Dylan K Richards, Frank J Schwebel, Craig A Field, Matthew R Pearson
Psychological need satisfaction and need frustration, proposed by self-determination theory, may serve as conditions that foster health-promoting and health-impairing behaviors related to cannabis use. In the present study, we examined the measurement model of psychological need satisfaction and need frustration and their associations with cannabis protective behavioral strategies use, negative cannabis-related consequences, and cannabis use severity. Data were from 1394 college students from 10 universities across the U...
March 25, 2023: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Saeideh Karimi-Haghighi, Maedeh Mahmoudi, Fatemeh Sayehmiri, Roghayeh Mozafari, Abbas Haghparast
The mechanism behind the reinstament of psychostimulant, as a major obstacle in addiction treatment is not fully understood. Controversial data are available in the literature concerning the role of the endocannabinoid (eCB) system in regulating the relapse to psychostimulant addiction in preclinical studies. The current systematic review aims to evaluate eCB modulators' effect in the reinstatement of commonly abused psychostimulants, including cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine...
March 23, 2023: European Journal of Pharmacology
Katja A Waldron, Melissa A Lewis, Anne M Fairlie, Dana M Litt, Zhengyang Zhou, Dwalyn Bryant
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is an important developmental period in which to understand the cognitive underpinnings of risky alcohol use. Normative perceptions, such as descriptive and injunctive norms, are one of the strongest and most consistent predictors in adolescent drinking research. Thus, it is essential to examine which drinking cognitions (e.g., attitudes, prototypes, perceived vulnerability) are associated with normative drinking perceptions using repeated daily-level data among adolescents...
March 21, 2023: Addictive Behaviors
Karen Chan Osilla, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Rosanna Smart, Anthony Rodriguez, Katherine Nameth, Justin Hummer
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and cannabis are the most commonly used substances among adolescents in the U.S. The consequences related to using both substances together are significantly higher relative to use of either substance alone. Teens' propensity to engage in risky driving behaviors (e.g., speeding, rapid lane changes, and texting) and their relative inexperience with the timing and duration of cannabis' effects puts them at heightened risk for experiencing harms related to driving under the influence...
March 24, 2023: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
Emilia Kolada, Krzysztof Bielski, Mateusz Wilk, Krystyna Rymarczyk, Piotr Bogorodzki, Paweł Kazulo, Bartosz Kossowski, Marek Wypych, Artur Marchewka, Leszek Kaczmarek, Ewelina Knapska, Iwona Szatkowska
Prediction error (PE) is the mismatch between a prior expectation and reality, and it lies at the core of associative learning about aversive and appetitive stimuli. Human studies on fear learning have linked the amygdala to aversive PEs. In contrast, the relationship between the amygdala and PE in appetitive settings and stimuli unlike those that induce fear has received less research attention. Animal studies show that the amygdala is a functionally heterogeneous structure. Nevertheless, the role of the amygdala's nuclei in PE signaling remains unknown in humans...
March 24, 2023: Journal of Neuroscience
Katie Heiden-Rootes, Dixie Meyer, Michael Mancini, Megan Ferber, Jacob Eikenberry, Wenjin Wang, Fred Rottnek, Emily Jung, Sania Karrir
INTRODUCTION: Peer support specialists (PSS) are people with previous psychiatric illness or substance use disorders who use their experience to support those facing similar hardships. PSS offer a range of beneficial outcomes to both the PSS and clients. The most immediate social connections to those seeking treatment are often their families, yet no PSS studies are inclusive of family involvement. Strong theoretical and empirical support exists for family involvement in addiction treatment, but no studies to date on families in substance use treatment include PSS...
March 22, 2023: J Subst Use Addict Treat
Kunru Song, Jia-Lin Zhang, Nan Zhou, Yu Fu, Bowen Zou, Lin-Xuan Xu, Ziliang Wang, Xin Li, Yihong Zhao, Marc Potenza, Xiaoyi Fang, Jin-Tao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Screen media activity (SMA) consumes considerable time in youth's lives, raising concerns about the effects it may have on youth development. Disentangling mixed associations between youth's SMA and developmental measures should move beyond overall screen time and consider types and patterns of SMA. We aimed to identify reliable and generalizable SMA patterns among youth and examine their associations with behavioral developmental measures and developing brain functional connectivity...
