Peng Jin, Hyusim Park, Sungyong Jung, Jayoung Kim
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a global health threat. This disease has brought about huge changes in the priorities of medical and surgical procedures. This short review article summarizes several test methods for COVID-19 that are currently being used or under development. This paper also introduces the corresponding changes in the diagnosis and treatment of urological diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic. We further discuss the potential impacts of the pandemic on urology, including the outpatient setting, clinical work, teaching, and research...
November 23, 2020: Urologia Internationalis
Seyedeh-Samin Barakati, Maxim Topaz, Laura-Maria Peltonen, James Mitchell, Dari Alhuwail, Tracie Risling, Charlene Ronquillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2020: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Riikka Vuokko, Kaija Saranto, Sari Palojoki
During COVID-19 pandemic, mobile technology is seen as potential tool for epidemic control and citizens' empowerment. Based on literature, we explore, which are the currently known types of the mobile apps and what implications do the apps have for patient empowerment. There is a need for evidence and an assessment framework to ensure that COVID-19 apps deliver on their promises.
November 23, 2020: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Berglind F Smaradottir, Johan Gustav Bellika, Aina Fredeng, Asbjørn J Fagerlund
User-centred design involves end-users or user groups during all the parts of the development process. The research project Chronic Pain aims to develop a shared decision making application for patients and physicians, addressing individually adapted pain treatment. The project employs a user-centred design process, and in middle of it, Covid-19 pandemic social distancing restrictions were imposed. This paper presents how the user-centred design process together with a patient organisation was transformed to a digital approach and the experiences from performing a remote co-creation user workshop...
November 23, 2020: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Elena Lazarova, Sara Mora, Antonio Di Biagio, Antonio Vena, Mauro Giacomini
One of the most important challenges in the scenario of COVID-19 is to design and develop decision support systems that can help medical staff to identify a cohort of patients that is more likely to have worse clinical evolution. To achieve this objective it is necessary to work on collected data, pre-process them in order to obtain a consistent dataset and then extract the most relevant features with advanced statistical methods like principal component analysis. As preliminary results of this research, very influential features that emerged are the presence of cardiac and liver illnesses and the levels of some inflammatory parameters at the moment of diagnosis...
November 23, 2020: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Gery Laurent, Benjamin Guinhouya, Marielle Whatelet, Antoine Lamer
The objective of this study was to test the feasibility of automatically extracting and exploiting data from the YouTube platform, with a focus on the videos produced by the French YouTuber HugoDécrypte during COVID-19 quarantine in France. For this, we used the YouTube API, which allows the automatic collection of data and meta-data of videos. We have identified the main topics addressed in the comments of the videos and assessed their polarity. Our results provide insights on topics trends over the course of the quarantine and highlight users sentiment towards on-going events...
November 23, 2020: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Joseph Finkelstein, In Cheol Jeong, Mackenzie Doerstling, Yichao Shen, Chenhao Wei, Herbert Karpatkin
Pulmonary rehabilitation [PR] has been successfully carried out via telemedicine however initial patient assessment has been traditionally conducted in PR centers. The first step in PR is assessment of patient's exercise capacity which allows individualized prescription of safe and effective exercise program. With COVID-19 pandemics assessment of patients in PR centers has been limited resulting in significant reduction of patients undergoing life-saving PR. The goal of this pilot study was to introduce approaches for remote assessment of exercise capacity using videoconferencing platforms and provide initial usability assessment of this approach by conducing cognitive walkthrough testing...
November 23, 2020: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Wanting Cui, Manuel Cabrera, Joseph Finkelstein
The goal of this paper was to apply unsupervised machine learning techniques towards the discovery of latent COVID-19 clusters in patients with chronic lower respiratory diseases (CLRD). Patients who underwent testing for SARS-CoV-2 were identified from electronic medical records. The analytical dataset comprised 2,328 CLRD patients of whom 1,029 were tested COVID-19 positive. We used the factor analysis for mixed data method for preprocessing. It performed principle component analysis on numeric values and multiple correspondence analysis on categorical values which helped convert categorical data into numeric...
