keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913998/the-incidence-and-outcomes-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-south-korea-multicenter-registry-study
#1
MULTICENTER STUDY
Heekyung Lee, Jaehoon Oh, Hyuk Joong Choi, Hyungoo Shin, Yongil Cho, Juncheol Lee
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and disrupted the chain of survival. Even after the end of the pandemic, the risk of new variants and surges persists. Analyzing the characteristics of OHCA during the pandemic is important to prepare for the next pandemic and to avoid repeated negative outcomes. However, previous studies have yielded somewhat varied results, depending on the health care system or the specific characteristics of social structures...
June 24, 2024: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913992/provider-adoption-of-mhealth-in-rural-patient-care-web-based-survey-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bryan P Weichelt, Rick Burke, Burney Kieke, Matt Pilz, Neel Shimpi
BACKGROUND: Physicians and patient-facing caregivers have increasingly used mobile health (mHealth) technologies in the past several years, accelerating during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, barriers and feedback surrounding adoption remain relatively understudied and varied across health systems, particularly in rural areas. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify provider adoption, attitudes, and barriers toward mHealth in a large, multisite, rural US health care system...
June 24, 2024: JMIR Human Factors
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913938/-clostridioides-difficile-infection-epidemiology-during-the%C3%A2-covid-19-pandemic-in-greece
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Theodoros Karampatakis, Eleni Kandilioti, Helen Katsifa, Anna Nikopoulou, Celine Harmanus, Katerina Tsergouli, Ed Kuijper, Melina Kachrimanidou
Aim: The aim was to highlight the incidence and epidemiology of C. difficile infections (CDI) in a tertiary Greek hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A single-center prospective observational cohort study was conducted (October 2021 until April 2022). 125 C. difficile isolates were cultured from hospitalized patients stool samples and screened by PCR for toxin A ( tcdA ), toxin B ( tcdB ), binary toxin ( cdtA and cdtB ) genes and the regulating gene of tcdC . Results: The incidence of CDI increased to 13...
June 24, 2024: Future Microbiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913832/we-rely-on-relationships-homeless-service-providers-experiences-in-coordinating-care-transitions-during-covid-19
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amanda Joy Anderson, Elizabeth Bowen
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Care coordination occurring across multiple sectors of care, such as when professionals in health or social service organizations collaborate to transition patients from hospitals to community-based settings like homeless shelters, happens regularly in practice. While health services research is full of studies on the experiences of case management and care coordination professionals within health care settings, few studies highlight the perspective of nonclinical homeless service providers (HSPs) in coordinating care transitions...
June 24, 2024: Professional Case Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913770/pre-existing-parental-stress-and-youth-internalizing-symptoms-predict-parent-reported-covid-related-stress-in-military-families
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alison L Drew, Samantha J Gregus, Jake C Steggerda, Amy M Smith Slep, Carla Herrera, Timothy A Cavell, Renée Spencer
Understanding the extent to which youth and families experienced COVID-related stress requires accounting for prior levels of stress and other associated factors. This is especially important for military families, which experience unique stressors and may be reluctant to seek outside help. In this prospective study, we examined the role of pre-pandemic family factors in predicting parent and youth stress during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants were 234 families with at least one active-duty parent and a 3rd or 5th -grade child...
July 3, 2024: Military Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913754/teacher-psychopathology-burnout-secondary-traumatic-stress-and-compassion-satisfaction-during-covid-19-resilience-and-risk-factors
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dana Lassri, Mona Khoury-Kassabri, Ruth Gottfried, Alex Desatnik
Teaching staff have been especially vulnerable to experiencing psychopathology and compassion fatigue during COVID-19, given the significant demands they have experienced. Yet, research on risk and resilience factors is scant. We assessed the psychological status of Israeli teaching staff during COVID-19, focusing on psychopathology (depression, anxiety, somatization), compassion fatigue (burnout, secondary traumatic stress), and compassion satisfaction. We also examined the role of transdiagnostic risk and resilience factors-mentalizing, self-compassion, self-criticism, social support, and specialized trauma training-in predicting psychological status and mitigating the link between COVID-19-related distress and psychological status...
June 24, 2024: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913751/correction-to-parenting-young-children-during-covid-19-parenting-stress-trajectories-parental-mental-health-and-child-problem-behaviors-by-aviles-et-al-2024
#7
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Parenting young children during COVID-19: Parenting stress trajectories, parental mental health, and child problem behaviors" by Ashleigh I. Aviles, Sophia K. Betar, Sarah M. Cline, Ziyu Tian, Deborah B. Jacobvitz and Jody S. Nicholson ( Journal of Family Psychology , 2024[Mar], Vol 38[2], 296-308). In the original article, there were some errors. Corrections have been made in the Abstract sentence, first paragraph of the main text, the beginning of the first sentence of the Parenting Stress subsection in the Method section, and the start of the first sentence of the Depressive Symptoms subsection...