March 20, 2023: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Huiying Wang, Shubing Cai, Thomas Caprio, Joseph Goulet, Orna Intrator
OBJECTIVE: Proper initiation and reduction of opioids is important in providing effective and safe pain relief to Veterans with dementia, including in Community Living Centers (CLCs). We examined the trends in aggregated monthly risk-adjusted opioid administration days and dosage over 3 opioid safety regulatory periods: pre-Opioid Safety Initiative period (October 1, 2012-June 30, 2013; period 1), pre-CDC Clinical Practice Guideline period (January 1, 2014-November 30, 2015, period 2) and post-Veterans Affairs Clinical Practice Guideline period (March 1, 2017-September 30, 2018; period 3)...
March 21, 2023: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
J J León, P Fernández-Martin, A González-Rodríguez, R Rodríguez-Herrera, J García-Pinteño, C Pérez-Fernández, A Sánchez-Kuhn, L Amaya-Pascasio, M Soto-Ontoso, P Martínez-Sánchez, F Sánchez-Santed, P Flores
The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is one of the most widely used paradigms for assessing decision-making. An impairment in this process may be linked to several psychopathological disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), substance abuse disorder (SUD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which could make it a good candidate for being consider a transdiagnostic domain. Resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) has been proposed as a promising biomarker of decision-making. In this study, we aimed to identify idiosyncratic decision-making profiles among healthy people and impulsive-compulsive spectrum patients during the IGT, and to investigate the role of frontoparietal network (FPN) rsFC as a possible biomarker of different decision-making patterns...
March 11, 2023: Addictive Behaviors
Md Rizwanul Karim, Md Jawadul Haque, Shahnaz Akhter, Helal Uddin Ahmed
There is mounting evidence that Facebook Addiction is associated with poor mental health, physical symptoms, social dysfunction, and despair among the adolescent and youth population. The current study set out to identify the prevalence of Facebook Addiction among Bangladeshi medical students as well as its influencing factors. This cross-sectional survey was conducted on 720 randomly selected medical students from eight public medical colleges from January to June 2022. Data were obtained using a semi- structured, self-reported questionnaire and analyzed using the SPSS v...
2023: PLOS Glob Public Health
Maria R D'Orsogna, Lucas Böttcher, Tom Chou
We examine trends in drug overdose deaths by race, gender, and geography in the United States during the period 2013-2020. Race and gender specific crude rates were extracted from the final National Vital Statistics System multiple cause-of-death mortality files for several jurisdictions and used to calculate the male-to-female ratios of crude rates between 2013 and 2020. We established 2013-2019 temporal trends for four major drug types: psychostimulants with addiction potential (T43.6, such as methamphetamines); heroin (T40...
2023: PLOS Glob Public Health
Yang Liu, Nannan Wu, Jie Yan, Junjie Yu, Liping Liao, Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction has emerged as a major global concern as a potential adverse impact of internet exposure on adolescents. Internet addiction is associated with many demographic variables; however, there is a lack of consensus on its relationship with health literacy. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the rates of internet addiction and health literacy level among middle school students (grades 7 to 12) in Chongqing, China, as well as to investigate the association between them...
2023: PloS One
Ismael Muela, José M Ventura-Lucena, Juan F Navas, José C Perales
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Negative/positive urgency (NU/PU) refers to the proneness to act rashly under negative/positive emotions. These traits are proxies to generalized emotion dysregulation, and are well-established predictors of gambling-related problems. We aimed to replicate a previous work (Quintero et al., 2020) showing NU to be related to faulty extinction of conditioned stimuli in an emotional conditioning task, to extend these findings to PU, and to clarify the role of urgency in the development of gambling-related craving and problems...
March 23, 2023: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Andrea Czakó, Orsolya Király, Patrik Koncz, Shu M Yu, Harshdeep S Mangat, Judith A Glynn, Pedro Romero, Mark D Griffiths, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Zsolt Demetrovics
The present paper provides an overview of the possible risks, harms, and challenges that might arise with the development of the esports field and pose a threat to professional esports players, spectators, bettors and videogame players, including underage players. These include physical and mental health issues, gambling and gambling-like elements associated with videogames and esports, the challenges arising from pursuing a career in esports, the unique difficulties women face, and a need for supporting professional esports players...
