Eric Mao
Esports has become one of the major online entertainment activities around the globe. Different from the previously dominant massively multiplayer online role-playing games, esports gaming has its unique structural characteristics, which substantially reshape the motivations, experiences, and behaviors of game users while raising new questions for research on Internet gaming disorder. In addition to identifying four structural characteristics of esports, the present study analyzed their implications from both theoretical and practical perspectives and conducted a cross-cultural examination by utilizing accurate and objective match history data of esports gamers in five different geographic regions (countries)...
July 19, 2021: Addictive Behaviors
Michael Kaess, Johanna Klar, Jochen Kindler, Peter Parzer, Romuald Brunner, Vladimir Carli, Marco Sarchiapone, Christina W Hoven, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Shira Barzilay, Julio Bobes, Doina Cozman, Vanja Gomboc, Christian Haring, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Helen Keeley, Gergely Meszaros, George J Musa, Vita Postuvan, Pilar Saiz, Merike Sisask, Peeter Varnik, Franz Resch, Danuta Wasserman
Pathological Internet use (but only with respect to gaming) is classified as mental disorder in the ICD-11. However, there is a large group of adolescents showing excessive Internet use, which may rather be considered adolescent risk-behavior. The aim was to test whether pathological and excessive Internet use should be considered as "psychopathology" or "risk-behavior". A representative, cross-sectional sample of 11.110 students from 10 European Union countries was analyzed. Structural equation models, including the factors "risk-behavior" and "psychopathology" and the variables excessive and pathological Internet use, were tested against each other...
July 9, 2021: Addictive Behaviors
Tonia Samela, Marco Innamorati, David Lester, Giulia Raimondi, Giancarlo Giupponi, Imperatori Claudio, Anna Contardi, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between food addiction severity (FA) and ADHD symptomatology. Furthermore, we investigated whether emotional distress, and the mentalization deficits could mediate this relationship. METHODS: Three hundred eighty-five Italian adults (307 women and 78 men) participated in the study and completed the Italian versions of the Modified Yale Food Addiction Scale version 2.0, the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales 21 and the Mentalization Questionnaire...
July 28, 2021: Appetite
Jeanne Duchesne, Lucie Laflamme, Li Lu, Emmanuel Lagarde, Jette Möller
AIM: Psychotropic drugs like opioids and benzodiazepines are prescribed for traumas resulting from road traffic crashes and the risk of developing an addiction deserves consideration. This study aims to shed light on how the consumption of those drugs evolves over time among older road traffic injury (RTI) victims. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide Swedish register-based longitudinal study to identify trajectories of post-RTI psychotropic drug use. All individuals aged 50 years and older who had a hospital visit for an RTI from 2007 to 2015 were followed up during a two-year period; those who used the drugs prior to the RTI were excluded...
July 31, 2021: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Dorthea Juul, William F Haning, Robert J Ronis, Larry R Faulkner
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the evolution of subspecialty training and certification in addiction psychiatry. The impact of the newer subspecialty in addiction medicine is also addressed. METHODS: Information about programs and trainees was obtained from records of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Information about addiction psychiatry certification was obtained from the records of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN)...
July 30, 2021: Academic Psychiatry
Alan D Kaye, Amber N Edinoff, Logan Scoon, Sean Youn, Kyle J Farrell, Aaron J Kaye, Rutvij J Shah, Elyse M Cornett, Azem A Chami, Bruce M Dixon, Michael A Alvarado, Omar Viswanath, Ivan Urits, Aaron K Calodney
Acute and chronic pain are public health issues that clinicians have been battling for years. Opioid medications have been a treatment option for both chronic and acute pain; however, they can cause unwanted complications and are a major contributor to our present opioid epidemic. The sacroiliac (SI) joint is a common cause of both acute and chronic low back pain. It affects about 15-25% of patients with axial low back pain, and up to 40% of patients with ongoing pain following lumbar fusion. Recent advances in the treatment of SI joint pain have led to the development of a wide variety of SI joint fusion devices...
