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https://read.qxmd.com/read/33485175/questioning-the-failure-of-neural-crest-cell-migration-theory-in-hirschsprung-s-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Ahmed Almumtin
INTRODUCTION: Segmental aganglionosis (the absence of ganglions) is a rare presentation of Hirschsprung's disease, whereby only limited segment/segments of aganglionic bowel is interposed between segments of innervated bowel, or "skip'' area of normal innervations is present within an area of aganglionosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We reported a case of a 3 day old male newborn who presented with failure to pass meconium along with progressive abdominal distension...
January 16, 2021: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33481357/premigratory-neural-crest-stem-cells-generate-enteric-neurons-populating-the-mouse-colon-and-regulating-peristalsis-in-tissue-engineered-intestine
#2
Huipu Yuan, Hui Hu, Rui Chen, Wenbo Mu, Liangliang Wang, Ying Li, Yuelei Chen, Xiaoyan Ding, Yongmei Xi, ShanShan Mao, Mizu Jiang, Jie Chen, Yong He, Lang Wang, Yi Dong, Jinfa Tou, Wei Chen
Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is a common congenital defect. It occurs when bowel colonization by neural crest-derived enteric nervous system (ENS) precursors is incomplete during the first trimester of pregnancy. Several sources of candidate cells have been previously studied for their capacity to regenerate the ENS, including enteric neural crest stem cells (En-NCSCs) derived from native intestine or those simulated from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs). However, it is not yet known whether the native NCSCs other than En-NCSCs would have the potential of regenerating functional enteric neurons and producing neuron dependent motility under the intestinal environment...
January 22, 2021: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33475771/a-review-of-adopted-colorectal-patients-a-parent-s-perspective
#3
Jen Hall, Julie Schletker, Laura Judd-Glossy, Tiffany Edmonds, Amy Krause, Hope Simmons, Jill Ketzer, Alberto Peña, Luis De la Torre, Andrea Bischoff
PURPOSE: After treating many adopted patients with congenital colorectal conditions, our goal was to understand if parents were properly counseled about their child's medical needs before adoption. METHODS: A comprehensive questionnaire was developed. Recruitment occurred by social media and colorectal database. RESULTS: 48 parents participated. Adopted children were primarily male (60%), internationally adopted (75%), and a median age of 2...
January 21, 2021: Pediatric Surgery International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33474713/timely-diagnosis-of-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-2b-by-identification-of-intestinal-ganglioneuromatosis-a-case-series
#4
Medard F M van den Broek, Ester B G Rijks, Peter G J Nikkels, Victorien M Wolters, Robert J J van Es, Hanneke M van Santen, Bernadette P M van Nesselrooij, Menno R Vriens, Rachel S van Leeuwaarde, Gerlof D Valk, Annemarie A Verrijn Stuart
BACKGROUND: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) in childhood is rare and has an unfavorable prognosis. To improve outcome, early diagnosis is essential. In patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B (MEN2B), MTC can occur already before the age of 1 year. Recognition of non-endocrine features of MEN2B may lead to timely diagnosis. PURPOSE: To describe how early recognition of non-endocrine features can lead to a timely diagnosis of MEN2B as well as the effect of recognition of premonitory symptoms on prognosis...
January 21, 2021: Endocrine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33470375/oblique-vs-circular-anastomosis-in-the-children-underwent-soave-s-pull-through-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-hirschsprung-s-disease-which-is-the-best
#5
Shahnam Askarpour, Mehran Peyvasteh, Gholamreza Droodchi, Hazhir Javaherizadeh
BACKGROUND: Oblique type of anastomosis. Several types of complications including constipation, fecal soiling, perianal excoriation, were reported among different types of surgery for Hirschsprung's disease. AIM: To compare circular and oblique anastomoses following Soave's procedure for the treatment of Hirschsprung's disease. METHODS: Children who underwent Saove's pull through procedure with oblique and circular anastomoses were included...
