Jessica K Fairley, José A Ferreira, Lucia A O Fraga, Sandra Lyon, Thales M Valadão Cardoso, Victor Campos Boson, Ana Carolina Madureira Nunes, Eloisa H Medeiros Cinha, Lorena B P de Oliveira, Erica B Magueta, Pedro H F Marçal, Alexandre C Branco, Maria Aparecida F Grossi, Dean P Jones, Thomas R Ziegler, Jeffrey M Collins
BACKGROUND: High resolution metabolomics (HRM) is an innovative tool to study challenging infectious diseases like leprosy, where the pathogen cannot be grown with standard methods. Here, we use HRM to better understand associations between disease manifestations, nutrition, and host metabolism. METHODS: From 2018-2019, adults with leprosy and controls were recruited in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Plasma metabolites were detected using an established HRM workflow and characterized by accurate mass m/z and retention time...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Marcia M G D Lopes, Iasmin M Sousa, Sandra Azevedo Queiroz, Mara R O Bezerra, Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Ana Paula Trussardi Fayh
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of a high comorbidity burden in patients who suffered an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is increasing with the aging population, and the nutrition status also may be a predictor of clinical outcomes for these patients. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the comorbidity burden and the characteristics of the bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) in patients post-AMI. METHODS: This prospective observational cohort study was conducted with adult patients who were hospitalized with AMI...
September 22, 2023: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Sergio Ruiz-Saavedra, Carmen González Del Rey, Adolfo Suárez, Ylenia Díaz, Aida Zapico, Silvia Arboleya, Nuria Salazar, Miguel Gueimonde, Clara G de Los Reyes-Gavilán, Sonia González
Diet is a major modulator of gut microbiota, which plays a key role in the health status, including colorectal cancer (CRC) development. Several studies and meta-analyses have evidenced an association of certain dietary factors and xenobiotic intake with the incidence of CRC. Nevertheless, how these dietary factors impact the first stages of intestinal mucosa damage is still uncertain. This study aimed at exploring the associations of relevant dietary factors with the gut microbiota of control individuals and subjects diagnosed with intestinal polyps...
September 22, 2023: Food & Function
Man Wu, Shun Li, Yiqian Lv, Ke Liu, Yin Wang, Zhixin Cui, Xiaoling Wang, Huicui Meng
Aims : convincing evidence is still limited for the validation of associations between the inflammatory potential of diets, based on the dietary inflammatory index (DII), and cardiometabolic outcomes. We aimed to investigate the associations between the DII with adherence to plant-based dietary patterns and the risk of new-onset cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs), including stroke, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and myocardial infarction (MI). Methods : adults ( N = 14 652) from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1997-2015) were included in the current analysis...
September 22, 2023: Food & Function
Jianye Zhang, Mingna Sun, Abeer H Elmaidomy, Khayrya A Youssif, Adham M M Zaki, Hossam Hassan Kamal, Ahmed M Sayed, Usama Ramadan Abdelmohsen
The study of all chemical processes involving metabolites is known as metabolomics. It has been developed into an essential tool in several disciplines, such as the study of plant physiology, drug development, human diseases, and nutrition. The field of food science, diagnostic biomarker research, etiological analysis in the field of medical therapy, and raw material quality, processing, and safety have all benefited from the use of metabolomics recently. Food metabolomics includes the use of metabolomics in food production, processing, and human diets...
September 22, 2023: Food & Function
Yuanfeng Zhang, Xiangyan Guo, Xinye Zhou, Enguang Yang, Pan Li, Jingqi Jiang, Luyang Zhang, Yonghai Zhang, Zhiping Wang
PURPOSE: This study was to examine whether higher dietary carotenoid intake levels were associated with a lower prevalence of kidney stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed data from 2007 to 2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) project. Dietary carotenoid intake (α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, and lutein/zeaxanthin) was assessed using two 24-h dietary recall interviews. Multiple logistic regression and weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression were applied to examine the associations between five dietary carotenoids alone, compounds, and the prevalence of kidney stones...
