keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33831799/dysregulation-of-metallothionein-and-zinc-aggravates-periodontal-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Jazli Aziz, Mohammad Tariqur Rahman, Rathna Devi Vaithilingam
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis (PD) is a multifaceted inflammatory disease connected to bacterial infection that results in the destruction of tooth supporting structures and eventually tooth loss. Given their involvement in infection and inflammation, both metallothionein (MT) and zinc (Zn) might play vital roles in the development and progression of PD. More specifically, both MT and Zn are heavily involved in regulating immune functions, controlling bacterial infection, balancing inflammatory responses, and reducing oxidative stress, all of which are associated with the pathogenesis of PD...
April 3, 2021: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33829721/gingival-recession-after-surgical-endodontic-treatment-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Ruaa A Alamoudi, Nuha S Alghamdi, Saad M Alqahtani, Rana A S Alamoudi, Khlood Baghlaf
PURPOSE: This systematic review addressed flap designs in endodontic surgery which can have an impact on the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Scopus) to identify all studies up to November 2019 that investigated the effect of flap designs on gingival recession and quality of life among healthy adults. RESULTS: The initial search identified 2701 references...
January 7, 2021: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33829720/comparative-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-40-miswak-mouthwash-and-0-12-chlorhexidine-mouthwash-in-treating-gingivitis-a-blinded-randomised-clinical-trial
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sumayah Al-Mahmood, Dunia Wadeea Sabea
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of a 40% miswak compared to a 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwash. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients aged 20-55 years who attended the Periodontics Clinics at the College of Dentistry, Al-Iraqia University, Baghdad, Iraq, were allocated into 2 groups to use either 40% miswak mouthwash or 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate Kin Gingival (Laboratorios KIN) twice daily for 2 months. Gingival, bleeding, and plaque indices were assessed...
January 7, 2021: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33829719/developing-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-dental-caries-management-for-the-malaysian-population-through-the-adapte-trans-contextual-adaptation-process
#4
Ainol Haniza Kherul Anuwar, Norintan Ab-Murat
PURPOSE: To develop an evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) on caries management for the Malaysian population using the ADAPTE trans-contextual adaptation framework. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify all CPGs related to caries management on guideline repository websites and other platforms. The search findings were screened and the quality of the identified guidelines was evaluated using the AGREE II tool. The currency and the content of the recommendations were assessed by multidisciplinary experts for local adaptation...
January 7, 2021: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33829631/dental-plaque-control-strategies-for-the-elderly-population-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
María Del Rosario Ruiz Núñez, Mariane da Luz Raulino, Renata Goulart Castro, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature and identify dental plaque control strategies focused on elderly people that improve plaque indices. DESIGN: Scoping review (Joanna Briggs protocol). DATA SOURCES: Individual search strategies developed for six databases. The selection of the manuscripts in two phases: title and abstract review, and complete review. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies on interventions for plaque control in elderly people (60y+)...
April 8, 2021: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33829562/batman-or-joker-a-mixed-method-approach-to-understanding-children-s-perceptions-of-dentists
#6
Burak Buldur
It is important to understand children's perceptions of dentists in order to improve child-dentist communication. The aim of this mixed-methods study was to develop and validate a conceptual model of individual determinants of children's perceptions of dentists. A total of 1014 children completed an oral health behaviour form, a metaphor form, the Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale, the Dental Trust Scale, and the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale. A conceptual model, which included five endogenous and two exogenous variables, was developed and validated...
April 7, 2021: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33829548/polypharmacy-and-saliva-volumes-in-the-northeast-of-germany-the-study-of-health-in-pomerania
#7
Oliver Laugisch, Birte Holtfreter, Christiane Pink, Stefanie Samietz, Henry Völzke, Thomas Kocher
OBJECTIVES: Associations between saliva volumes or salivary flow rates and potentially xerogenic medication are rarely evaluated in cohorts with a wide age range. This cross-sectional cohort study investigated possible relationships between the regular consumption of potentially xerogenic medication and stimulated saliva volumes. METHODS: Data from the German Studies of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-2 and SHIP-Trend-0) were pooled. Potentially xerogenic medications were identified using the Workshop on Oral Medicine VI criteria...
