Christopher W Kahler, Tim Janssen, Susan Gruber, Chanelle J Howe, M Barton Laws, Justin Walthers, Molly Magill, Nadine R Mastroleo, Peter M Monti
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relative importance of client change language subtypes as predictors of alcohol use following motivational interviewing (MI). METHOD: Participants were 164 heavy drinkers (57.3% female, M age = 28.5 years, 13.4% Hispanic/Latinx, 82.9% White) recruited during an emergency department visit who received MI for alcohol and human immunodeficiency virus/sexual risk in a randomized-controlled trial. MI sessions were coded with the motivational interviewing skill code (MISC) and the generalized behavioral intervention analysis system (GBIAS)...
November 28, 2022: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Katherine Walukevich-Dienst, Brian H Calhoun, Anne M Fairlie, Jennifer M Cadigan, Megan E Patrick, Christine M Lee
OBJECTIVE: Using substances to cope with social anxiety is robustly related to negative consequences. The present study uses daily-level methods to test whether days young adults used substances to cope with social anxiety were associated with greater alcohol and cannabis use and consequences compared to use days without this motive. METHOD: Participants were a community sample of young adults enrolled in a study on alcohol and cannabis use, which involved a baseline survey and five 2-week bursts of online daily surveys across 2 years...
November 28, 2022: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Cassandra L Boness, Kenneth J Sher
OBJECTIVE: Level of response (LOR) to alcohol is associated with several alcohol-related risk factors and outcomes. However, existing self-report measures of LOR have important limitations. For example, the Self-Rating of the Effects of Alcohol Scale assesses a limited range of alcohol-related effects. Although the Alcohol Sensitivity Questionnaire (ASQ) samples a broader range of effects, it uses different probes across effects, confounding type of effect with method variation associated with the use of different probes...
November 28, 2022: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Lindsey K Freeman, Alison M Haney, Sarah A Griffin, Megan N Fleming, Tayler J Vebares, Courtney A Motschman, Timothy J Trull
OBJECTIVE: This study compares three methods of cannabis and of alcohol use assessment in a sample of regular cannabis users: (a) ecological momentary assessment (EMA) repeated momentary surveys aggregated to the daily level, (b) EMA morning reports (MR) where participants reported on their total use from the previous day, and (c) retrospective timeline followback (TLFB) interviews covering the same period of time as the EMA portion of the study. We assessed the overall correspondence between these methods in terms of cannabis and alcohol use occasions and also investigated predictors of agreement between methods...
November 28, 2022: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Mark J Rzeszutek, Christopher T Franck, Haily K Traxler, Brent A Kaplan, Mikhail N Koffarnus
OBJECTIVE: Howard Rachlin wrote extensively on how value diminishes in a hyperbolic form, and he contributed to understanding choice processes between different commodities as a molar pattern of behavior. The field of behavioral economic demand has been dominated by exponential decay functions, indicating that decreases in consumption of a commodity are best fit by exponential functions. Because of the success of Rachlin's equation at describing how hyperbolic decay affects the value of a commodity across various factors (e...
November 28, 2022: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Emmanuelle Awad, Myriam El Khoury-Malhame, Ecem Yakin, Venise Hanna, Diana Malaeb, Souheil Hallit, Sahar Obeid
BACKGROUND: Desire thinking, impulsivity and suppression are psychological variables that are intricately related to behavioral addictions. Bearing in mind the scarcity of data on desire thinking, impulsivity, thought suppression and pathological social media use in developing countries such as Lebanon, with the existing literature suggesting a heightened mental health burden associated with this problematic social media use, it becomes all the more important to elucidate their relationship...
2022: PloS One
Sanghyun Lee, Soon-Beom Hong
Disruptions of the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical circuit has been implicated in both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and substance use disorder. Given the high prevalence of cannabis use among patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, we set out to investigate the relationship between the two in the thalamus. We analyzed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data obtained from the Addiction Connectome Preprocessed Initiative Multimodal Treatment Study of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder database...
