Daming Zhou, Jingshan Ren, Elizabeth E Fry, David I Stuart
The COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 has led to hundreds of millions of infections and millions of deaths, however, human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) can be an effective treatment. Since SARS-CoV-2 emerged, a variety of strains have acquired increasing numbers of mutations to gain increased transmissibility and escape from the immune response. Most reported neutralizing human mAbs, including all approved therapeutic ones, have been knocked down or out by these mutations. Broadly neutralizing mAbs are therefore of great value, to treat current and possible future variants...
June 5, 2023: Current Opinion in Virology
M Zhao, W Qin, S Zhang, F Qi, X Li, X Lan
OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 has brought challenges to the health of all mankind. It is particularly important to promote the construction of a 'Healthy China' and build a 'healthy community'. The aims of this study were to construct a reasonable conceptual framework for the Healthy City concept and to assess Healthy City construction in China. STUDY DESIGN: This study combined qualitative and quantitative research. METHODS: This study proposes the concept model of 'nature-human body-Healthy City' and accordingly constructs an evaluation index system for the construction of a Healthy City that integrates five dimensions, namely, the medical level, economic basis, cultural development, social services, and ecological environment to explore the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of Healthy City construction in China...
June 5, 2023: Public Health
Lenka Kujovská Krčmová, Kateřina Matoušová, Lenka Javorská, Petr Šmahel, Mikuláš Skála, Vladimír Koblížek, Jan Škop, Dorota Turoňová, Markéta Gančarčíková, Bohuslav Melichar
OBJECTIVES: Currently, no biomarker or scoring system could clearly identify patients at risk of progression to a severe coronavirus disease (COVID)-19. Even in patients with known risk factors, the fulminant course cannot be predicted with certainty. Analysis of commonly determined clinical parameters (frailty score, age, or body mass index) together with routine biomarkers of host response (C-reactive protein and viral nucleocapsid protein) in combination with new biomarkers neopterin, kynurenine, and tryptophan, could aid in predicting the patient outcome...
June 9, 2023: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Grace Sun, Don S Dizon, Connie M Szczepanek, Daniel P Petrylak, Dana B Sparks, Catherine Tangen, Primo Lucky N Lara, Ian M Thompson, Charles David Blanke
A survey of clinical research professionals @SWOG indicate that 80% of clinical trial offices are understaffed. Addressing this is critical so progress for people with cancer continues. Read more about lessons learned in the #COVID19 pandemic and how it informs a path forward.
June 7, 2023: JCO oncology practice
Lawrence O Gostin, Gigi K Gronvall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2023: New England Journal of Medicine
Alexander Piszker, Nicholas McManus
INTRODUCTION: Psychosis associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been previously, but infrequently, reported in the literature. We present a rare case of COVID-19-associated severe psychosis and suicide attempt in an 80-year-old male with no personal or known family history of psychiatric disease. Our patient's symptoms appeared to be longer lasting than most other reported cases in the available literature. CASE REPORT: After a COVID-19 diagnosis, our patient experienced fluctuating, long-lasting psychiatric symptoms over a six-month period...
May 2023: Clinical Practice and Cases in Emergency Medicine
Marisa-Nicole Zayat, Micah Vander Griend, Nathan Flesher, Kelly Lightwine, Elizabeth Ablah, Hayrettin Okut, James M Haan
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how the COVID-19 pandemic impacted older adults admitted to the hospital with fall-related injuries. This research sought to determine if there was a difference in patient characteristics and hospital outcomes among older adults with fall-related injuries during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to a non-pandemic period. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients 65 years or older admitted for traumatic falls before and during COVID-19 was undertaken...
June 7, 2023: American Surgeon
Chia-Ling Hsu, Sheng-Hui Hung, Dulmaa Munkhtogoo, Pa-Chun Wang
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treatment requires timely diagnosis and treatment for optimal health outcomes. The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic has caused changes in health-care delivery and utilization; therefore, the present study explored the changes in emergency care quality indicators for patients with AMI before and during different periods of government response to the COVID-19 outbreak in Taiwan. The Taiwan Clinical Performance Indicators database was used to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on acute care quality indicators for patients with AMI during four periods: before the COVID-19 outbreak (Period I-1 January to 31 December 2019) and during three periods in which the central government imposed different levels of epidemic prevention and response alerts (Period II-1 January 2020 to 30 April 2021; Period III-1 May to 31 July 2021; and Period IV-1 August to 31 December 2021)...
