Rubeena Maqbool, Mudasir Maqbool, Mehrukh Zehravi, Irfat Ara
Menstrual-related issues have significant public-health ramifications. Women who are having menstruation troubles should get their mental health checked by healthcare specialists. In young women, a menstrual-related condition has serious health implications. Young females who have menstrual issues miss job and school, and their behavioural and mental development suffers as a result. Depression and anxiety have an impact on women's menstrual periods in adults. Symptoms like as cramps, tiredness, backache, swelling abdomen, and painful breasts have also been described in women with menstrual misery...
July 22, 2021: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Simón Cárdenas-Robledo, Susana Otero-Romero, Maria Angels Passarell-Bacardit, Pere Carbonell-Mirabent, Jaume Sastre-Garriga, Xavier Montalban, Mar Tintoré
BACKGROUND: Comorbidities are common in multiple sclerosis (MS), and have been associated with worse outcomes and increased healthcare resource usage. We studied the frequency of comorbidities and adverse health behaviors (AHB) in MS patients in the Mediterranean region of Catalonia. METHODS: Population-based, case-control study using primary healthcare information covering 80% of Catalonia's population. Cases were matched by age/sex with randomly-chosen controls (ratio 1:5)...
July 22, 2021: European Journal of Neurology
Rafael Falcón-Moya, Irene Martínez-Gallego, Antonio Rodríguez-Moreno
Kainate (KA) receptors (KARs) are important modulators of synaptic transmission. We studied here the role of KARs on glutamatergic synaptic transmission in the CA2 region of the hippocampus where the actions of these receptors are unknown. We observed that KA depresses glutamatergic synaptic transmission at Schaffer collateral-CA2 synapses; an effect that was antagonized by NBQX (a KA/AMPA receptors antagonist) under condition where AMPA receptors were previously blocked. The study of paired-pulse facilitation ratio, miniature responses and fluctuation analysis indicated a presynaptic locus of action for KAR...
July 22, 2021: Journal of Neurochemistry
Lorenza Colzato, Wenxin Zhang, Henrik Walter, Christian Beste, Ann-Kathrin Stock
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, making antidepressant drugs the most used psychiatric drugs in the USA. Withdrawal effects and rebound symptoms frequently occur after the reduction and/or discontinuation of these drugs. Although these phenomena have been investigated with respect to the clinical symptomatology, no studies have systematically investigated the effects of withdrawal/rebound on general cognition. We present a novel framework based on the idea of allostatic adaptation, which allows to predict how different antidepressants likely impair different cognitive processes as a result of withdrawal and rebound effects...
July 22, 2021: Pharmacopsychiatry
Stephanie Neary, Mary Ruggeri, Christopher Roman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess how physician assistant (PA) student depression risk, suicidal ideation, and mental health help-seeking behaviors change during didactic training and the relationship between depression risk and demographic factors. METHODS: Data were obtained through an anonymous online survey sent to didactic students in 7 PA programs during orientation and again at midpoint of the didactic year. Descriptive statistics, independent samples t-testing, and one-way ANOVA analyses were used to assess trends in patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9) scores over the 6-month time period...
July 21, 2021: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Erin K Verdi, Christina Quach, Narayan B Singh, Hannah E Reas, Thane M Erickson
BACKGROUND: Disgust is theorized to serve a unique function of motivating avoidance of noxious stimuli and setting interpersonal boundaries to prevent contamination. Research has established the relevance of disgust to OCD, posttraumatic stress, and phobias, suggesting transdiagnostic features. However, research has not always accounted for overlap of disgust with other negative emotions, obscuring unique contributions. Moreover, studies have not disentangled between-person (mean levels) and within-person (state) effects...
July 9, 2021: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Lei Wang, Wanxin Han, Yusaku Iwasaki, Rakhat Yermek, Geoffrey W G Sharp, Yutaka Seino, Toshihiko Yada
Appetite loss or anorexia substantially decreases the quality of life in patients with cancer, depression and gastrointestinal disorders, and can lead to sarcopenia and frailty. Foods that restore appetite have been sought-for but are not currently available. Historically, onion intake was adopted to treat a variety of diseases with reduced appetite including cancer and gastrointestinal disturbances. While isoalliin is a core component of onion, the effects of isoalliin on feeding behavior and feeding centers remain unknown...
