Tülay Kılınç, Aslı Sis Çelik
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the social support and psychological resilience levels perceived by nurses in Turkey during the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was descriptive and cross-sectional. FINDINGS: The level of social support perceived by the nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic was very good, and the perceived psychological resilience level was moderately good...
October 19, 2020: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ozlem Kazan Kızılkurt, Ahmet Yılmaz, Cemal Onur Noyan, Nesrin Dilbaz
PURPOSE: To investigate health anxiety-related factors in the early stages of pandemic in Turkey. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study included 1046 participants who responded to the online survey anonymously between 28 March and 04 April 2020. FINDINGS: Demographic data, postpandemic attitudes towards the elderly and precaution-taking behaviors were health anxiety-related factors. The main predictors of the health anxiety were the level of hopelessness, perception of self, time spent on social media, and following COVID-19 pandemic-related news...
October 19, 2020: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Marlene Kritz, Nikos Ntoumanis, Barbara Mullan, Afroditi Stathi, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Peer volunteers offer a promising avenue for promoting physical activity in older adults. However, recruiting and retaining such volunteers is challenging. We aimed to examine longitudinally factors that determine whether older volunteer walk leaders will persist in their role. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We recruited older adults volunteering as walk leaders, from retirement villages in Perth, at the start of a 16-week walking intervention...
October 17, 2020: Gerontologist
Ariadna Angulo-Brunet, Carme Viladrich, Susana Pallarès, Marta Borrueco, Yago Ramis, Miquel Torregrossa, Jaume Cruz
BACKGROUND: Measuring complex constructs, such as those from self-determination theory models, is challenging in the elderly due to the response process, particularly in collective data gathering. In order to examine this construct in physical activity settings we aimed at determining whether single-item measures were as good as pre-existing multi-item measures. For that reason, we developed seven single-item measures targeting perceived interpersonal styles, basic needs satisfaction, and well-being...
November 2020: Psicothema
Carmen Viejo, Beatriz Leva, Jorge Paredes, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that bullying could be related to teen dating violence; there may be a psycho-developmental transition between bullying and other forms of violence during adolescence as an evolution of the aggressive pattern. This study attempts to identify the role of bullying as a risk factor for psychological violence in adolescents’ dating relationships, and the relationship between these two aggressive behaviours. METHOD: The participants were 3,144 adolescents from Valencia (50...
November 2020: Psicothema
Rocío Romero, Rocío Penas, Ana García-Conde, Pilar Llombart, Sandra Pérez, José H Marco
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyse whether MBCT will reduce the general level of psychopathology, increase the quality of life, and increase meta-knowledge about their emotional state in Spanish participants with cancer. METHOD: The sample consisted of n = 88 Spanish oncology patients. This was a non-randomized, two-group (experimental vs waiting list) trial conducted in a naturalistic setting. We evaluated psychological distress (BSI-18), quality of life (FACT-G), and meta-knowledge of emotions (TMMS-24)...
November 2020: Psicothema
Laura Vallejo-Slocker, Javier Fresneda, Miguel A Vallejo
BACKGROUND: A pandemic disaster has specific effects on mental health, however, little is known about those specific effects in children and adolescents. Thus, the aim of this study is to describe the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on a sample of children and adolescents and to compare the results with previous national data and other studies to determine variations. METHOD: A total of 459 children and adolescents in residential care, foster families, kinship families, or family strengthening programs under SOS Children's Villages Spain were evaluated using the SDQ to measure internalizing and externalizing problems and using KIDSCREEN-10 index to measure heath related quality of life...
November 2020: Psicothema
Ania Justo-Alonso, Ana García-Dantas, Ana I González-Vázquez, Milagrosa Sánchez-Martín, Lucía Del Río-Casanova
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has highlighted the importance of studying the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. The aim of this study is to examine the role of age in the early psychological responses to the pandemic in a Spanish community sample, focusing on how different generations coped with it. METHOD: An online survey was conducted during the early stages of the quarantine. Sociodemographic, health and behavioral variables were compared for five age groups...
November 2020: Psicothema
Miguel Barboza-Palomino, Gonzalo Salas, Maribel Vega-Arce, Tomás Caycho-Rodríguez, José Ventura-León, Pablo E Flores-Kanter, Edwin Salas-Blas, Manuel Landa-Barzola, Wilson López-López
BACKGROUND: This study presents a bibliometric analysis of Psicothema as a commemoration for its 30 years of publishing (1989-2018). METHODS: A year-, sex-, and publication language-based analysis of the journal’s characteristics was carried out based on the sample of 2,396 publications. Based on that data, Lotka’s law was assessed, Lawani and Subramanyam indices and cooperation networks were estimated, the Pratt index was calculated, the concentration of papers according to thematic areas and research methods was described, and citations and impact indicators were obtained according to the original articles indexed in Web of Science (1993-2018)...
November 2020: Psicothema
Khanh P Le, Brien K Ashdown
Perceiving one's self as accepted by important others, such as parents, is fundamental and crucial for the well-being of each individual. One major aspect of interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory (IPARTheory) is examining how parental acceptance-rejection affects people's psychological adjustment. This theory has been validated in many countries and cultural groups around the world, but has not been utilized in the Vietnamese context. This research aims to assess the reliability of IPARTheory measures in Vietnam and applicability of the theory itself among a Vietnamese sample...
