Gergely Balazs, Ivett Pecsi, Csilla Feher, Nora Katona, Tunde Kotorman, Balazs Kovacs-Paszthy, Mariann Marki, Istvan Pataki, Magdolna Riszter, Timea Rozsa, Gusztav Belteki, Tamas Kovacs, Gyorgy Balla, Andras Balajthy
BACKGROUND: Various flexible and semi-rigid catheter techniques have been reported for surfactant delivery during less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) in preterm infants. Data on the effect of catheter selection on procedural success rates and adverse events are limited. Our objective was to compare the rates of success and adverse events of LISA performed with nasogastric tube and semi-rigid catheter. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of data from a quality improvement project...
May 8, 2023: Minerva pediatrics
B Ciacchini, G Di Nardo, M Marin, E Borali, M Caraccia, R Mogni, F Cairello, I Rabbone, G B Ferrero, A Pini Prato, E Felici
BACKGROUND: cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome is a rare genetic disorder affecting less than 900 people in the world. It is mainly characterized by craniofacial, dermatologic and cardiac defects, but also gastroenterological symptoms may be present, ranging from feeding difficulties to gastroesophageal reflux and constipation.In this report we describe a case of this syndrome characterized by severe feeding and growth difficulties, with a particular focus on the management of gastroenterological complications...
2023: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Cecilia Rosso, Federica Turati, Alberto Maria Saibene, Elvira Verduci, Emanuela Fuccillo, Maria Chiara Tavilla, Mauro Magnani, Giuseppe Banderali, Monica Ferraroni, Eugenio De Corso, Giovanni Felisati, Carlotta Pipolo
BACKGROUND: Nasal cytology at birth and in the pediatric age is barely investigated regarding its association with the onset of common pediatric diseases. METHODS: We enrolled 241 newborns within their first 24 h of life, studying their nasal cellular composition and repeating this at 1 and 3 years of life. We collected anamneses of perinatal factors and external factors (parental smoking, passive smoking, breastfeeding), and the prevalence of otitis, rhinosinusitis, bronchitis, asthma, and allergy at all timepoints...
April 19, 2023: Journal of Personalized Medicine
Naveen Parkash Gupta, Zia S Ahmad, Rekha Mittal, Shyam Kukreja, Chetnanand Jha, Kapil Raheja
BACKGROUND: Optimal route of tube feeding in preterm babies is not known. OBJECTIVES: To compare the frequency of bradycardia and desaturation episodes/hours in hemodynamically stable preterm neo-nates (≤32 wk gestational age) fed by nasogastric vs orogastric route. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Hemodynamically stable preterm neonates (≤32 wk gestational age) requiring tube feeding...
April 20, 2023: Indian Pediatrics
Esau Ogei, Jackson Kakooza, Catherine R Lewis
The management of the esophageal strictures that may result from caustic ingestion has evolved over time, from surgical to endoscopic management. Dilation with nasogastric tubes may be a valuable alternative in places with limited resources.
April 2023: Clinical Case Reports
Anna Fetta, Elisa Crotti, Elena Campostrini, Luca Bergonzini, Carlo Alberto Cesaroni, Francesca Conti, Veronica Di Pisa, Valentina Gentile, Maria Cristina Mondardini, Cesare Vezzoli, Lucio Giordano, Duccio Maria Cordelli
Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES) is a prolonged refractory status epilepticus (SE) that develops among healthy individuals after a febrile infection. FIRES treatment is challenging due to its poor response to antiseizure medications (ASMs) and anesthetic drugs. The use of cannabidiol (CBD) as an adjunctive treatment has been suggested, albeit data about its role in the acute phase is lacking. This report describes the use of purified CBD in the acute phase of two pediatric cases of FIRES and their long-term outcome...
April 12, 2023: Epilepsia Open
Katherine M Tang, Patricia Hametz, William Southern
INTRODUCTION: Both respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza-associated lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) cause serious respiratory infections in infants and toddlers. We aimed to assess the frequency of complex hospital courses among patients admitted with influenza versus RSV LRTI. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on admissions of children <2 years who were admitted for LRTI and tested positive for influenza or RSV from 2016 to 2019...
