David Sweet , Julian Marsden , Kendall Ho , Christina Krause , James A Russell
Many emergency departments have implemented sepsis protocols since the 2001 publication of results from the early goal-directed therapy trial, which showed early targeted resuscitation lowers mortality. As part of an attempt to improve clinical and operational outcomes for emergency departments across British Columbia, we reviewed sepsis management literature and considered sepsis protocol implementation in the province’s emergency departments. During the literature review we found that many observational studies confirmed an association between implementation of emergency sepsis protocols and decreased mortality...
May 2012: British Columbia Medical Journal
James Price, Lyle Moncur, Kate Lachowycz, Rob Major, Liam Sagi, Sarah McLachlan, Chris Keeliher, Alistair Steel, Peter B Sherren, Ed B G Barnard
BACKGROUND: Post-intubation hypotension (PIH) after prehospital emergency anaesthesia (PHEA) is prevalent and associated with increased mortality in trauma patients. The objective of this study was to compare the differential determinants of PIH in adult trauma patients undergoing PHEA. METHODS: This multi-centre retrospective observational study was performed across three Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) in the UK. Consecutive sampling of trauma patients who underwent PHEA using a fentanyl, ketamine, rocuronium drug regime were included, 2015-2020...
June 2, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Leeran Talker, Daniel Neville, Laura Wiffen, Ahmed B Selim, Matthew Haines, Julian C Carter, Henry Broomfield, Rui Hen Lim, Gabriel Lambert, Scott T Weiss, Gail Hayward, Thomas Brown, Anoop Chauhan, Ameera X Patel
BACKGROUND: Although currently most widely used in mechanical ventilation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation, features of the carbon dioxide (CO2 ) waveform produced through capnometry have been shown to correlate with V/Q mismatch, dead space volume, type of breathing pattern, and small airway obstruction. This study applied feature engineering and machine learning techniques to capnography data collected by the N-Tidal™ device across four clinical studies to build a classifier that could distinguish CO2 recordings (capnograms) of patients with COPD from those without COPD...
June 2, 2023: Respiratory Research
Arman J Fijany, Kevin B Givechian, Ilana Zago, Sofia E Olsson, Michael J Boctor, Rajesh R Gandhi, Maxim Pekarev
Burn injury causes a coagulopathy that is poorly understood. After severe burns, significant fluid losses are managed by aggressive resuscitation that can lead to hemodilution. These injuries are managed by early excision and grafting, which can cause significant bleeding and further decrease blood cell concentration. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an anti-fibrinolytic that has been shown to reduce surgical blood losses; however, its use in burn surgery is not well established. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the influence TXA may have on burn surgery outcomes...
May 10, 2023: Burns
Cynthia R Muller, Vasiliki Courelli, Cynthia Walser, Clayton T Cuddington, Savannah R Wolfe, Andre F Palmer, Pedro Cabrales
The present study aimed to compare the ability of tense (T) and relax R-state polymerized human Hemoglobin (PolyhHbs) to restore hemodynamics after severe trauma in a rat model, and to assess their relative toxicity in a guinea pigs (GPs). To assess the efficacy of these PolyhHbs in restoring hemodynamics, Wistar rats were subjected to traumatic brain injury (TBI) followed by hemorrhagic shock (HS). Animals were separated into 3 groups based on the resuscitation solution: Whole Blood, T-state or R-state PolyhHb, and followed for 2 hours after resuscitation...
May 31, 2023: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Zachary S Bailey, Xiaofang Yang, Katherine Cardiff, Ping Wang, Melonie Houchins, Xi-Chun Lu, Ying Cao, Janice Gilsdorf, Anke Scultetus, Deborah Shear
Several studies have demonstrated the clinical utility of Tranexamic Acid (TXA) for use in trauma patients presenting with significant hemorrhage. TXA is an antifibrinolytic that inhibits plasminogen activation and plasmin activity has been shown to mitigate blood loss and reduce all-cause mortality in the absence of adverse vascular occlusive events. Recent clinical developments indicate TXA is safe to use in patients with concomitant traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, the pre-hospital effects are not well understood...
