This report seeks to evaluate improvements in symptoms of irritability with sertraline (a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant) versus placebo. METHODS: Participants of Establishing Moderators and Biosignatures of Antidepressant Response in Clinical Care (EMBARC) study who were randomized to 8 weeks of treatment with either sertraline or placebo and completed 5-item irritability domain of Concise Associated Symptom Tracking scale (CAST-IRR) at baseline were included (n = 292)...
June 26, 2020: Journal of Affective Disorders
Wei Zheng, Yan-Ling Zhou, Wei-Jian Liu, Cheng-Yu Wang, Yan-Ni Zhan, Xiao-Feng Lan, Bin Zhang, Yu-Ping Ning
OBJECTIVES: Ketamine has shown rapid antidepressant effects in depressed patients. However, the antidepressant and antisuicidal effects of repeated ketamine infusions in patients with treatment-resistant bipolar depression (TRBD) are not known. METHODS: TRBD patients received six intravenous infusions of 0.5 mg/kg ketamine over 40 min on a Monday-Wednesday-Friday schedule during a 12-day period followed by a 2-week follow-up period. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) at baseline and at each follow-up visit...
June 25, 2020: Journal of Affective Disorders
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