Darren Hedley, Mirko Uljarević, Ru Ying Cai, Simon M Bury, Mark A Stokes, David W Evans
Suicide is a global health problem affecting both normative and clinical populations. Theoretical models that examine mechanisms underlying suicide risk across heterogeneous samples are needed. The present study explored core characteristics associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a sub-population at high risk of suicide, as well as two dimensional cognitive constructs, as potential transdiagnostic predictors of suicidal ideation in a clinically diverse sample. Participants (n = 1851, 62% female) aged 18 to 89 years completed online questionnaires assessing: social communication difficulties; insistence on sameness; cognitive control; and rumination...
2021: PloS One
Martina Anto-Ocrah, Marina Oktapodas Feiler, Caroline Pukall, Amy Pacos-Martinez
BACKGROUND: Previous findings from our group show that in the acute (ie, 6-10 weeks) post-injury period, women with concussions have a 70% greater risk of sexual dysfunction than those with extremity injuries. There are currently limited treatment options for the clinical management of concussions. Resilience is a protective, modifiable psychological construct that has been shown to improve concussion-related sequelae. To date, however, no research has evaluated how resilience impacts sexuality outcomes after concussion in women...
January 19, 2021: Sexual Medicine
Federico M Daray, Leandro N Grendas, Demián E Rodante, Andrea E Errasti, Gabriel G Cases, Claudio F Moix, Raúl E Uicich, María I GimÉnez, Soledad Puppo, Gerardo H Fasolino, Alicia Portela, Hanga C Galfalvy, M Elizabeth Sublette
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and cholesterol are lipids implicated in suicide risk. We prospectively studied plasma glycerophospholipid PUFAs and cholesterol as putative predictors of suicide attempts. In a multicenter cohort study, we enrolled 123 patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) for suicidal ideation or suicide attempt. Clinical assessments were performed, with follow-up telephone evaluations 6, 12, 18, and 24 months later. Blood samples were obtained in the ED and assayed for PUFAs...
January 12, 2021: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Nora E Charles, Stephanie J Strong, Lauren C Burns, Margaret R Bullerjahn, Katherine M Serafine
The COVID-19 pandemic caused significant disruption during the spring of 2020. Many college students were told to leave campus at spring break and to complete the semester remotely. This study evaluates effects of this disruption on student well-being. Measures of psychological symptoms, perceived stress, and alcohol use during the pandemic were completed by 148 students in spring 2020 and 352 students in fall 2020 at a university in the southeastern U.S. Results from both cohorts were compared to 240 students who completed the same measures in the fall 2019 semester...
January 5, 2021: Psychiatry Research
Archana Ramireddy, Harpriya Chugh, Kyndaron Reinier, Audrey Uy-Evanado, Eric C Stecker, Jonathan Jui, Sumeet S Chugh
BACKGROUND: In the absence of apparent triggers, sudden cardiac death (SCD) during nighttime hours is a perplexing and devastating phenomenon. There are few published reports in the general population with insufficient numbers to perform sex-specific analyses. Smaller studies of rare nocturnal SCD syndromes suggest a male predominance and implicate sleep-disordered breathing. OBJECTIVE: To identify mechanisms of nighttime SCD in the general population. METHODS: From the population-based Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study, we evaluated SCD cases that occurred in the community between 10 PM and 6 AM (nighttime) and compared them with daytime cases...
January 19, 2021: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Francesca Tozzi, Grazia Rutigliano, Marco Borsò, Chiara Falcicchia, Riccardo Zucchi, Nicola Origlia
Abnormalities in thyroid hormones (TH) availability and/or metabolism have been hypothesized to contribute to Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to be a risk factor for stroke. Recently, 3-iodothyronamine (T1 AM), an endogenous amine putatively derived from TH metabolism, gained interest for its ability to promote learning and memory in the mouse. Moreover, T1 AM has been demonstrated to rescue the β-Amyloid dependent LTP impairment in the entorhinal cortex (EC), a brain area crucially involved in learning and memory and early affected during AD...
