Irene Teo, Sean Ng, Filipinas Gines Bundoc, Chetna Malhotra, Semra Ozdemir, Jennifer L Steel, Eric A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Cancer can impact the psychological well-being of both patients and their informal caregivers. We investigated the joint trajectories of psychological distress among Singaporean advanced cancer patients-caregiver dyads. We also examined predictors of trajectory group membership. METHODS: This study utilised data from 299 patients with advanced solid cancer and their caregivers over 33 months (12 times points). Group-based trajectory modelling was used to examine the joint trajectories of patient anxiety, patient depression, caregiver anxiety and caregiver depression scores using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
March 19, 2023: Cancer Medicine
Richard Rogers, Kamar Y Tazi, Eric Y Drogin
Forensic evaluations have advanced considerably with the development of specialized measures validated on forensic and correctional samples. Prior to this progress, such evaluations relied heavily on extrapolations from general psychological tests to crucial, legally relevant questions. Since then, decades of empirical work have produced forensic assessment instruments (FAIs) addressing psycholegal standards in addition to forensically relevant instruments (FRIs) examining issues central to forensic practice (e...
March 19, 2023: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
Zhi-Yuan Ning, Henkjan Honing, Carel Ten Cate
Zebra finches rely mainly on syllable phonology rather than on syllable sequence when they discriminate between two songs. However, they can also learn to discriminate two strings containing the same set of syllables by their sequence. How learning about the phonological characteristics of syllables and their sequence relate to each other and to the composition of the stimuli is still an open question. We compared whether and how the zebra finches' relative sensitivity for syllable phonology and syllable sequence depends on the differences between syllable strings...
March 19, 2023: Animal Cognition
Wei Wu, Yinying Zhang, Yan Wang
Adolescence is a critical period for the development of decision-making skills. Helicopter parenting may lead to adolescents' decisional procrastination because it hinders the satisfaction of their basic psychological needs and impairs their self-systemic processes. Nevertheless, little is known about helicopter parenting and its influence on adolescent development in China. The current study aimed to examine the profiles of helicopter parenting among Chinese adolescent boys and girls, as well as their associations with adolescent decisional procrastination...
March 19, 2023: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Zsuzsanna Cserép, Ákos Batiz, Andrea Székely
Coronary artery disease is a highly prevalent heart disease and the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. During the last decades, numerous studies have focused on the comprehension of the relationship between coronary heart disease and different psychosocial factors. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is a common treatment for coronary artery disease and is usually associated with improved clinical outcomes. Symptoms of anxiety and unipolar depression are common psychological disorders in patients awaiting coronary artery bypass graft surgery...
March 19, 2023: Orvosi Hetilap
D Marinello, I Palla, V Lorenzoni, G Andreozzi, S Pirri, S Ticciati, S Cannizzo, A Del Bianco, E Ferretti, S Santoni, G Turchetti, M Mosca, R Talarico
BACKGROUND: Behçet Syndrome (BS) has a significant psychological and social impact on patients, caregivers and families. The present study aims at exploring disease perception in BS patients, using both a co-designed survey and the narrative medicine (NM) approach. METHODS: An ad-hoc questionnaire was co-designed by clinicians expert in BS, BS patients and caregivers and BS adult patients were invited to answer the online questionnaires. Cluster analysis was used to analyse data from the survey and to identify groups of patients with diverse disease perception...
March 18, 2023: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Siv-Therese Bjørkedal, Jonas Fisker, Lone Christina Hellström, Andreas Hoff, Rie Mandrup Poulsen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Anders Bo Bojesen, Nicole Gremaud Rosenberg, Lene Falgaard Eplov
PURPOSE: Knowledge about predictors of return to work (RTW) in people on sick leave with common mental disorders (CMDs) may inform the development of effective vocational rehabilitation interventions for this target group. In this study, we investigated predictors of RTW at 6 and 12 months in people on sick leave with depression, anxiety disorders or stress-related disorders. METHODS: We have performed a secondary analysis, utilizing data from two RCTs that evaluated the efficacy of an integrated health care and vocational rehabilitation intervention...