September 22, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Jia-Ming Yang, Yi Long, Hua Ye, Yan-Lin Wu, Qiang Zhu, Jia-Hong Zhang, Hui Huang, Yan-Biao Zhong, Yun Luo, Mao-Yuan Wang
To investigate the effects of rapeseed oil on body composition, blood glucose and lipid metabolism in people with overweight and obesity compared to other cooking oils. We searched eight databases for randomized controlled studies (including randomized crossover trials). The risk of bias for the included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias 2.0 tool. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation (GRADE) criteria were used to evaluate the quality of the outcomes. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale...
September 22, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Nikolaus C Netzer, Kingman P Strohl, Stephan Pramsohler
BACKGROUND: The influence of sleep disorders on metabolism, especially concerning obesity and diabetes, as well as obesity and obstructive sleep apnea, has been widely investigated. However, the effect of nutrition and the intake of certain foods on sleep has only recently gained attention. In recent years, there have been publications on intake of certain foods and certain diets regarding their influence on sleep, as well as activity of adipocytes and their effect on production of sleep hormones...
September 23, 2023: Sleep & Breathing
Liying Liu, Chaofan Guo, Fangfang Lang, Yaqiong Yan
The emerging field of nutritional psychiatry offers proof that diet quality can be changed to reduce one's risk of developing mental illness. What you eat has a big impact on teenage mental health, and the quality and frequency of breakfast, as well as the different food groups, can affect adolescent mental health. In this study, regression models were employed to analyze four indicators (self-rated health, body satisfaction, life satisfaction, and eight symptoms) of mental health problems as well as demographic factors (gender, age, body mass index, affluence class, physical activity), with forest plots displaying the regression connections...
September 23, 2023: European Journal of Pediatrics
Xianyang Wang, Dingwen Hu, Feng Liao, Sitai Chen, Yu Meng, Jie Dai, Tina Ting Xia Dong, Zizhao Lao, Liangwen Yu, Yueliang Liang, Xiaoping Lai, Karl Wah Keung Tsim, Geng Li
Edible bird's nest (EBN) mainly made of saliva that secreted by a variety of swiftlets is a kind of precious traditional Chinese medicine. EBNs from different biological and geographical origins exhibit varieties in morphology, material composition, nutritive value and commercial value. Here, we collected four different EBN samples from Huaiji, China (Grass EBN), Nha Trang, Vietnam (Imperial EBN) and East Kalimantan, Indonesia (White EBN and Feather EBN) respectively, and applied label-free quantitative MS-based proteomics technique to identify its protein composition...
September 22, 2023: Scientific Reports
Jaeyeon Bae, Kye-Yeung Park, Serhim Son, Youn Huh, Ga Eun Nam
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the associations between obesity parameters and the risk of hyperuricemia among Korean adults by sex, age, and diabetes mellitus status. METHODS: This study analyzed data from 17,753 adults from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2016-2018. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the associations of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and general and abdominal obesity with the risk of hyperuricemia (serum uric acid ≥7...
September 20, 2023: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Yang Hu, Jun Li, Biqi Wang, Lu Zhu, Yanping Li, Kerry L Ivey, Kyu Ha Lee, A Heather Eliassen, Andrew Chan, Curtis Huttenhower, Frank B Hu, Qibin Qi, Eric B Rimm, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVES: To identify indolepropionate (IPA)-predicting gut microbiota species, investigate potential diet-microbiota interactions, and examine the prospective associations of circulating IPA concentrations with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in free-living individuals. DESIGN: We included 287 men from the Men's Lifestyle Validation Study, a substudy of the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (HPFS), who provided up to two pairs of faecal samples and two blood samples...
September 22, 2023: Gut
Wolfgang J Schnedl, Simon Michaelis, Harald Mangge, Dietmar Enko
Symptoms of the disorders across the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) spectrum include several different, usually postprandial, abdominal complaints. Up to date, dietary treatments of the IBS have neither been personalized nor diagnosed with sufficient scientific evidence. They have mostly been treated using 'one-size-fits-all' approaches. Such include exclusion diets, a low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols diet, and gluten-free diets, lactose-free diets, a diet recommended by the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, and a wheat-free diet...