June 6, 2023: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Manon Scholaert, Raissa Houmadi, Jeremy Martin, Nadine Serhan, Marie Tauber, Emilie Braun, Lilian Basso, Eric Merle, Pascal Descargues, Manuelle Viguier, Cécile Lesort, Benoît Chaput, Jean Kanitakis, Denis Jullien, Cristina Bulai Livideanu, Laurence Lamant, Emeline Pagès, Nicolas Gaudenzio
Routine clinical assays, such as conventional immunohistochemistry, often fail to resolve the regional heterogeneity of complex inflammatory skin conditions. We introduce MANTIS (Multiplex Annotated Tissue Imaging System), a flexible analytic pipeline compatible with routine practice, specifically designed for spatially resolved immune phenotyping of the skin in experimental or clinical samples. On the basis of phenotype attribution matrices coupled to α-shape algorithms, MANTIS projects a representative digital immune landscape while enabling automated detection of major inflammatory clusters and concomitant single-cell data quantification of biomarkers...
June 9, 2023: Science Advances
Yu Mikami, Barbara R Grubb, Troy D Rogers, Hong Dang, Takanori Asakura, Pradeep Kota, Rodney C Gilmore, Kenichi Okuda, Lisa C Morton, Ling Sun, Gang Chen, Jason A Wykoff, Camille Ehre, Juan Vilar, Catharina van Heusden, Alessandra Livraghi-Butrico, Martina Gentzsch, Brian Button, M Jackson Stutts, Scott H Randell, Wanda K O'Neal, Richard C Boucher
Unlike solid organs, human airway epithelia derive their oxygen from inspired air rather than the vasculature. Many pulmonary diseases are associated with intraluminal airway obstruction caused by aspirated foreign bodies, virus infection, tumors, or mucus plugs intrinsic to airway disease, including cystic fibrosis (CF). Consistent with requirements for luminal O2 , airway epithelia surrounding mucus plugs in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) lungs are hypoxic. Despite these observations, the effects of chronic hypoxia (CH) on airway epithelial host defense functions relevant to pulmonary disease have not been investigated...
June 7, 2023: Science Translational Medicine
Arne Traulsen, Simon A Levin, Chadi M Saad-Roy
Individual and societal reactions to an ongoing pandemic can lead to social dilemmas: In some cases, each individual is tempted to not follow an intervention, but for the whole society, it would be best if they did. Now that in most countries, the extent of regulations to reduce SARS-CoV-2 transmission is very small, interventions are driven by individual decision-making. Assuming that individuals act in their best own interest, we propose a framework in which this situation can be quantified, depending on the protection the intervention provides to a user and to others, the risk of getting infected, and the costs of the intervention...
June 13, 2023: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Julia Stowe, Elizabeth Miller, Nick Andrews, Heather J Whitaker
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of myocarditis or pericarditis after priming with mRNA Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines has been shown but information on the risk post-booster is limited. With the now high prevalence of prior Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, we assessed the effect of prior infection on the vaccine risk and the risk from COVID-19 reinfection. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a self-controlled case series analysis of hospital admissions for myocarditis or pericarditis in England between 22 February 2021 and 6 February 2022 in the 50 million individuals eligible to receive the adenovirus-vectored vaccine (ChAdOx1-S) for priming or an mRNA vaccine (BNT162b2 or mRNA-1273) for priming or boosting...
June 7, 2023: PLoS Medicine
Austin Featherstone, Amanda Claire Brown, Sapna Chitlapilly Dass
Meat processing plants have been at the center of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, with a recent report citing 90% of US facilities having multiple outbreaks during 2020 and 2021. We explored the potential for biofilms to act as a reservoir in protecting, harboring, and dispersing SARS-CoV-2 throughout the meat processing facility environment. To do this, we used Murine Hepatitis Virus (MHV), as a surrogate for SARS-CoV-2, and meat processing facility drain samples to develop mixed-species biofilms on materials found in meat processing facilities (stainless steel (SS), PVC, and ceramic tiles)...