January 19, 2021: Neurobiology of Disease
Rebekah Patton, Robert Paval, James J McDonald, Duncan Brown, Iain J Gallagher, Richard J E Skipworth, Donald C McMillan, Ross D Dolan, Marie Fallon, Barry J A Laird
BACKGROUND: Development and spread of cancer is linked to the inflammatory response, in which cytokines serve a key role. The inflammatory response may also form the basis for symptoms of cancer. This systematic review examines the relationship between cytokines and symptoms in incurable cancer. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Web of Science and PsycINFO databases were searched for studies from January 2004 to January 2020. RESULTS: Twenty studies were selected (n = 1,806 patients, 119 controls)...
January 19, 2021: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Qi Shen, Chao Hu, Jia Miao, Junxia Chen, Yueying Peng, Tingting Pan, Xiaolin He, Jing Yuan, Shaonan Ni, Yongsheng Wang, Zhu Luo
BACKGROUND: Ammoxetine is a novel selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. Preclinical studies have indicated the potential utility of ammoxetine for therapy in major depressive disorder. PURPOSE: To investigate the first-in-human safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of ammoxetine in healthy subjects and evaluate the effect of CYP2C19 polymorphisms on metabolism of ammoxetine. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase I study, healthy Chinese subjects were allocated to receive 2...
January 19, 2021: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Stephanie Homan, Whitney Muscat, Andrea Joanlanne, Nikolaos Marousis, Giacomo Cecere, Lena Hofmann, Ellen Ji, Maria Neumeier, Stefan Vetter, Erich Seifritz, Thomas Dierks, Philipp Homan
Noninvasive brain stimulation methods such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) are promising add-on treatments for a number of psychiatric conditions. Yet, some of the initial excitement is wearing off. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) have found inconsistent results. This inconsistency is suspected to be the consequence of variation in treatment effects and solvable by identifying responders in RCTs and individualizing treatment. However, is there enough evidence from RCTs that patients respond differently to treatment? This question can be addressed by comparing the variability in the active stimulation group with the variability in the sham group...
January 19, 2021: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Emi Taniguchi, Ayako Tashiro, Ayumi Hattori, Mitsuhiro Furuse, Shinobu Yasuo
Photoperiod alters affective behaviors and brain neuroplasticity in several mammalian species. We addressed whether neurogenesis and signaling pathways of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), a key modulator of neuroplasticity, are regulated by photoperiod in C57BL/6 J mice, a putative model of seasonal affective disorder. We also examined the effects of photoperiod on plasma metabolomic profiles in relation to depression-like behavior to understand a possible linkage between peripheral metabolism and behavior...
January 19, 2021: Behavioural Brain Research
Filiz Solmaz, Hulya Karatas, Hasan Kandemir, Abdullah Solmaz
AIMS: About 3.5 million Syrian refugees are living within the borders of Turkey. This study examined depression, loneliness, and factors influencing refugee children who live outside the camps and attend school in Turkey. METHODS: This was a descriptive study in Sanliurfa, which has the second highest refugee population in Turkey. The sample consisted of 535 students attending 6-8 grades in five schools randomly selected out of 18 schools located in the city center where the Syrian children received their education...
January 22, 2021: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Sheera F Lerman, Scott Sylvester, C Scott Hultman, Julie A Caffrey
Burn survivors may be at increased risk for suicide due to the nature of their injury and psychiatric comorbidities. The purpose of this review is to assess the evidence as to the prevalence of suicidal ideations and behaviors (attempts and completed suicides) in burn survivors as well as evaluate risk and protective factors. PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane, PsycINFO and Web Science databases were searched using search terms regarding suicide, suicidality and burn. Fourteen full text manuscripts and two published abstracts were included in the review...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Liat Ayalon, Sharon Avidor
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel, people residing in continuing care retirement communities (CCRC) found themselves under strict instructions to self-isolate, imposed by the CCRC managements before, during, and after the nationwide lockdown. The present study explored the personal experiences of CCRC residents during the lockdown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 24 CCRC residents from 13 different CCRCs...