April 7, 2021: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33829540/temporomandibular-disorder-subtypes-emotional-distress-impaired-sleep-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-asian-patients
#8
Jie Lei, Adrian Ujin Yap, Minjuan Zhang, Kai-Yuan Fu
OBJECTIVES: This study determined the differences in emotional states, sleep and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) between patients with pain-related and intra-articular Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), and associated emotional symptoms with sleep and OHRQoL. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a tertiary TMDs referral centre. The Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Oral Health Impact Profile-TMDs (OHIP-TMDs) were used to assess emotional states, sleep and Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), respectively...
April 7, 2021: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33829523/prevalence-of-toothache-in-chinese-adults-aged-65-years-and-above
#9
Shiyu Wan, Liyuan Tao, Min Liu, Jue Liu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of toothache and its risk indicators in the older Chinese population. METHODS: National cross-sectional survey data on 25 048 Chinese people ≥65 years in 2011, 2014 and 2018 survey year were analysed and then pooled. Chi-square test was used to examine the differences in prevalence among specific subgroups. Multivariate modified Poisson regression analyses with robust error variances were used to detect related factors and prevalence ratios (PR) were calculated...
April 7, 2021: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33828997/the-oral-microbiome-in-periodontal-health
#10
Magdalena Lenartova, Barbora Tesinska, Tatjana Janatova, Ondrej Hrebicek, Jaroslav Mysak, Jiri Janata, Lucie Najmanova
The estimation of oral microbiome (OM) taxonomic composition in periodontally healthy individuals can often be biased because the clinically periodontally healthy subjects for evaluation can already experience dysbiosis. Usually, they are included just based on the absence of clinical signs of periodontitis. Additionally, the age of subjects is used to be higher to correspond well with tested groups of patients with chronic periodontitis, a disorder typically associated with aging. However, the dysbiosis of the OM precedes the clinical signs of the disease by many months or even years...
2021: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33827583/implementing-care-coordination-in-a-large-dental-care-organization-in-the-united-states-by-upskilling-front-office-personnel
#11
Aubri M Kottek, Kristin S Hoeft, Joel M White, Kristen Simmons, Elizabeth A Mertz
BACKGROUND: Care coordination is a key strategy used to improve health outcomes and efficiency, yet there are limited examples in dentistry. A large dental accountable care organization piloted care coordination by retraining existing administrative staff to coordinate the care of high-risk patients. Following the pilot's success, a formal "dental care advocate" (DCA) role was integrated system-wide. The goal of this new role is to improve care, patient engagement, and health outcomes while integrating staff into the clinical care team...
April 7, 2021: Human Resources for Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33826661/special-care-dentistry-perception-among-dentists-in-jakarta-an-online-survey-study
#12
Masita Mandasari, Febrina Rahmayanti, Hajer Derbi, Yuniardini S Wimardhani
Special Care Dentistry (SCD) or Special Needs Dentistry is a branch of dentistry concerned with the oral health of people with a variety of medical conditions or limitations that require more than routine delivery of care. There were reports on oral status of special care patients and special interest group for SCD dentists in Indonesia has existed. However, there was not perception report on SCD amongst dentists in Jakarta. This paper will describe the perception of dentists in Jakarta towards SCD. A cross-sectional questionnaire, translated and cross adapted to Indonesian, was distributed online through Whatsapp to dentists registered in Jakarta late 2019...
2021: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33826146/diversity-equity-and-inclusion-interventions-to-support-admissions-have-had-little-benefit-to-black-students-over-past-20-years
#13
Romesh P Nalliah, Peggy Timothé, Michael S Reddy
The United States has a history of systemic racism and violence toward minority communities. Unfortunately, the last year has demonstrated that systemic racism, and its consequences, persist. The dental profession has also failed to adequately resolve known issues of racial inequity and systemic racism, with persistent disparities in oral health outcomes for Black Americans compared to all other Americans, underrepresentation of minorities in the profession, and barriers to entry. However, dental education has the opportunity to address these issues...