November 23, 2020: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Whitney S Brakefield, Nariman Ammar, Olufunto Olusanya, Esra Ozdenerol, Fridtjof Thomas, Altha J Stewart, Karen C Johnson, Robert L Davis, David L Schwartz, Arash Shaban-Nejad
The COVID-19 pandemic is broadly undercutting global health and economies, while disproportionally impacting socially disadvantaged populations. An impactful pandemic surveillance solution must draw from multi-dimensional integration of social determinants of health (SDoH) to contextually inform traditional epidemiological factors. In this article, we describe an Urban Public Health Observatory (UPHO) model which we have put into action in a mid-sized U.S. metropolitan region to provide near real-time analysis and dashboarding of ongoing COVID-19 conditions...
November 23, 2020: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Joao H Bettencourt-Silva, Natasha Mulligan, Charles Jochim, Nagesh Yadav, Walter Sedlazek, Vanessa Lopez, Martin Gleize
Social determinants of health (SDoH) are the factors which lie outside of the traditional health system, such as employment or access to nutritious foods, that influence health outcomes. Some efforts have focused on identifying vulnerable populations during the COVID-19 pandemic, however, both the short- and long-term social impacts of the pandemic on individuals and populations are not well understood. This paper presents a pipeline to discover health outcomes and related social factors based on trending SDoH at population-level using Google Trends...
November 23, 2020: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Bianza Moise Bakadia, Feng He, Tiatou Souho, Lallepak Lamboni, Muhammad Wajid Ullah, Biaou Ode Boni, Abeer Ahmed Qaed Ahmed, Biampata Mutu Mukole, Guang Yang
The ongoing pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has drawn the attention of researchers and clinicians from several disciplines and sectors who are trying to find durable solutions both at preventive and treatment levels. To date, there is no approved effective treatment or vaccine available to control the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). The preliminary in vitro studies on viral infection models showed potential antiviral activities of type I and III interferons (IFNs), chloroquine (CQ)/hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), and azithromycin (AZM); however, the clinical studies on COVID-19 patients treated with CQ/HCQ and AZM led to controversies in different regions due to their adverse side effects, as well as their combined treatment could prolong the QT interval...
November 11, 2020: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
Mukesh Kumar, Jitender Madan, Rupinder Kaur Sodhi, Shashi Bala Singh, Anju Katyal
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) develops within 3-14 days when CoV2 invades epithelial, myeloid cells in the nasopharynx and pneumocytes in the respiratory tract through angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE2). Infection swiftly disseminates to gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, renal organs as well as immune system to deregulate their normal functioning through unique and distinct mechanisms. The health system and economy has been intensely thwarted by the rapid spread and exorbitant mortality caused by COVID-19 disease across the globe...
October 19, 2020: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
Rasha Salah Eweida, Zohour Ibrahim Rashwan, Gehan Mohamed Desoky, Leena Mohammad Khonji
COVID-19 pandemic brings with it a new reality and changes in the context of traditional nursing clinical training. Intern-nursing students face challenges in providing care for suspected and confirmed patients with COVID-19. This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to explore the mental strain and changes in the psychological health hub among the intern-nursing students during COVID-19 pandemic. A sample of 150 intern-nursing students from 13 pediatric and medical-surgical units at Alexandria University Hospitals completed the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome COVID-19 Staff Questionnaire and rated their psychological distress on the General Health Questionnaire...
November 10, 2020: Nurse Education in Practice
Emily Nicholls, Dominic Conroy
The global 'lockdowns' and social distancing measures triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic have brought about unprecedented social changes, including the sudden, temporary closure of licensed venues and significant modifications to leisure and drinking practices. In this piece, we argue that these changes invite researchers to consider the short and longer-term consequences in terms of continuities and changes to the practices and symbolism of alcohol consumption both within and beyond domestic spaces. We do this by drawing on illustrations from our emergent qualitative research involving internet-mediated semi-structured interviews and focus groups with 20 participants from the UK (aged 26-65) concerning experiences of drinking in and beyond 'lockdown'...
