Garima Singh, Abhay Tiwari, Akansha Gupta, Ashwani Kumar, P Hariprasad, Satyawati Sharma
The present investigation was performed to valorize paddy straw (PS) based silica (Si) rich Spent Mushroom Substrate (SMS) of Pleurotus ostreatus for Plant Nutrient and Disease Management in wilt (caused by F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici) susceptible tomato plant F1 Hybrid King 180. Raw PS and SMS generated by P. ostreatus cultivated on PS only, and PS amended with 5% soybean cake (SC) were bio-fortified with Trichoderma asperellum (TA). SMS (PS+ 5% SC) was found supporting the growth of T. asperellum to an extent of 12...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Environmental Management
Hadir M Maher, Aliyah Almomen, Nourah Z Alzoman, Shereen M Shehata, Ashwaq A Alanazi
Bromelain, the aqueous extract of pineapple, has been used as a food supplement with reported nutritional and therapeutic benefits. Bromelain has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, and fibrinolytic effects. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors, including alectinib (ALC), ceritinib (CER), and crizotinib (CRZ), have been efficiently used in the management of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The solubility of ALC, CER, and CRZ is much higher at low acidic pH (pH 1) and it decreases as the pH increases affecting their absorption with a subsequent decrease in their bioavailability...
July 22, 2021: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Damien C Danavall, Sarah Gwyn, Gloria E Anyalechi, Katherine E Bowden, Jaeyoung Hong, Robert D Kirkcaldy, Kyle T Bernstein, Ellen N Kersh, Diana Martin, Brian H Raphael
Two plasmid gene protein (Pgp3)-based serological assays, the Pgp3-ELISA and multiplex bead assay (Pgp3-MBA), were compared and used to estimate seropositivity of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) among females 14 to 39 years old participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2013-2016. Of the 2,201 specimens tested, 502 (29.5%, 95% CI 27.6-31.5) were positive using Pgp3-ELISA and 624 (28.4%, 95% CI 26.5-30.3) were positive using Pgp3-MBA. The overall agreement between the assays was 87...
July 8, 2021: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Minerva Ortiz-Valladares, Ricardo Pedraza-Medina, María Fernanda Pinto-González, Jorge Guzmán Muñiz, Oscar Gonzalez-Perez, Norma Angélica Moy-López
The early stage of development is a vulnerable period for progeny neurodevelopment, altering cytogenetic and correct cerebral functionality. The exposure High-Fat Diet (HFD) is a factor that impacts the future mental health of individuals. This review analyzes possible mechanisms involved in the development of mood disorders in adulthood because of maternal HFD intake during gestation and lactation, considering previously reported findings in the last five years, both in humans and animal models. Maternal HFD could induce alterations in mood regulation, reported as increased stress response, anxiety-like behavior, and depressive-like behavior...
July 26, 2021: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Emily J Oliver, Benjamin Jr Buckley, Caroline Dodd-Reynolds, John Downey, Coral L Hanson, Hannah Henderson, Jemma Hawkins, James Steele, Matthew Wade, Paula M Watson
Despite widespread use, community-based physical activity prescription is controversial. Data limitations have resulted in a lack of clarity about what works, under what circumstances, and for whom, reflected in conservative policy recommendations. In this commentary we challenge a predominantly negative discourse, using contemporary research to highlight promising findings and 'lessons learnt' for design, delivery, and evaluation. In doing so, we argue for the importance of a more nuanced approach to future commissioning and evaluation...
July 29, 2021: Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism
Alison Brodie, Toby Pavey, Cameron Newton, Marguerite C Sendall
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about workplace health promotion for bus drivers. Bus drivers are at-risk of chronic disease because they are exposed to the risk factor combination of poor nutrition, low levels of physical activity, high levels of sedentary time and are often overweight or obese. The purpose of this paper is to situate the quantitative baseline data collected from bus drivers within qualitative findings about the socio-cultural context of the workplace. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Baseline data about physical activity, dietary intake and sedentary hours was collected from 58 drivers employed by a large bus company in southeast Queensland...
