Jordan P Duncan, Lucy E Caughey, Katherine M White
RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the predictors of willingness to donate frozen oocytes among women of reproductive age in Australia? DESIGN: An online survey involving 303 women of reproductive age (18-49 years) in Australia who had not frozen their oocytes or planned to freeze their oocytes in the next 12 months. The survey assessed demographic variables, prototype willingness model variables (attitude, subjective norm, prototype similarity and prototype favourability) and additional variables (altruism, empathy and infertility awareness) as predictors of hypothetical scenarios of willingness to donate frozen oocytes...
July 22, 2023: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Konstantinos Gasteratos, Bethany Daniels, Sarah-Jane Gebhart, Nautyca Patterson, Madilyn J Tarrant, Jeremy Goverman, Hinne Rakhorst, René Remmelt Willie Johanvan der Hulst
INTRODUCTION: Video-assisted debriefing (VAD) combined with the "advocacy and inquiry" (A&I) technique, is a tool that allows video playback of selected segments of a simulation, thereby assisting the debriefers to structure the session. Currently, however, no consensus exists on how to optimally perform a team debriefing. In our study, we aim to demonstrate and describe the methodology of A&I debriefing in an instructional simulated blast scenario and assess the impact of VAD on residents' technical and non-technical skills (NTS)...
September 22, 2023: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Paul Young, Vivien Chow, Cheryl Haslam, Jamie Barker
OBJECTIVE: To explore white-collar corporate employee/manager experiences of current employer-led mental health and wellbeing initiatives. METHODS: Twenty-five participants took part in semi-structured interviews yielding over nineteen hours of data. Thematic analysis of the interview transcripts was undertaken. Participants worked for organisations including investment banks, insurers, asset managers, consultants, public relations, marketing, and legal firms. RESULTS: Many participants were sceptical of the effectiveness of current company-led mental health and wellbeing initiatives against a backdrop of high job demands and unsupportive cultures...
September 19, 2023: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Huma Q Rana, Jill E Stopfer, Michelle Weitz, Lindsay Kipnis, Diane R Koeller, Samantha Culver, Joanna Mercado, Rebecca Sue Gelman, Meghan Underhill-Blazey, Bradley A McGregor, Christopher J Sweeney, Nancie Petrucelli, Courtney Kokenakes, Sara Pirzadeh-Miller, Brian Reys, Arthur Frazier, Andrew Knechtl, Salman Fateh, Donna Rachel Vatnick, Rebecca Silver, Kerry E Kilbridge, Mark M Pomerantz, Xiao X Wei, Atish D Choudhury, Guru P Sonpavde, Olga Kozyreva, Christopher Lathan, Carrie Horton, Jill S Dolinsky, Elisabeth I Heath, Theodora Suzanne Ross, Kevin Dale Courtney, Judy E Garber, Mary-Ellen Taplin
PURPOSE: Germline genetic testing (GT) is recommended for men with prostate cancer (PC), but testing through traditional models is limited. The ProGen study examined a novel model aimed at providing access to GT while promoting education and informed consent. METHODS: Men with potentially lethal PC (metastatic, localized with a Gleason score of ≥8, persistent prostate-specific antigen after local therapy), diagnosis age ≤55 years, previous malignancy, and family history suggestive of a pathogenic variant (PV) and/or at oncologist's discretion were randomly assigned 3:1 to video education (VE) or in-person genetic counseling (GC)...
September 21, 2023: JCO oncology practice
Chia-Mei Tsai, Tzu-Chi Hsu, Chia-Jung Hsieh
BACKGROUND: The optimum approach to enhance the understanding toward dementia is to experience how patients feel as they experience the manifestations of the disease. The application of virtual reality (VR) and relevant innovative technologies for developing caregiver training programs allows caregivers to better understand dementia and empathize with patients. OBJECTIVES: To develop a VR-based experiential training course on individualized care for the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD)...
