Erin Kang, Ayla Gioia, Cara E Pugliese, Nadia Y Islam, Frances de L Martinez-Pedraza, Rebecca M Girard, Bryce D McLeod, Alice S Carter, Matthew D Lerner
Although the alliance is a consistent predictor of treatment outcomes in psychosocial interventions, few studies have examined this association among youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In particular, youth-therapist alliance has never been examined in social skills interventions (SSIs), a common modality for this population. In this study, thirty-four youth with ASD (Mage = 12.41; 79% male) participated in a community-delivered, group-based SSI in a summer camp format led by eight Head Therapists (Mage = 32...
March 2021: Behavior Therapy
Samuel Tromans, Asit Biswas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2021: British Journal of Psychiatry
Yasuhiko Kato, Hitoshi Kuwabara, Takashi Okada, Toshio Munesue, Seico Benner, Miho Kuroda, Masaki Kojima, Walid Yassin, Yosuke Eriguchi, Yosuke Kameno, Chihiro Murayama, Tomoko Nishimura, Kenji Tsuchiya, Kiyoto Kasai, Norio Ozaki, Hirotaka Kosaka, Hidenori Yamasue
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin is expected as a novel therapeutic agent for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) core symptoms. However, previous results on the efficacy of repeated administrations of oxytocin are controversial. Recently, we reported time-course changes in the efficacy of the neuropeptide underlying the controversial effects of repeated administration; however, the underlying mechanisms remained unknown. METHODS: The current study explored metabolites representing the molecular mechanisms of oxytocin's efficacy using high-throughput metabolomics analysis on plasma collected before and after 6-week repeated intranasal administration of oxytocin (48 IU/day) or placebo in adult males with ASD (N = 106) who participated in a multi-center, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized controlled trial...
February 23, 2021: Molecular Autism
Chunmei Jin, Yeunkum Lee, Hyojin Kang, Kwon Jeong, Joori Park, Yinhua Zhang, Hyae Rim Kang, Ruiying Ma, Hyunyoung Seong, Yoonhee Kim, Hosung Jung, Jin Young Kim, Yoon Ki Kim, Kihoon Han
The SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 3 (Shank3) protein is a core organizer of the macromolecular complex in excitatory postsynapses, and its defects cause numerous synaptopathies, including autism spectrum disorders. Although the function of Shank3 as a postsynaptic scaffold is adequately established, other potential mechanisms through which Shank3 broadly modulates the postsynaptic proteome remain relatively unexplored. In our previous quantitative proteomic analysis, six up-regulated ribosomal proteins were identified in the striatal synaptosome of Shank3-overexpressing transgenic (TG) mice...
February 23, 2021: Molecular Brain
H Eisfeld, A M Glimm, G R Burmester, S Ohrndorf, M Backhaus
Objective : Pregnancy may influence the course of inflammatory rheumatic diseases and, conversely, rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) can affect the outcome of pregnancy. This study aimed to retrospectively analyse the outcome of pregnancy and disease in women with RMDs. Method : Subjects were patients with high-risk pregnancy and connective tissue diseases (CTDs) or inflammatory joint diseases (IJDs) managed at a specialized rheumatology outpatient clinic from 2007 to 2014. Data from conception to 6 months postpartum were collected from medical records and a questionnaire, and analysed regarding clinical symptoms, medications, pregnancy complications, birth outcomes, and infant development...
February 24, 2021: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Greta Mazzaggio, Francesca Foppolo, Remo Job, Luca Surian
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found that people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) perform well on pragmatic inference tests that require the use of the linguistic scale <some, all>. The present study extends previous research by testing two types of implicature: scalar implicatures, based on lexical scales, and ad-hoc implicatures, based on contextual scales. METHODS: We tested 26 children with ASD aged 4-10 years (mean age 7.1) and 26 typically developing (TD) children - matched on chronological age and with a similar performance in non-verbal IQ and vocabulary - by means of a picture selection task for scalar and ad-hoc implicatures...