June 2023: Pediatric Pulmonology
Wilhermine Jean Baptiste, Michelucia Casseus, Alka Dev, Patrice Joseph, Peter F Wright
During a 2-year period, eight cases of a distinct illness were seen among 1,424 neonates admitted to a newly established neonatal care unit in southern Haiti. The newborns presented with a picture of sepsis with shock, vomiting, hypotonia, lethargy, and abdominal distention. Five cases proved fatal and another case left the hospital against advice in extremis with little chance of survival. In each case, the illness was associated with a history of ingestion of teas that included castor oil, known as lok in Haitian Creole...
2023: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Ali Ceylan, Burak Mergen, Fahri Onur Aydin, Emre Avci, Yusuf Yildirim
PURPOSE: Evaluation of the results of sutureless amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) using a pediatric nasogastric tube (NGT) for patients with acute Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) was aimed. METHODS: Twenty-six eyes of 13 patients with SJS/TEN with ocular involvement at a single tertiary care hospital between May 2020 and January 2022 were included in the study. An amniotic membrane was implanted to the ocular surface and conjunctival fornix using a modified symblepharon ring (MR) created by inserting NGT end-to-end...
March 21, 2023: Eye & Contact Lens
Mingzhu Liu, Mingxiang Zhang, Xiang Ren, Chen Liu, Huaijing Yu, Xiao-Liang Xu, Guo-Jian Ding, Tingliang Fu, Lei Geng, Fengchun Cheng
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is a life-threatening complication. Improvement of the anastomosis technique is needed, especially in patients with an inflamed edematous intestine. The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of an asymmetric figure-of-eight single-layer suture technique for intestinal anastomosis in pediatric patients. METHODS: A total of 23 patients underwent intestinal anastomosis at the Department of Pediatric Surgery of Binzhou Medical University Hospital...
2023: Frontiers in Surgery
Eva Sorensen, Connie Yu, Shu-Ling Chuang, Paola Midrio, Leopoldo Martinez, Mathew Nash, Ingo Jester, Amulya K Saxena
BACKGROUND: The aim of this multicenter retrospective study and literature review was to review management and outcomes of neonatal esophageal perforation (NEP). METHODS: Protocol data were collected from four European Centers on gestational age, factors surrounding feeding tube insertion, management and outcomes. RESULTS: The 5-year study period (2014-2018) identified eight neonates with median gestational age of 26 + 4 weeks (23 + 4-39) and median birth weight 636 g (511-3500)...
January 26, 2023: Children
Piotr Socha, Carsten Posovszky, Monika Szychta, Federica Viscogliosi, Luigi Martemucci, Urszula Grzybowska-Chlebowczyk, Valerie Perrot, Anne Kornowski, Marc A Benninga
OBJECTIVES: Many protocols and preparations are used for bowel cleansing before paediatric colonoscopy but few are based on scientific evidence. We evaluated efficacy, safety, tolerability, and patient preference of Oral Sulphate Solution (OSS) at 75% of the adult dose versus polyethylene glycol (PEG)-electrolyte solution in adolescents presenting for diagnostic colonoscopy. METHODS: Phase III, randomised, evaluator-blinded, non-inferiority study of OSS and PEG in adolescents aged 12-17 years...
February 24, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Shally Sharma, Aditi Sinha, Rohan Malik, Arvind Bagga
Guidelines recommend initiating supplemental enteral feeding through a nasogastric (NG) or gastrostomy tube (G-tube) in patients with chronic kidney disease who have inadequate oral intake despite repeated nutritional counseling. While G-tube placement is shown to improve both nutritional status and anthropometric indices of children with CKD in developed regions, information from developing countries is lacking. This retrospective report reviewed the impact of G-tube feeding on nutritional intakes and anthropometric parameters over a 1-y follow-up in 5 children with CKD-5D managed at one tertiary care center in India...