March 18, 2023: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Amirhossein Siadat, Reza Moeine, Fariba Iraji, Gita Faghihi, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini
Striae alba, as an unsettling skin complication, has the potential to threaten the physical appearance and psychological health of individuals. So far, dermatologists' endeavors have been futile in finding an ideal treatment. This study evaluated microneedling as a novel treatment modality for striae alba scars. Microneedling was implemented in 1-3 sessions in 2-week intervals among patients with striae alba lesions. The lesions were photographed before and 3 months after the treatment, while all side effects were recorded...
March 18, 2023: Archives of Dermatological Research
Fernanda Miranda Seixas Einloft, Luciane Kopittke, Míriam Thais Guterres Dias, Águida Luana Veriato Schultz, Renata Maria Dotta, Helena Maria Tannhauser Barros
In this article we assessed the prevalence of benzodiazepine (BZD) use in women before and during imprisonment, as well as its related factors and association with symptoms of anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder in a quantitative, cross-sectional, analytical study of regional scope. Two female prisons in the Brazilian Prison System were included. Seventy-four women participated by completing questionnaires about their sociodemographic data, BZD use and use of other substances. These questionnaires included the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C)...
March 18, 2023: Scientific Reports
Lisa Maria Högvall, Ingrid Egerod, Suzanne Forsyth Herling, Tone Rustøen, Helene Berntzen
BACKGROUND: The overall purpose of diaries written during an intensive care stay is to help patients fill in memory gaps from the illness trajectory, which might promote long-term psychological recovery. Diaries have also been shown to benefit nurses in maintaining a view of the patient as a person in the highly technical environment and to promote reflection. There is a lack of research on how nurses might be affected by writing a diary for critically ill patients with a poor prognosis...
March 16, 2023: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
Yujiro Matsuishi, Haruhiko Hoshino, Yuki Enomoto, Nobutake Shimojo, Mitsuki Ikeda, Misaki Kotani, Shunsuke Kobayashi, Takahiro Kido, Bryan J Mathis, Kensuke Nakamura, Hidehiko Nakano, Nobuko Okubo, Yoshiaki Inoue
BACKGROUND: Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) requires the use of multiple assessment tools because it affects multiple domains: Cognitive, Functional, and Behavioural/Psychological. Therefore, this study translated the self-report (SR) version of the Healthy Aging Brain Care Monitor (HABC-M), spanning multiple domains, into Japanese and analysed its reliability and validity in a post-intensive care setting. METHODS: Patients aged 20 years or older and admitted to the adult intensive care unit from August 2019 to January 2021 were included and surveyed by questionnaire...
March 16, 2023: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
Raman Sharma, Rachel Batchelor, Jacqueline Sin
Renewed interest in psychedelic substances in the 21st century has seen the exploration of psychedelic treatments for various psychiatric disorders including substance use disorder (SUD). This review aimed to assess the effectiveness of psychedelic treatments for people with SUD and those falling below diagnostic thresholds (i.e. substance misuse). We systematically searched 11 databases, trial registries, and psychedelic organization websites for empirical studies examining adults undergoing psychedelic treatment for SUD or substance misuse, published in the English language, between 2000 and 2021...