2021: PloS One
A M Adams, A Khan, A S Roy, Md T Hassan, M K Mridha, N U Ahmed, P Mustaphi, I Chowdhury, R Khondker, Z Hyder
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is the last opportunity to reverse any growth faltering accumulated from fetal life through childhood and it is considered a crucial period to optimize human development. In Bangladesh, a growing double burden of underweight and obesity in adolescents is recognized, yet limited data exists on how, when, and where to intervene. This study assesses the dynamics of growth among adolescent girls in Bangladesh, providing insight about critical junctures where faltering occurs and where immediate interventions are warranted...
2021: PloS One
Seung Jae Kim, Oh Deog Kwon, Eung-Joon Lee, Sun Myeong Ock, Kyung-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Family history (FH) is one of important risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, little is known about its impact on dyslipidemia prevalence and management status. Thus, we aimed to investigate the impact of FH of CVD on dyslipidemia prevalence, awareness, treatment, control, and healthy behaviors in Korean adults. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using representative data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2014-2018...
2021: PloS One
Ingrid S Surono, Fasli Jalal, Syukrini Bahri, Andreas Romulo, Pratiwi Dyah Kusumo, Erida Manalu, Yusnita, Koen Venema
We recently showed that the gut microbiota composition of stunted children was different from that of children with normal nutritional status. Here, we compared immune status and fecal microbial metabolite concentrations between stunted and normal children, and we correlated macronutrient intake (including energy), metabolites and immune status to microbiota composition. The results show that macronutrient intake was lower in stunted children for all components, but after correction for multiple comparison significant only for energy and fat...
2021: PloS One
Terpsi Karpasiti
The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with severe cardiorespiratory failure has seen significant growth in the last decade. Despite this, there is paucity of data surrounding the optimum nutritional management for ECMO patients. This review aimed to describe current nutrition practices in patients receiving ECMO, critically appraise available studies and identify areas for future research. A literature search was conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE, and CINAHL Plus to identify all randomized trials and observational studies published between July 2000 and July 2020 investigating nutrition practices in critically ill adults receiving ECMO...
July 27, 2021: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Alejandro Escobedo, Luis Mojica
Despite their high nutritional value and potential health benefits, pulse intake has not increased in the last three decades. Several strategies have been implemented to increase pulse consumption, such as their incorporation in bakery products, breakfast cereals, and snacks. The inclusion of pulses in these products could be an alternative to satisfy the consumers' demand for healthy foods. However, pulse-based snacks face important challenges, including reducing antinutritional factors, achieving consumer acceptance, and consolidating the pulse-based snacks as functional foods...
July 29, 2021: Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
Alexandra Moreira-Pais, Rita Ferreira, Paula A Oliveira, José A Duarte
Muscle wasting is one of the major health problems in older adults and is traditionally associated to sarcopenia. Nonetheless, muscle loss may also occur in older adults in the presence of cancer, and in this case, it is associated to cancer cachexia. The clinical management of these conditions is a challenge due to, at least in part, the difficulties in their differential diagnosis. Thus, efforts have been made to better comprehend the pathogenesis of sarcopenia and cancer cachexia, envisioning the improvement of their clinical discrimination and treatment...
July 29, 2021: Biogerontology
Garo G Hagopian, Kathleen P Johnson, Dariush Shahsavari, Henry P Parkman
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastroparesis often consume only small meals due to early satiety. AIMS: (1) Describe meal eating characteristics of patients with gastroparesis; (2) Relate meal eating characteristics to symptoms, gastric emptying (GE), and body weight. METHODS: Patients with gastroparesis filled out questionnaires including Patient Assessment of Upper GI Symptoms (PAGI-SYM), and questionnaire about meal habits and body weight. Patients underwent gastric emptying scintigraphy...