February 17, 2023: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Hetal Rajnikant Gohil, Timothy Mwai Jumbi, David Kihiko Kuria, Francis Osawa
PURPOSE: To assess the neonatal referral and transport system for gastroschisis patients referred to a tertiary level hospital in Kenya. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study carried out at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) which recruited patients with gastroschisis using consecutive sampling approach. Data were collected on pre-, intra-transit factors, time and distance covered. Assessment was done using pre and intra transit factors as per the standard transport protocols in literature...
February 16, 2023: Pediatric Surgery International
Francesca Burlo, Davide Zanon, Eva Passone, Maristella Toniutti, Giuliano Ponis, Egidio Barbi, Valentina Taucar, Lucia De Zen
BACKGROUND: Children with medical complexity need complex assistance, that considerably affects caregivers' quality of life. They often need multiple medications, with a consequent relevant risk of errors or poor compliance. Galenic (or compounded) drugs are blended in the pharmacy's laboratory worldwide according to different rules and tailoring the patient's needs. While their use may sometimes simplify these therapies, little is known about parents' attitude about this issue. AIM: This study aimed at investigating the complexity of the daily therapy management and exploring the parents' opinions about galenic compounds...
March 2023: Palliative Medicine
Martina Girardi, Chiara Assalone, Evelina Maines, Aldo Genovese, Aldo Naselli, Laura Nai Fovino, Massimo Soffiati, Roberto Franceschi
BACKGROUND: Since the beginning of COVID-19 pandemic, an increase in new diagnoses and pediatric hospital admission for anorexia nervosa (AN) or atypical AN in adolescents have been reported, suggesting an adverse effect of COVID-19 on youth mental health. We hypothesized possible differences in prevalence of hospitalization and/or disease severity, related to socio-economic status and/or ethnicity. METHODS: Retrospectively, patients were divided into two subgroups and compared according to the date of first hospital admission: "pre SARS-COV2 era" group (n...
October 14, 2022: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
Tiene Bauters, Franky Buyle, Petra Schelstraete, Catharina Dhooge
Pediatric oncology and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients are facing many gastrointestinal side effects of chemotherapy, including nausea, vomiting, mucositis, and diarrhea. International guidelines advise early enteral tube feeding as the first option of nutritional support in children undergoing myeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. When using enteral feeding tubes for nutritional purposes as well as drug administration, some pharmaceutical, nursing, and technical issues have to be taken into account...
December 26, 2022: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Martina Frech-Dörfler, Sabrina Durand, Friederike Prüfer, Stefan Holland-Cunz, Christoph Rudin
BACKGROUND: Prenatal hydronephrosis is common and may vary in size. Although mostly unproblematic, it may be a sign of urinary tract obstruction of differing severity. CASE DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: We present a boy with prenatally detected bilateral giant hydronephrosis. A prenatal ultrasound showed the whole abdominal cavity of the fetus filled with urine. Kidney parenchyma could not be seen. The boy was born at 34 + 1 weeks' gestation. After delivery, he showed a severely distended abdomen...
December 2, 2022: Children
Ana Serrano-Llop, Laura De-Rooy, Donovan Duffy, Anay Kulkarni, Sandeep Shetty
AIM: To determine if skin-to-skin contact (SSC) improved respiratory parameters in premature infants with evolving or established bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) on non-invasive neutrally adjusted ventilator assist (NIV-NAVA). METHODS: Premature infants (<32 weeks gestational age) with BPD on NIV-NAVA were studied. Continuous readings from the Edi catheter (modified nasogastric feeding tube inserted for NAVA ventilation) were compared: pre-SSC (baby in incubator) and end-SSC (just before end of SSC)...
December 21, 2022: Acta Paediatrica
Alyssa M Lombardo, Mohan S Gundeti
As robotic-assisted (RAL) surgery expanded to treat pediatric congenital disease, infant anatomy and physiology posed unique challenges that prompted adaptations to the technology and surgical technique, which are compiled and reviewed in this manuscript. From the beginning, collaboration with anesthesia is critical for a safe, efficient case including placement of an endotracheal tube rather than a laryngeal mask (LMA) and placement of a nasogastric tube and/or rectal tube to relieve distended stomach or bowel, respectively...
December 15, 2022: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
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