June 5, 2023: Shock
Sinan Yıldırım, Behcet Varışlı
OBJECTIVE: Determining the predictive factors for cardiac arrest may be helpful in the management of in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and in estimating the outcome. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of demographic data, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) initiating setting, compression method, and laboratory parameters on survival from cardiac arrest. METHODS: A total of 414 patients who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study...
June 2, 2023: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Laith A Ayasa, Jehad Azar, Anas Odeh, Mohammed Ayyad, Sara Shbaita, Thabet Zidan, Noor Al-Deen Awwad, Nagham M Kawa, Wafaa Awad
Vasoplegic syndrome is a type of distributive shock characterized by mean arterial pressure of less than 65 mmHg, with normal to high cardiac output and often refractory to fluid resuscitation, high doses of intravenous vasopressors, and inotropes. It is usually observed after cardiac and solid organ transplantation surgeries. Here, we report a 56-year-old female patient who presented with a profound vasoplegia manifesting as lethargy and confusion in the setting of amlodipine toxicity. This case of severe vasoplegia was refractory to all conditional lines of medical management reported in the literature...
May 2023: Curēus
Sung Phil Chung, Ziad Nehme, Nicholas J Johnson, Anthony Lagina, Janet Bray
BACKGROUND: The impact of wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on CPR quality and patient outcomes is unclear. This systematic review aimed to examine whether wearing PPE during resuscitation affects patient outcomes, CPR quality and rescuer fatigue. METHODS: In this review registered in PROSPERO (CRD42022347746), we searched Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane library between 2000 and 2022. The inclusion criteria were studies: in actual or simulated cardiac arrest; comparing PPE with no PPE; and randomised controlled trials and observational studies with a English abstract...
June 2023: Resuscitation plus
Yiqun Lin, Tyson Savage, Genevieve Gravel, Jennifer Davidson, Nancy Tofil, Jonathan Duff, Adam Cheng
PURPOSE: To describe the leadership performance of team leaders and CPR Coaches, and to determine if there is a correlation between leadership scores and CPR performance during management of simulated pediatric cardiac arrest events. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a prior randomized controlled trial. We observed the performance of both team leaders and CPR coaches during the management of an 18-minute simulated cardiac arrest scenario which was run for 20 resuscitation teams comprised of CPR-certified professionals from four pediatric tertiary care centers...
June 2023: Resuscitation plus
Jason Coult, Betty Y Yang, Heemun Kwok, J Nathan Kutz, Patrick M Boyle, Jennifer Blackwood, Thomas D Rea, Peter J Kudenchuk
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to shock-refractory ventricular fibrillation (VF) is associated with relatively poor survival. The ability to predict refractory VF (requiring ≥3 shocks) in advance of repeated shock failure could enable preemptive targeted interventions aimed at improving outcome, such as earlier administration of antiarrhythmics, reconsideration of epinephrine use or dosage, changes in shock delivery strategy, or expedited invasive treatments. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of VF out-of-hospital cardiac arrest to develop an ECG-based algorithm to predict patients with refractory VF...
June 2, 2023: Circulation
Finnja Marie Zurek-Leffers, Florian Lehmann, Laura Brabenec, Sebastian Kintrup, Katharina E M Hellenthal, Kira Mersjann, Felicia Kneifel, Michael Hessler, Philip-Helge Arnemann, Tim-Gerald Kampmeier, Christian Ertmer, Patrick Kellner, Nana-Maria Wagner
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Mortality of patients with sepsis is high and largely unchanged throughout the past decades. Animal models have been widely used for the study of sepsis and septic shock, but translation into effective treatment regimes in the clinic have mostly failed. Pigs are considered as suitable research models for human diseases due to their high comparability and similarity to human anatomy, genetics, and the immune system...
June 2, 2023: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Mike Ghobrial, Mohamed Ibrahim, Spencer G Streit, Peter P Staiano, Vandana Seeram
Leuconostoc species are rare causes of bacteremia and are commonly mistaken for Streptococcus species. Due to their inherent resistance to commonly used drugs, they are often overlooked resulting in poor and sometimes lethal outcomes. While there are not many reported cases of this bacterial infection, Leuconostoc species are important to consider when faced with a highly drug-resistant bacterial strain. We present here a case of a 29-year-old male who presented with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, initially resuscitated but ultimately succumbing to his illness...
