David Sweet , Julian Marsden , Kendall Ho , Christina Krause , James A Russell
Many emergency departments have implemented sepsis protocols since the 2001 publication of results from the early goal-directed therapy trial, which showed early targeted resuscitation lowers mortality. As part of an attempt to improve clinical and operational outcomes for emergency departments across British Columbia, we reviewed sepsis management literature and considered sepsis protocol implementation in the province’s emergency departments. During the literature review we found that many observational studies confirmed an association between implementation of emergency sepsis protocols and decreased mortality...
May 2012: British Columbia Medical Journal
Allyson M Hynes, Shyam Murali, Gary A Bass, Tareq Kheirbek, Zaffer Qasim, Naomi George, Jay A Yelon, Kristen C Chreiman, Niels D Martin, Jeremy W Cannon
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic shock requires timely administration of blood products and resuscitative adjuncts through multiple access sites. Intraosseous (IO) devices offer an alternative to intravenous (IV) access as recommended by the massive hemorrhage, A-airway, R-respiratory, C-circulation, and H-hypothermia (MARCH) algorithm of Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC). However, venous injuries proximal to the site of IO access may complicate resuscitative attempts. Sternal IO access represents an alternative pioneered by military personnel...
December 8, 2023: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
April Felton, Kristy Cheshire
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10% of newborns require resuscitation at delivery or during a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) stay. Neonatal intensive care unit caregivers competent in providing neonatal resuscitation decrease perinatal mortality and improve neonatal outcomes. Infrequency of resuscitation events, lack of repetition, and inexperience leave caregivers feeling un-prepared for emergency situations. There is a need for educational strategies to maintain competency and increase confidence and comfort level...
December 6, 2023: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
David Nugraha, Rezy Ramawan Melbiarta, Visuddho Visuddho, Rimbun Rimbun, Sakina Sakina, Lilik Herawati, Fithriyah Cholifatul Ummah, Purwo Sri Rejeki, Achmad Chusnu Romdhoni
PURPOSE: Hybrid learning has been chosen as an alternative method in the conduction of clinical skill lectures during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic since students need to learn skills applied in emergency situations. This study aims to analyze students' attitudes between hybrid and online learning methods. METHODS: A non-randomized study was conducted between hybrid group (HG) and online group (OG) on three courses (intravenous [IV]-line insertion, nasogastric tube [NGT] insertion, and neonatal resuscitation)...
December 2023: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Jason W Greenberg, Eashwar C Kantemneni, Kevin Kulshrestha, Jessica S Clothier, Mallika V Desai, David S Winlaw, Farhan Zafar, David L S Morales
BACKGROUND: With rates of potential donor heart discard as high as 66% nationally, quality improvement efforts must seek to optimize donor utilization. Whether the timing of donor brain death declaration (BDD) influences organ acceptance is understudied. The authors sought to characterize the impacts of time between donor hospital admission and BDD on heart utilization and posttransplant outcomes. METHODS: All potential heart donors and recipients in the United Network for Organ Sharing database were identified (2006-2021)...
December 8, 2023: Transplantation
Trine Berglie Spjeldnæs, Kristine A Vik Nilsen, Lars Myrmel, Jan-Oddvar Sørnes, Guttorm Brattebø
BACKGROUND: The Emergency Medical Communications Center (EMCC) is essential in emergencies and often represents the public's first encounter with the healthcare system. Previous research has mainly focused on the dispatcher's perspective. Therefore, there is a lack of insight into the callers' perspectives, the attainment of which may contribute significantly to improving the quality of this vital public service. Most calls are now made from mobile phones, opening up novel approaches for obtaining caller feedback using tools such as short-message services (SMS)...
December 7, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Michael R Pinsky, Fabio Guarracino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2023: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Fabian Voß, Tharusan Thevathasan, Karl Heinrich Scholz, Bernd W Böttiger, Daniel Scheiber, Payam Kabiri, Michael Bernhard, Peter Kienbaum, Christian Jung, Ralf Westenfeld, Carsten Skurk, Christoph Adler, Malte Kelm
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains a frequent medical emergency with low survival rates even after a return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Growing evidence supports formation of dedicated teams in scenarios like cardiogenic shock to improve prognosis. Thus, the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) recommended introduction of Cardiac Arrest Centers (CAC) in their 2015 guidelines. Here, we aimed to elucidate the effects of newly introduced CACs in Germany regarding survival rate and neurological outcome...
December 5, 2023: Resuscitation
Stefano Tigano, Alessandro Caruso, Calogero Liotta, Luigi La Via, Maria Vargas, Stefano Romagnoli, Giovanni Landoni, Filippo Sanfilippo
BACKGROUND: Veno-arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is a rescue treatment in refractory cardiogenic shock (CS) or refractory cardiac arrest (CA). Exposure to hyperoxemia is common during VA-ECMO, and its impact on patient's outcome remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review (PubMed and Scopus) and meta-analysis investigating the effects of exposure to severe hyperoxemia on mortality and poor neurological outcome in patients supported by VA-ECMO...