2022: PloS One
Francis Vergunst, Helen L Berry, Kelton Minor, Nicholas Chadi
Climate change is undermining the mental and physical health of global populations, but the question of how it is affecting substance-use behaviors has not been systematically examined. In this narrative synthesis, we find that climate change could increase harmful substance use worldwide through at least five pathways: psychosocial stress arising from the destabilization of social, environmental, economic, and geopolitical support systems; increased rates of mental disorders; increased physical-health burden; incremental harmful changes to established behavior patterns; and worry about the dangers of unchecked climate change...
November 28, 2022: Perspectives on Psychological Science
Serkan Turan, Remzi Oğulcan Çıray, Mustafa Tunçtürk, Eren Halac, Berrin Bilgic, Nilay Ağaç, Çağatay Ermiş
In recent years, in addition to its clinical importance, interest in the social-cognitive aspect of internet gaming disorder (IGD) has increased. This study aimed to investigate autistic traits, executive functions, and self-regulation abilities of patients with IGD. Eighty-seven male patients with IGD and eighty-three male healthy controls (HC) were included in the study. All patients were diagnosed with IGD as per the diagnostic criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5. Healthy controls without any comorbid psychiatric diagnosis were recruited from the community...
November 28, 2022: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Jordi Remon, Lizza E L Hendriks, Giannis Mountzios, Rosario García-Campelo, Stephanie P L Saw, Dipesh Uprety, Gonzalo Recondo, Guillermo Villacampa, Martin Reck
Targeted therapies have revolutionized the treatment and improved the outcome for oncogene-driven NSCLC and an increasing number of oncogenic driver therapies have become available. For MET-dysregulated NSCLC (especially MET exon 14 skipping mutations and MET-amplifications, which is one of the most common bypass mechanisms of resistance in oncogene-addicted NSCLC), several anti-MET-targeted therapies have been approved recently (MET exon 14 skipping mutation) and multiple others are in development. In this narrative review, we summarize the role of MET as an oncogenic driver in NSCLC, discuss the different testing methods for exon 14 skipping mutations, gene amplification, and protein overexpression, and review the existing data and ongoing clinical trials regarding targeted therapies in MET-altered NSCLC...
October 29, 2022: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Satveer Kler, Benjamin F Shepherd, Roberto Renteria
Background : Researchers have documented associations between discrete conceptualizations of microaggressions (e.g., sexual identity, gender identity, and racial identity microaggressions) and alcohol use among sexual and gender minoritized people of color (SGM-POC). However, little is known about the association between intersectional microaggressions and alcohol use among SGM-POC. Moreover, protective factors such as community connectedness have been examined via similar discrete conceptualizations instead of examining SGM-POC community connectedness with other SGM-POC individuals...
November 28, 2022: Substance Use & Misuse
Carolyn J Straub, Lisa E Rusali, Kyle M Kremiller, Andrew P Riley
For decades, ibogaine─the main psychoactive alkaloid found in Tabernanthe iboga ─has been investigated as a possible treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs) due to its purported ability to interrupt the addictive properties of multiple drugs of abuse. Of the numerous pharmacological actions of ibogaine and its derivatives, the inhibition of α3β4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), represents a probable mechanism of action for their apparent anti-addictive activity. In this Perspective, we examine several classes of compounds that have been discovered and developed to target α3β4 nAChRs...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Qianying Wu, Qihuan Ren, Na Zhong, Juwang Bao, Yan Zhao, Jiang Du, Tianzhen Chen, Min Zhao
BACKGROUND: The outbreak of COVID-19 has affected the mental health of adolescents. To describe the Internet behavior-changing patterns of adolescents and to understand the impact of clinical features on changing patterns during the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional cohort study using data collected through online investigation in China. A total of 625 adolescents completed the online survey from May 15 to June 7, 2020. The adolescents were asked to retrospect to the Internet behaviors and game behaviors of three time periods as follows: before the COVID-19 outbreak in China, during the COVID-19 outbreak in China, and back to school...
