Heidi Preis, Brittain Mahaffey, Cassandra Heiselman, Marci Lobel
RATIONALE: Women pregnant during the COVID-19 pandemic are experiencing moderate to high levels of emotional distress, which has previously been shown to be attributable to two types of pandemic-related pregnancy stress: stress associated with feeling unprepared for birth due to the pandemic (Preparedness Stress) and stress related to fears of perinatal COVID-19 infection (Perinatal Infection Stress). OBJECTIVE: Given the well-documented harms associated with elevated prenatal stress and the critical importance of developing appropriately targeted interventions, we investigated factors predictive of pandemic-related pregnancy stress...
September 6, 2020: Social Science & Medicine
Xiao-Hu Zhao, Zhi-Hua Zhang
PURPOSE: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common psychiatric condition after childbirth which not only effects the mother's health, but also might have impact on child's development and parenting behaviors. Because the etiology of PPD has not been fully cleared, the efforts towards identification of risk factors are crucial for both the children and mother's health. METHOD: PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases were searched since inception until July 2019 to collect data about the risk factors of PPD and only systematic review and meta-analysis can be included...
August 30, 2020: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Ariana G Vidaña, Kelsie T Forbush, Elsey L Barnhart, Sofía Mildrum Chana, Danielle A N Chapa, Brianne Richson, Marianna L Thomeczek
Exposure to a traumatic event is concurrently and prospectively associated with disordered-eating behaviors such as binge eating, restricting, and purging. Specifically, purging has been found to be elevated in individuals with trauma histories, suggesting that purging may be a method for coping with trauma-related distress. However, there has been limited research investigating whether the time at which trauma occurs during development is differentially associated with disordered-eating behaviors and internalizing psychopathology...
August 27, 2020: Eating Behaviors
Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, William French, Jennifer Strickland, Tyler Sasser, Erin N Schoenfelder Gonzalez, Kathryn B Whitlock, Mark A Stein
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is present in 25%-50% of parents of children with ADHD, compromising parenting and child behavioral treatment. Efforts to treat multiplex ADHD families have not compared behavioral parenting interventions to parent psychopharmacology without confounds of other treatments. This report describes a pilot early intervention study directly comparing parent lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) to behavioral parent training (BPT) in families in which the mother had currently untreated ADHD and the young child displayed ADHD symptoms...
September 8, 2020: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Rumi Agarwal, Laura Heron, Shanna L Burke
Postsecondary education (PSE) programs serving individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) aim to improve life outcomes by increasing skills in three key areas: academics, independent living, and employment. To ensure that PSE programs are successful, ongoing evaluations are necessary. It is particularly important to gather parental perspectives given the integral role they play regarding decision making for students with ID. This qualitative study analyzed data from 58 interviews conducted with parents whose child was enrolled in a PSE program nested within a large public university...
September 14, 2020: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Sin-Ying Lin, Nicholas R Eaton, Jessica L Schleider
Mounting evidence highlights the link between screen time and adolescent mood problems. However, there are several shortcomings to the extant literature: (1) this link is underexplored in preadolescents, (2) most existing studies look at mood problems using categorical diagnoses rather than from a symptom-level perspective, despite the heterogeneity within mood disorders, (3) few studies have simultaneously examined the links of mood symptoms with different types of screen time, and (4) family/child-level factors that have shown links to youth psychopathology are not typically considered...
September 14, 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Alana Rogers, Shelley Obst, Samantha J Teague, Larissa Rossen, Elizabeth A Spry, Jacqui A Macdonald, Matthew Sunderland, Craig A Olsson, George Youssef, Delyse Hutchinson
Importance: There is widespread interest in associations between maternal perinatal depression and anxiety and offspring development; however, to date, there has been no systematic, meta-analytic review on the long-term developmental outcomes spanning infancy through adolescence. Objective: To provide a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of the extant literature on associations between maternal perinatal depression and anxiety and social-emotional, cognitive, language, motor, and adaptability outcomes in offspring during the first 18 years of life...