February 13, 2021: Journal of Communication Disorders
Iman Al-Saleh, Rola Elkhatib, Nujud Alrushud, Hissah Alnuwaysir, Maha Alnemer, Hesham Aldhalaan, Mohamed Shoukri, Patricia McWalter, Abdullah Alkhenizan
Phthalates are the most ubiquitous contaminants that we are exposed to daily due to their wide use as plasticizers in various consumer products. A few studies have suggested that in utero exposure to phthalates can disturb fetal growth and development in humans, because phthalates can interfere with endocrine function. We collected spot urine samples from 291 pregnant women in their first trimester (9.8 ± 2.3 gestational weeks) recruited in an ongoing prospective cohort study in Saudi Arabia. A second urine sample was collected within 1-7 d after enrollment...
February 20, 2021: Environmental Research
Susann Arnell, Kajsa Jerlinder, Susanna Geidne, Lars-Olov Lundqvist
PURPOSE: Various stakeholders contribute to the development of healthy physical activity habits in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Parents and stakeholders seek collaborative actions but little is still known about such efforts. The purpose of this study was thus to explore how professionals from different services experience stakeholder collaboration when promoting participation in physical activity for these adolescents. METHOD: Five focus group discussions were held with 17 professionals from education, health care, community, and sports organizations, engaged in the promotion of physical activity in adolescents with ASD...
February 23, 2021: Disability and Rehabilitation
Marissa E Yingling, Matthew H Ruther, Erick M Dubuque, Bethany A Bell
To examine the relationship between geographic access to Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBAs) among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and county sociodemographic factors and state policy, we integrated publicly available data from the U.S. Department of Education's Civil Rights Data Collection, Behavior Analyst Certification Board's certificant registry, and U.S. Census. The study sample included U.S. counties and county equivalents (e.g., parishes, independent cities) in 49 states and D.C. (N = 3040)...
February 23, 2021: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Anita Slomski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2021: JAMA
Jihane Homman-Ludiye, James A Bourne
Rodent models, particularly mice, have dominated the field of developmental neuroscience for decades, like they have in most fields of biomedicine research. However, with 80 million years since rodents and primates last shared a common ancestor, the use of mice to model the development of the human brain is not without many shortcomings. The human brain diverges from the mouse brain in many aspects and is comprised of novel structures as well as diversified cellular subtypes. While these newly evolved features have no equivalent in rodents, they are observed in nonhuman primates...
February 23, 2021: ILAR Journal
Idit Maya, Sarit Kahana, Ifaat Agmon-Fishman, Cochava Klein, Reut Matar, Racheli Berger, Sagi Ben Yehoshua Josefsberg, Mordechai Shohat, Daphna Marom, Lina Basel-Salmon, Lena Sagi-Dain
Diagnosis of rare copy number variants (CNVs) with scarce literature evidence poses a major challenge for interpretation of the clinical significance of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) results, especially in the prenatal setting. Bioinformatic tools can be used to assist in this issue; however, this prediction can be imprecise. Our objective was to describe the phenotype of the rare copy number losses encompassing the 8q24.13-q24.3 locus, and to find common features in terms of genomic coordinates, gene content, and clinical phenotypic characteristics...
