Jingjing Song, Yujun Zhang, Ao Li, Jie Peng, Chulin Zhou, Xifu Cheng, Yang Wu, Wentao Zhao, Zhen Zong, Rui Wu, Hui Li
Anemia is common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and it is unknown whether the dietary inflammatory index (DII) is linked to anemia. This study aimed to clarify the prevalence of anemia in RA patients and its association with the DII. The data utilized in this study were collected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database from 1999 to 2018. The prevalence of anemia in RA patients was estimated by ethnicity, sex, and age. Weighted multivariate logistic regression was utilized to explore the correlation between anemia risk and DII...
June 21, 2024: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zhaoyi Jing, Xianghua Qi, Jing Teng
Correlations between dietary factors and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been found in previous observational studies. However, no further studies have used Mendelian randomization to further explore the causal relationship between dietary factors and ALS. Clarifying these relationships is a crucial part of developing nutritional recommendations for ALS prevention. The exposure and outcome datasets employed in this study were extracted from the IEU Open GWAS project ( The exposure datasets involved in our Mendelian analyses consisted of meat intake (processed meat intake, poultry intake, beef intake, pork intake, non-oily fish intake, and oily fish intake), staple foods intake (bread intake and cereal intake), vegetable intake (cooked vegetable intake, salad/raw vegetable intake), fruit intake (fresh fruit intake and dried fruit intake), and beverage intake (coffee intake and tea intake)...
June 21, 2024: Medicine (Baltimore)
Korhan Kollu, Emel Akbudak Yerdelen, Samed Duran, Berkay Kabatas, Faruk Karakas, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoglu
Malnutrition among critically ill older patients is a frequent problem in intensive care units (ICUs) and is associated with a higher risk of hospital/ICU length of stay (LOS) and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate malnutrition in older patients staying in an ICU using the hemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte, platelet (HALP) score, modified nutrition risk in the critically Ill (mNUTRIC), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) and to determine the consistency between these tools and their association with clinical outcomes...
June 21, 2024: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mukhtar A Ijaiya, Seun Anjorin, Olalekan A Uthman
In 2015, the United Nations member states endorsed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to chart a path towards a better future for all. Childhood malnutrition, particularly wasting, remains a critical global health challenge, disproportionately affecting children under five in low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluates the impact of achieving selected Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets on reducing childhood malnutrition, with a specific focus on wasting and overweight. Utilizing multi-country DHS datasets, this study analyzed data from 138,782 children under five across 27 countries, nested within 13,788 neighborhoods...
2024: PLOS Glob Public Health
Hiroko Hirai, Tomomi Tanaka, Kenta Matsumura, Akiko Tsuchida, Kei Hamazaki, Yuichi Adachi, Hidekuni Inadera
BACKGROUND: It is well known that maternal diet affects the development of offspring. Herein, the relationship between maternal intake of fermented foods during pregnancy and offspring development was investigated. METHODS: The diet of 103,060 pregnant women at >4 months of gestation who were enrolled in the Japan Environment and Children's Study was analyzed. Their intake levels of fermented soybeans (miso and natto), yogurt, and cheese were investigated. The developmental status of the offspring at 3 years of age was assessed using the Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ-3)...
2024: PloS One
Denis Boucaud-Maitre, Nadine Simo-Tabue, Ludwig Mounsamy, Christine Rambhojan, Laurys Letchimy, Leila Rinaldo, Jean-François Dartigues, Hélène Amieva, Moustapha Dramé, Maturin Tabué-Teguo
BACKGROUND: Foster families may represent an alternative model for dependent older adults in many countries where nursing homes are insufficiently developed. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and its determinants in older adults living in foster families in Guadeloupe (French West Indies). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was gathered from the KASAF (Karukera Study of Ageing in Foster families) study (n = 107, 41M/66F, Mdn 81.8 years)...