September 14, 2020: JAMA Pediatrics
Rachel K Peterson, Tricia Williams, Nomazulu Dlamini, Robyn Westmacott
Parents of children with neonatal stroke offer critical insight into potential avenues to direct neuropsychological care from the time of diagnosis through the early years. The aims of this study were to (1) describe what parents remember about early prognostic discussions with the medical team and (2) to examine the relationships between initial prognoses and the child's current neurodevelopmental status and parents' mental health. Method: Thirty parents of children with neonatal stroke completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) and Parent Experiences Questionnaire (PEQ)...
September 13, 2020: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Cacilda Andrade Sá, Stefani A Martins de Souza, Maria Cecilia Barbosa Vieira Almeida Villela, Vitor de Moraes Souzaa, Márcia Helena de Fávero de Souza, André Avarese de Figueiredo, José de Bessa, José Murillo B Netto
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the impact of psychological intervention with parents of enuretic children on treatment outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-six enuretic children were randomized into two groups. All children received urotherapy orientation and psychological counseling. Psychological intervention was performed with parents in Experimental Group (EG) and not in Control Group (CG). All parents answered a questionnaire to evaluate violence against their children (Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale - CTSPC), and the Tolerance Scale...
September 14, 2020: Journal of Urology
Kimberly L H Carpenter, Jordan Hahemi, Kathleen Campbell, Steven J Lippmann, Jeffrey P Baker, Helen L Egger, Steven Espinosa, Saritha Vermeer, Guillermo Sapiro, Geraldine Dawson
Commonly used screening tools for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) generally rely on subjective caregiver questionnaires. While behavioral observation is more objective, it is also expensive, time-consuming, and requires significant expertise to perform. As such, there remains a critical need to develop feasible, scalable, and reliable tools that can characterize ASD risk behaviors. This study assessed the utility of a tablet-based behavioral assessment for eliciting and detecting one type of risk behavior, namely, patterns of facial expression, in 104 toddlers (ASD N = 22) and evaluated whether such patterns differentiated toddlers with and without ASD...
September 14, 2020: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Lacey Chetcuti, Mirko Uljarević, Kandice J Varcin, Maryam Boutrus, Ming Wai Wan, Jonathan Green, Teresa Iacono, Cheryl Dissanayake, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Kristelle Hudry
Links between temperament and social-emotional difficulties are well-established in normative child development but remain poorly characterized in autism. We sought to characterize distinct temperament subgroups and their associations with concurrent internalizing and externalizing symptoms in a sample of 103 infants (Mage = 12.39 months, SD = 1.97; 68% male) showing early signs of autism. Latent profile analysis was used to identify subgroups of infants with distinct temperament trait configurations on the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised...
September 14, 2020: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Karolina Zarychta, Anna Banik, Ewa Kulis, Karolina Lobczowska
BACKGROUND: According to social cognitive theory and socio-ecological models, self-efficacy and temptation-related self-regulation (the use of distraction or suppression) are modifiable predictors of health behaviors, such as food intake. Yet, there is limited evidence explaining how these factors are interlinked among parent-child dyads. This study investigated indirect effects of parental and child self-efficacy on food intake, via parental and child self-regulation. METHODS: The prospective study (the baseline [T1] and the 10-month follow-up [T2]) enrolled 924 parent-child dyads (1,848 individuals; 54...
September 13, 2020: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Martha Zimmermann, William O'Donohue, Monica Zepeda, Alexia Woodley
The correlation between child age and caretaker age reported in Table 2 was incorrectly reported as .051. Table 2 has been revised to indicate that the correlation between child age and caretaker age was 0.51. In addition, the revised article has corrected errors in the formatting of the confidence intervals.
September 13, 2020: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Francesca Felicia Operto, Alberto Verrotti, Alfonso Marrelli, Roberta Ciuffini, Giangennaro Coppola, Grazia Maria Giovanna Pastorino, Pasquale Striano, Michela Sole, Claudio Zucca, Valentina Manfredi, Santina Città, Maurizio Elia
INTRODUCTION: Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is a severe pediatric epilepsy syndrome characterized by multiple drug-resistant seizure types. Children with LGS usually experience cognitive regression, and LGS is almost always associated with moderate to severe cognitive impairment. Rufinamide (RFM) was approved by the European Medicines Agency in 2007 for the adjunctive treatment of seizures associated with LGS in patients ≥4 years of age. The primary objective of our study was to assess cognitive, adaptive, and behavior functioning of patients with LGS after 12 months of RFM therapy...