2023: PloS One
Rodney Plat, Maria Vasile, François Roubille, Grégoire Mercier
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, the COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with an overall drop in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) hospitalizations. Additionally, there is a well-known association between ACS and socioeconomic status. This study aims to assess the COVID-19 effect on ACS admissions in France during the first national lockdown and investigate the factors associated with its spatial heterogeneity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we used the French hospital discharge database (PMSI) to estimate ACS admission rates in all public and private hospitals in 2019 and 2020...
2023: PloS One
Rutendo Beauty Birri Makota, Eustasius Musenge
The burden of HIV and related diseases have been areas of great concern pre and post the emergence of COVID-19 in Zimbabwe. Machine learning models have been used to predict the risk of diseases, including HIV accurately. Therefore, this paper aimed to determine common risk factors of HIV positivity in Zimbabwe between the decade 2005 to 2015. The data were from three two staged population five-yearly surveys conducted between 2005 and 2015. The outcome variable was HIV status. The prediction model was fit by adopting 80% of the data for learning/training and 20% for testing/prediction...
June 2023: PLOS Digit Health
Martina Wallberg, Helena Tinnerholm Ljungberg, Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Lotta Nybergh, Irene Jensen, Caroline Olsson
BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, changes in working life occurred, even in Sweden, where there was no general lockdown. The aim of this study was to examine how the COVID-19 pandemic was perceived as affecting the hindering and enabling factors among young employees with CMD to remain at or return to work, here as investigated from the perspective of young employees and managers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A qualitative design was applied with semistructured interviews with 23 managers and 25 young employees (20-29 years old)...
2023: PloS One
Kasusu Klint Nyamuryekung'e, Maryam Amour, Innocent Mboya, Harrieth Ndumwa, James Kengia, Belinda J Njiro, Lwidiko Mhamilawa, Elizabeth Shayo, Frida Ngalesoni, Ntuli Kapologwe, Albino Kalolo, Emmy Metta, Sia Msuya
Vaccination is the most cost-effective way of preventing Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) although there was a considerable delay in its institution in Tanzania. This study assessed health care workers' (HCWs) self-perceived infection risk and uptake of COVID-19 vaccines. A concurrent embedded, mixed methods design was utilized to collect data among HCWs in seven Tanzanian regions. Quantitative data was collected using a validated, pre-piloted, interviewer administered questionnaire whereas in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) gathered qualitative data...
2023: PLOS Glob Public Health
Raquel Rodríguez-Blanque, Juan Carlos Sánchez-García, Angel Cobos Vargas, M Socorro Leyva Martínez, Silvia Martínez Diz, Jonathan Cortés-Martín, María Isabel Tovar-Gálvez
BACKGROUND: Lactobacillus coryniformis K8 CECT5711 has immune modulating properties, enhances the immune response to viral antigens leading to the production of specific antibodies, has anti-inflammatory activity which may help to prevent uncontrolled inflammatory processes leading to respiratory and other organ failure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the consumption of a probiotic strain on the incidence and severity of COVID-19 in health personnel who carry out their professional work among patients with infection or suspected infection by SARS CoV-2...
April 12, 2023: JMIR Research Protocols
Qingqi Hong, Lingli Lin, Zihan Li, Qingde Li, Junfeng Yao, Qingqiang Wu, Kunhong Liu, Jie Tian
Detecting pneumonia, especially coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), from chest X-ray (CXR) images is one of the most effective ways for disease diagnosis and patient triage. The application of deep neural networks (DNNs) for CXR image classification is limited due to the small sample size of the well-curated data. To tackle this problem, this article proposes a distance transformation-based deep forest framework with hybrid-feature fusion (DTDF-HFF) for accurate CXR image classification. In our proposed method, hybrid features of CXR images are extracted in two ways: hand-crafted feature extraction and multigrained scanning...
June 7, 2023: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Xiao Yu, Weimin Li, Jianjia Wang, Xing Wu, Bin Sheng
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a positive-stranded single-stranded RNA virus with an envelope frequently altered by unstable genetic material, making it extremely difficult for vaccines, drugs, and diagnostics to work. Understanding SARS-CoV-2 infection mechanisms requires studying gene expression changes. Deep learning methods are often considered for large-scale gene expression profiling data. Data feature-oriented analysis, however, neglects the biological process nature of gene expression, making it difficult to describe gene expression behaviors accurately...
June 7, 2023: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
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