April 2023: Curēus
Rohith N, Srikanth Narayanaswamy, Swati Hegde
BACKGROUND: Shock is one of the most common severe syndromes requiring emergency treatment. Acute myocardial infarction guidelines, the surviving sepsis campaign, and low blood volume resuscitation guidelines indicate the prioritization of early identification of shock. APACHE II (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II), SOFA (Sequential Organ Failure Assessment), and MEWS (Modified Early Warning System) scores are used to predict mortality in ICU (intensive care unit) patients...
April 2023: Curēus
Imelda Rosalyn Sianipar, Aida Rosita Tantri, Dina Muktiarti, Adisti Dwijayanti, Sidharta Kusuma Manggala, Evi Muliyah
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) requires well-trained medical personnel. Multiple learning methods can be done for CPR skills training. This study aimed to compare self-deliberate practice (SDP) method and directed learning (DL) method to improve basic life support (BLS) knowledge and CPR skill performance in medical students. METHODS: This is an experimental, single-blind, randomized controlled trial study of 40 medical students from February to July 2019...
April 2023: Medical Science Educator
Stéphane Charpier
Clinically, and legally, death is considered a well-defined state of the organism characterized, at least, by a complete and irreversible cessation of brain activities and functions. According to this pragmatic approach, the moment of death is implicitly represented by a discrete event from which all cerebral processes abruptly cease. However, a growing body of experimental and clinical evidence has demonstrated that cardiorespiratory failure, the leading cause of death, causes complex time-dependent changes in neuronal activity that can lead to death but also be reversed with successful resuscitation...
2023: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Adam Cheng, Jennifer Davidson, Brandi Wan, Alexandra St-Onge-St-Hilaire, Yiqun Lin
AIM: To determine if data-informed debriefing, compared to a traditional debriefing, improves the process of care provided by healthcare teams during a simulated pediatric cardiac arrest. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized trial. Participants were randomized to a traditional debriefing or a data-informed debriefing supported by a debriefing tool. Participant teams managed a 10-minute cardiac arrest simulation case, followed by a debriefing (i.e. traditional or data-informed), and then a second cardiac arrest case...
June 2023: Resuscitation plus
Aliasghar Manouchehri, Hale Rashidian, Zakaria Zakariaei
Metformin-associated lactic acidosis is an extremely unusual but potentially life-threatening condition. This condition is typically observed in individuals who are suicidal or have type II diabetes mellitus (DM) and have taken an overdose of metformin. In this case, we present the instance of a 43-year-old man who had type II DM and was addicted to oral opium. Following a suicide attempt with an overdose of metformin, he experienced symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, weakness and lactic acidosis. However, prompt and effective treatment was administered, including hemodialysis and adequate hemodynamic resuscitation, leading to a successful outcome...
May 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Anudeep Jafra, Divya Jain, Neerja Bhardwaj, Sandhya Yaddanapudi
Unexpected cardiac arrest in the perioperative period is a devastating complication. Owing to immaturity of organ systems, and presence of congenital malformations, morbidity and mortality are higher in neonates. There is abundant literature about early recognition and management of perioperative adverse events in children, but similar data and guidelines for surgical neonates is lacking. The current neonatal resuscitation guidelines cater to a newborn requiring resuscitation at the time of birth in the delivery room...
2023: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Stefano Benenati, Federico Giacobbe, Antonio Zingarelli, Fernando Macaya, Carloalberto Biolè, Angelica Rossi, Marco Pavani, Giorgio Quadri, Umberto Barbero, Andrea Erriquez, Tiziana Aranzulla, Chiara Cavallino, Dario Buccheri, Cristina Rolfo, Giuseppe Patti, Nieves Gonzalo, Alessandra Chinaglia, Giuseppe Musumeci, Javier Escaned, Ferdinando Varbella, Enrico Cerrato, Italo Porto
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of patients with spontaneous coronary artery dissection remains debated. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the DISCO (Dissezioni Spontanee Coronariche) Registry up to December 2020 were included. The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular events, a composite of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Independent predictors of PCI and medical management were investigated...
June 1, 2023: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
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