September 10, 2020: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Jing Yu, Akhgar Ghassabian, Zhen Chen, Risë B Goldstein, Mady Hornig, Stephen L Buka, Jill M Goldstein, Stephen E Gilman
Maternal immune activity during pregnancy has been associated with risk for psychiatric disorders in offspring, but less is known about its implications for children's emotional and behavioral development. This study examined whether concentrations of five cytokines assayed from prenatal serum were associated with socioeconomic status (SES) and racial disparities in their offspring's self-regulation abilities. Participants included 1,628 women in the Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP). Seven behavioral items conceptually related to self-regulation were rated by CPP psychologists when children were 4 years old...
September 9, 2020: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Christine Marie George, Lucien Bisimwa Cirhuza, Jennifer Kuhl, Camille Williams, Nicole Coglianese, Elizabeth Thomas, Sarah Bauler, Ruthly François, Ronald Saxton, Amani Sanvura Presence, Alves Birindwa, Bisimwa Rusanga Jean Claude, Jamie Perin, Patrick Mirindi
OBJECTIVE: To identify exposure pathways to fecal pathogens that are significant contributors to diarrheal diseases and impaired growth in young children, and to evaluate scalable interventions to reduce fecal contamination from these pathways. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective cohort study of 370 children under 5 years of age was conducted in Walungu Territory, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Child mouthing behaviors were assessed through caregiver reports and five-hour structured observations...
September 9, 2020: Journal of Pediatrics
Silvia Melero, Mireia Orgilés, José Pedro Espada, Alexandra Morales
Knowing the processes of emotion regulation that children use to respond to stressful situations is essential to analyze the development of psychopathology. The objectives of this research were to study the use of nine cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERS) in depressed children, compared to non-depressed children, and to analyze their possible mediating effects on the relationship between childhood depression and several areas related to child psychological adjustment. The sample comprised 336 children (46...
September 12, 2020: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Perri Klass
Two pediatric accidents in Jane Austen's Persuasion (1818) and one in Margaret Oliphant's The Doctor's Family (1863) are examined from the point of view of trauma management with analysis of contributing risk factors, medical management, concerns of parents and bystanders, and course of recovery. Risk factors for injury are impulsivity, poor supervision, and parents who are unable to set limits. Medical attention is swift and competent, but no heroic measures are used; the management of the injuries, concussion with loss of consciousness and dislocation of the collar bone, is consistent with the way these conditions are, for the most part, still managed today, and successful recovery depends on careful nursing and rest...
September 12, 2020: Journal of Medical Humanities
Anne B Arnett, Jennifer S Beighley, Evangeline C Kurtz-Nelson, Kendra Hoekzema, Tianyun Wang, Raphe A Bernier, Evan E Eichler
Approximately one-fourth of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) cases are associated with a disruptive genetic variant. Many of these ASD genotypes have been described previously, and are characterized by unique constellations of medical, psychiatric, developmental, and behavioral features. Development of precision medicine care for affected individuals has been challenging due to the phenotypic heterogeneity that exists even within each genetic subtype. In the present study, we identify developmental milestones that predict cognitive and adaptive outcomes for five of the most common ASD genotypes...
September 12, 2020: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Tyler Prochnow, Megan S Patterson, M Renee Umstattd Meyer
Child physical activity (PA) is influenced by social environment. Self-perception and perception of others' behaviors may impact health behaviors such as PA. This study examines associations between child networks, perception of their own PA and the network's perception of their PA. Children (n = 89, M age = 10.00, SD = 1.34) at a summer care program reported demographics (54% female; 46% Black), PA, and physical skill competency. Children indicated up to five people they interacted with the most while at the program and how active they perceived each person to be...
September 11, 2020: Health Education Research
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