September 21, 2023: Contemporary Nurse
Kirubel Dagnaw Tegegne, Moges Muluneh Boke, Asres Zegeye Lakew, Natnael Atnafu Gebeyehu, Mesfin Wudu Kassaw
INTRODUCTION: Substance use has been a long-standing global public health problem with detrimental physical, psychological, social, and economic consequences at individual and societal levels. Large-scale and gender-specific studies on the dual use of alcohol and khat are limited. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dual alcohol and khat use and identify associated factors among male adults in Ethiopia. METHODS: The present study used data from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS)...
2023: PloS One
Muhammad Untung Manara, Annika Nübold, Suzanne van Gils, Fred R H Zijlstra
Past corruption research at the individual level has mainly focused on demographics, personality, attitudes, or morality related variables. Until now, only a few studies have focused on the intra-individual psychological mechanisms of corruption. Building on normative decision-making theory, the present study attempts to shed further light on the internal mechanisms that lead to the decision that corruption is a viable path. Following an informed grounded theory approach, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 38 Indonesian prisoners who have been convicted of corruption...
2023: PloS One
Daniel T L Shek, Tingyin Wong, Xiang Li, Lu Yu
The use of online teaching mode has grown rapidly in recent years, particularly under the COVID-19 pandemic. To promote the learning motivation of students and teaching effectiveness, development of attractive online teaching material such as videos is important. In the present study, we developed 15 theory-related videos and 9 case-based videos in the context of a leadership course focusing on psychological well-being and psychosocial competence. Using a qualitative research methodology via focus groups (N = 48 students) to evaluate these videos, six themes emerged from the data, including video arrangement, design of videos, content of videos, benefits to students' pre-lesson self-learning, benefits to students' learning of course content, and contribution to students' class participation...
2023: PloS One
Benedek Kurdi, Amy R Krosch, Melissa J Ferguson
Across seven preregistered studies in online adult volunteer samples ( N = 5,323), we measured implicit evaluations of social groups following exposure to historical narratives about their oppression. Although the valence of such information is highly negative and its interpretation was left up to participants, implicit evaluations of oppressed groups shifted toward positivity, including in designs involving fictitious, well-known, and even self-relevant targets. The sole deviation from this pattern was observed in an experiment using a vignette about slavery in the United States, in response to which neither White nor Black Americans exhibited any change in implicit race attitudes...
September 21, 2023: Psychological Science
Marianne S Matthias, Joanne K Daggy, Anthony J Perkins, Jasma Adams, Matthew J Bair, Diana J Burgess, Johanne Eliacin, Perla Flores, Laura J Myers, Tetla Menen, Philip Procento, Kevin L Rand, Michelle P Salyers, Mackenzie L Shanahan, Adam T Hirsh
Racialized disparities in chronic pain care are well-documented and persist despite national priorities focused on health equity. Similar disparities have been observed in patient activation (ie, having the knowledge, confidence, and skills to manage one's health). As such, interventions targeting patient activation represent a novel approach to addressing and reducing disparities in pain care. Communication and Activation in Pain to Enhance Relationships and Treat Pain with Equity is a randomized controlled trial of a 6-session telephone-delivered intervention to increase patient activation for Black patients with chronic pain...
September 21, 2023: Pain
Fabio Ibrahim, Jonas Schumacher, Lars Schwandt, Philipp Yorck Herzberg
In this study, we investigated the effect of tactical breathing (breath-based stress management) on marksmanship performance in a randomized between-subjects design. The total of n  = 100 participants (18% female) were all student soldiers and randomly assigned to the intervention group (tactical breathing) or the control group. In the German Armed Forces shooting simulator, participants shot ten rounds at ten meters with the P8 (Heckler and Koch). In addition, the effect of neuroticism, fear of failure, and resilience on shooting performance and the interaction of those traits with the experimental condition were examined...
September 21, 2023: Military Psychology
Francesco DI Pierro, Gianna Agnelli, Diana M Conti, Antonella DI Maggio, Silvia C Tomaino, Maria R Ingenito, Alessandra Piontini, Alexander Bertuccioli, Nicola Zerbinati, Luigina Guasti, Luisella Vigna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2023: Minerva gastroenterology
Jaroslava Raudenská, Veronika Šteinerová, Šárka Vodičková, Martin Raudenský, Marie Fulková, Ivan Urits, Omar Viswanath, Giustino Varrassi, Alena Javůrková
Chronic nonmalignant pain is recognized as a complex, dynamic, phenomenological interplay between biological, psychological, and social factors that are individual to the person suffering from it. Therefore, its management and treatment ought to entail the individual's biopsychosocial aspects that are often addressed by collaborative, inter/multidisciplinary multimodal care, as there is no biologic treatment. In an effort to enhance inter/multidisciplinary multimodal care, a narrative review of arts therapy as a mind-body intervention and its efficacy in chronic pain populations has been conducted...