July 30, 2021: Rheumatology and Therapy
Daniella Goder, Inbar Eshkol-Yogev, Lior Matsliah, Moran Lemberger, Mickey Harlev, Ariel Furer, Meital Zilberman, Dana Egozi
Dealing with wound related pain is an integral part of treatment. Systemic administration of analgesic and anesthetic agents is a common solution for providing pain relief to patients but comes at a risk of severe side effects as well as addiction. To overcome these issues, research efforts were madeto provide a platform for local controlled release of pain killers. We have developed a bilayer soy protein-based wound dressing for the controlled local release of bupivacaine to the wound site. The combination of a dense and a porous layer provides a platform for cell growth and proliferation as well as physical protection to the wound site...
July 17, 2021: Burns
David B Yaden, Andrea P Berghella, Paul S Regier, Albert Garcia-Romeu, Matthew W Johnson, Peter S Hendricks
Several pilot studies have provided evidence supporting the potential of classic psychedelics like psilocybin in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs). If larger trials confirm efficacy, classic psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy may eventually be integrated into existing addiction treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy, contingency management, and medication-assisted therapies. Many individuals seeking treatment for SUDs also join twelve-step facilitation (TSF) programs like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), which are among the most widely available and accessed treatments for alcohol use disorder worldwide...
July 27, 2021: International Journal on Drug Policy
Michael D Raleigh, Nicola Beltraminelli, Stephanie Fallot, Mark G LeSage, Amy Saykao, Paul R Pentel, Steve Fuller, Thomas Thisted, Zuzanna Biesova, Stephen Horrigan, Darryl Sampey, Bin Zhou, Matthew W Kalnik
Use of nicotine-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to sequester and reduce nicotine distribution to brain has been proposed as a therapeutic approach to treat nicotine addiction (the basis of tobacco use disorder). A series of monoclonal antibodies with high affinity for nicotine (nic•mAbs) was isolated from B-cells of vaccinated smokers. Genes encoding 32 unique nicotine binding antibodies were cloned, and the mAbs expressed and tested by surface plasmon resonance to determine their affinity for S-(-)-nicotine...
2021: PloS One
Mateusz Gola, Karol Lewczuk, Marc N Potenza, Drew A Kingston, Joshua B Grubbs, Rudolf Stark, Rory C Reid
Compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD) is currently defined in the eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) as an impulse control disorder. Criteria for hypersexual disorder (HD) had been proposed in 2010 for the fifth revision of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5). In this article, we compare differences between HD and CSBD and discuss their relevance.Significant differences between HD and CSBD criteria include: (1) the role of sexual behavior as a maladaptive coping and emotion regulation strategy listed in criteria for HD but not in those for CSBD; (2) different exclusionary criteria including bipolar and substance use disorders in HD but not in CSBD, and (3) inclusion of new considerations in CSBD, such as moral incongruence (as an exclusion criterion), and diminished pleasure from sexual activity...
November 25, 2020: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Dar Meshi, David Freestone, Ceylan Özdem-Mertens
Background and aims: People can engage in excessive, maladaptive use of social media platforms. This problematic social media use mirrors substance use disorders with regard to symptoms and certain behavioral situations. For example, individuals with substance use disorders demonstrate aberrations in risk evaluations during decision making, and initial research on problematic social media use has revealed similar findings. However, these results concerning problematic social media use have been clouded by tasks that involve learning and that lack a clear demarcation between risky and ambiguous decision making...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
P H Gobira, A L Roncalho, N R Silva, G P Silote, A J Sales, S R Joca
RATIONALE: Cannabis sativa is the most widely used drug by adolescents globally. The recreational use of synthetic cannabinoids by teenagers has also grown in recent years. Despite the wrong perception that exposure to these drugs does not cause harm, repeated exposure to cannabinoids at early stages of life compromises important maturation processes and brain development. Chronic early cannabinoid use has been related to a higher risk of psychiatric outcomes, including cocaine addiction...
