Tate F Halverson, Piper S Meyer-Kalos, Diana O Perkins, Susan A Gaylord, Olafur S Palsson, Lana Nye, Sara B Algoe, Karen Grewen, David L Penn
Individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) are at heightened risk for exposure to stressful life events which can lead to increased sensitivity to stress and a dysregulated stress response, which are in turn associated with poor long-term functioning. Stress reactivity is thus a promising treatment target in the early stages of SSD. Integrated-Coping Awareness Therapy (I-CAT) is a manualized intervention integrating mindfulness and positive psychology to target a dysregulated stress response in SSD...
July 28, 2021: Schizophrenia Research
Jeff Houck, Daniel Kang, Tyler Cuddeford
BACKGROUND: Understanding how symptoms influence patient judgements of their health informs providers where to direct care. Patient reported physical outcomes (physical function, pain interference) and self-efficacy of symptom management (SEsm)) predict a patient's health state (i.e. patient acceptable symptom state (PASS)). However, it's unclear if therapist should consider a psychological outcome like SEsm separately or combine this outcome with other physical outcomes for clinical decisions...
July 5, 2021: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
William R Nardi, Eric B Loucks, Stacey Springs, Don Operario, Ian M Kronish, Brandon A Gaudiano, Shufang Sun
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate medication adherence is a significant limitation for achieving optimal health outcomes across chronic health conditions. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been increasingly applied to promote medical regimen adherence as MBIs have been shown to improve patient-level barriers to adherence (i.e., depressive symptoms, cognitive impairment, stress). The purpose of this review is to investigate the state of research regarding MBIs targeting medication adherence in chronic illnesses and to identify evidence gaps to inform future studies...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Caitlin A Howlett, Michael A Wewege, Carolyn Berryman, Annika Oldach, Elizabeth Jennings, Emily Moore, Emma L Karran, Kimberley Szeto, Leander Pronk, Stephanie Miles, G Lorimer Moseley
Cognitive flexibility can be thought of as the ability to effectively adapt one's cognitive and behavioural strategies in response to changing task or environmental demands. To substantiate the common inference that self-report and neuropsychological tests of cognitive flexibility provide 'different windows into the same room', we undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether self-report and neuropsychological tests of cognitive flexibility are related in healthy adults. Ten databases and relevant grey literature were searched from inception...
June 26, 2021: Clinical Psychology Review
Ashley M Fraser, Crystal I Bryce, Brittany L Alexander, Richard A Fabes
INTRODUCTION: Feeling hopeful is an important condition for adolescents' health, well-being, and educational success and attainment, yet limited research has examined hope at different ages throughout adolescence. Information regarding hope levels across grade could help educators know when to capitalize on goal-setting behaviors, and when to intervene should hope levels be low. Additionally, hope could help with the middle to high school transition because it presents opportunities and challenges, including school-related stress, as students adjust to new environments and expectations...
July 28, 2021: Journal of Adolescence
Myron Tsikandilakis, Persefoni Bali, Zhaoliang Yu, Christopher Madan, Jan Derrfuss, Peter Chapman, John Groeger
In this manuscript we review a seminal debate related to subliminality and concerning the relationship of consciousness, unconsciousness, and perception. We present the methodological implementations that contemporary psychology introduced to explore this relationship, such as the application of unbiased self-report metrics and Bayesian analyses for assessing detection and discrimination. We present evidence concerning an unaddressed issue, namely, that different participants and stimulus types require different thresholds for subliminal presentation...
July 28, 2021: Consciousness and Cognition
Bogdan A Matache, Eoghan T Hurley, Ivan Wong, Eiji Itoi, Eric J Strauss, Ruth A Delaney, Lionel Neyton, George S Athwal, Leo Pauzenberger, Hannan Mullett, Laith M Jazrawi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to establish consensus statements via a modified Delphi process on revision surgery, rehabilitation and return to play, and clinical follow-up for anterior shoulder instability. METHODS: A consensus process on the treatment utilizing a modified Delphi technique was conducted, with 65 shoulder surgeons from 14 countries across 5 continents participating. Experts were assigned to one of 9 working groups defined by specific subtopics of interest within anterior shoulder instability...