July 10, 2021: Neuropeptides
Justin Russotti, Jennifer M Warmingham, Erinn B Duprey, Elizabeth D Handley, Jody T Manly, Fred A Rogosch, Dante Cicchetti
BACKGROUND: The effects of child maltreatment (CM) on psychopathology are well-established, yet the complex effects of timing and chronicity of maltreatment exposure on the development of psychopathology are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate developmental pathways from distinct dimensions of CM (chronicity and timing) to psychopathology during emerging adulthood using data from a longitudinal, multi-method study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Children with and without maltreatment exposure were recruited at wave 1 (ages 10-12) to participate in a research summer camp...
July 20, 2021: Child Abuse & Neglect
Emma Williamson, Anne Pipeva, Ali Brodrick, Adam Saradjian, Pauline Slade
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate routinely collected service data from a 'Birth Trauma' psychology clinic integrated into maternity services, in order to review effectiveness for women with symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) following childbirth. BACKGROUND: Prevalence of PTSD after child-birth has been estimated to be around 3% for women meeting full diagnostic criteria and up to 9% for sub-threshold symptoms. This can occur even in response to deliveries considered to be medically straightforward...
July 13, 2021: Midwifery
Keaton A Unroe, Matthew E Glover, Elizabeth A Shupe, Ningping Feng, Sarah M Clinton
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants are widely prescribed to pregnant women suffering with depression, although the long-term impact of these medications on exposed offspring are poorly understood. Perinatal SSRI exposure alters human offspring's neurodevelopment and increases risk for psychiatric illness in later life. Rodent studies suggest that perinatal SSRI-induced behavioral abnormalities are driven by changes in the serotonin system as well as epigenetic and transcriptomic changes in the developing hippocampus...
July 19, 2021: Neuroscience
Thomas Cordes, Katharina Zwingmann, Julian Rudisch, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Bettina Wollesen
BACKGROUND: Older nursing home residents are often characterized by multimorbidity and dependency in activities of daily living. Most exercise studies in this setting aim at residents who are still able to walk despite the huge group of residents that is unable to walk. Thus, little is known about the effectiveness to improve cognitive and motor functions as well as well-being within this target group, e.g., by use of chair-based exercises. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a 16-week multicomponent chair-based exercise intervention on motor functions, cognition and well-being for nursing home residents who are unable to walk...
July 19, 2021: Experimental Gerontology
Yong-Ku Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2021: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Kathleen E Murray, Vedad Delic, Whitney A Ratliff, Kevin D Beck, Bruce A Citron
AIMS: Approximately 30% of the nearly 700,000 Veterans who were deployed to the Gulf War from 1990 to 1991 have reported experiencing a variety of symptoms including difficulties with learning and memory, depression and anxiety, and increased incidence of neurodegenerative diseases. Combined toxicant exposure to acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors has been studied extensively as a likely risk factor. In this study, we modeled Gulf War exposure in male C57Bl/6J mice with simultaneous administration of three chemicals implicated as exposure hazards for Gulf War Veterans: pyridostigmine bromide, the anti-sarin prophylactic; chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate insecticide; and the repellant N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET)...
July 19, 2021: Life Sciences
Shawna Dias, Xiaojing Romy Wang
Objective: Mental illness is a growing public concern, particularly for persons in higher education. This research aims to distinguish mental health and stigma experiences between three academic communities: undergraduate students, graduate students, and faculty members. Methods: The researchers conducted semi-structured interviews with nineteen individuals who self-identified as a member of one or more of these groups. Findings and discussion: Participants reported experiencing a variety of mental health conditions (e...
July 22, 2021: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Sonya B Norman, Jordyn H Feingold, Halley Kaye-Kauderer, Carly A Kaplan, Alicia Hurtado, Lorig Kachadourian, Adriana Feder, James W Murrough, Dennis Charney, Steven M Southwick, Jonathan Ripp, Lauren Peccoralo, Robert H Pietrzak
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the relationship between moral distress and mental health problems. We examined moral distress in 2579 frontline healthcare workers (FHCWs) caring for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients during the height of the spring 2020 pandemic surge in New York City. The goals of the study were to identify common dimensions of COVID-19 moral distress; and to examine the relationship between moral distress, and positive screen for COVID-19-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, burnout, and work and interpersonal functional difficulties...
