keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/100001003/emergency-management-of-sepsis-the-simple-stuff-saves-lives
#1
David Sweet , Julian Marsden , Kendall Ho , Christina Krause , James A Russell
Many emergency departments have implemented sepsis protocols since the 2001 publication of results from the early goal-directed therapy trial, which showed early targeted resuscitation lowers mortality. As part of an attempt to improve clinical and operational outcomes for emergency departments across British Columbia, we reviewed sepsis management literature and considered sepsis protocol implementation in the province’s emergency departments. During the literature review we found that many observational studies confirmed an association between implementation of emergency sepsis protocols and decreased mortality...
May 2012: British Columbia Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33073883/outcomes-of-monochorionic-twin-pregnancies-complicated-by-type-iii-selective-fetal-growth-restriction
#2
S Shinar, W Xing, V Pruthi, C Jianping, F Slaghekke, S Groene, E Lopriore, L Lewi, I Couck, Y Yinon, L Batsry, L Raio, S Amylidi-Mohr, D Baud, F Kneuss, P DeKoninck, J Moscou, J Barrett, N Melamed, G Ryan, L Sun, T Van Mieghem
OBJECTIVE: Type III selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) is associated with a high and unpredictable risk of fetal death and fetal brain injury. Our objective was to describe the prospective risk of fetal death and the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes in a contemporary cohort. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies complicated by type III sIUGR managed at nine fetal centers over a 12-year time period. Higher order multiples, major fetal anomalies or other monochorionicity related complications at initial presentation were excluded...
October 19, 2020: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33073742/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-injuries-among-emergency-medical-technicians-and-paramedics-a-comprehensive-narrative-review
#3
Rivi Friedenberg, Leonid Kalichman, David Ezra, Oren Wacht, Deborah Alperovitch-Najenson
The aim of this article was to review the current knowledge relating to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) and non-fatal injuries in emergency medical technicians and paramedics (EMTs-Ps). A literature search was conducted in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Clinical Key. The annual prevalence of back pain ranged from 30% to 66%, and back injuries and contusions from 4% to 43%. Falls, slips, trips, and overexertion while lifting or carrying patients or instruments ranged from 10% to 56%, with overexertion being the most common injury...
October 19, 2020: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33072657/effect-of-population-lockdown-on-pediatric-emergency-room-demands-in-the-era-of-covid-19
#4
Francesco Valitutti, Letizia Zenzeri, Angela Mauro, Rosario Pacifico, Micaela Borrelli, Stefania Muzzica, Giovanni Boccia, Vincenzo Tipo, Pietro Vajro
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and population lockdown on pediatric ED consultations. Methods: A cross-sectional study on pediatric emergency department consultations before and during the current COVID-19 pandemic (March-May 2019 vs. March-May 2020) was performed in two hospitals in the Campania region (Southern Italy) [i.e., Salerno University Hospital (Salerno) and Pediatric Regional Referral Emergency Hub "AORN Santobono-Pausillipon" (Naples)]...
2020: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33072643/phlegmasia-cerulea-dolens-a-rare-case-report
#5
Alireza Abootalebi, Mohsen Salemi, Farhad Heidari, Azita Azimi Meibody
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens is a severe form of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) characterized by severe venous outflow obstruction, marked limb swelling, pain, bluish discoloration, and even venous gangrene if the condition is untreated. In our case, 75-year-old woman, with general abdominal pain, which increases with eating and anorexia and 5 days of coldness and swelling of the left leg, was accepted. The patient had a history of Type II diabetes, ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure, hyperlipidemic (HLP), hypertension, metastatic ovarian cancer, and previous DVT...
2020: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33072464/late-intraocular-lens-dislocation-resulting-from-haptic-breakage-following-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#6
Samantha Prabakaran, Mouwafak Moureiden, Saima Qureshi, Aman Sharma, Trisha Tran, Saad Shaikh
We report a case of an asymptomatic 65-year-old male who on routine eye examination had anterior dislocation of an intraocular lens (IOL) implant placed 23 years prior. Ten months prior to presentation, the patient had cardiac surgery complicated by cardiac arrest requiring chest compressions. Dislocation of an intraocular lens is a rare complication of cataract surgery. One of the causative factors for haptic breakage in our case was the polyimide haptic material. Polyimide has been shown to become brittle over time in warm and moist environments such as the human eye...