2024: PloS One
David Musoke, Micheal Jonga, Gloria Kisakye Ndagire, Benon Musasizi, Amanuel Gidebo, Asrat Tolossa, Maya Thomas, Peter Waiswa, Richard Rumsey
Community Health Workers (CHWs) are a key human resource for health particularly in low- and middle-income countries. In many parts of the world, CHWs are known to have played an instrumental role in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. This study explored the involvement of CHWs in the COVID-19 response in Uganda. A qualitative study that involved 10 focus group discussions (FGDs) among CHWs was conducted. The study was carried out in 5 districts of Amuria, Karenga, Kamwenge, Bugiri and Pader. The FGD guide used explored the role of CHWs in the COVID-19 response in their communities including lived experiences, challenges, and coping mechanisms...
2024: PLOS Glob Public Health
Ralph Ortiz, Thomas Motyka, Stephanie Petterson, Jason Krystofiak
BACKGROUND: Sustained acoustic medicine (SAM) is a noninvasive long-term treatment that provides essential mechanical and thermal stimulus to accelerate soft tissue healing, alleviate pain, and improve physical activity. SAM increases localized deep tissue temperature, blood flow, cellular proliferation, migration, and nutrition exchange, resulting in reduced inflammation and an increased rate of tissue regeneration. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of SAM treatment of discogenic back pain in the lower spinal column to reduce pain, improve quality of life, and lower pharmacotherapy use...
June 6, 2024: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Fatemeh Razavinia, Atefeh Ebrahimiyan, Shahla Faal Siahkal, Neda Ghazinezhad, Parvin Abedi
<b/> Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood neurodevelopmental disorder that begins before age 12. Given the role of B group vitamins in cell metabolism, synthesis of nucleotides, and neurotransmitters, the present study systematically investigated the plasma levels of vitamins B9 and B12 in children with ADHD. Methods: We searched electronic databases including Web of Science, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Iran MEDEX, Cochran database, and SID from conception to June 2023...
June 2024: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
Diána Bánáti, Julian Hellman-Regen, Isabelle Mack, Hayley A Young, David Benton, Manfred Eggersdorfer, Sascha Rohn, Joanna Dulińska-Litewka, Wojciech Krężel, Ralph Rühl
<b/>A healthy and balanced diet is an important factor to assure a good functioning of the central and peripheral nervous system. Retinoid X receptor (RXR)-mediated signaling was identified as an important mechanism of transmitting major diet-dependent physiological and nutritional signaling such as the control of myelination and dopamine signalling. Recently, vitamin A5/X, mainly present in vegetables as provitamin A5/X, was identified as a new concept of a vitamin which functions as the nutritional precursor for enabling RXR-mediated signaling...
June 2024: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
F M Calabrese, V A Genchi, N Serale, G Celano, M Vacca, G Palma, M Svelto, L Gesualdo, M De Angelis, F Giorgino, S Perrini
BACKGROUND: People with metabolically healthy (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO) differ for the presence or absence of cardio-metabolic complications, respectively. OBJECTIVE: Based on these differences, we are interested in deepening whether these obesity phenotypes could be linked to changes in microbiota and metabolome profiles. In this respect, the overt role of microbiota taxa composition and relative metabolic profiles is not completely understood...
June 21, 2024: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Kristi K Westphaln, Nancy A Pike, Vincent R Li, Ryan Spurrier, Karen Kay Imagawa
OBJECTIVE: Child neglect is a public health concern with negative consequences that impact children, families, and society. While neglect is involved with many pediatric hospitalizations, few studies explore characteristics associated with neglect types, social needs, and post-discharge care. METHODS: Data on neglect type, sociodemographics, social needs, inpatient consultations, and post-discharge care were collected from the electronic medical record for children aged 0-5 years who were hospitalized with concern for neglect during 2016-2020...
June 21, 2024: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Bingyan Zhao, Siai Zhang, Yu Chen, Tongyu Zhang, Chunmei Zhang
PURPOSE: To summarize the available evidence on risk factors for preoperative frailty in older gastric cancer patients. METHODS: We comprehensively searched the CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases for preoperative articles on risk factors for frailty in older gastric cancer patients. The search was conducted from the time of construction of the library to January 27, 2024, with no language restrictions...