December 5, 2023: Resuscitation
Markus Skrifvars
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2023: Resuscitation
Kelly N Sawyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2023: Resuscitation
Lavienraj Premraj, Alastair Brown, John F Fraser, Vincent Pellegrino, David Pilcher, Aidan Burrell
OBJECTIVES: This review aims to: 1) identify the key circuit and patient factors affecting systemic oxygenation, 2) summarize the literature reporting the association between hyperoxia and patient outcomes, and 3) provide a pragmatic approach to oxygen titration, in patients undergoing peripheral venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). DATA SOURCES: Searches were performed using PubMed, SCOPUS, Medline, and Google Scholar. STUDY SELECTION: All observational and interventional studies investigating the association between hyperoxia, and clinical outcomes were included, as well as guidelines from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization...
December 7, 2023: Critical Care Medicine
Christos Lazaridis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2023: Critical Care Medicine
Isabelle Arctaedius, Helena Levin, Melker Larsson, Hans Friberg, Tobias Cronberg, Niklas Nielsen, Marion Moseby-Knappe, Anna Lybeck
OBJECTIVES: To explore broadened entry criteria of the 2021 European Resuscitation Council/European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ERC/ESICM) algorithm for neuroprognostication including patients with ongoing sedation and Glasgow Coma Scale-Motor score (GCS-M) scores 4-5. DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter observational study. SETTING: Four ICUs, Skane, Sweden. PATIENTS: Postcardiac arrest patients managed at targeted temperature 36°C, 2014-2018...
December 7, 2023: Critical Care Medicine
Zohreh Hosseini Marznaki, Majid Khalilizad, Azadeh Moradi, Mohammed A Mamun
BACKGROUND: As people age, survival after a heart attack can affect their quality of life and lead to a decrease in life satisfaction. After a myocardial infarction, elderly patients may experience physical, psychological, emotional and social changes that affect their thoughts and behaviour in relation to spirituality. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between spiritual well-being and other sociodemographic and medical history-related factors on quality of life and life satisfaction among elderly people after myocardial infarction...
December 7, 2023: BJPsych Open
Wisse M F van den Beuken, Michael R Sayre, Theresa M Olasveengen, Jacob E Sunshine
INTRODUCTION: Automated cardiac arrest diagnosis offers the possibility to significantly shorten the interval between onset of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and notification of EMS, providing the opportunity for earlier resuscitation and possibly increased survival. METHODS: Automated cardiac arrest diagnosis was one of six focus topics for the Wolf Creek XVII Conference held on June 14-17 2023 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Conference invitees included international thought leaders and scientists in the field of cardiac arrest resuscitation from academia and industry...
December 2023: Resuscitation plus
Florian Dax, Heiko Trentzsch, Marc Lazarovici, Kathrin Hegenberg, Katharina Kneißl, Florian Hoffmann, Stephan Prückner
BACKGROUND: Not all patients who call the ambulance service are subsequently transported to hospital. In 2018, a quarter of deployments of an emergency ambulance in Bavaria were not followed by patient transport. This study describes factors that influence patient transport rates. METHOD: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study based on data from all Integrated Dispatch Centres of the Free State of Bavaria in 2018. Included were ambulance deployments without emergency physician involvement, which were subdivided into ambulance deployments without transport and ambulance deployments with transport...
December 6, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Yohei Okada, Nur Shahidah, Yih Yng Ng, Michael Y C Chia, Han Nee Gan, Benjamin S H Leong, Desmond R Mao, Wei Ming Ng, Nausheen Edwin, Takeyuki Kiguchi, Norihiro Nishioka, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Taku Iwami, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicated outcomes among refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients with initial shockable rhythm were different in Singapore and Osaka, Japan, possibly due to the differences in access to extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. However, this previous study had a risk of selection bias. To address this concern, this study aimed to evaluate the outcomes between Singapore and Osaka for OHCA patients with initial shockable rhythm using only population-based databases...
December 6, 2023: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Sun-Wook Kim, Jung Hun Ohn, Nak-Hyun Kim, Eun Sun Kim, Yejee Lim, Jongchan Lee, Hye Won Kim, Jiwon Ryu, Hee-Sun Park, Koung Jin Suh, Ji-Won Kim, Jin Won Kim, Se Hyun Kim, Yu Jung Kim, Keun-Wook Lee, Jee Hyun Kim, Jong Seok Lee, Hak Chul Jang
BACKGROUND: The hospitalist system has been introduced to improve the quality and safety of inpatient care. As its effectiveness has been confirmed in previous studies, the hospitalist system is spreading in various fields. However, few studies have investigated the feasibility and value of hospitalist-led care of patients with cancer in terms of quality and safety measures. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the Hospitalist-Oncologist co-ManagemEnt (HOME) system. METHODS: Between January 1, 2019, and January 31, 2021, we analyzed 591 admissions before and 1068 admissions after the introduction of HOME system on January 1, 2020...
December 6, 2023: BMC Health Services Research
Masaya Nakamoto, Jun Teruya, Aya Miyahira, Konosuke Kinoshita, Kengo Kimura, Michinaru Akamatsu, Eiji Nozato
The case is of a 66-year-old woman who visited a general practitioner with a chief complaint of cough. She was referred to the Internal Medicine Department of our hospital because an abnormal shadow was found in her chest X-ray examination. A CT scan suspected her to have a metastatic lung tumor, and gastric cancer was diagnosed on primary site search. The patient was started on G-SOX therapy. After 2 courses, she experienced massive hematemesis and was referred to the hospital. A CT scan revealed arterial bleeding into the stomach...
November 2023: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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