2021: Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery: ABCD
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33468134/correlation-analysis-of-il-11-polymorphisms-and-hirschsprung-disease-subtype-susceptibility-in-southern-chinese-children
#6
Hong Zhang, Jing-Lu Zhao, Yi Zheng, Xiao-Li Xie, Li-Hua Huang, Le Li, Yun Zhu, Li-Feng Lu, Tu-Qun Hu, Wei Zhong, Qiu-Ming He
BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a hereditary defect, which is characterized by the absence of enteric ganglia and is frequently concurrent with Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC). However, the pathogenesis for HSCR is complicated and remains unclear. Recent studies have shown that pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-11 (IL-11) are involved in the enteric nervous system's progress. It was found that IL-11 SNPs (rs8104023 and rs4252546) are associated with HSCR in the Korean population waiting for replication in an independent cohort...
January 19, 2021: BMC Medical Genomics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33466373/the-emerging-role-of-nerves-and-glia-in-colorectal-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Simone L Schonkeren, Meike S Thijssen, Nathalie Vaes, Werend Boesmans, Veerle Melotte
The role of the nervous system as a contributor in the tumor microenvironment has been recognized in different cancer types, including colorectal cancer (CRC). The gastrointestinal tract is a highly innervated organ system, which is not only innervated by the autonomic nervous system, but also contains an extensive nervous system of its own; the enteric nervous system (ENS). The ENS is important for gut function and homeostasis by regulating processes such as fluid absorption, blood flow, and gut motility. Dysfunction of the ENS has been linked with multiple gastrointestinal diseases, such as Hirschsprung disease and inflammatory bowel disease, and even with neurodegenerative disorders...
January 5, 2021: Cancers
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33465467/multiple-omics-analysis-reveals-the-role-of-prostaglandin-e2-in-hirschsprung-s-disease
#8
Weibing Tang, Minjian Chen, Xuejiang Guo, Kun Zhou, Zechao Wen, Fengli Liu, Xiang Liu, Xiaohua Mao, Xiaowei He, Weiyue Hu, Xian Sun, Junwei Tang, Hongxing Li, Richard Allen White, Wei Lv, Pin Wang, Bo Hang, Rongli Sun, Xinru Wang, Yankai Xia
The etiology and pathogenesis of Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) remain largely unknown. We examined colon tissues from three independent populations with a combined analysis of metabolomics, transcriptomics and proteomics to understand HSCR pathogenesis, according to which mouse model was used to examine prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) induced clinical presentation of HSCR. SH-SY5Y and SK-N-BE(2) cell lines were studied for PGE2 inhibited cell migration through EP2. Our integrated multiple 'omics'-analysis suggests that the levels of PGE2, the expression of the gene encoding PGE2 receptor (EP2), and PGE2 synthesis enzyme genes (PTGS1 and PTGES) increased in HSCR colon tissues, together with a decreased synthesis of PGE2-related byproducts...
January 16, 2021: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33460971/reducing-underdiagnosis-of-hirschsprung-associated-enterocolitis-a-novel-scoring-system
#9
Ruth A Lewit, Laura V Veras, Robert A Cowles, Kathryn Fowler, Sebastian King, Eveline Lapidus-Krol, Jacob C Langer, Christine J Park, Fouad Youssef, Sergey Vavilov, Ankush Gosain
BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung-Associated Enterocolitis (HAEC) is a life-threatening and difficult to diagnose complication of Hirschsprung Disease (HSCR). The goal of this study was to evaluate existing HAEC scoring systems and develop a new scoring system. METHODS: Retrospective, multi-institutional data collection was performed. For each patient, all encounters were analyzed. Data included demographics, symptomatology, laboratory and radiographic findings, and treatments received...