June 24, 2024: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913740/characterization-of-unique-pathological-features-of-covid-associated-coagulopathy-studies-with-ac70-hace2-transgenic-mice-highly-permissive-to-sars-cov-2-infection
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aleksandra K Drelich, Kempaiah Rayavara, Jason Hsu, Panatda Saenkham-Huntsinger, Barbara M Judy, Vivian Tat, Thomas G Ksiazek, Bi-Hung Peng, Chien-Te K Tseng
COVID-associated coagulopathy seemly plays a key role in post-acute sequelae of SARS- CoV-2 infection. However, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are poorly understood, largely due to the lack of suitable animal models that recapitulate key clinical and pathological symptoms. Here, we fully characterized AC70 line of human ACE2 transgenic (AC70 hACE2 Tg) mice for SARS-CoV-2 infection. We noted that this model is highly permissive to SARS-CoV-2 with values of 50% lethal dose and infectious dose as ~ 3 and ~ 0...
June 24, 2024: PLoS Pathogens
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913718/molybdenum-disulfide-assisted-spontaneous-formation-of-multistacked-gold-nanoparticles-for-deep-learning-integrated-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wansun Kim, Jisang Han, Yoo Jin Kim, Hyerin Lee, Tae Gi Kim, Jae-Ho Shin, Dong-Ho Kim, Ho Sang Jung, Sang Woong Moon, Samjin Choi
Several fabrication methods have been developed for label-free detection in various fields. However, fabricating high-density and highly ordered nanoscale architectures by using soluble processes remains a challenge. Herein, we report a biosensing platform that integrates deep learning with surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), featuring large-area, close-packed three-dimensional (3D) architectures of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2 )-assisted gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for the on-site screening of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) using human tears...
June 24, 2024: ACS Nano
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913709/trends-in-weight-gain-recorded-in-english-primary-care-before-and-during-the-coronavirus-19-pandemic-an-observational-cohort-study-using-the-opensafely-platform
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Miriam Samuel, Robin Y Park, Sophie V Eastwood, Fabiola Eto, Caroline E Morton, Daniel Stow, Sebastian Bacon, Amir Mehrkar, Jessica Morley, Iain Dillingham, Peter Inglesby, William J Hulme, Kamlesh Khunti, Rohini Mathur, Jonathan Valabhji, Brian MacKenna, Sarah Finer
BACKGROUND: Obesity and rapid weight gain are established risk factors for noncommunicable diseases and have emerged as independent risk factors for severe disease following Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Restrictions imposed to reduce COVID-19 transmission resulted in profound societal changes that impacted many health behaviours, including physical activity and nutrition, associated with rate of weight gain. We investigated which clinical and sociodemographic characteristics were associated with rapid weight gain and the greatest acceleration in rate of weight gain during the pandemic among adults registered with an English National Health Service (NHS) general practitioner (GP) during the COVID-19 pandemic...
June 24, 2024: PLoS Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913698/network-pharmacology-and-experimental-verification-to-decode-the-action-of-qing-fei-hua-xian-decotion-against-pulmonary-fibrosis
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hao-Liang Ke, Rui-Jie Li, Chao-Chao Yu, Xiu-Ping Wang, Chao-Yan Wu, Ying-Wen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a common interstitial pneumonia disease, also occurred in post-COVID-19 survivors. The mechanism underlying the anti-PF effect of Qing Fei Hua Xian Decotion (QFHXD), a traditional Chinese medicine formula applied for treating PF in COVID-19 survivors, is unclear. This study aimed to uncover the mechanisms related to the anti-PF effect of QFHXD through analysis of network pharmacology and experimental verification. METHODS: The candidate chemical compounds of QFHXD and its putative targets for treating PF were achieved from public databases, thereby we established the corresponding "herb-compound-target" network of QFHXD...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913679/psychosocial-correlates-of-parents-willingness-to-vaccinate-their-children-against-covid-19
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyunmin Yu, Stephen Bonett, Ufuoma Oyiborhoro, Subhash Aryal, Andrew Kim, Melanie L Kornides, John B Jemmott, Karen Glanz, Antonia M Villarruel, José A Bauermeister
BACKGROUND: Public health guidance recommended that children who are 6 months or older be vaccinated against COVID-19 in June of 2022. In the U.S., 56% of children under 17 had not received the COVID-19 vaccination in 2023. We examine parents' willingness to vaccinate their children against COVID-19 using the theory of planned behavior in order to design effective strategies to promote vaccine uptake. METHODS: The Philadelphia Community Engagement Alliance is part of an NIH community-engaged consortium focused on addressing COVID-19 disparities across the U...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913676/demand-for-mental-health-support-services-among-health-professionals-in-vietnam-lesson-from-covid-19-pandemic
