Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck

Joanna Krajewska Wojciechowska, Wojciech Krajewski, Tomasz Zatoński
PURPOSE: Otorhinolaryngological abnormalities are common complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its treatment. The main aim of this study was to provide a brief and precise review of the current knowledge regarding CKD and its treatment-related influence on head and neck organs. METHODS: The Medline and Web of Science databases were searched using the terms "chronic kidney disease", "kidney transplantation", "immunosuppression", "dialysis" in conjunction with "otorhinolaryngological manifestation"...
March 28, 2020: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
D Labbé
BACKGROUND: Almost every otorhinolaryngologist will be confronted with patients in need of palliative care. The development of comprehensive cancer centers in Germany strengthens the cooperation between otorhinolaryngologists and palliative care specialists for the benefit of patients with head and neck cancer. OBJECTIVE: The present article provides an overview on palliative care in order to support otorhinolaryngologists in conscious end-of-life decision making and symptom management for head and neck cancer patients...
March 5, 2020: HNO
J Linke, T Eichhorn, M Kemper, T Zahnert, M Neudert
BACKGROUND: As a starting point for developing concrete suggestions for optimizing specialty training in German ENT departments, the present study analysed the current status of residency training in order to identify weaknesses. METHODS: Residents at German ENT departments were invited to participate in an online survey. The questionnaire comprised 78 individual questions. RESULTS: The questionnaire was answered by 223 ENT residents. Educational deficits such as a lack of regular feedback from supervisors, only moderately rated mediation of specialist competencies, capriciousness of the trainers in charge regarding the organisation of training, and time and personnel shortages were identified...
March 4, 2020: HNO
Hülya Eyigör, Erol Gürpınar
Objective: The use of massive open online courses (MOOCs) in medical education and postgraduate education is becoming more and more widespread across the world. A survey study was carried out in Turkey to collect information and raise awareness about the use of MOOCs for educational and training purposes in the field of otorhinolaryngology after graduation. Method: The prepared survey questionnaire was published on the online communication platform of the Turkish Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Association, and volunteers were asked to fill-out the questionnaire by clicking the given link...
December 2019: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Orlando Guntinas-Lichius, Jochen Windfuhr, Thomas Deitmer, Klaus-Wolfgang Delank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2020: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
L Santini, V Favier, F Benoudiba, G Garcia, R Abgral, S Zerdoud, G Russ, A Bozec, S Tronche, S Pondaven, R Garrel, E de Monès
INTRODUCTION: The authors present the guidelines of the French Society of Otorhinolaryngology (SFORL) for clinical and radiological assessment of cystic neck lymphadenopathy of unknown primary in adults. Most cases concern head and neck carcinoma metastasis, often in the oropharyngeal area, or less frequently differentiated thyroid carcinoma or non-keratinizing nasopharyngeal carcinoma. METHODS: A multidisciplinary task force was commissioned to carry out a review of the literature on the etiological work-up in cystic neck lymphadenopathy in adults: clinical examination, conventional imaging (ultrasound, CT, MRI) and metabolic imaging...
February 26, 2020: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Lucie Dostalova, David Kalfert, Alzbeta Jechova, Vladimir Koucky, Stepan Novak, Martin Kuchar, Michal Zabrodsky, Daniela Novakova Kodetova, Marie Ludvikova, Ivana Kholova, Jan Plzak
PURPOSE: The treatment strategy of parotid gland tumours depends mainly on the histopathological type of the lesion. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is recommended in preoperative diagnostics. The aim of the study was to evaluate the FNAB standing in the diagnostic algorithm of parotid gland lesions and to correlate FNAB results in relation to the definitive histopathological diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective analyses of 651 examined and consequently surgically treated parotid gland lesions at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague between 2006 and 2016 were used...
February 27, 2020: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
P C Cui, D Q Zhao, Z H Guo, L P Liang, W Wang
Objective: To assess the outcomes of partial cricotracheal resection (CTR) and extended cricotracheal resection (ECTR) for severe laryngotracheal stenosis. Methods: From November 2009 to September 2017, 18 patients underwent CTR and ECTR at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, Air Force Medical University for severe laryngotracheal stenosis were reviewed retrospectively. There were 12-male and 6-female patients, with the age ranged from 4 to 56 years (median 25 years)...
February 7, 2020: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
L G Yu, L Wang, L J Zhao, S N Zhang, M Chen, L Cai, N Li, Y Jiang
Objective: To explore the application of endoscopy and clinical effect of endoscopic resection of benign tumor in infratemporal fossa. Methods: The clinical data of 11 patients with benign tumors in infratemporal fossa admitted to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and Skull Base Surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2016 to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 males and 5 females, with the age ranging from 11 to 63 years old. The main clinical manifestations were pharyngeal foreign body sensation, submaxillary pain, maxillofacial numbness and tongue numbness...
February 7, 2020: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Yanlu Lyu, Fanqian Zeng, Min Yan, Zhou Zhou, Wei Zhang, Ming Liu, Chaoyang Ke
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a common otologic disease in clinic. Systemic and intratympanic steroid treatment have been proved to be effective, but the regimens vary from center to center. The purpose of the study is to analyze the effects of the combined application of intravenous dexamethasone and intratympanic methylprednisolone injection in different time strategies for the treatment of unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss. A retrospective chart review was performed for the period from March 2016 to June 2018 at our Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery...