July 28, 2021: Arthroscopy
Susanne Henningsson, Siri Leknes, Martin Asperholm, Marie Eikemo, Lars Westberg
Oxytocin is central to pair-bonding in non-human animals. We assessed effects of intranasal oxytocin on bond formation between two opposite-sex strangers. In a double-blind placebo-controlled design, 50 pairs of one man and one woman received oxytocin or placebo spray intranasally. After treatment, they played a social interaction game, followed by tasks designed to measure first impressions of the opposite-sex co-participant, and a virtual ball-tossing game (cyberball), designed to measure reactions to rejection by the co-participant...
July 28, 2021: Biological Psychology
Daniel C Bowie, Kathy A Low, Monica Fabiani, Gabriele Gratton
It is well-established that younger adults prioritize information accrued during different stages of stimulus evaluation ("early" versus "late") to optimize performance. The extent to which older adults flexibly adjust their processing strategies, however, is largely unexplored. Twenty-four younger and twenty-four older participants completed a cued flanker task in which one of three cues, indicating the probability that a congruent array would appear (75%, 50%, or 25%), was presented on each trial. Behavioral and ERP (CNV, LRP, N2, and P3b) analyses allowed us to infer cue-driven changes in strategy selection...
July 28, 2021: Biological Psychology
Beth S Russell, Morica Hutchison, Crystal L Park, Michael Fendrich, Lucy Finkelstein-Fox
BACKGROUND: The negative mental health impact of coronavirus disease 2019-related stressors may be heightened for those caring for children, who bear responsibity for their welfare during disasters. AIM: Based on the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping, we inquired whether caregivers' emotion regulation and coping behavior were associated with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). MATERIALS & METHODS: Data were collected through a national online survey in April 2020, and again 60 days later...
July 31, 2021: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Eleanor E Beale, James Overholser, Stephanie Gomez, Sidney Brannam, Craig A Stockmeier
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify variables that distinguish suicide risk among individuals with previous suicide attempts. METHOD: Using psychological autopsy procedures, we evaluated 86 decedents who had at least one lifetime suicide attempt before eventual death by suicide (n = 65) or natural causes (n = 21). RESULTS: The Suicide Death group was more likely to be male, to have alcohol in the toxicology report at time of death, and to have a depression diagnosis, while the Natural Cause Death group was more likely to have personality disorder traits, a polysubstance use disorder, higher reported health stress, and an antidepressant in the toxicology report at time of death...
July 31, 2021: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Yana Cristina de Barba, Angela Khetly Lazarotto, Maria Carolina Alves De Martini, Everton Artuso, Eduardo Henrique Szpak Gaievski, André Lazarin Gallin, Dalila Moter Benvegnú
This study is a comparative analysis of the effects of intuitive eating and correlations with quality of life and wellbeing in Yoga practitioners, physical activity practitioners and sedentary individuals. The study involved 204 participants, comprising 66 Yoga practitioners, 74 physical activity practitioners and 64 sedentary individuals, between the ages of 20 and 59, who were resident in Brazil at the time of the study. Quantitative research was conducted through Facebook and the application questionnaires via Google Forms to measure intuitive eating, food consumption, quality of life, stress level, satisfaction with body image and level of mindfulness...
July 31, 2021: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Spyros Tzanavaris
The present study aims at giving a graphical representation of the movements of motives of consciousness in Leontyev's Activity Theory. In addition, related works concerning "vertical" and "horizontal" in the area of cultural historical activity theory are presented along with demonstrating Leontyev's conceptual distinctions, in a multimodal way, including pastoral psychology and technology. Finally, the last part suggests answers to Vygotsky's and Leontyev's fundamental questions.