February 22, 2021: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Theresa Brunet, Robert Jech, Melanie Brugger, Reka Kovacs, Bader Alhaddad, Gloria Leszinski, Korbinian M Riedhammer, Dominik S Westphal, Isabella Mahle, Katharina Mayerhanser, Matej Skorvanek, Sandrina Weber, Elisabeth Graf, Riccardo Berutti, Ján Necpál, Petra Havránková, Petra Pavelekova, Maja Hempel, Urania Kotzaeridou, Georg F Hoffmann, Steffen Leiz, Christine Makowski, Timo Roser, Sebastian A Schroeder, Robert Steinfeld, Gertrud Strobl-Wildemann, Julia Hoefele, Ingo Borggraefe, Felix Distelmaier, Tim M Strom, Juliane Winkelmann, Thomas Meitinger, Michael Zech, Matias Wagner
Up to 40% of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) such as intellectual disability, developmental delay, autism spectrum disorder, and developmental motor abnormalities have a documented underlying monogenic defect, primarily due to de novo variants. Still, the overall burden of de novo variants as well as novel disease genes in NDDs await discovery. We performed parent-offspring trio exome sequencing in 231 individuals with NDDs. Phenotypes were compiled using HPO terms. The overall diagnostic yield was 49.8% (n=115/231) with de novo variants contributing to more than 80% (n=93/115) of all solved cases...
February 22, 2021: Clinical Genetics
L Mekkawy
Background: Neurofeedback (NFB) has been conceded as a convenient measure for both identifying and remodeling neural pliability of brain cells; it is a mean through which participants can have voluntary control on their brain waves being expressed on the EEG. Forty-two autistic children received a NFB therapy aiming at improving their cognitive abilities. Results: NFB succeeded to decrease children's high theta/beta ratio by inhibiting theta activity and intensifying beta activity over different sessions...
2021: Bulletin of the National Research Centre
Catherine D Tan
How does belief in controversial ideas persist? I study a community of parents and practitioners who contend that autism spectrum disorder is caused by harmful environmental exposures - notably, early childhood vaccinations - and that there are worthwhile alternative or experimental treatments. Despite objections from dominant experts, these actors maintain their disputed ideas. This study identifies a set of strategies that help maintain internal legitimacy. In particular, actors protect internal legitimacy through professional alignment and contrastive boundary work...
February 23, 2021: Social Studies of Science
Alexander C Wilson
Autistic people are thought to have difficulty with mentalising (our drive to track and understand the minds of other people). Mentalising is often measured by the Frith -Happé Animations task, where individuals need to interpret the interactions of abstract shapes. This review article collated results from over 3000 people to assess how autistic people performed on the task. Analysis showed that autistic people tended to underperform compared to non-autistic people on the task, although the scale of the difference was moderate rather than large...
February 23, 2021: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Donato Liloia, Lorenzo Mancuso, Lucina Q Uddin, Tommaso Costa, Andrea Nani, Roberto Keller, Jordi Manuello, Sergio Duca, Franco Cauda
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by atypical brain anatomy and connectivity. Graph-theoretical methods have mainly been applied to detect altered patterns of white matter tracts and functional brain activation in individuals with ASD. The network topology of gray matter (GM) abnormalities in ASD remains relatively unexplored. METHODS: An innovative meta-connectomic analysis on voxel-based morphometry data (45 experiments, 1,786 subjects with ASD) was performed in order to investigate whether GM variations can develop in a distinct pattern of co-alteration across the brain...
February 12, 2021: NeuroImage: Clinical
P Navalón, J Merchan-Naranjo, F Ghosn, B Almansa, C Chafer-Pericas, J Gonzalez-Peñas, E Rodriguez-Toscano, S Zeballos, M Arriaga, P Castro Castro, D Blanco Bravo, M Vento, L Pina-Camacho, A García-Blanco
BACKGROUND: such as Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), or Intellectual Disability (ID), are prevalent childhood-onset complications in very preterm newborns-VPTN (<32 weeks of gestational age-EG) and more so in extremely preterm newborns-EPTN (<28 weeks EG). There are few studies exploring the pathophysiological pathways that may condition differentially the emergence/course of neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) in very preterm and extremely preterm newborns (VPTN/EPTN)...
February 19, 2021: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Angela Hassiotis, Peter E Langdon, Ken Courtenay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2021: Lancet Psychiatry
Shelley E Chapin, David McNaughton, Janice Light, Ashley McCoy, Jessica Caron, David L Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2021: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
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