April 7, 2021: Journal of Dental Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33825968/is-dietary-pattern-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-dental-caries
#14
Caroline Stein, Joana Cunha-Cruz, Fernando Neves Hugo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a healthy diet and added sugar mediate the relationship between socioeconomic status and oral health status in adults. METHODS: This is a secondary cross-sectional analysis of adult participants from the 2015-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from the United States (n=3367). Structural equation modeling tested direct and indirect pathways from a latent variable for socioeconomic status to oral health via healthy eating (Health Eating Index) and added sugar in a multiple-mediator multiple-outcome model...
April 7, 2021: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33825212/a-systematic-review-of-oral-health-educational-media-innovation-for-visually-impaired-children-which-one-brings-the-best-impact-of-change
#15
Titis Maulanti, Ira Nurmala
AIM: Various innovations of oral health education media were used to bring an impact on oral health behavior and status among visually impaired children. This paper was aimed to systematically investigate which innovation brings the best impact of change. METHODS: A systematic searching strategy in Scopus, PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, EBSCO, SAGE, and Cochrane Library database was applied in this study, then followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline...
April 6, 2021: Special Care in Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33825184/adaptive-e-learning-platforms-can-improve-student-performance-and-engagement-in-dental-education
#16
Muhammed Yakin, Kelly Linden
PURPOSE: Knowledge of normal tissue architecture is essential for one of the vitally important graduate competencies in dentistry, which is the recognition and appropriate referral of patients with oral mucosal and jawbone abnormalities for timely management and improved outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of online adaptive lessons on improving perceived and measured student performance, motivation, and student perceptions in dental education. METHODS: This mixed-method study was conducted on year 1 and year 3 undergraduate dental students...
April 7, 2021: Journal of Dental Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33823739/is-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-quality-of-life-among-pregnant-finnish-families-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Palo Katri, Tolvanen Mimmi, Karlsson Hasse, Karlsson Linnea, Lahti Satu
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study was to find out if oral health-related quality of life and its dimensions (OHRQoL) are associated with overall quality of life (QoL) among mothers and fathers during pregnancy and whether these two constructs were associated within the family sharing the same living environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data (mothers n  = 2580, fathers n  = 1467) for this cross-sectional data study were collected from the FinnBrain Birth Cohort study during 2011-2015...
April 7, 2021: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33822536/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-implant-supported-full-mouth-rehabilitation-patients-treated-in-a-university-dental-hospital-a-retrospective-study
#18
Tasleem Abitha S, Marian Anand Bennis, Geo Mani
Full-mouth rehabilitation is the restoration of the form and function of the masticatory apparatus. Complete dentistry has five comprehensive goals in full-mouth rehabilitation: anatomic harmony, optimal oral health, best aesthetics, occlusal stability, and functional harmony. Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) has become an important issue in the clinical practice of dentistry. Loss of complete natural teeth and resorption of alveolar bone are considered oral health impairment because they hinder the mastication, phonetics, and aesthetics of the stomatognathic system...
2021: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33818135/current-state-of-serious-games-in-dentistry-a-scoping-review
#19
Carlos Zaror, Rodrigo Mariño, Claudia Atala-Acevedo
Objective: Over the past decade, serious games (SGs) have played a growing role in medical education and health promotion; however, little is known about their use in the field of oral health. This study provides a comprehensive synthesis about SGs developed for training oral health professionals or for health promotion in oral health. Material and Methods: A systematic search was conducted. The following electronic databases were reviewed: MEDLINE (1966 to September 2019), Embase (1980 to September 2019), and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), LILACS and Scopus from inception to September 2019...
April 2021: Games for Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33817899/recommendations-for-improving-dental-care-for-dentate-home-based-older-people-a-qualitative-new-zealand-study
#20
Lee Smith, Moira Smith, W Murray Thomson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A small number of national studies have explored the barriers to older people accessing dental care; however, to date none have investigated older people's recommendations for overcoming these barriers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 dentate older people (65 years and over) who resided in New Zealand's Otago region and received home-support. A joint inductive thematic analysis was undertaken, based on the constant comparative method...
April 4, 2021: Gerodontology
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