2022: Frontiers in Psychiatry
M Moñino-García, M Ballesta, J M Huerta, J F Correa-Rodríguez, N Cabrera-Castro, N Llorens, M D Chirlaque-López
UNLABELLED: Gambling addiction is increasing and is becoming a public health concern due to the rise of gambling-related harms affecting the youth. Previous studies suggest a strong link between problem gambling (PG) and substance use and psychosocial and familial factors. Our main objective was to analyze the association between PG and factors like sport, leisure-time activities, and risk-taking behaviors in adolescents. A survey on substance use and addictive behaviors was performed in 2019 on a representative sample of 2240 subjects (14-18 years) from the Southern Spain Region...
November 18, 2022: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Jessica Atef Nassef Sefen, Jayaditya Devpal Patil, Helen Cooper
Co-ingestion of energy drinks and alcohol has long been in practice and has been poorly regulated despite a growing body of literature of their potential negative health impacts. Co-ingestion of energy drinks with alcohol has multiple counter-active effects such as reduction of body sway, fatigue and sedative effects induced by alcohol, along with increased subjective feeling of alertness, which may lead to increased binge-drinking, intoxication, decreased perception of intoxication, dehydration, and alcohol poisoning...
2022: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
G L Bolt, H Piercy, A Barnett, V Manning
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for low-cost, wide-reaching interventions to enhance accessibility of support for people with hazardous alcohol consumption. We assessed participant experiences of using a novel, personalised mHealth intervention offering approach bias modification (ApBM) for alcohol use in a community sample drinking at harmful levels to enable a deeper understanding of the end user and engagement. METHODS: Eighteen semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with adults in the community drinking at harmful/hazardous levels...
December 2022: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Eduardo Joaquim Lopes Alho, Juan Carlos Baldermann, Luis Eduardo Coutinho Castelo-Branco, William Omar Contreras Lopez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2022: Frontiers in Neurology
Thayane Ferreira da Costa Fernandes, Naiane Beatriz Ferreira, Rafaela Ramos Campagnoli, Fabio da Silva Gomes, Filipe Braga, Isabel Antunes David, Isabela Lobo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultra-processed food products (UPF) have been associated with numerous non-communicable diseases. Despite this, the addictive nature of UPF, and the aggressive marketing strategies used to promote them, has created a strong emotional connection between UPF and consumers, and supports their increasing UPF global consumption. In view of the emotional link that consumers often have with UPF, modulating emotional reactions to UPF (by using strategies such as textual warnings) is important in changing consumers' behavior...
2022: Frontiers in Nutrition
Gauravi Ashish Mishra, Sharmila A Pimple, Vasundhara Y Kulkarni, Subhadra D Gupta, Parishi V Mujmudar
BACKGROUND: Tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats, killing nearly seven million people annually. With implementation of smoke-free public places legislation, cabs in India are smoke free. However, large majority of cab drivers are addicted to tobacco. AIMS: The objectives were to measure cab drivers' knowledge, attitude, and practices about tobacco pre and post intervention, educate them regarding hazards of tobacco and need for smoke-free cabs, perform oral cancer screening, and provide assistance to quit tobacco...
2022: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Jaison Joseph, Abin Varghese, V R Vijay, Manju Dhandapani, Sandeep Grover, Suresh K Sharma, Meenu Singh, Sucheta Mann, Biji P Varkey
BACKGROUND: Problematic internet use (PIU) among school going adolescents constitutes a major area of concern. However, no comprehensive reports are available to determine the magnitude of the problem. This study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of PIU among school going adolescents in India. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta analysis of 15 studies conducted in various parts of India. RESULTS: The prevalence of moderate and severe PIU among Indian school going adolescents was 21...
2022: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
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