January 15, 2021: Journal of Surgical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33446868/diagnosing-hirschsprung-disease-by-detecting-intestinal-ganglion-cells-using-label-free-hyperspectral-microscopy
#10
Marcos A Soares de Oliveira, Laura Galganski, Sarah Stokes, Che -Wei Chang, Christopher D Pivetti, Bo Zhang, Karen E Matsukuma, Payam Saadai, James W Chan
Hirschsprung disease (HD) is a congenital disorder in the distal colon that is characterized by the absence of nerve ganglion cells in the diseased tissue. The primary treatment for HD is surgical intervention with resection of the aganglionic bowel. The accurate identification of the aganglionic segment depends on the histologic evaluation of multiple biopsies to determine the absence of ganglion cells in the tissue, which can be a time-consuming procedure. We investigate the feasibility of using a combination of label-free optical modalities, second harmonic generation (SHG); two-photon excitation autofluorescence (2PAF); and Raman spectroscopy (RS), to accurately locate and identify ganglion cells in murine intestinal tissue without the use of exogenous labels or dyes...
January 14, 2021: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33433679/ret-compound-inheritance-in-chinese-patients-with-hirschsprung-disease-lack-of-penetrance-from-insufficient-gene-dysfunction
#11
Qian Jiang, Yang Wang, Yang Gao, Hui Wang, Zhen Zhang, Qi Li, Shuhua Xu, Wei Cai, Long Li
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a neurocristopathy characterized by the absence of enteric ganglia along variable lengths of the intestine. Genetic defects play a major role in HSCR pathogenesis with nearly 50% of patients having a structural or regulatory deficiency in the major susceptibility gene RET. However, complete molecular defects remain poorly characterized in most patients. Here, we performed detailed genetic, molecular, and populational investigations of rare null mutations and modifiers at the RET locus...
January 12, 2021: Human Genetics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33433662/current-practice-of-rectal-biopsies-for-the-diagnosis-of-hirschsprung-s-disease-in-latin-america-an-international-online-survey
#12
Maricarmen Olivos, Catalina Correa, Luis De la Torre
PURPOSE: The gold standard for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is a rectal biopsy. The sample may be obtained using a transanal excisional biopsy (TEB) or suction technique. Rectal suction biopsy (RSB) is not a standard procedure in Latin-America. AIM: To evaluate the current practice in rectal biopsy for HD among pediatric surgeons. METHODS: We distributed an online questionnaire among Latin-American pediatric surgeons. RESULTS: One hundred forty-nine pediatric surgeons from 15 countries completed the anonymous survey (71...
January 12, 2021: Pediatric Surgery International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33423102/analysis-of-patients-and-caregivers-psychosocial-functioning-in-colorectal-conditions-comparison-of-diagnosis-gender-and-developmental-functioning
#13
Laura Judd-Glossy, Merlin Ariefdjohan, Jill Ketzer, Stefanie Curry, Julie Schletker, Tiffany Edmonds, Amy Krause, Hope Simmons, Alberto Pena, Luis De La Torre, Andrea Bischoff
PURPOSE: To evaluate the psychosocial functioning of caregivers and patients with anorectal malformation (ARM), Hirschsprung disease (HD), spinal conditions, and idiopathic constipation (IC) during the beginning of participation in bowel management program (BMP). METHODS: In this retrospective study, Parent Stress Scale (PSS, parent-report) and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ, parent-proxy; SDQ-S, self-report for 11 years and older) were used to evaluate parental stress levels and behavioral functioning, respectively...
January 9, 2021: Pediatric Surgery International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33422904/impact-of-botulinum-toxin-on-hirschsprung-associated-enterocolitis-after-primary-pull-through
#14
Rebecca M Rentea, Janelle R Noel-MacDonnell, Brian T Bucher, Michael R Dorman, Timothy B Lautz, Liese C C Pruitt, Tolulope A Oyetunji
BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is a serious potential complication after primary pull-through surgery for Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR). Administration of anal botulinum toxin (BT) injection may improve obstructive symptoms at the internal anal sphincter, leading to improved fecal passage. The timing of administration and effects on delay or prevention of HAEC are unknown. We hypothesized that BT administration increased the postoperative time to HAEC and aimed to investigate whether anal BT administration after primary pull-through surgery for HSCR is associated with increased time to inpatient HAEC admission development...
