Lauren K White, Sara L Kornfield, Megan M Himes, Markolline Forkpa, Rebecca Waller, Wanjikũ F M Njoroge, Ran Barzilay, Barbara H Chaiyachati, Heather H Burris, Andrea F Duncan, Jakob Seidlitz, Julia Parish-Morris, Michal A Elovitz, Raquel E Gur
Social support is an influential component of postpartum recovery, adjustment, and bonding, which was disrupted by social distancing recommendations related to the COVID-19 pandemic. This study reports on changes in the availability of social support for postpartum women during the pandemic, investigates how those changes may have contributed to postpartum mental health, and probes how specific types of social support buffered against poor postpartum mental health and maternal-infant bonding impairment. Participants were 833 pregnant patients receiving prenatal care in an urban USA setting and using an electronic patient portal to access self-report surveys at two time points, during pregnancy (April-July 2020) and at ~12 weeks postpartum (August 2020-March 2021)...
June 3, 2023: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Mirko Zoncapè, Michele Carlin, Manuele Bicego, Andrea Simonetti, Vittoria Ceruti, Anna Mantovani, Francesco Inglese, Giulia Zamboni, Andrea Sartorio, Pietro Minuz, Simone Romano, Ernesto Crisafulli, David Sacerdoti, Cristiano Fava, Andrea Dalbeni
Patients with COVID-19 and metabolic-dysfunction associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) appear to be at higher risk for severe manifestations, especially in the youngest decades. Our aim was to examine whether patients with MAFLD and/or with increased liver fibrosis scores (FIB-4) are at risk for severe COVID-19 illness, using a machine learning (ML) model. Six hundred and seventy two patients were enrolled for SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia between February 2020 and May 2021. Steatosis was detected by ultrasound or computed tomography (CT)...
June 3, 2023: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Kanako Bokuda, Atsuhiro Ichihara
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder in pregnancy characterized by placental malperfusion and subsequent multi-organ injury. It accounts for approximately 14% of maternal deaths and 10-25% of perinatal deaths globally. In addition, preeclampsia has been attracting attentions for its association with risks for developing chronic diseases in later life for both mother and child. This mini-review discusses on latest knowledge on prediction, prevention, management, and long-term outcomes of preeclampsia and also touches on association between COVID-19 and preeclampsia...
June 2, 2023: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Giovanni Guaraldi, Jovana Milic, Sara Barbieri, Tommaso Marchiò, Agnese Caselgrandi, Federico Motta, Bianca Beghè, Alessia Verduri, Michela Belli, Licia Gozzi, Vittorio Iadisernia, Matteo Faltoni, Giulia Burastero, Andrea Dessilani, Martina Del Monte, Giovanni Dolci, Erica Bacca, Giacomo Franceschi, Dina Yaacoub, Sara Volpi, Alice Mazzochi, Enrico Clini, Cristina Mussini
The objective of this study was to characterize frailty and resilience in people evaluated for Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome (PACS), in relation to quality of life (QoL) and Intrinsic Capacity (IC). This cross-sectional, observational, study included consecutive people previously hospitalized for severe COVID-19 pneumonia attending Modena (Italy) PACS Clinic from July 2020 to April 2021. Four frailty-resilience phenotypes were built: "fit/resilient", "fit/non-resilient", "frail/resilient" and "frail/non-resilient"...
June 2, 2023: Scientific Reports
Joaquín Osorio Arjona, Julia de Las Obras-Loscertales Sampériz
This work aims to find out the effectiveness of sources based on Big Data like mobile phone records to analyze mobility flows and changes in the population of Spain in different scenarios during the period of the pandemic caused by the COVID-19 virus. To this end, we have used mobile phone data provided by the National Institute of Statistics from four days corresponding to different phases of the pandemic. Origin-Destination matrices and population estimation calculations at the spatial level of population cells have been elaborated...
June 2, 2023: Scientific Reports
Arunachalam Selvam, Sriramulu Sabarinathan, Beri Venkatachalapathy Senthil Kumar, Haewon Byeon, Kamel Guedri, Sayed M Eldin, Muhammad Ijaz Khan, Vediyappan Govindan
The intention of this work is to study a mathematical model for fractal-fractional tuberculosis and COVID-19 co-infection under the Atangana-Baleanu fractal-fractional operator. Firstly, we formulate the tuberculosis and COVID-19 co-infection model by considering the tuberculosis recovery individuals, the COVID-19 recovery individuals, and both disease recovery compartment in the proposed model. The fixed point approach is utilized to explore the existence and uniqueness of the solution in the suggested model...