June 21, 2024: Supportive Care in Cancer
Yu Rin Kim, Seon Rye Kim
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hearing loss is increasing annually and has a strong relationship with oral health. However, existing research on hearing loss is limited to children, making it necessary to expand the analysis to adults. Therefore, this study aims to identify differences in oral health-related factors according to hearing loss in adults over 40 years of age using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: This study analyzed survey data from 2021...
April 2024: Noise & Health
Joanna Parkitna, Artur Binda, Agnieszka Gonciarska, Paweł Jaworski, Emilia Kudlicka, Krzysztof Barski, Karolina Wawiernia, Piotr Jankowski, Michał Wąsowski, Alina Kuryłowicz, Wiesław Tarnowski
PURPOSE: SASI (single anastomosis sleeve ileal) bypass can lead to nutritional deficiencies, including disorders of iron metabolism and anemia. This study aims to evaluate the effect of SASI bypass on weight loss, anemia, and iron deficiency in patients with obesity during the follow-up period. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from patients who underwent SASI bypass at our hospital between January 2020 and February 2022...
June 21, 2024: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Lan Pang, Gangqi Fang, Zhiguo Liu, Zhi Dong, Jiani Chen, Ting Feng, Qichao Zhang, Yifeng Sheng, Yueqi Lu, Ying Wang, Yixiang Zhang, Guiyun Li, Xuexin Chen, Shuai Zhan, Jianhua Huang
The success of an organism depends on the molecular and ecological adaptations that promote its beneficial fitness. Parasitoids are valuable biocontrol agents for successfully managing agricultural pests, and they have evolved diversified strategies to adapt to both the physiological condition of hosts and the competition of other parasitoids. Here, we deconstructed the parasitic strategies in a highly successful parasitoid, Trichopria drosophilae , which parasitizes a broad range of Drosophila hosts, including the globally invasive species D...
June 21, 2024: ELife
Hai-Yun Sun, Pei-Ran Yin, Peng Qian
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the application effect of IMB (Information-Motivation-Behavioral skills) model rehabilitation nursing, which focuses on enhancing patient knowledge, motivation, and skills for disease management in patients with diabetes and end-stage renal disease receiving maintenance hemodialysis and its impact on the patient's nutritional status. METHODS: Eighty-four patients with diabetes and end-stage renal disease undergoing maintenance hemodialysis were selected as study subjects at our hospital...
June 21, 2024: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Yang He, Huiling Qiu, Weiyi Zhu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the impact of cohort management on illness perception, fear of disease progression, nutritional status, and quality of life among patients with lymphoma. METHODS: A total of 128 cases of lymphoma patients admitted to Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, between April 2020 and November 2021 were included as research participants. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: a 64-member control group and a 64-member observation group...
June 21, 2024: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Haixia Liu, Jian Wang, Jingfeng Gu, Pengpeng Chang, Haiyan Guo, Weijing Cai, Conghui Li
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study is to explore the effects of enteral nutrition support with ultrasound-guided three-lumen gastrojejunal tube insertion on nutritional status in patients with severe neurological diseases. Additionally, we aim to assess the impact of this intervention on the success rate of catheterization and the aspiration rate, to comprehensively evaluate its benefits and optimize patient care. METHODS: Between March 2022 and March 2023, 60 patients were recruited and randomly divided into ultrasound-guided and control groups of 30 patients each using the Simple Randomisation method...
June 21, 2024: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Kimberly J M Keller, Pamela Bruno, Susan Foerster, Carrie Draper
This paper describes the 30-year evolution of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) to provide evidence to support our perspective that SNAP-Ed has earned its position as a pillar of the public health infrastructure in the US. Legislatively designated as a nutrition education and obesity prevention program, its focus is the nearly 90 million Americans with limited income. This audience experiences ongoing health disparities and is disproportionately affected by public health crises. The SNAP-Ed program works to reduce nutrition-related health disparities at all levels of the Social-Ecological Model, follows a robust evaluation framework, and leverages strong partnerships between state-based practitioners, state agencies, and the US Department of Agriculture...
June 19, 2024: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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