November 20, 2020: International Journal on Drug Policy
Alex L Jones, Bastian Jaeger, Christoph Schild
Research into COVID-19 susceptibility and outcomes are critical, but claims must be carefully evaluated to inform policy decisions. In a recent series of articles, Manning and Fink [1-3] use national-level data to describe associations between case-fatality ratios and male and female finger ratios (2D:4D), a suggested measure of prenatal androgen exposure, as well as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) allele and genotype frequencies. The authors suggest that 2D:4D is linked with ACE variant prevalence, and that higher male 2D:4D is associated with higher case fatality ratios, and point to 2D:4D as a useful prognostic measure for COVID-19 susceptibility...
November 17, 2020: Early Human Development
R B Hawkins, E J Charles, J H Mehaffey
OBJECTIVES: The United States has the highest number of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the world, with high variability in cases and mortality between communities. We aimed to quantify the associations between socio-economic status and COVID-19-related cases and mortality in the U.S. STUDY DESIGN: The study design includes nationwide COVID-19 data at the county level that were paired with the Distressed Communities Index (DCI) and its component metrics of socio-economic status...
October 17, 2020: Public Health
Paola Montenegro, Luis Pinillos, Frank Young, Alfredo Aguilar, Indira Tirado-Hurtado, Joseph A Pinto, Carlos Vallejos
COVID-19 pandemic is the more challenging public health emergency of the century, producing the collapse of health systems and unprecedented levels of morbidity and mortality around the world, especially in low resource settings. Patients with chronic diseases are the most affected, not only due to the high susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection but also due to the decrease in opportunities for timely care. In this dark landscape, telemedicine, before limited to very specific scenarios, has become one of our main tools to manage cancer patients, particularly in Latin America where COVID-19 has had a strong impact on the public health...
October 22, 2020: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
André O Werneck, Danilo R Silva, Deborah C Malta, Paulo R B Souza-Júnior, Luiz O Azevedo, Marilisa B A Barros, Célia L Szwarcwald
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the associations of physical activity and TV-viewing reported changes during the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine with mental health among Brazilian adults with and without depression. METHODS: Data of 43,995 Brazilian adults from a cross-sectional, nationwide behavior research were used. Participants reported the frequency on loneliness, sadness (feel sad, crestfallen or depressed) and anxiety (feel worried, anxious or nervous) feelings during the pandemic period...
November 10, 2020: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Nicholas M Heitkamp, Lucas E Morgan, J Bryan Carmody, Darel E Heitkamp
For academic pediatricians, social media has become an important avenue for professional development through continuing education, professional networking, and academic collaboration. Pediatric residency program directors have recognized additional benefits of social media engagement via program promotion and resident recruitment. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and subsequent move to virtual interviews for the 2020-2021 residency interview season have created a new urgency for pediatric program directors to establish an active social presence, primarily as a means to engage applicants and provide them with information in lieu of cancelled away rotations and in-person interviews...
November 20, 2020: Academic Pediatrics
Aziz Rezapour, Aghdas Souresrafil, Mohammad Mehdi Peighambari, Mona Heidarali, Mahsa Tashakori-Miyanroudi
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a public health emergency and raised global concerns in about 213 countries without vaccines and with limited medical capacity to treat the disease. The COVID-19 has prompted an urgent search for effective interventions, and there is little information about the money value of treatments. The present study aimed to summarize economic evaluation evidence of preventing strategies, programs, and treatments of COVID-19. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched Medline/PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science Core Collection, Embase, Scopus, Google Scholar, and specialized databases of economic evaluation from December 2019 to July 2020 to identify relevant literature to economic evaluation of programs against COVID-19...
November 20, 2020: International Journal of Surgery
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