March 18, 2023: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Samantha Groves, Karen Lascelles, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Nurses have been identified as an occupational group at increased risk of suicide. This systematic review examines the prevalence of, and factors influencing, suicide and related behaviours among nurses and midwives (PROSPERO pre-registration CRD42021270297). METHODS: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched. Articles published from 1996 onwards exploring suicidal thoughts and behaviours among nurses and midwives were included. Quality of included studies was assessed...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Affective Disorders
Nurul Hanis Ramzi, Juha Auvinen, Juha Veijola, Jouko Miettunen, Leena Ala-Mursula, Sylvain Sebert, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Rauli Svento, Jari Jokelainen, Fotios Drenos, Terence M Dovey, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Alexandra I F Blakemore
BACKGROUND: The fact that a complex relationship exists between alexithymia and body mass index (BMI) is well established, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we explore the relationship between alexithymia and depressive symptoms in relation to adiposity measures, including the direct and indirect effect of alexithymia and depressive symptoms on obesity over a 15-year time-period, in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (NFBC1966). METHODS: The study included individuals from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (NFBC1966) who had available data for adiposity measures (body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio), alexithymia (measured by the 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale: TAS-20), depressive symptoms (measured by the 13-item depression subscale of Hopkins Symptom Checklist: HSCL-13) at age of 31 years (n = 4773) and 46 years (n = 4431)...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Affective Disorders
Samuel Tomczyk, Sascha Heineck, Thomas McLaren, Lina-Jolien Peter, Georg Schomerus, Silke Schmidt, Holger Muehlan
BACKGROUND: Self-help interventions for health complaints promise alleviation, for instance, of depressive symptoms, and have become increasingly popular. However, despite constant progress regarding digitally supported self-help, real-world uptake is low and motivational processes, like task-specific self-efficacy, are rarely investigated. Therefore, this study developed and tested the Self-Efficacy for Self-Help Scale (SESH). METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial of a positive psychological online intervention to foster self-help, 344 adults (mean age = 49...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Affective Disorders
Talia Fried, Galia Plotkin-Amrami
Social research examining patients' and caretakers' narration of mental disorders, including ADHD, has been remarkably silent about comorbidity. Centering the theme of uncertainty and the question of what is "at stake" in mothers' mental health narratives of children (Kleinman, 1988), we characterize the patchwork process by which mothers deploy ADHD and comorbid diagnoses to account for key experiences and struggles in their and their child's lives. We found that ADHD had limited purchase in accounting for the emotional and social difficulties that were most urgent in mothers' narratives, despite the medical authority behind the ADHD label, which the mothers mostly accepted...
March 11, 2023: Social Science & Medicine
Uri Blasbalg, Dana Sinai, Shay Arnon, Yehonathan Hermon, Paz Toren
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary evidence notes the COVID-19 pandemic greatly impacted the utilization of physical and mental health services worldwide. The present study was therefore designed to evaluate the changes in the utilization of mental health services during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic compared to previous years as well as to estimate the moderating role age had on these changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Psychiatric data was collected from n = 928,044 individuals living in Israel...
March 9, 2023: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Ekaterina Larionova, Zhanna Garakh, Olga Martynova
The task being undertaken can influence orthographic, phonological and semantic processes. In linguistic research, two tasks are most often used: a task requiring a decision in relation to the presented word and a passive reading task which does not require a decision regarding the presented word. The results of studies using these different tasks are not always consistent. This study aimed to explore brain responses associated with the process of recognition of spelling errors, as well as the influence of the task on this process...
March 15, 2023: Acta Psychologica
Antonius Schneider, Laura Huber, Jörg Lohse, Klaus Linde, Anna Greissel, Heribert Sattel, Peter Henningsen, Alexander Hapfelmeier
BACKGROUND: Post-COVID syndrome (PCS) is defined by symptom persistence accompanied by daily life impairment (DLI). The association of somatic symptom disorder (SSD) and symptoms with DLI after SARS-CoV-2 infection in the general population is unclear to date. The main objective of the study was to investigate the association of possible SSD, depression, anxiety, and participant-reported symptoms with DLI in a local population sample. METHODS: Anonymised cross-sectional study...
March 13, 2023: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Yubing Zheng, Yang Ma, Said M Easa, Wei Hao, Zhongxiang Feng
Using a mobile phone while participating in traffic is a growing safety concern all over the world. However, mobile phone use (MPU) while riding an e-bike has not yet been given enough attention by researchers and practitioners. To fill this gap, this study conducted a preliminary online interview and a questionnaire-based survey in China to study what kinds of MPU behaviors e-bikers commonly engaged in and the prevalence of these behaviors. A conceptual dual-process framework consisting of e-bikers' demographics, e-bike usage pattern, nomophobia, attitude and self-control was also proposed to analyze the psychological mechanism underlying this phenomenon...
March 16, 2023: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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