June 2, 2023: Scientific Reports
Aleksandra Suwalska, Joanna Tobiasz, Wojciech Prazuch, Marek Socha, Pawel Foszner, Damian Piotrowski, Katarzyna Gruszczynska, Magdalena Sliwinska, Jerzy Walecki, Tadeusz Popiela, Grzegorz Przybylski, Mateusz Nowak, Piotr Fiedor, Malgorzata Pawlowska, Robert Flisiak, Krzysztof Simon, Gabriela Zapolska, Barbara Gizycka, Edyta Szurowska, Michal Marczyk, Andrzej Cieszanowski, Joanna Polanska
The outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has put healthcare systems worldwide to their limits, resulting in increased waiting time for diagnosis and required medical assistance. With chest radiographs (CXR) being one of the most common COVID-19 diagnosis methods, many artificial intelligence tools for image-based COVID-19 detection have been developed, often trained on a small number of images from COVID-19-positive patients. Thus, the need for high-quality and well-annotated CXR image databases increased. This paper introduces POLCOVID dataset, containing chest X-ray (CXR) images of patients with COVID-19 or other-type pneumonia, and healthy individuals gathered from 15 Polish hospitals...
June 2, 2023: Scientific Data
Mónica Climente-Martí, Manuela Alvarado-Arenas, Pilar Ausín-Herrero, Cristina Benito-Bernáldez, Nuria Carballo-Martínez, Julio Delgado-Romero
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease with a high health, social and economic impact, particularly in the case of Severe Uncontrolled Asthma (SUA). For this reason, new strategies are especially necessary to improve its approach, with a personalized approach to each patient and from a multidisciplinary perspective, in addition to integrating the new telemedicine and telepharmacy practices promoted as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. In this context, the TEAM 2.0 project ("Work in Multidisciplinary Asthma Teams") has been developed, following the TEAM project carried out in 2019, with the aim of updating and prioritizing good multidisciplinary work practices in SUA in a post pandemic context and analyze the progress made...
May 31, 2023: Farmacia Hospitalaria
Mahsa Ahadi, Amir Hossein Shams, Mahnaz Yadollahi
PURPOSE: Nosocomial infection is a major threat to the health care system and patient welfare. After the pandemic, new protocols were established in hospitals and communities to protect against the transmission of COVID-19, which may have changed the incidence of nosocomial transmission. This study was conducted to compare the incidence of nosocomial infection before and after the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study performed on trauma patients who were admitted, from May 22, 2018 to November 22, 2021, to the largest level-1 trauma center in Shiraz, Iran (Shahid Rajaei Trauma Hospital)...
May 11, 2023: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Kenneth V Iserson, Arthur R Derse, John C Moskop, Joel M Geiderman
BACKGROUND: Pandemics with devastating morbidity and mortality have occurred repeatedly throughout recorded history. Each new scourge seems to surprise governments, medical experts, and the public. The SARS CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic, for example, arrived as an unwelcome surprise to an unprepared world. DISCUSSION: Despite humanity's extensive experience with pandemics and their associated ethical dilemmas, no consensus has emerged on preferred normative standards to deal with them...
March 21, 2023: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kuan-Yin Lin, Sung-Ching Pan, Jann-Tay Wang, Chi-Tai Fang, Chun-Hsing Liao, Chien-Yu Cheng, Shu-Hui Tseng, Chin-Hui Yang, Yee-Chun Chen, Shan-Chwen Chang
COVID-19 has exposed major weaknesses in the healthcare settings. The surge in COVID-19 cases increases the demands of health care, endangers vulnerable patients, and threats occupational safety. In contrast to a hospital outbreak of SARS leading to a whole hospital quarantined, at least 54 hospital outbreaks following a COVID-19 surge in the community were controlled by strengthened infection prevention and control measures for preventing transmission from community to hospitals as well as within hospitals...
May 22, 2023: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
Brigitte Nerlich, Rusi Jaspal
At the beginning of 2022, the word 'endemic' became a buzzword, especially in the UK and the USA, and a kernel for the formation of novel social representations of the COVID-19 pandemic. The word normally refers to a disease which is continuously present, whose incidence is relatively stable and is maintained at a baseline level in any given locality. Over time, 'endemic' migrated from scientific discourse into political discourse, where it was mainly used to argue that the pandemic was over and people now had to learn to 'live with' the virus...
June 2, 2023: Medical Humanities
Jane Macnaughton
Medical humanities has tended first and foremost to be associated with the ways in which the arts and humanities help us to understand health. However, this is not the only or necessarily the primary aim of our field. What the COVID-19 pandemic has revealed above all is what the field of critical medical humanities has insisted on: the deep entanglement of social, cultural, historical life with the biomedical. The pandemic has been a time for reinstating the power of expertise of a particular kind, focusing on epidemiology, scientific modelling of potential outcomes and vaccine development...