February 19, 2020: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Uri Alkan, Aviram Mizrachi, Yaniv Hamzani, Thomas Shpitzer, Gideon Bachar
In recent years, minimally invasive surgeries have been undergoing a revolution with the development of robotic assisted surgery. Due to the anatomical region in which many operations are carried out, in small spaces through natural orifices in the body such as the mouth, the nose or the ear, as well as the esthetic discomfort caused by external scars in the head and neck, the use of robotic assisted surgery in the field of head and neck surgery is gaining momentum and is being implemented more and more in Israel and around the globe...
February 2020: Harefuah
Rory Houston, Steven Powell, Bruce Jaffray, Stephen Ball
OBJECTIVE: To design a clinical guideline for the emergency management of retained button batteries (RBBs) through analysis of UK National Health Service hospital guidelines and published literature. METHOD: 49 acute hospitals were contacted, and their guidelines were analysed. A consensus guideline was then created with multidisciplinary input. The final guideline was independently peer reviewed by the British Association of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery (ENT UK) clinical guidelines committee...
February 10, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Zheng Liu, Jianjun Chen, Lei Cheng, Huabin Li, Shixi Liu, Hongfei Lou, Jianbo Shi, Ying Sun, Dehui Wang, Chengshuo Wang, Xiangdong Wang, Yongxiang Wei, Weiping Wen, Pingchang Yang, Qintai Yang, Gehua Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Changqing Zhao, Dongdong Zhu, Li Zhu, Fenghong Chen, Yi Dong, Qingling Fu, Jingyun Li, Yanqing Li, Chengyao Liu, Feng Liu, Meiping Lu, Yifan Meng, Jichao Sha, Wenyu She, Lili Shi, Kuiji Wang, Jinmei Xue, Luoying Yang, Min Yin, Lichuan Zhang, Ming Zheng, Bing Zhou, Luo Zhang
The current document is based on a consensus reached by a panel of experts from the Chinese Society of Allergy and the Chinese Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rhinology Group. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects approximately 8% of Chinese adults. The inflammatory and remodeling mechanisms of CRS in the Chinese population differ from those observed in the populations of European descent. Recently, precision medicine has been used to treat inflammation by targeting key biomarkers that are involved in the process...
February 2020: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Ory Madgar, Avital Baniel, Noam Yarom, Eran Glikson, Tal Zeeli, Eli Sprecher, Eran E Alon
INTRODUCTION: Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) refers to a heterogeneous group of rare, chronic, inflammatory, mucous membrane-dominated, sub-epithelial blistering diseases that manifest with a varying constellation of oral, ocular, cutaneous, genital, nasopharyngeal, esophageal, and laryngeal lesions. MMP can progress to scarring in affected areas, which may lead to devastating complications including ocular involvement leading to blindness as well as laryngeal involvement leading to airway obstruction...
January 24, 2020: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Elina Penttilä, Samuli Hannula, Jura Numminen, Heikki Irjala, Tuomas Selander, Piitu Parmanne, Antti Mäkitie
We determined the employment status of recently graduated otorhinolaryngologist-head and neck surgeons (ENT doctors) in Finland during the past 10 years. We also investigated the job vacancy rate of the Departments of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (Department of ORL-HNS). An electronic questionnaire was sent to all ENT doctors who had graduated during 2007-2017 and to chief physicians of all Departments of ORL-HNS. Chi-square and Fisher's test were used in the analyses. Altogether 129 ENT doctors had graduated and 125 (96...
December 2020: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
W Y Li, W L Ni, X B Zhang
Objective: Based on the application and funding of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (H13) funded by the Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC), we analyzed the basic research status of the field of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, and provided the references for developing the discipline development plan, optimizing the discipline strategic layout and promoting the discipline progress. Method: The data of both applied and funded grants of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery in NSFC from 2009 to 2019 were collected for further analysis...
January 7, 2020: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Z Q Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2020: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Jingjing Yuan, Zhanfeng Yan, Jinfeng Liu, Ningyu Wang
INTRODUCTION: Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a serious disease that usually occurs after solid organ transplant and stem cell transplant. Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder often involves the head and neck, but it is rare to present as a nasal deformity. Here, we describe a case of external nasal enlargement resulting from PTLD. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old man presented with an enlarged external nose half a year ago. The nasal ala thickened, and the external nose was gradually enlarged, accompanied by bilateral nasal obstructions...
January 7, 2020: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Mohamedkazim M Alwani, Alhasan N Elghouche, Elizabeth A Schueth, Vincent J Campiti, Bruce H Matt, Abideen O Yekinni
OBJECTIVES: To systematically evaluate the clinico-diagnostic profile and management outcomes of otorhinolaryngologic manifestations of Extranodal Rosai-Dorfman Disease (ENRDD) in the pediatric population. METHODS: The search terms Rosai Dorfman Disease and Sinus Histiocytosis were used to query PubMed, Ovid/Medline, and Scopus databases from inception through September 30, 2018. Studies were systematically reviewed in accordance to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol...
December 26, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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