September 14, 2020: Curēus
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33072437/the-predisposing-factors-of-aki-for-prophylactic-strategies-in-burn-care
#7
Shin-Yi Tsai, Chon-Fu Lio, Shou-Chuan Shih, Cheng-Jui Lin, Yu-Tien Chen, Chia-Meng Yu, Fang-Ju Sun, Chien-Feng Kuo, Xiaofeng Jia
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most severe complications of burn injury. AKI with severe burn injury causes high mortality. This study aims to investigate the incidence of and predisposing factors for AKI in burn patients. Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective, descriptive criterion standard study conducted from June 27, 2015, to March 8, 2016. We used Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes criteria to define and select patients with AKI...
2020: PeerJ
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33071538/targeted-temperature-management-for-treatment-of-cardiac-arrest
#8
REVIEW
Tyler P Rasmussen, T C Bullis, S Girotra
Purpose of review: Cardiac arrest is a common condition associated with high mortality and a substantial risk of neurological injury among survivors. Targeted temperature management (TTM) is the only strategy shown to reduce the risk of neurologic disability cardiac arrest patients. In this article, we provide a comprehensive review of TTM with an emphasis on recent trials. Recent findings: After early studies demonstrating the benefit of TTM in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to a shockable rhythm, newer studies have extended the benefit of TTM to patients with a nonshockable rhythm and in-hospital cardiac arrest...
2020: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33071230/-a-rebleeding-case-of-carotid-blowout-syndrome-after-endovascular-treatment-with-covered-stent
#9
Yujiro Tanaka, Takao Hashimoto, Tomoya Yokoyama, Yusuke Arai, Muneaki Kikuno, Hiroki Sato, Kiyoaki Tsukahara, Michihiro Kohno
We present a case of a patient who survived carotid blowout syndrome(CBS)due to covered stent placement, but bled again 34 days later. A 67-year-old man with laryngeal cancer experienced cardiac arrest due to carotid blowout a day after he underwent the balloon occlusion test and abnormal feeder embolization of the tumor. After quick resuscitation, he was treated with endovascular therapy using a covered stent, since he had insufficient cerebral ischemic tolerance. We succeeded in stent placement and the bleeding stopped without any procedural complications...
October 2020: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33071075/comparison-of-manual-and-mechanical-chest-compression-techniques-using-cerebral-oximetry-in-witnessed-cardiac-arrests-at-the-emergency-department-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#10
Filiz Baloglu Kaya, Nurdan Acar, Engin Ozakin, Mustafa Emin Canakci, Caglar Kuas, Muzaffer Bilgin
AIM: We aimed to compare regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2 ) levels during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), performed either manually or using a mechanical chest compression device (MCCD), in witnessed cardiac arrest cases in the emergency department (ED), and to evaluate the effects of both the CPR methods and perfusion levels on patient survival and neurological outcomes. METHODS: This single-center, randomized study recruited patients aged ≥18 years who had witnessed a cardiopulmonary arrest in the ED...
June 28, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33071074/massive-transfusion-protocol-in-adult-trauma-population
#11
REVIEW
Evander Meneses, Dessy Boneva, Mark McKenney, Adel Elkbuli
BACKGROUND: Acute blood loss in trauma requires quick identification and action to restore circulating volume and save the patient. Massive transfusion protocols (MTPs) have become standard at Trauma Centers, in order to rapidly deliver blood products to bleeding patients. This literature review presents current standards of transfusion ratios, as well as insights into adjuncts during massive transfusions. METHODS: PubMED was searched for articles from 2005 to 2020 on MTPs, the article were assessed for single vs...
July 22, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33071073/administration-of-inhaled-noble-and-other-gases-after-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Abbas Alshami, Sharon Einav, Markus B Skrifvars, Joseph Varon
OBJECTIVE: Inhalation of noble and other gases after cardiac arrest (CA) might improve neurological and cardiac outcomes. This article discusses up-to-date information on this novel therapeutic intervention. DATA SOURCES: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, online published abstracts from conference proceedings, clinical trial registry clinicaltrials.gov, and reference lists of relevant papers were systematically searched from January 1960 till March 2019. STUDY SELECTION: Preclinical and clinical studies, irrespective of their types or described outcomes, were included...
July 2, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33070468/an-impact-of-national-lockdown-towards-emergency-department-visits-and-admission-rates-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-thailand-a-hospital-based-study
#13
Wachira Wongtanasarasin, Thanchanok Srisawang, Wanwisa Yothiya, Phichayut Phinyo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the national lockdown due to the 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic towards the Emergency Department (ED) visits and admission rates in Thailand. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical database of patients presenting to the ED during the national lockdown period (26 March to 30 June 2020). We used the same time interval in the year 2019 as the control period in our analysis. We collected baseline characteristics and outcomes of each patient in the ED...