June 2, 2023: Medical Humanities
Linda Naughton, Miguel Padeiro, Beatriz Bueno-Larraz
At the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Portuguese government identified those aged 70 or more as a risk group, placing a special duty of protection on them to shelter-at-home. This paper asks how Portuguese municipalities, using Facebook posts, communicated the risk to older adults and to what extent ageist stereotypes were found in the language and frames employed. Over 3800 Facebook posts made by Portuguese municipalities concerning older adults and COVID-19 published between March and July 2020 were analyzed...
June 2023: Journal of Aging Studies
Alex Vickery, Paul Willis, Jillian Powell, Brian Beach, Ailsa Cameron, Eleanor Johnson, Randall Smith
The COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown measures imposed as a result affected the lives of people in all parts of society across the world. In 2020, during the first UK national lockdown, older adults (aged 70 years and over) were told to 'shield' within their homes, as they were regarded as being at higher risk of serious COVID-19 infection compared to other age groups. This paper explores older adults' experiences of COVID-19 lockdown measures whilst living in housing with care schemes for older people...
June 2023: Journal of Aging Studies
J M Castro García, J J Arenas-Jiménez, A Ureña-Vacas, E García-Garrigós, P Sirera-Sirera
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To analyze the diagnostic performance of pulmonary CT angiography and to compare different D-dimer cutoffs for the diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism in patients with and without SARS-CoV-2 infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed all consecutive pulmonary CT angiography studies done for suspected pulmonary embolism in a tertiary hospital during two time periods: the first December 2020 through February 2021 and the second December 2017 through February 2018...
2023: Radiología
L Wauthier, J Favresse, M Hardy, J Douxfils, G Le Gal, P M Roy, N van Es, C Ay, H Ten Cate, T Lecompte, G Lippi, F Mullier
D-dimer containing species are soluble fibrin degradation products derived from plasmin-mediated degradation of cross-linked fibrin, i.e., 'D-dimer'. D-dimer can hence be considered a biomarker of in vivo activation of both coagulation and fibrinolysis, the leading clinical application in daily practice of which is ruling out venous thromboembolism (VTE). D-dimer has been further evaluated for assessing the risk of VTE recurrence and helping define optimal duration of anticoagulation treatment in VTE, for diagnosing disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and for screening those at enhanced risk of VTE...
2023: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
Brigita Dejus, Pāvels Cacivkins, Dita Gudra, Sandis Dejus, Maija Ustinova, Ance Roga, Martins Strods, Juris Kibilds, Guntis Boikmanis, Karina Ortlova, Laura Krivko, Liga Birzniece, Edmunds Skinderskis, Aivars Berzins, Davids Fridmanis, Talis Juhna
Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) is a rapid and cost-effective method that can detect SARS-CoV-2 genomic components in wastewater and can provide an early warning for possible COVID-19 outbreaks up to one or two weeks in advance. However, the quantitative relationship between the intensity of the epidemic and the possible progression of the pandemic is still unclear, necessitating further research. This study investigates the use of WBE to rapidly monitor the SARS-CoV-2 virus from five municipal wastewater treatment plants in Latvia and forecast cumulative COVID-19 cases two weeks in advance...
May 31, 2023: Science of the Total Environment
Saliou Mbengue, Petr Vodička, Kateřina Komínková, Naděžda Zíková, Jaroslav Schwarz, Roman Prokeš, Lenka Suchánková, Kajal Julaha, Jakub Ondráček, Ivan Holoubek, Vladimír Ždímal
To prevent the fast spread of COVID-19, worldwide restrictions have been put in place, leading to a reduction in emissions from most anthropogenic sources. In this study, the impact of COVID-19 lockdowns on elemental (EC) and organic (OC) carbon was explored at a European rural background site combining different approaches: - "Horizontal approach (HA)" consists of comparing concentrations of pollutants measured at 4 m a.g.l. during pre-COVID period (2017-2019) to those measured during COVID period (2020-2021); - "Vertical approach (VA)" consists of inspecting the relationship between OC and EC measured at 4 m and those on top (230 m) of a 250 m-tall tower in Czech Republic...
May 31, 2023: Science of the Total Environment
Ge Li, Qingmei Li, Xun Wang, Xiao Liu, Yuhang Zhang, Rui Li, Junqing Guo, Gaiping Zhang
Lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) is widely used as a rapid point-of-care testing (POCT) technique in food safety, veterinary and clinical detection on account of the accessible, fast and low-cost characteristics. After the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), different types of LFIAs have attracted considerable interest because of their ability of providing immediate diagnosis directly to users, thereby effectively controlling the outbreak. Based on the introduction of the principles and key components of LFIAs, this review focuses on the major detection formats of LFIAs for antigens, antibodies and haptens...
May 31, 2023: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.