October 2023: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Isabelle Cristine Lôpo Dos Santos, Gabrielle da Silva Vargas Silva, Leonardo Borges Murad, Luana Dalbem Murad
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Central nervous system tumors (CNS) are the second most common malignancies in childhood. Inflammation and changes in nutritional status play an important role and can be used as prognostic markers. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the predictive ability of nutritional status and inflammatory markers on overall survival (OS) of pediatric patients with CNS. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 103 patients were followed for 5 years...
October 2023: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Merym Elif Öztürk, Nurcan Yabancı Ayhan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Detecting malnutrition and its related risk factors are crucial, in hospitalized children. Anthropometric z scores are used to assess malnutrition. Screening tools also aim to detect the presence of malnutrition and the developing risk of malnutrition in hospitalized children to determine who may benefit from nutritional support. Therefore, the aims of the study are to detect malnutrition and its related demographic and clinical risk factors in hospitalized children and determining the sensitivity of Screening Tool for the Assessment of Malnutrition in Pediatrics (STAMP) and Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) screening tools...
October 2023: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Donné Minné, Juliet Stromin, Taskeen Docrat, Penelope Engel-Hills, Jeanine L Marnewick
Decades of research provide evidence that certain phytochemicals in tea (Camellia sinensis) and other herbal beverages are protective against the development of sporadic types of dementia in later life. Since tea drinking is an economical and widely adopted social-cultural practice across all age groups, it is an ideal product to target in designing low-cost dietary interventions for Alzheimer's Disease (AD), the most prevalent form of dementia. In this review, we focus on the protective roles of tea-derived polyphenols and other phytochemicals on mood, the stress response, attention, and sleep, in keeping with the perspective that many early neuropathological events in AD may stem, in part, from allostatic overload...
October 2023: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Shabnum Khursheed Wani, Muzafar Din Ahmad Bhat, Rabia Malik
INTRODUCTION: Hyperuricemia (HU) is a health risk that may go undiagnosed and is on the rise in both developed and developing countries. Gout, the most common inflammatory arthritis characterized by painful, disabling acute attack, is widely known to be caused by hyperuricemia. Its prevalence ranges from 2.6% to 36% in different populations. The commonly used drugs for alleviating uric acid and gout have obvious side effects, so herbal therapeutic drugs are in high demand. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Aristolochia rotunda Linn in Hyperuricemia...
October 2023: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Sajjad Moradi, Sahar Foshati, Fariborz Poorbaferani, Sepide Talebi, Reza Bagheri, Parsa Amirian, Fatemeh Parvizi, Michael Nordvall, Alexei Wong, Mehdi Zobeiri
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The present clinical trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy of spirulina administration on serum iron, ferritin, anemia parameters, and fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in adults with ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: Eighty participants with UC were randomly assigned to take, either 1 g/day (two 500 mg capsules) spirulina (n = 40) or placebo (n = 40) in a double-blinded clinical trial for eight weeks. Dietary intake, physical activity status, serum iron and ferritin levels, anemia parameters, and FOBT were assessed in each participant at baseline and following the intervention...
October 2023: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
M F Nassar, M A Abdel-Wahed, B A Abdelhaleem, A K Ahmed, H E ElKholy
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition presents a major global health burden. In Egypt, it remains an important issue in children under 5 years especially in rural communities. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to screen 2-5 years old children enrolled from Egyptian hospitals in rural and urban areas for the risk of malnutrition using Screening Tool for Assessment of Malnutrition in Pediatric (STAMP) and to evaluate the effectiveness of nutritional intervention programs...
October 2023: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Sarah Roscoe, Ellie Skinner, Elaine Kabucho Kibirige, Charmaine Childs, C Elizabeth Weekes, Stephen Wootton, Scott Allen, Christopher McDermott, Theocharis Stavroulakis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: People living with motor neuron disease (MND) frequently struggle to consume an optimal caloric intake. Often compounded by hypermetabolism, this can lead to dysregulated energy homeostasis, prompting the onset of malnutrition and associated weight loss. This is associated with a poorer prognosis and reduced survival. It is therefore important to establish appropriate nutritional goals to ensure adequate energy intake. This is best done by measuring resting energy expenditure (mREE) using indirect calorimetry...
October 2023: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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