July 29, 2021: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Junying Zhao, Wei Yi, Bin Liu, Yaohua Dai, Tiemin Jiang, Shuxing Chen, Jianwu Wang, Baowen Feng, Weicang Qiao, Yanpin Liu, Huihuang Zhou, Jianying He, Juncai Hou, Lijun Chen
PURPOSE: Infant gut microbiota which plays an important role in long-term health is mainly shaped by early life nutrition. However, the effect of nutrients on infants gut microbiota is less researched. Here, we present a study aiming to investigate in vitro a modified formula that is supplemented with milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) that were missing in common formulas when compared with human milk and to assess the impact of feeding scheme on microbiota and metabolism. METHODS: A total of 44 infants including 16 from breast milk feeding, 13 from common formula feeding and 15 from modified formula feeding were analyzed, and A cross-sectional sampling of fecal and urine was done at 1 month-of-age...
July 29, 2021: European Journal of Nutrition
Diana Abu-Halaka, Ofer Gover, Einat Rauchbach, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Betty Schwartz, Oren Tirosh
Nitrites and nitrates are traditional food additives used as curing agents in the food industry. They inhibit the growth of microorganisms and give a typical pink color to meat. Besides the positive effects of nitrite in foods, if present at high levels in the body, may induce hypoxia and contribute to the production of pro-carcinogenic secondary N-nitrosamines. This study investigated the whole-body metabolic effects of hemin and nitrite added to a high fat diet as red and processed red meat nutritional models...
July 29, 2021: Food & Function
Risto Vesala, Heikki Kiheri, Erik A Hobbie, Netty van Dijk, Nancy Dise, Tuula Larmola
Peatlands store one third of global soil carbon (C) and up to 15% of global soil nitrogen (N) but often have low plant nutrient availability owing to slow organic matter decomposition under acidic and waterlogged conditions. In rainwater-fed ombrotrophic peatlands, elevated atmospheric N deposition has increased N availability with potential consequences to ecosystem nutrient cycling. Here, we studied how 14 years of continuous N addition with either nitrate or ammonium had affected ericoid mycorrhizal (ERM) shrubs at Whim Bog, Scotland...
June 28, 2021: Science of the Total Environment
Smriti Tripathi, Papiya Mitra Mazumder
OBJECTIVE: Monoamine Oxidase (MAO), which catalyzes the oxidative deamination of amines present in the brain and peripheral tissues, is involved in the metabolism of monoamines and is vital for cognition. This study was designed to examine the protective effect of Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) on MAO and amine neurotransmitters such as dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT), non-adrenaline (NA) levels. METHOD: In this experiment, out of five groups, three groups of animals were pretreated with one of the test drugs each i...
July 29, 2021: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Yiqiu Fei, Zuobing Chen, Shengyi Han, Shuobo Zhang, Tianfang Zhang, Yanmeng Lu, Björn Berglund, Hang Xiao, Lanjuan Li, Mingfei Yao
With the development of high-throughput DNA sequencing and molecular analysis technologies, next-generation probiotics (NGPs) are increasingly gaining attention as live bacterial therapeutics for treatment of diseases. However, compared to traditional probiotics, NGPs are much more vulnerable to the harsh conditions in the human gastrointestinal tract, and their functional mechanisms in the gut are more complex. Prebiotics have been confirmed to play a critical role in improving the function and viability of traditional probiotics...
July 29, 2021: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Larissa Oliveira Chaves, Ana Luiza Gomes Domingos, Daniel Louzada Fernandes, Fabio Ribeiro Cerqueira, Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista, Josefina Bressan
The evaluation of food intake is important in scientific research and clinical practice to understand the relationship between diet and health conditions of an individual or a population. Large volumes of data are generated daily in the health sector. In this sense, Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools have been increasingly used, for example, the application of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms to extract useful information, find patterns, and predict diseases. This systematic review aimed to identify studies that used ML algorithms to assess food intake in different populations...
July 29, 2021: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Maryam Safabakhsh, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Hossein Imani
We aimed to investigate the association of fruits and vegetables (FVs) and their all subgroups intakes with breast cancer (BC) risk in Iranian women. The present case-control study conducted on 150 age-matched women with newly diagnosed BC and apparently healthy controls. Anthropometric measures were collected and eventually, the mean intakes of total FVs and each subgroup were obtained from a validated 147-item food frequency questionnaire. Multivariate regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
July 29, 2021: Nutrition and Cancer
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