March 24, 2023: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Soohee Park, Jin-Yeong Yoo
Using the 10th Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey in 2020, we attempted to determine the relationship between smartphone addiction and depression in 25,987 high school students. The demographic characteristics of the subjects were reviewed frequently, and the correlation between smartphone dependence and depression were determined. The results show that it is difficult to track the time spent on smartphones to determine the level of depression (R = 0.143, P < .01), it is difficult concentrating on other tasks due to smartphones (R = 0...
March 24, 2023: Medicine (Baltimore)
Maryam Farooq, Muhammad Salman Bashir, Abida Arif, Muhammad Kashif, Nosheen Manzoor, Farwa Abid
BACKGROUND: Adolescent smartphone users have developed a variety of musculoskeletal conditions due to their use of smartphones. ELDOA (Elongation longitudinaux avec decoaption osteo-articulaire) is based on maximizing facial and spinal stretching by assuming specific posture for 1 minute and post facilitation stretching is also a type of muscle energy technique that is used for chronically shortened or tight muscles. This aimed to compare the effects of post-facilitation stretching technique and ELDOA on neck pain and functional disability in mobile users experiencing Text neck syndrome during COVID-19...
March 24, 2023: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kalpani Senevirathna, Roshan Pradeep, Yovanthi Anurangi Jayasinghe, Shalindu Malshan Jayawickrama, Rasika Illeperuma, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Ruwan Duminda Jayasinghe
Oral cancers (OC) are among the most frequent malignancies encountered in Southeast Asia, primarily due to the prevalent habit of betel quid (BQ) and smokeless tobacco use in this region. Areca nut (AN), the primary ingredient in BQ, contains several alkaloids, including arecoline, arecaidine, guvacoline, and guvacine. These have been associated with both the AN abuse liability and carcinogenicity. Additionally, variations in AN alkaloid levels could lead to differences in the addictiveness and carcinogenic potential across various AN-containing products...
February 21, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Kenneth Charles Hohmeier, Alina Cernasev, Christina Leibold, Todd M Moore, Erica Schlesinger, Gerald Cochran, Ileana Arce, Wesley Geminn, Marie Chisholm-Burns
Community pharmacists have become increasingly exposed to opioid use disorders in recent decades. However, both pharmacist training and traditional practice environments have not been adequate to prepare the pharmacist for both the patient care needs and regulatory barriers of patients experiencing opioid use disorders (OUD). As a result, there is a need to increase pharmacists' awareness of both the overall patient experience as they navigate their OUD and the role of the community pharmacy as a touchpoint within that experience...
March 14, 2023: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Brian A Moore, Sophie R Vincent, Michael A Schlenk, Corinne L McNamara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Military service members experience occupational-specific injuries that may result in chronic pain and comorbid behavioral health concerns. © 2023 The American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP). METHODS: Data from the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database was used to examine opioid use disorder (OUD) diagnoses between 2016 and 2021. Statistical analysis calculated incidence rates and diagnostic variability by demographic density...
March 24, 2023: American Journal on Addictions
Katelyn F Romm, Campbell Dopke, Olga Acosta Price, Alexandria Pannell, River Williams, Carla J Berg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Limited research has examined mechanisms, including parenting behaviors, contributing to tobacco use disparities among sexual minority young adults (SMYAs). © 2023 The American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP). METHODS: Participants were 644 young adult (ages 18-29; 36.5% racial/ethnic minority) women (N=416; 44.7% bisexual, 7.2% lesbian, 48.1% heterosexual) and men (N=288; 11.0% bisexual, 13.2% gay, 75.9% heterosexual). Bivariate analyses examined differences among sex-by-sexual identity subgroups in perceived parenting (psychological control, behavioral control, knowledge, autonomy support, warmth, communication), past 30-day cigarette, e-cigarette, and cigar use, and likelihood of future use...
March 23, 2023: American Journal on Addictions
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