October 19, 2020: Journal of Genetic Psychology
Sergey S Berg, Parker S Rosenau, J Roxanne Prichard
To determine whether sleep quality mediates the relationship between traumatic life events and psychological wellbeing in college students. Methods: 40,646 undergraduate responses from the Spring 2017 National College Health Assessment II were evaluated for relationships between two predictor variables: satisfactory sleep and traumatic life events, and two outcome variables: psychological distress (a composite of anxiety, exhaustion, feeling overwhelmed, depression, sadness, loneliness, hopelessness, and anger) and suicidality (composite of self-harm behaviors, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts)...
October 19, 2020: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Eric M Cooke, Richard H Lewis, Brittany E Hayes, Leana A Bouffard, Danielle L Boisvert, Jessica Wells, Nicholas Kavish, Matthias Woeckener, Todd A Armstrong
Rape myths are attitudes that implicitly and explicitly blame victims for their own sexual victimization. Greater adherence to rape myths is linked to several negative outcomes, including the neutralization of gender-based violence and the perpetration of sexual violence. Few studies have considered how previous life experiences and individual-level traits influence the development and greater adherence to rape myths. The current study examines how traits associated with the three-factor model of psychopathy (i...
October 18, 2020: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Lauren C Heathcote, Nele Loecher, Pamela Simon, Sheri L Spunt, Abbie Jordan, Perri R Tutelman, Sarah Cunningham, Lidia Schapira, Laura E Simons
OBJECTIVE: Somatic symptoms capture attention, demand interpretation, and promote health behaviors. Symptom appraisal is particularly impactful within uncertain health contexts such as cancer survivorship. Yet, little is known about how individuals make sense of somatic symptoms within uncertain health contexts, nor how this process guides health behaviors. DESIGN: 25 adolescent and young adult survivors of childhood cancer completed semi-structured interviews regarding how they appraise and respond to changing somatic sensations within the uncertain context of survivorship...
October 19, 2020: Psychology & Health
Edmund Horowicz
There have been ongoing debates as to how, or even whether, we should clinically classify gender diversity in children through clinical classification manuals. So-called 'depathologizing' is argued as being vital to address the stigma that these children are somehow disordered or sick. Yet one argument in favour of continued clinical classification for transgender and gender non-conforming children is that it better facilitates access to specialist psychological support. I argue that whilst continued clinical classification offers a seemingly pragmatic solution to ensuring access, it does in fact obscure our understanding of the individual needs of these children...
October 18, 2020: Bioethics
Michel Bouchoucha, Marinos Fysekidis, David Deutsch, Bakhtiar Bejou, Jean-Marc Sabate, Robert Benamouzig
PURPOSE: Constipation is a frequent complaint of patients with functional bowel disorders. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the perceived constipation severity with demographics, clinical, physiological, and psychological parameters in constipated patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four hundred seven constipated patients were included and had clinical, physiological, and psychological evaluation. The self-reported severity of constipation was analyzed using stepwise linear regression in the total population and within each clinical group...
October 19, 2020: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Anne-Marie Burn, Maris Vainre, Ayla Humphrey, Emma Howarth
Background: The Children and Young People's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (CYP-IAPT) programme was introduced to transform Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) across England. The programme comprised a set of principles that local CAMHS partnerships were expected to operationalise and embed with the aim of increasing access to services and improving the quality of care. This study explored how the implementation of the CYP-IAPT programme was executed and experienced by CAMHS professionals in the county of Cambridgeshire (UK), and the extent to which the CYP-IAPT principles were perceived to be successfully embedded into everyday practice...
2020: Implementation science communications
Jane Chudleigh, Holly Chinnery
Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis has resulted in diagnosis often before symptoms are recognised, leading to benefits including reduced disease severity, decreased burden of care, and lower costs. The psychological impact of this often unsought diagnosis on the parents of seemingly well children is less well understood. The time during which the screening result is communicated to families but before the confirmatory test results are available is recognised as a period of uncertainty and it is this uncertainty that can impact most on parents...
June 2020: International Journal of Neonatal Screening
Mohammed A Mamun, Tahmina Akter, Fatematuz Zohra, Najmuj Sakib, A K M Israfil Bhuiyan, Palash Chandra Banik, Mohammad Muhit
Background: Current COVID-19 researches suggest that both general population and health-care providers (HCPs) are at risk of elevated psychological sufferings including suicidality. However, suicidality has not been addressed properly, although mental health problems are studied globally. Besides, the extreme fear of COVID-19 infection is being existed among the Bangladeshi HCPs, that is reported by a recent patients' suicide because of HCPs treatment negligence. Methods: A web-based cross-sectional study was administered through the social media platforms...
October 2020: Heliyon
James Ngamije, Callixte Yadufashije
Psychology; COVID-19 mental health confinement; Rwanda; Lock down; Commemoration.
October 2020: Heliyon
Koyo Nakamura, Anri Ohta, Shoko Uesaki, Mariko Maeda, Hideaki Kawabata
Facial appearance has essential consequences in various social interactions. Previous studies have shown that although people can perceive a variety of impressions from a face, these impressions may form from a relatively small number of core dimensions in the psychological impression space (e.g., valence and dominance). However, few studies have thus far examined which facial shape features contribute to perceptions of the core trait impression dimensions for Asian female faces. This study aimed to identify the commonalities between various facial impressions of Japanese female faces and determine the facial shape components associated with such impressions by applying geometric morphometric (GMM) analysis...
October 2020: Heliyon
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