January 7, 2021: Journal of Surgical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33421311/phenotypic-spectrum-associated-with-pathogenic-mutation-in-the-nrg1-gene-in-acadian-family
#15
Liane Bourcier, Nicolas Crapoulet, Rodney J Ouellette, Mathieu Mallet, Mouna Ben Amor
NRG1 is a gene that encodes for a protein that binds to a receptor of the tyrosine kinase family which is essential for the survival of the central nervous system development during embryogenesis. Mutation of the NRG1 gene causes aganglionosis, which leads to Hirschsprung disease. Two brothers of Acadian descent presented with a history of Hirschsprung disease, in association with other anomalies including congenital heart disease, learning difficulties, developmental issues, and hypopigmented hair patch. Molecular analysis in both siblings revealed a heterozygous pathogenic mutation in the NGR1 gene (c...
January 9, 2021: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33419966/a-novel-sox10-variant-in-a-japanese-girl-with-waardenburg-syndrome-type-4c-and-kallmann-syndrome
#16
Junpei Hamada, Fumihiro Ochi, Yuka Sei, Koji Takemoto, Hiroki Hirai, Misa Honda, Hironori Shibata, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Mariko Eguchi
We report the first case of Waardenburg syndrome type 4C and Kallmann syndrome in the same person. The patient, a Japanese girl, presented with bilateral iris depigmentation, bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, Hirschsprung disease, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and anosmia. We identified a novel SOX10 variant, c.124delC, p.Leu42Cysfs*67.
September 28, 2020: Human Genome Variation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33417724/reevaluation-of-concurrent-ache-and-he-staining-for-hirschsprung-s-disease
#17
Koichiro Yoshimaru, Toshiharu Matsuura, Yusuke Yanagi, Satoshi Obata, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Keisuke Kajihara, Atsuko Ohmori, Keiko Irie, Yuko Hino, Yuichi Shibui, Akihiko Tamaki, Kenichi Kohashi, Yoshinao Oda, Tomoaki Taguchi
BACKGROUND: Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) histochemistry has been widely performed for the histopathological diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease (HD). However, we occasionally come across diagnostic difficulties. We conducted concurrent AChE histochemistry and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining to validate the ancillary value of this technique. METHODS: Of 177 patients diagnosed using AChE histochemistry from January 2014 to December 2016, 90 patients underwent formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded HE staining...
January 8, 2021: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33416267/rectal-biopsy-technique-for-the-diagnosis-of-hirschsprung-disease-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Giovana Tuccille Comes, Erika Veruska Paiva Ortolan, Maressa Maria de Medeiros Moreira, Wilson Elias de Oliveira Junior, Marcos Curcio Angelini, Regina El Dib, Pedro Luiz Toledo de Arruda Lourenção
The diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease (HD) depends on the histopathological analysis of rectal biopsies. This review aims to define the best rectal biopsy technique. A systematic literature review and proportional meta-analysis of the available case series studies of rectal biopsies were performed in this study. All case series with more than five rectal biopsies in children younger than 18 years of age suspected of HD that described at least one type of rectal biopsy were included. The studies that did not specify the rate of conclusive results and the rate of complications of the biopsy procedures were excluded...
January 6, 2021: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33400017/correction-to-hirschsprung-disease-and-other-gastrointestinal-motility-disorders-in-patients-with-cchs
#19
Keshawadhana Balakrishnan, Iris A Perez, Thomas G Keens, Anita Sicolo, Jaya Punati, Tanaz Danialifar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2021: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33396231/neuron-glia-interaction-in-the-developing-and-adult-enteric-nervous-system
#20
REVIEW
Verena Pawolski, Mirko H H Schmidt
The enteric nervous system (ENS) constitutes the largest part of the peripheral nervous system. In recent years, ENS development and its neurogenetic capacity in homeostasis and allostasishave gained increasing attention. Developmentally, the neural precursors of the ENS are mainly derived from vagal and sacral neural crest cell portions. Furthermore, Schwann cell precursors, as well as endodermal pancreatic progenitors, participate in ENS formation. Neural precursorsenherite three subpopulations: a bipotent neuron-glia, a neuronal-fated and a glial-fated subpopulation...
December 31, 2020: Cells
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