July 31, 2021: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Nara Jesus Brito, Vívian Volkmer Pontes, Vania Bustamante
From 2015 to 2016, an epidemic of births of children with Congenital Zika Virus Syndrome emerged in Brazil, and the state of Bahia concentrated the highest incidence of cases. The official health guidelines recommended that the affected children and their families should be supported by interdisciplinary teams of early intervention. This paper aims to deepen the comprehension of regulation and affective-semiotic mediation processes involved in the early intervention with children with Congenital Zika Virus Syndrome and their families...
July 31, 2021: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Oliwia Kowalczyk, Krzysztof Roszkowski, Wojciech Pawliszak, Agnieszka Rypel, Szymon Roszkowski, Jolanta Kowalska, Bartosz Tylkowski, Anna Bajek
Communication with patients regarding oncology-related aspects is a challenging experience and requires a high level of skill from the interlocutors. The aim of this study was to verify the influence of religion/spirituality in oncological settings from the health professionals' perspectives in Poland. It assessed the role of religion/spirituality in patient-clinician communication, death or stress self-management, empathy, and breaking bad news skills. Data collection was carried out through a standardized self-administered questionnaire with varying scales...
July 31, 2021: Journal of Religion and Health
Mark A Ferro, Saad A Qureshi, Lilly Shanahan, Christiane Otto, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
PURPOSE: This study examined health-related quality of life (HRQL) in children across different physical illnesses; estimated parent-child agreement on HRQL reports; compared HRQL between children with and without physical-mental multimorbidity; and tested if multimorbidity was associated with HRQL. METHODS: Children aged 6-16 years (mean = 11.1; n = 198) with one physical illness and their parents were recruited from a pediatric hospital. Physical illnesses were classified according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD)-10, mental illnesses were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents, and HRQL was measured using the KIDSCREEN-27...
July 31, 2021: Quality of Life Research
Elizabeth Dugan, Frank Porell, Nina M Silverstein, Chae Man Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This translational research had two aims. First, to analyze and translate data from multiple original data sources to provide accurate, unbiased local community and statewide information about healthy aging. Second, to work with stakeholders to use the tools to identify disparities in healthy aging and to support their efforts to advance healthy aging. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data sources from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, U...
July 31, 2021: Gerontologist
Rachel Rouse, Julie Regan
BACKGROUND: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) working with dysphagia have had to radically alter diagnostic and rehabilitation services during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, hereafter referred to as coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Given the aerosol-generating procedures inherent in swallow assessment and interventions, these SLTs have also been particularly susceptible to virus exposure. AIMS: To investigate the psychological impact of COVID-19 on SLTs working with adult dysphagia across the Republic of Ireland and to identify the personal and professional factors associated with depression, anxiety, stress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
July 31, 2021: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Ling Bai, Gong-Jun Ji, Yongxia Song, Jinmei Sun, Junjie Wei, Fang Xue, Lu Zhu, Rui Li, Yanfang Han, Liu Zhang, Jinying Yang, Bensheng Qiu, Guo-Rong Wu, Jing Zhang, Jingfang Hong, Kai Wang, Chunyan Zhu
With the growing population and rapid change in the social environment, nurses in China are suffering from high rates of stress; however, the neural mechanism underlying this occupation related stress is largely unknown. In this study, mental status was determined for 81 nurses and 61 controls using the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) scale. A subgroup (n = 57) was further scanned by resting-state functional MRI with two sessions. Based on the SCL-90 scale, "somatic complaints" and "diet/sleeping" exhibited the most prominent difference between nurses and controls...
July 31, 2021: Human Brain Mapping
Maike Salazar Kämpf, Philipp Kanske, Alexandra Kleiman, Anke Haberkamp, Julia Glombiewski, Cornelia Exner
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) often suffer from impairments in social functioning. This study investigates differences in empathy, compassion, and Theory of Mind (ToM) in individuals with OCD as a possible cause for social functioning deficits. DESIGN: Sixty-four individuals diagnosed with OCD and 62 healthy individuals completed a naturalistic behavioural task (EmpaToM) and a self-report measure (Interpersonal Reactivity Index, IRI)...
July 31, 2021: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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