September 21, 2023: Pain and Therapy
Javier Martinez-Calderon, Cristina García-Muñoz, Francisco Javier Cano-García, Alberto Marcos Heredia-Rizo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2023: Supportive Care in Cancer
Greer Gillies, Keisuke Fukuda, Jonathan S Cant
Ensemble coding (the brain's ability to rapidly extract summary statistics from groups of items) has been demonstrated across a range of low-level (e.g., average color) to high-level (e.g., average facial expression) visual features, and even on information that cannot be gleaned solely from retinal input (e.g., object lifelikeness). There is also evidence that ensemble coding can interact with other cognitive systems such as long-term memory (LTM), as observers are able to derive the average cost of items...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Adam Morris, Benedek Kurdi
People can predict their scores on the Implicit Association Test with remarkable accuracy, challenging the traditional notion that implicit attitudes are inaccessible to introspection and suggesting that people might be aware of these attitudes. Yet, major open questions about the mechanism and scope of these predictions remain, making their implications unclear. Notably, people may be inferring their attitudes from externally observable cues (e.g., in the simplest case, their demographic information) rather than accessing them directly...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Matúš Adamkovič, Marcel Martončik, Veli-Matti Karhulahti, Ivan Ropovik
OBJECTIVE: From 2022, the International Classification of Diseases, eleventh edition (ICD-11) includes the first mental disorder based on digital technology, "gaming disorder," which was previously suggested as a condition for further examination in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). In this cross-sectional study, we provide the first large-scale network analysis of various symptom structures for these constructs to understand the complex interconnections between their proposed symptoms...
September 21, 2023: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Alexandra D W Sullivan, Anne K Bozack, Andres Cardenas, Jonathan S Comer, Daniel M Bagner, Rex Forehand, Justin Parent
This study examined whether children exposed to adversity would exhibit lower epigenetic age acceleration in the context of improved parenting. Children with developmental delays and externalizing behavior problems ( N = 62; Mage = 36.26 months; 70.97% boys, 29.03% girls; 71% Latinx, 22.6% Black) were drawn from a larger randomized controlled trial (RCT), which randomized them to receive Internet-delivered parent-child interaction therapy (iPCIT; n = 30) or community referrals as usual (RAU; n = 32). Epigenetic age acceleration was estimated with the pediatric buccal epigenetic clock, using saliva...
September 21, 2023: Psychological Science
Nina Jakhelln Laugen, Silja Berg Kårstad, Trude Reinfjell, Lars Wichstrøm
Emotion understanding (EU) develops through emotion socialization provided by children's social environments, but the relative importance of various socializing agents has not been determined. In this prospective study, the unique contributions of parents, teachers, and peers to changes in EU from 4 to 8 years of age were therefore investigated in a birth cohort sample of 924 Norwegian children (50.1% boys). A warm parent-child relationship at 4 years of age predicted increased EU at 6 years of age but not from 6 to 8 years of age...
September 21, 2023: Developmental Psychology
Joanna Peplak, Beatrice Bobba, Mari Hasegawa, Simona C S Caravita, Tina Malti
Moral pride is a key component of virtue development. This study provides developmental insight into children's moral pride across cultures, and the potential for moral pride to underlie prosocial behavior. Participants included children and adolescents ages 6, 9, and 12 years from Canada ( n = 186; 50% girls; ethnically diverse sample), Japan ( n = 180; 48% girls), and a subsample from Italy ( n = 86; 54% girls), as well as their primary caregivers or teachers. Moral pride was measured using a vignette procedure wherein children reported their emotions, emotion intensities, and reasoning following moral actions (harm omission and prosocial contexts)...
September 21, 2023: Developmental Psychology
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