October 18, 2020: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33069590/use-of-supraglottic-airway-devices-under-capnography-monitoring-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Francisco José Cereceda-Sánchez, Jesús Molina-Mula
BACKGROUND: Bag-valve-mask ventilation is the most commonly applied method during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Globally, advanced airway management with blind insertion devices such as supraglottic airway devices has been implemented for years by different emergency services. The efficiency of ventilation via such devices could be measured by capnography. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether capnography is useful in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to assess the effectiveness of ventilation via supraglottic airway devices...
October 14, 2020: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33069542/studying-outcome-predictors-of-drowning-at-the-scene-why-do-we-have-so-few-answers
#15
William Koon, Tessa Clemens, Joost Bierens, Linda Quan
BACKGROUND: Identification of predictors of outcome at the scene of drowning events could guide prevention, care and resource utilization. This review aimed to describe where, what and how scene predictive factors have been evaluated in drowning outcome studies. METHODS: We reviewed studies reporting scene drowning predictors published between 2003 and 2019. Data extraction included study populations, data sources, predictor factors (victim, incident, rescue, resuscitation and hospital-related), outcome measures and type of analyses...
October 10, 2020: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33068641/a-rapid-review-of-advanced-life-support-guidelines-for-cardiac-arrest-associated-with-anaphylaxis
#16
REVIEW
Michael McLure, Kathryn Eastwood, Michael Parr, Janet Bray
BACKGROUND: We conducted a rapid review of current international and Australian advanced life support (ALS) guidelines for cardiac arrest associated with anaphylaxis to (1) assess the variation and (2) determine if a systematic review update of ALS guideline recommendations is warranted. METHOD: A search and comparison of key recommendations was conducted for international and Australian clinical guidelines including World Allergy Organisation's member societies' and member organizations of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation's (ILCOR) producing anaphylaxis guidelines...
October 14, 2020: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33067528/initial-red-cell-distribution-width-as-a-predictor-of-poor-neurological-outcomes-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survivors-in-a-prospective-multicenter-observational-study-the-kocarc-study
#17
Seon Hee Woo, Woon Jeong Lee, Dae Hee Kim, Youngsuk Cho, Gyu Chong Cho
This study aimed to investigate whether the initial red cell distribution width (RDW) at the emergency department (ED) is associated with poor neurological outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors. We performed a prospective observational analysis of patients admitted to the ED between October 2015 and June 2018 from the Korean Cardiac Arrest Research Consortium registry. We included OHCA patients who visited the ED and achieved return of spontaneous circulation. Initial RDW values were measured at the time of the ED visit...
October 16, 2020: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33067003/commentary-epinephrine-s-meager-benefit-in-resuscitation-illustrates-the-need-for-shrewd-bedside-judgment-when-resuscitating-cardiothoracic-surgery-patients
#18
EDITORIAL
Robin Varghese, Parth Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2020: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33066158/functional-neural-changes-after-low-frequency-bilateral-globus-pallidus-internus-deep-brain-stimulation-for-post-hypoxic-cortical-myoclonus-voxel-based-subtraction-analysis-of-serial-positron-emission
#19
Myung Ji Kim, So Hee Park, Kyoung Heo, Jin Woo Chang, Joong Il Kim, Won Seok Chang
Post-hypoxic myoclonus (PHM) and Lance-Adams syndrome (LAS) are rare conditions following cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The aim of this study was to identify functional activity in the cerebral cortex after a hypoxic event and to investigate alterations that could be modulated by deep brain stimulation (DBS). A voxel-based subtraction analysis of serial positron emission tomography (PET) scans was performed in a 34-year-old woman with chronic medically refractory PHM that improved with bilateral globus pallidus internus (Gpi) DBS implanted three years after the hypoxic event...
October 13, 2020: Brain Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33065574/platelets-parameters-in-septic-shock-clinical-usefulness-and-prognostic-value
#20
Ghada Al Harbi, Anis Chaari
: Septic shock is a common cause of admission in the ICUs. Despite tremendous improvement in the management modalities, mortality remains high. Early diagnosis and prompt resuscitation are required to improve prognosis. Therefore, identifying a biomarker that could reveal the sepsis at its earlier stage is of paramount importance. In this regards, platelet parameters, such as mean platelet volume, immature platelet fraction and platelet-derived microparticles have been investigated as possible sepsis biomarkers...
October 2020: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
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