July 22, 2021: Depression and Anxiety
Ella J Daly, Ibrahim Turkoz, Giacomo Salvadore, Maggie Fedgchin, Dawn F Ionescu, H Lynn Starr, Stephane Borentain, Madhukar H Trivedi, Michael E Thase, Jaskaran B Singh
BACKGROUND: Comorbid anxiety is generally associated with poorer response to antidepressant treatment. This post hoc analysis explored the efficacy of esketamine plus an antidepressant in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) with or without comorbid anxiety. METHODS: TRANSFORM-2, a double-blind, flexible-dose, 4-week study (NCT02418585), randomized adults with TRD to placebo or esketamine nasal spray, each with a newly-initiated oral antidepressant...
July 22, 2021: Depression and Anxiety
Xiaojing Li, Wanjun Guo, Wanjie Tang, Qiuyue Lv, Yamin Zhang, Hua Yu, Qiang Wang, Wei Deng, Liansheng Zhao, Xiaohong Ma, Yajing Meng, Mingli Li, Huiyao Wang, Ting Chen, Yan-Song Liu, Zhen Tang, Xiang-Dong Du, Andrew J Greenshaw, Tao Li
BACKGROUND: It is widely acknowledged that childhood adversities (CAs) and recent stress are potential risk factors for adult depression. However, the mechanism(s) by which interactions of CAs with recent stress affect adult depression remain unclear. AIMS: To investigate the predictive association of the interaction among CAs and recent stress with early-adult depression. METHOD: We conducted an annual survey of all freshmen for the period of 2016-2018 in a Chinese comprehensive university, with a sample size of 23,206...
July 22, 2021: Depression and Anxiety
Tamara Pringsheim, Davide Martino
BACKGROUND: Clinicians have reported an increase in functional tic-like behaviours in children and youth during the COVID-19 pandemic. We describe adults developing rapid onset of functional tic-like behaviours between May 2020 and June 2021. METHODS: Data were analysed from the Adult Tic Disorders Registry, a single-site,12-month prospective cohort study which began enrolment in January 2021. We compared clinical features of participants with Tourette Syndrome or Persistent Motor/Vocal Tic Disorder to participants with Rapid Onset Tic-Like Behaviours...
July 22, 2021: European Journal of Neurology
Andre Pittig, Ingmar Heinig, Stephan Goerigk, Freya Thiel, Katrin Hummel, Lucie Scholl, Jürgen Deckert, Paul Pauli, Katharina Domschke, Ulrike Lueken, Thomas Fydrich, Lydia Fehm, Jens Plag, Andreas Ströhle, Tilo Kircher, Benjamin Straube, Winfried Rief, Katja Koelkebeck, Volker Arolt, Udo Dannlowski, Jürgen Margraf, Christina Totzeck, Silvia Schneider, Peter Neudeck, Michelle G Craske, Maike Hollandt, Jan Richter, Alfons Hamm, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
BACKGROUND: The need to optimize exposure treatments for anxiety disorders may be addressed by temporally intensified exposure sessions. Effects on symptom reduction and public health benefits should be examined across different anxiety disorders with comorbid conditions. METHODS: This multicenter randomized controlled trial compared two variants of prediction error-based exposure therapy (PeEx) in various anxiety disorders (both 12 sessions + 2 booster sessions, 100 min/session): temporally intensified exposure (PeEx-I) with exposure sessions condensed to 2 weeks (n = 358) and standard nonintensified exposure (PeEx-S) with weekly exposure sessions (n = 368)...
July 22, 2021: Depression and Anxiety
Michelle R Persich, Ryan Smith, Sara A Cloonan, Rebecca Woods-Lubbert, Michael Strong, William D S Killgore
INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has presented a major challenge to mental health and emotional wellbeing. The present study examined whether training in emotional intelligence (EI) skills, provided before the pandemic, would serve as a protective factor for sustaining mental health during the COVID-19 crisis. METHODS: Data came from a longitudinal study (N = 89) that was initially designed to test the effectiveness of an EI training program versus a non-emotion-focused placebo program...
July 22, 2021: Depression and Anxiety
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