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nguyen Hoang Thanh, Than Manh Hung, Tran Nguyen Ngoc, Bui Van San, Doan Quoc Hung, Nguyen Dinh Hung, Vu Duc Binh, Le Hong Trung, Le Van Tinh, Nguyen Thanh Nam, Pham Huy Tan, Pham Tran Anh Khoa, Pham Ngoc Thach, Nguyen Tuan Khanh, Cao Duc Chinh, Nguyen Vu Trung, Tran Thi Mai Thi, Pham Ba Hien, Tran Anh Long, Nguyen Van Thuong, Nguyen Van Thanh, Tran Xuan Thang, Lai Duc Truong, Vu Quang Hieu, Satoko Otsu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to measure the preferences for mental health support among health professionals, their willingness to support the mental health of colleagues and associated factors. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed from August to October 2022 within five hospitals located in Hanoi, Vietnam. A total of 244 health professionals participated in the study. Data on socio-economic status, health and COVID-19-related characteristics, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21); and preferences for mental health support services were collected by using a structured self-reported questionnaire...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913665/feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy-of-a-positive-emotion-regulation-intervention-to-promote-resilience-for-healthcare-workers-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Judith Tedlie Moskowitz, Kathryn L Jackson, Peter Cummings, Elizabeth L Addington, Melanie E Freedman, Jacquelyn Bannon, Cerina Lee, Thanh Huyen Vu, Amisha Wallia, Lisa R Hirschhorn, John T Wilkins, Charlesnika Evans
INTRODUCTION: Burnout poses a substantial, ongoing threat to healthcare worker (HCW) wellbeing and to the delivery of safe, quality healthcare. While systemic and organization-level changes in healthcare are critically important, HCWs also need individual-level skills to promote resilience. The objective of this trial is to test feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of PARK, an online self-guided positive affect regulation intervention, in a sample of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913626/investigation-of-covid-19-transmission-during-the-first-community-outbreak-in-a-remote-island-population-falkland-islands-april-to-june-2022
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alice Wynne, Thomas Bale, Rebecca Edwards, Natalie Wright, Petra Manley
After 2 years of no community outbreaks of COVID-19, the Falkland Islands (FI) reported their first community case in April 2022. Because of high vaccine coverage (88% of entire population), no specific control measures were instigated, and cases spread rapidly. We undertook a retrospective cohort study to determine the extent of transmission and the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccine in a population with limited natural immunity. We extracted data on age, sex, and vulnerability for the FI registered population from a patient information system and linked to COVID-19 case line-list and vaccination datasets...
2024: PLOS Glob Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913615/letter-in-reply-before-biomolecules-are-claimed-as-biomarkers-of-covid-19-their-criteria-must-be-met
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Murat Karamese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2024: Future Microbiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913614/relative-contribution-of-biomedical-demographic-and-socioeconomic-factors-to-covid-19-vaccine-receipt-in-rural-india
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bethany F Ferris, Suganthi Balasubramanian, Anuradha Rajamanickam, Saravanan Munisankar, Bindu Dasan, Pradeep A Menon, P'ng Loke, Subash Babu, Goylette F Chami
BACKGROUND: In the first year of roll-out, vaccination for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) prevented almost 20 million deaths from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Yet, little is known about the factors influencing access to vaccination at the individual level within rural poor settings of low-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine determinants of vaccine receipt in rural India. METHODS: A census of a rural village in Tamil Nadu was undertaken from June 2021 to September 2022...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913574/efficacy-and-safety-of-remdesivir-in-people-with-impaired-kidney-function-hospitalized-for-covid-19-pneumonia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Meghan E Sise, Jose Ramon Santos, Jason D Goldman, Katherine R Tuttle, J Pedro Teixeira, Allan F Seibert, Yiannis Koullias, Joe Llewellyn, Sean Regan, Yang Zhao, Hailin Huang, Robert H Hyland, Anu Osinusi, Helen Winter, Rita Humeniuk, Henry N Hulter, Robert L Gottlieb, Dahlene N Fusco, Rita Birne, Fernando F Stancampiano, Claudia R Libertin, Catherine B Small, Markus Plate, Mark J McPhail
BACKGROUND: Few antiviral therapies have been studied in patients with COVID-19 and kidney impairment. Herein, efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of remdesivir, its metabolites, and sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin excipient were evaluated in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and severe kidney impairment. METHODS: In REDPINE, a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, participants aged ≥12 years hospitalized for COVID-19 pneumonia with acute kidney injury (AKI), chronic kidney disease (CKD), or kidney failure were randomized 2:1 to receive intravenous remdesivir (200 mg on Day 1; 100 mg daily up to Day 5) or placebo (enrollment: March 2021-March 2022)...
June 24, 2024: Clinical Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913468/justice-pluralism-during-the-covid-19-pandemic
#19
EDITORIAL
Rosamond Rhodes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2024: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38913364/evaluating-covid-19-vaccines-in-the-era-of-endemicity-recency-vs-reformulation
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gopi S Mohan, Michael J Mina, Pierre O Ankomah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2024: JAMA Internal Medicine
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