July 30, 2021: Psychopharmacology
Christian Nwabueze, Hilary Elom, Sophia Liu, Suzy Mascaro Walter, Zhanxin Sha, Priscila Acevedo, Ying Liu, Brenda Bin Su, Chun Xu, Ubolrat Piamjariyakul, Kesheng Wang
PURPOSE: The study examined the associations of multiple psychiatric and chronic conditions with the self-reported history of major depressive disorder (MDD) among patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) and tested whether the associations differed by gender. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of baseline data from a clinical trial including 1,646 participants with OUD, of which 465 had MDD. A variable cluster analysis was used to classify chronic medical and psychiatric conditions...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Anna Korzeniowska, Gabriela Ręka, Małgorzata Bilska, Halina Piecewicz-Szczęsna
AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aims to present the current state of knowledge on the impact of traditional cigarettes and the nicotine contained in them on the incidence and course of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Moreover, we decided to exhibit the possibility of using this substance to treat COVID-19 infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The latest available scientific publications were reviewed until November 14, 2020, from the PubMed platform. RESULTS: Nicotine is a cholinergic agonist and pro-inflammatory cytokines inhibitor...
2021: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Giuseppe Marletta, Serena Trani, Giulia Rotolo, Maria Carmela Di Monte, Leopoldo Sarli, Giovanna Artioli, Pasquale La Torre, Giuseppe Pedrazzi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The abuse of technical devices can be considered a form of addiction that is defined in current literature as Nomophobia. The phenomenon appears to be quite widespread among nurses and nursing students, and nomophobic behaviours of professionals can lead to a reduction in the quality of the care provided. The aim of this study is to investigate the situation in a University and in a hospital in northern Italy and evaluate the levels of nomophobia among nurses and students...
July 29, 2021: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Perihan Turhan Gürbüz, Özge Gizli Çoban, Ali Erdoğan, Hilal Yazici Kopuz, Aslı Sürer Adanir, Arif Önder
Substance use and addictive disorders are among the most significant public health concerns, particularly during adolescence. The current study aims to investigate internet gaming disorder, social media addiction, and loneliness levels in adolescents and youths with substance use. Methods: The study group consisted of 93 adolescents and youths aged 15-24 who presented to the Alcohol and Substance Addiction Research and Application Center or the Child and Adolescent Mental Health and Diseases outpatient clinic for substance use...
July 30, 2021: Substance Use & Misuse
James M Bjork, Jarrod Reisweber, Jason R Burchett, Paul E Plonski, Anna B Konova, Silvia Lopez-Guzman, Clara E Dismuke-Greer
Impulsivity has been defined by acting rashly during positive mood states (positive urgency; PU) or negative mood states (negative urgency; NU) and by excessive de-valuation of deferred rewards. These behaviors reflect a "live in the now" mentality that is not only characteristic of many individuals with severe substance use disorder (SUD) but also impedes medical treatment compliance and could result in repeated hospitalizations or other poor health outcomes. Purpose/objectives: We sought preliminary evidence that impulsivity may relate to adverse health outcomes in the veteran population...
July 30, 2021: Substance Use & Misuse
Peter J Adams, Marta Rychert, Chris Wilkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2021: Addiction
Grace K Mahowald, Tahira P Khaliq, David Griggs, Mi O, James G Flood, Sacha Uljon
BACKGROUND: We compared oral fluid (OF) and urine (UR) for detection of fentanyl (FEN) use in addiction medicine-psychiatry (AMP) clinics. METHODS: We measured FEN and norfentanyl (NRFEN) in UR with a limit of detection (LOD) of 2.0 µg/L and FEN in OF with an LOD of 0.5 µg/L by LC-MS/MS in 311 paired samples and compared the 2 matrices when higher OF and UR LODs were used. RESULTS: Urine (UR) detected more FEN use than OF using a LOD of 2...
July 29, 2021: Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine
Carla Zi Cai, Yu-Lan Lin, Zhi-Jian Hu, Li Ping Wong
The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic has put healthcare workers in an unprecedented situation, increasing their psychological and mental health distress. Much research has focused on the issues surrounding anxiety, depression, and stress among healthcare workers. The consequences of mental health problems on healthcare workers' physical health, health-compromising behaviours, suicide ideation , family relationships, and job satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic are not well studied. Enhanced psychological stress has known effects on an individual's physical health...
July 19, 2021: World Journal of Psychiatry
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