January 22, 2021: Age and Ageing
Bothild Bendiksen, Trond Heir, Fabakary Minteh, Mai Mahgoub Ziyada, Rex A Kuye, Inger-Lise Lien
BACKGROUND: Female genital cutting (FGC) involve an acute physical trauma that hold a potential risk for immediate and long-term complications and mental health problems. The aim of this study was to examine the prediction of depressive symptoms and psychological distress by the immediate and current physical complications following FGC. Further, to examine whether the age at which 12-year-old Gambian girls had undergone the procedure affected mental health outcomes. METHOD: This cross-sectional study recruited 134 12-year-old girls from 23 public primary schools in The Gambia...
2021: PloS One
Ketia Alexandre, Fanny Vallet, Isabelle Peytremann-Bridevaux, Olivier Desrichard
The present study describes adult diabetes self-management (DSM) profiles using self-reported outcomes associated with the engagement in diabetes care activities and psychological adjustment to the disease. We used self-reported data from a community-based cohort of adults with diabetes (N = 316) and conducted a cluster analysis of selected self-reported DSM outcomes (i.e., DSM behaviors, self-efficacy and perceived empowerment, diabetes distress and quality of life). We tested whether clusters differed according to sociodemographic, clinical, and care delivery processes variables...
2021: PloS One
Fukiko Kitani-Morii, Takashi Kasai, Go Horiguchi, Satoshi Teramukai, Takuma Ohmichi, Makiko Shinomoto, Yuzo Fujino, Toshiki Mizuno
The worsening of neuropsychiatric symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and insomnia in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) has been a concern during the COVID-19 pandemic, because most people worked in self-isolation for fear of infection. We aimed to clarify the impact of social restrictions imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic on neuropsychiatric symptoms in PD patients and to identify risk factors associated with these symptoms. A cross-sectional, hospital-based survey was conducted from April 22, 2020 to May 15, 2020...
2021: PloS One
Devendra Raj Singh, Dev Ram Sunuwar, Shraddha Adhikari, Sunita Singh, Kshitij Karki
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is the most common mental health problem among women of childbearing age in resource-poor countries. Poor maternal mental health is linked with both acute and chronic negative effects on the growth and development of the child. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms among postpartum mothers in the lowland region in southern Nepal. METHODS: A hospital-based analytical cross-sectional study was conducted from 1st July to 25th August 2019 among 415 randomly selected postpartum mothers attending the child immunization clinic at Narayani hospital...
2021: PloS One
Melisa Stevanovic, Samuel Tuhkanen, Milla Järvensivu, Emmi Koskinen, Enikö Savander, Kaisa Valkia
A novel conversation-analytically informed paradigm was used to examine how joint decision-making interaction, with its various types of proposal sequences, is reflected in the physiological responses of participants. Two types of dyads-dyads with one depressed and one non-depressed participant (N = 15) and dyads with two non-depressed participants (N = 15)-engaged in a series of conversational joint decision-making tasks, during which we measured their skin conductance (SC) responses. We found that the participants' SC response rates were higher and more synchronized during proposal sequences than elsewhere in the conversation...
2021: PloS One
Karthikeyan Govindasamy, Immanuel Jacob, Raju Moturu Solomon, Joydeepa Darlong
BACKGROUND: Leprosy is a Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) known to cause stigma and discrimination in low-and middle-income countries. It often results in visible impairments, thus pre-disposing to poor mental health. Aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of depression and anxiety among people affected by Leprosy and to determine the associated factors. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A multi-centric, cross-sectional study was carried out in four leprosy endemic states of India-Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu in randomly selected blocks (a sub-unit of district), from one district in each state...
January 22, 2021: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Guihua Liu, Shuo Wang, Jinhua Liao, Ping Ou, Longsheng Huang, Namei Xie, Yingshuang He, Jinling Lin, Hong-Gu He, Rongfang Hu
BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, special education schools for children in most areas of China were closed between the end of January and the beginning of June in 2020. The sudden interruptions of schooling and the pandemic itself caused parents to be anxious and to even panic. Mobile parenting skills education has been proved to be an effective method in improving the psychological well-being of mothers with autistic children. However, whether it can improve the psychological states of mothers in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic is an urgent subject to be investigated...
January 19, 2021: JMIR Mental Health
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